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fj B R I G H fT "Editok. Etate Ticket for 1851. For Governs. OBN JOHN A. QOTTMaN. For Secretary of State, GEN . JO. BELL. For TWasarerv HAJ. RICH'IMJRiFFITH. For Auidtor, GEO. T. SWANN, For Congress, GEN. WM. M' WILLIE. For CoHtrenJ ton, DB, WM. M. YANDELl , COL. R. W. HILL. For fAs ScnaU-COL. W. C. HARRIS. For trt House of Representative. DR. H. J. THOMAS, DR. W. J. LEAKE. 0- Our Editor is absent this week on a trip to A abama. F- w- Quackenboss, will, by permis sion, address his fellow-ctfizens of Yazoo city, on tbe "Southern States Rights" question; at the court-house, this evening, at the ringing of the bell. Yazoo City , JUy 30, 51. Zacatbcas Corn -Wo acknowledge the receipt of a sample of this corn, from tbe plantation of Mr. Bras sale of this cojnly, and in it behalf can say that it is a fi: e pectmen of corn. LETTER FROM GjSN. FOOTE. Bestok, July 8, 1851. Mv Dear Sir; When I had the pleasure of seeing you in Lexington, a few weeks since, you gratified me highly by avowing your entire opposition to the assembling of the - proposed Southern Con gress, and by authorizing me to make that fact public if I choso to do so. Since that period I have referred to your change of position upon this ooint. reoeatedlv in public speeches. As this is the onlv really practical point left open between the two parties now. contending for victory m Mississippi, or at least may De rainy regarded as embracing all others; I trust you will allow an old and warmly attached friend to enquire whether your views upon this subject have undergone any change since we last met, or whether you agree with me in being utterly opposed to the sending of delegates 'from our own State to that Congress, and apprehend therefrom the moat deplorable consequences. I am now, as I have ever been, your devoted friend, H. 8. FOOTE. Hon. E. C. Wij,xi!fSOJ. JUDGE WILKINSON'S REPLY. Yazoo City, July 20th, 1841. Hon. H. S. Foote: My dear Sir My delay in returning an an swer to your note needa no apology I hope. A wilful disregard of the courtesies of life will g larcely be imputed to me by you, to whom I have been known so long, and as you say, so : i ably. But I have been disabled from writ- t ilraost since the date of your letter, by in firmity of health, and this would serve as my . nail if an cTPiiRfl was needed. 1 am at a . a u vcwvaii ' loss to conceive why the opinions of one so en tirely out of the public view as I have been for almost my whole life, should be of interest to any one; especially to one so conspicuous in station and character as you. Since you have been Pleased, however, to allude to my views in your public speeches, it may be just to myself, as well as courteous to you, to suae uiem ex n licit! v and fairrv. I believe, (and I have recently stated this be lief in conversation and in the few public speeches I have made,) that for Mississippi to meet South Carolina or any other Southern State alone in Convention, would be simply an nhArtii-P nd useless nrocedure. I have ueu- .lKr hnwAiror. if tint. alwaVB followed SUCh a declaration, with an expression of my sencc of thn rrt imnortnnre of the creneral co-opera- tion of the Planting States in some measure of defence of precaution or ot sateguara 8gui. the ceaseless assaults of the North upon their rights. It iso nly from a convietion that such co-operation cannot for the present be obtained, and from an unwillingness to jeoparuuw wic chances for such co-operation for the future, by an indiscreet and precipitate step that I have discountenanced the policy of meeting South Carolina alone in the proposed Congress. I cannot see any good that could come of it, since the most visionary politician wouta not encourage the thought, I presume, of Missis sitmi seceedim? from the Union with South Carolina; and if the Convention of November next should advise it, I doubt if the people would sanction the act- It appears to me, therefore, to be indiscreet in the candidates for oiice of the State Rights party to make this an jssue in the present contest. Seeing that if we succeed we stein nothiner by it, and that it may be an element and cause of failure. In fact, it is not the issue proposed by the party the late convention passed it by without a word of notice; the Carolinians themselves do not appear to desire it, it is embarrassing, imme terial, and might prove disastrous to the just exoectations of the party.. But you are very mrh in error. General, in supposing that "this is the only really practical point left open be tweun tho two parties in Mississippi,,, or that nt mv be fairly retarded as embracing all others, Allew me to claim a few moments i Of ror time, while I proceed to correct me error into which you have fallen- There is an isaua-quiJte recently made