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XSTW JP9T8 Y A CV3 n O PRINTED AND PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING, BY EPPERSON & JONES, MAIN STREET. VOL. 10. YAZOO CITY, MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26, 1854 NO. 25. i THE YAZOO DEMOCRAT. T published WEEKLY, every Wednesday Morning M THREE DOLLARS lit ADVANCE , or FOUR if not paid within'one month from the time of ubscrib ng. No paper will be discontinued until ail arrearage! are paid, unless at the option of the publishers. TRMS OP ADVERTISING-. tin? From one to ton Unas. :::::::: :::::."::::::::::8l 00 Each continuance:: Pan linAa far nm mnnth .:::::::::::::::":" .3 00 L V II ....WW - I - - - . ' t three :::::::::::::::::::::::6 (Ml it SIX :::::::::::::::::: It' t'o twelve ' Longer advertisments the same proportion YAZ00 iliDSIif W. S. E I P 1 : R son. E D I TO H. An Original Love Story. He struggled to kiss. She struggled the same To prevent him, so bold and undaunted; But, as smitten by lightning, he heard her ex claim "Avian t, sir!"' and off he a vaunted. But when he returned, ve(hihe fiendixhest laugh Showing clearly that he was affronted, And threatened bv main force to carry her off. She cried "Don't!" and the poor fellow don ted When he meekly approached and got down at bet feet, Pravin I vi 1 a- before h hi 1 rm'el, That she would forgive him, and try to be 6Weef, And wid, 'Can't you?" the dear girl re canted. Then softly he wispw l-'lTnw cmihl you do so? I certain I v thought I was jilted. But. come thou with m3, to the naron we'll go; Say, wilt thou, my dear ?"' and she wilted. Then gaily he took her to see her new home A shanty by no means enchan'ed -"See! here we can live with no tanging to roam " He said "Shan't we, rav deaV?" So they shin tied! N. Y. Spirit . tShorter Catecliism lor the Younsr Clergyweii Improvement on the Wesintinstca. Young Clergymen step forward! Hold up your heads! No treading on toes nor crowd ing in the ranks! Prepare to answer! let. Why do you urge the saerednss of the Missouri Compromise, and deny thesancityof the fugitive Stave Liw- Com;romise? 2 I- Under what commission are you empow ed to denounce th; Nebr.iska Bill, "in the name of Almighty G d? Papers an I prools wanted: 3rd. Did " Almighty God" tell Dr. Pakhish. in 17U8, (the time, of the " Madis- n Wur") to ga y : Be jea?nu of those who declaim ag.msst at.if.s 1KB SEDITION LAWS. TllEY PKOBAELY HAVE A HAjraSaitfa AFTER LYING AND REBELLION THEM SELVES ! Did " Almighty God" put the following infa mous words iu the mouth of a clergyman in 1814, who, in common pith numerous of his craft, invoked the vengeance of Jehovah on our holy war with Great Britain ? " Let every man who sanctioned this war by his suffrage or in tiuence remember he was lnbring to cover himself and Ids country in blood i"1 and in denouncing the republicans he said ' a new LANGUAGE MUST BE INVENTED BEFORE WrE ATTEMPT TO EXPRESS THE BA"5ENES OF THEIR CONDUCT, OB .DESCRIBE THE ROTTENNESS OF THEIR HEARTS." 4th. Was the Rev Dr Osgood speaking " by authority" when he said of the war of 1S12: " If at the command of weak or wicked' rulers, they undertake an unjust war, each man who volunteers his service in such a cause, or loans his money for its support, or by his conversa tion, his writings, or an other mode of influ ence, encourages its prosecution, that mas is AN ACCOMPLICE IN THE W1CKF.DNES8, LOADS HIS CONSCIENCE WITH THE BLACKEST CRIMES. BRINGS the GUILT OF BLOOD UPON HIS SOUL AND IN TNE SIGHT OF GOD AND HIS LAW IS A MURDERER " 5th. Were the clergy uttering the mandate of "Almighty God" When they joined the shame less Tom Cor win in wishing the Mexicans might welcome our army with bloody hands to hospita ble graves ? 6th. Are young clergymen of the present day willing to re-affirm what their dist inguished pre decessors taught as above ? If not will they explain why not ? 7th. Is the Hem Mania a proper subject of pulpit malediction ? We ask it seriously. 8th. Is the church infallable i If so, why do we have si many hundred " christian sects," all Scratching each others e)es out ? 9th. Do you preach on the Nebraska Bill. 