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VOL. 10. YAZOO CITY, MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1854. NO. 43. YAZOO QEHQFCRAT V. S. K P P E R S O N.KD I T O R. Exposure of tlie KnoW Nothiufrs. The Licking Herald has penetrated the adytum of this mysterious system oi' intoler ance. It reveals some of the forms and cere monies, It speaks by the book in the follow ing article : Who are the "Know Nothings?". What they are is pretty well known - and we intend it shall be better known. The fol lowing obligation, which is taken by the numbers, on the opening of each regular meeting, discloses the main object, we pub lish it as it is piinted in "the bowk," with the m:i;ks that our "Know Nothing" friends may easily recognize it; 1 i hereby solemnly swear! eternal fi delity to ihe vows I have taken in this order g utso swear J that I will advance ihf intpresisg1 n every naiie-b rn American citizen jj especudl) the mem'.vrsof this rderfl to the entire and ab solute exclusion i f all miens and foreigner?! an I more espe -iail. those who belong to or ap prove i f jj tlie Roman Ca liulic faith So help me God." But who are they ? Let the following ex tract from article II of their Constitution, an swer this question, in part : 'No person shall be proposed as a member of this order units- he be a while male of g od mor al charade-, of the age f twenty years, a belie ve r of the Supreme Being, and born tciihin Ihe limits of the Untied States of America.'' The parents and at least one of the graiid pa rents of ail candidates must have been burn within the United Statfs.1' This shows, to some extent, who they ate, and we dare an v acknowledged "Know Noth ing" to deny the genuineness of our extracts 001 their Constitution and obligations. They know that we know them. To any Minister of tue Gospel, or mem ber of a Christian Church, who belongs to the ' Know' Nothings," did you, when you were initiated into the Order, receive the following charge from the "Instructor ?" " iBtSTBOCnoif. My Brothers: The Order which has now received you as members, may with all propriety be considered a secret organi zation. It is su secret, in fact, that if you were placed before a long tribunal and there sworn to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, you could not, for your li ves, reveal t!e name f that band of brothers among whom your name now stands enrolled ; and further than this, when you retire from this meeting you will return to your families and friends as ignor ant as when you came, so far as the name of this Order is concerned, in mnimon with ourselves you -know nothing,' and let it be your stern res oluiton through life to 'know-nothing,' &c." You will see by this quotation that we K now something ; and now, if you ploi, (and whether you please or not,) we propose to put you a few questions. Did you, upon receiving the second degree in the order of "Know Nothings," take an obligation, of which the following is a part: " And I further promise and swear jj that I wll strictly conform to and abide j by the oath 1 have now taken, aud that I will strict obedience pay j to the constitution, K lawsjj rulesjj ritual and edicts of the honorable Grand Council of this order, of the State of Ohio. and of the by-laws of Council, No. . to which I now belong, jj or to those of any other Grand or Sub ordinate Council from which 1 miy hereafter haif, J bin ling myself under the no !e-s penalties th ui are attached or belong to those w ho s. iolate the oath of the first decree of the or ter." Are the instruction you received a part of the "laws, rules, ritual, and edicts of the honorable Grand Council t" If thnya; e, did you not "promise and swear" that you would lie on all occasion-, throughout your life, on all subject.- connec ted witi: ;he order, and even "if yon we e placed before a legal tribunal and sworn, to tell the truth, the whole truth, .nid must, !' : your lives," co nmit perjury ! ibis Avill do for to-dav. You will see bv thfl mwa.;,n. j ikU k' ,. w auu lu juiu no vuuj ks mm sj w j we quote from " the book," and this is only a beginning of what we propose to open upon this subject. CouaAGEOus Duelists. Weston, of face tious memory, having borrowed on note the sum of five pounds, and failing in pay men;, the gentleman who had lent the money took occasion to talk about it in a public ooffee house, Avhich caused Weston to send- him a challenge. Being in the field, the gentleman, a little flatter in point of courage, offeied him the ote to make it up; to which our hero readi y consented, and had the note delivered. "But now," said the gentleman, "if we should return without fighting, our compan ions will laugh at us ; therefore let us give one another a slight scratch, and say we wounded each other,'pr "With all my heart, says Weston, "come, I'll wound you first." So, drawing his sword, he whipped it through the fleshy part of his- antagonist's arm till be brought tho very tears into his oyes. This done and the wound tied uj with a handkerchief. -"Come," said tho gentleman, "wJere ahall I wound you V Weston, putting