Newspaper Page Text
THE MtlNClPLES WE COMBAT. i Tory Federalism of 1?!0, and Hartford Convention Federalism of liiemicni witn "wiiifir i ecierausi" " candid iinui cn longer be deceived AM'IENT FEDERAL MAXIMS. lallfrcc countries, that PROPERTY "The people in all nations arc natu-! SHOULD GOVERN.'.' Member of rally divided into two sorts the gentle men and the timplemen the latter sig nifying the common people, such as farmers, mechanics and laborers, and the former the- richer portions, and those born of more noted families." Jons Am ms. the Hartford CoNVKNTibxt '! uniilil not vntr for thin nnnroDria- "I contend that the English govern- tion rforthe defence of the country during the war, if the enemy's cannon were battering down the walls of the Capitol."-DAMEL Webster. 'That man who hojds in his hands the subsistence of another, will always ment is the most stupendous fabric ofj nc aDc (0 control his will. Such a per- human wisdom." John Adams. 'The POOR .are destined to labor and the RICH arc qualified for supcri- "Lct the government take care of the rich, and the rich will take care of the POOR.-Daniel Webster. "Daniel Webster is a living evidence that God made man after his own im age." A toast by the Whigs of Colum bus. "We think we know enough of the Canadian people, to know that inde pendence of the mother country would not brine any blessings witli it. Our or stations." John Adams. "I have well considered the subject, and am well convinced that no amend ments to the articles of confederation, can answer the purpose of a good gov ernment, so Jong as the state govern ments do, in any shape, exist. Alkx ASDBn Hamilton. "I believe the British government forms the best model the world ever produced." Alexander 1 1 a m i lto s. "All political communities ought to be divided into the FEWand the MA NY the first arc THE MASS OF THE PEOPLE." AiBxiSDua Ham ilton. 'The people arc turbulent and chan ging; they seldom jujg?, or determine' right. Alexander Hamilfo.v. j "Nothing bat a permanent body ofl legislators J can check the imprudence of Democracy. Alexander Hamil ton. "See the excellency of the British Executive. He is placed above, temp tation. Nothing short of Such an exe cutive, a king can bo cflicient." Al exander Hamilton. 'I confess the plan of government wliith I propose,- is very remote from the idea of the ,' people " Alexander Hamilton. rtA State government is incompati ble with a general Government." - Judge Read, a noted Federalist of the Cjnv.'.ntion of '87. " "The second branch of the lochia- tare Ought to be composed of men of (treat and LUablishcd Property, an AR ISTOCRACY! men who, from pride, support permanency lotnakc them completely independent, of the peo ple they must be chosen lor life. Such an aristocratic body would keep down .1 a 1 1 J 1 .(- 1 tne turuuiencc oi democracy. . pmcci 'o Mr. Morris, a leading , federalist in tk-z Convention that framed Iks Constitu tion. "There never can be prosperous ' times in this country, until a POOR man, as in England, is obliged to work for a sheep's head and a pluck a day, and lie under a cart at nip;ht."-Senator Newbury, a Connecticut Federalist. "Freeholders are, commonly speak Aug;,, I'ui.uua yj i ouuui, iiuuf iuiu lvijijj- ciatc habits, little disposed to" abifsc povvcr, or to forget right. But what is tiie character of the POOR? Gener ally speaking, Vice and Poverty go hand in hand."-Judg! Van Ness, n no ted Federalist oJVmo York. . "All persons uttering or publishing. or causing to be uttered or published, arty laiso or scandalous matter ol the President of Congress of the United Slates, shall be fined two thousand dol lars arfd impnso'ned tw5 ycars."-JoHN Adam's sedition lute, J'Ts there in human affairs an occa sion of profligacy more shameless or more contagious than a GENERAL ELECTION! Every Spring gives birth and gives wings to this bPlDiv MIC MISCHIEF." Fisher Ames,' a Imdxng federalist. "Our Constitution is no better than nny other piece of paper, nor so good ai a blank on which a more perfect one could be written. -iisiiER Ames. "Our Federal RcDubKc was inani (estly founded on a mistake; on the supposed existence of sufficient politi- cal virtue in the people and on the permanency and authority of public morals.' -r isher Ames. . 