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VOL. 10. YAZOO CITY, MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 7, 1854 It). 31. err- Tilt DEMOCRAT XV. S. EPPERSON, EDITOiR. MISCELLANEOUS. Arrest of Aaron Burr in Alabama. It became evident earlv in the summer of 1806, that Burr had some designs on foot ; and the silence and secresy which attended all of his movements failed not to excite the suspicions of the Government, through their secret agents. President , Jeiferson, iu his special message of January 28, 1807, says thru he had two distant objects in view, "one of these the severance of the union of the States by the Alleghany mountains ; the oth er an attack on Mexico ; a third object was provided merely ostensible, to-wit : the set tlement of a pretended purchase of a tract of country on the Washita, claimed by a Baron Bastross. In the latter part of the year 1806, apart" ef Kentuckians, induced by the proclama tion of President Jefferson, arrested Burr, and brought him to trial. Henry Clay, whom Burr had previously and frequently met, appeared as his counsel; and he was acquitted upon the ground of insufficiency of eyideuce trx convict Thus released, he continued down the Mississippi with a few boats and men, but just above Natchez he was again arrested by Colonel Claiborne, at the instance of the Governor of Mississippi. Again a prisoner of the United States, pub lic sympathy, in that section was strongly ex cited, and he found no difficulty in giving the necessary bond for his appearance at court. When brought before court, he de nied that his offences came within the juris diction of Mississippi. Tire Attdruey-Gene-ral took sides with him, and insisted that he should be released from his bail, and sent to a competent tribunal. The Judges, howev er, refusing to grant the application for dis ehnrge, it was ascertained at the opening of the court that the prisoner had departed. Officers were at once dispatched in pursuit, and large rewards offered for his apprehen sioit. And this brings us to the circumstan vies of his arrest in Alabama About a moth after his failure to appear at court, Burr found himself, With one com panion, iii the vicinity of the village of Wake- tfTehl. Washington countv. Ala. Fearful of 7 - t -w - - 1 ' V detection he entered the town under the cov- r of the niodit with the determination of passing through and gaining, if possible, the house of Col. Hihson, a gentleman whom he had met at Natchez, and vvho had invited him to his house. Riding up to the door of a cabin, Burr inquired of two young men, seated within, first for the tavern and then for directions to Col. Ilinson's. Perkins, one of the young men, replied that it was sev eral miles to Ilinson's, that the way was difficult to find, and that creeks intervened. The travellers thanked them for their infor mation andTQde off. As they passed the door the light shone fully upon the face of of the elder rrentleman. Perkins was a close observer ; and the richly caparisoned horse, the fine saddle and holsters, the noble and dignified mien of the stranger, observable de spite his coarse dress, and the bright spark ling eye, which flashed from beneath his slouched hat. seemed to thrust conviction upon him, and he at once exclaimed, " that's u'ar&n Burr!" Satisfied as to the correctness of his con clusion, Perkins at once sought Brightwell, the sheriff ; and in a very short time the two were following closely upon the tracks of the travellers. Arriving at Col. Hinson's Burr found that his friend was absent ; and ; is request for a nights entertainment was tacitly refused probably through fear, by Mrs. Iliuson, who quietly closed the window m reply. Making their way to the kitchen, they seated themselves by the fire, intending to pass the night there ; but the sheriff, who was a relation of Mrs. Hinson, appearing soon after, she hastily prepared supper for them. During supper, Burr charmed the hostess with his eiegat"convereation, though evidently disconcerted by the keen glances of the sheriff, who remained in the room. As the former left the table before the others, Mis. Hinson, at the instance of the sheriff,! turned to the other traveller and said, "have I not the pleasure of entertaining Col. Bu in the gentleman who has just walked out?" Mueh confused, he made no answer, but ri sing, walked off. Brightwell was now satis fied that it was really Burr, but the fascina mr address of the latter had won his heart, v, a;a Tmt return to Perkins, whom he HBU ' . ... had left shivering with cold tiie adjoining wooos. kins, in the meantime, becoming unpa id" stall believing he was right made hastB to Fort Stoddard and rt- y, in im"? to Capt- E- GameJS IMrected by i file of soldiers was put ia motion fient his w porte Perk under command of Capt Gaines, and . the party met Burr and his companion about 9 o'clock in the morning, when the following conversation ensued : Gaines. I presume, sir, I have the honor of addressing Col. Bun- ? Stranger. I am a traveller in the country, and do not recognize your right to ask such a question. Gaines. I arrest you at the instance of the Federal Government Stranger. By what authority do you ar rest a traveller, on the highway, on his pri vate business ? Gaines. 