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jp -jm- .r wm f ,J5. YKIIM3.- the first, aad Tim Cirri ttX svery o sequent Insertion. No adverlisoroesrt will be Insert ere onee, for leas Uiaa Two Douj.nu .-.j ......'' Persons' aondlnj advertisement ire requested to mark on them the a am bar of time they deire them to be inserted, otherwise the will be continued until forbid, and accordingly charad. A liberal deduotion will bo mad la) persons who advertise by tho year..' Or BVKBT MCKIPTIOif " JJEATLY ANf EXPEDIT10USLT , EXECUTED I-;:' r,: :, ALSO: ' Juaticea' and other Blanks for Bale at this Office. . titp. piNP.Y wnnns pi.intpp - Jfifl 6 fitbUskei ev&if Saturday J. TOTHILL an J A.. II. HALL. Tk prloe will be 1 Fit DoiXAas per . annum it paid in advance, or Six Douj. if nut paid until tho end of tlio year. ' All payments mado villi in Ibe firat three monthi will be considered a in advance. ' Mo euuncriplion roceived for a lea po- -. riod than twelve month; nor disenntin- . ued until all arre irogea are paid. A faii e to notify a discontinuance of the paper will be considered at a new en gagement. ' ' - f ' ADVERTISEMENTS , Will be chargsd at the rate of On S.i.i a for eve'vr tn linot or under, for ft :-..- tmtaa aas onlt two nan ef oovaasMSirr, oh or, 1KB tn OTRia ores Tiiij riori.t;wi nva awoan to svrroaf m troaam anb orroesj th lattc. VOL. -I. LIBERTY, MI., SATCRD AT u tiStXCf, JANlAuV 10, 1839 NO. 48. C&SUfcJCe - The events of tin ;.anl calculated to awaken our i. Bt:ri. ? ia 1 season was .unpropit-io- JaaaJblSr1 Iirctinn"8rt much enhanced by thd d(jrosi- ni on nt niir riirrpnrv. na 10 ieavo nuincniii prr fits t- tho Planter. We have, howrev r, bien blessed by the Giver of all Gid, with an ubunilant harvest of ffrain and the enj jyment of better health than usu al. Penury is unknown in the land the elements of our' wealth remain-sunwise legislate n has broiilit ph usa greatca lamity. ' Fr about two years tho planter and merchant have alike suffered. Every indication warrants us in expecting better times confidence is nearly restored. Most of our banks have resumed specie pavments, and the residue will be com pelled to follow the example or to close their business. The price of Cotton has advanced fu'ly fiftv ner cent., and the crop of last year will, no doubt, sell for bb much as that of 1837. A sound currency will greatly di minish the cost of its production." Indus try, prudence and econon-imy will Foon relieve tho distresses of the country. Ex- ! . L . . . I . . ,.M e.liiln.ii Ifr-a.n . and it is incumbent upon us to guard a piinpt the rt er.rrence of evils, similar t those which have afflicted the country for ' the past two venrs. ; " Out amended Constitution lias been in operation about Ux years. . More Jibcral in iti provisions than thuso of our sister States, it leaves to tho people the periodi cal election of all their officer!", ancPhns realized the expectations of its fromers. Our Judicial and Executive officers are ful ly cq i' 1 1 ) those chosen in a diH'prent man- - ner. Nt co e ot laws has yet De:n enact ed to carry m tits provisions, and many of. its inj in: tions have uecn msregnruuu. Trore;ty qulilificatiuns having been rcpu- diateil, ana a Fnnri retnueueo uuj iiiuhiiu me beinir the sole oassoorts to the ballot box, and to ofiice, it is essential to our hap piness and the preservation of our liberty, to provide sudicient means and proper in ducements to ensure the education of eve ry child in the State. Our resources are amnlc. and everv citizen is interested in the intellectual advancementof those who . will. Iipronftfir. control the destinies c I the country. CnmiUrm schools should bees . t. 1 I tTX : tauilDIieu ill every m".5 cient number of scholars to authorize the .c cmnlovmentof a teacher. The children of tho rich and the poor could there acquire learning auflicient to qualify them for the ordinary avocationsof life, free of charge. A little tax on the property in the town- ship, together with tho funds ariiing from the rent of :he 8-hool sections, and tho Litcrirv Fu id.a'readv distributed, would be amply su iicient to defray the expense, i The cons.it ilion enjoins upin m the en- .coungement ot scnoois, nnu rmiiiires ub provide tho means of education. ' me tSBiunmry a' nnu '"" - - ' three hundred and fourteen thousand one hundred and forty-six and twenty-four hundredths dollars, exclusive of interest and a half section of land. This fund has accrued from tho sale of thirty fix sec tions of land, donated by. the General Go- , vernment to the State. , The notes nr, generally, well secured, but many of them have been long under protest. Thoy are deposited in the Planters' Bank, and the Auditor of Public Accounts is entrusted with their collection. The late Auditor, T..hn II M.illnrv. has embezzled a portion of the fund, and it is requisite that further provision be made for its eecurityt;. i no aovmu nf ihr. irrnnt seem to forbid a divi sion of the fund, and the best interests of the State require