'be cause you know more of that (" little enough Heaven knows" ) than of the Bible ' or, be cause you find the saving of souls a hard and un- rofj table task? or, what? 10th. Do you suppose the public cares a straw about your teachings? Why don t you put a little more life, eloquence and reality, into your biblical sermons, and draw a crowa, wnnoui re sorting to the theatiical trick of "new attrac Uous?" 11th. Is " Hobensacks Worm Syrup and Lv er Pil-s" better (or worse) than " Barrell's ditto The community are rapidly taking sides, (see fences, posts, and corner blocks) which should "everybody take?" Here's an exciting ques tion ? Can't ou make capital out of it ? " We oause'fora reply." No hiding behiac aacU other ! Plaindealer. X3T "Why is a muff like a silly gentleman ? Because it holds a lady's hapds without squeer iug them J" A Grammatical Chakactee. A wort by M:n ister, noted for his wit, on being asked what kind of a person the wife of Mr. Smith was re plied, I will give vou her grammatical charac ter. She is a noun substantive seen, felt and UeajrdV T, five PftHlls PiiSt fllld PrPSPIit ! M rii i t.i. i I The follow ing sketch taken from the Herald, will give to the reader something like a vague idea vf a precinct of sin and iniquity situated in New York City, known as the Five Points: The Five Points! what are they ? whet are they 1 what is the life that goes on there? These are questions which have been more and more frequently asked daring the last- ten years, and even not ct thoroughly answered. Partial ac- counts of tins notorious localitv have appeared ,,, . . l.51iiii , n . e . 1 1 their husbands and childrenwait for. tend and from time to time, written for various purposes I , . .K r , k . . , . ... f - I . "al,h the felon as he steals in and out uoon his ome in the interest of particular sects and ,. . . - . ... . . 1 . , ... ! marauding expeditious, or sit patiently nursing professed philanthropists some to eke out the , . . ... , . lr , . e ... . 1 1 r their sickly and half-starved infants while the meagre notes of "distinguished visitors from;. ,. , 4hurpc aim iujuv uuici, mc nui uii, .. i ,, i:t. . r n ... minister to tne prurient tastes oi trie ncen- A general history of the Five Points is still to be written although, of the different publica tions to which we have alluded, the recent work, mi titled the " Old Brewery," written by the la dies of the Five Points Home Mission," and published by Messrs. Stringer & Townsend, is thi hast It con tains an inlerestine aicount of: I.L . 1.1 -f .L. Wf 0 tae nisiorv anu lauorsoi me --mission, oi counse. i free from the indecencies and obscei,;;ies of Hot Coin." Let us, then, pay a visit to the Five Points, and describe it as it is. Come with us into Broadway. It Is gay and lively enough there. To see the splendid equipages, the crouds of ex- pensively Uresseu men ami omen, tne magniti- ! children are professed beggars, which is only a cent shops, full of the costliest fabrics, one al- j blind for petty theft and plunder. Others seep m .st forgets that there are such things in the ( the streets, sell matches, run of errands, do any world as want and misery and w retchedness. ! thing but obtain regular situations and employ But let us step down ibis steep and gloomy ments for who would employ a boy r girl street, lined with ricketty and tumble-down i ftom tjlc Five Poin,s ? It iu ljis re;Spect tljat wo. den buildings, the sidewalk torn up and j lho schools t,f bolh lhe Mission and the House broken, slippery with mud and ice, and the gut ters heaped up with mountains of unnameable abominations of every kind. The w hole neigh bornood swarms with squalid and ragged chil dren, w ho look famished and ferocious, and make us iu I'luutarily pass our h.u:J over our ptn.k ets, and button up our coals. But lbi& u 110- thing merely the suburbs of the territory into(.ill)t The ppilia .