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A T PRINTED AND PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING, BY EPPERSON & JONES, MAIN STREET. VOL 10. YAZOO CITY, MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22, 1854. NO. 20. I T The Yazoo Democrat I3 published WEEKLY, every Wednesday at THREE DOLLARS IN ADVANCE, or four if not paid with in one month from the ime of subscribing. No paper will be discontinued until all arrearages are paid unless at the option of the publishers TERMS OF ADVERTISING. From ono to ten lines, :::::::: ::::::::::::::::$1 00 E xzh conti n nance :::::: :::::::::::::::::::::::::::: : 50 Tju lines for one month, ::::::::::::::::::.:.:3 00 three ::::::;:::::r.:-::::::6 00 w six 44 ::::::::::::::::::10 00 M twelve 44 '12 80 Longer advertisments the same proportion D. JONES. R. BOWMAN. JOXES & BOW1I A.V YAZOO CITY, MISSISSIPPI. CCS" Office near the Court House. January 18, 1854-11 -I y. J. H. LAWRENCE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, ILL give prompt attention to all business intrusted to him in the Circuit and Probate Courts of Yazoo and the adjoining counties, -and the Supreme Cour s at Jackson. Yazoo city, Dec. 14, 1353-ly. LAW CARD. J OH IV W. WOOD of Lexington, Mississippi, w ILL regularly attend the Circuit Court of Yazoo Countv. February 15, 1354-ly. LAW CARD. lit; (2a3iIKl9 Attorney and Counseilorat Law, YAZOO CITY, MISS. WILL practice in the courts at Jackson, and the circuit courts of Winston, At taila, Leake, Madison, Yazoo and Holmes. All business entrusted to his care will re ceive prompt attention. January ISth, 1854-tf 1 N3S J. C. LEWIS & CO. Commission, Receiving and Forwarding AND DEALERS in Produce, Groceries, Bajrging, Rope, Iron, Castings, Nails, and Planta tion Supplies in general. Yazoo City, Miss., Dec. 14, 1853. -ly. Geo. W. Kassell, M. D John F. Green M D DR.S.K RUSSELL & GREEN, HAVING ASSOCIATED THEMSELVES TOGETHER IN T H E P KACTICE OF sa zm 2S iio3s? uss s Offer tlieir services to the public. DOVER, Miss., January 2oth, 1854. PETER B. COOK. JOHN BKUMFIELD. COOK & BRUMFIELD. gliJIjelegai aniJ detail. EE 03L "QST C2i- -3- Ot S3 BOOKSELLEUS & STATIONERS, Paints, Oils and Glass, Garden Seeds, &c Yazoo City, Miss., Dec. 14, 1853. IMESTISTRY. LL indebted to me are requested toi call and settle without delay. will attend to any professional calls in town or country as usual. J. H. ANDREWS, Feb. 1, 1854-2; Wholesale Dealer In BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CAPS, 70 Gratier and 59 Common sts., New Orleans. January 25, 1854, 12-ly. ROBERT L. ADAMS, Commission Merchant 67. GRAVJER STREET, New-Orleans, November 23, 1853 3 ly IIIGGUVBOTHAM & CO. WE the uuderslgned have formed a partner ship for thepurpoee of transacting a general Produce, Grocery and Liquor business. We will keep constantly on hand a general assort ment of famil groceries, Wines, Brandies Hardware, Cutlery and Queensware which we will sell verv low. " T. T. HIGG INBOTHAM. O. W. HENDERSON. January 18, 1854-ly. Regular Yazoo River Packet. For Greenwood, Leflore, Yazoo City Sfc THE SPLENDID STEAMER pORl No. ,D.B. MOSr V- BY, Master, will run as a the above trade during Uie Season. Making a trip every ten davs. She will commence her trips as soon as the water will permit. For freight or passage apply on board, or to W. WYMAN, Yazoo City, Dec. 21, 1853-7-tf. Agent, Mew Store THE undersigned, having recently purchased the entire stock of Hobson and Lamkin, consisting of every variety of Fancy and Sta ple Dry Goods, Ready-made Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes, Saddlery, Hardware, Crockery, and Glassware, together with ma uy other articles too numerous to mention, respectfully invites the citizens of Yazoo City, and the public generally, to give him a call. S. S. WRIGHT. December 21, 1853-7-tf. 25 SACKS best Rio Coffee for sale by juue t2. SHROPSHIRE & M ASSEY f mm emit in , W. S. E P P E RS ON, EDITOR. HESTER. When maidens such as Hester die, Their place ye may not well supply, Though ye among a thousand try With vain endeavor. A month or more hath she been dead, Yet cannot I by force be led To think upon the wormy bed, And her together. A springy motion inner gait, A rising step did indicate, Of pride and joy, no common rate That flashed her spirit. 