By Sirs. Harriet N. Prewett
YAZOO . ClT-Y, FRIPA Y, - JANUARY '14, 1853.
VoL 11, Vlo. 27 w vVholc IVo. 867;
V THE YAZOO CITY WHIG
iB E?TEDAND PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY
Bf MRS. HARRIET N. PRCWETTj
ON JEFFE30N 8TREET.
JXT2 .Ths VVaio will b furpUhed to eubwrib
n'hiaa rw-.n.-. rpr annum in advance, or Four
ot paid witbia mottlb. FiveDollara at the end oIW
T'ABTERriiicKMTs will be inserted a Ihe rat 01 100
Itoerajuare for I be fint , insertion ana ou ceo. vu
week thereafter 1 line or, less, roimituling a square,
i k. nnmhst nf in.ortion rnuired. must be marked oa
yuetnarna of the manuscript, or they will . ba inserted
t II orbid, aid charged accordingly.
! Z Yearly Advertising, x ?
I For fortr lioea or leas, renewable at pleasure, $40.00
No contract taken forlesa than one year and payable
ImltFearly In Jvanca. , , . ....
Tlia privilege of annual adwttisera la limited to their
-. ( vwi immediate business, and all advertiaementa f r the
I i of other acrsoaa. sent lubytnein, imutoepam
j .or by' the square. , '
V" professional Advertisements.
-VM Wines or les, not alterable, 3 months. WOO5
.f10 . do do .. do 6 . do 15 00
-10 do do do is. ao w
rfAIX JOB WORK MUST BE PAID FOR Oil DE
LIVERY. - " ,
AXD FUBXISHIXG GO 0DS.
At Wholesale and Retail, by
Win. II. Stercns,
No. 2, WASHINGTON ST., VICKSBURG.
fFlHE'suhscriber takes pleasure in now of
fering to bis costumers and the public
the largest, most complete" and best selected
stock of . . : :
? Clothing and FurnisJilng Goods
' ever brought to the State. His long exper
; ience in manufacturing, for the. Southern
market, has enabled him, he thinks, "to suit
the wanis and tastes of ati classes. Whole
sale purchasers, as well as all others, are in
vited tolexaraine his extensive stock ofrich,
-ftJ ' 'Able and new style -
I "r rrzT. nrul WIXTER CL O TIIIMGt frc,
I ' , vhich shall be sold on as good terms as; in
"STasjs attested by his heavy sales to mer
chants and others who have tried the mar-!
kets. His stock'compnses everyning in tne
CSothing aud Furnishing line, &:c., lor gen
tleman, youths and boys. , - "
Frock, Dresf, Frock Tee and Register;
Bl'k, brown,blue,vio!et, olive & green Frocks
do do do do Frock.Teas and Sacks,
da do do do Registers and Paletots,
; Fancv cassfmere business and sporting Suiis,
y Black and colored trencn aoeeKin coais;
" Uusiness coats of all kinds.qualities & sizes,
. f wieTrack cloth dress coatp.
' oth, beaver, doeskin, petersham, &c,
Juperfine blacn, brown and blue loth,
'Blach and brown Himraalaya,
Grey, clouded and coPd beaver & petetsham,
Blue, drab, grey and matttd blanket. . ' .
- CLOAKS, v
Finn black cloth. long and short,
Super. Cicironean, Himraalaya, Talmas and
Ul&ck cloth Talmas, rich indeed. r ,
YouTns and Boys
rats. pants, vests and shirty .s ,
t.oib, cassimere, tweed and satinet coats,
fjver and blanket over coata.'eic.
C. y; PANTS. . ' ;
Black and fancy cassimeres, .
Clouded and checked cassimere and satinet,
ack and fancy doeskin French & English
Heavy bongean,sheeps grey aud ta inet.
rVESTS. ; '
I New styles and beautiful patterns;
L Rich silk plush and velvet,.
