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Tl ?INEy VV0DS PLANTER f im vepubluhed every Saturday J. TOTIIILL and A. Iff II ALL" The price will be Fivi Dollam per annum if paid in advance.-or Six Dolls if not paid until the end of tho year All payment! made within the firm three month will bo c fcsidered at in advance. Nosubsoription received for a lea p0 nod than twr Ve mouths; nor disenntin ned until all arro irages are paid, A failure to notify a discontinuance of the paper will be considered as a now en gagement. ... , r ADVERTISEMENTS 4 - Will be chargod at the rale of Owa Dui.i.Aa for every ten line or under, for THKa aa odtr two sosts or ootmmmiht, onk or, and thi othm ena TUB MOfLEj-W! MAYM IWOllN TO IUFPOKT THa FOK 41.0 OfFOM THK LATTKR. VOL. I. LIBERTY, MI., SATUKDA piOKtfING, FEBRUARY S, 1 839. no. so. THE 'PLANTERi Tuesday, Jan. 29, 1839. Goino it. The PresidentV Message was carried from Washington City, D. C. ,0 ? - , ; f miles, hours, mins, Baltimore, - f. 4Q 17 Now York, , 249 10 ian. to Frederick,, ,. 5 10 Fred, to Wheeling, 223 2G An mo notion. In Florida, a family named Zeppar,12 in number, were brut ally butchered by the Seminole Indians, about the 23d ult., 20 miles from Black - 1. ' nriL ifii . vrceK. 1110 vv nig pnpers say it is a was tage of the rvBHc monev to protect the whites on the frontier against the murder ous results of the Indians! B it what will they not say, if they think it will oper ate against llie popular will and the gov ernment, supported by popular measures? mcy cannot be blind surely to the ne cessity of protecting our citizens an-aiiist the merciless attacks o the savngos, tho tney oppose it. Gew. R. T. Lttxe. Some maxim ma Ker has said, and truly too, that love of truth is always connected with virtue. If this be true, and who can doubt it, those who disregard truth, we must conclude, are devoid of virtue. Some blinded by par ty prejudice, seize on every flying report ana propagate it as truib,: oft,. too, in the absence even of ev&iy shadow of rumor or of truth these contemners of virtue, these base slanderer give currency to the hint? and suggestions of their own foul feverish imaginations when they think they can create or sustain parly prejudice, or by tnat means sever party purposes.. Those, who,either by the position they oc cupy, or the disposition and talents they evince, become lavontes with the peopl , and aid in the support of popular measures or oppose those who are contending fc exclusive privileges, are the subjects of the unprincipled attacks, the'malicious slanders and foul calumny of the fede press. We have a striking illustration of the truth of the above remarks iu the case of the gentleman whose name heads th article. A man who has filled mnny pla- ces of honor, been favored by the suffrage and support of a free and enlightened peo ple. A man, who, even from his political opponents wrests the most honorable ac quittal from the foul abuse heaped on him by the more unprincipled of a sinking and dispondmg party. ; The Cincinnati Whig, a bitter Federal print, gives the following flat contradic tion to the charges of its brother papers (to the Advocate of bank federalism and foul slander, of this placo, with the rest, that have, with go much eagerness, sought to destroy the fair reputation of this gen tlemen, for party purposes. But hear whnt the Whig, that is published in the same piece where he resides, and that ha? always opposed Mr. Lytle, says: ; "Several of the whig papers have, of late cnarged our worthy; lei low citizen, Kobert 1 . M tle, Lsq., with being a de. faulter to the government for forty thous and dollars j and the Pittsburg Advocate of tho dlHh Uctober, in remarking upon who will probably be ejected United States Senator by the administration party, and obj acting to the election of Mr. Lytle, ho nas neen nominated lor tnat oihce, says, ne is a aetumter to tue amount ol $10,. 