1 am an officer of the army, I hold in my hands the proclamations of the President and Governor, directing your ar rest Stranger. You are a young man, and may not be aware of the responsibilities which result from arresting travelers. Games. lam aware. of the responsibili ties, but I know my duty. Burr still persisted in denouncing the ar rest unjust and unwarranted, and attempted to frighten Gaines feom the discharge of his duty, but the latter sternly replied, " You are my prisoner, sir, and must accompany me to Fort Stoddard." Finding resistance of no avail, Burr yielded, and soon found himself a prisoner at Fort Stoddard. During his stay in the Fort, his kind at tentions to George S. Gaines, (brother of the Captain) whom he found dangerously ill his gentlemanly deportment and agreeable address towards all, made him many friends. He spent much of his time in the company of the accomplished Mrs. Gaines, who en joyed much of his brilliant conversation. That lady sympathized deeply with the un happy position of Burr, and in common with other ladies of the Fort shed tears when she saw him depart for Washington, guarded by a file of soldiers. The escort was placed under the command of Perkins, at whose instance Burr had bee arrested. With a party of ten men, Perkins set out upon his arduous journey, his route lvinsx up the Alabama river to the present city of Montgomery, thence north-eastward, through Georgia, South and North Carolina into Virginia. We do not propose following the party through their many adventures at one time winding their way through almost impene trable forests, at another swimming swollen streams riding day by day, wet to the skin by the driving, pelting rain, and lying at night upon piles of knots and chunks to keep alxve the water which covered the swamps continually alarmed by the bowlings of wolves and other wild beasts and their paths infested by bands of savages not less ferocious, etc.. etc. Thronsrh all these and similar trials Fer kins led his prisoner safely ; and strange to s av, during the whole route no word of com plaint escaped the latter. Amid all these adversities, in which the powers of nature as well as of man seemed conspiring to crush him, his spirit sunk not. Truly, his situation was one to depress an ordinary spirit. There was he, who had been alike distinguished in the field and in the cabinet who had enjoy ed the highest favors of a country whose in stitutions still bear the impress of his genius there was he, reposing beneath a rude tent in the wilds of Alabama, a prisoner of the United States, surrounded by a group of sol diers whose only business was to watch him, and without one friend, one congenial spirit to console and befriend. Apart from this, his wife had lately died, his only child was afar off, ignoraht, perhaps, of his sad condi tion ; his professional affairs disarranged, and he himself ostracized by that State with whose history his name was indissolubly con nected and branded wherever he went as " murderer" and " traitor." Yet did Aaron Burr rise superior to his fallen fortunes; and during his whole journey bestrode his horse with a dignity of mien not unbecoming the nosition he had latelv filled, while his keen i eye flashed with the light of conscious supe riority upon the rude guard which adverse circumstances had placed over him. While there was much of the siutoiter in tnodo in Burr's address, there was a dignity of manner about him, which never faded to rebuke the officious and idly curious. Just after passing the Oconee river, the party pas- wed the night for the first time under the roof of a house. Bevin, the landlord, was quite officious, and his loquacity soon bro't upon him a merited rebuke. L aacquamted with the persons or the objects of the party. ho yet discovered that they were from the West, and began asking many questions touching " Bun's conspiracy ;" asked if he had not been arrested, and made many ani lug, remarks upon his present fallen condi tion. Perkins and his companion?, much embarrassed, tried to change the subject, and elude his inquiries by seeming inattention; but he still persisted, when Burr, rbiDg up to his full height and fixing upon tl c land lord bis flashing eye, said, " an Aaron Burr ! what is it you want with me ?" Bev in, as if thunderstruck, fairly crouched be neath the withering glance ; and during the remainder of their stay could hardly sum mon courage to ask their commands, though most obsequious in his attentions. As the party drew near to the confines of South Carolina, Pel kins caused his prisoner to be more carefully guarded. Col. Alston, who had married Burr's only child, resided in this State, and Perkins feared lest some attempt at a rescue sltould be made. Burr also evidently had some hopes of such an event, and was prepared at any time to take advantage of it as was proved by an inci dent which we take from Mr. Pickett. In passing throgh the county town of Chester District, the party passed near a tavern, be fore which a crowd of men were assembled. Seeing the collection of men so near him, Burr, threw himself from his horse and ex claimed, in a loud voice, "I am Aaron Burr; under military arrest, and claim the protec tion of the civil authorites!" Perkins and several of his companions at one dismounted, and the former ordered the prisoner to re mount Burr, in a most defiant manner. I will not" Being unwilling to shoot him, Pei kins threw down his pistols both of which he held in his hands and seizing Burr aground the waist, threw him into his saddle. Thomas Mai one caught the reins of the horse, slipped them over his head, and ed the animal rapidity on. The astonished citizens saw a party eater their village with a prisoner, heard him appeal to them for protection in the most audible and imploring manner, saw armed men immediately sur- ronding him and thrust him into his saddle, and then the whole party vanish from their presence before they could recover from their confusion. Soon after this incident, Perkins obtained a gig, and in this Burr passed, without fur ther adventure, tle remainder of his journey to Fredericksburg, where dispatches from the President caused Perkins to take the prisoner to Richmond. Here he was arraigned and tried, first for treason, then for misdemeanor, both of w hich charges he was acquited. The gravest charge proved against Burr was that he had written a letter in cypher, avowing his de sign of sciising Baton liouge as a preliminary measure, and then extending his conquests to the Spanish provinces. But this, be it remembered, was proved upon the evidence of Gen. Wilkinson, whose own skirts were not entirely free in this case. We do not wish to be regarded as an ad vocate or an admirer of Aaron Burr. While we respect his genius, we find much in his rivale character to contemn. But we must believe that the severe censure which public opinion heaped upon him, was, to say the east, over hasty; and has thrown too much odium upon his once fair name, there is .1 ,1. ft A. some trutn in me sayings oi a great, man that "Republics, at best, are ungrateful." "The evil that men do" is too apt "to live after them," while " the good is (too) often interred with their bones." Iu contemplat ting the "traitor," and the destroyer of Ham ilton, we have forgotten the man of disting uished talents and abilities the legislator, w ho has left upon the la ws of our Empire State, the impress of iriihd, the useful U. S. Senator and the Vice President of our Union. We have carried his virtues with his vices and consigned him to eternal obloquy. The historian's motto should rather be, "Fiat justitia, caelum rwat,.r" The conclusions of Mr. Pickett, as to the causes of Burr's grest unpopularity, seem to us quite just and impartial, we therefore close this article with an extract from his interest- in r work. liOne of the great secrets of political mis fortunes lay in the malevolence of politicians and fanatics; Somebody heard General Wcshington say 'Burr was a dangerous man;' therefore the world set him down as a dangerous man.' He killed Hamilton in a duel because Hamilton abused him ; there upon the world said he was 'a mnrderer.' He was a formidable rival of Jefferson's for the Presidency; thereupon the majority of the republican party said he was 'a political scoundrel? He had opposed the federal party : for tnatreason ine ieaerai parry nauiu him with exceeding bitterness. " A blund-; ering, extravagant man, named Herman Blan uerhassett, sought Burr while he was in the West, eagerly enlisted in his schemes, and invited him to his house; thereuppn Wm. Wirt said, in his prosecuting speech, that Burr was the serpent who enter-ed the garden of Eden. Georgia University Mag azine. Ci. una ym an. John Adams, being called . . 