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THE YAZOO DEMOCRAT.
Published Weekly Office on Main Street. By 8. HI. Phillips Sc. A. Sotile Ptrktns. KO. 30. VOL. 9. YAZOO CITY, MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE 1, 1853. - - i The Yazoo Democrat Ts published WEEKLY", every Wednesday :at THREE DOLLARS IN ADVANCE, or four if not paid within on 3 month from the time of subscribing. No piper will be discontinued until ah nrraratrca are paid unless at the option of the publishers T3RMS OF ADVERTISING. From one to ten lines, :::::::: ::::::::::: Bach coo. tin nance :::::::::::::: :::::::::::::: IV n lines for one month,:::::::::::::::: 44 three 4 :::::::::::::::: 44 14 six 44 ::::: :::: ::::: 4 4 4 4 twelve 44 ::::::::::::: :::::::::::$l 00 :::::::::::::: 50 :::::::::::::4 00 ::::::::::::::8 00 ::::;:::::10 oO ::::::::: 12 00 Longer advertisments the same proportion. W. it. r. b. mayes. Miles & Illrtjes. . . ATTORNEYS AT LA W , TTII.L give their attention to all business entrusted to them in all the Courts held iu Mte counties of Yaxooand Holmes. Orr Office in Wilson's building, by the Tel egraph office; Yazoo City, Jan. 5, 1853-1 y. JUNIUS L. JOHNSON JOHN SHEYOOK F. Ms, JOHSO & CO. WHOLESALE GROCERS AND COMMIS SION MERCHANTS, No 82 Magazine St. Corner Poydras Street, NEW ORLEANS. Oct. 1st 1852 lv James R 3orras, a. W. Doaghartjr Attorney's at Law WILL give prompt attention to business entrusted to them in the Circuit and Pro hate courts of Yazoo Holmes and Madison ottd in tfie Superior courts at Jackson. Yazoo city, July 30th 1351. ly g. . Wright. Attorney At Law, Yazoo City, Mis. WILL practice in the courts ai Jackson, and the Circuit Courts ci Holmes, Vra7.oo Carroll, Vtilaanu Choctaw and the hancery court at Carrolton. A. M. HARDIN. M H.VYKES , Hardin & Haynes Dealers in Produce, Crocerirs, Staple troorls Wines, Liquors, Tobacco, Cigars, Su- ir, t.t;e, tiour. Pork, Bacon, Molasses Sal, Spices, Soap, Starch, Shot. Gunpowder. Indi Bia Rope and Twine, White Lea l, Quinine, w. c. fPi' Hi V i n"n . ' ' 1,oa"J up?-4"-. ximnen. , P.S. Wears prepared to furnish all kindi it suppli 's to Planters, and make Cash advan CCM o.i Ctton eoasinod t our friends in N 1 1 inns. Mssars.OAKEr & HAWKINS. 27th 1851. F. W Quackenboss, Attorney an I Counsellor at Lu". YAZOO CITY, MisS. (CONTINUES to practice in the eon-tie? ot .Yazoi. Holmes, Madison, and Carroll, in the superior eourts of law and Chanc ry at Jekson, and the Vice Chancery coi t at 'Jarrollton. Particular attention will al,o be ad to any cases that may be entrusted to uim hi Probate Court of Y a zoo count v. I. AW CAR D. J. M, CLARK, Attorney and Counscllorut L-uc, Yai: city, Mi. ILL practice in the courts at Jackson, and the circuit courts ot Winston, At tn la, Leake, Madison, Yazoo and Holmes. AH business entrusted to his care wiil re ceive pib:npt attention. Yazoo city, april 15th lS51-tf T, WILSON, Steamboat Agent, COMMISSION and FOR WARDING MERCHANTS, No. 17 Caron delet N'lreet, New Orleans. frjf Particular attention paid to filling orders RI-. FEttENCEs. Fayaa ..Sc Harrison, LI ill, M'Lean & Co. 1 etiowe& Co. Robeson & Allen, P. A. Owen & Co. Ward & Jonas. B. S. TAPPAN & CO. DEALERS IN . I80J. STEEL, BAILS, SPIKES. BL.4CKSai1V lOOLS, CARRIAGES, SPRINGS, AXLES, CASTINGS, PBIXTIXG PAPER AND INK, WASHING TUN STREET, Vicksrukg, Mrss. Dec. 15, 1853. n6.-ly J.ITTLE'S STRENGTHENING PLATSLK tjOR the cure of Weakness of the Back Breast, Weak Joints, and for al deep seated Pains, etc. They are spread upon 1 amb-skin, and can be applied in two min utes, and must be invariably worn upon the chest whilst taking the Anodyne Cough Drops v -l. writ. . i. . , , r. r. rreiiuuiuiAiucc, ic., as recommenuea. rina ing Strengthening Plasters so useful in the Ircatment of many cases, often indeed indis pensably necessary, I am induced, therefore, to have prepared an article that is really good to place with my Pharmaceutical Medicines. Oc. 1st '51. THOMPSON & CO Agents J. E. SHROPSHIRE jfrmft Vi, Trunks and Parcels, - O ' FORWARDED BY ADAMS & COS' New York and New Orleans Express, from of nee, 16, 18 and 19 Wall Street, New York. 72 Camp Street, New Orleans, fan 23, 1852-12 M. bTwoLF JE, Auctioneer and Commission Merchant, Yazoo Gity, Mississippi, "JtVill make liberal advances on consignments to Kis address. Yazoo city, Jaq. 19, 1853. A. F. Dunbar & Co Manufacturers, and Wholesale .Dealers in BOOTS, SHOES AND BROGANS, No. 54 and 56, Coaunon Street, NEW ORLEANS. October 1st 185 ly DRV GOODS. Nos. 11 & 13, Magazine Street, Corner of Common, New Orleans. The subscribers have on hand, and still continue to receive from the North and Eu rope, a complete assortment of European and American Dry