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r 5L GOD HELPS THOSE WHO HF.LP T1EMSKLYES. TTinf.'S: $L00 po.- Annum, ir Artvnucu ; COLHOUN & HENRY, Proprietors. - ' ..... . . ll VOLUME 4. YAZOO CITY. MISSISSIPPI. THUKSUW, DKCKMHKlt 18, IS?!), JOS, JJ. WOLFE & CO COTTON FACTOR, Carondolet St New Or lean General Agent For Daniel Pratt's Jmprovei "REVOLVIXG HEAD" COTTON Gl Patented July 15, 1873. Price rednced to $4 per Saw rpniS GIN has been In use for the rust I flv utHsnns. and several recent lm- i rovemcnts have been added. It obviates i. friction at the entlg of the cotton box, prevents the roll from bjeaklnjr.and give a'larjter yield of Lint from the ff.n e amount of seed than any other Gin in u e ti, Kosnlvlnir Head lightens the draii. and causes the (fin to run faster wUu 'e d iving power, Ihus aoinjr a urea mnrA work W Ithln the same time, w economising stemn or animal power limn any other gin. ine Beeu uemji t'"" v.v dose, the lnifth of tl.c stapla is lr cressed, producing cotton on rlilauccoui t ol a (rearer mawi mui-. iin va'ue. given hy tne ii-niriii oi nB mm f-xini p.vdiiction or liiir. added to h ii -eiuaaed amount of work done, mure tlmn rovers the cost of the j:in in every It O lialcs ol cotton ginned. Testimonial sent by mail on application. HIRAM HARRISON. YAZOO CITY, MISS AoentPkatt's Rkolvimi Hbao Gin. .T. S. MUllPIIY&CO. JJfi'gpRTAKERS AND DEALKK5 IH IK""-, to , Wood and Metalic CCEIAL CASES AXD CASKETS! MAIN STREET Yazoo Cm Ml8S All orders from the City or from a distance promptly filled, day or night. . ., f. MT7RPITY. of the firm, is the regular City Sextoh. D R. W. T. MARTIN. DENTAL ROOMS, In Uoeco building Main Street Yazoo City, Miss W. T. GO WAN & CO., RECEIVING AND FOWAROING AGENTS 8 AT ART! A, MISS. We are preparad for any business in the way or receiving ana iowm ing which will have our most cart ful attention and on liberal terms We have a larne and cotamoilious warehouse, and we make this bus ness a specialty, and solicit a share of public patronage. N. li. Any orders for good through us will be promptly atte nd d to. DR. lU.M'GORMlCK' DRUG STORE o o O o o SI Main St Yazoo CHy Having purchased the entire stock of Drugs and Chemicals of Mrs. H . IV Kidd, wc will alwavs keep on Land a full suoply of 1TRE DRUGS aad CHEMICALS, and sell at tea eonable Drices. V. T. C0YA 4 CO, m aitcf AcrtraxRS or LUMBER AND SPRING WAGCN3. Plantation Work and Horse Shoe ing done at short notice. Repairing and Painting of id Ye ,inlp with nearness and d!spach. All kinds of Carpenter Work done in a workmanlike manner. Also, Furniture repaired and reran! ished I-tier from MeffenfU Davit. Recently Col. J. B. Daniorth, edi tor of the Rock Islander, Rock Is land Illinois, addressed prominent Southern Statesmen, inviting on ex pansion of political opinion. The following is Mr. Davis' response: Beauvior. Harrison county, Miss., November ,23d, 1S7.I. J. li. Dan forth, Kwq. My Dear Sir: I was gratilied by the receipt of your let ter a a token of your remembrance of me when in former and in hap pier days W3 were olllcially connect ed with each other. I was also gratified by the receipt of a copy of your paper, the Rock Islander. It so happened that, at the time, a Iocalftndidato JM o1'"" "f u me, i the coii fixation turned up on ''tlij-litrK -honored doctrine of 8tateiighte. Like many others in our section, he supposed this to be a creed which peculiarly belonged to the South. I, who have knoivu and am happy to remember men of every section true to the theory of a Un ion voluntarily formed by sovereign States, endeavored to explain that it was not a Southern idea, but a his totical fact; that it belonged to no section, but sprang iroin the brain of the men who declared ot the in dependence of the Colonies and form ed the compact for a more perfect Union of the States. To prove my misitinn I read to him vour article headed "What is Meant by State Rights?" and was pleased to 6ee the eflect which it produced