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PRINTED AND PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING, BY EPPERSON & JONES, MAIN STREET. VOL. 10. YAZOO CITY, MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER-18, 1854 NO. 50. YAZOO DEMOCRAT, V. S. EPPERSON, EDITOR. RESOLUTIONS OF THE NEW YORK WHIGS- CON VENTION, JttfiLD AT SYRACUSE. We commented in our last issue ou these resolutions. To-day we spread them before our readers. To the attention ot the Southern Whigs we especially commend tlrem, and if they do not find in them all the odious lineaments of rank Freesoilism then, indeed, must they be as blind as bats and as dull as beetle. These resolutions constitute the great platfoim on which the Northern Whig party will form for the can vass of 185G. Italics, our own. 1st Resolved, That the Whigs of New York cherish now, a they ever have done, a cordial and immovable attachment to the fed eral Union aml,to the Constitution as having been framed and ordained to establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, promote the gen eral welfare and secure the blessings of lib erty to ourselves and posterity, hid that they will resist any attempt from any quarter to divide the one or to violate the other, or to divert either from the beneficent purposes for which they were established. -2d. Resolved, That the passage by the f ra nters of the Constitution and the founders of the republic of the ordinance of 1 87, clearly establish as a cardinal principle with them that slavery should be forever prohibited from the Territories of the United States. 3d. Resolved; Tliat tee cordially approve of the firm and manly stand of the Whig senators of the State of New York in defence -of the riyhts of the free States and the main tenance of llie principles and policy of the Whiy party, and Uiat we tender our grateful thanks to those members of Congress who re sisted with fixed fidelity the breach of public faith in volved in the repeal of the Msouri compromise. 4th. Resolved, TJtat by the act repealing the Missouri compromise tec field thai we are forever discharged from all obligations to sup port any compromises with slavery except such as are contained in the Constitution of the United States, and especially that we are forever released from all obligations to admit into our Union any State whose Constitution sustains or permits slavery. 5th. Resolved, That the recent action of Congress, stimulated and approved by the President, whereby the compact commonly known as the Missouri compromise, is repu diated, and the vast Territory known as the Kansas and Nebraska is opened to slavery, has already received the unqualified condem nation ofJBfce Whigs of New York, and we point icith satisfaction and pride to the fact that not a single member of either House of Congress from this or any other free State, yielded any sort of support, countenance, or favor to that most unjust and unrighteous proceeding. 6th. Resolved, That a measure so perva ding and momentous in i ts scope and influ ence, vitally affecting the reputation and des tiny of our whole country, as the establish ment or introduction of human slavery throughout a portion of the National Do main larger than the old thirteen States can with propriety be referred to no tribunal less exacting and commanding than that com- c , v posed of the whole American people, and-we protest against its provisions, under the false and deceptive cry of popular sovereignty, from this unjust tribunal to one composed of a few hundreds or thousands of squatters who may encamp in said Territory, as a pal pable dereliction from duty u ider a pretext to mislead any but those anx ous to be delu ded and eager to be led astray. 7th. Resolved, That against the principles involved in the Nebraska bill, in their appli cation either to territory now belonging to the Union, or hereafter to be acquired, the Whigs of New York will struggle with equal resolution and confidence that they cannot receive the sanction of the American people, and in their struggle we unite in the co-opera tion on terms of equality and fraternity of all sincere and earnest champions of free soil and free labor. gth. Resolved, That in the recent veto of the River and Harbor bill, we perceive a le gitimate consequence of that political dog ina which regards war and conquest as the principal business of government and esteems all devotion of public resources and energies to extend the domain of industry, and cher ish the arts of peace as a violation of public dilty ; and we trust this malign veto will open many eyes to the truth that the policy it in dicates involves its supporters in a perpetoal collision with the public welfare and a war on coffiiaofl sense. 9th. Resolved, That we congratulate the people of this State on the final triuujph, long and disastrously delayed by political hostility to the Whig policy, which seeks the speedy completion of tho State canals, and upon the restoration of the credit of the State which has followed the economical and judicious efforts of a Whig administration of its finances, and that its executive power should no longer rest in hands which have proved harmless for good and efficient only in thwarting and defeating the popular will. 10th. Resolved, That the indications of a purpose on the part of the champions of sla very, made manifest through their recogni sed representatives and countenanced by the organs of the federal administration, to re store the African slave trade is sufficient to excite apprehension and alarm in the mind of every friend of humanity, and that the