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Southern planter. (Woodville, Miss.) 1832-1832, November 24, 1832, Image 2

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80. CA B.
This day, his excellency the Governor transmit tod
both houses ofthe legislature the foIMviug
Pelloa Cithern of the Senate,
* and //uw« of Representative/,
(n convoning you at an earlier moment than the
period fixed by tho Constitution for your usual
meet ihn I have cheerfully,assumed whatever respon
sibility may attach to this exercise ol my preroga
tive, under a belief that after our general elections,
you could not too soon be brought l vgetlter. to de
liberate en the boat mean» of promoting tbe interests
of those, whose rights, whose liberties, and whose
public honor arc confided to your eare.
I ahouhlindeed liavo convoked your jmkleçe»
sors immodiatcly after tbe adjournment ofthe last
Session ofCongrcss, if I bad not deemed it in every
respect desirable that our people, i a the exercise
of one ofthe highest functions of their sovereignly,
exerted in the choico of tlmir Representatives,
should, in the first instance, have *n opportunity of
passing judgement on tho final results ot tho pro
ceeding» of that Session, which claims to have fix
edon a permanent basis; as far as it can be effect
ed by Federal legislation,the selllhd policy oflhe
country. As.tbc canvass, which preceded our re
cent election, was conducted in almost exclusive
and absorbing reference to the ultimate rcaultoftln»
legislation by Congress, your selection may he ta
ken as the exjHjnonts of this judgement. 1 cordial
ly congratulate you, and out State at large, not
only on tbe auapicioua and elevated decission which
our people, by infallible token», have thus made,
but also on the cheering indications of our having
already reached a unanimity of sentiment, nently
as greats* tbe inevitable diversity of human opin
ions will permit, on a subject vitally affecting our
dearest right sand liberties. Thu«conve«ed under
Circumstances of profound pubjic anxiety, A- internal
public interest, you will I am sure, come to the dis
charge of the trust which haadovolved upon you,
with qn inflexible determination to perform its du
ties in an enlightened spirit of firmness and modera
tion, worthy ofthe «cession Ac ofthose inestimable
principles of constitutional liberty, which it will ho
oneoffoe mögt impressive of our obligations to pre
serve and forever defend.
It is known to yon, Fellow-Citizens, that the
most anxious hopes ofthe good people of the State
were directod to the proceedi ngs of t he last Congress
Of tbe United States. The.necessity of providing
for a largo reduction of Fedej-al -Taxation, conse
quent on the proximate extinguishment of a large
public debt, tbe strong and well founded complaint*
of a respectable ami patriotic portion of 'he States
in this confederacy, the solid ground on which, us a
matter of constiutional right, diese complaints
ed, os well «sour just claims to n reform not only m
tho abuMM ofthe egoredto of tjie power of taxation
thepartofthoGeneralGovernment.M»! in tbe abuses
oft ho appropriation of the public treasure after it is
levied, nspiredeven those prone to despond,in spite
ofinauspicous omens, with some faint exped ition,
that these great and alarming questions of political
power woiild b*settled in a spirit of impartialjustice
and with a considerate regard to that amity and
mutual concession, so essential to the preservation
of a confederacy composed of co-equal and co-or
dinate sovereign».