1 t 1 1 A 1 x. 1 lipOU IOI WUUIUUUVU vri wi&igmi uitomuhu, remarked. "I have nothing to give for that cause, but there are here, in this vicinity, six ministers, not one of whom will preach in the otherVjpulpit; now I will give as much and more than any one else, to civiUee these clcr- Manners of Nicholas of Russia; The Hod. G. M. Dallas, late Vice President of the United States, and Minister to Russia, tives the following reminiscences of the Czar Nicholas : No admitted merit no length of service no elevation of rank, can avert the blow with which he is ever ready to strike the culpable or disloyal. To maintain the disci pline of his troops, he is in the habit of sud denly visiting their stations without warning, and proceeding at once to their inspection when, woe to the officer or private then de teeted in fault! Ue has been known on the instant of discovering remissness or inatten tion, to tear off, with his own hands, the epaulettes and decorative badges of a veteran and favorite officer. There revels in his temperament what may be called a dash of romance, which, set off by a form of great elegance and muscular strength, gives to his actions grace, vivacity and interest. When representing the Impartial Chief, his details of grandeur and magnificence may be truly and orientally gorgeous his audience, ban quets and festivals as imposing and dramatic as those in the Arabians Nights yet often from them he breaks abruptly away travels through his kindom, unknown and unob- . i served; gaining, perhaps, admission to the palace of some tteigUbormg sovereign, under a fictitious name; or as, a mendicant by the ;harity of his Empress or, it may be, as an awkward captain of a steamer, affects to run down some lubbering captain of a small craft on the Baltic and, while supposed to be thus roaming over the Empire, alarms his ministers by suddenly presenting himself anion sr them. A few years ago, an American frigate, alike celebrated for the beauty of her pro portions, the solidity other form and quick- i of sailing, entered the harbor of Cron- stadt. Her arrival was at once eommmuni cated to Nicholas, and, before her anchor was fairly down, one of his richly ornamented steamers was observed to approach across the wide bay. The steamer stopped at about one hundred yards distance from the fritrate, and a dazzling group of officers were seen to enter a barge, the course of which was imme diately directed towards the ship. Acting' as cockswain to this barge, and seated at the stern, appeared a eonspieuous figure, with a small white cap encuroled by a red band, at tired in a single-breasted dark green frock COttt, the attire corresponding with the indi vidual's subordinate capacity, and presenting a singular contrast to the epaulettes and oth er finery of those under whose orders he seemed stationed. Always prepared to re ceive such visitors, our naval commander met them at the gangway and gave them a cordial vveleome. Among them was the Vice-Chancellor of the Empire, the Minister of Marine, and a number of admirals and general officers, who went aft in the cabin of the commodore, while their cockswain, as if conscious that he must look out for himself, walked "forward" and mingled carelessly with the common tailors. As he examined the battery and scrutinized the bulwarks, asking now and then some questions, the hardy tars, trained to discern the air and tone of real authority, instinctively touched their tarpaulin hats, and winking knowingly to each other, whispered their conviction that it " was the old boy, himself." This suspicion circulated with rapidity throughout the frigate, but no one deemed it decorous, by the slightest word or look, to in timate its existence to him who thought him self, absolutely unrecognized. After inspec thior this nroud soeeimen of our naval ar- o 1 1 chitecture and armament, the splendid caval cade re-entered their barge. And now arri ved the moment when the Commodore was to decide whether he should give the ordina rv saMte of twentv-one sruhs. or twice that - j V number, constituting an imperial salute The suspected cockswain was tfaen observed, alone, and leaning on the wheel of the steam er, as the man-of-war's heavy cannon thun dered f om her ports. He remained silent and stationary until at the sound of the twenty-second gun hestarted with surprise; gathered his officers around him and after he had explained to them that the " cute Yankees had seen through his disguise, he issued his orders for the resumption of his true character, signals were immediately no ticed to be exchanged with the surrounding forts, and ten or twelve Russian ships in the harbor. The star-spangled banner was then hoisted at the mast-head of the steamer, gracefully playing across the bows of the Ameriean shin, while everv other armed -' I", y a vessel commenced firing answering salutes When these ceased, the flag of the Union slowly descended, and Nicholas proclaimed his real presence by hoisting