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THE YAZOO DEMOCRAT.
YASOO C I T Yj: WEDNESDAY, JULY 15,' 1146. C-Tho communication of a" Locoro co," has been received, but too fate fur an insertion in the present number. We wil attend to it in our next,. . Mississippi Regiment. Major Dix, of the paymaster's depart. men?, and Lieut McDowell aid to General yVod, reached Vicksburg on last Thurs- day, bringing marching orders for the Mis sissippi Regiment. The steamer M. B Hamer was chartered to convey 500 of the troops to New Orleans. She left here about sunrise last Saturday morning and we presume that they left Vicksburg on the evenkie of that day. The remainder of the troops were to take passage oa some other boat. . A , f. The Sentinel says that Major Dix com menced paying the volunteers on Friday last. From the Rio Grande. At our latest accounts from the, Rio Grande, Gen. Taylor's army remained in the same condition as at previous dates.; No further information relative to the in tended movements of the Mexican Aony had been developed. They have strength ened the defences of the town of Monterey and its approaches, stationed a large force there, and there is no doubt but at that soint they intend to make a desperate teaistspce. It is stated that Gen. Taylor intend ad. vancing, as soon as all necessary pre para tions are made, towards that place. He will establish hir depot at Comareo. The Mexicans, to prevent the 'supply of provi aions for the American Army in that coun try, are driving off all the cattle from . the neighboring region. ' 'rJ A small party of the gallant Texas Ran gtn, under CapL McCulloch, recently cap. turcd two officers belonging to Canales' band at a Mexican fandango, in the neigh borhood of Rynoso. A Mexican ; officer was also captured at Matamoras a short time siuce having rer 'bout that city after it was taken. 'L sent to New Orleaas bjr order of Gtu. Taylor. Many heavy rains have fallen in the re gion, of country where the American army is stationed. . A new paper has been established in Matamoras styled the Matamoras Reveille, Hon. Jefferson Davis. Washington letter writers mention it as a rumor that Hon. Jefferson Davis will receive the ap pointment of Brigadier General. They state that his claims have been strongly Tira esses Regimental Election. At the election for officers of the Regiment of Tennessee Cavalry, rendezvousing in the vicinity of Memphis, the following gentls. snen were chosen : Colonel Jonas E. Thomas, LL Col Allison, Major Waterhouse. Appointments in the Army. The Washington Union announces the appointment of Gen. Taylor and of Col. Win. 0. Butler, as Major Generals in the United States Array. These, selections will doubtless give general satisfaction. Among the appointments are the fellow ing from this State : 1 Franklin E. SraWb assistant quarter master with the rank of captain. William Bobbit commissary with the sank of Major. Kemp S. Holland assistant commissa- sary with the rank of captain. i nomas l. Eastland, ot Louisiana bas been appointed quarter master with the ank of Major. ' A wocaxKEirr of Coxceiss. The Sen ate on the 25th ulL, by a vote of 27 to 23, ailer some discussion, agreed 13 lay the bill of Mr. Ilannegan, for the adjournment of Cngress on the 23th iast, on the table. ' EOA TO INCXEASI TITS FAT OFTXOOFS. Ia the United Slates Senate ea the 22ih ult, Mt. Bright introduced a bill to increase tie psy of non-commissioned cScers and .''r--" ia the United Slates Anry, ani tbe n. rwd rolunleers ia strrice, a!o, al xrz Jenj bounty land ia certain caies. It --as rcfend to tho Milllary Committee.' Tho proffered ccdiatica cf Great Lritatn. ' 1' The intelligence brought by the Caledo nia, of the pro.Tered mediation of Great Bri. tain in the difficulties between the United States and Mexico, has excited conidera ble interest. There cn exist no doubt of jent an(j healthy climate a, soil, fertile its' authenticity; The London Standard of , nd commercial facilities' unlimited. The the3rdult., says, that "the intention to tender this mediation was communicated to the diplomatic representatives of the two States yesterday; and the necessary powers will be forwarded to Mr. Packenham our Minister at Washington, by the Caledo nia"&c. There are many reasons which we be. ieve should induce our, government to re. ject promptly this offe. 'nterposition of the British Government ' Causes of an aggr. ited nature have in duced it to declare war against Mexico, and make preparations to wag. it in a manner commensurate with its power and great. ness, and in no event, under no circumstan ces should it make overtures for peace whether occasioned by the interference of power which seeks to subserve selfish purposes, or one known to be impartial and disinterested. Numerous deeds of arro gance, of insolence, and of injury to the person and property of the United States, have characterised the conduct of Mexico for a number of years. She has unjustifi. ably perpetrated a long . series of hostile and aggressive acts, and since the United States have at last been forced to resort to the sword, she should prosecute the war wilt uuiominuiit Wftuif auu iiaiuis w liu