the immediate esiaousn ment of the Seminary. It should bo loca ted in a salubrious and healthy situation, where living is cheap. A eulhcient amwni could be realized, the presont year, to e rect suitable buildings. Two hundred dollars mwht bo retained, and . the interest used to pay- the Professors, : and other incidental expenses. In a few , years tho University would furnish an am nio buddIv of cood teachers for our Free Schools. "Unless the University is speedi ly established, or tho law providing for the collection of tho fund changed,a large por tion of it may bo lost. Many of the draw crs of tho notes are dead, and others have removed out of the State. Tho wholo fund could be safely managed by tho Regents of tho University. Sectarian and party Influence should be guarded against, and tho benefits of tho Institution forever s j .urd to everv portion of the pcf.plc of the St.te. The immense sums annually ex pended abroad by our citizens, in tneedu miinn nf thnir children, takes away much f . r ,.. .rwt niM.rnta Inluriouslv on Governor 't CenXerrr.nofthfS'.':- w' our woiiare. ouuniiuuo be found in our own borders as elsewhere, and education can bea cheaply obtained. Our youth should never be far mnpved from parental superrigion pat riot lm, no U3 t!"r,-nf)mv,urjirea upon us tho tii ifr, , .'f J5-4r children ai home.. In v9f? ,o i.'vVnge8 wpressiuns ore iia.du IS.f!;JiontjSf' la,tyUtdt1otr" of oW 'foL and daughter's. JefTersrn College 'is the oldest institu tion, of the kind, in the State. It is well endowed, but has never been in a very flourishing condition, and for some time past has been closed. Eminent Professors have lately beeii elected to take charge of tho institution. It is to be hoped that it may yet flourish, and send forth scholars useful to the Slate, capable of adorning any station and of emulating the fame of the illustrious statesman whose name it bears. The correspondence herewith sub mitted, will place you in possession ot tne present situation of the college. The pro perty owned by the institution amounts to the sum of two hundred ana torty-eignt thousand seven hundred and forty-eight dollars and thirty-nine cents. A sufficient amount is available to place it in a situa tion to be eminently useful to the State. The hiah literary attainments and tinble- mishod integrity of the President and Pro- f. ssors chosen to conduct tne conege, win soon place it on a permanent bat is. The charter makes the Governor of tho State ex-officio President of the Board ofTriis tecs. I was present at the meeting of the Doard on the 27thof October last.and aid ed in the selection of tho present faculty. It affords me ercat pleasure to be able to inform vou that a lanre majority of the trustees are decidedly opposed to placing the institution under sectarian influence; and all of them are resolved to diffuse the benefits of tho institution, as far as practi cable, to every portion of the State. The circular herewith transmitted, will show that it is tno determination of tho Board to educate, annually, five students, at the expense of the institution, and to give tu ition to fifty-eix others. The plan adopt ed wiil secure equal advantages to every county in the State. Suitable measures will, no doubt, be taken to protect those students from insult; and we may fondly hope that some of them may, hereafter, fill the most exalted stations in tho common wealth. Learning, ialcnts an I integrity are the only passports to offico in a free go vernment. Two vacanciel exist in the Board of Trustees, which it will be your dutv to fiil one of them was occasioned by the decease of Col. Joseph Sessions, who was long a resident, and filled many high offices, both under the Territorial and State Governments he was a most worthy and estimable citizen, and aided as. a memberofthe Convention in framing the Constitution of the State in 1817. Most of the sages of that Convention have lipr-n leathered to their fathers, and left tho dostinies of tho country in the hands of those who were then strangers to the soil. Thev left us the rich legacy of a free government, and it is our solemn duty to transmit its blessings to posterity. Oakland College, endowed by private munificence, is in a prosperous condition. Mile and female academics are in suc cessful operation in Sharon, Columbus, Ib.Hv Siii-incs. Port-Gibson, and several other placesthey are crowded with scho lare, and afford thp means of acquiring n good education as cheaply as in any other State. Mifsissij.pi College, located at Clinton, in a healthy region and central nituation. ncccssable to awealthy portion of the State, was once, in a flourishing condition. It has received some aid from tho State, but of late has not prospered. I roenminpnd all those ooiletresand acade mies to tho fostering care of the legisla ture. Money expended in the great cause of education is never lost. Learning aids an A sustains the possessor, when fortune and friends forsake him. A geological survey of the Stato is wor thy