himself in a posture of defence, repnea, "Where you can, sir; where you can.' From the JV. Y. Courier and Enquirer.) A VISIT TO SIR Witt. II A HI I, TO. Edikbukg, July 15. The uame of Sir Win. Hamilton is not uukuown fo many in Anforica, but of few men who have distin guished themselves in tho world of letters is there so little personally known. The great master of critique, as Mr. Cousin once called him in conversation with us, has lived a quiet life whose even tenor lias not been broken by adventures that attract the attention and oh turn the imagination of the crowd. The man who is regarded in Europe as the most erudite philosophic scholar of our times, as the head of the great Scotch school of meta physicians lu spent his days thus far in the midst of his oooks, fulfilling sweet nd social duties, shunning rather than court inj the o gaze of the world. Those who run after noisy orators, and are charmed by the exploits of a military hero, mays never h:iye heard oi' his name, or if, peu-hj.oee, it has leen pro nounced in their ears, to it no significance is attached, and with it is associated no idea of influence and power. The thinker, however, whether we observe him or not, rules the wodd. An abstraction, a naked tiuth, a pure thought, eternal fact, that something w hich reason conceives but does not create, is the most potent and practical of things. "Above all," says the most penetrating critic of our times, "it is eveF to be kept in mind, that not by material, but by moral power, are men and their actions governed ! How noiseless is thought! No rolling of drums. no tramp of baggage wagons attend its movements; in what obscure and sequestra ted places may the head be meditating which is one day'-to be crowned with more than im perial authority, for kings and emperors will be among its ministering servants ; it will not rule over but in all heads, and with those its solitary' combinations of ideas, as with magic formulas, bend the world to its will." Sir Wm. Hamilton distinguished himself when a youth at Glasgow University, receiv ed there a bursary, studied at Oxford, became an advocate at Edinburgh, read Aristotle aud the scholastics, instead of hunting after briefs, wrote a metaphysical article for the Eain burgh Review, which attracted attention, and was the means, in fact, of his being appoint ed to the chair of logic and metaphysics in the University of Edinburgh a chair which he has filled with honor in the capital of a country justly proud of the names of Hutch eson, Smith, Reid, Stewart and others. He is now apparently about sixty five years ol age, and although his body has been para lysed on one side, his mind retains all its freshness and vigor. Few meu have labo.t: so hard as he. Tho whole field of metaphy sical literature has been explored, from the dawn of philosophy to the present hour. With incredible patience and tireless energy he has waded through whole seas of dusty tomes in many different lanauagcs. Carlyle once remarked to us that when he was a stu dent at Edinburgh, he was accustomed to stand for hours on a certain corner, looking in at Hamilton's window, worshipping' him as he sat reading his huge folios. And Car lyle's admiratian was well returned, after an interval of many years, by the great Scotch metaphysician, who read the French Revolu tion through at a single sitting. Surely the face of giants has not wholly dis.ippe.ued from the World. I arrived in E -linburghtoo late to find Sir William ';t 16 Great King street, his tow n o, and therefore was obliged to make a joiiUfey toargo, whither he goes on the Ire fi king up of 'the classes in the Universi y Largo is on the coast, about eleven in; lea from St, At. U'ws, towards iuiinburgh. Ihe laoe was reached alter a three hours ride on a wretched coasting steamer, Avhich afforded no shelter from the wind and rain. The Frith was very rough, and a roily scomaeh, a wet back, and a dull head, Avere hot very good preparatives for the difficulties that pre sented themselves on landing. Nobody on ihe wfuuf had ever hoard of such a man as Sir William Hamilton. I thought that in a respectable looking hotel, not far distant,, some information would surely begaiued. Waiters and landlord, however, were sure that there Avas no such laird' in Scotland, still less in Largo. Various shop-keepers were inquired of with like ill success. Fi nally I gave up all hope of finding the object of my visit, and was inclined to belieA-e that I had been laboring under some hallucina tion, and in a vexed mystic state of mind half doubted even my own existence. While waiting for the steamer to return, for the want of something else to do I Avandared along the hard sand beach nearly a mile, lis tening to the breaking of the waves, repeat ing to myself a thousand times, as if my ve ry tongue was enthralled a phrase from Eschvlus Pontion te kumaton ctnerithmpn gelasmdy literally, of ocean waves the mul titudipous laughter, At length I stopped and entered mto conversation with a fisher man who was mending his net. Ho was en dowed by nature with a keen intelligence, and