THUHKDXl- JANUAKV 1M856.
tJ" A . A.. Blacts, Eq., is authorised to receive
nnd receipt for subscription, to the Weakly and
Tn-Weekly Flag of the Union.
"!. 4tfT. Davis' Letter.
Vol. Tarpley, the recipient-general of all
the behests, confidential and secret, of the
absent spirits of his'party , from Mr. Calhoun
down to Father Stonestreet, has recently given
to" U world, " against the express wishes"
of its author, too. wo learn, one of tho most
characteristic letters that has enriched the
political literature of the country this many
a day. If, however, Mr. Tarfiley as the selr
oonstihited k3eper of the consciences of hi.
private corro poudeuts, deems it proper to give
publicity to their wishes, privately expressed
to him, a due regard for his honor and integ
rity justifies us in enquiring whether or not
such supposed betrayal of confidence, in this
instance at least, is not in accordance with the
"express wishes" of the writer, nevertheless-
Does any one the least familiar with the
history of this State for the last seven years
believe lor a moment that the studiously
totibdVSSSbrf letter intended.
- . .. t
personal friend ? W here
solely for the eye
the necessity, in a private obit-chat with an
intimate chum, to make the ad captandum
protestation that his allegiance to Mississippi
and duty to the South were paramount to all
personal considerations ? Why express the
hanuincss it would afford him should the
injury resulting from his non-election to the
Senate of the United States be connnea to mm-1
self alone ! Why allude to the reluctance with ;
which he accepted his present position ? And j
why obtrade so prominently his sacrifices for j
his party in 'doffing Senatorial robes ? Why i
all this in a private letter to a friend as fami-;
liar with his history as was the writer him
self ! Upon no other hypothesis can it be
accounted for but this : Col. Davis wished to
remind his forgetful party of his superior
elaimi, and was yet too modest to do it direct;
hence the circuity adopted.
But eTuld all these queries bo satisfactorily
answered, still the letter ltsclt contains omer
... . 1 , - .1 1
;r.,.titr,,vprt.illA internal evidence of the
fact that it was deliberately matured tor the
anA tn fWtxnt the nnriafhiu ff
v;v, . -ri-- "
i?enacrial election. e auuae to me inarcu-
j . . . - r ,1- . t mm
dius .shrewdness and suavUcr in modo
.... . .... ... .
whu'u n meets and tries to conciliate
o . " v , t. . , . , .
State, .and the ingenuity with which he
treats with seeaxing indifference the suggestion
of his name in connection with the chief magis-
trat y of the nation-' thrusting the crown
aside" for the nonce ; when he certainly
knows that bis election to the Senate is the
o.ily thing that oa.i givo him a scintilla of;
hone for the Presidency : and no sane man !
donbts that such is the opinion of himself and
v - , l . u ...
liic if.ii. i nt mi iiiT iit. ii.ti.ii'i .1,1 .it a
T . T. J
-tv.v- V1 "if""
onAm man tt L'i in stt m i r 1 ,r inrt tr tr
choking an infant Ifcrouics with sugared pills.
Col. Davis says :
T 1 it.: r .1
x uciti: sctu euiuuuiiui' ui me uiamt'uvur-
ine to whitih voa rfi.r in thA ftonmt,. to
nZ,- mv frL-nda vtith rtw, ia, r
refer m uie aiienipu iO(
and iu nllltTon that the Democrat
tl ? j-V .t. o . t
north is ferrtitled to the next Senator. I am
is entitled to the next Senator. I am
too miuflmi of my obligations to my friends in j
the northern part of the State to permit my
name to be an obstacle to the accomplishment j
of any wish they may have in this matter ;
but tiiede is abroad distinction between a few j
axieui candidates and the m.ghty people j
amgAhom hey live ; and I would certainly ,
2i.i ii.at l nau laoorea to Dut nttie purpose it
had now to declare that my love for Mis- i
issipi was not graduated by the proximity of j
.is parts to my owndwelling place."
The richest part.of the whole thing is that j
Col. Davis doe3 not want to be balloted for
with any thing I ke-formidable opposition. In
, i i ir . . . '
,ther words, he a candidate against the.
, .- . , . . . .,
W .rid if,his election is certain ; but then, if ;
aay serious doubt exists of the final result, he '
is not in.
Sucuiseiot las language, it is true,
but then it is the plain import.
As outsiders, we, care very little about tbe
Senatorial election nor do we suppose that our
friends in the Legislature busy their brains
about it; yet we could not but allude to this
coupe de main in political strategy, of one of
the prominent aspirants, which, but for its
emi-transparency, should be considered a
Q " Sigma," the Washington correspon- j days from Washington. When the Secreta-
dent of the New Orleans Picayune presents ry of War imports his camels, if he will start
a iew feature in the contest for speaker ; he j line in this direction at the rate of 25 miles
nays that the Richardson men will not accept j ft day, our mail facilities will be improved.
thAproposition of the Nationol Know Nothings, I ' T ,
Tf,1, 'ii--. . iy T? Judge Lonostheet has a long letter
thai they should drop their caucus candidate!. , ,. . i j s
take up Col. Orr, or some other Democrat
bo was not placed by the caucus on the
Jt " .
d.. r . xr va- jn
.othm23. But Know Nothings ahd Demo-
6 . iT . ... . . ... .
crats can unite in the proposition to elect Col.