-1UII o! lfie district of t which we are penetrating. It will get much worse as we go oji Now we cross the railroad, down by the Egyptian Tombs, where they keep ibe muiderers and vagabonds, thieves and bur glars, whom the police now and then pick up, while the. great body of them go at large, and scatter themselves at will about ihe Points and ihe neighborhood- Now we bejiiti to nuss the lst barriers of CuiUwtinfii ad at last, entering ihe invisible pvr'al, over which the imagination sees the fatal inscription," Lasciale ognj i ranza, vm che en irate ! we siat-d in me ot the rivo foints. At the foot of Anthony street, down which we have come from Broadway, is the irregular ly shaped vacant space, left by the meeting and converging of five streets Cross, Anthony, Or ange, Little Water and Mulberry. In the cen tre is a small triangular patch of ground, stir rounded now by a white wooden paling, and laid out in walks, although it has no gate, and there are no means of entrance. Formerly this piece of ground was unenclosed, and was used as a sort of outdoors exchange for the devilish traffic of abandoned women, w hich forms so large an item of the business of this locality. Then, too, the whole neighborhood was aimost entirely unilluminated, and into it, at night, thieves, burglars, murderers and eery kind of villains instinctively rushed whenever danger threatened, concealing themselves in the obscu rity, from the sharpest-eyed policoman, and easi ly escaping into the Old Brewery through "Mur derers' alley," or down some of the cellars and through passages of Cow bay and the adjacent . l. r 1 T t, streets. iNovv, However, tne utu isrewery nab changed its character. There ore no longer any terrors in the "Murderers' alley" or the " Den of Thieves" nd through those passages so often creaking with the 6tealthy tread of crime, or reeking with the blood of victims, where nighi- y resounded the shrieks and jells of drunken and maddened licentiousness, now are heard the monotonous noises of the schoolroom, the songs of the cheerful and obedient scholars, and the pleasing prattle of unstarved infancy . On the corner opposite are seven brick build ings, occupied by Mr. Pease's " Five Point- House ot Industry," which we have already de scribed. With the exception of these improve ments, and the introduction of gas-lamps, the neighborhood has undergone Very little improve ment' Almost every building is a grocery and liquor store, while in most of them a room is set apart for dancing. The basements are simi larly occupied, and the upper stories of the houses are cut up into sleeping rooms, and, lit erally, "bed" rooms several families frequently occupying the same room and not only earn ing on all the operations of sleeping, dressing, cooking and eating there, but actually driving their unnameable nightly trade in one another's very presence ' One side of the space called the Points, is entirely occupied by a row of three story and basement brick tenements, called " Farlow's Exchange," and composed of some twenty or twentv-hve dwellings, such as we have described. Of course, each floor, as wel as the basement, has its separate inhabitants and there is a "rear" building, also crammed with tenants, on every lot. The manner and material of life, as it is pre sented in these home of crime and. vagabondage are too loathsome for description. In describing the condition of the streets throughout our beau siful city, we have had occasion, recently, to ex haust our catalogue of words and epithets des-. criptive of the filth engendered by humanity when crowded thickly into close spaces, and left unregulated and uncleansed by the authorities But nothing that we have said would convey arv adequate idea of the mere physical facta ' over which we stuible ever step, in the Five Points. It must be remembered that prostitution is by no means ihe only occupation on the Five Points. The wives and children of most of our most notorious thieves and robbers live there cowering and starving by day, and trembling and shivering with fear all night. It is true that in st of these women have few pretensions to virtue but it is also true that a considerable miinber of them do mmim t rm,;,, ir,,a ... j belo ---- a .rti ui u uic-uourc Picture to yourself this infancy, this i childhood never drawing a pure breath of air, ne.VPr lieiirilKJ A cnnni nf human i n , f. , r ( w ,..v- iii-'iu'.i uu .1 iuc tin sings and blasphemies of the father brought up tn ignorance that any other way of life exists than by theft and robbery, and trained to them fr m the hour the infant mind can first receive a lesson! What a magnificent nursery of crime, and s ,a n iwrism and prostitution I Enough to stock a country with a population