important, practical- oveivrimag ail others that were made be tween the North and the South durh:.? the dvmv Hc&sion ot the 3 1st Congress. It in volves the right of a State to a peaceable with drawal from the Union whenever it may sup pose its interest or its honor to require such a etep. Yen tendered this issue yourself in your speech in June, at Lexington, and your follow ets are now making it everywhere, It had not been tendered before since the days of the elder Adams. Yo deny thfcr ifchwWe affirm it And now for a brief examination into the meiv its of the subject, Do not tell me that you ad- .. .. , .nnnltunrn movement, th 8 iT sheer cant, Or if it means anything, .t mischief ft Is in effect a denial ot tne right altogether, Every revolutionary move- is rebel Hons movement :y nvolves the other. T id cii conceive of the one without tl othefl ex- pt, indeed, thafcaort of revokition coatnon th the tateaaeof peaceful an s. jsaasm mmm : bloodless Changes of the fundamental law. These are oe-ly not rebellious because they are authorized i js a a k and provided for oy lne actual sovereign power. If ttitf attempt were made in any of the States to overturn the government, or to alter the Constitution of such State without the ex press permission and authority of the actual sovereign power declared through the appoint ed modes and with all the prescribed forms, such a movement would be rebellion and would be treated as such. This is well Illustrated by the history of the Rhode Island movement in 1841, and the history of Dorr is a warning to all rebels who may be disposed to assert prac tically the abstract right of revolution. This case has passed the ordeal of the Supreme Court of the Union, and the doctrine of Dorr and his followers, stands condemned by every intelligent statesman and jurist in the world. But ir this right of revolution, as you call it this "sacred right of insurrection." as the French Jacobins called it exist at all, you must ad mit the antagonistical right of the actual gov ernment to put it down. All publicists will tell you (you are too will read not to remember this) that government is bound to protect itself. If revolution is rebellion, and rebellion is trea son, is not government bound to visit the trea son with -the severest punishment known to its code? Did you ever hear of a rebellion which was not suppressed by force, if the government could suppress it? And did you ever hear of foreign intervention or remonstrance m such a case? Government must be armed with the right to put down and to punish revolution if it can, without any enquiry into the cause of the revolution. It is a right which flows from ne cessity, for without it, there would be no such thing as order in the world, and the nations would be harrassed continually, with confusion, turbulance, and incessant wars. But have not the people, at all times, a right to change their government? Yon will ask. Certainly they have: when the people (as they are here) are the acknowledged source of all political power; because the people (acting as the sovereign) can and do often acknowledge the necessity for change, and provide for its being made. But not even here have the people a right ro rebel againstthe govemmc nt &. if they do, the fate of rebels assuredly awaits the vanquished. Un successful rebellion has always been punished by government as a duty and often with a severity shocking to the sensibilities of men, and wholly inexcusable if it was not necessary. We read of disembowling, of hanging, draw ing and quartering. Would punishments so ferocious and sanguinary be tolerated by u y people except for the crime of treason? H s torians may deny or may lament the necessity of a rigid application of the law in the case of lady Jane uray or of Mary Stewart. Humanity may weeo over the fate of the victims of Oates and of Bedloe, or may redden with indignation at the excesses of the bloody assizes. But all will admit, that if Dagdale and Turberville had not been purjured, Stafford would have deserv ed his fate, and perhaps the only public act of James, which posterity has justified, is the exe cution of his own nephew for treason, after the battle of Sedge-Moor. As then it is not only the right but the duty of government to punish rebellion with tbe halter or the axe, and since revolution (if against the sovereign will) is re bellion, of what avail is it to you or your party, to assert the right of State secession aa a revo lutionary right? Contrast with this position that of the State Rights party upon this subject. We contend for the right of a State to withdraw from the Union peaceably and quietly, and without oppo sition or resistance or complaint; and for the bllowing reasons: Independently of any act of confederation, the States have always been