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W S. EPPKRSON, EDITOR. Wednesday Morning, April 26, 1854 C ooper's Well. This fashionable water ing place will be opened for the reception of visitors on the 11th of May next, at which time a Grand Ball will be given ; of which more may be learned by reference to adver tisement in another column. Max- Day Ball. AVe are requested to state that a Ball will be given at the Yazoo Motel in Benton, on the first day of May next. The proprietor of the Hotel, W. H. Mangum is making extensive arrangements to accom modate and promote the enjoyment of all who may attend. From the number of in vitations issued, wo infer that a large crowd of Ladies and Gentlemen will be present In conformity with an act of the last Legislature, changing the time of holding the Circuit Court of this County, the Spring Term thereof will commence 4th Monday in May. The Board of Police will meet on the Monday preceding, (15th May,) and continue in session four days. Arrived. Dr. Chambers whose exhibitions of Califor nia a year ag'-, ere so popular in our city, arrived this morning, to make arrangements for the opening of his new panoramic work, ' The Odeocamo." It is pronounced, by our cotemporaries of Vicksburg, where it was vis ited by over four thousand persons in one week, to bo " the best work of the kind ever exhibited." Due notice will be given of the time of opening. &d& The Southern Herald, is the name of a new paper, published at Coffeville, Miss, and is devoted to Temperance, Education, General Literature. Agriculture drc. The j f v xt r.r.t i ijwi , design of the Herald is a laudable one, and ; its Editors Messrs. Hunt & Hyslop deserve success in the undertaking, and we sincorely hope that they may command it. Congress The European War. On the 10th inbt., Mr. Dean, in behalf of the committee on Foreign Relations, asked the unanimous consent of the House for the in troduction of the resolutions. This being refused, he moved to suspend the rule for the purpose, and his motion was adopted by a vote of 103 to 41 : Resolved, That in the war which now Eeems impending in Europe, it is the duty as well asituresof the States represented in this Conven ine manuesi interest oi tne uoverument oi me U. S. to observe ond maintain a strict neutrali ty among the belligerents, and, in the event of a war, the right of our citizens, and the security of our commerce demand ihe maintainunce i f the principle heretofore asseited, and strenuous ly contended for by this Government, but not hitherto admitted or established as the law of nations, that free ships make free goods, except as to articles contraband of war, and that the neutral flag protects from unreasonable search and seizure, the ships bearing it ; end also that neutral property on board a vessel of any of the belligerents is not subject to seizure and confis cation. Resolved. That the the President of United States be requested, if iu his opinion not incom patible with the public interests, to communi cate to this House whether any, and if any, what arrangements have been made, or what correspondence has taken place between this Government and any of the Governments of Europe to establish the foregoing principles, as international law. and to protect the neutral commerce ot the United States in the event of a war betweeu an- of ihn powers of Europe. Eloquent Extract From Mr. Breckenridge's Speech. The following is the closing part of the speech of the talented and eloquent Demo cratic Representative from Kentucky, in fa vor of the right of the people of Nebraska and Kansas to govern themselves, which Northern Abolitionists would deny to them : " It is true, New-England, with a few noble exceptions, has arrayed herself against the prin ciplesof the bill ; yet even there the cause is not lost. Her choicest sons are unmoved by the clamors that surround them ; and New Hamp shire, the little Switzerland of the North, is un broken by the frantic rush of the agitators. She has elements around which to rally her hereditary principles. But New-England is not the Union. Ob serve what different tokens come from East and West? Did youi hear of the infuriated mob that basely hung the auther of this bill in effigy, on Boston Common 1 But did you note soon after, the cheering tones of approval the west wind brought from his prairie State? Remem ber, gentlemen, in the midst of yout exultation, that the political power of this country is now climbing the summits of the Alleghany moun tains, and, before this decade closes, will have poured its unreturning course far into the val ley of the Missippt that vost region, richer than the delta of the Nile, and whose millions and ever increasing millions are destined to a political unity as lasting as civilization and commerce, bound forever together by the double tie of interest and affection. What then, if Boston chooses to betray the principles that made her own origin illustrious what if New England chooses to turn her back on the doctrines that marked her early his tory, and, after winning political liberty for herself, proposes to deny it to others? still we are not defenceless. Trae spirits in every Eas tern State will stand by the flag of republican equality, until.it waves the people back beneath its folds. Pennsylvania, that fine old common wealth, too