of a hundred millions. Then, too, there are a great many women who. from age disease, decrepitude, and what not, are not saleable, een in that market. These, with the young girls and boys, do what they can at stealing, Some of the women and of Industry are doing their greatest and most tangible good. At i lie la'ter place there are some hundreds ul children kept employed, and the Mission, since its foundation, has obtained situations for over three bun Ired of its scholars, not one of whom h.is turned out bfuiy. These I numbers, however, re comparatively instgnifi- the Five Points and its immediate neighborhood is ahout thirty thousand, which would leave an average of fifteen to twenty thousand chlldr.-n : so that all that has et been done is a mere drop iu the bucket. Indeed, .the police department positively assert that the general condition of the Five Points, and that whole neighboihuod. was never at a lower point than now that no diminution h s taken place in the amount of their, rowdy i-m, drunkenness, aud prostitution, Djt that, on the contrary, the numbers of the aha ndoned of all grade and classes is constantly The history of the Five Points, in the pastj is by no means destitute of interest, and a gloo my fjtality seems alwaos to have hung around the spot. In 1767 tne termination of Broad way was at Pearl street, and Orange street ran along the Westejn margin of a fresh water pond, where are now the Five Poiuts. Out of this pond ran a creek, where is now Lispenard street, a wide strip of marshy meadows, inter- persed with ponds, occupying the whole of the space in the vicinity of what is now Canal treet and Broadway. In 1733 one hundred and twenty-one years ago a law was passed to preserve the fish in Fresh Water Pond!'"--oor fish ! Our Common Council have other fish to fry now a days. In 1741, New York, then containing about 12,000 inhabitants, oue- ixth being slaves, a negro conspiracy, preceded by a series of fires, murders an 1 robbeiies, war brought to light, end thirteen negroes were burnt at the stake, at the intersection of Pearl nd Chatham streets, and twenty-one were hung one of them in chains.) on an island in Fresh Water Pond, in the very centre of what is now he Five Points. A few miserable shauties were, from time to time, put up along the mar- hy banks of the pond; and when Broadway was continued and opened through the "Sailors' Snug Harbor," a property owned by Thomas Randall, the hills wer levelled and the dirt was carted into the pond, until it was filled up, and was gradually built upon and divided up into ots, as we see it ot present, The Herald here gives a list of the names of the owners of the property in the Five Points and the immediate vicinity and its assessed val ue, and thus proceeds : Here is a sum total of 8261,900 of the asses sed value ol property in the Five Points and vi cinity, paying, by the atrocious system of cram ming and rear-building, an average interest, by wav of rents, of not less than twenty per cent ; so that you see these old, rat eaten, rotten, rick at t v find imiil habitable sheds these vile and tK,J noisome dens are more productive property ibnn the finest Palace mansions in the Fifth avenue, inev nave tue aavamage, iou, ui ri 1 . l I r C tin I costing anything for repairs, and the landlords never have any bad debts; for the moment a tenant in the Five Points don't pay his rent, no matter whether from sickness or want of work, out he goes, neck aftl heels. Who ever heard of giving a poor devil credit on the Five Points? Some of these landlords live in a p-rt of the premises, keep a grog-room and dance bouse be low, and thus 6well their incomes. But the greater portion are owned by respectable and pi ous citizens, who go to church regularly every Sunday, contribute liberally to Mrs. Jellaby's so ciety for christianizing the negroes of Bonioboo- la-Gba, and pay their notes punctually in Wal street. Their pious feet have never, by any chance, strayed into the neighborhood of their estates in Orange or Little Water street, al though their condescend to accept from an agent the monthly returns of the reut. What a rent-roll ! What a tenantry ! Possibly some of these very landlords are the noisiest in their denunciations of the monstros