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THE YAZOO DEMOCRAT.
Published Weekly Office on itlain Street. By S. 'JH. Phillip & A. 11 le Perkin VOL. 9. YAZOO PITY, MSlSISSiPPI, WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 20, 1853. kr-r:-' -" NO. 24. The Yazoo Democrat nuhliahed WEEKLY, every Wednesday T3 at THREE DOLLARS IN AD VAIN UK, or month from the four if hot paid within on time of subscribing. No paper will be discontinued until al! arrearages are paid unless at the option of the publishers TERMS OF ADVEKTlSWa. Five lines or loss, for one insertion:: Etch couti nuance:: ::::::::::::::"" :$1 00 ::: 50 ' From five to ten lines,::. :.: Rich c in tinumce, ::::::::: :: Vn lines for one month, three " : :::! 00 ::: 50 :::4 00 :::8 00 .10 oO ..... SIX i twelve " 12 00 Longer advertisments the same proportion. Vv. R. MILES. B. MAJTES. Miles & fllayea. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, kriLL give their attention to all Dusmess W entrusted to them in all the Courts held iu the coueties of Y&zoo and Holmes. CrOfncn Wilson's building, by the Tel egraph office. Yazoo City, Jan. 5, 1853-1 y. JOM1US L. JOHlTsoW- JOHN SHRYOCK . - , k,-"H.HW VWX. .fc-W fc J. I a. JOUXSO & tO. WHOLESALE GROCERS AND COMMIS SION MERCHANTS, No 82 Magazine St. Corner Poydras Street, NEW ORLEANS. Oct. 1st 1832- ly James K. 3uxrus, G. W. Dougharty 15 m rut & Dons h arty Attorney's at Law WILL give prompt attention to business entrusted to them in the Circuit and Pro bate courts of Y'azoo Holmes and Madison oud iu the Superior courts at Jackson. Yazoo city, July 30th 1351. ly . Zniv CARD. S- 8. Wright, Attorney At Law, Yazoo City, Miss. WILL practice in the courts at Jackson, and the Circuit Courts ol Holmes, azoo Carroll. Vttalaand Choctaw and the haneery court at Carrolton. A. M. H-AtlDIN. M HdYNES Hardin & Hayues. Dealers in Produce, Groceries, Staple f roods Wines, Liquors, Tobacco, Cigars, Su gar, C.iTie, Flour, Pork, Bacon, Molasses, Sal, Spices, Soap, Starch, Shot, Gunpowder, hnli.ro, B;i-iriii2' Rone and Twine, White Lead, Quinine, ifyc. &c. Yaof) City, iTIiss. Nearly opposite P. O'Donnell. P.S. We are prepared to furnish all kinds ol supplies to Planters, and naake Cash advan ces oa Citton conjined to our friends in N Orleans. M ?ssrs. OAKE Y & HAWKINS. 2Iia 1951. P. W Quackenboss, Attorney and Counsellor at Lata. YAZOO CITY, MISS, g CONTINUES to practice in the counties of VyV;i7n. Holmes, Madison, and Carroll, in the superior courts of law and Chancery at Jackson, and the Vice Chancery coi't at Carrol I ton. Particular attention will also be dad toaiiyci3es that rmy be entrusted to nim tin Probate Court of Yazoo county. LAW CARD. J. M, CLARK. Attorney and Counsellorat Lata, Yazoo city, Jits. WILL practice in the courts at Jackson, and the circuit courts of Winston, At tala, Leake, Madison, Yazoo and Holmes. All business entrusted to his care will re ceive prompt attention. Yazoo city, april loth 1851-tf WILSON, Sicambbat Agent, COMMISSION and FOR WARDING MERCHANTS, No. 17 Garon delet .Street, New Orleans. Q-y- Particular attention paid to filling orders R INFERENCES. Fay;ir & ll irrisou, tiill, M'Lean & Co. leHowcs& Co. Robeson & Allen, P. A. Owen & Co. Ward &. Jonas. B. S. TAPPAN & CO. DEALERS IN IlIJTEEt, HAILS. oFIKIS. BLACKSMITH S TOOLS, CARRIAGES, SPRINGS, AXLES, CASTINGS, FRITTING PAPER AND INK, WASHING THN STREET, VlCKSBURG, MlSS. Dec. 15, 1852. . n6.-ly LITTLE'S STRENGTHENING PLATSEii TtOR the cure of Weakness of the Back r Breast, Weak Joints, and for al deep, seated Pains, etc. They are spread upon 1 omb-skin, and can be applied in two min utes, and must be invariably worn upon the chest whilst taking the Anodyne Cough Drops Frejjch Mixture, etc., as recommended. Find ing Strengthening Plasters so useful in the it reatment of many cases, often indeed indis ipensaohr ueeessary, I am induced, therefore, to have prepared an artiele that is really good ito place with my Pharmaceutical Medicines. Pc. 1st '51. THOMPSON & CO) Agents J. E. SHROPSHIRE Freight, Trunks arid Parcels, FORWARDED BY t v ADAMS & COS 9 JSe.w York and New Orleans Express, from of fice, 16, 18 and 19 Wall Street, New York. 72 Camp Street, New Orleans. Jan 28, 1852-12 ML. B. WOLFE, Auctioneer ana Commission Merchant, Yazoo City, Mississippi, Will make