complained that he was under the uo. cessity of "casting his mind, like his net, in the sea for any chance fishes, and could not spend the day reading books, like the lame 'laird' who lived in the house just on the bank yonder, with a flag before it." The lame laird was the key to the whole mystery. I never stopped to bid the fisher man a good moruing, but walked rapidly to the door of the house and rung. "Is Sir Wm. Hamilton in?" "He is," with conside rable hesitation. "Please hand hira my card." I was left standing in the hall but a short time, before the servant reappeared and requested me to walk up. Lady Hamilton soon made her appearance, and said that she was very glad I had come to see Sir William without sending him word, for he was always glad to be taken unawares, and did not like to anticipate a visit. Sir William now enter e l the room, supporting himself on a crutch, moving slowly and with a nervous caution. After carefully seating himself in a large rni- hair, he extended his hand, & enquired after my health, about my object in visiting Scotland, how I liked fhe country, etc. The palsy had also affected his tongue. To un derstand what he said was very 'difficult at first, and to ask him to repeat his words seem- d to annoy him much. Lady Hamilton, whose ear was accustomed to his palsied ac cent, watched the expression of my face, and repeated his words when they were not un derstood, She was near him like a good min istering angel anticipating all his wants. Such she hds been to him during a laborious life, a fife not without trials. Indeed she is one of the best Avomeu whose kindly face has ever blessed my eyes, whose gentle words have fallen sweetly on my ears. For the past half-dozen years, since Sir William has been partially helpless from the effects of patsy, she has even surpassed the gentleness of Avoman in ministering to his Avants, and for this the world owes her a debt of grati tude, inasmuch as her hand has recorded the thoughts of the great philosopher, whose en ergy of souljiaralysis of body has not been able to reach. Without fortune and without rank, she Avas chosen by one whose heredita ry title, surpassing manly beauty, and purity, of life, might have enabled him to choose among the highest in the kingdom. So the spouse of a philosopher may be the antithe sis of Xantippe. - After conversing nearly an hour I rose to fake mv leave. Sir William said that he had not yet finisltcd his worni tig's woxk, but his son Avould go and walk with me, and I must dine with him, or he should think that f was tired of him. I was very glad to obey. Lie tbefiisaHed his son, Mr. Hubert Hamil ton, who has also distinguished himself at j Glasgow and is now a student at Oxford. A most amiable young man he is, looking more like his another than his father, and with her acting as amanuensis to Sir William, who can only write laboriously Avith his left hand. We had a long pleasant walk, returning in time for dinner at five o'clock. There Avere at dinner a daughter about fifteen years of age, a noble looking young lady, the very picture of her father and another son, ten of twelve years old, the brightest boy that I have ever seen. A vacant place there was a son was in India, to Avhofn the mother, al-. juded with a plaintive voice a A'oice inform ed with that affection which has a fountain in every mother's breast. Sir Win. Avas cheerful, and lost nothing in dignity by re ceiving the kindly assistance of Lady Hamil ton. A neighboring lady and her two daughters came after dinner to drthk tea and spend the evening. The young people proposed that Sir William and myself should stop talking metaphysics, and join in their sport. The amusement required that each one should choose a trade or profession. One of the young ladies then read aloud from a book, suspending her voice on -arriving at a noun, in the place of which each in turn substitu ted a word pertai ing to his trade or profes sion. Sir William was a tailor. The young est son was a shoemaker, and he introduced tho terms of his craft in such a sprightly droll manner, that it made the narrative read most amusincdv ridiculous. He and his father , 0 were the last to give over The cofitest be tween the old snip aud the young snob was vigorous and long, but either fortune or a more lenerthv vocabulary, favored the youth- ful combatant, and the great philosopher agreed that the needle was not a match for the awl. Hamilton's presence, like the reading of his books, gives one an impression of power, His head, with the exception of Welter's, is the finest that I have ever seen, Hja eye looks you through, and behind it vjbl soul whose depth can be sounded by no ordinary plummet He has a large, powerfulframe, whickhas been crushed beneath the weight of wholetons of folio books. He gave me his portrait, which is a fair shadow of the man, recalling his lofty ample torenead, pene trating efev and noble manly face. At ten o'clock the next morning I returned by appointment, from ray hotel, to breakfast with Lady Hamilton. Sir William, accord ing to his custom, had been upvery late the