of your consideration. - Our mineral resources are unknown, but it is believed that a ffreat abundance of iron ore can be found." A demand now exists for rock to construct our railronos, and but little ot it can be had with convenience. Invetstiga- tion would brinir to light various roeks and minerals, which could be turned to a pro fitable account. . A topographical survey is also desirable. Means may be discov to reclaim several millions ol acres rich alluvial land now subject to annual inundation. By tho construction of Le vees, opening and straigntening the vari ous Bayous, and tlearing off the timbei and exposing the whole surface of the low lands to the action of the eun, a great por tion of our swamp lands may be rendered ....niirln of cultivation. . The eighth section of the seventh arti cle of the Constitution proviaes, mat ,- uu money from the Treasury shall be appro priated o objects of jpternml improvement, unless a bill, for that purpose, be approv ed by two thirds of both branches of (he legislature. It is to be lamented that such an anti-republican provision should have been incorporated in our furtdamen tal Law. It denies to thffjjority their i most sacred rights, and puts' H la' the pow er of the few to retard the improvement of the country.' 1 wstfuIlvcyMe4d' ttafyou propose to the people a change of that odious section. The whole State is intersected with large rivers, containing no rapids, and it is only necessary to cut the logs from their beds, and tho pendant trees on their banks, to make them navigable, for a great por tion of the year, by steamboats, and the whole year by keel boats: navigation could be had in every portion of the State, and no one would have to haul his products far, in order to obtain transportation to the beiX markets, and procure his neces sary supplies. A bale- of cotton can be freighted a thousand miles, on a steam boat, as cheap as it can be carried thirty miles on a rnilroad. Five hundred thous and dollars judicially expended in clearing out the various rivers and creeks in the Stato would be of more real benefit to the people than the construction of all the rail roads now in progress of completion. Those who are so fortunate as to be situated near g od navigatioK ought net deny the means necessary for tho acquirement of equal ad vantages to other portions of the State. Itailroaps aro of great convenience, and always benefit the cities at their termina tion, but all experience proves that they never can come in competition with steam or keel boats in the transportation of bulky! or heavy articles. The railroads now in progress of com pletion are deserving of your favorable consideration. The Vicksburg and Jack- scn Hail Road will be completed during the present year, and the Mississippi Rail Road is advancing rapidly to completion. These companies have prosecuted their several works in good faith, and, consider ing tho pressure of the times, have done much. Tho Grand Gulf and Port Gibson the St. Francisville and Woodville, and tho Mississippi and Alabama Rail Road Companies, have prosecuted their several works with but H:t!e vigor, and the vari ous other Rail Road and Banking Compa nies, have not even commenced the im rr -moments they are required to make. Bunking seems to be their entire object and only care. Thoso companies striving to construct the great improvements they ! have undertaken, duserve your aid. No taxes should bo imposed upon ihem, ami it deserves consideration, whether the cre dit of tho State should not be brought to their relief. Ouo of the Rail Road Banks already has been wholly, and ethers par tially, relieved from making roads. This policy is clearly wrong. Waking puoiic improvements has always been the pre tence for obtaining such charters, and in strict justice, exemptions from the burth en should not be tolerated. The blending of Banking and Internal improvement, will, in the end, prove injurious to the stockholders and the State. I have never favored the scheme, and my best reflec tions have confirmed me in the opinion, that it should bo extended no farther. The State, with her credit, could make all the Rail Roads she requires; the rate of tolls could then be kept under tho control of the Legislature, and when tho profits of the work had indemnified tho State for the cost of construction, the road might be sur rendered to the free use of tho people, or the profits paid into the Slate Treasury. The Law, at present, is a sealed book to the great mass of tho community ; but few even of the judges and other public offi cers, are in possession of all the statutes complete copies are not to be had the unwritten Law still governs our Judges in the adiudicatiou of cases. Tho labor of many years is required to understand what Laws govern us, and we have to em dIov counsel at great expense to vindicate our riirhts. The Codes of Justinian, of Frederick of Prussia, of INapoleon, and of Livinirstoii. prove that Law can be written in intelligible language, reduced