itiesof slavery; perhaps they are of those who would refuse to every slaveholder the rites of communion, and send him to hell without ben efit of clergy. DONIZETTI, THE COMPOSER. Donizetti is the subject of a late letter from Paris to the Boston Atlas, which refers to the production of a posthumous ojjera of his, foun ded on the s'ory ol the " Exiles of Siberia." He has, says the writer, titles to your acquaint ance : he is the author of Anna Bolena and Eli sire d'Amore, Lucrezia Borgia, Lucia di Lam mermbor, La Fille du Regiment, Les Martvr?, La Favorite, Linda di Chamouni, Don Pasquale, Maria di RoHIn, and fifty-five other operas less known to you; and several collections of cham ber music, and of church music, and of instru mental music. There is another reason why 1 would occupy your attention for a moment with him: he died in April, 1818. and although he was buried with a pomp rare in Italy, the land of pageantry, the news of his decease fell idly on the public ear, then dinned with iIip noise of falling thrones, and of the wreck of constitu tions and of intestine wars. Gaetano Donizetti was born at Bergnmo, i:i 1718; heearly exhibited musical talents, and af ter several years employed in dem ntary studies he continued his musical education undei May er, and shortly atterwards received s me lessons frora ihe celebrated Maitei, who had the honor of being R silti!s m ister. D uiizeui, like Ros sini. first exhihi cJ the produc i us of his g"uiu. at Venice, an I although Eurico li B irg'iia a coldly received by the public, it gave clear evi- den.ee of the gif's of the author; he listened with a tatieul attention to ih? criticisms mde on his oper.i, and as Rossiui and Aub-r invari.t bly have done, he made them matter of profit rather than of iil humor. Hesuoo made mio I her appeal to ihe. Venetian public, and 11 Faleg name, rallied the applause of the irusiciiiits and of the public, and at ome mide his name popu lar In ali the theatres of Italy." Good fortune canoe to the aid of great geni i: Mayer (she.i -thor of the Medea) was invited to Naples to compost1 an oiiera ; but previous eii4 igemenis prevented him from going; he sent Donizetti with this letter to the Monger: 1 send jetti Qjiniprlti. ou; wou'i le by the. ch.ing-v' He had now att lined the age of conscription, an.. which heescajted by Z Tiida di Grenada, which, represented at Rune in lb'2, excited the public enthusiasm to a decree none but R ssini ha I ev er done; the day after its perform nice, Donizet ti was paraded about the town in a triumphal car drawn by eight horses, to receive the boqueis and the cheers of liis fellow c itizens. His time wu6 now constantly occupied ; prayers for new operas flowed in to him from alt par's of Italy. When in 1827, Rossini ceased to write for Ialy, the celebrated imprcssario Barbaja engaged him to compose a given number of operas annually at a certain salary ; Rossini had been for years in Barbaja's employment in this manner; Doni zetti's engagement embraced 1827, '28, 29 and "30: After this engagement had expired, he pro duce.l at Milan, Anna Bolena, and the follow ing year he brought out at a second-rate theatre of Milan, the Elislre d'Amore, which he com posed in a fortnight ! Iu 1835 he came to Paris, where lie wrote Ma rino Faliero, which was received rather coldly ; he returned to Naples and composed his immor tal work, what a chef d'eenvre it is! Lucia i Limmermoor ; which has been played with the same inexhaustible success iu every country in the civilized world. As long as there are oices to utter these accents of a heart consum ed by love, Lucia will excite boundless admira tion, He returned to Paris in 1840, and in a year gave Les Martyrs, La Fille du Regiment, and La Favorite. You know the fate of La Fille du Regimen, until Mile. Jenny Lind took it up. It was deemed a failure ; and had been quietly laid on the shelf of the archives closet! Alter various excursions to Rome, Vienna, and Milan, Donizetti returned to Paris in 1843 when he wrote for the Grand Opera Don Sebastien de ortugal, w hich was coldly received here from this circumstance : the Duke ol Orleans had ust been killed when the opera was produced ; in the second act there is the burial of a king by torchlight, which produced