previous night with his books in philosophic meditation, and had not made his appearance He had written a note of introduction for me to Professor Fenier, Avho fills the Chair of Philosophy at St. Andrews, and who is a son-in-law of the late Professor Wilson. I left the hospitable house of tho great philosopher, grateful to Heaven that there are upon earth, even in these utilitarian times, men of kingly intellect and saintly heart, who spend their lives in active Avorship of the first True, first Beautiful, and first Good, to whom a new ac cession of truth from the living God is of in finitely more moment than all possible acqui sition of gold. SCALIGER, " It is the gift of poetry to hallow every place in which it moves; to breathe round na ture an odor more exquisite than the perfume of the rose, and to shed over it a tint more magical than the blush of morning." Woman's Love. Like a wdter li I ly floating, Unconscious, cold and Avhite, All its snowy lea es unfolding. In the bosom of the night. Her soul lies in its vastiness, On the stilly waves of life, Till love breaks up their waters, To Avild and sparkling striie. There it sways in its deep happiness, As the buds heave, to and fro ; While the pal pi '.a ting sunbeams Feed on their kindling snow ; Its Ivdiest depths grow luminous, lis strings are rich with tune, And die visions floating through it, Have ibe rosiuesiof June. Her life grows bright aud glorious. Her faith is deep and strong, And thoughts swells on it like music Set to a heavenly song; Her heart has twined its being, And awakes from its repose, Asa flower begins to tremble When its chalice overflows. Then she feels a new existence. Fur the loveless do not live 1 The brs'. wealth of the universe Is tier's to keep and give ; Wealth, richer than golden veins That jields their blood to toil, And brirhier than the diamond lights That barn within the soil. Stick to seme one Pursuit. There cannot be a greater error than to be fre quently changing one's business. If any man Avill look around aud notice who have got rich and who have not, out of those lie started in life Avith, he Avill find that the successful have gen erally stuok to'sotne one pursuit. Two laAvyere for example begiu to practice at the. same time. One devotes his whole mind to his profession, lays in slowly a stock of legal learning, and waits patiently it my be for years, till he gains an op portunity to show his superiority. The other tiring of such slow work, dashes into politics. Generally, at the. end of twenty years, the latter will not be worth a penny, Avhile the former will haven handsome practice, and count his tens o thousands in bank stock or motgages. Tavo clerks attain a maj rity simultaneously. One remains with his former employers, or at least in the same line of trade, at first on a, small salary, then on a larger, until finally, if he is meritori ous, he is taken into partnership. The other thinks it beneath him to fill a subordinate posi tion, now thai he has become a man, and accord ingly starts in some other business on his OAvn account, or undertakes a new firm in the old line of trade. Where does he end ? Often in insol" vency, rarely in riches. To this every merchant an testify. A young man is bred a mechanic, e acquires a distaste for his trade, howeA-er; thinks it is a tedious AA-ay to get ahead, and sets out for the West or for California. But, in most casps. the same restless, discontented, and specu- ative spirit Avhich carried him away at first, ren- lers continuous application atany one place irk some to him ; aud so he goes wandering about the Avorld, a sort of semi-civilized Arab, really a vagrant in character, and sure to Ke insoh'ent. Meantime his fellow apprentice, " fho has staid at home, practising economy, and working stead ily at his trade, has groAvn comfortable in his cir cumstances and is eA-en perhaps a citizen mark. There are men of ability, in every walk of life, who are notorious for never getting along. Us jially it is because they never stick to any one business. Just when they have mastered one pursuit, and are on the point of making money, they change it for another, which they do not understand j and, in a littlejJwhile, what little thev are Avorth is lost foreA'er. W e know scores of such persons. Go Ayhere you will, you will generally find that the men who have failed in j , W k ' x. ' life are those who never stuck to one thing long Philadelphia JLcdger. Boundary Commission. Ihe neV boundary commission, under the able superintendence of Liaut. Col. Emory, will set out on the20th of this month for the Rio Grande, thence to contin ue the boundary line agreeable to the prodsions of the late treaty Avith Mexico- Col. Emory has done pretty much the whole scientific work of the late boundary commission, under the treaty of Gaudalupe Hidalgo, arid has prepared a work on the subject, which, in point ol accuracy of as tronomical details, topography, and illustration of natural history, it is said, will transcend any thing heretofore published in the United States, or, indeed, in Europe, The famous William 