Orr as the temporary chairman, and when
that is done, if the Know Nothings move the
resolution declaring him the permanent
Speaker, it will not be difficult to effect a
eombination of the two minorities in hisbeiialf,
-as moctats flard td"Tote agsfeH
the gentleman, from South Corolina. We pre (
the above simply for what it is worth.
tpp- The Democratic Convention yesterday
nominated Messrs. Tarpley and Blythe for
the State at large, and Messrs. Cushman,
Acker, Matthews, Estello and Ellett for tlie
Districts, as Presidential Electors.
m Suicide is certainly bceoming cpidem -
we scarcely open a paper that does not
eontainu account of some poor creature that
has of bis own accord " shuffled off this mortal
l " .
coil." Ernest Vn iter reopen, author of -
wm. .uo. . . . to avail themselves of the benefits of this in
new system of miaical notation, m Waslung-1 four others conditionally. I will
ton City, is the last instance. ! also .give you an idea of my future plans.
haa nK.nTthAd I My intention b totrvd over that portion of
Uj . -
in New York, it ii said, for the production of
watches entirely of American manufacture.
Hitherto while the cases and dials have been
made in this country, the fiace, figures, and
he mtrieate naslunery of the running works
Mti imported almost exchuaveiy from ieuf-
1. It is to be hoped the movement will
, and become the germ of a new dirac-
n. ?rL. emerpru obtain it. I hope tM friendi generally, him, bettering him to be wicked man de-IWatest discoveries! t the age m ofetic
TtrpsDAT, January 8, 1856.
This being the day fixeeVfor the assembling
of the anti-Auierican Conation, no business
UI LUC (UiW.kUlvi v f - 1
of consequence was transacted in either House.
Wkdnesday, January 9, 1856.
The Senate met pursuant to adjournment.
Mr. Greer, chairman of the committee to
wait on the Governor, reported that they had
performed that duty, and that His Excellency
would trausmit his regular mossago without
A message was receive
- . ,, .1 VT i
eu i rem me xiouae
UUU1 UUUX lilt UOUSK VI ivci v. fy...-i
A menace was received from the House
.W. .i . . - tl
' i-srusuig the senam-na-nuT i niwmt. mm
, a(joptod a resolution to go into the elacaon of
State Printer, Libmian ana oespajajawpjp
Also that the two Houses meet to coWthe
rXfK7 to eoncur in the resolu-
tions. ! uxo lira uiuiiuaj " .
Mr. Cobb moved to strike out of the resolu- j Cincinnati as the place for holding the Demo
tion "State Printer and Librarian" -which j NatioMi Convention. No other husi-
, 'JJntioo, as amended were adopted.
. . J
On motion of Mr. Arthur
Resolved. That the thirteenth joint rule
be so amended as to proviae ior ino pjiu-
ment of the following joint standing commit -
One to examine the office of the Auditor of
Another to examine the office of the
Secretary of State,
And a third to examine tna aiaic xruaaui
er s oihcc.the Mate ommisaiinici
the contingent fund of tho executive office.
Mr. Arthur gave notice of a bill to establish
Warren county, and to
i amend the criminal laws of the State
I Mr St.srk...
gave notice of a bill to provide
it of the Planters' Bank bonds.
i f c vaym(Sm
I Mr. Davis o-avo notice of a resolution in re-1
lation to the State Library adopted.
Thc regular message m the Governor w:is
! f hr
hon received and read (see another part or
'f ho Soitj- adiouruod till 3
3Ir. Starke introduced a bill to increase the
i . rum
mupury 01 lav utuvomir tu u,uuui
h Mr. Berry moved to amend by inserting
I Ai'tcr considerable debate the bill was
j ? aufud' ,
! lhe .Senate adiourncd.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
utvr&uuio umwpuruuii uuoiuuso, um Axuuac
is.. : . iUu
.1 . .1
1 W resolution to postpone tne
election of SUte Prmier and Librarian.
nw i 1
me oienmai message irom mo vxovcrnor
: wo meu nwnw uu iww.
,' Mr. Rod introduced a local bill to author-
' use the J5oard ot J oliee ot Uolmes to select a
Pm w 11UiU " luwu 'm Uilw UU1V
''-. .. ,
i 1 110 o houses then met to elect a er -
Tm fcwQ HouSfi3 thcn met to eect
0t ijmf?0t t0- 1
1 J.ne two nouses men proeecueu iu wum
L, . .. . 1 .i
f. n,,;. r.w.,c-MloJ to mnn)
fnr. i:.urtu -nto n.
ipjRag 32 666
Fontaine ' 27 'o79
M . rf for 5 087
A the j.
QOO was passed. ,
u , .: 0 , , .
The House adjourned till 8 o'clock.
9 o'clock r. m.
A roanlntw.n to unnoint n. Mimmittet. to re-
& bul to jet out the Stat0 printing hy
contract was negatived yeas 32, nays 52
(yes md nays to be published hereafter.)
A resolution in relation to to the Yazoo
Pass was debated and postponed.
The HolLie adjourned to 9 o'clock to-mor-
At great expense we have made arrange
ments to furnish our readers with full telegra
pine despatches fromllpoints up to the night
preceumg our puDiicauon. uur oaies im
Our dates this
morning are a day behind the lines not hav
ing been in order yesterday.
The message, by the Post Offiee Camp- t
bell's slow line, came through yesterday in 10
' . , .
! T Tk Winona Vi rA nlfprl tr
TT . . ...
i state, however, that our State Lniveosity stdl
I prospers, despite the thrusting of "geology
r ,r , . tus i
1 and " moral science" into the political arena.
TJWe shall have something to say about
the recent convention of the " harmonious"
and " un terrified" in this city hereafter.
To the Friend of the Blind.
Some- time ago there appeared a commu
nication in the newspapers of Jackson, de-
i C 13 ring 111 tuicutiuu iu uimv u onutu iu
i order to raise means to have some books pub-
i lished, in raised letters, for the use of those
j which not pub.