It »scarcely necessary that I should inform you
in detail, what has been live final rmnilt of these de-
lusively cherished expectations, for you are in pos-
session of sn authority on fhis subject, infinitely
more valuable than my own. Two third* of your
Represent* lives and both or your Senators, after ef
forts on the floor of Congress of signal ability and
disinterested patriotism, in which every species of
conciliation was exerted, thaï «just and wise mod
eralion could dictate, short of surrendering a prin-
tial to your constitutional liberty, have
-Jy declared to tho people of South Carolina,
jn tlie face of the world, "That whatever Inqies may
bave been indulged at tho commencement of the
* session, that a returning sense of justice on th* part
of the majority would remove or materially mitigate
tho grievous load ol oppression under which you
have so long labored, and of which you have on justly
complained, they are reltlciantly constrained tode
Clare that these flattering hopes, too long deferred,
and too fondly cherished, have finally and forever
vanished.'' In proof of this disastrous consumma
tion, they could not better have relioil on any testi
mony than that on which they did rely, the Tarifl'act
of which, by a perversion of every principle
ef cdfomao sense and common justice, has bom
called a compromise between tho conflicting inter
eats Of the manufacturing and plantation States,
principles of equivalent benefit to both. It is nn
nsfesdssry. gentlemen, that I should inform you. who
are so well mstrseted upon tho true grounds ofthe
controversy, thet this imputed compromise is dea
tiluteof every feature of that justice and equality
that ought to characterize a measure bearing auch
appellation. We might well in advnnco have
distrusted the compact forth» adjustment, in which
it Was found expedient not to consult, at any pedi
od ofthe negotiation, ottr Senators and two thirds
of our Representatives, and which bore upon its
foce the signs of jt* being in some respect a subtle
Contrivance, to bend the pecuniary interests and
ftonstrtutioaal liberties ofthe people, to a struggle
for the exeefive power of the country. But apart
from these extrinsic objections, the adjustment is
intflosically not a mutual, but an exclusive com
promise of all the mat claims and interests ofthe
South The Tariff Act of 1832 is, in point offset
a law by which tho consumption of llie manufac
turing States is nearly relieved of sit sort of burden
on those articles which they consurao and do
produce, and under tbe pruvitions of which they
are secured a bounty on an average of more than
fifty per com on the productions of their industry,
wbdst it »axe* onr consumption to an equivalent a
roo tint, and tbe exchangeable value of our products
in a much mors aggravated ratio. Tlie law liears
the iptproa of the legislation ofan independent sov
lil * Ul>l , o°lo»y, andeatab
"** ,hc , Ubour
r!î? ** k** to the paternal negard
of this Government, (ban that of a more fitrorad
aactiow ofthe Union. The provisions of the Act
•e, moreover, at wsr w.th every acknowledged
principle of wise and beneficent Uxatton, which T.as
•vav DHsted among'any people on tho face ofthe
earth,having the shadow of a cl.tm to civ,Hz,„on
<* * jurtknowedledge of finance. Article* ef lux
ermuion'ftomT?i V d . 0 ^ CO,np ! f * liv8
•mption irom all burden, whilst ihnae of nocoanity
a ftrÆ 1 «î* "
dpi# «»
■ml the wmes ol the rich, winch arc principelly ex- 1
changed for tlm production* ttfmsn.ifactimng or
Northern labor, etijev. as .1 MtgdVtls these article*
most unjutt dtir rnrjinal i otrlnTiiei r »»W. Opera!
mg thus heavily on tho axcltnngeaUe value "four
product*, the act provides for nothing sliort of the
raonalrous injustice of levying, at least lbroe-fotlftbs
of the whole amount of the federdtreveoue, on the |
industry of the Southern Statee. Nor does the
gross inequality ofthe law stop bsre. It effects af
ter all the subtle artifices of exaggeration respecting
a diminution of our burdens havebedn dispelled,
a roductioo, from llm amount of duliee levied un
dertlie net of 1820 as modified hy tliaUjf 1830; of
throe millions seven hundred thoussnd dollars on
the unprotected article*, and only tlie pitiful sum
of somewhere about eight hundred on the protect
od, (which purchase the staples of the South) task
ino tn all a reuSC'iotl of only fonr millions and s
haTf, instead of I wclvf, which !>*l reduction was es
«i-ntinl lo tlie accomplishment of tbe dei>blc and
highly conserv,live object of bringing the revenue
down In tho standard o r thc legitimate wants of tho
Government. As it is, nino millions of surplus rev
oc-te will, in all probability, result from the imposta
of this Act, over and atiovo the necessary and con
stitutional expenses of the country, lo bedistrihuted
by a majority irresponsible to tot, in rorrupt largesses
Or nncotwtililufionftl appreprialions to those Stale*
which, without possessing an interest inWIie Tariff,
are ntC-!" to Teel that they have an interest in high
taxation, when by an unjust provision of the Got
eminent, they receive mote tbnn they are made to
er, declared 1 antf reiterated, "that . OI rrn .