the niost disastrous effect on the audience, who had just returned rom the funeral of the Duke of Orleans. Its success everywhere else ws very great. In the same year he wrote Don Pasquale in Paris, and Maria di Rohan at Vienna ; l need not mention their success, which continues as unabated as ever. Donizetti's success is a new instance of the wonderful results which the al liance of consummate science and imagination may produce. He was not only familiar with t fie ihels d'ecuvresof the great Italian and for- eign masters, nut be bad closely stuciit-q u,M me t .... ' a . a instrumental works of the French and the Ger man schools. His erulitio., lumever, never once burdened ihe flights of bis imagination.- His prolificuess has never been equalled; more than once at rehearsals of full orchestra, he has completely changed passages that were not agree able to him, and written over again cavatinas, duos, and finales. Whenever a " book" struck him. he wrote the music for it with a sort of frenzy, without stopping a moment; he com posed in this manner La Fille du Regiment in a week, and Pon Pasquale in seventeen days. Donizetti was both a poet and a muti ian , he wrote the " book" anil the score of La Fille du Regiment and Don Pasquale. His talents were as supple as they were prolific ; he is the only composer since,1ossini. w ho has understood, and clearly exhibited on the stage, the buffo and the serious styles. His genius seemed as inexhaus tible as some perennial spring, and yet .... Let me now trace the sombre side of his life. He was another victim to what I have called the disease of Paris softening of the brain. This wonderful genius soon grew mute, and expired a driveller Hi3 fr lands attrlbutethls sudden alteration of his faculties, to the an noyances of M. Leon Pillet, then manager of the Grand Opera, plagued him withal, dur t1 rehearsals of Don Sebastien. M. Pillet in sisted continually upon changes in the t liga tion and in the music ; Donizetti made them, but with great regret. At the last rehearsal, howevpr, his discontent could be no longer controlled In the fifh act Barrollhet sang un der a charming barcarolle 'Pecheur de la rive; the first strophe was received involun tary bravos by the orchestra, and the secom even with graater enthusiam M. Pillet insis ted upon his obliterating this second strophe ; Donizetti grew angry, and be left the opera house without making a reply. A friend who accompanied him, remarked that shortly after he left the opera his head fell down on his breast, his eyes grew dim, his lips trembled from that moment his situation rapidly became wo'ge; the critics were severe on Don Sebas ien. and their harshness stung him fo the quick. I i a short time they had to carry him to a pri vate mad h use near Paris; according to ii deire he was carried to Bergamo, his native city ; he reached there in April, 1849. the Italians had just won a great victory over the Austrian at Goito ; it was colebratee with Italian enthusiasm in Bergamo; the pop ulation poured into the streets, cheers were i i-o ; continually, the cannon pealed, the bells chime i carols. Hearing all this noise, Doni zetti's reason seemed to return to him again ; raised himself up in his bed, murmured : " Country ! Freed !" and fell back a corpse. 2 1 is posthumous opera, which the Theatre Liriuo is now playing, U in every renpec: worthy of him, and is nightly received with a reat deal of enthusiasm. Talleyrand and Arnold. There was a day when Talleyrand arrived in Havre; -On foot from Paris. It was the darkest hour of the French revolution. Pursued by the oloodhouuds of the Reign of Terr r, strip, ied ol eaety w reck of ptppejtf or p wer, Talleyrand secured a passage to Amoica in a ship about to jail. He was a beggar and a wanderer to a -trange land to earn his daily bread by daily la fa r. " Is there an American stayingat your house ?' he asked the landlord of the hotel. "I rm bound o cross the water, and would like i letter toa vrson of influence in the New World. The landlord hesitated a moment and then re plied : 'There is a gentleman up stairs, either from America or Britain, but whether an American or Englishman, I cannot tell." He pointed the way, and Talleyrand-s-who in his life was Bishop, Prince