000.' v "Now, we wish to inform tho editor of the Advocate, and all otheis, that Mr. Ly tle is not a defaulter to the government for one cent, and that his accounts have been fully aud honorably settled. "Owing to Mr. Lytio's confiding and liberal character, always trusting too much to the honesty and punctuality of others, a balance appeared against him for a short time, on the books of the government; but directly after this balance was ascertain ed, and so soon as Mr. Lytle could effect a full adjustment of his accounts with the public officers at Washington, all demand against him on the part of the government were promptly settled, and Mr. L. has now full ana honorable acquittance. "This much we consider due to justice, as well as to Mr. Lytle- who, though a political opponent, is a most worthy and talented gentleman, and whose election to the United States Senate, would. v,-. lieve, bo more acceptable to the people of ino state generally, than any other admi nistration man.' the first, and Fim Cr ifor very sub tcV'lnt nortion. - No advertisement will be Inserted even ence, for leu than Two Dollars - Persons sending advertisements art requeued to mark en them the number of times they desire them to be inserted, otherwise they will be continued untir forbid, and accordingly charged. A liberal deduction will be made to persons who advertise by the year, , OF EVKRY DESCRIPTION NEATLY AND EXPEDITIOUSLY ; EXECUTED Gen. Qpithan. The following letter from Gen. Quitman was written in answer to one from Messrs. Bole and Shackleford, of Holmes county, In this state. The grounds now occupied by this gentleman are those occupied by the Democrats; the measures opposod by him are federal. The hoco poco presses, as might be expec ted, are down on him Conservative Fed eralists, State Rights Federalists, Blue Light Federalists all sorts & complexions ol Whig Federalists, join in the holy woik of traducing Mr.Quitman.and that because he advocates a Treasury that will be out of tho reach of stock jobbers and unprinci pled speculators. Go on, Quitman, in the good cause, aid in expelling tho "money changers" from the political tempel. It is not too late yet to save the country. Then join.heart aud hand with the Demo cratsthe true State Rights mew. to check the trrowinff Dower and Krrntrani claims of stuck jobbing bankites, shavers, and all such speculators. Their attempts to grasp political power by forcing on us their chedit instead of a good currency, must be met and defeated. We are de taining the reader from the Gen.'s letter, the subject matter of which, together with the high character and standing of the au thor, has many and great claims on the at tention ol the public, and is sought for with avidity by readers of all nnrtif. - - , ... A'atchez December I3A, 183S. gentlemen: Un mwrefnrn fm Vkkburg, several days since. I rcerit ed your communication, requesting my opinions upon soms of the leading po- iticiu questions 01 tne day, and desir- "K put uiibMuu 10 Eive rnem nub icitr. Believing that the free interchange of pumititi sentiments, tends to promote enquiry, eucu tru'h and expose error, I have made it a rule never 10 disguise my own. Having no political aspira tions, to gratify, I am not interested mrtiier trian the patriotic and honest 01 an parties are concerned for the wel fare of their country. 1 will, therefore, cheerfully comply with your request by communicating my views Irankly upon the several subjects to which your let ter refers, regretting that the pressure of important engagements will not per mit me even to sum up the reasons or arguments which have irresistibly led me to cherish them, as sound and ortho- staple states now nay to a limits bcr of northern monopolists for credit uaSCu upon ineir own exports. It would destroy forever the bright prospects now dawning upon us, of a direct trade, and would, Tfear, soon create a colos sal money power, which by the con- vv.k..u , capnai and credit ALSO: Justices' and other ISi.anks thisOilico. for sale at urrml1 f I 1? P onccontroofaU branch, cd upon the nteresting subjects nrcs .wasc wr with the this reply hastily, without timn Zap pa. vision or correction. . it however con tains my , honest ' opinions. If you should consider them of any interest, juu urean liberty to use them. worse. dox republican principles. I am. on questions of constitutional law. a strict mangle ui me pouucai scnooi, in wuicn Jellerson and more recently Calhoun wer able expounders and teachers, in favor of a strict construction of the fed eral compact, and of a vigilant and iea- lous protection of the reserved nehts of Al J . 