: lished. I met with some success, not as
great, however, as 1 anticipated. 1 think, by
private donations, 1 shall be able to have pub
lished an English Grammar probably, an
Algebra. I expect to call upon the citisens
of Jackson in a few days, and hone they will
: , .... . m ' '
t of practical benefits resulting from the
i uo llUtiai, luaciiiuiu IO IUU U'D DUUU mwu
education of the blind. Since I have been
travelling, I have seen sixteen persons eligi-
I Kla tn nn, tnsfit.nt.lfm tmm nf wnm nintn!ud
j the state which 1 hat not travelled over, for
the purposes of effecting the publication of
the books referred to and seeing those who
can be benefited by our institution, and to in
duce them, if possible, to come and partake
our ingtitutioBi its terms of admis-
OI tnenv if wuav ue ior we wane oi Know
s:on c.t that it has not been filled up with
! pupils, for lnnd JUKg
I Mm w Jfe
vuuaa m oobuv outmawiwiB, wm w mwm irom Dnnng 10 ena ait wnpr r-T . v
i. t u,LwtM nt mJm mmm Ur MttlH fimr Mm nd all mhn miv luKMsftiir fkvnr SMtmu an immense ving. 11 u oom tne
UpOD WKH8 X UJ UW BIU IBB VJ UWU !." Mini mm uus vuiocc kjx kuc fj. x. v.v. , , iMg-y-; '--Xr
CITY OF JACKSON,
Washington, Jan. 7. In the Senate, a
joB directing the Finance Committee to
eidinev of renortina the
VU(JUU N f ml
Ocneral Appropriation bills, or adopting some
speedy action on them, was adopted. Ad
journal to Thuradej.
In the House, four additional ballots for
Speaker. Last ballot Banks, 99 ; Richard
son, 72; Fuller, 30; Pennington, 9; scat
tering, 6. Adjourned to Wednesday.
W ashing ton, 8th. It is understood that
the Democratic members, in caucus last night,
. - - , . ,
t agreed to stick to their platform and nonu-
! . , : it Ji m -
v-aeo, ana to voie. m """LJ
f nggf aa' 3ao33fr-
Democratic National Convention.
j Democrfttio National Committee me
j at Washington this day (8th), and fixed on
I 41 A t TIT J 0 .Tuna st a fli-a tmiA TM1
T1. .... J.11 T-.
j w iokk, bid.-
, advanced to, $15.75. Weather cold, j
j gj. hfc mow
LouisviLUi, 8th. River falling, and
frozen over. Navigation suspendxbd above
and below falls.
New Orleans Cotton Market.
Nbw Orleans, 8th. Sales to-day 15,5(MX
bales. Middling, 9 cents. Molasses dull at
S4e. Sugar dull at previous quotations.
AMRlCAli" MEETING .
At a meeting of the American party of j
, Covington county, according to previous no- j
tiee. on motion. Hon. r. tows wae called to
I tfie ciiair and J. L. Hargroves appointed see-
; retarv. The Chair explamsd the object, of
tnc meeting to be to appoint Delegates to at
tend 4a State Convention of th AmeriC;m
partv, to be hold at Jackson on the 17th
T An motion it WCJ'- EgT
. ..... , - MtV- v -
i Beat No. S. Samuel G. Ferrell and
1 . . ..
eat 0 4 Gorman McLeod and Sam 1
, G Groft,
Beat No 5-p B
Casterling and Da-
: . -
a . H. . . - .
nn motion, the Chairman was added to tho
ylgt ot- Delegates.
The followine resolutions were unanimous-
ly adopted by the meeting, to wit :
nesoivea, xnat tne American party 01
; Covinirton county have an abidinjz confidence
thcni In lb55- wtlctbcr theJ
bv our oartv or its enemies.
P"lJ. "V 110 '
" Resolved, That the partial defeat of our
nartv in the late canvass is not a cause for us
appoint a suitable number of Delegate toolff '!!' liMatI:Jf 1 nrT F ' 00 a COMll,atory apint may not j territorial rights, is conclusively prove 1 bv the
represent this county in said county ; whre-1 Uich , lhe ovcrDQ,e 00?sewed to rftri i enabIe the tWo governments to overcome aU evidence elicited on the trial of such of their
upon the Chair anpointeJ as follows, to wit : Even there. K&ailiWijKSLT ' If ! !Q ,reCTrc!..t0 a f0.?' ntry, whetein we ; obstacles to a satisfactory adjustment of the I agents as have been apprehended and convict
Beat No. 1 -J. L. Hargroves and Lough- may at auv tile, whilf tulCf ' th.ad an Pccn interests, only upon suL.-t. j ed. Some of the officers thus implicated are
ton Davis. Sardinian troo a awcnVlK. irm-V ' tLo .coav,cti0n tLat.e llke restrictions wore j Assured otUhe correctness of the construe-! of high official position, and many of then,
Beat No. 2 Thomas II. Watts and John over lhe Irontif In cl c LomlrTOH i f, obligatory on Great Britain. , tion of the treaty constantly adhei ed to by beyond our jurisdiction, so that legal proceed
AicDonald. tcrritorv six uiWn m lions of ItalianslvL or t!jl understanding ot the lorce and j taw government, -and resolved to insist on the ings could not reach the source of this mischief.