to a sys tem, and made capable to be understood bv all who read. In the year 1833, the Letrislature appointed Gen. P. Rutilius It. Prav.to"amend the phraseology of the ex isting statutes, and to prune, correct, and arrange, alter and amend tho provisions thereof, so far as may bo necessary to ren der the Code harmonious tu ttsell, and con sistent with tho provisions of the Revised Constitution." In pursuance of that au thority, a new code was prepared, and sub mitted to the Legislature, two years ago The arrangement ol the work is admirable technical phrases are avoided the lan gurge is plain and intelligible, and any one ablo to read could know the Law that miarantees to him his rights, his propem and his liberty, should tho coda be adopted hv the Legislature. - Strenuous objections have been made to the proposed Revised Statures, by maay who have never read them or studied their provisions. Some are so wedded t black letter books and thesjerrittennr Common Law, as to be unwilling to believe that any improvement cad be made: We live in an age which 'contradicts all such assumptions. ThoCi- viLand Penal Codes of Louisiana have lul-tnirwewA- the desired end, and to ad vance in' tho science of codification, we have only to follow those who have advan ced heforous. Must of the provisions, in Fray's Code, are copied from statutes in other States, which have already received a judicial construction. -..No... difficulty, therefore, could arise in interpreting them -the eminent jurist, who framed the Code, now fills one of our highest judicia stations all doubtful questions would soon be placed beyond dispute. It has too long been tho custom to look for the Law in the opiniens of jurists. The Legislative will expressed, in accordanee with the con stitution, is tl e only Law recognized in a free government. The present is a most auspicious time for the adoption of an en tire new Coi'o of Laws. Fully one half of our population mive recent! - emigrated to tho State, are unacquainted with the existing Laws, and could sooner become familiar with a new Cdo, than the old, for copies of the Code of 1822, are not to hT hnd. Should you, in ymir wisdom, De cline acting on the three first Bo ks of the Revised Statutes, it will be necessary t authorise and provide fir tho re-printing of tho Code of 1822, in order that those officers, now destitute, tmy be supplied. The best intsrests of the State are joopar dized. in conseouence of our public officers hrinir iinaliln to obtain complete setts of ... & . - i tho existing statutes. There is no secu rity for life, liberty, or property, deprived, as the people are, ot access to tne Law s. A ne" Criminal Code, adapted to tno ren itentinrv svstem. will require vour early attention. The state l'risnn is in a rapiu progress of completion, and will bo realy for the reception of convicts, in a few months. The severity of the existing Ctde, and the great number of crimes punisha ble by death, prevent its enforcement Laws that outrage public opinion are but seldom executed the spirit of the age is opposed to hanging, branding, cropping, whipping, ana tno puiory crimes are pu nished for tho sako of the example, and the certainty of conviction is a much sur er preventive of crime, than severity of punishment. ' Having examined with some care the fourth Book of Pray's Revised Statutes, I cheerfully recommend it to vour favorable consideration: with some slight changes, it would tiecure society R- gwnst the aggressions ot tho depiavea, and by ensuring the conviction of the guil ty,operate as a salutary example, and thus deter others from the perpetration of crime. Solitary confinement at hard labor, would have a more powerful effect, in preventing crime, than any other mode of punishment. Tho revisor has wisely recommended, that Murder and Arson, in the Jirst degree, and Treason, alone, should be capitally puhislied, and that executions should take place in the Prison or Prison yard, in the presence of certain officers. The horrid spectacle of an execution effects no good f on the contrarv. it usually excites the sym pathies of tho beholders, and in their eyes' the felon becomes a nnrtyr. Jt a system of Criminal Jurisprudence was so graduat ed, as clearlv to mark out the.vanoiis do grees of crime and affix the appropriate punishment, convictions would. tiecome al most certain, and the majesty of tjie Law be vindicated the Code proposes all these objects, and, in addition, it defines, with great precision, every - species oi crime designates tho manner 'of arresting the accused, and of proceeding in tho trial.' It is uniust to punish those who cannot reaoi lv ascertain what is prohibited.' Under the existing system, it requires a learned law yer, alter .consulting an immense mass ot books, to fimfout tho long catalogue of of fences punishable by statute, and nt; Com mon Law. . . ,v - To prevent, if possiblethe-lawless acts of violence which-have so long gone un punished in the Stato, and to put, down those harpies, who