'Democracy is nr illuminated Hell." FlK!IEH Amec. "It sccin strange that the founders of the Constitution did not make some fcgulutioh' of the right cf suffrage, so as to secure to men otpryrrty their dne weight and influence in fociety: for it pu"ht to bG deemed a fret pnnapte in son will forever be the mature of the goou iccimg u quite as luru.ai iur i-,u one wlio feeds, shelters, clothes and protect!" him. This class of persons la borers and all persons employed at wa- gcs.l would be as subservient to the will rfni fin oj meir employers us persons uj wuvivi -Judge Spencer in thc.V. Y. State Con vent ion. "There is a tendency in the POOR to COVET AND SHARK THE PLUNDER OF THE RICH." Chancellor Kent, in the A. Y. Conven tion. "Those who merely perform MILI TARY SERVICE and labor on the roada, do not ordinarily compose, that cmhs of electors that can he deem ed independent;" & "every man should be exclude I from voting who has not the capacity to give an impartial and inde pendent sulIVage."-Ri'FC3 Kis, a dis tinguished federalist, in the A. Y. Stale Convention. "They the foreign emigrants arc men whose WANTS, if not whose VI CES, have sent them from other states and countries, to seek bread bV Service if not by PLUNDER."-Elisha Wil liams, a distinguished Jcdcralist inlhe J. Y. Convention. "The man who feeds, clothes, and lodges another, has a reul and absolute control over his will. Say what we may the man who is dependent npon ano ther for his subsistence, fi. e. gives his labor or wages is not an independent man, and he will vote in subservience to the dictation of his employer. -Judge Spencer, rrpcat:d in the A. 1. Convention. "Knavery, asociuicd with knowl edge, is a more ft depository of ptwer, than honest ignorance.''' National In- tellicencer, Whig paper i land as it is for her American provin ccs."-N. Y. Whig. "The rabble of Indiana; May they be brought to pay their taxes with sub mission and reverence to their super iors." Toast of the Whig Governor ofl Indiana. "Men who have an interest in the toil only arc allowed to vote in Rhode Island. Our elective franchise is so free, so unchecked, so heedlessly ruin ous, that Americans arc not rulers of thcirown land. Rhode-Island has shown us the value of checks and res traints on this right of voting." A. Y. Star, a whig paper. "The representative should not be palsied by the will of his constituent." John Q. Adams: "Our system (of government) cither through defect of form or execution, af- NDTIIING or whether those possess ed of nothing shall continue to control Lhc dcstiniticH of this great nation.' Circular of the N. Y. Whtgi "The fear of want will best over come these (the poor man's) long stan ding and ignorant prejudices, which have resulted in the present deranged state 6 those institutions (the banks) upon winch arc based the commercial interest of the country." Circular of the N. 1, Wines, "Our wants require a circulation capable of expansion to-day and con traction to-morrow." Gov. Vance. Speaking of the late elections, the N. Orleans True American (Whig) says "Maine is subject to BRITISH INFLUENCE. Pennsylvania to the OBSTINACY of its GERMAN and IRISH population, and Ohio to the IGNORANCE okhe DUTCH Until the RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE is some what RESTRICTED, we shall ever sec misrule ill high places." THE PLANTER. a have received a well written article on Education, .ipied "INCOGNITO," which will appear in our next. It is a source of pleasurable emotion and reflec tion to us, that one so competent has fa ken up a subject so important. The Cre ator endowed man with powers to obtain and retain knowledge, but all he knows or ever can know, ho must Icarn. Matter and mind are tho subjects of his investiga tion and tho only subjects he knows of no other. Speaking of which, Bicon says: "Man, the minister and expositor of na ture, declares, and indeed, knows, just so much of the operations in nature (matter) or in mind, as he has closely observed: more, lie neither knows nor can know." If man possessed intiatt knowledge if he had knowledge that lie acquired not, what could be the necessity of written law?, human or divine. "It could not have been the intention of our Maker, (as Me Ian c ihon says.) to fiitricfce'de by a jaw graven upon stone; that which is written with his own fiuger on tho table of the heart." L1BEKTY, SATURDAY.NOV. 24. 