liberal advances on coo sign fluents to his address. Yazoo city, Jan. 19, 1853, Texas Land for Sale. QOA ACRES ol Texas Land in Jefferson MUU countv. Texas, for s If. bv county, Texas, for sale bv Yazoo City, Feb 4, 1852. S. H. WlU'ON. DRY GOODS. Noa. 11 & 13, Magazine Street, Corxer of Common, New Orleans. The subscribers have on hand, arid still continue to receive Prom the North rind Eu rope, a complete assortment of Ettrufx -.n um American Drv Goods suitrthto I'm this market and which i.'iey ti'spi: t'u II) ylfer er bale on reoNouuule terms. Their stock of Dr (1,h,A fovlilii ?n nart of the following' enumerated articles: French uid Eaglish Negro Blankets; 7-8,4-4, 4-4, and Twilled Lowell cJottous, 3-4,7-8,4-4, and Twilled White and Brown, Cottons, Kentucky Linseys and Jeans, Glasgow Jeans and Lowell Linseys, PlaidLinseys for House Servants. Blue and Fancy colored Kentucky Jeans. White, Blue, Red, Yellow, and Green Flannels, Negro Woolen Caps, Socks and Shirts, Heavy and Light Cottonades and Denims. for plantations. Madras and Mock Madras Handkerchiefs, for Negroes. Blue, Black and Mixed Satinets, French Calicoes, Ginghams, Silks, Bareges, English Calicoes, Merinos, Alpacas and Bombazettes, English Hose, Undershirts, Drawers and Gloves. German Hose, and Half-hose, Plain; White, Figured aud Colored Swiss MuHiat. Irish Linen, Drilling and Diapers, India Rubber Suspenders, Apron Checks; Cotton and Silk Umbrellas, Cotton and Thread Laces, etc. Purchasers are respectfully invited to call and examine our stock be ore niacin their purchases, NORTH BROTHERS, & CO. New Orleans, Oct. 22d, 1852 ly. Glass, 'liiu:i ami Queens ware. J UST received and for sale at reduced prices, a general assortment of Cut, Flint and press ed Glass; Ironstone and Granite Crockery; Plain, Figured and Gilt China fine Pocket, Table and other Cutlery; culver spoons, fcorks. Goblets, &c Also fine Watches and Jewelry of all descrip tions, together with a great variety ol tine, fancy and useful articles. S. H. WILSON. Nov. 17, 1852. Opposite Winn's Hotel. Cutlery RAZORS of the best quality, Shears and Scissors, Rogers and Congress Knives, Fine Knives and Folks, For sale low bj SHROPSHIRE & MASSEY. October 27. 1852. JAMES H. PATTERSON, coin mi ssi on merchant. No. 9, Locust Street, ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI. Refer to Messrs. Shropshire & Massey, and R. R. Williamson & Co., Yazoo City. Oct. 13, 1852. ShroMsnie & Massey t removed to their New House im mediately OTJpfJsi'o Messrs. J. nearn vv Co., where they arc opening an elegant Stock ot rail and Winler Cxoods, consisting oi a great variety, and nearly every article usually kept in the dry goods line. And to gentlemen waiving fine out fits, in the way ot the latest styles of paterns, fashions &c, wculd do weii to give them a call, as their f.tock of Clothing is very superior in style, palern and make. Also a large stock of Produce, and supplies generally. The public, are respectfully invited to call and examine the ir stock. Main Street, Yazoo City, Sept. 22, 182. IVf-w II r its Thorn Hook St !' S O tl O o :i Druggists nex: Main" St. Yazoo supply of fresh Mli1 LES A LE and v door tu Winn's Hotel, Citv, are recmng a large Druers medicines chemical paints, Oils, Dye stutf, Glassware, perfumery, soaps, Books, sta tionery 4c, oil of which they offer at unusu ally low prices. Merchants, physicians, plan ters and others will find it to tljeir interest to give us a calL ff. B. A largtj supply of garden seed ale. Yazoo City J inuary 21, 1851 tf for P. A. OWEN, New Orleans. W. H. D. WEN DEL, Oxford, Miss. P. A. 0JEM & CO, Cotton Factors 8c Commission Merchants No. 17, Carondelbt Street, NEW OELEAUS. Refer to Judge J. R. BURRUS, Yazoo City, A. M. WEST, Holmes County, JESSE MABRY, Vernon, Mi. TE are prepaired to make advances hhd fur V nish supplies to plattters wishing- to do business with the above firm. June 9, 1852. JAMES THAHP&CO. Classical School riHE undersigned would respectfully inform L the citizens of Yazoo City, that he will take charge of the Classical School in that place on the first Mondav in January, 1853. He proposes to teach all the branc hes of Edu cation usually taught in such Schools, viz : Lat in, Greek, French and Mathematics, also the Natural Sciences. , , Having had saveral years successful