terms of peace unless coming directly from 7 7a I , 7 1 u7me"l the PP9Uin W". and by partizans, .houldbeto pro5cute thewar,a. though albut what u the testimom J ofthe severe chastisement of our .nsolent foe for its numerous outrages, was more its object than peace. For, if it seems eagerly to ac cept any mediation that may be proffered, Mexico will attribute its leniency and de. sire for peace, not to a spirit of magnanim ity, but to fear and cowardice. The war then having been brought to a termination so speedily, by the interference of another power and not by her own sumg for peace, or by humiliation on her part, it will not be long before she will again commit acts of aggression ana renew ner past insuiung " I . . ... conduct. She will again trample upon our rights, murder our citizens, invade our ter ritory, and then look to the same source for a termination of difficulties before she has been made to atone for her base and per fidious acts. We therefore believe that even could our government regard Great Britain as entirely disinterested in the present contro. versy, a due regard for our own honor, our rights, and a desire to prevent a repetition by Mexico of her past conduct, should com pel it to refuse without hesitation her prof. fered interference. But England cannot be regarded in this light, and it follows that we are so much the more bound to reject it. She is interested, or at least regards herself deeply interested, ia whatever concerns this government. She watches its every move ment for the acquisition of territory or in. fluence with jealous eyes. She is aware that should the war continue it will be the aim of our government to seize California, to indemnify it against the expenses of the war and for debts due by Mexico. This territory she has long fixed her eyes upon, and she is determined to use all means which diplomatic tact can invent to prevent its becoming annexed to the United States. Should her interposition terminate the war without further loss or disaster to Mexico, she will exact of her enormous recompence for her services-J-and thereby lay the foun- uttuun tor gi s pin vauiornia nerseu at a day not far distant. Moreover, EnHand has long assumed the privilege of idterfering in the affairs of European nations and of settling their dis putes and her a ibition if nothing else, would prompt her o endeavor to make her power felt on this continent. This spirit the government of the United States should check instead of etcourage whenever an occasion oilers. 1 Ia view of all thAe facts every proCer of i trans-Atlantic roediiiion should be prompt. ly rejected none da say that our govern, ment requires any rich interference ia her present difficulties. JLet Mexico be made to experience tbe fcuirest consequences cfl her and she wil learn a useful lesson which cm is tarhtter alone bv a sever tits'. t f 'y,3 tut Eurepeaa m powers wul be Uu-h( thai cur govemmant is firmly pledged to reject their interference in our afHiirs come in whatever shape it may. xx . ; '' i '" ' ' California. t M. de Mofras in his work on Mexico de scribes California as possessing an excel- Democratic Review publishes a number of passages on this point, from which ,we col lect the following : r The salubrity of the country is such that the diseases of the inhabitants are always inaepenaeni oi ciimate-wtluences." , - Upper California, from San Diego to La Bodega, along an extent of coast of two hundred leagues, , enjoys a tempera ture analogous to that of Valencia, (in ap.in) and the finest regions of the Medi terranean." 1 J j " It is beyond doubt, that so soon as an intelligent and laborious population is es tablished there, this country will occupy an elevated rank in the commercial scale : it would form the entrepot where the coasts of the Great Ocean would send their products and would furnish the greatest part of their subsistence ia grains to the North-West, to Mexico, to, Central America, to Ecuado, to Peru, to the north coast of Asia, and to many groups of Polynesia, such as the Sand wich Isles, the Marquesas and Taiti." The President. In every official act of the President since his elevation to the station which he now occupies! is left the impress of a wise and patriotic statesman. It is true that he has been denounced and his Administra- t it . , - . i i , m of most .rf j leadeM of thL ite for the Presidency Gen. Winfikld Scott? Spfeaking of his course relative to the Mexicin war he Bays : " You peak f my interviews with the President on thb subject of intended formida . ble invasion of M exico. I wish I had the time to do justice to ny recollection of the Presi aiexcefmUUarycoinprehentwn fbave eince poken rf qualities he diipUyed on those occasions, with honor as tar as it was in my power to fin lily Aahm rl, t Mb. Webster An article id going the rounds of tha i wiig papers, showing that Mr. Webster While negotiating on the north eastern boundary question consulted Eng. land as to the propriety of this government I purchasing Cajilcrnia it desiring to know belore entering into a negotiation for it, whether the Briish government would in. terpose any obstacles. Can any one won der Why it is