1 ..... -"' me state; Deiieving tnat the latter re tain also the ."remedy adequate to that protection. I thus claim to bo consi dered a true democrat and nullificr. I consider the system of internal improve ment by the federal government not only without the pale of its delegated powers, but in general, uniust, partial and corrupting in its influence, tending to promote combination and log rol ling schemes, to gratify private and sectional avarice, at the expense of the ubltc good, causing wasteful and use- ess expenditures of the public funds. raised trom the indusiroof the country, for the neccssiary support of govern ment alone. ; The federal government was not constituted to do that, which the states or the people can do without ts ngency. - "" A ''tfiriffor protection ' is against the pirit if not the letter of the constitu tion, and in my opinion, is opposed to all the great principles of free trade. that constitute so important a part of the new aud noble science of political economy, as it operated in the United States under the name of "the Ameri can system," it was in truth a eyttcm of egaiizeu robbery. ; , , , i am opposed to a national band, be cause I consider its constitutionality, at least doubtful in any shape; but still more, because I believe its establish ment would lend to perpetuate the heavj ' commercial tribute which the government, or what is still would ally itself to it for corrupt pur poses. , I am decidedly favorable to an un qualified separation of the government iiuiu me ounKs, and to the collection of me teaerai revenue in the constitution al currency, in other words, to the in dependent or sub-treasury bill as intro duced by Mr. Wright, specie clasue and all. It is my sincere conviction, that the connection of. the treasury with the baks, would soon corrupt both. A separation, entire and eternal is the more necessary, in the present condi tion of the country, when stockjobbing and wild and visionary schemes of crea ting capital misleading the public mind, from labor, industry and sound enter prise, the real sources of national wealth, prevail to such an alarming extent. I see no ol her means of elfcctually check ing the desolating effects, which much! result from ill-digested bankineschemos. ..Li! . . . ? tu times pampered and stimulated, and then again, depleted to exhaustion. The receipt and expenditure of the public monies, without permitting them capi against men to warp their judgments upon the practical political questions of the day. They seem to be aiding and cheering on a party whose success will overwhelm their cherished prin cjplcs,andall the great bulwarks of the constitution in one common ruin. ' I have thus, gentlemen, briefly touch With the highest respect, I am, ; ' Your friend, &c. J. A- QUITMAN. J. Bole, S, Shackleford, Esqs.) y Holmes county. J to be mingled with the bankino tal of private monicd corporations, ttwuiu iu injr opinion, Keep up a moder ate and healthy demand for specie, and thus operate as a sure check to excessive issues of paper currency, limi ting them to an amount always con vertible. It would, by throwing the influence 01 tne money power into opposition to an increase 01 revenue, tend to check extravagant expenditures and useless appropriations and thus reduce the re venue and expenses of the government to an economical standard, enforce re form, and remove all temptation to dis honesty. Nor have I a doubt, notwith standing the senseless clamoi of some of the opponents of this measure, that in its operation, instead of increasinrr it would diminish executive patronage. in precisely the same ratio, that the influence of money, the use of which for private purposes is forbidden under severe penalties, is less, than if permit- teu 10 oe made the basis of bank crcd !4-a .J .' .. L 1 1 , ; m I in, uistuuui loans anu issues. 1 ne custody of a million of dollars, locked up in an iron chest, certainly confers less power than the control of .he same amount used freely as the basis of banking operations, which, it is sud- 1 1 . . ... uuseu may pe eaieiy extended to three times the amount of the capital. In every point of view, in which I have been enabled to . examine this subject, I am led to the conclusion, that the country would be benefitted. and even the sound banks, disposed to be content with moderate profits, would be rendered more independent by the proposed divorce. I am at a loss to perceive how a genuine state right man, unprejudiced and impartial, can pposc measures so evidently tending to promote his principles. Differing entirely and radically from Messrs. Clay, Harrison and Webster, in every essential political tenet, I cer tainly shall not support either of them for the presidency. Believing that the