experience in teaching in the South, he feels confident of giving satisfaction to the patrons of the r hool. And he obligates himself to make the school one of permanency and high reputation, provided he receives liberal patronage from Ok citizens of Yazoo citv and vicinity. Tuition fees, from S3 to $5. . Dec. 8, 1852-5-tf. J. A. SAMPLE. . E. BRTJNER W. I BEL NEB. BRTOfER & SON, Commission eeevl For" warding Mere Hauls, Mulberry Street, Vicksburg, Mississippi, vrEEVo constantly on hand, Plantation Sup plies of all kind.. WKow-fcc. Liberal advances maae ou cuimm, .rt- r friftnd. J. H. HEALD, i Natchez Stbeet. New Orleans, member 15, 1852. br? - 7wA C)f 00(1 ; WjUWv CIGARS of the best brand, for sale by LEWIS FRANKLIN. hlareh 23, 1853? doing to New Orleans. PURCHASE YOUR CLOTHING of ALFRED MUNROE & CO., 34 Maga zine Street. The great feature with them is, the large stork always kept, of Gentlemen's, Boys', and Chil dren's Clothing also Furnishing Goods. At this house, the price of every article is marked upon it. People, whether good or bad judges, need have no fears of being cheated, for after the purchase of any article, should any dtssatisfuc tion exist, the money will be refunded on its being returned. JNo trouble to show goods with them, as their whole object is to please those who lavor them with a call- Overcoats of every description. Walking Coats of all kinds. Business Coats of all kinds. Dress and Frock Coats of all kinds. Cloth Cloaks of various qualities., , ,, . . ... 2. , , Talma and Khaban Cloaks, new article. ters' to make talown what wouUl m' olllclal Pantaloons of all kinds Vests of all kinds. Undershirts and Drawers of all kinds. Half Hose and Gloves of all kinds. Cotton and Linen Shirts of all kinds. Cravats and Scares magnificent assortment. Handkerchiefs and Suspenders. ALSO A very superb assortment of BO Y;S 4- CHILDREN S CLOTHING. To Steamboat Captaitis, Pilots, Etc. CCT Yotir particular attention is invited to our very large assortment of Overcoats or Every Description. FfTR BEAVERS, HIMALAYA CLOTHS, HEAVY PILOT CLOTHS, DEVON SHIRE KERSEYS, SUPERIOR BLANKETS, MOTTLED BEAVERS, WHITNEY CLOTHS. ETC. In all of which goods we have some EXTRA LONG COATS, manufactured expressly for your use. CO" You had better call and purchase one if vou want something comfortable. ALFRED MUNROE & CO. 31 Magazine st., corner Dec,. 15, lS52.-ly. ofGravier. SIMPS 0WS 1 R V - in OO its novsE, No. 50, Canal Strket New Orleans OFFERS gieat inducements to Planters and others wishing to select a list of Dry Goods. The stock consists of a lage assortment of Plantation, Household & Fancy Goods, KBBltACr'NO IN FART, Lowells, Kerseys, Lir seys, Blankets, De nims, Cottonades, Shirtings, Sheetings, Linen (rods. Calicoes, Alerinoes. Alpaccas, and DRESS GOODS of all descriptions. This es- iabliohment keeping all kinds of Dry-Goods from Domestics to the richest Fabrics, and sell ing any quantity desired is better adapted to fill i bill of generil Dry-Lroods, than any other in w Orleans and you are asked to Kemem i,ek this fact, which you can prove to your rives by an examination this house sells goods aper by from FIFTEEN to TWENTY per ent, than any other in New Orleans. Ask bur neighbor, who has bought at Simpson's, ml he will testisy to this fact, and then call yourself at SIMPSON'S, No. 50 Canal Street, New Orleans. Dec. 15, 1852. J, THARP, O W WOOD Ja's r harp & Co Dealers in Fancy and Staple Dry Goods, Clo thing, Hats, Uools, Shoes, Hardware, Queens, ware, etc. YAZOO CITY. MISS. WE are now receiving a general stock of the above articles, with many others toe iedious to mention, all new and fresh, select ed by ourselves in the Eastern cities and offei ed on as good terms as can be had of Jev or Gentile. We can be found opposite C. T. Mann's drug store, and next door to Messrs Haynes & Dabbs. 