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FARMER’S FIRST DUTY
Must Provide Sufficiently for Wife i and Children. Draft Horae Is Most Important Fao tor In Our Efficient Systems of Crop Production In Wealthiest Farm Communities. (By WATNE DINSMORE.) A man’s first duty, outside of his duty to the nation. Is to his family. He Is under solemn obligations to protect and provide for those given Into his care. His wife and children are en titled to sufficient and satisfactory food, clothing and shelter, to the com SELECT GOOD EARS OF CORN Row* of Kernels Should Be Straight and From light and One-Half ' to Ten Inehea Long. 1. A good ear ahould be cylindrical or nearly to. It should ba full and strong In ths middle portion, and the circumference should be approximate ly three-quarters of the length. The rows of kernels should ba straight, and not laaa than sixteen nor more than twenty-two In number. The ear should ba from sight and one-half to tan Inches long. I. Tbs color of the grain ahould be true to variety, even In shade, and free from mixture. White corn should hqvg white coba, and yellow corn red cobs. 3. The tip should not be too ta pering. It ahould be well covered with straight rows of regular kernels of uniform sisa and shape. j 4. Open, swelled, expended, flat tened and pinched butts are objection able. The rows of kernels should ex tend In regular order over the end of the cob, leaving a depression when the shank is removed. 5. The shape of the kernel should conform to the variety standard. The tips of the kernels should be full and Btrong. leaving no space between them near the cob. Toward the crowns, the edges of the kernels should be so shaped as to leave merely enough space between the rows to facilitate drying. Shrunken or pointed tips and badly rounded crowns are objection able. The crowns of the kernels ahnulrt he rather deenlv dented, but not pinched or chaffy. The dent Bhould extend evenly across the ker nel, and there should be no pointed or sharp margins. The kernels should be about five-sixteenths of an Inch wide by five-eighths of an Inch long, and six to the Inch In the row. 6. The ears should be well matured, firm and sound. The germs should be uninjured, large, bright, fresh and vigorous looking. BREEDING FROM MATURE SOW Qood Stock Is Often Injured by Being Bred When Too Young—Result of Florida Test. Four Berkshire sows kept at the Florida Experiment station farm dur ing the past year farrowed twice in that time, producing a total of thirty pigs in July and thirty-one the next spring. From the thirty pigs farrowed in July, 1910, twenty-six grew to matue ity. Of the thirty-one farrowed dur ing February and March, 1911, twenty seven were saved. During the year the four sows farrowed sixty-one pigs and saved fifty-three, or 87 per cent of the pigs farrowed. These four sows were farrowed in A Gray Shire. forts of life and to such reasonable working as will leave some time for recreation and rest. Our northern states have witnessed. In the past decade, an emigration from the farm to the cities, that has alarmed our best agricultural authori ties, who deplore the tendency of the landowners and their children to re move to the cities. This draft from the country to the city has been studied carefully by leading educators, and their conclu sion Is that it Is because of a revolt against the working conditions on the majority of farms. The average city or woman has an eight-hour day. A large proportion of farmers also have an eight-hour day—but It is eight in the forenoon and eight In the afternoon. There is no time for rec reation. and the boy or girl is often go wearied by long-continued physical •xertlon that the rest secured is not gufflclent. The farm is best managed where the physical labor to be done by the owner, his employes, his wife, or his phildren, Is reduced to a minimum. One good boy on a riding cultivator |Btn do more in eight hours’ steady Work, behind a good team, than an jWjually good lad can do in 16 hours If obliged to foot it all day behind a glngle mule and a double shovel. | The way to make the wife and the ^oys and girls contented on the farm I Is to manage the work so that it can (be done, and done well, without taking up time and energy which should teroperly be left for rest and recrea faCNL. ; More efficient methods for crop pro duction. resulting in greater yields and (lower production cost, mean greater profits, a more satisfactory standard pf living fo*- farm families, and such (financial independence as will make possible the education of the coming generation. The most prosperous, the best edu cated and wealthiest farm communi ties are those in which the most effi cient agricultural methods are used end the draft horse is the most im portant factor In our most efficient sys tems of farm