that England attempts to in. terfere with the iffairs of the United States, when it is evident she has been encouraged to do by our highest public functionaries What else can tome of such toadyism 1 The Indians. The Louisville Journal states that the government has refused to accept the services of the Indians in the war with Mexico ; and also that it has is sued orders to the Indian agents to repress the war-like feeling prevalent among the various tribes. . Thb Tabiff. According to a resolu- tion which was adopted in the House of Representatives on the 24th ulL, the debate en the bill reducing the duty on imports, ceased on Thursday the 2nd inst. We have not yet learned the fate of the meas ure in that body, but doubt not it has been adopted by a decided majority. General Gaines. But few can cen- sure the course of the administration to wards this gallant veteran. Its' bitterest opposers cannot assert in view of all the circumstances, that it has called him to ac count without sufficient cause. The Louis ville Journal says, 44 in looking over the voluminous correspondence between Gen. Gaines and the War Department, we see abundant reason for thinking that the Gen eral uht to be assigned to some less res ponsible station than that now assigned to him. His intentions in assuming res ponsibilties not delegated to him, were uo doubtly gave, but good intentions sometimes lead to unpleasant results as was the case in his ordering out volunteers without au thority to do to." Catalit Cosf ant. A number of the ci'izens of Attala met at Kosciusko recent Iy, and adapted resolutions for orgiakirj a Cavalry Company ia that county. Tho qualities requisite for a'jsu ccnsful General. ;J Napoleon, in combating, in the Coundl ui untie, a proposition toconuno 10 muii ry men his favorite institution, the LegiAi of Honor, gavs the following as the req i site qualities for a great general. No a ;e has given birth to a nian better qualified .6 for a correct opinion on such a subjects More accurate, probably, than any ' othr man that has evtr lived, was his knowledge ot the workings of the human heart, and of the agents which were most powerful in di recting and leadiig the multitude. ' " "What is it low which constitutes a great general ? It is not the mero strenth ofa man six feet high, but the cotp d'ceil, the habit of foresight, the power o thought and calculation ; in a word, civil qualities, not such as you find in a lawyer, but such as are founded on a knowledge of human nature, and are suited to the government of armies. 1 he general who can ' now achieve great things is he who is possessed of shining civil qualities it is their percep tion. of the "strength of his talents Much makes the soldiers obey him. Listen to I hem at their bivouacs you will invariably una them award the prelerence to mental over physical qnalities. ' Mourad BevKvas the most powerful man among his Mame lukes; without that advantage he npver could have been their leader. ' When; he first saw me, he could not conceive how I could preserve authority among my troops ; but he soon understood, it when he was ac quainted with our system of war." Social Reform; , Robert Onfen the celebrated social re- former, in an article addressed to Ameri cans recently published in the Washington Union says: ;" . -;. V ' ' . .'" M Let then, coming elections be, to se cure universal education, beneficial occu nation, and local and general good govern: ment for ALL, amidtt SUPERIOR instead of INFERIOR and MIXED external cir cumstances. The easy mode of effecting this change now, in human existence from all that is wrong in principle and practice to all that is right in both, shall in due time be given to the American public. Gen. Gaines and Gen. Scott. Gen, Gaines in his correspondence with the War Department uses very strong language in reference to Gen. Scott for having, as he supposes, "labored for more than a quarter of a century past to cover me (him) with calumny and defeat my (his) efforts to be employed in any service likely to redound to the safety and glory of the country." He characterises himself as an "unpreten ding soldier,' and Gen. Scott as a "politi col tactician long accustomed to cringe in and about the the political metropolis, sacri ficing the interest and honor of the service at the shrine of that morbid thirst for the Presidency." Gen. Scott denies the charges of Gen. Gaines and says : " the remedies for Gen. Gaines irregularities arising main V. a.' iy, as x am in cnarity couna to suppose, from insanity or dotage is to place him on an indefinite leavo of absence" &c . .. .. Supplemental War Bill. The supplemental war. bill introduced in the Senate, io the Senate by Mr, Benton, was adopted by the House on the 26th, and has received the sanction of the President. It authorizes the President to organize in to brigades aid divisions, such of the vol unteer forces as have been or may be call ed into the service of the United States, under the act providing for prosecuting the war against Mexico, and authorizes him to appoint (by and with the advice and consent of the Senate) such a number of brigadier generals as the organization - of such vol