are preying on tne com munity, and wrosting from our citizens their hard earnings at the gaming table, I recommend to your consideration the propriety of giving compensation, in the shape ot tax tees, to toe uismci Attor neys. A certain sum should be taxed in the bill of costs, commensurate with the difficulty of procuring a conviction.to be collected out ot the defendant. A tax fee of one hundred dollars for each conviction would soon drive the Faro Dealers from the purlieus of the Capitol, and from the towns and villages which they have been so long rrobbing. . No additional burthen would be thrown on the State, for tho tax fees, now collected, seldom reach the State Treasury. Furthor legislation is red.iiii.ite in relation to the Criminal Court. The District Attorney of the first Judicial Dis trict is required to attend the sessions of the criminal court, in. four counties, in ad dition to his duties in tho circuit court. The terms of the two courts conflict, and the labors required of that officer are much greater than he can well performIn the event of his absence rom. court ho, is e ojiired tp pay the' compcnsntiAi allowed the person "f-ioifttd to 11 hjs tJk? greater compensation should be allowed than that now fixed by law,, or less labor should bo rcouired. : The Report of tho Joint Committee of . ... . the Legislature on the books and papers ot tho late Auditor, John II. Mallory.nnd the State Funds, is herewith transmitted. It appears that he is a defaultcrto theamoiint of fii'ty-fo' r thousand and seventy-nine dol lars and ninetv-six cenls allfexcept SiJO 58,) on account of Town Lots and the three pr cent. Seminary and Sinking funds. Tho existing law gives the Auditor exclu sive control of the mony arising from the sale of Town Lots and the Three per cent, and Seminnry Funds, and he is also one of tho Commissioners of the Sinking Fund. It was intende 1 that the Auditnrand Trea surer should bo checks on each other; j et by an oversight, more power has been vested in the Auditor thnr perhaps, was intended. Tho trust reposed has been sad ly abused, and he has been enabled, thus long, to "coy coal his defalcations iu conse quence of being most unwisely authorized to receive money which should have been audited and paid into tho State Troasury in the usual manner. Great loosness ap pears to have prevailed in both th Audi tor's & Treasurer's office during the year? 183(1 and 1837. The late Treasurer, C. C. Maysnn, appears to have been in tho habit of receiving money oft ix collectors, and others, without the production "of the Auditor's receipt warrant, jirs required by law. This may exempt the securities, on his load, from lhibilirv, bat it will operate most oppressively on ttie tax collectorsto. be co l polled to pay the money again. The resolution aporoved May 11th, 1937, authorized "tho Stato Treasurer to receive of the several tnx collectors of this State, the notes of all the chartered banking companies of the State of Mississippi, in payment anil discharge of all the warrants issued by tha Auditor of Public Accounts uprn the Treasurer of the State;" and the act aporoved May 2d, 1837, authorized him to receive tho distributive share of the Surplus Revenue of the United Htutes, re- auired to bo deposited with this State. No authority was given him to receive of the Government of the United States any ihiiv but gold and silver, or tho notes ol sjier-io paving banks, yet, in 'defiance of hw.he received payment of the Treasury drafts in such depreciated paper as the Agricultural Bank chose to give him, and deposited a portion thereof in the- Branch of the Commercial and Rail Road Bank of Vicksburg, at Clinton, and the residue in the office of the Planters' Bank, at Jack son. -About two hundred thousand dollars of the money received of the Agricultural Bank, on account of tho Surplus Revenue, was deposited jn the office of the Planters' Biiikat Jackson, and that branch has, ever since the suspension, refused to pay 'out any thing to tho public creditors, but Brandon money. In order that future de falcations may be prevented, I beg leave to recommend an entire consolidation, re. vision, aiid amendment of all the laws in relntion to the duties of the Auditor, Trea surer and Assessors and Collectors. No sufficient reason exists why tho Auditor's bond should not' contain as heavy a penal ty as thfltof tho Stato Treasurer, and he should, in no case, be authorised to receive money on account of the Stato or any par ticular fund. A change should be made in relation to tho method of keeping the ac counts in the Treasurer's otnee monoys paid into tho Treasury on account ot the Li Literary, Three per cent, and Seminary Funds, is liable to be drawn out for tho or dinary exnenses of Government those funds who Id not be diverted from their le gitimato object.' I invoke your particular attention to tne laws in reiuuou io mo ap pointment and duties of Assessors and Col Inr.turs the whole syt-tem heeds amend ment their bonds are