'Call and see." Sept. 10th, 1P51. Yazoo City and New-Orleans WEEKLY PACKET. Leaves on every Monday Evening the XI.E, w , liittgii jjiffii i unu iooi ruil- vmir m 1 r nin? basseiiffer Steamboat, D. S STACY J. J. Tyson, Master, will leave Yazoo City on every Monday Eve ning at 4 o'clock. Returning, leaves New Or leans every Friday evening at 5 o'clock. The D, S. Stacy ie enti.ely new, built this season with all late improvements for the comfort and safety of passengers. For freight or passage apply on board or to W. WYMAN, December 15, 1852. Agent. Tpowell & hillyard7 BAXI All IA1IISS MAKERS 11 HE undersigned have this day entered into a co-partnership, for the purpose of carrying on the COACH, HARNESS AND SADDLE BY MANUFACTURING and hope by a strict attention to business, to merit a continuance of the patronage heretofore so liberally bestowed upon the senior partner. Mr. Hillvard flatters himself, that with his ex- nerience in the business, he will be enabled to compete in prices, and excell in workmanship, any Northern or Eastern work finished for the Southern Market. R. B. POWELL, F. P. HILLY AKD Yazoo CPy, Nov. 23, 1852, Dec. 1, '524 PISTOLS! PISTOLSH REVOLVING self-cocking and other su nerior quality pistols, for sale by December 24th 1851, S. H. WILSON. 7A. F. Dunbar & Co Manufacturers, and Wholesale Dealers in BOOTS, SHOES AND RKOOANS, No. 54 and IS, Common Street, NEW UKJLEANS. October 1st 1852 ly THE DEMOCRAT. Trr TV": ,. " tttt: ,r , pn illips & perkins" EuiTOItR. EXECUTIVE CHAMBER. ) Jackson, April Clh, 18&3. J To the Editor of the Flag tf the Union : Sir : AbMMpur weeks sirice, 1 published in your paper, llf Executive Proclamatign on the subject of the elections which will occur in the State of Mississippi, in November next. In that Proclamation, I directed the returning officers in the different counties, to hold an election, in the Stateat large, of five members of Congress; con sidering, as I did at the time, that the District System was no longer in existence. I had adop ted this view of the matter, upon some reflec tion, and after advising with various worthv gentlemen of great juridical learning. Though I have regarded the question involved in this proceeding, as one of quite a difficult character, and have considered it as not a little uncertain what precise course I was bound to pursue, in the embarrassing predicament in which the Leg islature left me last autumn ; yet, having upon the whole, come to the conclusion that it would be best to order an election of five members in the State at large, 1 was willing, under earnest solicitations on the subject, from various quar action in the case, several months earlier, than I was bound by law to do. I had hoped that the Proclamation would have beeu received with genend satisfaction, and tliat a hcary- acquies cence would have been accorded to it among all classes of our citizens. To my great surprise however, it has evidently awakened considerable public discontent, among persons of high stand ing in the community, of every shade and com plexion as tc party politics. This state of things, has induced me again to examine the point in controversy, and to advise, in a more formal manner, with several distinguished legal gentle men, in regard to the course proper to be pur sued. I confess, that my own mind, yet deci dedly inclines to the opinion upon which 1 have heretofore acted. But, never having conceived that any grea i yritirAyle was involved in my ac. tion on this subject; and never having been over tenacious, either, as to matters of mere form ; being perfectly confident, also, that our five rep resentatives will be allowed to take their seats in Congress, in whatever mode theyjnay happen to be elected; I have finally determined to reg ulate my course by the opinion of the Attorney General of the State, who is made, by law, my Constitutional adviser in regard to such matters ; more especially as he. stands substantially sus tained by the Chief Justice of the High Court of Errors and Appeals, (for whose written opinion I should have applied, but for his absence from "Jackson at this momeut,) tile Chancellor of the State, KxCbanceUor Cocke, and other learned jurists. I trust, that after this sacrifice of opin ion on my part, under a grave sense of official duty, the dissatisfaction heretofore existing, will at once cease. I have the honor to request that you will in sert the following communications, addressed to ine by various gentlemen, which have been re ferred to above, and oblige, Your obedient servant, H. S. FOOTE. Aii'oeney General's Office, ? Jackson, April 6th, 1853. Hon. H. S, Foole, Governor, 6fc. Sir: I am in receipt of your communication of this morning. You have expressed a wish for a prompt answer, and I shall, therefore, employ but few words to express an opinion long enter tained and carefully considered by me. jFYf- In answer to your first question. I re ply that " the legal and proper mode of conduc. ting the approaching Congressional elections," is as follows: To hold an election for one member of Congress in each of the Districts, as'marked out. by the Act of 1846, page 123 ; and to hold an election in every county in the State, for the fifth or additional member, as provided by the Act of 1850, page 120. The only mode of avoid ing this result, is to show that the Acts of 1846 and 1850, art inconsistent or repugnant. If so. in what ? Has the Act of 1846 ever been re pealed? If so, when and where? It cannot be repealed by a Congressional enactment. What State law conflicts -with it ? None, as I can see. Ls it the Act of 1850? Now, the two Acts re late to a kindred subject our Congrssional Rep resentation. The rule of law is universal, " that if both Acts be merely affirmative and the substance such that both may stand together, here the latter does not repeal the former, but they shall both have a concurrent efficacy." Un der this rule, both of these laws must operate. We were entitled to Four members and under the Act of 1846, we elected them by Districts. In 1850, the Legislature anticipated an increase in our Representation under the census of that 'fin . , r , . o t year. W nat provision was inaue ior ii t in that event, the Governor is to order " an elec ion to be held at the next general election" for such additional number of Representatives, as this State shall be entitled to in the said Con gress, which said " additional Representative shall be elected by the qualified voters of the State at lat ge, under the general ticket system." Does this conflict with the Act of 1846, in any way ? It does not touch a feature, of it in fact or prin ciple. They are both affirmative one is to the mode of electing the old, the other the new mem bers. The substance of each is not repugnant in fact, the latter is but a supplement or addi tion to the former. If you consider the Act of 1846, as repealed, under wbat law will you eleci the old members? There must be some legal authority for the election. You cannot elect under the Act of 1850. It only provides for the election of "such additional Representative." Com true both laws together, and you have a le- gal wairant for the election of all the member;:' to which Mississippi is by law entitled in the next Congress. Secondly I answer to your second question, that I consider it the duty of the Executive. to order, by Proclamation, an election in the mode designated by the laws of the Slate. Thirdly I do not consider the Executive as invested with any discretion in the premi e3. He is bound in his action to consult the law. It is true, he must judge for himself, whai is the law; but when this is determined, he acts in obedience to law and not in the light of his own choice or discretion. I have the honor to be; most rcspsctfully, Your obedient servant, D. C. GLENN, Attor'y. Gon. Though I hive hitherto beeii inclined to thiul the Act of 1846, inoperative since the late ap portionmcul Act, since I have seen the forego ing opinion, I am satisfied it 19 substantially correct. Respectfully, GEORGE T. SWANN. I concur in the opinion of the Attorney Gen cral. Respectfully, J. D. ELLIOTT. To his Excellency, Gov. H. S. Vmote, Sik : In answer to your inquiries, I have to ,-av that when you consulted myself and my associ ates on the Bench, touching the projier mode of electing the Representatives in Congress, I was of opinion that the mode laid down in your late Proclamation was the true one. At your spe cial solicitation, I liavc again givcti the subject a hasty examination ; and whilst I still retain the opinion formerly expressed, 1 am compelled to confess that in my judgment there is much room for doubt whether the District system b or is not in force at the present time. H in force at all, I am decidedly of opinion tliat there is no law authorizing, or providing for the elec tion of the fifth member; holding as I do that the act of 1850 is no longer operative. I have the honor to be, Yor friend and ob't. serv't. E. S. FISHER. Chancellor's Officf, ) Jackson, April 0, 1853. ) To His Excellency, Gov. H. S. Foote: Sir : I have