often neglected in the piping times of peace, but always appealed to, and never in vain, in every crisis of the Constitution, will stand upon the bill. But even if no support could be found in the scenes of our early civil ization, we would gather up this inestimable principle and turn to the West the young and growing and vigorous West whose hardy sons, having just laid for themselves the foundations of society, will never aid in robbing the fellow citizens of the same sacred privilege. Sir, in two years from this time you will not be able, in my opinion, to find a man in the West who will dare to go before the people in opposition to the principles of this bill, JE3T The Roman Catholics of Minnesota outnumber all other denominations. A ca thedral is to" be erected this season at St Paul's which will cost $90,000. Southern Commercial Convention. vuuuvu mis oouy met according to adjournment! at Charleston on the 10th inst, and organized by electing the Hon. W. C. Dawson of Ga. President and Lieut. M. F. Murray Vice Pres ident. Wilmpt G. De Saussure of South Car olina, Secretary. S. F. Leake, Va.; Gen. J. Winslow, N.C.; Hon. J. A. Woodward, S. C; Judge E.T.Nesbit,Ga.; Hon.C. C.Clav, Sr., Ala.; S. W. Oakey, La.; N. D. Coleman, Miss.; Dr. John Shelby, Tenn.; Gen. Leslie Cooms, Ky.; W. D. Moscley, Fla, ; Thomas Whitridge, Md.; Vice Presidents. T. T Hutchins, Md.; Mr. Rose, Va.; Thomas Lor ing, N. C. ; A. P. Aldrich, S. C. ; James Ham ikon, Ga.; John W. Jones, Ala.; J.B.Leake, La.; Mr. Mathews, Miss.; R. L. Saunders, Tenn.; , Kp.; C. A. Prince, Florida; Secretaries. The Hon. W. C. Dawson, after thanking the Convention for the honor conferred on him, proceeded to enumerate some of the main purposes of the Convention, among which were : To establish a Southern Continental Depot for Cotton, and facilities for direct importa tions and exportations. To stimulate manufactures and general in dustry. To establish direct mail oommuni cations with foreign couutries. To establish Southern Institutions of learn ing. To endeavor to prepare the South to con tend for the Eastern Terminus of the great Pacific Railway when built Mr. George A. Trenholm, of South Caroli na, offered the following resolutions, which were referred to the Committee on Resolu tions : Resolved, That this Convention recommends in the most earnest manner to the people of the South, and more particularly to the merchants it) t tie seaports, to embark a suitable portion of their capital in the construction or purchase of ships, tu convey directly to foreign ports our ag- ricultural and other productions, and brine h lhp ri,turu ca 0i foreign commoumes ome mi i : mm. uli t inn I i . a commercial marine caiuble of performing this servic, Wv-uld relieve the South from an eno nious tribute now paid to other States of this Union and foreign countries, and turn the gains of this lucrative and in igorating pursuit into a new element of Southern opulence and strength. Resolved, That in the opinion of this Con vention, a material reduction or absolute repeal of the duties now levied on railroad iron by the General Government, is a measure that would conduce in a high degree to promote the inter ests of all the States. Resolved. That this Convention do earnestly reo mmend this measure to Ongress as one of great national benefit, and respectfully solicit their early and favorable action upon it. Kesolvvd, that we recommend to the Legisla tiou, toexempt fromSta'e taxes, during onevear ensuing the importa'ion thereof, all goods di rectly imported from toreign ports into any port iu the Sou i hern States. The following resolution presented by Mr. C. K. Marshall, of Mississippi, was also re ferred to Committee on Resolutions, viz : Resolved, That it is the deli be rate sense of this t convention, that the object for which we are convened is the general development and main tenance of the rights and resources of the Snuth- em and South Western States; and while we reeard Commerce as the great colonizer, civitizer. ; and Christianizes of mankind, which, with its . " , . i j 1 various earning interests, demands our special ' W the rlar P ceDtaffe that Would consideration, we also recognise bs our legiti- due, upon the sale of those lands, to the gen mate business, all other matters of a practical Pr:Ji ffowrnmprt. and is reimbursed, as alraa- character, tending to tne accemi :c"miuisnmeni 01 trie l t - r 1 1 general design ; embracing Education, Agricul ture, Home Manufactures, Navigation, and the occupancy of our vast uncultivated lands. Senatorial Resignation. Mr. Truman Smith through the National Intelligencer announces the resignation of his seat in the Senate ; the reason assigned is the pressure of private engagements, which means that Mr. Smith is deeply engrossed in the copper mine speculations of Lake Superior. Con necticut may get a better Representative even from a Whig Legislature. Mr. Smith, as Chairman of the Whig Central Committee in the canvass of 1852, displayed uncommon talent for the dirty work of a political cam paign. He would make an admirable Fouche but he is not thought to possess any higher qualities of statesmanship than belong to the character of an accomplished chief of police. Pkactical Democracy. The Boston Times in a late number, gives us the following anec dote, and we pass it over to our readers