insufficient, and not filed in the proper olace the ofiice of As sessor and Collector, in tho large counties particularly, should be severed, and sepa rate bonds given for assessing and for col lectins taxes. When both otlices are uni ted In one individual, a failure to return the assessment roll renders it difficult to hold tho collector responsible for tailing to pay the taxes, he may collect, into tne State Treasury. It is deserving of your serious conider- ntion. whether the embezzlement ot tne nublic money should not be made felony and punishable by imprisonment in the State Prison. '"' ' ' "''- The law prescribing the duties of Auc tioneers requires amendment they intet foro with the regular merchant, and the taxes they are required to pay, from some' the State Treasury. -i The Report of the 'Adjutani Gener al is, herewith, submitted during tha last year rnoit bf - the Uejjments have Been organized our citizen soldiers are awakening to the ; importance of preparinein pc;c forwftrv' The nam- . bw tJtvoiuntt;er companies nave Deert more than doubled, and I feel confident that by- the close of the present year I will be enabled to have every regi ment organized and officered; irt addi tion, it is expected that forty volunteer companies will, by : that time, be arm ed and equipped, ready to march, at short notice, to whatever point danger may threaten, I command these com panies to the special consideration- of the Legislature: composed as they are, of young and- chivalrous gentlemen, ready to face any foe and 1 brave any danger, the country s may confidently rely on them for p o-cction. ' ine ap pointment of an Inctor General is respcel fully recommended, - whose du tyit should be, at least obce in every year, to drill the officers of each regi ment. To obtain a competent Officer, a libcr. l salary will be requisite. Hav ing reviewad a portion of 1 he regimentt last lall, 1 can satcly say, that tne en tire organization of Ihe militia is not impracticable, and tlkt our citizen sol diers are amply - able to protect their homes agatnst tho assujts ot any toe, foreign or domesiic. Three hundred add fifty muskets, belonging to the State,cre wrecked in the barque EI- ly Hand. These guns were purchased iniftc Spring cf 1837, but in conso quefice of the protest of the check giv- enan payment or them, they were noi slipped antil July, 1838. Under the acYofi Congress of 1M08, arms are mx nually furnished" tv the various "fcStatci cause or other, fail to reach oi the Union. Correct returns of ' the ' -strength of ' the Mi'itia of'Hhis State have been made by the Adjutant len- eral to the proper department; and, to future, a 'sulncientqaantity oi arms win be annually obt lined, from the Gener al Government, to fjrnish ten compa nies. 5 In several of the counties the regiments are too large, and some of the brigades could be advantageously divided. The existing militia law is plain and perspicuous frequent chan' ges in the system are always injurious, and it perhaps ' would be well to gite the one now in force! a fair trial. Twen ty-five- hundred copies of the act to Regulate the Militia have been prin ted, and most of them distributed a mong the officers. ; Books of discipline are needed, "and cam not readily be ob tained. During the last fall, represen tations were made to the ' Executive that the lives of some four or five indi viduals were in great danger- that the Indians were resolved to-retaiiate on them for killing one of their tribe tht no organized force in that county exis ted, to aid the civil olbctrs in preserv ing the peace and enforcing the laws. Believing that neither, white men or Indians should be permitted to take the law in theirownhands and revenge their supposed wrongs, 1 considered it my duty to take precautionary mea sures, and be prepared for any contin gency. This had the desired ellect, and the pence of the country was pre served." ' " " .. " ' The Report of the late Stato Trea- surer, j. A. v an noescn, b,sq. and o the fc present Treasurer, Gen. Silas Brown, as well as the , Report of the Auditor of Public Accounts are here with transmitted.. These documents will convince you that the annual, ex penditures far exceed the receipts into the State Treasury, and that retrench ment improvement in the' collection of the revenue or additional taxation must be resorted to. Soon after the appointment of J. A. Van Hoescn, as State Treasurer, I di rected him to call on the legal repres entatives of James Fhillips, for all the books, papers and money belonging to the office. ' He rr ported to me that he counted the money In the iron chest, but that the books of the Treasurer; were not written up, and time was re quired to effect that object, and to as certain whether all the money, found in the safe, belonged to the State Having been informed that no part of the money lound in the safe of the late Treasurer had been piad over to hi .qceeisor, I fejt it my duty to calj Oa i! Ill i I - 1 , 1 i . t S 1 I I I I i. r , . ( v.. V f- ,'