the honor of stating briefly 1113 opinion in reganl to the questions propounded in your communication. I am of the opinion, that four of tlie Ropre sentatlvcs, to which this Stale w ill be entitled, in the Congress of the United States, should be elected under the provisions of the act of 1840. The additional memlier to which the State is entitled Under the late appointment law, can not be chosen under the District sytem, for the reason, that the act of 1846 makes no provision for the election of such member, hence the only mode, if any exists, of electing such representa tive is by the voice of the whole people. I doubt not your authority, as Executive of the State, to issue a proclamation for tlie election of representatives in Congress and otlier officers. The mode or manner of such election must lw regulated by the law, which you have no power to settle, though you may, in the exercise ol a sound discretion, give your opinion of the law or its reasonable construction Very respectfully, CHAS. SCOTT. Jackson, Miss., April 6, 1853. His Excellency, Henry S. Foote: Dear Sir: Your letter of to-day is now before me. I have looked into the questions submitted but hurriedly. From the examination and re flection I have given the subject, it is. and lias been my opinion, that on the failure of the Leg islature to district the State, so as to have five representatives elected under the late apportion ment of Congress, though the State laws on the subject are a good deal confused, taken together, a construction that should require the election of four members by Districts, and one by the State at large, w-ould, in my opinion, best comport with the seemingly expressed intention of the legislature. This view results from the consideration, that the increased representation to which the State is entitled, under the late apportionment, does not, in my opinion, abrogate the State law re quiring the members of Congress to bs elected by four districts ; inasmuch As the law of the State further provides, that it shall be the duty of the Governor, to issue his proclamation for any additional member, to which the State may be entitled under any apportionment law of Con- , 1 1 ....aj 1- gress. The election to De conuueteu according to the State election laws. If in this view, I am wrong, and I am. by no means conclusive in my opinion, it would seem to follow, that if the apportionment by Con gress, did have the effect, virtually, tcabrogate the State laws, by their inappropriateness to the objects to be attained, the Governor should issue his proclamation for all the representatives to be elected by the State at large. This, not of his discretion, but on his judgment, of what tlui legal rule was ; and thus, take action from con siderations of Executive duty. Whether the one mode, or the other, be adop ted, as a practical question, I think it of little importance; let that be as it may, assuredly the fault, if any, is not with the Executive, m wii the Legislature. With gieat respect) your obedien t servi, STEPHEN COCKE. Jackson, April 6th, 1852. Hon H S. Foote, Governor, $c.Sir: In ' rf this date, we reolv to your commuuu . '. repi . i .k. o rf lftdfl. is now in are ot opinion iu ' forcej in this State, m regam v w the four members ot uongress, pruv.vxc . that act, and tllat they should under mid net bo elected by the Districts therein established. We are also of the opinion, that th- election of the fifth member of Congress, under ibe laic ap portionment, can only take place by the g ral ticket y m as provided for by law. pre vious to the act of 1H16. Perhaps the law of 1850 has expiied by it own limitation, hut if this be so, we nevertheless, think the act of l.;'l would perhaps prevail so as to su thorite th election of a fifth member, by the general tick, t system. At all events, noihin" will be lost hv till; course, since the election of oiie in that mode will be as valid, as the election of five, and we know of no other mode, under the law in w hich said fifth member can be elected. Very respectfully, your obedient serv't, J W. C. WATSON, P. ANDERSON, C. R. CLIFTON. Naval Force of the United Slate. The Navy Register for the current year has just been issued. From it we learn that our naval force is made up as follows : Eleven ships of tho line, carrying