to a great extent politically seperate: they were subject, it is true, to a common Executive head prior to the revolution, but they never constitut ed one people in the political acceptation of tho term. They were settled at umereni times to some extent by different races by men of different political and religious opinions, and who were often odious and alien to each other on account of these differences. In truth tbey resembled each other in nothing but their lan guage, and from a point of metaphysical divin- tv, down to the fashion ot their garments, they differed from each other and gloried in the difference. The Catholic of Maryland could have little in common with the Puritan of Plymoth, and the Cavalier of Jamestown could acknowledge no bond of political sympathy with the Regecide of Boston. The people of one colony owed no alegiance to the goverment of any other colony, and were not bound by its laws. The colonies had no common Legisla ture, no common Treaaury, no common Mili tary power, no common Judiciary, they were established at dinerent times, and were unlike in their organization. Some were provincial, some proprietary, and some charter govern ments. They were united, it is true, by a com- mon Executive head or King: but so are at this I ... i. : - so J time Canada and the British East Indies, and j go discerning & sagacious. Democratic states yet Canada and the British East Indies do not menof the highest character, even Democratic constitute one people, mor ao Jamaica ana Ireland; nor Scotland and the Mauritias. They did not evon unite (strange as it may seem to many) in the act which threw oft their aleig - ance to the the British crown. Virginia dc- clared her independence as early as the loth of May, 1776; and New Hampshire, New Jersey, and South Carolina bad each adopted provision- al government several months before this period. It is true they all united in the general V. , r . 1 ..X f T 1 1. li r 1 Der.larat.ion of the 4th of Julv. but it was onlv a reoetion. not a confirmation of what had si ready been done by the four States above men- uonea. J. ne maimer oi vuuug iu uic vuugicos ui '76 and in the Convention which formed the con- stitvtion,(each State having been entitled to one vnte)shows that the States, after the revolution had been consummated, regarded each other as distinct and co-equal political entities. JVell, the Federal Constitution under which we live, did not destroy this equality. It was framed by the representatives of the States, and ratified afterwards by the States, at different times, and from different motives and considerations; each State acting for itself and not for another. Was this Union declared to be perpetual and irrevocable at the time of its formation? Even if it had been ao declared, is net a conven tion, compact, or league, which is violated by one of the contracting parties, dissolved at the option ot tne party injured f oucn is at least the declared opinion of the most respectable publicists. Now a formal declaration of such violation of the Constitution by one or more of the parties to it, followed by a withdrawal from the Union, is what is meant by secession. Is there any thing revolutionary in thisj) Nothing. There is not a single principle of the govern ment overthrown. Even its officers are not displaced. Pray what is revolutionized by such a process! This sort of secession is entirely a i-v-fal act; an act dene by authority. Tliere is no obligation upon the government to attempt to thwart & nce lt is ut v -u. nressed in the Constitution it is I!?" i hj. from the principles of eon true, um. iwuihbk - , v . . : stmctioQ which hare been declared by wntetj upon public law as appucame -.w a tLt, rniadration between sovereign. SW, This, sir, is the secession of the Smte n;kt. t tnuit the difference between it aid the rebellious and revolutionary sort of seceion which you appear to fayor, is appar ent enough. But there is a wider difference yet. upon sCTTi-s. . . aa . ..,t ! ,uii , .i.lM . irt .rnru.. nr ravse by tlwt law which, 1 rs. uouna In morals, is as neramdmit to all other lawsthe law of self-pretecticf regarding eecesnion as treason -and every Taw of the Federal Govern ment aa constitutional and obligatory, until de clared otherwise by the Federal Courts; the government Is at once the judge of its own powers, and the vindicator of its own suprem acy. For a State to pronounce the most flag rant usurpation ot the govern me ut an act ot usurpiitrdn and therefore void, is to incur for its citizens the guilt and the penalties of tree son. Nay, to attempt to withdraw the Sta e from the obligations of the Union, even for acts of the government that may. afterwards be pronounced by that Court hich is one of its departments unconstitutional and void; is, according to the