P'.ack and fancy silk and satin,
:ncy cashmere and Valencia,
, ,ck and coPd watered silk very attractive
- cloth and satin embroidered,
. tv Vests in great variety and beautifu!.
-Linen; linen bosoms and collars
" )m3 without collars, fancy muslin,
v y'Ciuds and qualities ot shirts for men and
. boys. ' - -: ;" -
' Under Shirts Merino, lamb's wool, silk,
Viaker. flannel, cotton and Lis'e. ;
: Drillinr? and . net. browrr and 4
. hite, silk, flannel, merino and Canton flan-
ael, ' " , ' ' . . . ' .':':
- ... - -
T Cravats and Stocks Black and fancy silk
md satin qt every conceivable quality and
pattern; new and very rich and beautiful.'
f HandJcerckiefs Silk.China eord.Spiulefield
i and linen cambric, all sorts and sizes. ; y
' Half Hose Domesticand British, merino
silkj.wool, brown and white cotton and coU
1 ton with merino feet, y ,
-. Cloves Krdrof all colors, sizes and quali-':-
ties, buckskin cassuiiere, vecunar-tslothj
4S f ?ced, silktg?untlets.etc'"-v.'.;-' y
f wn 'te and' pearl Koesnth and French, all of
t Z31 ty!es-i-md.n and boy's, y
Vys4-Me nS youth's and boy's' military
'-loth;)oisilk;jj:zed and silk plusht
I Boots end Shoes Lest calfi sewed and peg
yef4. V""" ; ::'--. -
ha r!ers Silk, gum elastic, linen, etc.
XYalki'9 Canes Whalebone, Hickory, Eh
:iy,jia.!acct &p, with gold, silver, oxadised,
-oxt crooked .and fancy heads: K: , f -:
, iVizni carpet bags and valices, .. ;j
1 Oi cl5 h and India Rubber suits, cloais
gin., cap., etc., together with many ar
:ieF, wi.ich would be an endless work to
rnunierat3 such as dressing gown, money
Le!t. nurses, norte monnais, dressing cases,
Worstenuaira s ana waae u emeu
' nives and ra7,or?,hirt collars, hair
c jmb?, pocket trok., perfumerytc.
' at the establishment $ nd see for
. - cor 5, WM. II STEVENS.
and Mittiematical InstrumerU
T:d-er ' arJ Lrj'oricr," ' y.
"A E3AU . STREET," New Yoek
rjl"and' Sarveyor's Instruments,
.-. Level--, Compasses,; &c, of the
, .. n , f ;nn m a G3 to crd.:-r: a;.;o.
, - - T
HAVING beeh, burned out by the recent
fire, and beinffdesiroua of closins mv busi
ness, I will sell my ENTIRE STOCK (from
15 to 820,000 worth) of i 1 ,f. v. . '
STAPLE AND FANCY DRY GOODS.
Ifais, Caps Hoots, Shoes; Clothing, Saddley,
at Cost, for CASH. ; ; 1
Blerchantk aswell as Planters Would do well
to call and examine my stock one door below
J. J. Fouche. N. W. ELLIS, i
Yazoo city, Dec. 10, 1852. 22-3 m :
rrnilE undersigned would respectfully inform
t-M. the citizens of Yazoo city, that he will
take charge of the Classical School in that
place on fhe first Monday in January, 1853. ,
He proposes to teach all the branches of .hd-
ucatfen usually taught in such Schools,viz: La
in: Greek, French and ilathematics, also the
Natural Sciences. ' : : '.. i
Having had several years successful exper
ience in teaching in the South, he feels confi
dent of giving satisfaction to the patrons of the
school. And he obligates lumseit to make tne
school one of permanency and high reputation,
provided he receives liberal patronage from the
citizens of Yazoo city and vicinity.
Tuition fees from $3 00 to 85 00.
J. A. SAMPLE.
December 3, 1852. 21-tf.
Fruit aud Ornamental Trees and
' ;-.y Shrubs. , ',V
y Vicksburo, Mississirn.