m its stead the standard of his house the dark double haded eagle, on a, yellow ground whose ap pearance, as if by magic, awoke the cannon both on the shore and the bay, producing the deafening roar of 2000 guns. The self-con- ifidcnce wnich lcm,g tb tlic8e characteristic movement characterizes the department of the sovereign everywhere and at all time. Our fancies are . apt to imagine him al ways moving in state, and hedging himself around with guards and attendants, with all the show and pomp of the appurtenances of tyrmny. Such is not the case. Why, the elected citizen, the King of France, with powers expressly defined and restricted, feels safe only within his palace walls, or surroun ded by his soldiers, whilst Nicholas, the un restricted and irresponsible despot, maintains, in all his intercourse with his people, the freedom and carelessness of unimportant pri vacy. He is seen at all hours in a small single-horse sleigh in an open carriage on horseback or on foot, unaccompanied and un distinguished except by those familiar with his general personal appearance or physiog nomy. Strangers often, unaware of his pres ence, pass him without respect. SONG BY E. MOSCKTON MIL27ES. I wander'd by the brook side, I wander'd by the mill, I could not bear the brook flow, The noisy w heel was still. There was no burr of grasshopper, No chirp of any bird, But the beating of my own heart, Was all the sound I heard. I sat beneath the elm tree, I watched the long, long shade, And as it grew still longer, I did not feel afraid. For I listen'd for a footfall, I listen'd for a word, But tlje beating of my own heart, Was all the sound 1 heard. He came not no, he came not, The night came on alone, The little stars sat one by one, Each on his golden throne ; The evening air passed by my cheek, The leaves above were stirr'd, But die beating of my own heart, Was all the sound I heard. Fasi silefit tears were flowing, When soermhing stood behind. A hand was on my shoulder, 1 knew its touch was kind ; It drew me nearer nearer. We did not speak a word, But the beating of our hearts Was all the sound I heard. Mijltum ih Pauvo. Perhaps the briefest personal memoirs ever written were the "Memoirs of Count Rostopchin," written in ten minutes. We subjoin a few paragraphs. each of which constitutes a " chapter." " My Birth : On the twelfth day of March, 765, I emerged from darkness into the light of day. I was measured, I was weighed, I was baptized. I was born without knowing wherefore, and my parents thanked heaven, without knowing for what. My Education : I was taught all sorts oi things, and learned all sorts of languages. By dint of impudence and quackery I some times passed for a savant. My head has be come a library of odd volumes, of which I eep the key. My Sufferings : I was tormented by mas- 1 . 1 i . 1 . -i A ters ; by tailors wii maue tignt dresses ior me ; by wdmen ; by ambition ; by self-love ; by useless regrets, and by remembrances. Memorable Epochs : At the age of thirty, I gave up dancing ; at forty, my endeavors to please the fair sex ; at fifty, my regard of public opinion ; at sixty, the trouble of think- ing ; and l nave now become a true sage, or IVY 1 egotist which is the same thing. Respectable Principles : I have never med dled in anv marriaares or scandal. I have never recommended a cook or a physician ; and consequently have never attempted the life of any one. My Dislikes : I had a dislike tb sots and fops, and to intriguing women, who make a game of virtue ; a disgust of affectation ; pity for made up men and painted women an aversion to rats, liqUora, metaphysics and rhubarb i and a terror of rustice and wild beasts. Analysis of my Life: I await death with out fear and without impatience. Mylife has been a bad melodrama on a grand stage, where I have played, the hero, the tyrant the lover, the nobleman, but never the valet. My Epitaph : Here lies, in hope of repose, an old deceased man, with a worn-out spirit, an exhausted heart and a used-np body. La r. i ; w dies and gentlemen, pass on !" The Water Lily. It is a marvel whence this perfect flower derives its loveliness and perfume, springing as it does from the black mud over which the river sleeps, and where the slimy eel and speckled frog, and the mud turtle, whom continual washing cannot cleanse, swim and creep. It is the same black mud out of which the yellow lily sucks its obscene life and noisome odor. Thus we see, too, in the world, that some persons assimilate only what is ugry and evil from the some moral circumstances which supply good and leautiful results the fragrance of celestial flowers to the daily life of others. Margaret Fuhr. John Randolph & Political Clergymen. In the Virginia convention of 1820 I1!) John