theory of your school, nir, to incur for all concerned in swt a movement, the doom and the memory of traitors. For, upon your principles, secesMwi for any cause whatever must be resisted Tu?fc overt act of treason. To be sure, the fate WF the sufferers may perhaps, awaken some sympathy as the fate of O'Brien and Meagher Hfceites now he sympathies snd murmurs ofhe civilized world but no nation has a right to remonstrate with England on account of her government of Ireland. Ireland is her property, England will tell you; and these men (she wjllsay)were attempting to sever the union of Ireland and England, and have thus merited and received the doom of traitors. Even, sir, should that panacea for all ills, the fugitive slave law, (the great Abracadabra which is to heal all politi cal distempers, and to salve and sooth all pol il eal insults,) be repealed; snd the resistant e which is threatened by your party, rbould follow such repeal; would not the obligation of the government to punish such resistance as rebellious and treasonable be as weighty and us stringent (according to your doctrine) as to punish resistance for any other cause? Is not this fairly put. General? Can you in candor deny that it is a consequence of your creed? Now does not this doctrine, fully carried out, make the government absolute? When the Congress and the Judiciary concur in an act, what limit, what check can you con ceive to its powers? Of course I mean al ways upon your principles. It is useless to press the argument further. Behold then the difference between the exercise of secession as an acknowledged political right, and the exercise of it as an act of revolution. The one is a check the only effective check to a powerful, ambitious, and rapidly centralising government. A peaceable resort to our origi nal status; revolutionizing nothing, destroying nothing, shedding no blood, confiscating no property. The other. The other leads to cen tralization, to despotism, to endless internecine -trife, or to a stagnant, passive, and dead sub mission. Now, here is a far moe important issue than any heretofore made. Tho admission of California the whole Sou h compl lined of as a wrong, but a majority of the Southern States held that it was a wrong that could b ' compromised for. Bat you cannot cure a de nial of the riurht of State secession by com promise, for it involves a radical change of the spirit and essence of the government. ins issue is not only in the highest degree im portant, but it is recent also. Voters have not dt clured iheir opinio. is on it yet. It has no conneciion whatever with the compromise measures, or with any othrr issue which has as vet been made. A man mat detest tho ad justment measures, and yet deny the right of a State to evade their effect by secession; or he may be willing to acquiesce in these meas ures, and yet be prepared to assert to the lust extremity ihe right of n State to secede from the Union. The question is deatinet to pro duce a complete fusion and reformation of ptr ties. Half the Whigs of the South affirm ihis rijht, whilst many Dem crats (especially the Proclamation Democrats as they ate called) den u. Let them all deliberate well before they precipitately and rashly take a stand which may place them forever in a false position. In this daring attempt to revolutionize "he funda mental principles, the very groundwork of our government, and to convert it into a despo tism of numbers, State Rights-men, whether Whigs or Democrat, compromise or ana compromise men, should forget all party ties and pnrty uamesand make a bold, determined, and united stand for the preservation of this the most important citadel of Sou. hern rigbis. I heard you, with surprise, at Yazoo t,'ity, deny that any Democrat had ever contended for the right of a State to a peaceable secession as a proceedure not in contr tvention of the Constitution. It is true that no party nas a just claim to an exclusive property in this doctrine. It has som times found countenance and favor with the Whigs, w. ilst rejected and denied by distinguished Democratic leaders. This was especially the case in the disastrous days of the Proclamatiou and of the Force Bill. Bu: to contend that no Democrat has ever publicly favored it, is a position strangely ; inconsiderate and incautious for a statesman grates, have given proof of their adherence to tj,e doctrine. When Jackson thundered froro the- White House that federal document Which is called "the Proclamation;" Virginia, jU8tly alarmed, repudiated its doctrines by a solemn act of her Legislature, which was unanimously passed if mv memory serves me. The Richmond Enquirer denounced in trumpet tones the deen and dangerous tenor of its prin- coles, and the democratic press of the South i . .. . - . l J ne rally, echod the