when he knew that it came from the State of Illinois, and high up on the Missis sippi river. ir there in anything which, more clearly than another, the 1'ramer of the Constitution did not intend to An. it was to submit the people of the States to the unbnilleu win oi a majority ol'the people ol nil the states Sectioual majorities have ehanged; they may, and probably will, change aaa'in; and the bulwark whicu alone can protect minorities from the usurping tendency of a General Gov ernment, 13 a strict construction oi k'U-''atecl powers, ana a iair ooMer- vance of the reserved tights of the Slates, and of the people. When the VStatoe delegate ! cer- taiu lunctions to a general Govern ment, the purpose was declared to to thiM'selves auti their posterity. The Tonfederaiion, winch naa been declared perpetual, was termi- nntpd to form a more periect uniou r ti,,o Staros which should agree to enter into it. Being without any precedent in history, but taught oy the examples of a!l ancient Kepi.u- lics of the rocks ana siioais on uiuu they had been wreck-id, n compact of Union was formed which must ever stand" a model of wisdom on the part of thoso who framed it. lue reservation oi nuw, j"" have forcibly presented, it, "y marks the limit between the powers of the General oovernmeni, mm those which the Slates ana ttu peo ple thereof would continue to exer cise. This was to secure liberty to their posterity, not to elevate a new master to the inrone irom wm. George the Third had been depos ed. In the many years that have pass ed since the formation of that Con stitution, with the many duet fliag istrates the South has given to the Union, it seems strange that, in this day, belief in the doctrine on which the Union was founded, and which was uniformly avowed by the men who illuf-trated its early hietory, should now be regarded as hostility to its existence, and that the creed of States RighU should be held as th ernonvin ot a tesire tr ilestrov the Union of t!. fVvnutitution. Truth is said to be eternal. It is well that it should be for error so far outstrips Its state lv steps that otherwise we might . ... . u .i n .... I'eir wtifctuer trutu woum uuai.j u ertake it. Those who nave carefully notoa the usurpation and oppression to which the South was subjected aiier she had laid down her arms and faithfully agreed to abide by the laws of the United Stat , would have no need to go further in order to find a reason why the South was solidified ia defenre of her rights of person and property. V"oui I the North, under like circumstances. have b"en Ie? so? Would ti.oy have fhown eiu:J patience under coualwrons" Jtis su'elv little less than a frati l to aLate that the assertion by the South of her right to protection un der the Constitution is equivnitnt to a declaration on her part of a desire to eecede from the Union. Any logical miad wonld draw from tbeae facta the reverse conr!uion. It n.ay serve the purpose of artful pol itic! acs to foment aecuocal UiacorJ, and thus make a s'olid North, which, being the uiijorit? section, can then wield the power and appropriate as well the political as the f.nani-;:.! beneOta of the General Goveriime But the men wlio desire a fraternal Union and a g. neral prosperity miit.V see that is not the road by .which either can Le reached. la 1800 the secessionists perse to use the phraso of that day. were few and far between. They are few er now and further between. It is, therefore, utterly untrue that State rights, as asserted here, And canally un true is it that there ii no Ircedom of opinion, or of speech, or the press among us. Personal difficult- and family feuds hare been misrep resent ed as' Political combinations, toj sun- rrea in fwJu'-ttW4uuvwii.itw in poiut of fact our eiecUoM- vf been as poaeable and orderly as else where. Indeed, there has been a studied effort not to permit any no- f1i'H-:il niTIarUiu, nan jiio-o name heads t!ii article ja scharacter who wasonce well