with more gratification, inasmuch as it goes to prove that the charge of favoritism to his relations caBnot be laid at the door of the President. "One day last week, a number of worthy and substantial farmers and drovers who had been attending the Cambridge Cattle Market, congre gated in the temporary depot at Porter's station, and the conversation turned on politics. Some of the assembly were either wbigs or freesoilers, aud the way the Nebraska bill, the President, Judge Douglas, etc., w ere handled was a caution to the friends of non-intervention. Presently, a sturdy looking farmer with a clear pair of eyes and an honest fare, put a question to the most violent of the declaimers an out-and-out abo litionist which immediately attracted the at tention of the whole company to himself. The conversation then proceeded, but had not pro gressed very far before the sophistries of the ab olitionist were exposed aud refuted by the plain common sense arguments of the farmer. This was acknowledged on all sides, except, of course, by his opponent; and, satisfied with his victory, the farmer modestly retired from the place, lea ving the company at liberty to scan his argu ments and guess about himself at their leisure, He talked like a book," said one. " Yes I hardly thought he was so well posted up," re marked another. " He looked rough, but talked like a lawyer," observed a third. " But who is he 1" was the question generally put. At this moment, Murray, the depot master, who had been quietly listening to their speculations, stepped forward, and in his quiet and peculiar way, said: "Gentlemen, that is Mr. Henry Pierce, of Hillsborough county, New Hamp shire brother qf the President of the United Stales." And that was true. We learn that Mr. Pierce regularly attends the Cambridge Cattle Market every week, with the products of his fine farm in New Hampshire, and is every where esteemed as an honest, nigh-minded, intelligent and pat riotic American citizen. What an interesting spectacle does this present ! Here was the bro- ller Qf. the Chief Magis of one of the great- est nations on the face of t he elobc-a person qualified to fill many responsible posts, yielding handsame pecuniary emoluments pursuing the hard and humble, but enriobline callinc of an American farmer, while a word from his brother iu office could plate him where his purse might be easily and lawfully gorged wih the glittering cash of the public treasury. This is one among the many instances of the single heartedness and unselfishness of the President of the Uni ted States Franklin Pierce. THE PUBLIC LANDS, In relation to the best, and most feasible plan of disposing of the public lands, and effectually releasing Congress from any fur ther consideration of this vexed question, the Union says, "The object of Mr. Perkins's amendment, offered as a substitute for Ben net's bill, was to transfer, as far as consistent with the public interest, the disposal of the public lands to the States in which they lie. It proposes to grant all the lands within the States to the States in which they are re spectively situated, on two important condi tions : 1st. That the States shall dispose of them at SI, 75 cents, 50 cents, 25 cents, according as they have been offered for sale lor ten, fifteen, twenty, and twenty-five years. 2.1. That the States shall pay over to the gen eral eovernment a certain per centaae upon the amount realized from their sale. This per cent age is to be paid quarterly as the lands are dis posed of at the State land offices. This was, in a few words, the bill proposed by Speaker Boyd. It was to carry out an idea suggested by Mr. Calhoun, and favora bly spoken of by General Jackson iu one of liis messages. Its effect would be to remove out of Congress a subject of much discussion, and make the States in which the lauds are situated the agents for their sale. The first condition- secures their sale at the graduated price to the citizens of all the States, and guards against their being made by the States in which they lie either a sub ject of speculation or unjust discrimination. The second condition is intended to guar anty to the general government full reim bursement of the purchase, extinguishment of Indian title, surveys, ic, &c. The amount of this per centage is left blank in the bill, to be filled bv the House on an estimate of the amount of the per centage that will accomplish this. Mr. Perkins's amendment is a proviso de signed to authorize the State to giant alter nate sections of land along railroad lines within their borders, and indemnify them selves by disposing of the remaining sections along the line at double tho price fixed by the bill. By thi3 provision each State may grant, at its discretion, that aid to Railroad interests within its borders that is now asked of the general government. Under its operation, the general government is guarantied by the State against any loss in tho grant of alter nate sections, and each State is made the judge under the responsibility of a pecunia ry interest in what cases the grant should be made ; tor, as soon as a giant is maae 01 ai- ternate sections to anv railroads the State -- - " , , dv stated, bv the sale of the remaining sec- 0 r mf w tions at double price. The lands in Territories are not affected by the provisions of the bill. Under