lection is ant only unconstitutional, but an alum
of P® ww inctMfrpatil'dc with the principle» ora free
government and the great ends of civil society »
atefhasevoweditt ptej^ose «tu expose and rcaislall
ertcroachmenls on thetrue spirit of the eonstitn
t.on - Yon have been elected by the „Z
•bnrgod by their „pinion, to „dop? means the Cu
calculated to protect and defend them f, n ,„ ,i
encroachments; andy^.^Tnow c! " In 'T
for the purpose of'mmiirelv ,l nJ . ^
of accomplish.ng fhtf
otoct. Tublir nontlmm# lo« •Ir.wsi. u 041,0 .
. y^z^rzzi7Jr,TZ'^
Repugnant as this Act thus is to every principle
of justice, we cannot indulge even tlie humiliating
consolation that designed as it wav, in some respects,
lo subserve the periodical »I niggle
power of the roantry, it will be tempurniy in its du
ration, and will st last yield to that returning sense
nf justice so long promised, and whn«e advent Ins
lieen ao long and so tardily postponed No. We
have the authentic and solemn declaration* ofboth
the great dominant parties in the Union, who arc
now contending for its power and who conjointly
form an overwhelming majority, that the system is
as fixed as fate, except in those particulars that
are y«l lo be modified more beneficially for their in
terests, as cupidity may bo instructed hyexpcrionce.
That the system, if we think proper lo submit fo its
injustice, is tlie fixed and settled policy ofthe coun
try, so /kr as the majority can will It to be such, we
base much more solid reasons for believing, than e
ven tlKne declarations however authoritative. This
belief is founded on tho indisputable fnct, that it is
impossible for tho wit or wisdom of man, to havo
contrived a scheme for raising tlie revenue of tho
country in a more essentially and exclusively hono
fleial to their own interest*.—For ilia a process by
which taxstion operates corelttisels as a bounty
to thoir industry ; and that whilst three-fonrlhs uf
the publie revenue is to lie ranted on article* in the
production of which they enjoys premium ofmore
than fifty per cent,all the articles necessary to Ihn per
fection of their arts and manufactures, and man?
essential to the accomodations and luxuries of life,
are comparatively untaxed. It is not a cold ab
stract son»« ofjuatice of what are inaultbglv called
the metaphysics nf constitutional liberty that will
induce a people, rioting in auch a high nod palmy
»tale of prosperity, to surrender theee advantages,
if they cas find four millions of consumers, willing
bmit lo their exactions, who hippen to be ter
rilorily separated from them, and who exercise a
specie* of industry in no degree compeling with,
but on the contrary euhserviont nod tributary
their own. Wo shell indeed have read the history
ofthe world to very little purpose if we cherish so
idle and sonacloss a conjecture. If llie southern
States had boon subjugated provinces, and after a
vsarofexliansting desolat tqn had surrendered at dis
cretion undor the sword, I aak what oilier bill for
the regulation of trade with the colonies" our con
queror* would have desired, but this very tariff act
of 1832? Ofthe ruin which this measure will
bring upon ua, we »re nut left to speculation. Dio
signs or our decaying prosperity arc „round u*.
Informed m you are, gentlemen, of all, the de
tail» of this act, I am conscious hew unnecessary
it is to press tin* stew of the subject, any further,
but there is one consideration which cannot be
overlooked, and that is, the soinnn nnd abiding
conviction of tho good people of tlu» »tato, that
th* right to past a tariff of protection is not to be
found in the eonsliiulmn oflhe United' Stales, that
in the act or 1832 the pnnciplc of protection is
distinctly and triumphantly recognised, and that,
neither in express terms nor by an authorised impft!