kal'wKi-tliis city, and after wards Is name became a -'household w d" in connection with hotel k'-epin ia Mississippi and all the countr between here and New Or. leans. Ifeeiiimed lli.it there was a Jlipollm n every avocation in life, anlthulbo wji the Naj-.oleon of hot tceittrs: niid in so far as tous proceedings whic h could be us ed by emissaries as the means of hi of invali- H.l 'herl'aa:- involved in a til yffMil""11 Wili ufp-oiataue of the tuvVj rd bCsfc of jusing our reputation, or dating our elections. . Impoverished by a devastating war, we desire emigration to culti vate our waste lands, and to restore prosperity to our communities. Wc have a soil aud climate inviting to the agriculturist and the manufac turer, aud would gladly welcome both to a home among us. I have ho present or prospective connection with the politics of the day. My observation and reflec tions are thoso of a man who has served the country long, and would be glad, before bo goes hence, to see peace and piosperity throughout its borders. For yourself, my dear fir, accept assurances of the best 'wishes ana kind remembrance of your friend, Jkffi uson Davis. c0mmfnts of cot. dasfocth When Gen. Davie was Secretary of War, h President Pierce's Cabi net, the editor or the Rock Islander was appoiutcd to the ehatge of tha military reservation known as Fort Armstrong, where Ruck Island Ar senal is now located, and it was through oliicial reports made by him, of the attempt of Lindsley, Urackett, Langtey, Conway and oili er to L'ain Dossession of the Island, tttMMiDaU was a.led,tC"-vl IcihT nurTtj.aVS utmo Gen. Davis then made a .masterly le gal argument before the United States Laud Commissioner, clearly and conclusively showing the rigni ot the United Slates to the land, mid that it was not and never haJ oeen under control ot the land depart ment and was not subject to pre einption or entry. It was that argu ment of Gen. Davis which saved the Island from becoming private prop erty and reserved it for the greatest armory and arsenal in the United States. Gen. Davis had been Ra tioned here in his youth, when he was a Lieutenant in the regular United Slates Army, and he always held that it was the best place in the United Statf.s for the purposes i,, which it is now devoted. Alter ward.i, when ho was United States Senator, the squatters attempted to ciin uosaession by act or ong.tss, We well recollect or oe.ug " "" oaHery of the Senaf? when tneir uui ' r . - . : I. i ... U..IM1WT came up, anu oi st-cma """ to his feet and denounce and expose and utterly destroy the Squatter a bill. It was never heard of afterwards. About three years aao, ns our readers will remember, we published the argument of Gen. Davis on this subject, made in 1857, and it was read with much interest by the r,Dnr,lenf thia reirion. They will with equal pleasure read his letter in this paper.wherem ne paj svn... tribute to the Federal Union aud endorses the doctrine of the supre macy of the Federal Government in every particular in which power is civen to it in the Consatution. His exoo3ition of Southern opinion on t baco an hieeta will be eratifying to tlltxotpt those who wisu to Keep up sectional hate and eecwional pol itics. orii'inaiy goes nis ciann was not without oumlatiou. He camo from South I roliaa, where, in the militia service, hick was some service in those d s, he acquired his title of "Genor Jf and settled in Somervltie, in tl'iff t5bjg before my time. rS cta:- involved in a por- "hU "m"f"" sUuce oi c. .i 0 of the tnV. M bet of his wife-i-le Reaped jail and fled to Texas, where A-e remained about a nTAonrdeu. also an old veteraii bAe.a-eper, once a c lU.en Bhv'ho "died in ine u:- .tssippi t-iiy, i i cuily his'ory of Gcu in, b?.td: )ii the streets of Mem i ray astonishment, I lli.l him) -Mac. At ter excljini 'i saluwuous witu I said I "M e, what in ' f,l7' brough you 'iack herer" McMack- in' reiJc A-ahe-nuiok and reauy . i,..,i ,.,I,.