Goods suitable for this market and which they respectfully oiler fer sale on reasonable terms. Their stock of Dry Goods consists in part of the following enumerated articles: French tnd English Negro Blankets; 7-8,4-4, 4-4, and Twilled Lowel 1 Cottons, 3-4,7-8,4-4, and Twilled White and Brown, Cottons, Kentucky Linseys and Jeans, Glesnrow Jeans and Lowell Linseys, PlaidLinseys for House Servants, Blue and Fancy colored Kentucky Jeans. White, Blue, Red, Yellow, and Green Flannels, Negro Woolen Caps, Socks and Shirts, Heavy and Light Cottonades and Denims. for plantations. Madras and Mock Madras Handkerchief, for- Negroes. Blue, Black and Mixed Satinets, French Calicoes, Ginghams, Silks, Bareges, English Calicoes, Merinos, Alpacas and Botnbazettes, English Hose, Undershirts, Drawers and Gloves. German Hose, and Half-hose, Plain; White, Figured and Colored Swiss Muslins. Irish Linen, Drilling and Diapers, India Rubber Suspenders, Apron Checks; Cotton and Silk Umbrellas, Cotton and Thread Laces, etc. Purchasers are respectfully invited to call and examine our stock be ore making their purchases, NORTH BROTHERS, & CO. New Orleans, Oct. 22d, 1852 ly. Glass, Cliiiia and Quconsware. JUST received and for sale at reduced prices, a general assortment of Cut, Flint and press ed Glass; Ironstone and Granite Crockery; Plain. Figured and Gilt China; fine Pocket, Table and other Cutlery: Silver Spoons, Forks, Goblets. &e. Also tine Watches an I Jewelry ot all descrip- tions, together with a great variety of fine, fancy i and useful articles. S. H. WILSON. Nov. 17, 1S52. Opposite Winn's Hotel. miropsliic & Massey TTAVE removed to their New House lm- jLjL mod i at el v opposite Messrs. J. Heard 5 Co.. where they arc opening an elegant Stock of Fall and Winter Goods, consisting of a irreat variety, and nearly every article usually l . . I. A J, II A. -J . . k - , K Pl " 11 " ; ur Au7, i;" '1 wan tine out fits .n the way of the lates st'lcs of pateims, fashions &C-, would do well to S,ve taem ncall. as their ..tock of Clothing is very superior in stvle, patern and make. - r , prnH,lf.p. nmi .nnlip. j generally. The public are respectfully invited j to call and examine their stock. Main Street, Yazoo Cirjr,Sept.22, 1852. I New Drug and Book Store T ho in son Co. HOLES ALE and Retail Drwrffists next joor to Winn's Hotel, Main St. Yazoo City, ire rocaiving a larjre supply of fresh Drugs medicines chemical paints, Oils, Dye stun, Glassware, perfumery, soaps, Books, sta tionery 4tc., nil of which they offer at unusu ally low prices. Merchants, physicians, plan ters and others will find it to their interest to xiv; usar,;ill. N. 8. A large supply of garden seed for ale. V i zoo Cit lS ")l r. A. OWES, New Orleans. B. n Oxfa WEN'DEL, d, Mi as. 1. A. WEN & CO. Cotton Fadors Sp Commission Merchants No. 17, Car indelet Street, NEW ORLEANS. Refer to Judge J. R. BURRUS, Yazoo Citv, A. M. WEST. Holmes County, J ESSE MABRY, Vernon, Mi. 7E arc prepaircd to make advances and fur ' V nish su .plies to planters wishing to do business with the above firm. J.me 9, 1S52. JAMES THARP & CO. E. E. BKUXER. f W. I. BRUNEK. BRUIER & SON, Commission, Receiving? and For warding merchants, Mulberry Street, Vicksburg, Misnisnppi KEEPo constantly on hand, Plantation Sup plies of all kinds. Wagons, Plows fcc, &c. Liberal advances made on cotton, shipped to our friend, J. H. HEALD, 34 Natchez Street. New Orleans. December 15, 1852. Classical School THE undersigned would respectfully inform the citizens of Yazoo City, that he will take charge of the Classical School in that place on the first Monday in January, 1853 He proposes to teach all the branches of Edu cation usually taught in such Schools, viz : Lat in, Greek, French and Mathematics, also tne Natural Sciences. Having had saveral years successful experience in teaching in the South, he feels confident of giving satisfaction to the patrons of the School. And he obligates himself to make tne scnooione of permanency and high reputation, provided he receives liberal patronage from the citizens ot Yazoo city and vicinity. Tuition fees, from S3 to $5. Dec. 8, 1852-5-tf. J. A. SAMPLE. J, THARP, O W WOOD Ja's 1 harp & Co Dealers in Fancy and Staple Dry Goods, Clo thing, Hats, Boots, Shoes, Hardware, Queens, ware, etc. YAZOO CITY. MISS. 7 E are now receiving a general stock of t t me aoovc articles, with many others to iedious to mention, afl new and fresh, select ed by ourselves in the Eastern cities and offei ed on as good terms as can be had of Je or Gentile. .We can be found opposite C. T Mann's drug store, and next door to Messrs j Haynes & Dabbs. 