TNVITE the attention of the cultivators of
"choice Fruit and Flowers, to their- extensive
collection of Trees and Plants now on hand,
comprisinsr a great variety of new Roses, Green-
House Plants, Hardy Trees and "Shrubs, J'C.
Priced Catalogue of Fruit Trees, J lardy Trees
and Scrubs, House plants, Koses ty-c,- supplied
to post-paid applicants, or can be had of C. T.
MANN, Druggist, Yazoo city.
Vicksburg, Dec. 10, 1852- 22-3 m. .
Ofiicc Mississippi Central Railroad
HOLLY SPRINGS, Nov. 29, 1852:
XOTICE TO STOCKHOLDERS.
A MEETING of rhe stockholders of the
ja. Mississippi Central Railroad Company
will be held at Carrollton in Carroll county on
Tbnrsday the 6th day of January next, for the
purpose of accepting or rejecting the amend
ment to the Charter enacted at the recent
called session of the Legislature of this State,
approved October 16th, 1852, and for the trans
action of such other business as may at that
time be deemed important for the interest of
W. GOODMAN President.
December, 10,1852, , . 22-31
a a. b; faston. F. R. TURrEr.
FANTON & TUBLEY,
(Successors to T. B. WheeUt & Co.)
A LWAYS keep on hand the largest variety
-of Dry Goods, Boots Sho6s Hats,4 Caps,
Clothing, Saddles, Carpet &c, in Vicksburg. ?
Their stock is equal in richness, cheapness and
extent to any In the southwest New Orleans
not excepted. :: :f y nov 1 0-t f. ,
ORDERED by the Board of Police,of Yazoo
county, that from and after this date, the
following shall be the rates of toll at Rich
ards', and Andrews' ferries on the Yazoo River j
For a waggon it 2 horses,mules or oxen, 40 cts.
Each additional annimal, v 10 cts.
" Carriage and 2 horses or mules, 35 cts.
Buggy and 1 horse, , ,25 cts.
" Blan and horse, y 15 cts.
u - Footman, . 10 cts.
Over 4 footmen at the same time, , 5 cts.
Loose horses, mules or oxen ? , 5, cts.
And it is furtherordered, that these rates be
published in the Yazoo City Whig, five times.
Attest: ' JAS. H. BE LL, clerk.
December 17, 1852.
GUNS! GUNS Fine Donble barrel -Guns.
015 to $75; Fine assortments of Rifles, all
made to order and warranted; -
Colt's and Allen's Revolvers;'
Single barrel Deringer and others.
Oct 29-16 y y v DOWNING & MOODY
LD PORT and Maderia Wine, for me Jica
purposes, in store and for sale by
may 21, lsoz. ;;. u. TAituuuuii.
Mississippi Female College
( Under the patronage of the Mississippi Ecp-
- - -i jist state, uonvennon. )
Rev. Wm. Carey Crane, A. Vu. rrcsidrnti
: and Trofetsor of Ancient Languages, Eth
ics and Belles Letters. .
Henr; M. Jeter, M D.j Lecturer oil Chem
riistry.'.;v"' :-:-' ; f
Thoma3 W. White, A.M., L. L. B., Lec
turer on Political Economy. vl
Miss Mary A. Lyons, Instructea in Mathei
maiics and Music.
r!i?s . Celeste M. Scollard, Ir.nruc. 3 in
lTaf ural Science and Ornamental branches
Mrs Sarah F Jone?, In?tructre3 pro tern in
, Music on the Pianoi -.ITiss
Elizabeth .Dwighf.Tntrrctrs.: rl:cl in
Music and English.
JT B Towns,: Instructor i:i .'Iuis cn
Mrs A CSatterHeM, Prece-trc.", cf iho
Mrs R B Pierce, Matron.