and Prime Minister, ascsnded. A miserable suppliant, he stopped bef .re the stranger's door, knocked and entered. In the fai corner of a dimly lighted room, sat a man of some fifty years, his arms folded anil head bowed upon his breast. From a window direcly opposite, a flood or light poured over his lorehead. His eyes looked from beneath the downcast brows, gazed on Talleyrand's face with a peculiar and searching expression. His face was striking in outlines; the mouth and chin indicative ol an iron will. His form was vigor ous, even with the snows of fifty w inters ; was clad iu a dark, but rich and distinguished cos tume. Talleyrand advanced stated that he was a fugitive and under the impression that the gentleman before him was an American, he so licited his kind and feeling offices. He poured forth his history in eloquent French and broken English " 1 am a wanderer an exile. I am forced to fly to the New World, without a friend or a home. You are an American. Give me then. I beseech you, a letter of your, so that I may be able to earn my bread. I am willing to toil in any manner the scenes of Paris have filled me with such horror, that a life of labor would lie a paradise to a career of luxury in France. Vou will give me a letter to one of youi friends. The strange gentleman rose. With a look that Talleyrand never forgot, he retreated to wards the door of the next chamber, his eyes looked still from beneath his darkened brow. He spoke as he retreated backward ; his voice was full of meaning. I am the only man born in the New World who can raise a hand to God and say I have not a friend not one in all America." Talleyrand never forget the ovei whelming saduess of that look which accompanied these vords. " Who are you?" he cried, as strange man re treated towards the next room " what is your a one f My name!" he repli d with a smile that hid more mockery than joy in its convulsive expression 14 my name is Benedict Arnold." He was gone. Talleyrand sunk into a chair gasping the words: Arnold, the traitor." Thus you see he wandered over the earth, an other Cain, with a wanderer's mark upon his brow. Even in that secluded room, at the Inn in Havre, his crimes f. und him out, and forced him to tell his name that name the synonym of infamy The last twenty years of life are covered with a cloud, from whose darkness but a few gleams of light flashed out upon the page of history The manner of his death is not exactly known. But we cannot doubt that he died utterly friend jss that remorse pursved him t tne grave whispering John Andre ! in his ear, and ihal the memory of his course of glory gnawed like a canker at his heart, murmuring forever " true to your country, wnat mignt you nave oeen, u Arnold, tue traitor : Observation and Inquiry. Sir Edward Bui wer Lytton recently delivered an address before the five Societies of Edin burgh College, on the occasion of his inaugura tion as Honorary President of theee Associated Societies. In the course of his address he made some remarks on the habi'a of observation and inquiry, which we com mend to the attention of all our young men. They are as follows : " Nature indurates to the infant the two main elements of wisdom ; nature heraclt teaches the infant to observe and to inquire. You will havo noticed how every new object catches the eye of t young child, how intuitively he b"gius to question you upon all he surveys, what it isl what it is for? how it catne there? and how It is made? who made it? Gradually, as he be comes older, his observation is less eager. In fact, both faculties are often troublesome and puzzleing to those about him. He is told to ttend to his lessons and not ask questions to which he cannot yet understand the replies. This reck Ws8 vivacity i drilled into mec hanical .orm.3. so that often when we leave school wa bst.rve leas bud inquire less than when wa uood at the knee of our mother in the nursery. B it our first object on entering upon youth, ind surveying the great world that spreads be lore us, should be to regain the earliest attri butes oi the child. What were the in v inets of the infiiii are the primary duties of the student. His ideas beom ri h and various in propor tion as he observes, accurate and practical in pffOpOftiuS as he