1 know not by whut name beside I shall it call : if t' was not pride, It was a joy to that allied She did inherit. Her parents held the Quaker rule, Which doth the human feelings cool, But she was trained in Natures school, Nature had blest her. A waking eye, a prying mind, A heart that stirs is hard to bind, A hawk's keen sight ye cannot bind, Ye could not Hester. My sprightly neighbor gone before To that unknown and silent shore, Shall me not meet as heretofore Some summer morning. When Irom thy cheerful eyes a ray Hath struck a bliss upon the day, A bliss that would.not go away, A sweet fore-warning? CHAKLES LAMB. Mrs. Sigourney on Womaxs' Rights. That intellectual and exemplary lady, Mrs. Sigourney, thus beautifully discourses on 'Woman's Rights : There is much clamor in these days of pro gress, respecting a grant of new rights or an ex tension ol privileges for our sex. A powerful moralist has said, that 'in contentions for pow er, both the philosophy and poetry of life are dropped and trodden down. Would not a still greater loss accrue to domestic happiness, and to the interest of well balanced society, should the innate delicacy and prerogative of woman, as woman, be forfeited or sacrificed? 'I have given her as a helpmeet,' said the Voice that cannot err, when he spake unto Ad am, in the cool of the day, amid the trees of par. a-iise. Not as a toy, a clog, a wrestler, a prize fighter, no, a helpmeet, such as was fitting for man desire, and for woman to become. Since the Creator has assigned different spheres of action for the different sexes, it is to be pre sumed, in His unerring wisdom, that there is work enough in each department to employ them, and that the faithful performance of that work will be for the benefit of both. If He has made one the priestess of the inner temple, com mitting to her charge its unrevealed sanctities, why should she seek to mingle in the warfare that may thunder at its gates or rock its turrets ? Need she be again tempted by pride or curiosity, or glowing words, to barter her own Eden ? True nobility of woman is to keep her own sphere, and to adorn it ; not like the comet., daunting and perplexing other systems, but as the pure star, which is the first to light the day, and last to leave i'. If she share not the fame of the ruler and the blood-shedder, her good works, such as 'become those who profess godliness,' though they leave no deep 'foot-prints on the sands of time,' may find record in the 'Lambs Book of Life.' Mothers ! are not our rights sufficiently exten sive the santuary of love, the throne of the heart, tie 'moulding of the whole mass of mind and its first formation ?' Have we not power enough in alljealms of sorrow and sufferings over all forms of ignorance and want amid all ministrations of love from the cradle-dream to the sepulchre? So let us be content and diligent, aye, grateful and joyous, making this brief life a hymn of praise, until called to that choir which knows no discord, and whose melody is eternal, Time, whose milliftn'd accidents Creep in"twixt Vows, & change decrees of King?, Tan sacred Beauty, blunt :he sharp'st intents, Divertstrong minds to the course of alter d things. Shakspeare. TIME. Still on it creeps, Each little moment at another's heels Till Hours, Days, Years, and aes are made up Of such small parts as these, aud men look back, Worn and bewilaerd, wondering how it is, Thou trav'llest like a ship in a wide ocean Which hath no bound'g shore to marks its progress Joanna IfaiUie. TIME. -Time hurries on "With a resistless, unremitting stream : Yet treads more soft than ever did midnight thief, That slides his hand under the miser's pillow, And carries off his prize. Blair. A very quaint and pretty scrap of is this from the old German : Should you meet my true love, Say, l greet ner wen ; Should she ask you how I fare, Say, she best can tell. Should she ask if I am sick, Say, I died oi sorrow ; Should she then begin io weep, Sav, I'll come to-morrow." From the New York Citizen. To the Rev. Henry W. Beecher. Reverend Sir : Your letter to me in the In dej)endent of February 2d is certainly success ful as an effort of rhetoric; and I felicitate my self on having had the good fortune to draw forth so fine a burst of that species of composition. It is not, however, what I looked for. In re ply to two vehement attacks of yours, one in your Abolition Lecture, and one in your news paper, I did myself the honor to address to you certain arguments. I really thought they were, in some sort, arguments ; and supposed that if you vouchsafed me a reply you would try to an swer or to invalidate them. The course you have taken makes me admire your prudence more than