'Call and see." ept. 10th, 'If Ol, Texas Land Iter Sale. AAA ACRES of Texas Land in Jefferson JJ J county, Texas, for sale by Yazoo City, Feb 4, 1852. S. H . WILSON T H E DEMOCRAT. Phillips & Perkins, editors. From the Southern Cultivator. The Future of tne South. The more we study the agricultural resources and capabilities of the Southern States, and the requirements of commerce and manufactures, now so rapidly extending in all parts of the world, the deeper is our conviction of the ap proaching greatness of the South, and of the ne cessity of preparing for the Future, by adopting a wise system of plantation economy. To im poverish the cotton and sugar lends of the "sun ny South,'" is a wrong and an evil of such mag nitude, that we cannot abstain Jrom giving ex pression to our unaffected sorrow, that the pub. lie wiil not take the subject into its most serious consideration. The elements of greatness sig nify nothing without proper developments and husbandry. A man who will not husband his resources, may make a dashing show of wealth for a few years; but, in the end, his exhaustion and humiliation are inevitable. Foresight and forethought exalt a nation; for they see things as they are, and as they will be, and take meas urcs accordingly to secure all that is good, and void all that is evil. In 1821, there were exported from the United States 124.8U3.4U5 pounds of cotton. In 1849, the export was 1,026.602.269. Increase in 28 years, over 800 per cent. The history of our race furnishes no parallel to these facts, which prove not a fitful, but a steadily increasing de mand for an agricultural staple, of whic h the consumption must increase rapidly until ihe hundreds of millions now destitute of comfor table ciothing and household goods, are fully supplied. In 25 years this Republic will con tain fifty millions of inhabitants ; and without any considerable addition to its population, Eu rope will require twice the cotton it no-.v does to meet the wants of its laboring classes. In view of our Pacifirc trade, it is difficult to esti mate the probable extent of the consumption 04 cotton in China, Japan, and British East Indies The new impulse given 10 commerce, trade and manufactures, by ocean steam navigation, cre ates i demand for cotton as unprecedented, as are the railways, telegraph Wires, and the supply of gold trom California and Australia. It is not unreasonable to assume that the same causes which have created a demand for three million bales ot American cotton in the last quarter of a century, will continue to operate until nine million bales shall no more than supply the wants of consumers, 25 years hence. Possibly the exhaustion of cotton lands and increased ex pense of cultivation, miy raise the price of the article so much as to check consumption, and encourage the growth of wool, flax and hemp as substitutes for cotton fabrics. If the lands adapted to cotton cul'ure suffer little deteriora tion, the producers of this great Southern staple will be able to defy all successlul competition for indefinite generations. They have at this time the soil, climate, labor, skill and capital, to keep in advance of all others engiged in the same pursuits ; but if the natural fertility of the land : b seriously impaired, their rivals in other cotton i growing countries will have every encourage men to persevere and do their best to supply the markets of the world. We cannot believe that the bad policy cf drawing constantly on the natural resources of the soil is to be generally pursued many years longer; end therefore our confidence in the rapid increase of wealth and power in the planting States gains strength as time developes the necessities of all civilized na tions. Dr. Cartwright's admirable paper on the ex tension of Sugar culture North, which forms the eading article in the March number of DeBow's Review, points out several important advanta ges which the South possesses, for the economi cal production of this staple. He has convin ced us, not that sugar can be made cheaper in Louisiana, Texas and Florida, than in the A'est Indies and Brazil, so far as climate and soil are concerned; but that the sugar planters in the States know how to work hands so as to obtain. without over tasking them, twice the quantity of sugar per laborer that is obtained in other countries, whether the laborers are slaves or free. Wisdom in the application of labor in all plan ting operations, whether of cane, cotton, rice. tobacco, or corn, is a distinguishing feature in American agriculture. We speak of planting only as an art ; its science is vet to be learned; Dr. Cartwright says : 44 1 have the best au thority for stating that W, W. Wilkins, Esq., of the Parish of St. James, made the past season forty-eight hogsheads of sugar on twelve acres of