this bill the railroad interest is am ply protected, the general government is more than reimbursed by the purchase and survey of the public lands, and relieved of an onerous and annoying agency in their disposal, while the citizens of all the States are guarantied the advantages of a gradua tion in their price. The States are also greatly benefitted by having settled within their borders all those annoying land claims and conflicting titles that come up to Washington from all quar ters, to be decided frequently upon imperfect testimony. Most of the Western States have already State land offices, as well as federal land of fices, within their limits. Under this bill the State land offices will do the work of both. At present the general government pays to each State five per cent, upon the public lands within their borders, and the State can not tax them for five years after they are sold. By the present bill this is reversed, the State paying a certain per centage to the geneoal government. The receipt of this per centage by the general government is in sured by the titles under the State being de pendent for ther legality upon its payment. ft. M. T. Hunter of Virginia. One of our Washington correspondents furn ishes us with the following description of the distinguished Senator of Virginia. He says : Mr. Hunter is truly a remarkable man. He is remarkable iu his order of talents, and partic ularly so in his personal appearance. Phrenol ogists and physiognomists contend that the principles ot these two sciences have been re duced to such a system as to enable a person to measure the mental capacity of a man by a mere examination of the head and features. There is no rule, however, without exceptions, and most unquestionably Mr. Hunter is an excep tion to all the rules of Phrenology, or Physiog nomy. A spectator in the Senate gallery, look ing down upon the Senators would not for a moment rest his eyes upon R. M. T. Hunter as one of the great men of that body. And even if he should be pointed out to him, he would be struck with disappointment at his un pre posses- ling appearance. His Dead is rather below the medium size, and bis forehead is extremely low and narrow. There is no " bumpology on his cranium to mark the intellect with. Nor is there anything iu either his eye or countenance 1 that would induce the beholder te regard him as a man of genius. But let him rise to address the Senate. Whether he takes the floor for a set speech, or merely to participate in a running debate, it soon becomes apparent that he is something more thsn en ordinary man. He speaks sm othly and regularly, never hesitating for a word or an idea. His language is rhaste, elegant and scholarly ; while at the same time it is comprehensive and strong. There is no superfluity of words, or confusion oi ideas. He always speaks directly to the poiut at issue, and is bo clear and explicit in his expositions, that there is no misunderstanding his p sition. He always speaks calmly, aud with perfect self-possession. He never allows anything to excite him. Whenever it is known that he is to deliver a set speech, the galleries are crowded to over flowing. Nor does he ever disappoint any ne who goes to hear him. He never delivers any thing but a great speech. His manner of deliv ery is animated, though not passionate. He never attempts any display of flowing oratory, nor seeks to adorn his speeches with rhetorical images. Yet his speaking is not only interest ing, but fascinating. He enchains the listener with his close reasoning, and astonishes him with the depth of his learuing and power of his logic. He is truly a great man. He has meas ured lines with the greatest of his compeers in the Senate, and has never came off second best. He is a foe man worthy of any man's 6teel. In person he is about five feet eight incites, and rather heavy built. He is in the prime ot life, being but little over forty years of age. He is a very close and laborious student, and in all the relations, his character is a hove reproach. He has been in active political life ever 6ince he was twenty-one years old. It issakl, indeed, that this is one of the principal reasons which induced him to decline a position iu the Cabin et." Exchange. CENTRALIZATION. The apprehension with which the aggrandize ment of the Federal Government is reganled by men who hold a just theory of our political sys tem, is abundantly justified by successive in stances of Legislative encroachment and Exec utive usurpation. There have been men with sagacity to discern and courage to expose and resist the centralizing tendency in political in stitution, when developed in its mc-st flagrant nnd offensive form. There is, however, a par ticular manifestation of this vice, which, being less obvious and aggressive m -its operation, has escaped the censure which its malignant and dangerous churacter should provoke. In this country, public opinion isproverbiallj omnipotent. Legislation is but the expression os ttie popular will. Whatsoever, therefore, gives shape and direction to public opinion, exerts an important influence on the policy of the government. The time was when the governments of the States were thought to be co-equal in di and power with the Federal Government The time was, when the ac tion of the Virginia Leg islature was sensibly felt, and