EYELET and Solid Embroidery.—
When there Is a combination of
r these two embroideries it is always
» well to do the eyelet first. This is,
1. °f course, not compulsory, but it is
I rather harder to make a smooth, flat
relet if close to it. there are already
orked some heavily-padded leaves
hich interfere more or less with the
lacing of the needle. The solid
ork may be done either in the reg
!ar satin-stitch or in the newer
’allachian. If the former is select
1 a few stitches of the working
tread, taken lengthwise of the leaf,
ill serve as the necessary padding,
cross this, the embroidery is done in
ose, even stitches, placed either dl
‘Ctly across the leaf or in a slightly
anting direction. S itches placed
too great a slant make quick work,
it the result is not so good.
If it is preferred to fill this part
the design with Wallachian embrol
?ry no padding whatever is required,
id the stitch used is the plain button
)Le, or blanket stitch begun at the
em end of each leaf and worked
om left to right, each buttonhole
itch reaching from the midrib or
tin of the leaf to its outer edge and
ing at right angles to it. When the
■ t onhole stitches radiate from this point
| until the end of the leaf has been turn
| The parallel stitches of the other
balf are then worked. When all the
•yflowers and leaves have been com
pleted, the parallel lines making the
|&eart shaped spaces are worked,
ferrhese are not outlined, but after a
K line of padding has been worked along
fetheir length embroidery stitches are
Bald over and over this padding at
■ right angles to it, and in close, even
f stitches. One of the most satisfac
tory threads for padding is the or
dinary white darning cotton used for
unending hose. Two, three, or four
*>,threads nf thin mnv h« nSAd and mav
KEEPING VEILS IN CONDITION
Care Bestowed on This Important Arti
cle of Apparel Is Worth While
The ready made lace veil will cost
rom two dollars and a half to four
sen dollars, and every becoming mesh
old by the yard is dear in proportion,
o it behooves the wearer of veils to
tudy how they can be kept in good
ondition. The fishnet webs do not
eed to be hemmed at the ends, as
fter the veil is tied on these are
licked under the knot. But such veils
hould be pulled out when they are
aken off and rolled up from one end
efore they are put away. Old cur
ain rollers, sawed up into pieces the
lidth of the veil, are often used for
,.;eeping the crushable nets tidy. The
SLfirst end of the veil is stretched tight
■over the stick and the rest rolled snug
■ly over it, with every wrinkle smooth
i&cd out. For the lace veils, a piece of
- Ipisteboard the depth of the veil, or a
jJfittle wider, is useful for keeping them
good condition when they are not
be either back-stitched in position
or carried along in the old fashioned
Before each eyelet is punched with
the stiletto, its line of stamping should
be run with little even stitches. These
help to strengthen the eyelet, regulate
its size, and retain its shape. In
very small eyelets this may be omit
ted, if preferred, unless the material"
is given to splitting wrhen the stiletto
is used. Then the outlining must not
be neglected. English eyelets are
never buttonholed, but are done in
little, close, over-and-over stitches,
each set into the line of stamping.
These may be done with very fine em
broidery thread and drawn up into a
small, close cord like finish, or a coars
er thread may be used and drawn up
less closely, so as to form a heavy
In working long eyelets, the run
ning of the outline must never be omit
ted. After this thread has been put
in the eyelet must be cut with the
scissors, as the stiletto will not make
the long hole necessary. When the
eyelet is small, a straight out through
its center, but not reaching to the end
of the eyelet. Is all that is necessary.
In the larger eyelets, a second cut
through the middle and at right an
gles to the first is necessary. This
surplus linen Is then included in the
over and over stitches which com
plete the eyelet. After all the design
has been completed, the border is
worked over a chain stitched padding
of the darning cotton, and the surplus
linen cut away close to the button
holed edge. The work Is then turned
wrong side up. and a narrow button
holed edge worked over the first edge.
This second row of stitches is not set
close together, and does not show
from the right side, but is a great pro
tection to the edge, and prevents ail
worn. Keeping the veils in a flat paste
board box away from other apparel
keeps them still more neatly, and the
elegant woman always has some sach
et of delicate scent in this receptacle,
for the veil is the first scrap of wom
an’s dress to tase on a stale,♦disagree
able odor. A badly soiled veil is in
jurious to the complexion, and one in
bad condition will give the best hat a
look of meanness.
Sailor Suits Still Worn.
The sailor suit is always a charm
ing style of dress for a small boy. and
is equally pretty in blue serge for
cold weather, and in linen, duck, crash
or pique for summer. A dark blue
and white stripe with a wide collar
and cuffs of the same shade of blue
is a favorite suit for play, but just at
present there is a preference for tans
and browns. For the street there
should be a jacket of covert-cloth, un
less with the child's coloring dark blue
serge is more becoming. A wide col
lar of white, blue or tan linen will
make the jacket more attractive.—
those who have passed the summer
Attention must be drawn to the
vest of tucked net, which in oqder to
be thoroughly practical should be
provided with strings to hold it in
position. This model is quite un
rivaled for girls for wearing with
their blue serge and other frocks.