-1S. hunir in Tennessee than li-tn4.her year in i n nni bJk to Somervill t,ried anfl b4oruly acquitted h.Tl unhealed as A hotel ll ; M ll A t lion Jihla of Mississippi, iritb ihish times and excitement frcatcd by the lands bv ih Government purchase kJowa ns the Lands." J ,il i.!, at fllint-ss of Men! licss at'i: ing to H i X erai Mc la "Ouo lav phis, mile! -f'. met (ailie it X-9 was He keeper at sale of of the Chickasaw ii9 tuld me olten ot ..Wnt ii ea tbero as a h tel keep r, where, it a few rustic cabins and sheds, temporarily erecceo, ...i i I nri iin('(l more people y muiiv,- . - . i-.li unif-ntn(,ors. United K.t,.u .,.t, linianioners. Indian clneis etc., .'tc.J than tuv h tel iu the nito.1 sti.tea ever did for the same lmif-th of time. , He made a small Memnhis mid ..i 1 In ifl.kii aivro Uoiei, lei-uu.i .u , ' . '. , I.ii- a few el-cenorio ituu pecu.iui - i- ei.liy pry!" t'it-.e-. neoVe thK'lit tiiaj) yellow levAr, and other pruiVssiou JOll were (it tlm hea i at it." This, elegant coiui iiiiiciu u u I line tact secured for him Bishop l'olk'a lVic:ilsaip for life, and I lj lievo was rowanlud during the war by an appoiiilinut in the army ns tjiiarlci master. After tlio war lie returned to his old avocation, but he a impoverished and struggling iii.iululiy Huirinst that and old a.;e, disease ti.ruck him, and he finally, a few years ago, weid. down under all aud died ut Hot Springs, Aik. Ilo started out in hia businessby calling his bill of fare ut the head of the t ble, and it uhvays consi'.ti'd ol' tiie best, aad wus Uiiexixj'tionauly cool; ed; and with his carving kr.ife- and folk, iu hand, and his bi;j nproii on, he was and he loo!-: ;d the vi"'y "Geii- .,r., i'. i g- . ' v'1--' .'. i.,K.s. w-t.i -h : a- i -- . , ...... i. ... to In i bo inl, wii.cu would Hot believe - lio had not par-tieipa-.ed iu his c-o.l cheer, "b Mae" us he trot to be eal'.ed, vv.cv while keeping hotel l J.v.i -;". I"1' capital of Mississippi, was it..ian to lak by a progressive Legislator to kuo.v whv he ilid not nave puuua bills of fare ii!e other Hrst class Ho tel keepers. "Old Mae." with a pe culiar twinkle of uink'MMi, black eye, full ol humor, answered, ion sic, r-,,i,,Mr.! he said he never nlloAol anybodv tb stop nt his house of low- mil' i i lion u u n-.ii, ....... i members of the Legislature, niM uic fact is, though you must never men- it. verv fuwofthem can read. ni I,, mtrui. nravu us w- true to all ttiankiud, an unnincu ing and devoted friend, a better man ,i,n nn MeMackin never lived. bUMU - . Thousands who will doumte'w icau n.io .Hifln though they did not know turn as 1 knew him, l un oer .i,., rumi iebor some kind i:it w q j , , . ..,,.,1 I... in.a Htiokeu. or some kuiu IIKOMI U.S OF 1 A.tK). tin this day Jo yenis "";, the P1 lowing I.. the co-toa report lor Un citi . ' ' "Tltcle has been a decided i i.sn in cotton. Some has t'eeii sold III t ii place at 1. I cents; in N, w Diiv.uis and . Mobile it ii M-id t be worth tiiun 17 m Is cunt. A i l in Nov Voik as high as til cents. Tut crop i i-sliiiiiled at l.OtlO.IUlU bales. W'e think it uu, exceed than lull short el 'thai c-. lunate, though in ftonle pi iees iiiiieh injurod by ll i Is and sun'iiis. Andrew Gihb g-iv. niilicc that h i li.i.l lieivcd hi i ! t k li'irtii Liu ol,l r the iu-uKu:., : the bnck el. "'I iy:'bxik "v ould be u ery j l'ii." J.i y and u'rUlare is a huckos some brick structure from the land- ing to Jelferson t-acet. But althouli , ....i .... u.M.ijiriii Olir C i l V lias impiveu " in v lent, i. HU'o ediloviu! paii- . ......... ...Jiiiiiii uboWtl glV.ptl HI CO" HiUIIW VWiu that they h.uulled woie colln thou we do nl the piesont day. bo R'n- rph save: "We predicted ntltio beginning tha season tuiu . ia clieslcr would fhip -0.01X) tunes oi cot-ton this season, and it seet.is that our estimate will be exceeded, as Unit number of bales has already passed through and tho crop is, not .1 Ml . -1 . I f y,n ' .ii i Din H'-rAUeel gi'ueTihUyiuvi'lAs ar. act he has performed in his day In We could head on, una voice as ear- when or- lt is Gen. Me- Tns Sbxtihel is the largest paper evei published In the Yazoo Valley, and contains ss much reading iu.it- in tha Stale, audi more than twice as much as any published in this section. It is Dem ocratic ti the core, and is the paper for the people. Subscribe bow. Terms 12.00 per ancun. in advance. Uekidux is buying so much cot ton this season that the ra.irc.ad are unable to conyey U away. 