ground, which is at the rate of 4,000 pounds per acre. Col. Preston, of Assumption, avera ged 3,000 pounds per acre. Harper of Pointe Coupee, made some of his land average 4,000 pounds, and the same as that of Mr. Wilkins4 A thousand hogsheads of sugar were made in 1851, on a plantation the farthest north of any sugar estate in America; and this sugar, I am credibly informed, brought a better price, and the molasses sold for two cents on the gallon above any in the market The plantation is owned by Mr. Calhoun, and lies in latitude 31 1-2 degrees, nearly half a degree north of Alexandria, on the Red River. While theory would limit the su gar region to 30 deg., actual experiment has foupd in latitude 31 deg. 30 min. not only as good, but a better climate for the production than further South," These statements are exceedingly interesting, and indicate capabilities destined to be turned to a Drofl table account at no distant day. Under a ordinary management, cane culture is pretty se vere on land ; but if conducted on strictly sci entific principles, no other crop made at the South is less injurious to the soil. Let all except the clean sugar and molasses be restored to the ground where the cane grew, and it will lose nothing of its essential elements of fruitfulness save what tillage alone consumes, in conjunc tion with the washing and leaching of rains. In sugar, th6 planter sells nothing but air s his lime, potash, phosphates, and ammonia, all remain for restitution to the land that needs renovation. The burning of bagasse, corn and cotton stalks is bad economy ; for the ashes of cane and cor:: stalks contain so much silica, that, an insoluble silicate, like glass, is formed ; (a part of the ash es melting) and hence the ashes are partly ren dered worthless for manure. All the residue of sugar houses and mills, of corn, cotton and grain, should be allowed to decay, either in, or upon the ground. Thh gives not only soluble silica in abundance, but much organic matter besides. When forage plants pass through the bodies of domestic animals, as food, they are burnt all that it is ever profitable to burn them ; for plants lose about half their solids in the processes of diges tion and respiration, as gasses and vapor which escape from the lungs. The South needy little assistance from any other source than proper educational institu tions, designed to apply science to her industri al arts. Every agricultural, as well as every mechanical art, has its science ; and this is the proper distinction between them : An art is al ways something to be done; a science is always something to be known. Doing, and knowing how one can best do, combine the action of art with the light and power of science. Practice and knowledge are the germs from the growth and maturity of which, the highest possible achievement of art and science are realized. Art always precedes science; foi the first wants of nature piompt the savage to the practice of a few industrial contrivances, rude enough at the beginning, bat polished and improved as oft-recurring necessity gives birth to new inventions. When the mind collects the most important facts which appertain to any art, and reasons closely and logically upon them, the principles thus deduced becone the elements of a new sci- ence. Exierience and experiments give us all the arts hat we possess ; and they also form the bases of ail phymcal, and of most metaphysical studies. Among the physical researches connected w ith the Future of the South, and its agricultural ca pabilities, no cepurtmen has interested U8 o much as the Law of the increase of growth in ' agricultural plaats, by the increase of solar heat j n almost every such instance, the people, yes, the and light, other things being equal. In U-p-Beigi If ratified and elected the selcc economy of Nature, the warmth and genial sun-j tions, on the simple ground received tnd ac shine of Spring are physiological and agricultu- ! knowledged among democrats, that the offices ral powers of deep significance. MoD. Quete- 1 belong to the people, and no: to a particular man, let, pere!ual Secretary of the Academv of Sci- or set of men. ence, Brussels, has furnished in the Review llor- Nw llli3 practice of assembling in conven ticole a valuable paper on this subject. Speak- t'" s wrong in principle, or it is right. If it u ing of the means of causing plants to produce conceived to be wrong, then any one so judging their leaves, flowers and fruits, lie says : The ! f il' is contaminated whenever he presents his predominant cause is heat. It is employed : claims to such a body, thereby participating in a with great attention in our hot-houses for fore- ! turpitude which should not be tolerated araon. ing flowers and. fruits. The proceedings in thes freemen. If the practice is reasonable and fair cases are Well known: but thev are founded honorable men may justify, and defend the ss more on practice than science. The problem to be solved may be stated in terms somewhat as follows "A plant having attained a certain state of growth, what is the mean temperature which it will require in order that it mav produce its eaves, flowers, or its fruit at a given period ?