The majority of school authorities
commend this style, as they contend
and justly, that lace or net sleeves
for children in the school room are
quite out of place, as after they Jiare
been worn a few hours they lose their
first freshness. Another advantage
of this vest is that it can easily be
— ■ ■ -
''I '•- ' ‘jt ' r'’
CONCRETE TROUGH.FOR FEED
Very Eas<iy Cleaned With Hoe or
Spade Which Cannot Be Done With
Round Forms—How Built.
As may be seen by the illustration,
this trough is very easily cleaned with
a hoe or spade, which cannot be done
with the round or .V-shaped forms
usually employed. It also has an ad
vantage over the square trough by
the slanting sides, which cause all
the feed to flow toward the center of
the trough, where the animals may
easily reach it, says Orange Judd
A flat board is first laid upon the
ground, and upon this is erected a
square board form of the length,
width and heighth of the trough to be
made. Inside this is placed the core
or inside form. This Is made with
two side boards set slanting and held
in place by end boards, cut on each
end with the slant /ou wish to give
the sides. This form is covered by a
The Concrete Trough Inverted.
board which should the width of
a hoe or spade blade. The core form
is at least 8 inihes shorter than the
outside form to make the ends of
trough. The bottom must be at least
3 inches thick and the sides at top
2 Vi inches thick for a trough 8 feet
long. These dimensions should be in
creased for a larger trough.
To avoid the square edges at the
top of trough, lay in the four corners
where the outside form and core set
upon bottom board small bevel strips
or concave molding. These may be
Just laid in position, as the concrete
will hold them securely, and they
mold a beveled or rounded edge to
the trough, which will not chip easily
or injure the animals feeding from
HEALTHIEST FOOD FOR HOGS
Should Be Fed Wheat Bran and
Crushed Oats, Mixed Into Thick
Slop—To Fatten 8hoata.
The most economical as well as
the healthiest food for brood sows is
wheat bran and crushed oats made
into a thick slop—they should have
all they will eat with a relish. Give
a dry, roomy yard to exercise in. An
animal, especially a brood sow, can
not be kept in health when shut In a
dirty pen and a small yard filled with
slush and mud. Give once a week to
each one shovelful of a mixture of one
bushel of dry wood ashes mixed with
one pint of salt and one pint of sul
phur. Mix these well together, keep
in covered box where it can be kept
dry. This is an excellent tonic for
keeping the blood pure and the ani
mal In health. Burnt wood may take
the place of the ashes. If roots and
^■cabbage cannot be had, and grass
pasture cannot be given, cut up a few'
grass sods and throw into the yard.
The grass roots will take the place of
. roots. Fattening shoats for the early
spring market should be given all tbe
corn they will eat and plenty of clean,
fresh well water twice a day. Keep
the troughs clean. Pigs do best on
warm mlllfeed and ground oat slop.
Have’ the pens clean and dry. The
pen may be kept comfortable by bank
ing up the outside with long fodder
1Uv/l y U l IUV U1UUJ pigo >11 V/UV |/v<u.
The younger and weaker ones should
be placed In a pen by themselves and
fed a little extra mlllfeed slop. Bed
with cut straw or leaves. The feeding
and care of the stock should be done
by the farmer and not left to boys or
Silage for Steers.
The use of silage for fattening beef
cattle has been tested at a number of
experiment stations and by stockmen
with excellent results. In experiments
conducted by the writer In 1904, It
was found that sllage-fed steers sold
at $4.95 per 100 pounds, while those
fed no silage brought only $4.70 per
100 pounds, a gain of 25 cents In favor
of the sllage-fed animals. It was
found that for every 100 pounds of
gain, 471 pounds of sllage-fed saved
18 pounds of grain and 156 pounds
In these tests silage was fed In con
nection with alfalfa hay, cohi chop,
kafir corn chop, and cottonseed meal.
The average soil, in unusual seasons,
will produce 18 to 15 tons of green
corn per cere. Even with a yield of
10 tons per acre, there Is an Income,
according to this experiment, of
about 883 per acre.
The financial statement of this ex
periment showed that the sllage-fed
steers made a profit of $4.10 per head,
while the same grade of steers fed
on the same feed except silage lost
fl.<7 per head.
Teaching the Colt.
The colt should be taught to respect
the whip and It wUl never be worn
out «i him.
... % y *
. ' . '■■...■ ■ ...■'., , ■■■—, .,
SHELTER WITH FEEDING RACK
t -— ■ ■» ■
Economy and Convenience Are Essen
tials to Be Considered in Con
structing Feed Place.