'Tis tweet to love, but oh, how bit ter! To lo a 71 sn 1 then not git her. lereTA-cnajtuc lreadeil things -Ui atvomplish than to escape it. But misfortune, greatly mixed up witu liis good luck, leu upon u... lie lost Ids hotel bv lire, and every thing in it, and us ii. was before the davs of insurance he was cleaned out. He set his head then lor Jack son, Miss., flourished there lor many years, and from thence struck lor Yicksliui"-. where he became a"pow er in the faod," and wound up his lather remarkable career. It was there I knew him best, thouga I had bpoii him at Jackson in Ins paimy .Lea wiieii I wus a bov, at the ot his tabl, with his big apron on. ..firein" knife and fork iu hand. ealliutT out in a loud tone of his hill of fare, and looking nest as a Field Marshal d Aug a. charge. In an artkle of tins lengui, iinnnssibie to describe Mackia and all his peculiarities as a man and hotel keeper. Ha was an originality aud essentially '-sul gen ciis." It would take a boon to bold hllh irood thintts said by him andofhiin. He was the most gen ial, kiud-hcane.l man I ever knew. No one. however humlilo might be his station, ever came to his house and went away dissatislied. It was a natural faculty with him to meas ure every man and know exactly i... tr. iri.it. lii:n a a a iruest. As an ;!'....;., r.t t'.iK it is told of him Iliuaw ........ - , that on one occasion, the l.ishop ol L)dtTfTr!frthe late' Gen. I'ol. of Coctedcratc fame, came to his hutel. McMackin went out to receive and jjive him welcome, as he ma-le it his r..,uir,t. tji .lo with evcrv one who stopped with him. Seeing at once that he had a distinguished guest, he. approached the Bishop aud said: 'General, I am glad to see von; walk in, while I attend to your big gage." The Bishop then (for that wss before the war), innowi.se pleas ed with the title given lam, replied: "I am not a genentl." "Judge, men promptly fpokc McMackin. "Nor." Jud either," said Bishop l'olk. "Wed, then, Bishop." McMackin i re plifi very cor.Ontly ; and the Bi'h op wilked into the cUice. While Li bsggsge was being cared for, the iiishop aecosled Gen. klcMick in an 1 dti,t1 to ko bow ti was that he had first add reused bim as "General' "Judze," and fiia'.lt "Bishop," bis true title, "ell. replied McNackia. "it iaeasy caongU for I knew whatever might be your the laii-runiio ol falsiaa, have boiler siiared a better man. J . o . I Memphis Avalanche. , 4 - A Noi-lfirri Journal n Xaik CIihikUci'. The Southern press has denltkind lv with Mr. Clr.ndler. Win. has been said against tho dead man comes chiefly from the North, ihc r ...,,i,.i- f 1'. n. 111., writes: "irTnil i.f lK"Ve Wibll k-'- soonei-." It would have bean better f, it 1 ltf ik(illl!Lt V if Le had. The fas- !. we ter this breed of poiittcms .ino tne i. it-ii-ill lif. ti.r us nil. and the happier shall we be. Ho wi.s a po litical pestilence; for selfish purpos es, n veritable hyena. His only pub lic business was to dig up the bones of the war dead, and rattle them be fore the country, and thus keep alive the bitter iinitnodlies of the past. Judged by his utterances his heart waslutl of hate, and no good can ome from such a heart. Mr-U'V-' o t in te war during the clash ol atlle, fcince the South lnyi down us arms he has been its unreasonable, bilicr, lauliguant, liendish foe. Iu nnblic ho "ave no indication of a i . i c pa. All ill." The Steamer Yazoo, Capt Autcr Isauuounccd to vun ns a packet be tween this place and New Orleans. Capt. Auter was a citi.en of Vlcks bm