1?enn had a scape grace relation, whom our punning ancestors described as a pen that had been "often cut, hot never mended " Southern Education. The Savannah (Ga.) Republican Chroni cles some items, for tho authenticity of which it vouches, showing how high the anti-slavery feeling is running at New Haven, par ticularly in Yale College, which was formerly a favorite resort for Southern youth, to be ed ucated. Four years ao a gentleman of Sa vannah placed his son at Sing Sing, near New York, preparatory to his admission into Yale College. This summer, tho mother of tho lad went on for the purpose, among other things, of taking him to NewHavea and see ing him properly matriculated. On arriving there, hoAvever, she found the prejadices against the South so strong, both in the Col lege and in the town, and the color&fr popu lation so insolent, that she determined at once that that was not a. proper place for a South ern man to be educated Accordingly, after consulting her husband by telegraph, they have decided, and most Aviselyia our opinion, to enter their sou at Franklin College, in their own State. It is stated, on the same authority, 4hat there are at this time only eighty students at Yale from the South. So thoroughly tainted have the officers of the College become with the virus of abolitionism, that the faculty hesitated for some time before they would grant a diploma to a Southern student who undertook in his speech, at the late oom raencoment, a defence of the institution of his homo. It is stated also, to be probable the Iter. Mr. Stiles, a native of the South, md we'l knowuin Savannah as one of the most elo quent divines of tho day, will have to give up his church in New Haven on account of the anti-slavery feeling of his congregation. It is said that many of the oldest and most respectable members of his church are giv ing up their pews, simply because he i9 a native of the South aud not an abolitionist t Such facts as these ousrht to demonstrate to the people of this section, at least tho pro priety of patronizing their own institutions of learning. The ad vantages of an education at the older colleges of the North, will not com pensate one for tho wrongs and the insolence to which he is subjected, to the systematic assaults whiclf ho must submit to every day, or be perpetually wearied in resisting and resenting attacks upon the honor of kindred and the security of all he holds dear. The evil is ot.e of tho most portentoussigns of the times, and marks, mora than any of the truculent manifestations of public meet ings of demagogues striving for political capital, how deep is the breach which the fiery fanaticism of the times has opened be tween the North and the South. The facts are becoming too frequent and too glaring to be overlooked ; and the lesson which they teach ought to be treasured and improved in every Southern community. 1he causes of this groAving alienation, and the remedies, if any, are theories which would task the most subtle intellect to search out and ex pound clearly. But the fact of its existence ias one plain and unmistakeablo teaching. It was altvays the true "wisdom of the South, as it is the true wisdom of every oomrauni ty everywhere, to educate its own youth and train them from the first to the social habits and pursuits which are to be theirs in after ife. It is at all times a confession of men tal inferiority to depend altogether for the cultivation of tho Southern mind upon insti tutions-out of itfcgwn limits, even when there did not exist any special causes of offence or any distinct and increasing antagonism of eling exhibited therein against the South. It wdtdd be our duty, and should be our pride, to build up institutions for education and sem inaries for learning among ourselves, without such provocation as we afe now constantly receiving to withdraw our youth from insult, irriation and contamination. Much more, therefore should these motives have influences over us, while their interior pressure exists and is growing more insolent and more mis chievous daily. We ought not to have need ed such incitements to husband our rosoarces at home, build up and endow our own col leges and seats of learing, and train up and support teachers for our own youth. But these incitements come now in aid of the promptings of the most sedate and dispas sionate judgment, and accumulate upon us mntlroft for fostering abetter home nolicv and " v . ... . 