your eloquence. It was required of me teshow how my decla ration that slaveholding is not a crime consists with any attempt to abolish English dominion in Ireland. For answer, I pointed to some ol the greatest leaders of this Republic, who being slaveholders, rose to abolish English dominion in America. Do you see the unprincipled folly of this? Can your reverence contemplate with out horror an American colonist exacting the whole labor of his own slave ; yet declining, himself, to be the slave of the British Parlia ment ; buying negroes bodily for his own prop erty, yet indignant because English statesmen presumed to levy three pence per pound upon his tea? I need not ask, for you will not an swer. You dare not say before an American au dience that George Washington was an impos tor and had no " principle." Yet that is what you mean, if you mean anything. Therefore, you wisely let the subject alone ; and by way of answer, you buikl me up sentences like this : " Once you stood like some great oak, whose wide circumference was lifted up above all the pastures, the glory of all beholders and a covert for a thousand timid singing birds. Now you lie at full length along the ground with ruptured roots, ragged and upturned to heaven ; with bro ken boughs and despoiled leaves. Never again shall husbandmen predict spiing from swelling buds! Never again shall God's singing birds of liberty come down through all the heaven'y air to rest themselves on your waving top ! Fallen ! Uprooted! Doomed to the axe and the hearth !' 1 almost feel the edge of the hatchet. Wood man, spare that tree ! Your imagery is so vivid that I am ready to raise my hand to my head to ascertain whether, like Pheeton's sisters. I bear foliage and birds' nests ; th4rophecy is terrific; and the effect, the one of Mr. Barnum's effects, is " thrilling." You have a dislike to Moses, nt which f do not wonder. You say ' let Moses sleep." Then why did you cite that legislator in your Lecture ? It was your reverence who awakened him. In order to mike people believe that American sla very is more barbarous than ancient slavery, jou told the Tabernacle that Moses imposed restric tions upon the institution, and surrounded it with difficulties and inconveniences, tending to produce abolition at length. I followed you in to the Pentateuch and showed that you did not read those five books aright. I demonstrated that there were no restrictions at all, and no ten dency to abolition, and no intention of it, either rapid or gradual. So Moses has become tedious to you- You beg me not to keep " stumbling over the records of rude society four thousand years ago." But pardon me, it was your reverence who stumbled; and you are not sufficiently grateful to me for picking you up. You say I "make the Bible lie; (whatever that means :) but you have not shown me where or how. It seems to me, too, that your avoid ance of thesubject is an admission that you did really misrepresent the Mosaic law to support your abolition ticket. Is it not a Shame? Do you think such a deed can be atoned for by a ti rade like the following, addressed to me, thrill ing as it is? " I cannot hide from myself that there yet re mains for you a dismal age, a desolate and cheer less solitude of infirmities. Time that would have carried you onward, garlanded with achieve ments worthy of a man living for men, and sur rounded by the genial sympathies of loving hearts, now, will drift you to a polar solitude, without love, or sympathy, or pity, or honor. Yon will sweep coldly on upon a dark current, like an ever rolling iceberg, that, rolling and re sounding ever so much, gain no rest by changing place." B:nedicite .' It does a man good to hear you ; in a rhetorical, melodramatieal. and merely Bar. numistic point of view. But where is the sense? Who has taught you to call names at this outrageous rate? Another time you com pare me to Hercules spinning threads ; and again good Heaven ! what is this : "Sorrowfully, we must leave you, like some false and hideous imaee. around which, for the t7 ' - r moment, chattering priests of oppression have burned incense, but soon to be cast out, even by them a detested and desecrated idol, forgotten of men, and remembered only of vermin lizards tha crawl darkling beneath the twilight of poi sonous weeds that grow and twine about it." Now I also conld find comparisons in the va rious kingdoms of nature for you, Mr. Beecher. And I have a mind even to try your own style and show that I have taken