unteer forces into brigades and divisions may render necessary. Provided, that the said officers so appointed shall be dischar ged from service at the conclusion of the war, or be discharged in propotion to the reduction in the number of the brigades and divisions, should such reductions occur. Gen. La Veca is quite an important personage. All oi lis intended movements are faithfully chronicled by the press. The New Oi leans Bulletin says that the War Department has given Lira permission to reside during the summer months either at Lexington, Kentucky, or at three othef spe cified places in that State, or at Cincinnati ; and during the winters, either; at Eaton Rouze or New Orleans. Pbescott's Mexico. This interts'inj and deservedly popular wotk has been translated into the French la h-i?:?. The Paris journals ipetk cf it ii al corrrlmen. tary style. Paixiian Guns. This description ofsj. tilery, though bearing the name ofa French officer, Gen. Paixban, it is stated in a Work on MilitaryArts and Science by Lt. IIiL leek, was invented v by, Col. Bomfordu American officer, and was used in the hut war. He states that the dimensions of this gun were taken to France by a yount rrcncii oiuuer una mu leu into the hands oi ven. i ammri, wno auer improving ft, introduced it into the service of his country, Mediation. The Washington Union says in reference to the proffered mediation of the, English government : (alluded to in another column.) ' ; We certainly do not ask her mediation, There are strong reasons, indeed, to doubt the correctness of the statement in th T.lnrfnn .QfatiJnw1 .Ttnijt4LAa Ii 1 hear no confirmation or it in Washington, Indian Meai The Dublin correspon. dent of the Morning Chronicle says thai Indian meal is now generally used through. ounhe country, and that it is preforeddj the potato, the enormous price of which has placed it beyond the reach of the la. boring classes. , Throwing off the, Shackxes. The Charleston Mercury says that Mr. Pickeni of South Carolina, former member of Con. jgress, and a devoted friend of Mr. Calhoun, strongly denounced his vote on the Mexicu war bill.; : Wheat Crop in Kentucky. Th Louisville Democrat of the 30th ult., says : " In the whole country around us, the ear ly wheat, or autumn sowed crops, hav yielded quite abundantly. Most of th wheat is now harvested, generally yielding a fair average crop. Maunder's Tteasdrv or History.- We are indebted to the publisher, Mr. Dai iel Adee, No. 107, Fulton street, New Toii tor No. 5 of this valuable and interesting work. We have heretofore expressed owl high opinion of its merits. communicated. ilfr. Editor. The old Board of Select, men, at the request of the citizens, passed on the 2nd day of January last, a resolution, requiring that all of that portion of the wis walks unpaved on Main and Runnells streeU, from Jeflerson street to the river, should to forthwith dene. Said resolution has not yet been carried into effect, neither indeed is there any visible prospect of such a move, Will you therefore, through the columns ot your paper, please ask of the present Board, and the Mayor especially, why said resolu tion has been so long neglected. The costs of paving is paid by the owners of proper ty in the rear, and consequently they cat. not in this, as they do in all other matten, delay for want of iunds. , ENTERPRISE. COMMUNICATED. FOTRTH OF JULY CELEBRATION. Mr. Editor. We had an interestinj time on the ever memorable fourth, near the residence of Mr. Philip Hiiderbrandii the neighborhood of McArtey's Ferry.-, upwards ot 3U0 persons, notwithstanding thm iimavnrahlA mnrninir flQanmhlAi at i"? early hour. The Declaration of Indepeof dence was read in a clear and audible vow! by Dr. Joel C. Rice, and then followed Id ; oration, which was delivered by Mr. J or H. Davis, who for nearly an hour enchsi ' ed the attention of his audience in a strs . of thrilling eloquencn. Some of his alit sions were most happy particularly his t lusion to the deeds of our gallant army the Rio Grande, and to the generous sac rices of our brave volunteers, who have let all the endearments uf borne and enlisted in the'service of their coi ntry. When Mr. Davis concluded his addfen. the assemblage retired to the dinner table, which literally groaned beneath the sump, tuoiis viands so profusefy spread op i and those choice delicacies which told that the patriotio ladies had not been idle liutone circumstance occuredto maruw full enjoyment of the occasion. The threat. ening clouds, compelled the company disperse and seek their homes at too e&xy an hour in the day. , Much praise is due the marm-beartea i attenUve managers, Mr. I oster.the isleSi brwine and others for their judicious r rangements, and as a stranger in w midst joining in the hilarities oftte a sion, 1 cannot forbear remarking thai pleasing incidents of the day will ever 'green spot m memory s waste. ' A. E. Yazoo County, Jul 1843. COMMCMCATED. DIED In this county, on Thursday the ficr a long and painful illness, which bore with Christian resignation, ExKLtts Harris, wife of Mr. II. U. 1'4?' ris. t;;a died in the fall hope vl a c aJ abode amori ths sriziu of tiF made perfect. ' '