Randolph thus exprfcfescd his vi with regard to the interference of the ! in politics. Hie debate was upon the q tion of excluding ministers of the gospel from the legislature. Mr. Randal " Sir, this is no exclusion on sain unt of the profession of any opinions, it is an elusion of an occupation ; incompatible with the discharge of the duties of a member either branch of the legislature. The ta 1. of legislation is at war with the duties of the pastor. The two are utterlj- incompatible. No man can mingle in legislative cabals ; I say no man can touch that pitch without ing defiled. No man can so employ himself without being disqualified for those sacred duties v.hich every minister of the gospel takes upon himself, and f r which he is a countable, not to his constituents at home, bat to the Cod who made him, and who will call him to a much more rigorous account than that he rendeis to his jMuinhionei Sir, there is an indecency in this thing. We hear much about the exclusion of the ladits; but there is not greats indecency and incompatibility in a woman tin listing herself into a political assembly and all cabals, than a clergyman Undertaking the same thing. One of the greatest masters of the human heart, and of political philosophy too, declares that the French are in their man ners more deferential to woman than any oth er nation ott earth. Let me illustrate this. The Turk shows he values his wife by lock ing her up. It is to be sure a mistaken mode: but he shows that he estimates the value of the treasure by putting hgr under lock and key. The Frenchman permits his wile ( mingle in political affairs; and if Madame. Roland had not been engaged in such affairs, Madame Roland would never have a euded the scaffold. If women will ttnsex them selves, and if priests (what shall I say '.) will degrade themselves by mingling in sc and in affairs for which their function n them Improper aiid unfit, they must tak-- the consequences. If ladies will plunge Into the affairs of men they will lo.ie all the deference which they now enjoy; they will ba treated roughly, like men. Just so it is with priests : they lose all the deference which b which is paid to their office (win merit it or not.) Rely upon it, if j priests to be made members of th and ture, they will soon constitute a Iai o f aft your assemblies. And it has been truly said that no countries are so ill gov erned as those w hich were ruled by the coun sels of women, except such as have been governed by the counsels of priests." Come when the Biros Sing. Prof. Cald- will, of Dickerson College, a short time bo- ore his death, said to his wife : ' Yyu will not , am sure, he down on your bed and w when I am gone. And when you visit the spot were I lie, do no chooaeasad and in. urn- ful time; do not go in the shades of evening or in the dark of night. These are no times to visit the grave of one who hopoa and trusts in a risen Redeemer! Come. d wife, in the bright sunshine, and w hen the birds are singing S" What a beautiful illus tration these words contain ! Come in morning of sunshine, when the notes of the harmless birds are heard, come not in the dark shades of evening when the mournful notes of frogs and the Whippoorvvill will fill the graveyard. The former representing glorious Resurrection of the righteous, and the latter that of the wicked. Think of it. A BkautHt'ui Pictvbe. lhe wish w upon his own soil, wuo feels that by (I which he lives, by the laws of civilized he is the rightful and exclusive own land he tills, is by the constitution of ture under a wholesome influence m imbibed fiom any other source, H other things being equal more stron another, the character of a man as thi an inanimate world. Of this great ami ful sphere, which, fashioned by the han and upheld by his power, is rolling thr heavens, a part is his ; his from the cen sky. It is the spat ou which the go before moved In rts round of duties, os; himself connected by a link with low, and to whom he is to transmit a Perhaps bis farm has come down to I his father. They hare gone to thiir last homo can trace their footsteps over the daily labors. The roof which shelter reared by those to wnom ne ov Some interesting tradition is nerte. ery inclosure. The favorite trai t was p his fathers hand, tie s parted m hoyh the brook which still winds thn ,h the Through the field lies the path to tl school of earlier days. lie stlii I window the voice of the Sabbath b called bis father to the house of God ; at hand is the spot vvliere his parents ! to rest, and where, when his lime has shall be laid by his children. These hi ings of the owner of the soil. Wo, Mini them ; they flow out of the taias ox the heart j they are t tit.' $ptthy and genetous national churat ward Everett.