production. Has Your Horse the “Shivers7” A horse with the “shivers" Is a ■nighty uncomfortable creature, and Is always an easy victim to the Influ enza bug. Perhaps the stable is damp or drafty. More likely it Is lacking In ventilation, and no purifying rays of sunshine reach Its Interior. In such case the stock breathe over and over * again the same air, their blood be comes starved for oxygen, and the This May Work on Balker. If you have a balky horse, don’t beat him, or build a fire under him, says a writer; get out and tie a piece of string around his tongue and fasten it to the bit and yon will be surprised to see how quick his Bind Is taken off of tbs balky habit. May, 1908, and had their first litter of pigs during November, 1909. The sows were therefore well grown and devel oped when first bred. Good breeding stock is often Injured by being bred when too young and immature. Young immature sows are likely to farrow pigs lacking in vitality. Such pigs never grow and develop ag they should, and hence are more expensive to raise. WATER TROUGH FOR CHICKENS Easily Put Together by Using Ordinary Roofing Paper, With Edges Cemented Together. A quickly made and sanitary drink ing trough for chickens is formed of pieces of ordinary two or three ply roofing paper. The paper la laid out Drinking Trough for Chickens. as is shown by Popular Mechanics, and the edges are cemented with asphalt urn and then tacked to the side of a fence or shed. A Good Breeding Sow. It la a fact that the pigs of large litters are usually more uniform In size and fatten more quickly than those of small Utters. Here le where the good breeding sow comes In. CHARCOAL IS A GOOD THING Beet Cleansing Medicine and Preven tive of Dleeaae—Excellent Qual ities of Wyandotte. "Is charcoal a good thing for fowls, and how do you feed HT Which are the best layers, White Leghorns or White Wyandottes?’ Charcoal is the best cleansing medi cine for fowls and is a preventive of disease. Ashes from wood fires may be thrown Into the poultry yards and the chickens will pick out the char White Wyandottes. coal, or a few ears of corn can be put in the oven and charred and then fed to them. The Leghorn family have the reputation of being the best lay ers of any breed and probably head the list as spring and summer layers, but take it all the year around, wintef and summer, the Wyandottes will not be far behind them in egg production and, being larger and plumper, are much better table fowls. Some folks appear to think that ti s cultivator Is self-acting. You don’t have to whip cream to make It good. It is naturally so. A team of horses is just as much entitled to one day’s rest in seven as a man. Never hire a cheap man to work a good pair of horses. It will mean loss every time. After a pig weighs 80 or 90 pounds he should be kept busy putting on at least^a pound per day. The sow that is so clumsy or ner vous that she always kills half her pigs had better go to market. A good shocker is worth two or three times as much as he gets. A poor one doesn’t earn his board. The men who have tried alfalfa the longest are the ones who are going to sow the largest acreage this fall. The team will do more and better work with less loss in condition it given water occasionally while at work. It might be worth something to us If we knew just why English buyers like Danish and Canadian bacon bet ter than ours. If a hog is really thirsty, and more thirsty than hungry, a drink of wa ter is more needed than milk. Milk does not satisfy thirst very well. It costs from two to six cents mors to produce a pound of fat pork than 8 pound of ordinary bacon, but the dif ference is on the other side at market ing time. For Sick Headache and Constipation After Old Time Remedies Fail Try Oentle, Blissful Hot Springs Liver Buttons. Don’t condemn} this wonder ful bowel, liver and stomach remedy justjbecause pills, salts, waters and oils have not given satisfaction. HOT SPRINGS LIVER BUT TONS are a scientific remedy; the formula of the best medical brains in Hot Springs, Ark. One little button, easily taken, will do the work and do it. so well rhot von will ho lnvfnllv | tonished. Take one each night for a few days; you’ll eat better, work better, sleep better, your eyes will brighten and your skin grow clearer. We urge you to give them one trial—we want you to know and feel the supreme relief that one little HOT SPRINGS BUT TON will bring. We know you won’t be satisfied with common, every-day cathartics after one trial. All druggists sell them at 25 certs a box. For free sam ple write Hot Springs Chemical Co., Hoi Springs. Ark. St. Clair Drug Co., special agent in Tupelo. Slimmer Itch Instant relief for all kinds of sum mer skin troubles is now found in that simple wash—D. D. D. Prescription for Eczema. Get a 25c trial bottle today