Mr and Mrs Crane, bo.irdir -
The next session ill c"r.:..
day, February 23th, 'an. tl' t .
day, July COili. Pupil recf ir. !
and chssed. Theantn::! cx
of a bonding pupil, wLo c:
i i l-
will not exceed $ 130, wit
enterincr lor a e:
ceivec! for a r !; c r : :
cording to ths ri
I it O
... Abe cc
: r r
LISTt OF LETTERS ,
f E3IAINING! in t the Post .Office at Yazoo
AV ity, Jan, 1, 1853, which if not taken out
in 3 months, will be sent to the dead letter
A. Alexander W II, Adams W J.
" B. Befrv'.S G. Bordlev R II. Bovd A
P, Ball Dr w n2, Banon Blum, Brideforth
J C, .Bank 8, Miss M C, Bojd Miss Aura M
C, Brice 1 Miss Mary Jane, Brown Simeon,
Bridges Rowone, Bristcr vr t, Blache, Blev
ens Green. '-.,,' "
0.- Carson David, Cantrill E F, Carr n
try Cnppin J R. Carroll John, Carteaa Jas,
Uorbin 1 nomas JI 3, Uollabe Mr Chauneey,
Chureli J, Crondall 1 BCunningnam F
vooper d m, tjorouii i.
' D Tinrmirrli n"f 9 Dfivia J TivfiT wm 1
Davis Major Ilr Daniel David, David Frank
lin, Doyle P S, Donooah L F, Dewres Theo,
Duncan Col John, Dillard U Nr Duncan
Andrew. - . , . ' , ...
; E. Ellis Mrs E H, Everett Thos, Edring
ton J D, Edmonson, Edwards S m. '
: F. Faust S Cm Esq, Frasier R P, Feigl
Michael. . '
G. Giigsby E C, 'Godfrey Bridget 2,
Goldsmith it, Galaspie T II & w b 2, Gill J,
Gibson E.T, Gaston J L, Grishara wm.
H.-IIall David 2, Harvey J,' Harrison J
a; Hill J II, Heard J F, Hanson J J,? Hen
derson E, Hughs Mrs Malinda, Hedrick a,
Hawley a w, Harvey Mrs J F, Huston J P,
Hunt Crane, Harbin J, Hooker N B 4, Hill
Francis, Ilumnhries J M,IIunlev wm, IIor
.... A - OS
William. - '
J.- Johnson w S, Jackson r a, Johnson
wm, Johnson Mrs m e, Johnson James, Jack
son John, Johnson Dr B F, Jenkins Miss m
e c," Jolly Gardner. ; r .
K. K earney w o, King w p, Kauts J.N,
King a w.
L. Linch J, Lee Mrs Celindy, Leigh F
J, Ltisk ' Robert, Link John, Lestle Aaron,
M. McLamore Thos, Meredith L R.Mc-
KinJey D, McBristian Mr. Meredith B.Maiks
Jonas, Myers Joshua, May oO R, May Eli
zabeth, Mooke wm, McLean Allen, McCor
mick J, Merwin Joseph, Montgomery Aaron,
McNeil & Hill, McNeil J ,Y, Martin Mrs Eli
zabeth, March Banks C vr, Mullen m'iss Dru
silla, Marks Isaac 3. .
N. Nelson T J.
O.O'Neil Mrs Matilda, 0,'Bricn James,
O 4 Conner J.c.
P. Pritchett Sarah Ann, Pleasants t a,
Purvis, Rev j w, Phillips m r, Price L T,
Lottlcary wm, Pugh Dr, Prince w B,Peircy
J, Phillips Mrs F B. r
R. Richardson Geo B c, Richardson Mrs.
t m, Randall Thomas, Reeves J c, Roand
Frank, Rose James, Rithers wm, Roberts a
t, Rabb Hester, Rice Dr j c, Robinson Jer
emiah, Reed W n, Robinscrr.
S. Scott wd, Sargeant t a, Shepard wm,
Smailin Samuel, Sorrels James, Simmons
A t, Smith J L, Smith wm, Shaw Mrs E D,
Seymore Robert, Smith J N, Stone Alex; 4
T. Ttttt Mr, Tucker Mrs llosana, Thomas
Marks, Tilly Miss Sarah J, Turner o m 3.