.ew uc-tir 84eoof-cb.5fc'nuf'3 !w!.i.-.wL '"fi TTlfflfw Jt ,J
to abandon our objects, but gives strong proof I erahfc Its courts of justice are subject to , rest of the region to which the stipulations serve. Tt will afford me sincere gratification, i British possessions. By reason of the extent
j of the necessity for a party with its principles, j Austrian control ; its schools and colleges to applied. i if f iturc efforts should result in the success ! and importance of the country in dippnte,
! by showing us that the evils we feared were j Austtan censorship ; its journals, with the It, however, became apparent, a an early anticipated heretofore, with more confidence there has been imminent daeger of a collision
not phantoms, but stern realities. i excejtion of one or two official gazettes, are ' day after entering upon the discharge of my ; thai; thcjispeet of the case permits me now to ; between the subjects of Great Britain and the
j " Resolved, That we believe the majority j suppmsed; its very catechisms and grammars j present functions, that (treat Britain still : ente rtain. eitizens of the United States, including their
will generally take a wrong view first of no are tnctured to the Austrian taste; public ! continued iu the exercise or assertion of large j recruitment. respective authorities in that quarter. The
1 grave and important a question ; but, on assenWies of all kinds are prohibited ; foreign j authority to fill that part of Central America One ofhejfesnbject of discussion between the prospect of a speedy arrangement has contrib
' mature reflection, they will susteiu such scntifbl patrol the strcete; fvciy man, and commonly called the Mosquito coast, and'i Cnited StaMf'and Great Britain has grown i nted hitherto toinduce on both sides forbearance
American principles as are embodied in the 1 chik is at the mercy of A uS rain iusalonco. . covering the entire length of the State of out of tbe attempt, which the exigencies of to assert by force what each claims as a right.
; American platform and that we advocate no j flsewhere, five or six states are absolutely j Nicaragua, and part of (Josta Pica ; that she ; the war iu which she is engaged with Russia ; Continuance of delay on the part of the two
" Resolved, That tbe proceedings of this
meeting be published in the Flag of the
Union and Brandon Republican."
F. Pope, Chairni.
Ji L. Hargraves, Secretary.
.Leake County Convention.
According to previous notice, a respectable
portion of the American party of Leake
county met at the Court House in Carthage,
j for q
, state Convention at .Jackson, to be held on
the 17th inst; whereupon Capt. Edward
Davis was ealled to the chair, and A. R.
Lindsay and Jordan E. Allen were reqdwted
to act as secretaries.
The objects of the meeting being fully ex
plained by the Chairman,
On motion, the following persons we ap
pointed as Delegates to the State Conven
tion, to wit :
Beet 1 J. M. Hooper, J. B. Scriiener,
J. Y. Blocker, D. K. Young, H. G. Martin,
Logan Hooper, L. F. Shoemaker, and fleae
Beat 2. Jos. D. Eads, Wm. B. Maau, C.
L. Mots, Jordan E. Allen, R. E. Hslford,
Isaac Jordan, John A. Hanson, Dr. Wit. P.
Craddoek, Campbell Leflore, T. W. Harris,
L. D. Williams, A. H. Bilbo, Geo. T. Allen,
H. G. Annfield. James A. Cottinnhana Cal
vin Robbins, C. L. Boyd.
Beat 3. Wm. Joyce, Green Allen, 0
H. Roby.Joha Nash, H. H. Schrock, Wii.
jT. Landrum, J. M. Barnett, and Edward
Beat 4. D. S. McDonald, R. A
P. M. Coddis. Jocenb H lUman, O
i Davis, Dempeey Sparkman, and A. J.
I Beat 5. R. R. Lindsey, A. Buford, Fd
bum ireener, hi ph. Wmttmgton, War
Brewer, Seth A. Baker, John C. Me
Cn motion, J. D. Eads, B. E- Halfi
and Mm. Jt. Mann were appoint 3d a co:
mittee to report resolutions, and after a
time reported the following
Whereas, The doctrines and principles 4f
t I '
; the American party are founded on the -Cos.
! utitntinn nd th riahta af rh Smith, and wH
i a . w.
calculated to secure
to our section ot country
tho, nni nA tha WL
her equal rights in
preserve our glorious country undivided
der one common nag "the Stars
Stripes:" therefore, be it resolved,
1 rf TK-it nm Amtrldmn in tta utr.i
xci jluv try wuuvufu su uv oviuugvo?
terms all efforts en the part of the Northern!
fanatics, known by whet name soever, to
2d. That we consider Kansas a part of
a. a .l .i l : -i j ii ..J;
that we believe that it should be sustained 1 1
therein at all haaards. 1
3d. That nothing short of tie whole oft
Kansas will satisfy the South, fer we eon
sider that it jotly and of riRfat beiones to us.
t K r.a mhnm I Hva That m Mnriomn ItOV KarlAr Bll r ' " - T
'Zrr. rrr L,.TJ,T."rrT" r r" . . lfcW,tirtn . to nrarme food for etoak
MISS., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 6, 1856.
of the South are ;
evils, and that the
but " State rights,"
An nn in fttiv wav
interfere with the n.
6th. That we fav
by purchase, and coi
it Huuuld never j
be lost aigbt of tui
7th. That we beiu
8th. That nothii
short t4 a
man, with Southe:
856, ViH' satisfy ns : j
re indtructod accord -
for Prtai- i
denual candidate in,
hence, our Delegate.'
9th. 'That " Wbij
d ' Democrat" are i
pf the Stiuth.
t0 SoBthud !
i man and'-.
0th. That we
the wnflle South, to
oar poutit al action
ilth That all
after should be dh
tion boiaonr safe -
the South, the Cc
guard and protection!
a dissolution of:
12th. That we
tha Union, but prefel
to doredation in
13. That our wat
od be, The rights
of the South and
preftr party to
ti to any office
of humor or profit.
loth. That we
iirtiei at the N
e stii tonfidonee in
consider that our
only safery- rests in
fin the South.
i present time
aid South, are
who try to pi
unworthy of the
dQ He vQouh, and
will not do to t
Kutrded by this !
meeting as dema,
All of which
of this meeting
sent to the A
B. R. Lindsew 'H
ajpj in as Great
ian as large ,
four millions of
one in Iatv-Jthge. one m tho :
enuaw ui .cr, ousj u" "I
V - - K i.l. 4. . a.f'. r.t . a - .