There are two Important questions
which ought to be considered In build
ing a feed rack. These are, economy,
which includes convenience In feed
ing, and location. Most feed racks
are built In the middle of an open lot
which Is not sheltered from storms
and about which there is likely to be
a depression worn out by the hoofs
of the animals until water or Ice
forms the footing, or else it becomes
Ordinary Feed Rack.
filled with vpiste hay which Is almost'
equally objectionable, says Kan
sas Farmer, Such racks cannot be
filled readily nor can the 'cattle feed
at them in the greatest comfort.
The first drawing shows a feed rack
in very common use which has been
constructed with a view to obviate
some of these difficulties. It is a good
rack, not difficult of construction and
quite saving of feed. It is a decided
improvement over the one our John
son county friend describes in that
his is made with the slats funning
horizontally instead of vertically as
here shown. /
The lower drawing shows about the
same construction except that it is
only a half rack which is backed by
a high, tight board fence. This form
has several advantages. The driver
can reach it from the other side of
the fence without having to open
gates or drive among the hungry cat
tle to unload. It also furnishes a
splendid windbreak if the fence Is set
east and west and the rack built on
the south side of it. I have seen this
form of rack used by a good many
farmers and feeders who express
their satisfaction with it, though
some of them had built it against an
other building or behind a hedge row
or a grove of trees. In these cases
the protection was secured though
-the > convenience In filling was lost.
Cattle will eat more and do better
when made comfortable.
Make Your Own Horse.
As a general rule, a man may own
good-pulling horses or balky ones of
the worst type—just whichever he
chooses. If a colt were properly han
dled while being broken in, and then
loaded decently after it had learned
to pull, balky horses would be few
and far between. Indeed, we doubt
very much if there would be a balky
horse to be found in the whole world.
Worst Enemy of Sheep.
One of the worst enemies of sheep
at the present time is that known by
by sheep men as the stomach worm
(strongylus contortus). This is a
small red thread-like worm which in
fests the fourth stomach and is often
found In such large numbers as to
cause the death of the victim by act
Hogs are high, so be careful about
bringing disease on the place.
Feed a little tankage to the brood
sows. A rich feed and It counts.
Experiment stations Are doing some
nne worn m testing nog reeaing.
No pay In wintering hogs over. A
little more feed will market them.
Don’t let your sheep and lambs get
at the straw stack. It gets Into their
noses and Injures them.
Use some of that straw for bedding
for the hogs. They need a warm and
dry place to sleep, and must have It.
The same breed which you, are quit
ting because they are slow growers
the other man Is buying because they
We should sell off all live stock
that we cannot keep as we should
this winter. Let the man keep them
who can do It.
Do not breed from any mare that
Is deformed, sick, diseased, vtclous,
unsound, unsuitable, a poor milker, or
a cross mother.
Keep your animals out of the
draughts. A little batting, odds and
ends of lumber, tar paper, old rags,
etc., will do wonders.
Breed horses with the object of
steadily improving the stock or the
farm and advancing the horse breed
ing industry of the state.
If you will throw the frosen silage
Into the warm feeding alley, and let It
thaw out before It 4s used, no harm
will come from feeding It.
Rice meal, when It Is not adulterat
ed with rU-s bran., and the like. Is a
very good -j'teed and has about the
same feeder value as com.
Farm ami Road
TRAY IS GOOD SEED TESTER
Device Enables Seed Grower to'Deter
mlne on What Mixture of Soil
Is Best Suited.
One of the most Ingenious devices
for the testing of seeds yet put out
is that'designed by a Minnesota man.
It enables a seedgrower to determine
which mixture of soil is best suited to
a particular seed. A tray has a layer
of some moisture retaining materia!
in the bottom, and on top of this is a
removable cover with a number of
holes, all numbered. Little conical
cups, open at the bottom, fit into these
holes and the cups are filled with dif
ferent mixtures of soil, having differ
ent proportions of loam, etc. In these
different soils seeds are planted, and
— - - — - -
Tray for Testing 8eeds.
by keeping a record of the numbers
the growers can tell which -eoilB are
best suited to his various purposes
The moistening pad in the bottom of
the tray keeps the soil moist and obvi
ates the necessity of watering it daily,
besides keeping all the uniform degree
GOOD ROAD ERA HAS BEGUN
Once Constructed, Highways Should
Be Looked After Regularly—Dust
Preventative Is Needed.
The good road era has begun in
many states, and already the steam
roller, the piles of crushed rock along
the roadside and the digging out of the
original roadway are familiar sights in
many of the eastern states. The
roads built are generally of approved
macadam construction, which, com
pleted, are perfect strips of white rib
bon running through the green fields
and hills of the rural sections.