cation does any auch power exist in tlie compact
of the Union. To submit to in infraction of
the Constitution involving the groat right of human
industry and property, is to acquiesce m voluntary
sorsiliui* To meet this *il«l tsorh, the lesson«
have been taught by uur ancestors contain an in
structive and salutary moral. II* must be a very
ingenious casuist who can discover any difference
in principle between taxatiou without représenta
lion sod taxation with a nominal représentation but
in violation of the conalittuion. Tlie result of
both is, seizing and taking away money witlioul le
gal right- But grievous
ftrr the Executive
to su
,_ . , .. "»J be the pecuniary
loss arising from this wrong, it is mere dust in the
baltnce in eumperieon with the shock which the
public liberty of thwcouniry sustains, if the people
by a relaxattoiS'of public, qjirit through sloth, ser-'
vility or cowardice, arc prepared to submit to an
infraction of thetr rights, for it overthrows, if |
mey so speak, tljj^lovc and reverence for tho
thority of the
liai to the
In this smnmtry, fcltnw-cilizens, I believo, I liavo
ntlerèrf not one word that duos not meet a rns|)onse,
in tlm overwhelming public sentiment of our poo!
pie. After 10 year* of suffering and remonstrance,
we have at length arrived at least at the end ef onr
hopes. Our petitions and protests have slumbered
i n ap athy and contempt nn the journals of Con
grass. The Législature of this Slate has, howov
mW reiterated, "llmt a Tariff of P fo .
»alt, t Irai j love and reverence fo
thcoMfel principles of liberty, so essen
PW^F®lton of the institution* of free
1 that I no, only respond.ng to MMJwnt.mer it As
or il wa» by an assembly of identical andIcquiTatem
Sl«Mi.O«ilJn that our compact watt foteH-d under llw
GwjMon with the eo-B.ntep when hfey
'o establish a eommon agency «nd lift» Oeoem.
Government, so, on no tribunal can ".ore appro
(*>*'«1? devolve die high province of declaring the
| extent of ottr obligations under tins com,wet, nnd
in case of a deliberate palpable and dangcrctts ex
creise of power*, not granted by the said compact,
to determine «on the mode and meestire or ro
«Ires».'' Indeed nil our politics-system* have ITow
ed from the mighty aonrro of these great, pi unary
of and elementary assemblies, wlucli am not the type
but the essence of the sovereignty, nr the'people;
nor liavo they over yet cojvencd w ithout suIjMrving
some eminent purupee of public liberty and social
order The jndfctnns guards in ottr own State
s Constitution, liv winch (be |x>oplc have imposed re
stramts upon themselves, in the convocation pf
theee bod;<* by teqolr.n gjhe eoncnmae e of tw»
!!«rd* of lakh btancb-^cfllm ^gidator. Oa f,;re
* ÇonvenVon can • * f . ■
prevent tumultuary P* f*' ro 1,1 n r y nr ton, t r •
»uro that unanimity »mong . * P*°l « »o twsen ta
to tho success of all great pun."- monuments,
In earnestly recommending, fellow citizens, that
you make, forthwith, legislative provision for ti e
assembling of such » Convention, with all the des
patch compatible with the public convenience, I
cannot but look forward to the deliberation* end
flnu! of till» high and authoritative body. a»
to tho bletaed meant, not only, offinauy rei.r^* lH *
our wrongs hut of Uniting our whole peuple in one
common modo and purpoce of reiiating oppression,
and in patriotic and fraternal bujids of concord —
When this assembly shall speak, its vofte, next to
the voice of (iod,mti*t command our most perfect
obedience. VVe owe no allegtanco to any other
power, except that which through a similar assent
blitge, So. t'arolinu lias thought fit to contract for
us, and which in paying to tbe extent, and so long as
she thinks proper that the obligation should con
tinue, is but rendering our loyalty to her.
I forbear bringing any oilier subject to your con
sideration connected with the ordinary and current
business of tit* State, ss under the ( '.institution
you most again convene on the 4th Monday of the
ensuing month. I would impectfutW suggest
that with the view, if practicable, of procuring an
assembly ofthe proposed Convention, in ihrs place
prior to that period, you likewise abstain from the
consideration of any other matter than the important
topic mid thus- necessarily incidental lo it which I
have brought to your view, as I deem it.fot a vari
ety of considerations on which it is unnecessary I
should now dwell, in every respect desirable that
our issue, with the General Government, .should he
made before the meeting of Congress.