I a conflict with his batf-tarbnro soldiers i TTwn j ', " w W0IIW ncvernave -
' cxt frnrn r.-iim and raster:) EuroDe. Six ot'on coicHlNisiiiil. u'' . :
..V: ? f . , i
: miihons of thdsamo rase, m rapicB, are ruiea
by the reeal Boutenai:
cruelties have kimg k
i bUity of Lord John Jlussell. In the Fapal
1 s w . . . a 11. 1 : . it 1
i States two mdians ana a nan suomw to ine ;
unspeakable iradatijm of ecclesiastical gov- j
eminent, and iwo: .thwsaed . Frencn soldiers
guard tho uoiv to, xrnj ana ino
1 iessmstatfs sunef 4,m ..m..
I and bieotrv, eijGa.1 v; wiiN I .to body ana j
s and troops :
in Austrian uniform. Its youths are levied j
! to sese on distant stations under alien gen- i
gowned by priuces or grand-dakes, who in j
j thej- turns am governed by Russia, Austria,
j an4France. Only in Piedtiont "can a man
j hiiii, speak, or act as a being made in the j
! mfge of God." London Leader j
j i Beli Dormeusi." The special
i Pans correspondent of th iv. Y. Ttmes :
te tuc following curious stiry :
A young Scotch girl, scarcely more than a
j chjj and beautiful as anjfof Walter Scott's
j ty ldeeping fherever she goes.
Hn-nnnic is Eril Walten and her mother
l. KPlnirht her to Paris It trt, by travel, to
u.. -' ,.r ,t. dnmilar mnl.idv At the !
arktx. she no sooner take her seat in a box
7T . ... . ii, .:l
L i.&11a tn fiWn nnd;Ki:s remains until :
Ati is awakened, at it is whilst in this posi-!
j l ,.u uL UinaAl u titlA of " Ia !
SB Dormouse." twhili she sleeps she ia
to enjoy dreams'' so lfveiy and so attrac- j
five that the awaking into the common- j
cc surrounaines pi wj wuhu uiaao
are carried ont ! ia diairiel iAto me AJLt
niaiutn Austrian funtiown
nnd she hasteits bak acatn mio niejreukpoiwui vcuwai .fUKira. juvw pre-:
. At k,hv i ,arrM!!Te. at the
eatre, wherever she! is lt alone for a mo-)
:x L mUm cum nnd nwfifit sleen : !
f. j '-tu a nvtAv mL, iund.like face, and I
Mill,- NIIC 0CVUSWJ 1IHW" "B 1 '
J.. nli ma aha . Ml nmt Ann rf adilv .
bi.u o -"JW- . . -v.
imsrine that her face in f cep is the centre ot
if Action for au ejes,jaud that she well
tterits the title of " Th
lhe symptoms of this
ctrions forms of hjif
af er time has cured
betray one of the
and, no doubt,
r of tho abominable
condition in which shfe
w finds herself, she
wLl look back urxm ta:
od with as much
me as she now does fc)
HifiSS from the di
condition of this
child's nervous system it would be ounous
to know how much tfere is of materiality.
f now mucn oi lmniatemuiy, m uus dwbku
I borgian-like cominunkn with the land of
NATiowAt. Amkriciv fB.OANIZATION IN
Ino. It is well knofn that the American
i party in Ohio, though tiwerful in nujnbers,
7 i nowp.rftil. in fact, tkt it carried the State
1 1 X - . - . H . . m
i Ufor the Repnbftan American ticket,
j Ipe not hitherto aetedfcs an mdepenaeni pi-
! iltioal organisation. The int elections bar
I i r ..- . . I , A .1
i imorican oartv in th Union is second to no
l fc . .. S lA i 4 A, m m- 1 mm.
ier party, ana tnat i nas out- u taue uaiiuu
ground in order to fleet the next President
inc unuof riaws
tho Americans ol;
io are preparing to lint sectional issues and i
oe with their brethieu from otlw States of j
Union. I ;
i ' i
Tbe tolocrapiic communication was
interrupted yesjbrday. We give dates of
Da. DENfe OFF FIT,
sJl known througl(t the Southern country
hi. reeearch;iniiinini is in
lie proposes to impart
lib 9 th
Fcllmc-CitiT?.ns of the Senate a?tf of
' 0 .w.-L.
m, TTSZ ' !
. 0 constitution 01 m yam owt, pro-
ia. th Monroe doe v,aes in,ai vongress snau aiwemiw uuu.urv , tlVe relations of the two governments to Uen
J on the first Monday of December, aid it has j ttal America.
been usual for the President to makep com-1
1Iut-acin m pumic cnaraw-r kj i w
and House of Representative nnti
their readiness to receive it. I
ferred to this usage until the close ofkjic first j
m(mi J'1 IU "eFsion, out my wuvwwm u j
tne aiscuargc 01 tue omigaiions ujwju vy
th Constitution upon t
rne rresiani, o jnve ;
! of prosperity'and peace
FOREIGN RELATIONS CMSTkAL AJlEBICA.
Whilst rclatious of amity continue to ex
ist between the United States and all foreiim
i mw cwmu Vi nioui grave queuoud
are depending, which may requite the con -
unr.m ...,fl, mnA if i . i
sideration ot Uongrnsa.
j vf such questions, the most important is
i ina wnicn nas an one or rne negotiations
I . " "tvv',wo w xw
xy tne convention concluded between ie
two governments on the 19th of April, 1850,
uum mos covenanteo, uiat "neitner wui
It was tbe undoubted understanding of the
Uuited States, iu making this treaty, that all
deondcnce ; and that both contracting ; dirties
engaged equaiiy and to the same extettCftr j
the pre.-ent and fur the future.fthit if ei.iier, ;
then ,i ad an v claim of mrht in Central Ame-
nca, such clatm. and all occunation or antho- i
,,niT h - TzJ onl? and did not
-I i i .;. . i . l k . ... . . . i v ... . i . . ' .