eight hun dred and sixty guns. Of these, three are in com mission as receiving ships, three in ordinary, four on the stock, and one preparing for Bea The Independence, a razee, carrying fifty four guns, is al&o preparing for sea. Twelve frigates of the first and one of the oud class, carrying five hundred and sixty-four guns. Of theie, five are in commission, four in ordinary, two on the stocks, and two preparing for sea. Twenty-one sloop-, of war, carrying four hun dred and two guns. Of these, fifteen are in com mission, one in ordinary, and five for sea. prep Four brigs, carrying forty guns. Of flu three are in commission, and lone preparing for 3ea. Also, four schooners, carrying seven guns; two of which arc in commission, one in ordi nary, aud one preparing for sea. Five steam frigates carrying forty guns, all in commission; four steamers of the first class, car rying eighteen guns, two of which arc in coin- mission, one rriairing, and one preparing for sea; and seventeen steamers leu than firt c I carrying five guns, three of which bm in com mission, two preparing for sea, and two employ ed as lendeVs. Five store .ships carrying twenty-four guns, throe of theni are in commission, and one pre paring for sea;- This gives a total of seventy five vessels ol all kinds, carrying two thousand and fourteen guns. The officers of the navy are as follows : pixtv- cight captains, ninety-seven cimimandcre, three hundred and twenty-seven lieutenants, sixtv- nine surgeons, forty passed assistant surgeons, thirty-seven assistant sUrgeolis. sixty-three pur sers, fourteen masters, in the line ofpromoftt one hundred and ninety-seven pa.ss.-d midship men, and one hundred and ninety eight midship men. Greei.y TUKSce AOAJMtoT Si'ittino. Since Horace Grecly suffered such fatal consequences from spitting on the platform, in the last Pres idential election, he has grown bitterly hostile to the habit of spitting, as witness the follow ing "crowded from his paper : If those who befoul their persons infect the. atmosphere by this pernicious and nauseating habit, could be affected by expostulation, or Pa tire, or ridicule, it might be worth while to dis charge a full volley at them. But we fear they are incorrigible. For ourselves, we have a leel ing sense of this inveterate habit of filthir.ess. We presume we get spit upon fo ty times 4 year. We never get into a crowd, and never pjsfi through a bevy of men on ihe street, and never go to leeward 011 board a steamer, that we do not apprehend, and very generally experience, a shower of tobacco juice, ejected" from the nasty, tobacco crusted mouths of chewers artd spitters. We always feel that such fellows should not be allowed to go at large, unless each had a spittoon attached to his hose by a ring, into which he might expectorate his saliva. But it is a foul subject, and we will not write about it. The dirty dogs who chew and spit, and spit and chew, arc net worth tlie words we have already wasted upon them. AVOID WET FEET. Wet feet are fertile sources of sickness, diseases and death, and we commend the folow ing"oldbut good"' preventive to the attention of our readers. We have tested it, and know it to be effectual : '' I have only had three iir of boots for tn last six years, (no shoes,) and I think 1 will not require any more for tlie next six years td tome. The reason is. that I treat them in the following manner : "1 put a pound of tallow and half a pound of rosin in a pot on the fire : mixed, 1 warm tla? boots and with a painter's brush, unt d and y tin; hot stulf it her sole nor unrjer leather will suck any more. If it is de- sired that boots should take an immediate polish dissolve an ounce of wax ih spirits of turpear tina- to which add a teasponful of lamp black. A day after the boots have been treated w ilk the tallow and. rosin, rub, over them this wax and turpentine, but not before the fire. Tfcus the exterior wijl have a coat of wax alone, aad ehine like a mirror. Tallow, or any other grease, be eomee rancid, and rota the stitching as well the leather, ; but the rosin gives it an antiseptic quality, which preserves the whole. Boots and shoes should be so large as to admit of cork soles. Cork is si bad a conductor of heat, tfcnt, w ith in boO'a, the fast are always warm on the cold est stone floor; WmwWmWt