7 P i f j establishing and using our own scnooisanu colleeriate institutions, and in devoting our en ergies and means,, to make them fit for these hifjh duties HOW SHE FELT WHEN FIRST KISSEn. A ld friend of ours says the first time she was kissed bva" felloAv." she felt like a bia tub of roses swimming in honey, colonge, nutmeg and hack- nernes. She also lelt as li some' mug was run ning through her nerves on feet of diamonds, es corted by several little Cupids in chariots drawn by angels, sliaded honey suckles, the whole spread by melted rainbows. Jerusalem, what poAver there is in s full-breasted kiss ! Exchang . A eood man's heaven commences hem. The same may be said of a wicked man's hell. To taste of Paradise, all that is necessary is to taste of virtue. There is more sunshine in one good act than m all the solar systems ever invented. J There's a bit of good truth in thst, too. Calhoun and Wcbltcr. The Richmond Enquirer makes the fol -lowing comparison between thoaotwo distin guished Americans, founded on an exarnina tion of their writings : "The workt of Wei ster and Calhoun are distinguished by ch acteristios.of matter and of form, which fldetrtly explain their different reception by the public In many instances the intelh ual efforts of the former were avowedly for mere display. Witness his orations at Bun ker Hill and Plymouth Rock. And we ven ture to say that the popularity of Webster's works is due to his productions of this char letyBr, while his more profound disqui' itions on government and hit discussions of meas ures of public policy are neglected, or lead onlyby an esoterio circle of disciples and personal admirers. As to form, it is notori ous that Mr. Webster was a very nice and Scrupulous in regard to tho rhetorical finish of his writings, and that he conned populari ty by all the graces and embellishinents of style. The imperious intellect of Calhoun, on tho contrary, didained to propitiate pop ular applause by decking itself in the trap pings of literary ornament. Such was tbw gravity and intense earnestness of his charac ter, that he Avould never condescend to mera display; and he was so thoroughly impress ed with the great truths committed to him for utterance, that he had no thought for any thing besides the immediate object of dis charging the burden which rested on his soul. He was as one having a momentous mes sage to communicate, and he did not stay to consider the grace and manner best adapted to theatrical effect. The region in which ho habitually soared was far cbovethe flight of ordinary politicians; and he was sustained and animated by an imr .ilse of inspiration rather than by any selfush aspiration of pow er and applause, .The characteric of Mr. Calhoun's writings is intense thought. mind pressed forward to its nause or agression. 1 -9 T I w to oomprthend him vrUfroot constant atlui. tion and severe intellectual tllurt. And, herlfie again, the comparative neglect of hi- worksl Size or the Anir. In'.il 1 -i hai tad to the size oftho ark, and have asserted that it is quite absurd to suppose thr could be a vessel constructed large enough hold att4the creatures w hich Rinsi have beeu placed in it, with sufficient food it may be for six or twelve montns Aval-r for the es, corn for the four-foo',cd animals, seed for the birds and so on. Now Ave will take the dimensions of tho ark from th ord of Moses, and calculate them on the lowest pos sible scale. There are two definitions of a cubit f one that it is eighteen inches, or a 4bot and half; the other that it is one foot and eight inches. We will take it only at the lowest. Moses states that the ark was three hundred cubits long; this Avould mak j it four hjindred and fifty feet long, or about the length of St, Paul's Cathedral, Loudon. The breadth he states to bo fifty cttbits; av then have it seventy-five feet in breadth. Ho states it to be thirty cubits high ; so that it was forty-five feet in height. In other words, it was as long as St. Paul's Cathedral, near ly as broad and half as high. Tho tonnago of the ark, according to the Cfdculation of modern carpenters, muxtnavo been thirty two thousand tons. The largest English ships, of a size unimaginable to those who have never seen it, is two thousand five hun dred tons burden ; so that the ark must have been equal to seventeen first rate ships of war, and if armed as sucn ships are, it would have contained beyound eighteen thousand men, and provision for them for eighteen months. Buffon has asserted that all four footed animal may be reduced to two hun dred and fifty pairs, and the birds to a still smaller number. On calculating, thereforo we shall find that the ark would have held more than five times the nec ssary number of creatures, and more than five tiHHbre qnired fjtiantity-of food to maintain them for twelve months. Dr. Cummmgs, Thb State of Russia. A letter from Leipsic, in the Paris Monileut , gives the follow ir picture of the condition of the poorer St. Petersburg : "Letters from St. Peteieburg gh gloomy picture of the situation of Uu classes in Bussis. The privations 1 loo my Iks in I very orkiog ch the ly leu, dear- ldiers in the urage- war imposes on the population are sen especially in the capital, on account of nessof conA-eyance by laud during Provisions of all kinds, even bread, ly dear. The wives and children o of the reserve and of the veterans I them into the towns. They er streets, and live on public charity! ment is everywhere. There is but in the store-bouses of the governr, vate manufactories will soon be o pend their operations on account fuel. It is more than doubtful that, as Has been stated, a coal mine has been din Rus sia. The celebrated English ir R aricn ruurcuison. - w ware vna such a discovery is impossible,'"