' ' k l-1V.-tM1f A . " hmr , . -.1 A . -A t I. - -J L ,.1' Al t
""i'j w-" " vuivuizv. or ae-; me uaio oi me treaty ureat .Britain had statan
, 01 exereiae any aorainion over vicara- any posseSMon there, other than tho limited In
, uun ", "ro auwwiuiw wa or any i auu ppcun.ir esrauu.mmeuc at the ml.ze, and , ditional
f I..... , - .1. .. ' ... j i:. t:. ..... .1 . . .
r" ! . i a f - i . i . - - i
tie uuicera aim j uw.o w ui winter xtwr iuho ui twus ui i-uis treaty, nas oi course aesircd to 1 cisl
Southern Central America, and Jim entire territory of see it executed in good faith by both parties, j had
toft, and Aosct- earn, woum inencerortn enjoy compje'e ih- ana :n tne aiscuss:on. therefore, has not onb-fid
by twenty-! nty under it were unreservedly relinquished j government of lilurope. j The complicity of those officers, in an under
iff oiganized asiby the biipulations ot the convention: and The British eoverusneut. in 'If W mm. U,v;n .kU Lm i.- .i;.i.j u
thut no aommion was thereafter to be assumed '
' ' .Jli ! drt u . rar51 marica oy truest ;
I f : - . . 17 i 1 tT . i
. Mu,luiT,Anr. iU
o clear was the tra,"t"", lu" v?
n crr-oad -ivx
convention, it was distinctly exnrassengj
the mutual covenant' ot non dec
not intended to apply to tlie British
ment at the Baltic. This qualification
ne ascnoea to tne lact, that, m virtue flBMKUbat, with Wreat
treaviw nun previous eovure
the country, Great Britain had 0
I'-C'tUcff the. rbbi to cnL toe'w i i
dye-wood? at the Balize, but with nc4itMs4riraiot in undoteriaiuoVitn'out in-
elusion of all domain or sovereignty ; and ;
thus it confirms the natural construction and ;
understood import of the treatv as to all the
regarded the JJahze as her absolute domain,
and was gradually extending its limits at the j
expense of the State of Honduras ; and that
she had formally colonized a considerable in- J
sular group known as tbe Bay Llands, and j
belonging of right to that State. j
All these act or pretensions of Great I
Britain, beiug contrary to the rights of the ;
caws ui ucuui xuucrivHi, huu to me luniu-.
fest tenor of her stipulations with tbe United j
States, as understood by this government, ;
have been made the subject of negotiation '
through the American Minister iu London,
W. ...... ... I ......... I A ... ... I . . I .
I transmit nerewitn the instructions to mm
on tne suqject, ana ttie correspondence oe-
twecn him and
that the two gov
irreconcileably as to the construction of the j
convention, and its effect on their relative I
relations to Central America. . f
Great Britaiu so construes the convention
as to maintain unchanged all her previous pre-
-. . v.v-
tensions, over ine iHosquito coast, are round-!
ed on the assumption of political relations
between Great Britain and the remnant of a
tribe of Indians on the coast, entered into at
a time when tho whole country was a colonial '
. . Ti ... .
possession of Spain. It cannot be success 1
the British Secretary for j laws of war, tho usaees of nations, or special nutA for ti;ni tha ,.e gu ;
, by which you will perceive I treaties, may impose; ahd it is our sovereign j riverg and m01Hhs of rivers on the coasts of
ermnents ditter widely and ncrht .tnar. our territory ana juri.sciiction snail Uun iTn;d jea nnA iU. h.i.m, v..k
fully controverted, that, by the public law of t transportation ; and altbough, in so doing, the
Europe and America, no possible act of such ; indivinual citizen exposes bis property or per
Indians or their predecessors could confer on ! sons to some of the hazzards of war, his acts do
Great Britain any political rights. i not. involve any breach of national neutrality,
Great Britain does not allege the assent of 1 nor of themselves implicate the government.
Spain as the origin of her claims on the Moe- j Thus during the present war in Europe, our
quite coast. She has, on the contrary, by j citizens have without national responsibility,
repeated, and successive treaties, renounced ; therefore, sold gunpowder and arms to all buy-
and relinquish J aU pretens! -is of her own, 1
and recognized the full and sovereign rights
of Spain in tlie mo?t unequivocal terms. Yet
these pretensions, so without solid foundation !
iu the beginning, and thus repeatedly abjured, i provisions and munitions of war to the pnnci
were, at a recent period, revived by Great pal sent of military operations, and in bring
Britain against the. Central American States, ing home their sick and wounded boldiers ; but
tbe legitimate successors to all , the ancient ! such use of our mercantile mariue is not in
jurisdiction of Spain in that region. They j terdicted either by the international, or by
wore first ...applied only to a defined part of the j our municipal law, and therefore does not
coast of Nicaragua, afterwards to the whole compromit our neutral relations with Russia,
of its Atlantic coast, and lastly to a part of ( But our municipal laws, in accordance with
the coast of Costa Rica ; and they are now '. the laws of nations, peremtorially forbid, not
re-asserted to this extent, notwithstanding the j
encasements to the United States. I
On the eastern coast of Nicaragua and j
Costa Rica, the interference of Great Britain,
thonch exerted at one time in the form of
militarv ocounafion of the ixirt of San Juan !