urging the expediency of calling a Conven
tion ef the People, fur the purposes I have indice
led, I have fiebons to make a single euggestion of
what may or may not, what ought or what ought
not to lie the remedy this Assembly should or
dain.—To a body so constituted anti so empower
ed; let the whole subject of ou r gilts, and onr griev
uninfluenced by any bus arising
from the ofHea! expression of our opinions.— Rep
resenting public sentiment, rt cannot but organise
and gare force to the public wll
In conclusion, Fellow-Citizens, our cause is
Worthy of our highest, nnd our most zealous and our
moat inflexible clforta. It is for no object of nmbi
(inn, no lust of power or avarice, that we have as
sumed ourpre-enl posture in relation to the usur
pations of the Federal Government, but it i» to
ances 6« confined,
n-ilcein the Constitution of our Country from
hallowed violation, temaintaiu its ascendency over
(he law making authority, to save this oncecheerish
ed Uaion from a corruption and misrule, that doom
it to irreversible disruption; to brmg the Govern
ment hack to th* salutsrv principle* of e just nnd
ec.inomic.il administration; to restore to our own
hemes and tlie borne« of our futhrra their wonted
pruepanty, by tlse glorious effort of o meeting for
our Country a prellet?» or* ha** never enrremiered,
of exchanging in a pennd ef profound peace tlie
fruits of nor labor under n mise «y stem of free in
tereourse with the rest oflhe world ■ privilege which
it has been justly »aid, belong» to the Christum
Code among ctkilisad nation*. With these objects,
ted standing firmly on our tight«,—I implore tlie
bteaaiega of Almighty God on your ilvhheraiinns,
that they may redound to the liberty, peace and hap
pines nf our commun rountry as well n* of the peo
ple whom you specially reprenant .
Columbia, Oct. 22, 183 -'.
Vfo grve to-day at foil a statement as possible of
th* «lection return*. The following table shew*
Ilia vote of the two parties in the State.— Tele
St. Philip A;. St. Michael, 1448
8t. Helena,
St. George's, Dorchester.
Prince George, IVinyuw,
All Saints,
St. Matlhewv
St James,'' Santee,
jJ. John'»
Pendlet on,
St. Stephens,
Christ Church,
St. Thomas Jf St. Dennis,
St. James, Goose Creek,
St. John'« Colleton,
St. Luke's
Abbeville, *
8». Andre»-»,'
Si. Pauls,
St. Bartholomews,
St. Peters,
Prince AYilftaai*.
Marlborough' *
134 1
1 J
' 71
From the (.We.
We rongrniulnli: ibb up* n thcifionl ' r
minnvon ol die Iw-Im« W»r. '*» ''•l» < '>"
«Mulaffl nor ftfl.-w rHHrtW tty" tlre^Wfrr>r*.
whoao wealth 1ms been wasted or JeilroyeH, uhd
wboae relatives and friend* have been miirderei^up
on tlii« auspicious event.
We «luted, on ll»e 9th in»t., that the Commission
njipointod hy llm President, Gan. tlciH nnd.
Oov. Ueynolds. lied concluded n treety \Vitlt tlxi
Winnebago««, fur uu exchange oftand», and the
rnoval of that portion of the tribe which resided
south of Hie Oitiacooain, and cast of llie Mtssi-sip
l>i —Upon n more careful examination, we find the
quantity oflttnd acquired by this treaty greater than
we then estimated. The tract contains «trout
4.600,000 acre«, and ia represented to lie of excel
lent soil, well watered, and abounding in induce
ment* fir agriculturalist* to purchase and cultivate.
Since that publication, advices have been recus
ed of Ihr 1, formation of another treaty with tlie Sacs
Und Foxe» on the 21st ult.—By this compact, the
United States ucquire about 9,000,000 notes, of n
quality not inferior to any between the same paral
lels of latitude. It is known to abound in lead ore,
and the Indians say in other ores.
For the tract ceded, the United Slates agree to
pay an annuity of twenty thousand dollars for thir
ty year», to support a blacksmith and grin-smith
in addition lo those now employed, to pay the délit»
of tfio trihes, to supply prolisions, and as a reward
•hr the fidelity of Le-o-kuk ami the friendly Bund,
10 allow a reservation lo be made for them • f 460
miles square on the loway river, to include Ke g
kukV principal village.