elevation of either of these candidates would result in the establishment : of the most dangerous principles,! shall, as a citizen, do all I can to prevent it. I consider (he nationals composing a great part ol the whig party, as feder alists of the old school, with whom I have no elementary principle in com mon. 1 snaa co-operate Ireely and boldly with all genuine republicans, be they democrats of nulliliersin assert ing the principles to which I have al luded. - . " , ' It is a matter of sincere regret to me to perceive many state rights men, whom I know to be sound and ortho dox in the abstact, and with whom I have long co operated, disposed to ral ly under the broad banner of a candi date for the presidency, whose creed is the very opposite to that which they profess. I fear they permit prejudice EDITOniAt CORRESPONDENCE Jtcfoon, January 22d, 1839 Dear Sir: ;;. : . ... There has not been the first No. of your paper received in this place since my arrival here,I have called at the office ev ery mail; or '.his I nra unable to account; I havo received the Advocate regularly. I here forward to you all the printed do cuments as .they were introduced into the Senate, you can learn more from the do- cumcuts forwarded to you, and the news papers, than I can give you in this sheet, i The committee has gone through the' examination of the Union Bank, I will for ward you the report as soon as printed. The bank is not discounting at present there is a proposition before the Senote to authorise, or rather sanction, the issue of Post notes, the policy of the this mea sure, lam, at thepreseut moment, inclin ed to doubt, though some of the ablest ad vacates of the Union Bunk, and some of the best financiers in the state, have advised the measure. It would, no doubt facilitate tho establishing of the Branches, but the risk of placing those notes under par, is a result of which I am fearful, though the prevailing opinion here is,and that of such men as Stephen, Duncan, Marshall, and I am informed J. C. Wilkins,' D iet. Guin. and others, if, that tho post notes bearing 5 per cent interest on their face, with the pledge of the State, will keep them at par, particulnrly nt the north. And it is further urged, that it will relieve a distressed corn-! munity ; but in my opinion, the sacrifice of property, m this state, is eminently be yond the reach of bank assistance; prop erty of all kinds has been sinking down t its intrinsic value, gradually, since rny ar rival here, that of negroes particularly. The probability is, that the Branch of the Union Bank, at Liberty, will be in op eration by the 1st of June, but I am far from believing should ths post note system fail, which I am inclined to bolieve will be the case,! that the stock holders will be enabled to obtain their privilege loans under ten and twelve months, as the State bonds will have to be sold before a demand could be made, under the charter, for privilege stock loans. .-""'' These sujestions are intended for my constituents, though .made very hastily, and in an imperfect ra inner. , f : . , '.''" '- , I will give this subject my most delibe rate consideration, and will act as I have always done, as the people's representa tive,aqcording to the dictates of my weak judgment. r Your obrt. scrv't. ' : JEHU WALL, strange land. Many a poor traveller would have sunk under the weight of accumulating poverty and sicknowi, had not the kind, tho noble, the generous bounty of the people been extended to mra in the dark hour of his distress, when h .u.cH.ins pressed Heavily upon him, and des pair seemed to have taken possession of his soul. This noble disposition alone in tho oeoDle. Jm. cheered and animated him to a double desire for Hie, whero, had it been otherwise, he would have suna dispondmg into the groro in a strange land, unmournod and unregrettod. Cut when sick neas and death have overtaken him he has found among the lair daughters of the country, moth ers and sisters, to watch around his dying couch. ana sootn and comfort him with the balm of Kindness, in his last sad hours, when no kind re lative was near, to support bis sinking head clone his vacant eyes Besides this truo christian like feature in the disposition of the people, which prompts them to shelter the weather-beaten stranger from the pelting, of the pittiless storm," are their easy, urbane manners to that class of strangers who trave. unacr tne garb of gentlemen. It