a lesson from you as thus : I am a rollingand resounding iceberg of the polar seas very well ; you are a Geyser or boiling spring, copious enough to keep the world in hot water. I may be like a dead tree ; but what if your reverence is very like a whale ; a whale of the blowing or spouting species; blowing and spouting as if you meant to quench the stars. Rather, indeed, you are the great Sea Serpent, that dubious and mythical fish who Ldisposeth himself betorc the eyes of wondering mariners, now to starooara, again to port, ana no man knowelh where to have him. He es teemeth iron as straw ; and the arrow cannot make him flee. He lasheth the sea with his tail, and all the morning papers of the universe re sound with the splash thereof. No fisher of wo men shall put a hook between his jaws ; no mor tal cook shall cut him up forever ; on his crest sits humbug, plumed from his mane he shaketh boundless Buncombe, and in his convoluted spires there lurketh Capital. You see 'tis as easy as lying ; but there is no use in all this; nor would it throw light upon any question. Yet this very sort of thing is the tissue of your eloquent letter to me. In one instance only you lose sight of your prudent re serve and venture upon an actual assertion. Bored tardeath a3 you are by Moses and the Prophets, it is still evident that you wish to make allies of them ; and thus you say, by way of contrasting American with Hebrew Slavery : " Hebrew Slavery admitted that a slave was a man with all appropriate human responsibilities, and made ample provision for his religious and civil instruction." It is painful to be obliged to say that you are again mistaken. There r as no provision at all, either ample or little, for the religious or for the civil instruction of the foreign slaves of the Jews: as to their ' responsibilities," they had. to be sure, all " appropriate" responsibilities that is, such as are appropriate to a slave, and nc more. All their slaves, except those casual and temporary slaves who were of the tribes of Isra el, were simply and absolutely, as American slaves are, the chattels of their proprietors. To worry you with proofs of this would be cauel. You are tired of the Pentateuch, end will nc more hear Moses and the Prophets; but proba bly you will see the expediency of reading a lit tle before you rattle Moses about people's ears again. The authorities 1 cited you call rubbish; and you say you have in your library heaps of trash, of that sort. I do assure you that vou would find your account in reading some of thera in your leisure hours ; what is the use of having heaps of books in a man's library if he will not read them? I know well enough where you got your new and strange interpreta tions of Scripture ; it was from Mrs. Beecher Stowe (vide "Key") who again got them from Professor Stowe, who got them from Barnes, or else Barnes from Stowe, It is a perilous thing, this reference forever to one's own clique and circle for authority and intellectual pabulum; the supply soon dries up; and if you will have another Polar similitude, 1 shall liken yon to a Greenland bear, sucking his own paws for food in the hard weather. You say the.e is " an ifsue between me and the American public." This I did not k-ow before. I knew there was an issue between me and a small knot of noisy Tabernacle lecturers, who affect astonishment on finding that one who has protested against oppression, is yet un prepared to denounce as oppression wliat they, the Tabernacle lecturers, called by that name, and who are shocked to see a man in the nine teenth century with no more exalted idea of fieedom than the benighted Washington had. I. apprehend, sir, that you and the Tabernacle men are not the American public ; very far short of it indeed. But, here is the issue that you say has been raised between me and the said public : " Whal was the liberty which you asserted. for Ireland? JVusi a liberlu founded upon the inalienable right of every human being to life, liberty, and happiness 1 or was it a liberty founded on the right of the strong to oppress the weak ? This is the question which Amer ican newspapers are just now discussing." Are they? Iam sorry that I can render them no assistance. As to the first question, I am not aware that every human being, or any one. has "an inalienable right to life, liberty and happiness." People often forleit life and liber ty, and as to "happiness" I do not even know what it is. On the whole. I fear this is jargon. For the second