V. Vcrdelett a, Vanderberg r k w.
W. Williams J c 5, Wilson w j 2. Wor-
sley John, Watson r a, Westerby J S 2,
Woods James, White R J, Walker Alfred,
Williams S J, Williams caYrol, Walker j w,
Willis Dr IF S, Wildy W W, Weeks Geo,
White Mrs F,E, Williamson W II, Wormack
John, Wendorth Henry, West Mrs B F,
vvhite Mrs Jane, Wormutz William.,
Persons calling for any of the above letters
will please say they are advertised, or they may
not be delivered. GOE. B. DIXON, P. M.
; NEW FIRM, .
H1G GIN BOTH A M & CO.
WE, the undersigned, have formed a part
nership for the purpose of transacting a
General Produce, " Grocery and Liquor
We will keen constantly on hand a general as
sortment of Family GKocEaiEsWinesjBran
dies, Hardware, Cutlery, and Ojieensware,which
we will sell very low. "
O. W. HENDERSON.
Yazoo city, Dec 24, '52.
OlSTOLS-RevolVing.Self-cocking and oth-
Yjizoo city. Dec 26, '51. :S. II. WILSON.
Y a resolution of the Hon. Board of Town -
Cduncili Sealed Proposals will be received i
bv J. P. Bailey, chairman of the Street com-;
mittee. until the 27th Inst, for throwing up a
Levee from Water street to the Bridge on Jef
ferson street. By calling on him you can 6ee
plan and specifications. - - . ' ' ,
GEO. M. POWELL, city defk
Vazooity, Dec. 17, 1852. ' 23-2t.
"UST received direct from New York a lot
ty 0f vcry fin? and superior double-barrel Shot
Guns, with newly improved locks, o me la mi
nated barrels. Also a few handsome Rifles,
and for sale Ly J. HEARD & CO.
Ya-oo city, av-. 27, 1S52. - - 8-tf.-
""7E re receiving our stock of Pkoduce
and Geoceries, Baggixg,Rofe, kC", and
r: - .rod to fcrniah our c;istumers as usual.
... w !
n j' -i T
L7.1S":. j. heard&co.
-M t iv to ;r friends and custorr.:r3,
in a ;
': . ! wo will 3 opening a syen
' V.v eelected ttock of Staple and
' ,"f lancy Dry Goods direct from
' . i'l b2 toll Et prices to suit the
- . j, J. HEARD & CO.
".i?A.3z C . Kcjrccs
ON TIME. . ; -.11
? . -11 a Plantation on
ro-.tirg one milo,togeth-z:-f
corn, mu!:s. cattle,
'1 fip-irr' utencal'.
t' L ,.nco c; t!
.y t-"t c:i:V 3 l.CCO
: '' . y . v e'sv.
As oece a Grecian maiden wove
Her garland mid the summer bowers,
There stood a youth, with eyes of love,-
; To watchher while she wreathed the iiowers.
The youth was skilled in papting'b art,
Uut ne'er had studied woman's orow,
Nor knew what magic hues the heart
Can shed o'er Nature's charm, till now; .
" ' choIvCs. . y ,
tii t. t i :' - ,
All that's fair and bright belowi
His hand had pictured many a rose,
And sketched the rays that lit the brookj '
But what were these, or what were those.
To woman's blush, to woman's look?
,'Oh! if such magic power there be,
This, this," he cried, 'is all my prayer,
To paint that living light I see,
And fix the soul that sparkles there.'
His prayer as soon as breathed was heard;
His pallet touched by Love crew warm,
And painting saw her thus transferred,
r rom lifeless flowers to woman s form.
Still, as from tint to tint he stole,
The fair design shone out the more, .
And there was now alife, a soul,"
Where only colors glowed before
Then first carnation learned to speak,
And lilies into life were brought; ,
While mantling on the maiden's cheek.