-' Wheat olanted in Richmond countv, Georgia, in December, gave its fruit well matured in the middle of Mav following In the State of Maine and in Kneland. wheat planted the last of August, gives its fruit in eleven months there after, or the first of August. The fact that the South can produce cotton, sugar and rice so ad vantageously, points not to the most important elements of her future greatness; but the fact that full crops of maize and wheat may grow in succession on the same surface, within twelve successive months, is the power of the South. Bread is a power now little thought of; but our children at school will live to see the time when one hundred million human stomachs, in this country alone, will demand their full rations of bread three times a day. Let us not, however, in view of the Future, lorget the scientific prob lem to which attention has been invited. The observations of Aoanson, Count ie Gasparin, Boussingault, Schram, and others, led physiol ogists to believe that as the temperature of soil and air rose above freezing point, vegetation, (with rare exceptions) increased in a given length of time in the same ratio of the increase of temperature. Thus, if we call 10 degrees above freezing a unit in vegetable growth, a temperature of 20 degrees above freezing, will give double the growth iri an equal length of time. The more critical researches of M. Que- telet have developed additional facts, and detec ted important errors in previous inductions on this subject. Our author says: "Guided by par ticular considerations, I have attempted to show in my work Sur le Climat de la Belgique, that, instead of the sum of the temperature, it would be better to substitute the sum of the squares of the temperatures, reckoning from the time of the re-commencement alter hybernation of veg etation in plants." The grow th at 20 degrees centigrade was four times larger in eight days than al 10 degrees; but whether the same increase will hold good at the higher summer temperatures of the tJnited States, there are no sufficient facts to warrant an affirmative opinion ; although there is noth ing to contradict such an inference. The Smithsonian Institution is collecting met eorological observations made in all the States and Territories ; and we trust that it will be found not impracticable to connect with these records, others showing the relations that sub sist between temperature, sunshine and rain ; and the development and maturity of all culti vated plants and fruits. Dr. Cartwright no- tices several interesting facts in reference to the ripening of sugar cane, and the formation of its saccharine matter, of which our limits forbid any notice at this time. It is, however, due to him, and De Bow's Review, that we commend both for the instruction received from that source. Its diligent and laborious collection of the most valuable statistics, is a work of solid merit; and one that is doing much to make the Future of the South w hat it ought to be. Mr. j DeBow was, we believe, the first to urge Upon State Legislatures the importance of taking an annual census, so far as to show the progrcsb of the commonwealth in population, productive industry inland and foreign commerce. This is a true scientific idea, and, sooner or later, he people of all the States will appreciate its im portance. In our humble way, we have done what we could to bring guessing in agricultural statistics into disrepute. To draw on one?s im agination for facts, and memory for wit, is a short and cheap process for making books; but a reputation so acquired, is alike ephemeral and worthless. D. LEE. From the Southern Standard The Ilemocratic State Convention chained with Corruption. Mb. Editor. From the fact that I placed the name of Col. Reuben Davis before the laie Dem ocratic State Convention, and cast the vote of Oktibbeha for that gentleman on each ballot, for the responsible office to which he aspired, I led called to say something in answer to the many complaints and charges rife among the people lest I should seem to occupy a false position. In the first place, there are none so ignorant as not to understand that the democratic party have, long since, adopted the plan of assembling