horn of your dilemma. " Was it a liberty founded on the right of the strong to oppress the weak? I must confess that I do not understand the dialect. Therefore I decline to impale myself upon that horn also ; to your pair of questions, I am content to auwer Nei ther. What liberty it was that I aspired to for Ire land, it would be useless to tell you again you would never nnderstand me. And it would on ly disgust you if I were to refer to the rude ages again, and to say that it was just the sort of lib erty no better and no worse which the slave- holding Corcyreeans asserted against Corinth, and the slaveholding Corinthians fought for against Rome, and the slaveholding Americans wrung from the English. It was National In dependence. But I am tired of the subject. And I do not believe that any single individual really sees the lpaist inconsistency in mv sentiments or behav ior. The whole controversy is fictitious and factitious ; it is an affair of tickets and plat forms. You seem to think it a small matter, sir, to exasperate your fellow-citiaens of the South by unmeaning villification ; nothing to shake the foundations of the Union j nothing to your discredit upon republicanism Itself, and to in sult your grand country, while you lay your dis loyal incense at the feet of the cruel, canting, English Government provided only you can win some sanctimonious votes for the great gos pel of Free Soilism, and get yourself and your literary circle patronized and patted oa the back by the treacherous and brutal English Press. Yes; I find your abolition to be not only non sense, but treason, Englishmen come over here as its apostles, and It has on it the slime and trail of Exeter Hall. And do you believe that the exterminators of Ireland, the roughshod riders of India, the armed Speculators in Chinese lives, sincerely wish for the liberty of any being anywhere under the fun? Do you thinK the English care about this whole question of Amer ican slavery, save as a machinery for breakingup the great Republican confederation whereof England and every other power have such a mortal jealousy and fear. Exeter Hall shapes its balmy benevolence in the form uf a wedge to drive between North and South ; and you, reverend gentleman, hammer upou that wedge with all your might every time you thump your cushion, and the British Press cries Bravo Beecher ! Between trie Northern and Southern Suites of this Republic, I apprehend there is but little re al conflict of interest or feeling. The question of State policy and Territorial arrangements which exist, would, as I believe settle themselves if you and your little second-hand Exeter Hall would let them alone. Whatever bitterness has mingled itself with the controversy, you and the conventiclers have infused the poison ou&drop. When you hear a Mr. Wade, in the United States Senate at Washington, howling about Nebraska being made a " Sodom and Go morrah," uttering dismal prophecies like these "he saw a cloud already, larger than a man's hand ; that cloud would soon gather all around from the North and West the whole heavens would be lighted up with fires" and so forth the man is speaking tha language of the Taberna cle : he is inspired by the Conventicles: he Beecherizes. If there be any cloud impending over the business, it is the dreary cloud of fa naticism, which has shadowed many a noble cause and broken many a glorious confederacy before now. What are these foul mouthed Pu ritans that they should presume to curse with all the curses of Ernulphus, American Citizens of the South that they should term their pr p erty a robbery, and their homes Sodom and Go-j morrah ! And docs it ever occur to you to consider whether those Southern planters can liberate their slaves? Whether the slaves wish it whether if they did, it would be good for them, or for those who have the misfortune to be your neighbors instead of owners? Have you con sidered the condition of Hayti ? Of Jamaica? And if you urge the generous example of your friends the English, I will tell you what that generosity consisted of borrowing 100 million of dollars (which they never intend to pay,) in order to add it to the " national debt," and so to take additional security against a Revolution and Republicanism at home. Have you any such financial operation as this to propose to America ? Or do you want to take the property of those citizens fr. m them without any com pensation ? Have you considered any one of these things ? Or is all this Tabernacle