138. ("Letters or communication! addresnccl to the editora of tljo Planter, must bo pout-paid, to ie cure attention. Democratic Candidate lor V. S. Senator, JARIES F.TKOTTEK. TO COPvRESPONDENTS. Xvlon's remarks have been received, they will meet that attention they so well deserve. Tho writer of "Things by their right names" is requested to call and translate the article for us, we cannot understand it. ' BOB" will appear in our next; itisve ry good; wo acknowledge our indebted Our enterprising friend, O. J. Donne! bj, of the firm of Donnella &. Rudd, of his place, has just returned from New York where he laid in a large supply' of New, Fashionable arid Seasonable Goods. They are receiving and opening them at their new Brick Store, Broad St- We have called and examined, and would say to customer?, "go and do likewise." MODERN FEDERAL MAXIMS. "One warning, we hope the Penn sylvania convention will take from the experience of New York; not unduly to enlarge the right of volingi By making that right universal in tins state, the consequence, as a general rule has been, the throwing of the whole politi cal power of the state into the hands of tiiosc wno nave neuuer scanc in mo community, nor knowledge to distin guish between the claims and charac ters of opposing candidates." N. Y. American, Whig paper. "As well raieht a BLACKSMITH attempt to mend a watch, as a 1 All MER to legislate. What mischiefs are sure to be enacted1, when a man, born to nothing but the plough tail, Jakes to' legi slating." Boston Couiueii, a Whig pa per. 8 "It is in vain that men attempt to dis gust! lhc truth; the fact beyond all doubt I, that all the disorders in our political uL'airs" are the general and na- tural consequences vi ueu.-i.is m uiu constitution, and of the "also and vis- ionnrv oninions that Mr. Je.ferson and ... ,... his diacio cs nave been prociaimm; the last 40ycarg."-N. Y. Commercial' Adv., a hix paper. "Bad as wis (lie character of Aaron Burr, his election in preference to Mr Jcflcrson would have been a bfossing to the country ."-New York Commercial Adv. "There are defects in our forniof go vernment, and errors in popular opin ions, which no administration can rec-tify."-NoAii Webster, a liliig leader. "There arc errors of opinion on the subject of republican government, so long cherished, and so interwoven with the habits of thought among our citi zens, that reasoning will not remove or correct ticin."-N. Webster, a Whig leader. uTUe great mass of the people are, and always must be, very incompetent jud gesofthe qualifications necessary for tho chief magistrate of ft great nation." -N. Werstb, a Whig leader. npea trt ihft nutlinr fnr his o-nrulnpafl. linninrr fords no means of prevention against , l., i ,,. i;j,: ; , , 17. , . he may nave leisure nna inclination to writo ronnv mnrn Riirli ni!Mpa. TtnK in "Neither prevention nor punishment I .,: ,lfMn. .k j:.f Ln is in mii mrnne to I LrrAirnrrnn ft nAn n I 13 11 ' . tJ . Pi I no i hA rpnvnn inn I IIia nlhrp got r Mnr. nxr. not to he restraint.!! hv thoir nwn I right impulses, and our system affords ed mon W,U1 ,ne enun8 01 tne nretappio no substitute.". Y. American. 01 wl,lc we nave anyaccounw hot ou "We venture to sufftrest that a eoun- own part, we think Adam had the least try can not be well governed without credit in the affair. He let an innocent some more ellicicnt agency of preven- woman overcome him tion than exists in ours. A. I. Amcri- the devil to deal with. I do wish some can. one of our modern ladies had been in Rvi "It is the dictate of benevolence and lulacc. how she would have out-ireneraled Humanity to sen a poor man, at Micntl s tno cheat sale, into involuntary servitude, nnlil he earns cnou2h to tiav the fine imnosed . .? lit. .. .1 : i e. e t.. n; by tlic court." Klisha IVfiilttesey, whig l"u uul"ur wl a mvor uy ctuidj; congressman from Trumhull, Ohioi on us personally. If ho does not, he rfced "The truth is, the batiks are always not expect to see his article published the strongest when they hold (he least We admit that Judge E. Sm'itB is a public specie, and the country always the man, ana that his acts, (we mean his pub riclicst wiien it nas tne least gold ana Mjc 8,) aro public property; also, that SllVfl. UALTIXOKB -llKOJUCLE, a WUg paper. "Free sulTraue is a curse to any pco pie." Providence Journal, a whig pa per. "It is useless to talk of the inlelli "CASTIGATOR" has been received his attacks on oursclf were unmerited; to say tho least of them, they severed a tie that bound us to him, but they were not unexpected Tho Judge was pledged to pull down the Democratic banner, tha Will the "State Rights Advocate," of this place please to show us tho difference f there is any,) between tho principles as set forth in the resolutions passod by the party, of which it is the mouth-piece, in this county, and those of tho Whigs of the North. Tho Boston Post gives currency to a report that Senator Webster intends re signing his scat: IIO'NT. T. J. WORD. This gontleman has given timely no tlce to his Whig friends, that it is his de termination to decline another canvass. He says, in a letter, "I have thought pro per to make know my determination, at this time, that the Whig Convention, which will be held at Jackson, ihis win ter, may be left free toact without regard tome, in tha selection of candidates." "Much ado about nothing," Nobody would be simple enough to bring his name before that Convention. Tho Whigs are too cun ning for that ; particularly as they are so hard run ni this time Pence of the dcodIc. for the hislorv of wo "er0 0M 10 nolst Dolore "ll "uttered nations cannot present an example of in ,h0 gale.