is ecne rally from this description of persons, w ho are not unrrequemtly, vagrants and fugatives from the scorn and justice of society in other coun tries,. that the people are robbed of their good name. It is, perhaps, their greatest fault, that strangers too easily gain access to their ample hospitality and confidence. And it is this d is. regard to a punctillious acquiogccnce with for mal etiquetto, more than any niggardly disposi tion in the people, that constitutes the perceiv able difference betweon tho citizens of tho coun try of which I am speaking, and those of the old States; that whilo the former aro ever ready to minister to the wants of suffering humanity, or receive as equals and friends, those who havo the appearance of gentlemen, thev lav them- i selves liablo to bo imposed upon by refugees. impostors ana abolitionists; the latter, whose ha bits and prejudices aro established upon a less fluctuating basis, or, perhaps, on a more obsti nate adherence to ancient customs, are a warv. calculating, jealous people, kind to their friends ITEMS. Female Obstinacv Let a woman maintain against her husband any op inion, if she ad vances nothing in sup port of it, he can never answer or over come her. For if he thinks to tie her up by a chain of reasoning, or a thread of discourse,, it is like tiying to lift a ball of yarn oil" the ground by the end of tho thread; the more he nulls tho more yarn he winds off, till all is gone, but the ball still clings to the gound. I don't want you any longer, said a merchant to a powerfully tall clerk of his store. - "i "How is it," said a purse-proud per son to a scholar, "that you often see men of letters at the house of tha rich but seldom the rich at the abode of the learncdf "It is," replied the oth er, "becaus the wise know the yalueot wealth but the wealthv are ioruir.'inr. of the value of wisdom." C "I've raised a new nair of hodfs. said A. to B. putting forward one as a sample "a handsome fit, eh? I bought them to wear in eentcel socintv!" . "They will be likely to last you, your lifetime, then," .rejoined B., "and be worth something to your heirs." Why is a newspaper like a good Wife? Because Cterv man nuo-hr (n have one of his own. Wliat tune is most likely to cantivnfo a young lady? 'A for-ne, to be sure. iv nai is a lady 's most interesting age ? mam-agc. Forth Piney Woods Planter. During a sojourn of soven years in that coun try watered by the Mississippi and its tributa ries, I have seen much to admire and applaud, in tho character of the people, to whom I was a stranger. But that which strikes the observing mind with more force, and calls forth the tribute of a grateful heart, for benefits conferred, is tho general hospitality of the people, or of their most prominent characteristic qualities; Perhaps they possess this virtue to a fault. Bo this as it may, their generosity and kindnoss can only hurt themselves, (if, indeed, it ever does,) when bestowed npon unworthy individuals, while it entwines the remembrance of them about the hearts of the poor friendlssi traveller, whom, perhaps, misfortune has exiled from his native homo and friends, to teek an honest living in a and acquaintances, but distant and reserved strangers, unless wUl recommended, or until long acquaintance, has given indubitable evi. dence of their good character, or has removed any doubts that may have existed in their minds, with regard to the individual who presents hi, self for their favor or society , 1 nero are more adventurora in tho States of Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana "and Mississippi, than in aH the states put together. The Ohic and Mississippi rivers are tho great thoroughfares . iiiui vui. lurine region, wnero the ima gination taken its loftiest flight, and depics princeiy iortunes, without labtir or expenso, but which are never realized. Thousands uoon thou sands of itinerants are flocking into it, of every description, and under various prctensei. Thev are explorers and plausible speculators, refugees i",i"wi missionaries and nuilanthroD ca. and finding the mngie of their hopes to have va nished, they turn upon the people, whose facile temperament and generous hospitality afford more ample opportunity fur them to practice their rospoctive acts of fraud and rascality But I J 11 1 . ireaiues moso interloper! just mentioned, there are also others of a different description whoa more destructive to