Young roses kindled into thought, ,
Then hyacinths their darkest dyes
Upon the locks of beauty threw;
And violets transformed to eyes,
Enshrined a soul within their, blue.
Blest be Love, to whom we owo
All that's bright and fair below;.
Song was cold and painting dim,
Till song and painting learned from him.
Tyranny of the Petticoats.
BT FANNY FEBN." " '
"We males swagger and talk of our su
periority, but only the savage has practised
dominion over the 'weaker sex, simply be- guished chieftain whose position was such
cause he bangs his refractory female in lord- that he ; could not obtain additional rank
iy style 1 We don't beat our women, and without legislation. . It might be said that
are, therefore; slaves; we are forced to knock j a brevet was of little value; it was, however,
under, because we have fastidious notions ( beyond price to the soldier, because it was
of knocking them down! This may be ; the stamp of his country put upon Ins gal
quite correct; I only state the fact without -lant services, and brevet was the proof that
commentary. Unbeaten woman is a tyrant, his services had been recognized, and that
A little blonde creature with fair eyes, fra- was the reason why it was so highly priied
gile figure, whom you could crush in your
manly grasp, somehow or other you find
yourself trembling before her, as before a
crowned potentate. She bends yott to her
purpose; to her caprices; if you quail not
before her anger she rushes into hysterics!
What is helpless," and, above all, clubless
man to do? Be meek and acquiescent."
Of course; no other way, my dear sir, if
you want your shirts madeXo suit you.your
old pants resurrectioniscd, your dinner kept
hot, or any other little accommodation (when
you are in a hurry and can't stop to discuss
matters). "Clubless manl'M like that, I'd
like to know if they don't always resort to
ARMS when they intend to subdue us? . I
merely ask for information, as I am an old
maid myself. Now there is no Use trying
to drive any of the female gender (I'm one
of the sisters, and feel myself qualified to
"take the floor," Mr. Chairman)! .There
is no necessity for making such a bungling
piece of work of matrimony. Were l a
man, I'd engage to manage any wife yott
can bring along. , (Between you and I, I
should keep the bits and reins out of sight)!
But I'd do it. She should be as docile as
a kitten, and believe herself master of the
house, tool O, pooh! you don't understand
the philosophy of the thing 'tisn't every
man that has a call to be a husband Do
you suppose if you feed and clothe a wo
man, and keep hef . warm, that's the end of
the chapter? Pshaw imagine me -to; be
"Tom" Fern! When I come home from
the office, I should take a microscope view
f rnv Hflar Fannv's face, to see which wav
. j s re iva An r
luu . .
the many thousand petty annoyances of
housekeeping, I should just put my arm
around her blessed little neck (never mind
ing collars and fixins), and'tell her I didn't
care a' damaged cigar whether I, had my
favorite pudding or hot, if she only loved
me. Wouldn't she brighten up, hey? Do
you suppose I'd go staving ; up and down
the room like a hyena, aud knock over her
work-basket, and tread on the baby, and
break the bell-wire, and scowj till I looked
like one of those "gutta percha" phizes?
No, sir! Then I'd kiss her, and tell her. to
keep up her spirits till I come horiie at night,
and we'd have an early loa, and hear Tom
my his prayers,, arid go to ('-ell I darsn't
say it; but I'd tais her there)!
"Well, sir, the consequence frould be she
wbuld see I was the san.3 fascinating Tern
who begged her oa my marrow, bones cn
moonlht evenings ,elo male md the hap
piest u'xnen," and there isn't one woman in
a thousand (treated that way) that Wouldn't
jove f:n you were &3 happy as a fly ia a
moh: C3 cup! As to meek men, defend me
frc: i Bettys ia ccrduroysl I'd prefer to o
"ban"? cf a refractory temalel
r 1-3 under a tyrant than over .a
rtHDAY, JANUARY . : 14, 1853.
General Scott as U cut. General.
, The Resoitton introduced by Senator
Clemens to make Geh. Scott a Lieutenan
Genetal, meets with little opposition from
even the bitterest political opponents of the
brave old man. who i nt t.1u dftv rnnrp dear
to the hearts of Jthe American people than
before his late Presidential defeat. ' Gen.