voice of the Richmond nquirer. Jbven tne men wno naneu u i gret ne( away bv their devotion to Jackson) renounced it afterwards as wrong and pernici ous, and in a few months a iter its publication, the rank and file of tha Democratic party en j tirely aojared It as politicrl heresy. Randolph, Giles, Maeon, Taylor, Roane, iazzewell, have all testified in behalf af this right re- nudiatinff at the same time (all but one of them Mr. Tazzeweli) the right et a btate to nullify a few of the United States and yet to continue in the Union. ("Permit me this qus tiau, General What is the meaning of Ken tucky and of Virginia when they assert iu their famous resolutions of '98, the right of a State to interpose its sovereign authority, and to declare a law of tbe United States null and of no force? These resolutions were cauti ously drawn; they were drawn as you know by Jefferson and Madison. What is the mean ing of the above language! You will not say it means to assert the right of nullification as it is called. Must it not then mean to assert the right of secession? For how can a State interpose its sovereign authority and declare a law of Congress void, except by either re maining in the Union and nullifying the law, or by taking the first step towards going out of the Union with a view to bring abut a re peal of the obnoxious law? You have your choice of the horns of the dilemma for you will scarcely be able to deduce from the lan guage and spirit of these celebrated documents, an assertion of the right of secession as a rev olutionary remedy 1 have done with the subject. You may remember that when we last met, you expressed the idea that the difjerejice. be' Weeo us respecting the right of tate secea-ion, w is a difference upon a point cu rely .abet at; and that'iu the app loation f the theory o either of us, the reanltaandf the consequence would be the same. It w to combat this idea r . u lit.!, r ij nnuiK i . . . .- If hat you say m your note you are in tne bi f pool icy epressinr for me my own opiu.one thftt have written this et te:. You may not be so cleerly ot opin ion now "that the proposed Convont ion of Mississippi and Carolina," i- the only point ett open between the two parties now con te1 dmg for victory in Mississippi. We State Rights-men think that it is of prim ary importance that the. Convention of November shall distinctly affirm the right j of State secession, and a determination io stand by any State that may chose te ex ercise it. Nor ts this "Hie only really prac- ical point left open netweeti the parties now contending for victory in ississ PP'" There are others; but taev have been too often and too thoroughly examined by our public speakers to hUtborixe a no ice of them here, t is the den al of the sover eignty oi the S.a es (the denial of the ri.nt of secession invo.ves a dei.al of their sov ereignty) which is at last to unite (In my opinion) the unha, py and d at 'acted South. It is palpable t! at uoth ng slsc an do it. Party spirit, and the patro age of the gov ernment together, would keep the Soti'h divided for ail time to c me. Athens was divided agamst self in thedays of Demos thenea mid Philip. i he demagogues of that day were all clamorous for submission His ory informs us that they had tneir rea sons for i.. I he "auri sacra'ames" scarce- y died with thetn. It is a passion which is said to be immortal. You, fr m your unsuspected honesty; from your acknow - edued ability and patriotism, have cleared the way for other less firm of purpose or scrupulous as to mot ves. It was a sad hour for the South when one of her most o tfted sons (drawing af er him a "third pan of our host ', lent his assistance 'O the ad vocates of consolid tioit Webster, t lay and oi hers. "Xon tali auxilio, nec defenso- ribs istis, tampus egret." 1 yet ehensh the h pe that you rn -y see the error of your way. If you should, your past life is a guarantee. that neither pride of consistency, nor the force of political companionship, an retain you with a party whose con duct your judgment disapproves. In this communication (wnich has been long r than I intended) have studied to observe that decorum and courtesy which should always mark the intercourse of gentlemen, f any expression has escaped me win h sh .11 appear to you to be incoositaoi with our past kindly and friendly relations, 1 shal be mortified and pained. Aa it is your wish (signified not in your note bu oth.'iwise) that my reply shal! be publish ed. I shal (although with some reluctance) gratify ycu, 1 remain, your attached personal friend, E. C. W 1LKINSO.N. F. S. Upon reading this communication it occurs to me that I may not have expressed my views, regarding a Southern Congress with th distinctness that I desired. Whi.ri 1 do net, and have never favored a partial and Incomplete