1 Norte, then in the peaceful possession of ,
appropriate authorities of the Central i
American States, is now presented by her as
tViA riirhtfnl eY.vMw. nf a. TimtwtoiV)in aaspir
the Mosquito tribe of Indians. of one might be fitted out in this country to
Bat the establishment at the Bahze, now ' depredate on the property of the other, all
reaching far beyond its treaty limits into the i such fears have proved utterly groundless.
State of Honduras, and that of the Bay I Our citizens have been withheld from any
Islands, appertaining of right to the same such actor purpose-by good faith, and by re
State, are as distinctly colonial governments j spect for the law.
asvthoee of Jamaica or Canada, and therefore ' While the laws of the Union are thus per
contrary to the very tetter as .well as tho ; emptory in their prohibition of the equipment
airi& oi the convention with the United or armament of belligerent cruisers in our
States, as it was at the time of ratification; ports, they provide not less absolutely that no
and now it, undert,od by this government. ' Won .shall, within the jurisdiction of the
The interpretation wtox the British go-
the conveatirm, entirely
all obligations, it in a great measure releases
rcai jDricam irom inose wnico couuiicuum
. ....... . i.
ounideration ot this government ior en-
tering into convention. It is lmposstDlo, in
W"ent. for Jnited t0 ac"
qUJ03e,. m euca a construction ot the respec-
. gon rone wod call bytliis government upon
iirftat jjntain, to abide by and carry into
Tiseu enoct the stipulations of the convention ac
rave de- j oordinu to its obviona imnort. bv withdrawing
fro;u th0 possession or colonization of portions
ot tUe Central American States of Hondurss,
vernment has at JensUi repliod, affirming, that
the oneratimi nf thn tvntxtv
require ureat xlntain to
anjr prssessions held bv:
MNs over thf. Quest ion of the rights of Great
.Dntaiu, real or supposed, m Uentrai Ameri
ca, and assumes that she had such rights at the
. date of the treatv.
J J iL - . . . . 1 . .
; prcawiuua mo proteciorsnip Ot tlie i10SquitO
; Indians, the extended jurisdiction and limits
of the Bahze, and the
colony of the Bay
Wands, and thereupon proceeds, by implica-
tion, to infer, that, if the stipulations! of the
ft....... t. . XL.. r ,4 y
tion, to mier, that, it the stipulations' of the
, wvc. .j ia- mvicy luiure in euccs, vrreai
j Britain may still continue to hold the con-
J tested portion of Central America. The
' United States cannot, admit either the infer -
fence or tne premises. W o steadilv deny that
! rendered by tho convention,
j This government recogni2i
gni2ing the obliga-1
ts, which we micht assert, indencndant.lv
cf the treaty, in consideration of our aeo-!
graphical position and of other circumstances, !
which cic.ite.for us ivUHAns in fl,
American istates. dif&rmif;
mtimeation. ahhnno-h l-,f;n
ot the United atates, still declare? that it sees :
rights ol the United btates, yet actuated bv j
the came desire Which is avowed bv the i
Tt,.::.',. . i . ,,
,"4V, j5fusu uu remove an causes :
of serious misunderstanding between the two 1
twuun or ooui racL,
iienauons ass.w-ia.aBtt by so many ties ot mterest ;
,oa kmdre rt has appeared to mc proper j
consider an anpfeable solution of the
ason to apprehend
e actual occu-
nf tVr aJicTmrrl f nrvi tnriaViiiW the
( trfi-itv therefore aracticallv nnD. so far as Vo.
car ls oar rights, this international diflicultv
volvine m serious danger the friendly rela-
tions, "which it is the interest as well as the !
duty of both countries to cherish and ore- i
induced her to make, to draw recruits from
the United States. J
It is the traditional and settled policy of j
the United States to maintain impartial neu- j
trality during the wars, which from time to
time occur among the greit powers of tbe j
worid. Performing all the duties of neutra-1
lity toward the respective belligerent States, :
..... I. I . . . L. .. .... ... ........ I
o way reasouauty .uew 10 iuik- j
fere with our lawful enjoyment of its benefits.
Notwithstanding the existence of 6uch hosiili-'
ties, our citizens retain tbe individual right ;to
continue all their accustomed pursuits, by I
iano. or oy sea, at nome or aoroaa, suojecr,
oniy to sacn resincuons in mis reiuuon us ine
not be iiivaded by either of the belligerent
parties for the transit of their armies, the
operations of their fleets, the levy of troops
for their service, the fitting out of cruisers,
by or againat either, or any other act. of inci-
- - - - . . , 97 ,
nouno.. t w,,
ouues win uimw uu o-.ruuujBuinues auirt nucr.
In pursuance of this policy, the laws of the :
United States do not forbid their citizens to
. .. tm. . i
sell to either ot the belligerent powers, articles
contraband of war, or to take munitions of
or soldiers on board their private ships for
,,. . , 1 ...
ers, regardlew of the destination of these ar-
ticlcs. Our merchantmen have been, and .
still continue to be largely employed by Great
Britain and by France, in transporting troops,
only foreigners, but our citizens, to fit out,
within the limits of the United States, a ves-
sel to commit hostility against any State with j
which the United States arc at peace, or to in
crease the force of any foreign armed vessel
intended for such hostilities asainst a friendJv
Whatever concern may have been felt by
either of the belligerent powers, lest private
armed eniisors. or other vessels, in the service
OnKod states, miw, or enter himself, ergo
prith the intent to be Unlisted or entered in
W am it noiasmtaWne service ot any ioren am), ettner as a
a marine, or seamen on board of
of war, tetter-of-marque, or priva-
iQose enactments are also in strict
the law of nations, which de
te lias the fucht to raise tmtmm
rvioe in anotSer State, without
that, whether forbidden by
or not, the very attempt to do
conscut, is an attack on tbe
he public rights and tbe mnni-
cipal law o
tbe United States, no solicitude
on the snbk
as entertained bv this irovei n-
year since, the British Parlia-
aot to provide for the cniist
ts in the military service of
ment of fore
othincr on the face of the act, or
in its public
tory, indicated that the British
poposed to attempt recruitment
in tbe UnitedVtates; nor did it ever give in
timation of su intention to this government.