These roads are perfectly built, and
as soon as completed the farmers ‘hnd
other ratepayers contentedly sit back
and exclaim: “These roads are now
good for a generation or more without
trouble.” This is a serious error, and
one being made In many states. That
it is an error is borne out by the dust
cloud raised by a passing car travel
ing at 20 miles per hour, or perhaps
Many fall to realize that whenever
dust Is raised a road is being de
stroyed, gays the Motor Age. This is
particularly the case on smooth mac
adam surfaces, where there Is nothing
to hold the dust on the road, and
where every cross wind blows ofT. any
As soon as roads are built arrange
ments should be made to keep them in
repair. With roads it is essentially "A
stitch in time saves nine.” Some dust
preventative should be used immedi
ately macadam roads are completed,
in order to prevent dust.
Oil, tar and many special prepara
tions are now on the market, and the
communities should be educated to
looking upon these additions as a le
gitimate part of the road maintenance.
California has its oiled roads over
which motoring Is a pleasure to the
motorist and not a dust-bath to the cit
izen who happens to be on the road
the same day, or who has the misfor
tune to reside along a well-traveled
Massachusetts proved last year that
road treatments are a success and
more economical than continuous ap
plications of water; and in Englarvl
duat preventing is always considered a
part of the road problem.
Importance of Manure.
Perhaps the most important thing
on the farm ia not how to take care of
the manure ao that it can be put on
the land with as littfe lost as possible
elthdr df the liquid part or any that
la of a dryer nature, but the fact is
very apparent that the waste of ma
nure a* every farm is more or less ac
cording to the means used to secure
every part In the host possible way.
Buy Seed Corn Early.
It la best to buy seed com early. Buy
it in the ear and buy from a third to a
half more than you really need tor
planting, so that all inferior ears may
be picked out and discarded. We usu
ally buy three bushels and cull out
one bushel and find that it pays In in
creased yields. That which la culled
out may be used for feed and la not a
SENTENCE SERMONS. !
Nothing should be owned whlcii
may not be destroyed at will.
Schopenhauer hypnotized and tied
up the thoughts of four generations.
Just as facts are skeletons of truths,
so words are single bones and the
dictionary is a vast ossuary.
Art Is an outcome of the play Im
pulse, as Schiller said, the exuberance
of energies not exhausted in the strug
gle for existence.
All the world curses MachlaveHl.
and all the world follows him. Hu
manity prefers to be guided by rulea
which it disavows.
A truth may be formulated, but it is
not true till It Is felt and acted on,
and ceases to be true when It ceases
to be felt and acted on.
Endowments—there Is the secret of
stagnation. Institutions, with their
golden treasure heaps, are the prisons
of the soul of the future.
The artist does not merely repre
sent Nature. He marries her facts to
his passion and pain, and the offspring
Is Art.—Nature Crossed by Man.
It boots not to point out that the
r. anIfI-.V. nnJ MoanHntia *
it Is the greatness of his soul, not Ita
pettiness/ which he puts into his art.
Believe me, my dear Virtuosi, that
wild strawberry flavor of living, that
dog rose aroma of reality you will
miss by your gospel of art for art’a
Aristotle tells us that Cratylus car
ried skepticism to such a degree that
he at last was of opinion one ought
to speak of nothing, but merely moved
MAXIMS OF PUBLIUS SYRUS.
What is left when honor la lost?
Practice la the best of all Instruo
Powerful, indeed, ia the empire of
No one should be Judge in his own
When fortune flatters she does It
A fair exterior is a silent recom
It is bad plan that admits of no
Amid a multitude of projects no
plan Is devised.
You should hammer your iron when
it is glowing hot.
He who is bent on doing evil can
never want occasion.
We may with advantage at times
forget what we know.
One man’s wickedness may easily
become all men's curse.
The fear of death is more to bo
dreaded than death itself.
When two do the same thing it ia
not the same thing, after all.
SAYINGS OF JOHN WESLEY.
I have no time to be in a hurry. ^
God begins his work in children.
The best of all is, God is with us.
I dare no more fret than curse an*
God buries his workmen, but co&
tinues his work.
I save all I can and give all I can;
that is all I have.
Loyalty (to rulers) is witn mo an
essential branch of religion.
It is a happy thing if we can learn
obedience by the things which we suf
When I devoted to God my ease, my
time, my fortune, my life, I did not
except my reputation.
Be punctual. Whenever I am to go
to a place the first thing I do is to get
ready; then, what time remains is my
A goat eats only one-eighth as much
as a cow, but gives more than that
proportion of milk.
In the British Museum library there
are more than thirty-two miles at
shelves filled with books. '
An electric railroad tunnel under
the aea to connect Sweden and Den
mark has been proposed.
Five o’clock in the morning is the
coldest hour of the twenty-four t»
nearly all seasons of the year.
The Austrians claim to have ad
vanced the art of horseshoeing to n
greater extent than an> other people.
. ✓' » —*
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