the fair character of the poopls than a cloud of Egyptian locusts to the luxuricnt rioo fields of tho Nile. These gentry who are lost to all sense of moral rectitude, pos sessing facinoting mannort, wheedle themselves into tho confidence of the good society of the country, and having fattened upon the unsus pecting generosity of the people, requite theii kindnoss with vituperation, calumjiy and mis representation. From the vast number of visi tants to this country, many, very many exeen tions are to be made, to whom the abovo obser vations do not -apply. Thousands of kkal gen. lleinen visit this land of generous hosnitalitv, who have no idea of locating in it, and who aro actuatod by no sinister motives. Thev neither aouse me Hospitality of tha people, nor revil tlieir character, but report faithfullv the true state of things, which add no little to the citi zens' claims to merited distinction among the other statcsof the confederacy. Such individuals always find a welcome to the hearts and homes of a generous community. It is not, however, to 00 matter of surprise, if some worthy indivi j. ...... . . . ... J uuain nave oeen mistreated, in a country like this, on account of tho unworthy Conduct of oth ers. It is natural for people to be more guarded and circumspect in their intercourse with stran gers, after they nave been gullod and imposed upon Dy wicaea and abandoned importers, who, to every appearance, possessed tha' requisites necessary w constitute the perfect Kentleman. Considering the number, character and preten sion! of tho persons who visit this country, mis treatment to Grangers from the citizen! oecurs loss frequently, than it does to the samedescrip- i.uu hi iuu;nuual! In the old stales. Strangers labor under an errouoous idea with regard to the state of society. No good man is iu danger of 1110 or limn, his good deportment is a better guard to his person than pistols & bowie knives, and Is a !urer passport to the hoarts and sympa thics of the citizens. ' - -f Somtop, Ieo. I. INCOGNITO.'' Her Morning Time When we chanp-a a guinea, the shillincs of small account: when wp f,rp:,b day by idleness in tho morning, the rest oi the hours lose their importance in our eye, SroU. Duration of Oak. The throne of Edward the Confessor is niDe hundred years old; one of the oaken coronation chairs has been in its present situation, in Westminister Abbey, about five hundred and forty years; and the old est ; wooden bridge of which we have any account, is of oak; it is famous for its defence, by Iloratius Codes, and cusieu at uome nve hundred before our Saviour. years Iron Mountain in Kentucky.- The Louisville City Gazette savs. Kentuctv contains a most extraordinary bank of iron ore. It is a hill (rising considera bly above the surfaced of m.mv hi.nrl. red acres area, and the oie to the depth of seventeen feet can be had with lit tle or no strippincr. From nn Poiimnt. made, it has been found that it won!,! supply sixteen blast film nr. a nf V, first class for fifty years. It is impossible that an ill-natured man can have a public spirit; for how should he love ten thousand men who never loved one? A young lad, a few d avs sJnrf. nns. ing along the street, and observing . capsized wagon, exclaimed "Father, there's another Whirr v.. tnrv There is not a, single Aav nnnnr in Liverpool, England, a city nearly as large as N. York. ' . . More LvNomxri It 5 f nf a ;. the KScioto (Ohio) Tribune that a man was lynched, recently, in Guyandotte, ya. ihe charire was ahrilitinnlam and the punishment tarring, feathering and riding on a rail. v" ( ' A slaughter house, in Wcstport, KyV " in winch were ' stored away five hund red hogs that had been put in barrels, was burned on the night of the 3lst ult That may be called a wfiolrt Vino- fire... . .. .-. " 0 The Sbuth Carolina lnnn f r, v.."-: tired thousand pounds at five per cent mu .""u iHKcii .Dy.. iianng and Uroth- . owverai. contractors have taken Mississippi Joan and fifty thousand pounds, at 93; 5 per cent miercst. We are of opinion that tho Hon.; Denis Prieur haa succeeded in obtaining the loan or loans which he was empowered . to cflVrt. A mount ofbusiness in American sccuai tlcs was done in tho 4ltl rVOV, Oneof th mnn tk n addition to the K01.H, r-i:.; a M. . . , . yuivuiKi nun ississippi loans, bona firU exceeding over .$300,000 had been cf Jected caused.1t wna .m!.J k.K abundance of money and tho high rate of interest, .