It was a matterVf surprise, therefore, to find,
subsequently, tt the engagement of persons
within the Uniad States to proceed to Hali-
fax, in the iJntisa province ui
and thore enlist il the service of breat JJrit-
. V.. lJf1 nm J
am, was going on wxieiiwveiy, jb
no disguise. Ordinary legal steps were inn- i
mediatelav taken to arrest and punish parties
concerned, and so put an end to acts infring
ing the municipal law and derogatory to our
sovereignty, meanwnue suuunw rrewtuw
tion. ou the subject W
tempt to i his oountry origi
nated with it, or at least had its approval and
sanction ; but it also appeared that the public
agents engaged in it had "stringent instruc
tions" not to violate the municipal law of the
It is difficult to understand how it should
have been supposed that troops could be raised
here by Great Britain,
j municipal law. The i
, . . T
without violation of the
j municipal law. The unmistakable dbject of
tbe law was to prevent every snrii act, which,
i if performed, must be either in violation of
the law, or in studied evasion of it ; and. in
1 either alternative, the act done would be alike
inmrious to the savorcirnitv of the T'nited
tlie meantime? the matter acquired ad-
lmportance, by the recruitments in
I the United states notbems? discontinued, and
j the di5"losure of the fact that thev were oros-
ecuted upon a systematic plan devised by offi-
authonty ; that recruiting rendezvous
been opened in our principal cities, and
depots for tbe reception of recruits establish-
on our frontier; and the whole busiue:ia
fnn -iiir' oil nrnJaT tlrt c.'in.irrluiiin unil Kr i
regular co-operation of British officers, civil
a :i: ii. m.u a :
j-..:r i u : i7. "
attitude of nentraiitv. and disreMrdintr nr
; . J '
These considerations, and i he fact that the
cause of complaint was not a more casual ,-
,., . , . .
currence. a ueiioeraie aesign, entered upon
with full knowledge of our laws and national
policy, and conducted by responsible public
functionaries, impelled me to present the case
to the Jontish uovernment, in order to secure,
not only a cessation of the wrong, but its re
paration. The subject i still under discussion,
the result of which will be communicated to
you in d'ie time.
I repeat the recommendation submitted to
Ve Jast U
that provision heaofeie tor
tion with Great Britain, to survey and estab-
lish the boundary line which derides the Ter-
ritory of Washington from the contiguous
(governments to act in the matter will increase
the dangers and difficulties of the controversy,
Misunderstanding exists as to the extent,
character and value of the possessory rights of
the Hudson's Bay Company, and the proper-
ty of Puget's Sound Agricultural Company,
reserved m our treatv with Great Britain re-
lative to the Territory of Oresnn I have
. 1 .1 . . ...
reason sooe ue ve tnat a cession ot tlie rights
of both companies to tbe United States, whieh
would be the readiest, means of terminating
-11 questions, can be obtained on reasonable
terras; and, with a view to this end I nresent
the subject to the attention of Congress.
American provinces, has been organized, and
has commenced its labors; to complete which,
there is needed further appropriations for the
service of another scwon.
Li pursuance of the authority, conferred by
a resolution of the Senate of the' United States,
paescd on the 3d of March last, notice was
given to Denmark, on the 14th day of April.
of the intention of this Government to avail
itself' of the stipulation of the subsisting con
vention of friendship, commerce and naviga
tion between that Kingdom and the United
States, whereby either party might after ten
years, terminate the same at the expiration of
one year from the date of notice for that pur
pose. The consideration which led me to call the
attention of Congress to that convention, and
induced tho Senate to adopt the resolatitin refer
red to, still continues in foil force. Tbe "coir
mention contains an article, which, although it
doCi? dircetly engage the United States to
suumii io mo imposition oi toiw on the ves
sels and cargoes of Americans passing into or
from the Baltic Sea, daring the continuance of
tbe treaty, yet may, by possibility, be tonstru-
ed as implying such submission. The exac
tion of these tolls not being justified by any
principle of international law, it became the
right and the duty of the United States to re
lievo themselves from the implication of en
gagement on the subject, so as to be perfectly
free to act in the premises in such a way as
their public interest and honor shall demand.
I remain of the opinion that the United
States ought not to submit to the payment of
the Bound dues-, not so much because of their
amount, which is a secondary nutter, but be
cause it is in effect the recognition of the right
of Denmark 'to treat one of the great maratuae
highways of nations as a closed sea, and the
navigation of it as a privilege for whieh tribute
may be imposed upon those who hare occasion
to use it.
This Government, on a former occasion, not
unlike die present, signalised its determination
to maintain tbe freedom of the seas, and of the
Seat natural channels of navigation. The
aroary States had, for a long tim co reed
the payment of tribute from aS nations, whoa
ships frequented the Mediterranean. To the
last demand of such payment made by them,
the United States, although suffering km
redatiouf then many other nation.
wm rapuoi. answer, that we preftr
ibute, and thus opened the way tothj
the commerce of the world fo
. '.rtltll-'11 'jggJl Vwn, bv the admi,s
Thf MnHMMIM irhioll thnt fl-nof .r
laf i'i Mia,
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