Black Hawk and his two son-', the Prophet, ISa
pope, and five others, principal warriors of the hos
tile band«, are to be retained as hostages, during
tire pleasure of the presklent. All the other pris
oners h»ve been delivered up to the friendly Sacs
•nd Foxes.
The Commissioners, who have concluded these
arrangements, by which a valuable country is ob
ned, the pence nnd security of the frontiers is se
cured, and r> new field for enterprise opened to emi
grants, are entitled to approbation, not only fol
theee result», hut for haridg maintained the nation
al character, and carried mtn effect the intention*
of thq Preakletit, in granting liberal terms to the In
dians, and hffvmg inspired them with confidence
and good will, by treating llietn individually with



I e
We understand the principle» of the Isle treaty
to he theee:—Tlie whole lmlurn territory is ceded
to the United States not one acre is reserved. The
President i* to have the country surveyed as soon
possible, and to advertise and sell it nt public sale
in the same manner, and on the same terms in all re
spects as other lands—the sales to he made as soon
ns tlie land can be surveyed. It is stipulated that
the Chicknsa w* nre to select Sir themselves; a coun
try west of tho Mississippi river, and if possible,
to idnvc away before tlie first public sale of their
lands. Bliotild they lie nrrihle to remove before
• time, they arc permitted to retain n tract of
d for each family lo live on until they fix upon
lie place of their future residence. It is expressly
agreed however, that they will remove a« anon as
they can, and when they go, those tracts upon
which they resided, »hall be »old as the other
lands arc, but all tlie Indian territory not now
occupied by them, is to bu sold, when survey
®d—No persons are permitted to move on the
crdcil lands, until the sales take place: should any
presume to do so, they will lie driven off. The
Chickasaw*, are to receive the nett pmeeeds aris
ing from the sale of the lands; deducting all inciden
tal FX|xmscs connected with the snrvey and »ale of
the name. Three-fourths of all tlte money derived
from the land »ales, are to be vested in stock at in
ter»*!, by the General Government, for the benefit
of the Chickasaw nation, allowing them lo
interest, Imt not to touch the principal, reserving
Jl ,: »t as a fund fir the use ot the nation forever.—
The ceiled territory is about 100 miles square, and
the nttmbefof ncrea is estimated at 7,000,000.
Florence (lazctte.
ihn I
use tin
Vape.de Vrrd htnml —Universal famine extends
throughout Cape de Verd Islands IVc learn from
the K*»ex Register snmr appalling particulars, gath
ered from various intelligence received hyalatuarri
valatHuIetn. Three years have elapsed since they
have trenn visited w ith rsin* in uny considerable
quantities. The land has become parched and has
yielded nothing to tho ciittivater. All kinds of veg
etation nre withering and passing awnv. Most of
thoaninrale, m the Islands, base died from starva
At every port the utmost misery existed among
all classes. It was no uncommon thing to see Wo
men nnd children gathering from the streets old
bones that have lwc-n thrown
gnawing them.
The dead and dying are to Im met with on overy
side Mr. Gardner, acting American! consul, com
puted that from 12 to 14 souls perished at Port
Prayra daily. A gentleman, who was known to
havo a «mall supply of provisions, was obliged to
guaid his doom with his slaves lo prevent the people
from hi* table._' _
There are from 60 lo 70,000 souls on the is
lands, whn unless assistance be speedily rendered,
must pet i«h. They confidently expect aid from this
country, and the parting- words of tlie Governor
General to Capt. R uler ( who brings the intelligence)
were, "for God's sake tell thorn tosénd us sonio
tiling." •
The people ol Boston much to their credit, are
about adopting 4 niM 8 iiri-s for the relief of the popu
atton ofthe (.ape de Vcrd Mund», new sn fibrin y the
horrors of famtne. One house, t|mt of Messrs P.