talk pure rant? Is it ail Capital making and cant? Great is Cant. What is Man that he should withstand it? I take my leave of you now, and rise out of the whole subject. What can I say to the pa thetic adjuration with which you conclude your letter " Come back to us, John Mitchell it is not yet too late." Ah ! your reverence will ex cuse me ; it is not too late, but too early. You belong to a sect and school of social reformers that I have always kept at arm's length. By your tongue 1 know jou you are the men who talk about the " rude ages four thousand years ago," as if the thing that was virtue then, were crime to day. It is you who cry out for the ab olition of " the gallows and the barbarous, rat- i tling guillotine," two instruments, without which the planet would be uninhabitable. You are the Apostle of Human Progress and Benevo lism, and all sorts of moral, physical and intel lectual perfectibilities ending in loud cheers and subscriptions toasts tabernacles and trash. Come back to you ! Why, when was I ever amongst you ' What eye has seen me moving in the ranks of "Human Progress ?" Who has heard me blowing trumpets at the corner of streets? or talking the blarney of Benevolism? or lauding British " freedom," at the expense of American Republicanism ? No, no. Cant, in deed, is strong, and the star of Humbug is high and culminant ; but at any rate a man is not obliged to make himself at home with humbug, to fling himself into the arms of humbug, and contentedly take up house with humbug. I will never say unto Barnum, thou art my brother, and unto Buncombe, thou art my sister and mother Neither will I say unto Beecher, thou art my pastor and master. Once more, and finally, Adieu. JOHN MITCHELL. New York, Feb. 7th, 1 54. Girls who want Husbands, Girls, you want to get married, don't you ? Ah, what a natural thing it is for young ladies who have such a hankering for the sterner sex It is a weakness that woman has, and for this reason she is called the weaker sex? Well, if you want to get married don't for conscience sake act like fools about it. Don't go into a fit of the nips every time yon see a hat and a pair of whiskers. Don't get the idea into your heads that you must put yourself in the way of every young man in the neighboi hood, in order to attract notice, for if you don't run after the men thev will after you. Mark that. A husband hunter is the most detestable of all young ladies. She is full of starch and puckers, she puts on many false airs, and she is so nice that appears ridiculous in the eyes of every de cent person. She may generally be found at meeting, coming in, of course about the last one, always at social parties, and invariably takes a front seat at concerts. She tries to be the belle of the place, and think she is. Poor girl ! You are fitting yourself for an old maid, just as sure as the Sabbath come on Sunday. Men will flirt with you, and simply because they love to do it, but they have no more idea o making j ou a wife than they have of committing suicide. If I was a young man. I would have no more to do with such fancy than I would with a rattlesnake. Now, girls, let Nelly give you a piece of her advice, and she knows from experience that if you practice it you will gain the reputation of being worthy girls and stand a fair chance of get ting respectable husbands. It is all well enough that you learn to finger the piano, work em broidery study grammar, etc, but don't neglect letting grandma, or your dear mother teach you how to make bread and get a meal of rituals good enough for a king. No part of a house keeper's duties should be neglected ; if you do not marry a wealthy husband you will need to know how to do such work, and if you do it will be no disadvantage for you to know bow to over see a servant gin, and instruct her to do these things as you would have them done. In next place, don't prentend to be what you are not. Affectation is the mo3t despicable of accom plishments, and will only cause sensible people to laugh at you. No one but a fool will bo caught by affectation it has a transparent akin, easily to be seen through. Dress plain, but neatly. Remember that nothing gives a girl so modest, becoming and lovely an appearance, aa a neat and plain dress. All the flummery tnd tinsel work of the dressmaker and milliner are unnecessary. If you are really handsome, they do not add to your beauty one particle ; if you are homely, they only make you look woiae. Gentlemsil don't court you faces and