Shields, himself a bt-ate soldier, made a
powerful speech m its support in the Senate,
which was alike crditable to his mind and
heart. We extraet.
"He who had guided the army to the a-
chievement of all those glorious victories
connected with the campaign, had received
nothing from the Government. It struck
him that such brilliant achievements deserv
ed additional rank, and he presumed such
would be the opinion of the Senate. - He
thought that the present was a favorable
occasion on the part of the majority to con
fer the rank. The powerful should always
be generous nay, it was a duty for them
to be so; and he could say boldly and truly
that there never lived a more generous vie
tor than Gen. Scott But he (Mr. S.) did
! not place this subject on the ground of gen-
erosity, but of strict justice to the distin
by every soldier. -?S. r '- y -:.,y ,..
"Mr. S. paid a well-merited cofflplimeht
to the army. He said there was not an army
of the same number in the wide world that
performed harder service and had a more
cheerless and dreary time than that of the
United States. It was stationed, for the
most part, beyond the bounds of civilization,
scattered along a vast frontier, enduring pri
vations and all the dangers of war, without
its incentive to glory. A compliment,there
fore, paid to the chief of the 'army, would
be regarded as an honor to the whole. Be
sides, the army deserved well of the coun
try, t had brought Us through three glo
rious warsA and from Lexington to Mexico
it had ever been victorious, and perhaps in
that whole path of glory there never was a
single portion of it more brilliant tlian that
guided by the distinguished general whom
they intend to honor by the adobtion of this
"View the whole campaign from Vera
Cruz to Mexico, to which no history ever
yt t written had done justice, or the chieftain
who guided ahd directed it, and he might
challenge history to produce a parallel to it.
Vera Cruz, one of the strongest posts in
the world, and well garrisoned, fell before
the American army with the loss of only
sixty men. And was not that generalship?
Go to Cerro Gordo, a natural fortreSs,(hoth
ing like it, perhaps, on this continent,) which
a biandfnl of men might have defended a
gainst a whole army; look to the plan 6( at
tack, the-execulion of it, and the fiahal re
sult; and where could be found a more glo
rions military achievement? Look' to the
city of Mexico, where, with ah army com4
prising not more than 6,000 men; the mere
remnant of war, of battle, and disease, in
a city of over two hundred thousand inhabi4
tants, defended by an army of over twenty
thousand as well disciplined, as well orga
nized, as our own; the American Wounded,
sick, and dying all around in the midst of
a nation of seven millions, that little rem
nant of the army captured the city, and
forced the enemy to a peace. V hat, in his
opinion, however, was .mote glorious to the
army and its gallant commander, was, that
life arid property were nater as secure'in
that city since the fall of the Montezumas
as "during czr possession cT it. -
"Ha intended when, he rose tD have said
only a few words, but he felt it his duty,
from their A ast relations, to . .y this much'.
"Mr. Davis. And you have z?'. J it very
Mr. Badger. Very well."
He vrcs followed Ly t!
th? iT;:t. cf 1
and rcT.aruJ, t.
cur c"'t j.
"And I thin1: I v ' ::t. .1 the
cf tl-Z -Iricricr.a r rn:r, r.r 1 1 c.n s
a peffect contiction of the truth that I do
fiot believe there is 'another military estah
nment in the world which exceeds It lit
the eat characteristics of honor, patriot
ism diVlphne"; aftd taW. And .1 havri
heard with reat pleasure the just and elo
quent remarks of the Senator from Illinois
(Mr; Shields) up this branch of the sub
ject, and indeed tlp ; the wboie question.
i-ue army nas. always done its doty to the
country, and. often under irctimstancei 'of
the greatest difficulty and ltirPr. utirl 'T
r hope the country will always be iisposed to
(deal with it in a spirit of justice tuA kind
The gfahtlftg of additional brevet rarA
!r. . . .'' . . V.