anxiously antici pated throughout the confederacy. The time wus, when every great impulse of public senti ment had its origin in the Stales, and the gov ernment at Washington was but the Weather Cock which indicated the c urse of the breeze. Then the Federal raetrop lis was tlie gulf into which the streams ol popular feeling discharged themselves, and not the source and spring of public opinion and political influence. Then the politicians at Washington, so far from con trolling and directing the sentiment of the country, were but its slaves and obedient instil ments, and their chief anxiety & ambition were clearly to discern and faithfully to execute the independent opinion of the people. How different an aspect things wear at pres ent, any man may ascertain by a single glame and a moment's consideration. The States, in comparison with the Federal Government, have sunk to the level of dependent and tributary provinces. They display none of the dignity, they command noue of the respect of sovereign and independent communities. Whatever may be their theoretical position and function in our system of government, they are well nigh as un distinguished and powerless as the shires of England or the departments in France. Their chief magistrates neither claim nor enjoy the distinction justly due to their position ; and their Legislatures have crre to be thought of scarcely more importance than village debating clubs a result which they precipitated upon themselves by the demagogic contrivance of bi ennial sessions. Before the States were dwarf ed by the spreading and deepening shadow of central power, in the memorable year of 1799, Virginia, by her potent voice, arrested the march of Federal encroachment ; but now the voice of Virginia is equally contemned and disregarded, whether heard in mild expostulation or defiant menace Once statesmen of senatorial fame were content to win the favor of a county con stituency ; but now, all but the highest offices in the States, are the prize of mean ability, or the stepping stone of young ambition. Nation al reputation and Federal office engross the care and consideration of men of competent capaci ty and eminent name. The st und and salutary public sentiment which, matured in the States and expressed in the honest and emphatic language of the people, once controlled the policy of the government, has been superseded by thj artificial and delusive counterfeit of popular opinion which the poli ticians in Washington impose upon the coun try. Washington has become the foundation of honor and the source of power: To Washing ton the eyes of the "nation" are turned in eager anxiety. To Washington the needy adventu rer repairs in "quest of fortune From Wash ington the rays of intelligence illuminate the land j and from Washington flow the refreshing streams of patronage. The country is governed by Washington. Not more despotic is the rule of the Parisian populace over France, than the rule of Washington politicians over this con federacy. They are the true Warwicks of the age they pull down and set up; they bind and loose ; they make and undo. They are the au gust actors whom the people must behold and spptaud at the suggestion of the coafidential prompter. This is not exaggeration but sober reality The evil we lament stares us in the face and presses ou odr senses. We cannot blink It; neither can we extenuate it by delicate apology. There is but one remedy, and thut is in the ex clusive possession ol ihe people. The despotic supremacy of the politicians in Washington, is as much the cause as It is the effect of Federal usurpation and central consolidation. If the people will resolve to think for themselves and act for themselves, they will soon recover the p wer and consideration of which they have been bereft. As long as they submit ib the dictation of the politicians in Washington, as long as tliey are content to accept and to reject measures of public policy without examination and reflection, and to bend in servile adoration before the judgment of men who are at best but their servants and representatives, they are noi worthy the privileges of freemen and they must not expect the consideration which is accorded only to manly independence. Richmond Enq. The South and Direct Trade. The leading merchants of this and every Southern City, and all Southern metl, who are interested in building up Southern Com merce, look to direct trade with foreign ports, as the great want of the times. They all de sire direct trade, they will write and talk in that behalf, but so far they have done noth ing more, except to make fruitless applica tions to State Legislatures, for governmental aid. They have been, aud are now, illustra ting the fable of Hercules and the Wagoner. Tile error of the day is, to expect the Gov ernment, State or Federal, to do more than it was designed to do. Men are not Firtrsfied, if the government protects them in the quiet arid peaceful enjoyment of their property and their liberty it must do more. It must go ou to improve their property for them, and to furnish them with all the conveniences which their position may require! It must dig canals, construct railroads, improve har bors, build turnpikes, and do a hundred oth er act?, which might well be left to private enterprise and capital. There is, We apprehend, a