The City Itemizer
THURSDAY, MARCH 16, 1916
Yalobusha County, Miss.
Office Phone, 256
Residence Phone, 183.
University Weekly Letter.
Sand Clay Roads.
A famous geologist, comment
ing ou Mississippi’s mineral re
sources, said that the sand deposit
were her richest heritage. Clay is
more plentiful ttian sand however,
and the supply of these common
materials so far exceeds the de
mand that we do not fully appre
ciate the value of either. The
most extensive field of usefulness
for sand and clay is doubtless in
It is a well known faot that wet
sand or dry clay will support traf
fic with satisfaction, but no mean
er roads are to be found than those
in dry sand or wet clay. Parellel
roads of sand and of clay are at
once suggested, one for wet sea
sons, the other one for dry seasons,
but it is better to combine the
two materials into a sand clay road
good at all seasons.
Many failures have resulted trom
the improper use of baud and clay
in road building. One can no
more build a sand clay road by
dumping one material on the
other and leaving the job, than he
can build a house by throwing
some shingles over a pile of lumber
though in the case of the road there
will be some improvement.
Stretches of splendid earth roads,
easily maintained throughout the
year, are to be found in many lo
calities. The material is usually a
sandy loam top soil, low in vege
table matter—a natural sand clay
mixture. If this soil is carefully
selected and spread over clay or
sand, much good will be done.
Surfacing with top soil is a fa
vorite treatment in Georgia and has
given tine results. It is only nec
essary to spread the selected mate
rial over the previously prepared
road bed to a depth of six or eight
inches, crown with a grader and let
traffic pack it down. Frequent
dragging will be necessary for the
first few months.
To build a sand clay road on a
clay base, the road bed should be
graded to the desired depth and
shape; the top broken and pulver
ized to a depth of about four inch
es with plow and harrow or with
disk plow; six or eight inches of
coarse sand spread evenly over the
clay and the two materials thor
oughly mixed with a disk plow and
harrow. The road is next shaped
with a grader and preferably roll
On a sand base the clay is spread
about six inches thick; pulverized
with a disk and harrow, plowed in
to the sand and further mixed with
dish and harrow, crowned with
grader and rolled. Better results
will be secured if the mixing is
done while the road is muddy
enough to puddle.
It a roller is not available, traf
fic may be allowed to consolidate
the road but more attention will
have to be given to maintenance
during its early life. A herd of
cattle driven over the road several
times serves as a good substitute
for the roller,
A sand clay road is not at its
best when first completed but
must be frequently dragged until
thouroughly consolidated by traffic
and water. Such a road, if prop
erly built and maintained, will,
under average conditions, give
good service throughout the year,
and is decidedly less costly to build
and maintain than a hard surfaced
road. The extra cost of construe
tion will vary with local conditions
but will be from $800 00 to $800.00
per mile. Maintenance should not
coBt over $20.00 to $25 00 per ruile
each year, this amount being spent
mainly for dragging.—J. H. Dor
rah, Dean of the Engineering De
FOR RENT—Four Rooms of
my residence, All connected and
in good repair.
Mrs. M. A. Spiers.
206 Church Street.
Tribute of Respect.
Whereas, Kemp Avent, who for1
more than thirty years has been in
the employment of the City of
Water Valley, departed this life
March 6th, 1916, and it is thought
to be most fitting that we record
our appreciation of his long and
faithful service and his upright
character as a citizen—therefore
Resolved, By the Mayor and
Board of Aldermen of the City of
Water Valley that in the death of
Kemp Avent the City has lost an
humble, honest and upright colored
citizen, an employe who was faith
ful to every trust and a worthy
example to the younger members
of his r^ce.
That this resolution be given a
place on the records of this Board,
and a copy furnished the family of
the deoeased and to the news
papers of the city.
Adopted in open session of the
Board, March 7, 1916.
G. W. Rayburn, Mayor,
G R. Wood, Clerk.
Trustee's Sale of Land.
Under and by virtue of the powers
vested in rue by a certain Trust Deed
given by Mrs. Gordie Quinn to J. H.
Shoffner to secure certain moneys named
therein, dated July 27, 1915, to be found
of record in Book W, page 183, of the
records of Trust Deeds in Second Dis
trict of Yalobusha County, Mississippi,
default in payment of said money hav
ing been made, and having been request
ed by the holder and owner of said
Trust Deed to foreclose the same, I will
proceed, as Trustee, and expose for sale
at public outcry in front of the South
Door of the County Court House, in
Water Valley, Mississippi, on
Saturday, 1st Day of April, 1916,
within legal hours, and sell, for cash, to
the highest bidder, the following de
scribed Real Estate, situated in the city
of Water Valley, 1 alobusha County, de
scribed as follows, to-wit:
Lots numbers 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 138,
139, 140, 141,144,145, 146, 147, 148, all in
Shaw’s subdivision of the city of Water
Valley as per J. W. Mercer’s Map of
Said property will be sold in lots to:
satisfy said Trust Deed. The title to
said lands is believed to be good, but I
sell and convey as Trustee only.
This 26th day of February, 1916.
J. W. MAULDIN, Trustee.
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