inquires. The old s;ory of Neu tori oWrving 'he fall of the apple, anJ so arriving by inquiry, at the laws of gravity, will occur to you all- But this is the ordinary process in every department intelligence. A man who bserves more atten tively than other- had done, is something la it self very simple. He reflects, tests his observa tions b) inquiry, ami becomes the discoverer, the inventor, enriches a science, improves a manufacture, adds a new beauty to the arts, Or, if engaged in professional active life, detects, aa a physsician, the secret cause of disease, ex. tracts truth, as a lawyer, from contradictory evidence or crannies as a statesman, with the complicated rhi'-tples by whic h nations flourish or decay. In siicrt, take with you into all your studies this leadiug proposition, that, whether iu active life, or in loiters and research, a man will always be eminent according ti the vigi lance with which he observes, and the acute uess with which he inquires. Bui this s not enough something more i wan'cd it is that resolute effort of the will which we call perse verance, 1 am no believer iu genius without labor ; but I do believe that labor, judiciously applied, becomes genius itself. Success in removing obstacles, as in conquer ing armies, depends ou this law of mechanics, the greatest amount of force at your command concentrated on a given point. If your consti tutional force be less than another man's you equal him if you continue it longer and concen trated it more The old saving of the Spartan parent to the son who complained that his sword was too short is applicable to everything in life, " if your weapon is too short, add a step to it." Dr. Arnold, the famous Rugby schoolmaster, said the difference between one boy and another was not so much in talent as in energy. It is with boys as with men : and perseverance is energy made habitual." A Dollar or Two. With cautious step os we tread our way through This intrinsic world, as other folk.- do, Mnv we still in our journey be able to view, The benevolent face of a dollar or two. For an excellent thing is a dollar or two, iNo friend is so true as a dollar or two ; Through country or town, as we pass up and down, No passport so good as a dollar or two. Would you read yourself out of a bachelor crew; And the hand of a female divine w ish to sue ; You mutt always be ready the handsome to do. Although it should cost you a dollar ot two. Love s arrows are tipped with a dollar or two; And affections are gained by a dollar or two; The b st aid you cau meet In advancing your suit, Is the eloquent clink of a dollar or two. Would you wish your existence with faith to imbue, And enrol in the ranks of 'he snnctified few ? To enjoy n good name and a well-ctitdiinned pew, Yon must freely come down wlthnric llnrortwo. The gospel is preached !'r n rii I'nr or two, The salvatloh is reached for a dollar or two ; You may sin some at times, but the worst of all crlnen Is fo find yourself short of a dollar or two. The Boston Mail gels off the following pret ty gnod anecdoie ot thai nervous, tretlul, vet always fine tragedian, Macready. "Mac- ready was proverbialy particular about the stage business. He annoyed the stock actors exceed inlvat rehearsals by giving every man his par ticular place on the stage, so that in the picture presented he should be in centre. This actor must stand here, tliat actor there it was his will. On one of the nights of his last engagement in Boston, when he was to play Hamlet, ha was very particular at rehearsal in the disposi- tion of character at the fall of the curtain. He had selected a place on the stage, well down to the lights; and declared that there ho intended to die. It ao happened that nt the fatal mo ment was approaching, just alter Hamlet had stabbed the King, that his majesty took it into hi head to die on the spot selected by the pnil- osophlc Dane. " Thi! jwwon wai nothing in Hamlet's veins, he was in the agonies of death, but he still found time to say tot to voce to his step-faiher, "back Tm going to die thee ! The blood outraged loyalty was up. an i b stabbed monarch replied, "Tim Xing tmifU die where I dn please pick out a place for yourself" and Hamlet was com pelled to let bis soul out flutter up tha etaae.