and prove for yourself the merits of this wonderful prescription. We always recommend it for Sum mer Itch; in fact we give you a regu lar size bottle on our personal guar- i antee that D. D. D. will tke away the itch at once or it will not cost you a cent. Puund-Kincannon-Elkin Co. I Apples For Insomnia. People anight to km'" that the very best thing they can do is to eat apples just before retiring for the night. Personsunitiated in the mysteries of the fruit are liable to throw up their hands in horror at the visions of dyspepsia which such a suggestion may summon up, but no harm can com even to a delicate system / --:------ j ANYTHING FROM A VISITING CARD TO A 24x36 POSTER TURNED OUT IN THE SHORTEST TIME POSSIBLE IN THE JOURNAL — JOB— II | DEPARTMENT All Kinds of Commercial Work Exe cuted in the Latest styie on First-class Stock at City Prices. Don’t Send Off, But Get Our Prices on Anything You Need in the Printing Line V The Tupelo Journal — Both Telephones 225. <£ *£ Tupelo, Miss. in the interest of his candidacy for a seat in the Congress of the United States from the First Congressional District of Mississippi. Dr. Broyles has won for himself through out the District quite afreputation as an interesting public speaker. He is anxious to meet the people and present his claims for their consideration. BE SURE AND HEAR HIM | you will never regret it. Hon. E. S. Candler, Jr., is in- j vited to be present and join in the discussion with an even division of time. Tupelo, Miss., August 10, 1912. The Broyles Campaign Committee. ■ — ' - - 1 PROFESSIONAL. J. H. GREEN Physician & Surgeon; OFFICE IN HINDS BUILDING. TROY STREET PHONES: Cumberland, Office 26, Residence; 346. Stantonville, Office 103-J, Residence 103-L Dr. E. Douglas Hood, DENTIST, Rooms 1, 2, and 3 in Peoples Bank and Trust Co. Building Phones—Office. 103. Res 35 Dr. E. M. Topp, ] DENTIST. » I Office: Bank of Tupelo Building Phones: Office, 224. Res. 151 1 . ■■■ T. T. BONNER PHYSICIAN & SURGEON OFFICE 112 NORTH BROADWAY Phones; Office 95. Residence 307 Dr. J. 0. Gurney, Physician & Surgeon. Office in new brick building south ora court house, on Court St. Office Pbon | 54, Residence 103. -® wv. w—* m VK. t. U. rUM cK DENTIST Office over Tison McG zee's. Telephones: Office, No. 50; residence! Mo. 53. _ g Trustee’s Sale Notice. Pursuant to the provision of a certain Deed of ["rust executed by Jim Westmoreland, and his wife, Georgia Westmorland, on the 14th day of lanuary, A. D„ 19^9. to secure certain indebted less therein mentioned to Mrs. S. H. Hill, for the tse of Harlan Mclnistry. which Deed in Trust is iuly recorded in the chancery clerk's office of Lee lounty, Mississippi, in Deed Record Book No. 39, 3age 515, I will, as Trustee in said Deed in Trust. >n the 17th day of August. A. D., 1912, at the :ourt house door in rhe town of Tupelo, Misse lippi, within legal hours, offer for sale, at public >utcry to the highest bidder for cash, the follow ng described property, to-wit: Commencing at the N. W. corner of the N. E. Juarter of section 30. township 9, range 6. east, uid thence run east 36 rods, thence south 579 feet, nence east 315 feet, thence south 61 feet, thence vest 315 feet, thence north 61 feet to the point of jeginning, all in the N. E. Quarter of section 30, :ownship 9, range 6, east, in Lee County, Missis lippi, and is the boose and lot occupied as a lomestead by Jim and Georgia Westmoreland, rn January 14th. 1909. Such title conveyed as is vested in me as trustee tforesaid. This the 22nd day of July, A D„ 1912. J. W. P. BOGGAN, 18-4t Trustee. Non-Resident Notice. Hate of Mississippi. To Mrs. W. P. Taylor, 235 Baronne troet, New Orleans, La., Defendant You are commanded to appear before he Chancery Court of the county of jee, in said stat«», on the Inf Monday of October, A. D., 1912 o defend the suit in said Court of A i V. A Hen Co., wherein you are a de endant. This 16 day of July, A. D., 1912. 18-3t John M. Witt, Clerk. Anderson ft Long, Solicitors Comply Telephone Booklet Free Every farmer or planter interested in having telephone service in his residence and connecting with the Cumberland ieiephone & Tele graph Company’s lines write for descriptive pamph- j *let on this subject. Remember the great advantages of Long Dis tance service. i! Address, giving name and postoffice plainly j written. j i CUMBERLAND TELEPHONE 4 TELEGRAPH CO tlrcornoratod.) FARMER LINE DEPARTMENT. NASHVILLE, TENN , .. b/ the eating of ripe and ju cy j1 apples before going to bed. 1 he apple is excellent brain food be cause it l as more phosphoric acid in easily digested shape than any ! other fruit. It excites the action * of the liver, promotes sound and 1 healthful sleep and thoroughly 1 disinfects the mouth. This is t not all; the apple prevents indi- ] gestion and throat disease. —Ex change.