jewelry, but your own dear selves. Finger rings and folderols may do to look at. but they add nothing to the value of a wife all young men know that. If you know how to talk, do it naturally, and do not be eo distress ingly polite as to Bpoil all you say. If your hair M 8traiShft' don'1 Put on the curling tongs to make people believe you have negro blood in your veins. If your neck is very black, wear a lace collar, but don't be so foolioh as to daub on paint, thinking that people are so blind as to not see it ; and if your cheeks are not rosy, don't ap ply pink saucers, for the deception will be detec ted and become the gossip of the neighborhood. Finally, girls, listen to tha counsel of yjur mothers, and ask their advice in everything. Think less of fashion than you do of kitchen du ties less of romances than you do of the reali ties of life and instead of trying to catch beaux, strive to make yourselves worth being caught by thm. Neixt Gbat. Nebraska Bill-Spirit of Compromise. The Mebreska bill is right. It is more : it is a waiver of rights on the part of the South a concession an offer of compromise; and the North ought so to consider it, and should ap preciate it. Then again, considering the spirit of the age adverse to the existence of slavery, and also the general spirit of the country against it, from the earliest eras of our history to the present time, and the hortest and involuntary antipathies of the free States against it, (though they entertain an exulted opinion of the integrity, honor, and talent of the people of the slave States, and our affectionate regard for them,) the South should do the North the justice and the credit to perceive in her support of the compromise law of 1850 a painful waiver of her opinion and feelings Tor the sake of harmony and good will between her and the South, and for the sake of our glorious and happy Union. The Nebraska bill is ho violation of the Mis souri Compromise, but only the substituting for it another and a better compromise. TheBpirit and effect of the Compromise of 1850 was un doubtedly, (whether thought or intended so at the time or not,) s virtual repeal of the Missou ri Compromise. The Compromise of 1850 re pelled with scorn the Wilmot-proviso principle. and thereby overtopped the Missouri Compro mise as it regarded territory north of the latitude of 36deg. 30 min. The establishing of that line being the same unfair principle, the Nebraska bill, therefore is merely a declaratory statute o what is already law, and should be so construed by the Supreme Court, and I presume would be. The writer of this article has no prejudices nor partialities, and desires only to see preserved the uprightness, and peace, and good of the country. He is a northern man, but has no connexion iu politics or office, and has not the slightest ac quaintance or correspondence with any southern man. He speaks onlv because of his regard for truth and justice, and because he is deeply con cerned that the country should not get too far in to controversy and .excitement. Tbia is his first word on this subject, though he has looked fully into it ; and he now presents only a suggestion or two, which be has delayed in the hope that ha might find it consistent with his duty to with hold them. As he has intimated, he has not even a shadow of a doubt that the waiver of the Missouri-Compromise line is demanded by principle, as well as that it is a point of probable State ne cessity. And he considers this step (he repeats) only as the carrying out of the Compromise of 1850 ns merely substituting one compromise for another; that in this step there is no incon sistency whatever no breach of honor, of good faith ; and that it leaves every section of the country Norih and South, East and West in perfect harmony forever saving this already mighty Union from ruin, and giving to the na tion an immense accession uf internal strength, and consequent power and consideration in the eyes of all foreign governments. Washington Union. EuxiuEirr. Vehy ! A gallant and patriotic militia officer of Mississippi lately relieved his overburdened mind by the following buret of transcendent eloquence : ' Gentleman- my mind netuieUy converts with the pleasurable enigmas to thedelighful tapestry of the Oregon Territory. Tis there that Na is more than herself, for the soft breezes from jntm Irtllilii wafts to the listening ear the tm ried symphonies of the jackdaws' sweet carroll ing to the melodious ephipiny of a thousand cro codiles !'