i: until about 2years ago, and If wc Mistake not is still living mem. Mr. Jonb Otieui, whom almost ev ery citizen of to-day remembers, was married on this day to Miss. Louisa Higgin botham, by tho Rev. Mr. , Coinpur. Even, in thoso early days tho peo- jle were compelled occasionally to protect themselves by takiug the law into their own bands as the fol !...i.,.v tract lrorriYi Yicksburg pa r.r ,iVw J . ... - Yazoo milter but Will prove inter esting as a rcuiincctnce of this sec tion, SuMMAitr execution. We have just learned that a summary execu tion took place on the bodi. of llvo gamblers ut Vicksbur;: on the (ith inst. U seeiiiS that the citizens of that city, unable longer to endiiro the enoMiiilies of these blood mi lt ers, notified them lo leave that plucu wituin 2 1 hour., or abide the conse queuces. A number Immediately fled, but some to the number of live armed themselves and defied tn citizens- induced to this (.ot.-csc, r doubt, from the Impunity witli which they have hitherto wrpetraU o,l dm most diabolical vilUniea. An ...... ..n.ti A I lf T.I in 1 av Tvtis over, the South whipped, humil- i attempt wasn.ade to take the .0 men. iated and unpoverished, he bttuipeu eoon it. and reviled it with halclui, biMcr, taunts. His slock in trade wan unbridled abuse of one section of our common country. He prided hims'Ul upon the venom of his speech against the South. If possi ble his lust speech was the worst. Untruthful, and malignant enough to suit tho devils in hell. When a!', of his kind are dead, the war w ill .Ho mi l nr-ien will come cnil make its home once more amongst ui. We write as we do because we love our country, and in our honcft judgment Zack Chandler was a curse lo iu His influence was baneful Ho has gone to bis account. Let him 8,;l tle it as be can. Untruthful, man' nant, wean, without a kicdiy ili.in.titur eenerolis lUioulsO, tl.C embodiment or hnte, the k:iidet tura ho ever served his country was by dying. We bid him farewell without regret. A human loiter, he leaves nolov bihi;;;l. History will diEhoUoi him. those in knew him will lonrH him. A pestilence U psed. The country may biealhc freer." HAiT.:!rof the I'-aK sviiie Blade, requests Lis f.iends to send him news on a potlal card. The man who could get ail on a postal card that Harmon calls for would write a rcmaikably small Land, would lie cursed by printer nnmercifnlly. Either molify Jemands, brother Harmon, or permit your coi respondents 1 1 on le'.ter paper, at iea-t. and most your else u'liich was done, but With tlK! los of one, of the most valuable citizens, a Dr. Bodly. who received the cou tents of three guns us h; oicned the door of tho houso whero they had taken their stand. This outrage changed their punishment from casligaiion to death. They were accordingly evented on tho following morning on the common 'allows, by "han'insr. This is a harsh and summary mode or mulct ing punishment for crimes however Llnck, but the exigency of the limes requires it. There is ronie. radical delect in our laws the Judges bay it is the defect of our popular Con stitution it may be, we know that crime freidiently goes unpenishe I, and our citizens must resort W themselves for protection- and a Squire Lynen has proved ineiiHcviiw Squiie Jack KeitcU Us been substi t'i.t"d. From the disclosnres lr-tely made. at Ittnton and other plaireH, it seem that our State is infested by a br-H'i cine pared to wl'.ota, Alon.o I'helps would be etUeiucd an honest mm. Many of th wretchea have suffer ed the same yumshment at the gam blers of Yicksburg. and the cordage is bow uncoiling lor many othcis equally fciiiity. We s-e oppotiwl to mob liw, but it wout.1 Ik; a mockery of Justice t t through the ronna'.ity of a trial wuh tu. h yilliani. We Lave Leaid of a nuoiber of execution, and none without exultation. We hope thaV tl great exciUmcnt will soon be all-iye'l, and that our citU"os may 1 pt-rm:.t.ert pursne their usual TCK-aiious ia peace aail uai.q iiUy .