in Convention, or as somo by way of derision would say Caucus, for the purpose of selceiiug from among the members of the party, such in dividual as a majority should prefer to fill sn'b offices as are to be submitted to the people fo their suffrages- The history of every National, State, District or County Convention, furnishes ample testimony that when assembled, the dele gates have uniformly taken the responsibility judging of the qualifications, (or if another term is more appropriate, the availiabiHly) of each candidate for nomination, and many are the in stances of all aspirants having been dropped, and those who had not sought a nomination to b elected, and most remarkable as it may appear- ,pm ann the m'lst honorable, chivalrous . may submit their pretentions to the scrutiny ! anc decision of a majority ; but after seeking the advantages attempted to be gained by theendorse. mem oi a convention mmiaimig, ..m, w i. : estimation savours more strongly of bad taste to turn round and cry Wolf! Woli ! lhe flock has been fleeced, and when too late, the discovery is made, that " there is something rot- ten m Denmark wnen possimy n me resuti ! were diUerent, tne terms oi aciuiauun wouiu oe of the most extravagant order. 1 see the proceedings of an excited, and doubt less to some of the most prominent actors, quite an exciting meeting at Houston, and now I ven ture a prediction, that there is not a man ol tha large assembly as it is styled, who can present a sensible reason for such excitement, such ex treme action. Can you, gentlemen? What steps did you of Chickasaw take to guard your rights, or counteract corruption, or manage ment, by which your particular preferences might not be respected ? Did you even find a man of your county to feel sufficient interest in the prospects of any candidate who was willing to make the journey to Jackson, but by proxy place the fate of one about whom you now so loudly clamor, to a very clever gentleman from another county, who, to my knowledge, voted for Col. Davis each ballot, and who thereby bound him self, and you also, to abide the action of the con vention, though their choice might fall on an other. But some of you say, and the public journal of your county reiterates tlie charge, that there was corruption. Did your proxy tell you so? I apprehend not, if not, by what means have you ascertained the fact ? Who does say on his own responsibility that there was corruption If there be such an one, he must have been a par tv to. or catnizant of some foul bareain. If a -j r o party, nothing is more evident, than that suspi cion should attach to his testimony, and if only cognizant of the fact, I can not see that his situ. ation is much bettei, as he intended to reap ulj the profits of the iniquitous scheme, should it be successful, and curse the actors if they failed. But, Mr. Editor, 1 must pass trom the Chick asaw meeting, lor whose citizens I entertain the highest resnect. believeine also, that wnen all is v . u nvnlnined- and the stinp of disanoointment is over, they will conform to the usages of the par ty, and turn my attention more particularly to the action of the convention, and the influences attributed to the defeat of Col. Davis, and first, I will state that I do not believe there was any thing like a bargain, or concert of action to de feat Col. Davis, nor do 1 believe it was done by the Jackson clique, as it is sometimes styled. My position in the convention afforded me am ple opportunity to observe the manner of voting by counties, and there was a manifest wanMt concert, for while delegates from the east, south and west cast votes for Davis, (for the voti was viva voce) in some of the northern counties Barksdile received the vote, and in more than one instance the vote was divided, even in this congressional district, and it will be recollected that in one instance, that the delegation of a county from north Mississippi was so much op posed to Col. Davis, that an attempt was made to silence the voice of a delegate who desired to cast his vote for Davis, an l a direct appeal waa made to the cliair, and the dicision was, that the delegation must settle the vote of tlicir county. but if they differed, it va? susceptible of divi sion, and therefore the vote was divided, und C rl. Davis had the benefit of one vole. From these lact? it is by no mean', manifest hat entire harmony of opinion prevailed, even among northern delegates. I cannot believe hat any set of men, hating the experience, ond good sense known to be possessed, and haif of the chicanery charged uiMn the Jackson cfq could have bargained for the nominations, and been so easily satisfied as they appear to have been, especially when