BaiIant services on the battle-field may"
be considered now as u part of our national
policy sanctioned by' practice and the ap
probation of the country. As to titles.'stich
as are granted elsewhere,' thank God we
have none to bestow; and I trust I shall
never live to see the day when any pecuni
ary rewards will be conferred upon military
men, except pensions for injuries actually
sustained ih the line of their duty, agreea
bly to oUr present system. An additional
brevet grade is the true official reward which
our service .offers, and it Well becomes the
nature of our institutions.
"The campaigns in Mexico were fertile in
glorious results, ahd all who contributed to
them, br distinguised personal exertions.
received the acknowledgement of their good
conduct by brevet promotions, and, in many
instances, by more than one, where more
than one chance of distinction, presented it
self, and was seized in the proper spirit.'
He,who planned and conducted one of those
perilous inroads into the heart of the enemy d
country, is the only living officer of the army
excluded from this distribution of reWardsi
so gratifying to the just pride of a soldicrr
And Why Is this? Not because his eminent
merits were not felt and: acknowledged, fof
no such injustice found place ihJ the, hearts
of the jeople but because he won, almost
forty years ago, in other fields, but with
equal gallantry, the highest grade khowit
to ouf system. And though he had other
services to render, we had no other rewards
to offer, in the line of his duty, without
some flew legislative provision. The gra
dations in our military establishment' rise
from second or third lieutcnants-formerly
ensighs, ahd I do not know why the desig
nation was changed to first lieutenant?
captains, majors, lietttettaht-colonels, colo
nels, bngadier-generals.and major-generals,
and there we have always stopped, with the
exceptibn of commander-in-chief, during the
revolutionary war, atid ot the arrangement
for the return of General Washington to
the military service of the country, during
our difficulties with France, when the posi:
sitiott of Commander of the army, commis
sioned as a Lieutenant-General, was confer
red Upon him, but was afterwards changed
to that of General of the armies of the Uni-N
ted States." , f 4
After some eloquent allusions to Wash
ington, in connection with a suggestion that
the office should be created for Gen. Scott,
find' not revived as the bill proposed, Gen.
Cass proceeds to notice the objection' that
the probosed brevet was aristocratic Ta Jta
nature, conclubing with a splendid tribute
to Gen. Scott's military services: ,
"What taakes it aristocratic? Not the
name, for we l?ave major-generals . with
higher sounding titles though with less rankj
and we have captain-generals in tlie States,
and I belie ve,also lieUtehant-generals ih some '
of them. Where we shall stop in military
grades Is as mere questiotl of expediency
depending oh existing circumstances, andott
the eitent of oUr establismcnt At one time
during the adminstration cf llr. Jefleriori
it was proposed, I belieVc, by Gfeneral Dcar
born, theii Seci-etary of War, o have nd"
higher officer of war than a colonel; ahd for
many years, from the death of Gen. Wayne
indeed, until the Waf df 1812, With the ex
ception of the increased establishment aris
in out 01 ine rrcucu uiuicuiues, 10 wntvU
t hate already referred, We had none high
fcr than a prigadier-general,t which it as the
rank cf General Vilkinson, who command
ed the army for thany years; There is noth
Ihg more aristocratic in ohe military, grade
than ahother. Experience has shown thai
these gradations are essential; to efiicictit
service; and w here they shall stop is its I
have said a mere question of legislatif a dis
t::iioa. Wc do not now need the pcraa
ncnt p'-itien of liettteftaiit-gMicral in c::r
cray, tor do I foresee wheh ite shall. -.-X ,
thi3 conviction Was the c&z& of. the chjee
tlca I Z.:i tDok to this measure. -. -1 ' :''
"I a.Ivctt to1 the gther'al ccr.i-idcralicas .1 .
have ju:t j testnted oi at r.3 rc:.:or,s for
:i of the ?:rade, Lut to ri-cl the-
3 c f its
II:rn'-:r: Dec IT
CO i - k ? "-t r
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