convention of the pbintiug States, do and always have favourea, and steadfast ly advocate now a Southern C ongress if it is general and full. Ihere can never be union without concert, there cannot be concert with out conference, and there cannot be confer ence without first ir eating for the purpose. The south in my opinion should never cease to agitate mil sjch a Cengress is obtained. The right of the people peaceably to assemble and pe ition for redress of grievances is guar antied by that very constitution which you say the States Right party is at empting to subvi rt. I am for a judicious di-creet, but imp sing and if possi le desisive exercise of this right, i y meausol a general Congress. E. C. WILKINSON. Crane's execution and con iestiion. r R TIB MUUDEK OF BLCK.NKR, AT CKNTRK V1LLK, AMITE CDSTI, MI-SlS.-IlTI, Cran, who was couricted, at the lasi t ireuu Court ot Amite county, of the crimr f murder, paid the penally of the iaw n. . te- presence of a vast number of people entunated variou-lj we Supposed between wo and three thousand. As this was consicered a mot atrociou murder, curiosity was excited to see the man that coutd. in the midnight hout assassinate his fellow man, and imbrue bis handd in in nocent blood tor t e purpose of gaining nosse-- siou oi a p r iou of tne filthy lucre of this world lie was ..ccoin,auied to ihe gallows (which was erected annul one mde from the town i Lib- r.y, on the Greensi'Urg road) by the R v. ivresr. Uvvrence and Wall, surroun- d o by a strong tlwd; nd should a rescu ave been attempted, we know that it woul' nave been lutil , fur there were brave an stout beans there that would have stood h tne breach until they would have annihila ted every attempt at rescue. The prisoner arrived at tbe gallow abo tl o'clock, p. m. .After some little de lay the Rev. Mr. LawreuCe announced the . xe ciaes by sing ng a very appropriate uyuiu, and prefacing the exercises, with strong ami appropriate remark", staled that tae prisoner standing before that large an. r-jpectable audience, stood brfore them professing Christ; that he had been with mm durii g his confinement, and that he had expressed a hope that his sins were forgiven aod that he was perfectly resigned o hi fate. He then aked in the name of the prisoner, that all would unite in supplicating a Xbrone of trace tor his pardon, and offer ed up a truly feeling and eloquent prayer alter which, he remarked that it had been his intention to have addressed the audi ettcM on this occasion, but that he had be come exhausted, and would not at that lime prolong his remarks. The Rev. Mr, Wall then addressed lew brief and eloquent remarks, holding up as an example io tne rising generation, the prisoner, was to leap into vast eternity wrvently appealing to grey-headed father to impres the lessons of piety upon the minds of taose who were soon to fill their places upon the stage of action, and conclu ded by bidding farewell to tbe prisoner, and exhorting them to brave the King of 'ler rors with firmness and faith. Confession. When 1 killed Mr. buckner, 1 was not in mv right mind. I gave way to my fee ngs ana did not know what I was doing Beware, youth of the land- do net let your f -dings preponderate against what you conscientiously behave to be right. Lo io the Law and the Prophets lor your guid study tho Biblfts-leara ija precept; and if you obe the comnrtnds contained in t 4mk) hsWk, you will never be br. tight io ... I what ym see me now your Iriends never be called upon to witiaats yowr radatiowi 1 have been raised in good circumstances. I was not raised to work, and never done any labor of consequence. I went into a -.tore, and was raised bih. 1 was admitted nto tbe fir.t and highest society, and not having the means to keep up app a ance; nad io resort to crime to sustain nee the ocieiy In which t was then m vin. 1 hope mis w Jl be a warning to the youth of tbe country; and if you have not Ihe means to keep up the appearancs you wih to make, d not resort to crime; as I did, b it work, and then you will never be degrade' 1 committed a crime in Virginia-! inj ired the best fri nd had, and for that crime and others 1 am truly penitent. And I hope ihe people about Centreville uilli fbrgjve me for murdering one of their best citizens. Aod now, in a few minuter, I shall be no more. Li a short time the irap will will and y..ur fellow being will I e iu Efe"ity. I want you all to lake warning by my. fate. i , you fathers and mother! train up your children to read the Law and the Prophets And 1 now bid you all farewell A few moments more, and my ea.thly career will he closed I feel that I will be happy. I hope that I will be forgiven. Farewell! I he prisoner tneu bid farewell to all around him sho k hands with all around him shook ban Is with ah around him