, . i 1 ' 1 " 11 * llavc come forward with ready
liGerahty^nd offcied to carry tho bulk of five or
»ix hundred barrel» of flour, free of expense, and de
liver it at Ronaviita, or the lain of May, if sent for
the relief ofthe suffering Islanders. Other m ea
httres arc in active prepinion in Boston. A meet
•tig hail been called which was to devise means to
rant,- b cargo of provistons to send t„ foe rcliefof
be miserable populaftdh „f V f tds. We indulge
eisterT e , * , |J Ur T" WiI1 "°' P rrn "' Hioir
TVfoÄ, 9 " * l,)n0 in lh,s R 001 ) work,
he Captain.of Ilia vessel which brottgla tbedis
ite^Tha't' t'r^r fr °'? ' I,e < '" pe do V «»*U»8al*nJ
ststrsthat the famishing mliabitants were very ear
away and eagerly
with great
trulcff States Branch Bank r n u-; ~
(«y. th« Natch*» ,,r the ralh m ' f
®th mrt, Pr^Tut ofthe Branch" nn ">«
C. Wilkin*, rn th:» etty, vice Jan.c
_ wwnniUE:
!>/:<T.Miti.n cuit nô :y
* 1 JVKf)
IVe nrc nnlhorized to r
Pnossr.s, Esq. us
nniiiiunce Ttt
- n cambduto fur i| lc .
the ensuin'.' December electkic.
\Ve inumlboriwd lu
annutiiicc Col. (■ j,
Annsotv. os n candidate fur tlte Hmin>,,fj
resentntives at tlie ensuing December électif
Wo arc authorized t
Esq. ns a c milidate for the lions« nf
lives nt the ensuing Decemlicr election
unnnunroG Jy
We are ntifhori/eif to announce Judge Po;,*
aenndidato fir the House of Represent,ilirn J,
I/'gislature of this Slate, at the ensuing
We are authorized lo announce
St. vna, Esq., as a ciiniltdote for the House,
rmremstives at the ensuing December elatioi'Ej'kll
F cl.Low-Citiskk«.— Whenever
to perform » duty c< nrcrmng the interest of mafai
should ley «aide all peisonal ronsiderations, smi2
that duty to the best advantage, for those fur itImm'te
The ilglit, or rather the duty of vottig, is one not M
in* the welfare of tho voter alone, but it
tome degree, the welfare ot every individual in thTi
mortify;—it i> a trust that each one in the enrornmw
reposed in the other, with the moral otdigatmn rriiw
on all, that the trust will be performed with fidelity
ao as to bs conducive to the greatest quantity of tiene
the largest number of individual» compound thu n
ment. Hence, it ia evident, that, to vote ». cordi»n
person»! interest, or private feeling, without a reginh
lulereiit« and feeling» of the whole, i» an abuse of H«
reposed in us—a violation of morality, anil a i)»n« m_
Uek upon our political prosperity. " jBff
The anemic* of the sy»tcm of electing all . ffirm l, Af
people, frequently refer to ease», to prove the umt*
paeity in the people—and, I must confi', there Mm
times insisneca (to a superficial observer) wonlf »*__
thia argument powerful. but I am satisfied tbe
needs more from a want of reflection, Ilian awantoDdb
ment —to be plain, the people act with a rrfereacs m*
their own feelings, tban(to tbe Reling« and interest «f,
era;—for instance, men well qualified for office, nilliq
their service» to the people—you then soon hem th
jections raised, and this language used —"0 yn. q
smart man, bot l don't like him, tic don't treat_I,
him go in «nd take a drink, and never asked one of»
drink—and I heard he refused to give one of hisnti
fire—and every body talks hard ofhim—look how m
is—besides, I shan't vote for him no how. "
zena, how timtignifipil, how thoughtless, are »uch
tion«—and how directly injurious arc they to your
terests, and to the interests of those for whom vue
atlybound to «et, to the liest of your judgments
The opposer» of popular elections contend also, tfe
pie even if they dh know how to vote, will not art _
iyi but that they can be excited, and led astray, bjid^Li
flattery and courting
Now fellow-citizens, cannot we prove this »rgutsdj
be a false ond unfounded calumny?—can we note liai
preaching election, "look around the camp, m »I»]
roost worthy, let him be chosen, and let there be pm
betwixt ua."