-" Before the fret number sucn toxai want oi intelligence as our ynaac us appeavance, we picagca mmse country now allords. Jsidsev,' tnj. te break u down! Notwithstanding, th X. Com. Adv, (whig.) personal regard we have for Judge Smith, "The time for reasoning has gone by, inclines us to reject tho severe remarks and it is not by ARGUMENT but by of Castigator; at'least, until they are made OUl'l'biliua mat convicuon must a i;lt0 css SCVere. Castigator commen- uc iiiicvu uj.iuu iuc- iiiiiiua ui mo peo ple IN atioh al Ua? Middle s paper. "It is a fundamenta mistake that the people may be t;ovcrncd,or will govern themselves by KbAMJN.' --A leading federalist m A. r. Com; Adv. ces with the early history of the Judge hnws where ho was when John Q. Adams and tho Fdos were waring against Jack son and the people follows him through the w hole labvrinth of his federalism be- If the appeals that may be made to fore Bnd nt that period speaks of his con- thc virtue' morality and intelligence of vertion to Nullification, and his apostacy the people cannot prevail, MONEY from that doctrine, after a vfs'if to South CAN BE USED, and that will obtain Carolina of tho part lie took hi an affair votes anrt iavor where nil other arts ;n which Judge N. Johnson was a princi .urn ,.pp. mmc-i aro luu.m aoortive. - Dal-of his onnoaitioD to the Stato Riaht, rvn( a KMiAnrnrn rt I 11 O 7 - a i i nartv nr Im ftWAnrintr tr AtinntA thmr "The present times arc profitable to candidate. J. J. GRAVF.S. last f,il. nA r 1 .in i i . ' ' .u-Tj HiaHMj, u.u, mcy nave a aecp hig cri ; Byco,,iiancy for their interest in their continuance. 'Bos- . ' . . , . T . ,-v.v Ati.s. ., nnn,r. l,uri' w.uu" wus u,ei;ieu ' iovcmDcr, liT . W lie JKa Zn.. f I V '-rro." "uii, mc iiiiiuciite oi u r;i? avfm trt n ,i,om i, u,. l- bank will ainca to tne aristocracy with . wh he . - . of wealth, and .ot to the democracy of numbers: and this JS more especially man Speech,'11 which made some of the the case with great chartered bank,1 ' i J b 8 BDOUl 10 maKe havin"- crcat power. liiC Jate uank ",m"Ml-was a no-party of thOnited States was pne of this speech, to get votes, descriptiou.' London, Bankcrf Cercu- lar. "Wc believe a National Bank is ex pedient and constitutional." The uni versal federal lwh'g'1 party. 'Upon this election depends the fate of the most influential aud wealthy Eart of the community. It will pro ably decide whether those who have a tangible interest in the stability of government; ia whose hands the whole capital of tho country is concentrated; fchall be REDUCED TO THE LEV. EL of those who are POSSESSED OF All of Castigator's remarks may be true. We know a part to bo so. But he lays it on to tho Judge too severe. Lord hoV it scalds! a perfect blister. It is hard ta know what Smith is or . was; for our own pai't, we look on him now as a good 'Stale Rights WftfcVnone better. Ho hates the administration heartily, and the peoplo, for supporting it ; and like the rest of the party, believes the people un fit for self-government; but unlike most of them, his honesty enough to acknowledge TO OUR PATRONS. The Pincy Woods Planter makos its ap poaraflco to-day, enlarged and (as we think,) otherwise improved in appearance. It would have gtvert us much' p'loasurc to have brought it out in its present form sooner, but circumstances beyond the sphere of our control prevented it. It is now nearly ten months since we pushed from shore, on a troubled sea. And, if, in the history of our beloved, happy Ameri ca, thcro ever was a period more preg nant than every other, with the fate of this republic its future destiny, and even ex istence of our institutions, it was that at which wo commenced the publication of this paper. Tho Democracy here, and in all parts of the country, wero then con tending against that disciplined corps, brought to the field by tho "vested inter ests," to fight their battles. .Tho contest at the time was unequal. Nearly two- thirds of the prosscs of this state, (as in deed was tho caso in every other,) were defending the banks in their unjust sus pension, and aiding them in tho support of Whig principles. (We use the words WAt and Federalist as synonymous.) Headed by bold and talented leaders,-Fed eral aristocracy aided by its thousand banks, was waring against thojgovern ment, the people and tho great principles of human liberty. They had tho hardi hood, at that' time, to say