shook bauds w4 h the clergy, and, with a firm step ascended ihe scafTj d, there to mee his do nr. lie seame 1 to h ae con fidence in that Ke 'gion. which, as tbe em ler of mortal ife are feebly g immering in the socket ot einteoce, removes the dark shoud, draws aside the sable curtains of the tomb and bids hce a ioy to rouse up, and sustain ml cheer the departing spirit. She points beyond th si etit tomb, to he breaking light of resur rection morn, and hid-, us turn an eyes of faith and confidence upon the opening scenes of E'ernity. Af er the rope had been properly adju-t ed, the Sheriff drew down the cap upon his prisoner, and thus shut out forever from Ins vision all that is beaii'iful of the wo Id. He then bid a final farcwel', and iu a few moments he paid the penalty ol that law v'hieh says, ! Whosoever sheddeth mail's blood by mail shalihis blood be shed;" and he now. bleeps that sleep that knows no waking.' Parody on the Oe deration cf Indepea dence A tavern kee, er once upon a time, hav ing a quired considerable property, grew very careless, and so offended tbe lawyers by whom hr many years his hoti-e had been visiti d. that during tbe crowded ses sion ol the court lh y uuh one accord for a ok ki t , earing behind ihem the f. ..wiog: VVb-u io ihe c urse of human events, i becomes necessary for a half hungry, half led, imposed on set of men to dissolve the bonds ol landlord and b- arder, a dec nt re sp c: for ihe opinions of mankind req ire (hat they sh- u d declare the causes uhicl. nave impelled ihem to a separation. VV hold these tru b to be self-evident, all men are created with mou'hs and etom aci s; and ihry aie endowed by iheir crea tor viih iei tain inalienable right, among hich are. that no man hail be compel h o ui starve, out of niie compliance to a 'aud iord. and that every man has a right to fi.l us stomach and wet his whisl.e with th. nest that i going. The history of ihe present landlord of ihe iVhile Lioil, IS a LUtorV of renemed i.-...r. xaetwfri's and injuries, all having a d.reci' bject the estabiubrneut o( an absolute tyr anny over our stomachs and throats. To .rove this, let facts be submitted tea candid vorld. Ha refuted to keen any ihinsr to drink hui aioface whiskey. He ha refused to set upon his table for ner, anything bu turniu souo. w.th lb. le tough beef and sour krout. which are iuwhoiesoine, and not designed lor the pub ic goou. Me das relused to let M lis 1 s onlv servant ...... -jcu ur, pui more than six grains of .....Ir ... -I. ix grains nee to one gallon of water Ue has turned loose a multitude of mu pumas io Baau us in the peacefu hours nf ie night, and eat up our substance. :le has kept up, j 0ur bdrt ad beJ leaur, srauoiug armies, and merciless sav- e. wnuse ruie of warfare is uiidisin. uuiohed destruction. He has excited domestic insurrection m ng us, by taking bitters before break tsi and making his wife and servant do th rne before dinner, whereby there is often he very deuce te j ay. He has waged cruel war against nature ersell, by feeding our horses on broom traw, and carrying them off to drink where he swine refuse to wallow. He has protected one-eyed Joe in his villainy, in the robber v .t ni,r i... retending to give him a mock trial, after baring xith him ihe spoils. He has cut off our trade with f .reign ports, and brought in his own bald-fare whiskey, when we had sent him to buy bet- a . . er liquor abroad, and with perfidy scarcely parallelled in the. most barbarous aire be has been known to drink our foreign spirits, ind nil up our botues with his own dire po tat ions. He has Imposed taxes upon us to an enor a nus amount against our consent, and with ut any rule but his own arbitrary will and Measure. A landlord whose character is thus mark dtby evert act which may define a trrant I : H .1 . .. nu is uum in Keen a hoarding hou'.s fi.r Cherokee Indians. Nor have we been wanting in our attention to Mr. B. and Miss Sally. We havo appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, we have conjured them to alter a state of these things which would inevuamy inteirupt our connection and cor BSfessspfcrswfr.sk:M ma TL s ft a .. rr.iuUw. auojr ioo, nave oee n deaf U tbe voice of justice, we ere, therefore; con -irainea io oma ail three of these parties .I.L. 1 2 i 'I it anne inimical to our ahke inimical to our well being and fund less to our comfbrf.. vv! hef;re make this declaration of our final separation, from our landlord and cast defiance in his. teeth. A Toast. 