we reflect that not a mo ther's son of them got an appointment. Jih ! but Capt. Barksdale has a brother associated in the office of the Missipsippian, and he worked the quill for the Capt. Now, in answer to thut c harge, let me refer your numerous readers to Col. Davis himself, who will tell you that Col. J. M. Elder, of Madison county, (a man who has attended the conventions more than thirty vears, and whose word is above suspicion,) in formed tne in the presence of Col. Davis, that his county preferred Barksd:ile, but that one of their delegates informed the balance, that Mr. E. Barksdale of the Miwiwipphm had ju6t In formed him that Capt. B. wus not a candidate, nid consequently the Madison delegation chu gcd their vote alter it had been Cast for Barks lale. That E. Barksdale. was pleased at the fi nal nomination of his brother, I suppose none will be so BtttpM as to deny, but that is quite a different matter rom using corrupt means to toist him into office. And just here let me say, I at I am not writing for the defence, or us the apologist ot any man, nor have I conferred with any living mai, as to this communication but if iu my defence of the action ol the convention, and the purity of the democratic party, it be comes necessary to do simple justice to an in lividual, I shall not shiiuk Iron the responsi bility. But it is saij that injustice has been done yprth Mississippi. Well, if weBtill acknowl edge the oft repeated declaration that 41 we go for principles, not men," (and even on the scoie of numbers) I do not know how it ran be prov ed that the north was slighted, when the offi. I f Attorney General and Secretary of State im tendered to the firBt congrc.csional district, an 1 the Treasurer and Congressman to the second, while the third and fourth districts have only one candidate each, and when it is complained of that we were not allowed to say who vo w inted. it can be answered in two ways: 1st. fi is common for each county to have tlie privi- ee of expressing a ch nee among democrats, and 2nd. 1 have shown above, that we were no; quite so unanimous as we might have been, and I confess not near so much so, as I apprehended. And as a closing proposition, allow me to state that if a delegation fiom any county can be - - Curtained to have disobeyed an exprestid prrfi r- nce for Col. Davis, we will heap all the anath emas due such a crime upon them, but if u such can be found, then 1 know not who to hold responsible, but let all true democrats do a? I shall m-ist certainly do, vote the regular tiel I owe you, Mr. Editor, and your readers, an apology for the length of this communication. but as 1 did not take the journey to Jackson fin grandeur, but for what I considered the beet in terest of the democratic party, in whose uniform support I have as 3-et 44takeu no step backward,'' and for the further assurance to Col. D , to whose nomination I gave an honest support ; and for whom privately and personally, I would now dt anything reasonable to serve. I must be pardon ed for departing from my habitual silence, b obtruding thu3 much on your columns. Very respectfully, WM. R. CANNON. N. B. When Col. Kinyon claimed by right, one half of the offices for Union democrats, it was repudiated by the convention, refusing to recognize claims in any democrat for preferment, and the vote of Monroe county was given to sustain the doctrine; yet we now find Col. Da vis and his friends set up claims, as they declare., incontcstible claims to the post of congressman for the State at large. Too late, rentlemen, to plead to the jurisdiction of a court, after judg ment has been rendered. W. R. C. Baxkiso and Railroad Makixo. It ha been seriously contemplated in lhe New York Legislature to make railroad bonds a Ki banking. No additional privilege to the busi uess of free banking could more aggravate evil consequences of the grand break up that i sure to attend it than this. The business of r road miking is certainly nowatornear tho high est prudent poiut, with bonds at from 7 to 1" per cent, for loans. With the additional ( rcdi that will follow making them abase for bank itwi'l be difficult to estimate their increase or to measure the evil should a disastrous end l brought on by too great extension. New York hanking, the Philadelphia Ledger says, is now v perfect powder magazine, and so soon as the match is applied, will astonish the country by one of he most terrific shocks that paper crsdit has ever expeiienced. Baltimore. Sun. A Farmer, who recently had his butter seiaul bv the clerk of the market for short weight, gave as the reason that the cow from which the butt was made was subject to the cramp, and that caused the butter to shrink in weight.