that thoy could prostrate tho government! Their lead ing Journals had the temerity to challenge to tno combat. Ono of their organs used the following language which was echoed by the rest;" "If tho government" has the courage to wago war against tho banks, let -it open tho battle as soon as it pleases w nere will it bo at the end of six months Occunying six feet of ground', with alia stone at iU head, and a snail me at its feet.n ; ' Such avowals as tho above, it was, that startled freemen and led them to exclaim, has it came to this! Must tho government of our choice be prostrated!! Will a heart- loss band of Shylocks, grown sick by our too much iiidulgcuncc threaten our safe ty!!! And such led to tho establishment of tho Planter. Panic was then sweeping over tho land with the' energy of an epidemic tho clouds rose black and dense from the fen's of Fcdcralwm the magic iufiuenco of con. ccntratcd wealth, was scattering rurn and despair around the country was going down Federalism was rising Whig vie tory on Whig victory, were daily heard, echoing over hill and vale. The Federal ists pronounced Demorracy dead, dead, and juinicd in celebrating tho funeral or gics. The leaders forced themselves se. euro within the porches of the White House, about tho perplexing but agreea ble work of dividing the offices "spoils." In alluding to that lime, well might the lover of his country apostrophize in the following strain: FREEDOM! yet, thy banner torn and FI.V1NU, Streamed liko a thunder-cloud against tho wind: Thy trumpet voice though rokkn 'lwa and DUNii, The loudest still tha tempest left behind; Tliy TREE hud lo-t iU BUM30M3, and lh RIND ciiorKb by tho axi, look'd ro joii, and uttli wobtii; But tile SAP lasts, and still tha SEED wo find, fiown DKF.r even in the bosoh of tub north; Sn hath a better fall less bitter fruit brought forth." Matthew Correy addressed the samo party, tlieri Federalists, now Whigs, ia 1811, in tho following appropriate laa- guago. it is true as Holy writ: , "Your pauty rises, as your country sinks. It sinks as your country rises. This i3 another nw'ful f tct. It cannot fail to rend the heart of every public spirited man among you. For the love of the God of peace ;by the shade of Washington; by that, country which contains all you hold dear, I abjure you to weigh well this sentence; you X1N1v, a8 YOUR COUNTRY rises. Yes it is indubitably so. It is a terrific and appalling truth. And YOU RISE, AS THAT DESPONDING, LACE RATED COUNTRY SINKS. "1 would rather be a dog, and bay the moon," than stand in this odious pre dicament." So it has been with tho same party, (call' them wliat you please, by their fruits shall you know them.) und tut it will ever be. What party ascends as tho couutry ; sinks? Itemombcr last fall. What party is 5 now going down as tho country rises? Oh! Wliiggery!! What wero the periudj f nt which they gained partial triumulisf Were they not those when tho country suffered? . , The Federal organ in this place took the first nolico of the Planter that we saw ia j print, in which it pronounced Van Burca ism dead : 'I talked of tropes, And by its fears expressed its hoped," that we could not succeed "in resuscitat ing the dead course of Van Uurenisin." ; President Vail Burcn ia not quite dead yet, and that is not all, ia not likely to be soon; to use a sentiment of his own, "tiie sober i second thought of the people, Mftrj. wrong, and always efficient." We never doubted the intelligence of tho people, alwnvs believed that as soon as a fair is sue could bfljnadc, an 1 tho country begil to rise, Whiggcry would go- down. " h" they might have been aware of had thej consulted their own past history. ; Wo are now able to congratulate our y readers. on tho present etalo of things the prospects of democracy are bright. Tho shadowy wing of Federalism is wi drawn-the bright rays of Democracy t again- gilding the political horizon A sovereign voice of tho pooplo has been heard imperatively the basks aro forced to resume business is again flowing " its wonted channels that great desidera tum, tho Sub-Treasury, is in opcration the divorso exists tho exchanges W healthy the currency returning tosount ncss the country must prosper Wtof gcry go down, and wo sustain the folk" ing Democratic Creed: "No Law but written law. no caWI ment of the Constitution by corntj tion ; no more revenue than is nccei-; sary to defray the expenses of an ecofr s omic-al Government; no shackles up t the liberty of Speech nr the Vrcaf National' Bank;- an enlarged P basis for (ho mrronrv: imnartial Iff? I laion; religious freedom; union out consolidation; State rights fft iuiuication;ana a roiorm oi iu " ing" System."