'Here's to internal hnprovementsV rLL a a . a ...., as ifoons saw wnen, ne swallowed a doec of salte. Willi Obituary. Departed th it life on tbe I8th insf., Eliza Jane Rucker. et tbe residence cf her lather, C& J. W. Rucker of this county; after an illness of about two week. Previous to her death she had been at tending cbooi in Bunion, and had by air unexceptionable deportment and diligent ap plication endeared herself to both teachet and schoolmates. When the duties of the week bad ended and1 Sunday earn", she was leund at tbe Sabbath school among those who were euJ of stu lying Ihe holy word of God- &k occasionally visited her father's home ana by her happy laugh imparled j.y tu iba family circle; dsvoted parents- an affectionate brother and sis gentle sisters bade her welcome when she came, and im printed the fond kiss when she returned to her studio thus lime jaind tnn'J iknrss came and prostrated her upon tbe bed of death, lirdisra.s continued, sometimes gi irtg flatteiiug tokens ol her recovery oedtcal skill was bafil d parents, sisters and iriends wept around brr and uttered many a prayer for her I. tiger slay, but al1 was in vain; death came and thai lovely girl fell it a victim? A short time before her deathva.l thought her free fjom danger. S ie alone seemed to know her own condi tion when she entwined her ans Mound her mother ahl gently whispered I'll not be with you long mother, I soon must say good-bye." Then ;hal bright spirit took its flight to lairer clauneson high, there to bask in tbe miles of the Saviour, forever am ever. To that devoted father and tender m ther; lo alt let a mourning friepd say weep no more. Our dear Eliza is gone, no longer do we bear Che sweet tones of that angei voi- e, but methink I hear her bidding us Gird our own bright armors on And Irion our lamps or heaven, For those whose lights are burning clear. Full entrance shall be given. E LOUISVILLE A- YAZOO RIVER DIR.CT. THE STEAMER MONROE, S GU ARTNEV, Maeter, will leave Louisville for all landings on the Yazo River on tho 15th August. The Monroe has been thoroughly repaired is very tfubs'i'i'it) and Stands No 1. with the Insur ance Offices. ited A good Book-keeper can find a permanent situation with a good salary, by spplying at this Office. Yazoo ci y july 23d To I lie Indiei JUST received a great vatiety of surpmer and dress goods, bonnets, ribbons eic The ladies are very respectfully requested to call and examine before pirchnung elsewhere. April 1 1 tli 1. 61. J. V. CALDWELL. Atternf fK. S. 5. WRIGHT, is my authori rd Lr-siAsen'. rlurinsr mv absence tliis Su nmer. July 23d 1931-tf II. A. NL'Nit ILLY. CnoIidat'. F or Clianecllot- of ytate. John I. Onion ha amhomed n announce his name ms a candidate for the above office, at the November election For Sheriff. We are authorised to announce Di. A. JENKINS as a candidate for Sheriff of Yaaoo county at the next November election. We are authorised to announce JOHN W. FUQUA as a ca ndrdnte fW re-election to the office of Sheriff of Yazoo eetrury art the next November election. For Probate. Judge We are are authorized to-announce GEO. B. WILKINSON for Probate Judffe of Yazoo county at me ensuing election For CirewH Clerk. We are authorised to announce GIBSON BARNES, as a candidate-for re-election to the office et Circuit Court dark, at the November election. We are authorised to announce JAMES PERRY Jr. aa a candidate for the office of Circuit clerk of Yazoo county at the next No vember election. For Probate Clerk. We are authorized to announce JAMES H BELL, as a candidate for re-election to th office of Probate clerk of Yazoo county, a me next November election. We are authorized to announce N. P. COOK as a candidate for the office of Probate clerk, at the ensuing November election. Fr Treasurer. We are authorised to announce-Dr. D. A. DORM AN as a candu'at for ouncy Treasu f er at the next jVbvember election. We are authorised to announce ANDREW WALLACE, as a candidate for Countv Treasu rer at the ensuing November election. We are authorised to announce ROBERT STEPHENS, as a candidate for Ihe office of County Treasurer, at the ensuing November electoion We are authorised to announce X. B. DEA- SON, as a candidate for County Treasurer, at the ensuing JNovornber election. We are authorised to announce JOHN H. EVANS, aa a candidate for county Treasurer Erection en the 1st fitaaday of November next. We are authorized to announce Joins 0. Htnr Tarn as a candidate for Countv Treasur er at the ensuing November election. We are authorised to announce R, M. WINN as a candidate for county Treasurer, at the next November election. For Assessor We are authorised te announce JAJVTESM- GRIFFIN, as a candidate for Assessor, at the ensuing Novem We are authorised l announce R. E. ! P a a candidat0 Tor wctinn to the of- i ocb or cwinir Awsssor or xazoo county ai uic next November election. We are authorized to announce ROBERT WHISHT as a candidate fbr county assessor at the next November e loot I cm . We are authorized to ann-mnce A. STAM PLBY ae a candidate fbr Aaveseor t Yazo? county at tbe next November election.