better way for the South. While Southern men are wait ing for the slow movements of the govern ment, the opportunities of achieving com mercial independence, may pass away. Once Virginia led the vau of the States, and might have retained her supremacy, had she duly used her advantages. Unfortunately for the South, the men of that day di not rightly appreciate their positions, and, while they slept, the North took away from them traffic with foreign countries. This experi ence of the past should not be disregarded by the men of this generation. They must improve upon the errors of their forefathers, if they would regain somewhat of the com merce which they once enjoyed. They must address themselves, at once, to the task of reconquering the spoils of the foreign trade. And to do this, they must no mdre call on Hercules, but put their shoulders to the wheel, and keep them there until their task is accomplished. The Charleston Convention will no doubt have this subject under discussion. Many of the delegates to that body, from this and other States, are practical business men, and we call upon them to carry their business views and habits along with them. Thev see the folly of petitioning for governmental aid, towards the establishment of direct trade between the wateis of the South and foieign ports ; let them pursue the only course that common sense dictates. Let them determine run packets from one or more Southern ports and, toob ain the le jiiis.te funds to build aa 1 and equip those vessels, let them open books of subscription in every Southern State. They may accomplish their pu.pose by this means, but they never will by adopting resolutions and making long speeches about the impor tance of direct trade. The only obstacle to the success of this plan, is the rivalry of different ports, for the advantages such communion would aflbrd. Every Southern City would be a candidate, and as all could not be thus favored, the de feated aspirantp might refuse to co-operate in the movement.- Iu that event, the question of Southern commercial independence would be decided in the negative, and we should hear no more of it; and that would be better than the unceasing talk without correspond ing action. But we assume that all the pro fessions which have been put forth through out the South are sincere expressions of opinion ; and if they be, every Southern State and City would give an emphatic sup port to the plan we have suggested. That would insure its success, and ere two years elapse, the sails of the South would receive the kiss of the sun and the caresses of the winds. Thefe may be other plans more feasible than this, and we are ready to support them when they are made known. All we want is something that looks to the employment of individual enterprise, and that will put an end to these applications to our State legisla tures, and teach the people everywhere iu the South, the great lesson of self-reliance. Who ever may suggest such a plan and secure its adoption by the people, will deserve to be hailed as a public benefactor. Richmond Enquire. MISSISSIPPI LAWS. o AN ACT to authorize the Northeast and South west Alabama Railroad Company la extend their Railroad from the West boundary tine of the State of Alabama to some point on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, in the State of Mississippi. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Legislature 0 ine ixiate 0 Mississippi, mat the North east and Southwest Alabama Railroad Com pany, when formed under the act of the Gen eral Assembly of the State of Alabama, ap proved December 12, 1853, entitled "An act to incorporate the Northeast and Southwest Alabama Railroad Company, shall be allow ed the privilege of making any necessary re connoisance and survey, for the purpose of ascertains the most eligible route for atnH- ing their Northeast and Southwest Alahama Railroad, from the point it strikes the Easi boundary line of this State, to any point on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad in this State. sec. 1 He it further enacted. That as soon as said route and point shall be ascertained, tne said JNortheast and Southwest Alabama Railroad Company shall be allowed the riirht of way for the extension and construction of then- said Railroad from the Mississippi line to the Mobile and Ohio Railioad, and that thev shall be entitled to all the rights and immunities, and subject restrictions, except such as herea tioned, as are granted, in ad 9, and for the benefit, government, and di said Northeast and Southwest A I at aoad Company, cither within the Alabama, bv the act above describe r men- iurih! ma Rail State of d. Sec 3. Be it further enactedy That so much of section seven of the above des?t iln-d act, as is embraced in proviso, beginning with the words, "and that the corporation hereby created shall have no power to discriminate in liivor of its road agjiinst such connecting roads, on freights or passengers," and ending with the same, be and the same is hereby declared and made inoperative and void in the State. 