CoL James C. Wilkiot, to whom wax lain
the appointment of United Slates Senator, law
ply the place of Judge Kills, and u ko had atttf
the rame, has since declined, owing lo the ill*
of bis own health, and a desire lo remain silk
family, while the country is threatened by lire
bable approach of (lid "Enemy of life, the At
Cholera." p m
Tito subjoined copy of Col. W's fetter, lias b d*
furnished us, which we take occasion lo ly
our readers:
Natcihcz, Nov. 10, UR
Dear Shi, —When I informed you on Sundiy irai
that I would accept the Executive appointment,
your good opinion was induced to confide to me (stli
which I pray you lo accept my grateful acknowledjiiai
under the sincere conviction, that I would be#*'
oceomplieh without acrioua injur- to my health Iteldd
ou» journey to Washington, at this inclement Mtearf*
year usKwxmz
bince the receipt of your letter, enclosing Ur atm*'
»ion, I have been admonished by indhpos tlon « nterf
seriously, whether it would consist with th_ _
whirl* I owe both the Stele, end yourself, to ecr«p(Hf
pointraent, involving such high and res|K>n»ible oWIpt«;
especially at tkb critical juncture, without being »4*
sured of my physicsl ability lo accomplish Ihe journo
If any thing should occur by which my arrival it k*
mgion should bo obtruded, until late in the wuieatll
Congress, I would- have the repioach to endure, th 0 Ai
publ.c tervice had suffered through my ifttrumeWlilJ
Hy resigning now, I give you au early and tims
tunity of selecting an individual fully eqrul tot
nml al*o, I hope will be «ble to arrive in time t
pi wilfully, and without fail, all the wishes of the Si* ■
It has given me pain to write this letter ; a sen«ofl«l
growing out of my obligations to the State and. to my ho 1
ly, has impelled me to this measure_The length oftei,
journey ; the inclemency of Ore reason ; and the itatMW
my health make it doubtful, of my ability to reicht!»
of (iovernment during the winter_I owe it to my hu
not to abandon them, when the country i> tl.rcatnwlSjW
disease in its most appalling forms.
It is perfectly certain that these consideration^Hight« q
have occurred to me, when you were so good, wettera> !
the appointment : That they did not, I regret. Bui it*
equally certain, that it is better I should now drcliac At
sppojntment. when the state will suffer no injury, that
■noiilJ accept the nomination, with these doubts aad 44
c!u*!tm ,,lroosin S "y path ; probably to a satisfactory
■ rp*
If the journey wa» practicable, without inrunim *•
•tanger of Cholera, by the river, or bv m.i, I ivmild Jtl «1
to accomplwh U—But thia U impossible.
With great esteem, I
Your pb'b »erv't.
To Hia Excellency A M. Scott,
Near Woodvillc.
A mammoth Potato'.— On Tuesday la*» w»** 1
presented, by John Robson. Esq. of Prospec 1 "
with n sweel potato of tlie Yam specie*, nit'seidefl
in circumference 27 inches one way ninl 28 mclwr
in nnutlier, and weighing 1(1 pound«! U wish* -
ed on Sandy Craelt, in this county, by Mr. AntM?
By the bye, wo should not lie tnuclrdcpl rl ' tfl '
to find the above example, of sending na extiwx
dinary prodttclibtts of the soil, generally foil««*"
Fifty two stieb potatoes would suffire any rripn»
ble man for n twelve month; pint fir be lbd»M*
from ns lo confine ottr friends to sending potato!'
aloSc, a» we should by no means oliject to receiv
ing any quantities of mam-noth beet», tna!i>n w *
liirni|is, mammoth cabbage bead»; or il'it so bcnaj
of ottr acquaintances »liould »end u« a mnmmol
bale of cotton, we » on Id not think oloHcnding
*o mucli as vvaflioiild do by refusing to accept i'
. (.Vafi-.i;.-
irec-PcndnuM—V. P. Rakuo: n has deciinel "^
ning its Virginin—cnnacqucntly Iho Jackson-Van «
•'eket mint »uccoril in that state —'7-

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