8c. 4. Be it further enacted, That the said Northeast and Southwest Alabama Rail road Company, for the purposes of depots, cuttings, and embankments, and for the pur pose of necessary turnouts, and for obtaining stone and gravel, may take as much land as may be necessary for the construction and security of said road, and all damages that may be occasioned to any jHjrson or corpora tion, by the taking of any such land or me terials aforesaid, for the purpose aforesaid, shall be assessed, and paid for by said com pany, in the manner provided in the act above described for assessing and paying the damages for the right of way: Provided, That not more than five acres of ground shall be consumed in any one place for depots; that juries in all cases where they are required, hall be composed of twelve men ; and that said company shall excepted from the provi sions of an act entitled "An act to provide for for taking stock for the State of Mississippi, in various railr6ad corrrpanies in this State," approved March 16, 1862. Approved February 27, 1854. AN ACT to authorise the North Alabama an Grand Junction Railroad Company to extend their Railroad from the west boundary line of the Suite of Alabama, to the town of Colum bus in the State of Mississippi. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Mississippi, That the North Alabama and General Junction Railroad Com pany, when foimed under the act of tho Gen eral Assembly of the State of Alabama en titled "An act to incorporate the North Ala bama and Grand Junction Railroad Compa ny," shall be allowed the privilege of making any necessa' y surveys and reconnoissance, for the purpose of ascertaining the most eligible routo for extending the said North Alabama and Grand Junction Railroad to the town of Columbus in this State. Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That, so soon, as said route shall be ascertained, the said North Alabama and Grand Junction Railroad Company shall be allowed the right of wjJr for the extension and construction of their said railroad, from the Alabama line td'the said town of Columbus, and that they shall be entitled to all the rights, privileges and immunities, and subject to all such restriction as are granted, made, and prescribed for Ihe benefit, government, and direction of the Mo bile and Ohio Railroad Company, within this State Sec. 3. tie if farther enacted, That this act shall take effect and be in force from ant after its passage. Approved March 2, 1854. AN ACT granting lite right of way through the Sta'e of Mississippi, and other privileges, to the St. Louis, Helena, uild New Orleans Rail road. Whereas, the constiuction of a railroad, from the city of St Louis, in the State of Missouri, by the way of the towns of Helena, in the State of Arkansas, and Lexington, in the State of Mississippi, to some eligible point on the Mississippi Central Railroad, for the put pose of securing a Railroad connection between the cities of St. Louis and New Or leans, and facilitating intercourse and trans portation, is deemed a woik of great public importance, and is in strict accordance with the true inteiest of our State, and should be encouraged by legislative sanction on the part of this State ; and, whereas, the making of such an improvement is now contemplate! by the inhabitants of St. Louis, and a portion of the inhabitants of the States of Aikansas and Mississippi, and of the city of New Or leans; therefore Section 1. Be it enacted by the Legisla ture of the State of Mississippi, That, so soon as any company shall be duly organized, either ift' tne State of Aikansas or Missouri, according to any law of either of raid Stat passed lor the purpose in the above preamble recited, said company, by their appropriate agents, may enter on the territory of this State, for the purpose of constructing and extending their works, subject to the restric tions hereinafter recited. Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the said company may sue and be sued in this State, and where said company is sued, the process may be served on any known ap pointed agent of said company. Sec 3. Be it further enacted, That the third, fourth, fifth, seventh, eighth, ninth, eleventh and twelfth sections of an act, enti tied "An act granting the right of way through the State of Mississippi, and other privileges, to the New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern Railroad Com nan v." are hereby re- enacted and applied to the construction, pre servation, contiol, and government, ot tne St. Louis, Helena, and New Orleans Rail road, by the way of Lexington, Mississippi. Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That not less than one-fourth of the entire number of directors of said road, shall be stockholders therein resident in this State. Sec 5. Be it further enacted, That free right of way over any land now owned by tins State, is granted to any company that shall be hereafter organized, to construct the load contemplated by this act, and the said company shall have power to acquire, by purchase, or otherwise, and hold any quanti ty of land, not exceeding three sections, in this State, on the Mississippi rirer, at a point opposite the town of Helena, in the State of Arkansas, and shall jjpnrm power to sell the same, in such parcels as said company may deem expedient. Approved February 27, 1854. AN ACT to pay Jurors on inquest, and on tri -atsof actions of forcible entry, end unlawful detainer. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Legisla ture of the Stale of Mississippi, That -every person summoned and sttending as a juror.