Whigs of New York take this timely oppor tunity to declare that they will resist, at every hazard, and to the last extremity, every effort to drag down this free republic by such a step from the proud position which it holds among the civilized and Christian nations of the earth as the first to prohibit that inhu man traffic and to brand it as pirac 11th. Resolved, That the executive depart ment of the federal government ought no longer to be vested in .the hands of men who wield its patronage and influence for the the aggrandisement of slavery and the ex tension of its political power and that the Whigs of New York will labor to the utmost to effect the overthrow of the administration which has proved so reckless to duty, and is iegardlessof the rights and interests of the Union, and to elect a President with whom fidelity to freedom shall not be a perpetual disqualification for the public service. FRANKLIN AND THE WIGS. On Franklin's arrival at Paris, as Plenipo tentiary of the United States, duringthe Rev olution, the King expressed a wish to see him immediately. As there was no going to tho Court of France in those days without permission of the wig-maker, a wig-maker, of course, was sent for. In a few minutes, a richly dressed Monsieur, with his arms folded in a prodigious .muff of furs, and a long sword by his side, made his appearance. He was the King's wig maker, with a servant in livery with a long sword by his side, too, and a load of sweet-scented band-boxes, full of "de wig," as he said, "de superb wig for le great Doctor Franklin." One of the wigs was tried on a world too small ! Band-box after band-box was tried, but with ill-success. The wig maker fell into a most violent rage -to the extreme mortification of Dr. Frank lin, that a gentleman so bedecked with silks and perfumes Should, notwithstanding, be such a child. Presenth-, however, in all the transport of a great discoverer, the wig-maker cried out that he knew wbjrc the fault lay net in his wig, as tesmall: "Oh, no !" said he, "my wig no too small, but de Doctor's head too big great deal too big, by gar !" Franklin, smiling, replied that the fault could hardly lie there, for that his head was made by Almighty Ood himself, who was not subject to err, Upon this, the wig maker took in a little; but still he contend ed that there must be something the matter with Dr. Franklin's head. It was at any rate out of "de fashion." He begged Dr. Franklin would "please for remember dat his head had not de honeer to be made in Paree. No, by gar ! for if it had been made in Paree, it no bin more dan half such A head. None of de French Noblesse have anything like this. Notde great Duke D'Or leans, nor de grand Monarch himself, had half such a head-as Dr. Franklin ; and I do not see what business any body has wid a head more big dan de head of de grand mon arch 1" Pleased to see the wig-maker recov er his good-httmor, Dr. Franklin could not find it in his heart to put a check j his childish rant, but related one of his fine an ecdotes, which struck the wig-maker with such an idea of his wit, that, as he retired, bowing most profoundedly, he shrugged his shoulders, and with a most significantly arch look, said : "Ah, Dr. Franklin !. Dr. Frank lin ! I no wonder your head too big for my wig. By gar, I find your head too big for all de French nation !" The following recipe for making a modern re public is not a bad bit : 4 'Take half a hundred seedy vagabonds, with nothing but a life apiece to lose, a bag of bread ancl bacon; one caved in" lawyer, pistols and whisky, ad libitum, one strong-minded woman, two yards of red and white bunting, to be well shaken in the interior of a small fishing smack for ten days, from whence eject upon the shores of a bowling wilderness. Season with decrees of bombast and fustian proclam:ong j derdasb, and t article will be found to be genu- I inef though a preparation bad to swallow. The following sketches are takejj. from a new work entitled "Party Leaders;" By J. O. Baldwin. JACKSON. "The first man in resolution and in the community in which he lived, ho did not so much rise to tho command of the warlike troops, that flocked to the first standard un furled in the young settlements, as the com mand naturally came to him ; so, by native allegiance to greatness, the weak in distress and terror turn, through instinct, for safety to tho strong. Putting himself at the head of his raw recruits, he moved upon the Indi an camps and conquered, as easily as he found the enemy. His work was as thorough as swift. He did nothing by halves. A war with him was nearly an extermination. It was always a complete destruction of the pow er of the foe. He took no security from an enemy except his prostration. He closed the war at New Orleans by one of the most signal victories, everything considered, upon record. But to do this, he assumed powers and responsibilities from which Nelson might have shrunk. But the event sanctified the means, if those were indeed equivocal. Ar- buthnot and Ambi ister were hung in Florida, notwithstanding the verdict of a court mar tial; and the Spanish flag was no protection to those, who, under it,concocted designs against his country. His military career was short but brilliant. Without any military training or education, he discovered talents of the first order for arms, and brought raw malitiamen to the strict subordination of the regular ser vice. He was a rigid disciplinarian. He tol erated no license or disobedience in the camp. He could sit beside a sick soldier all night, and share his last crust with him as with a brother ; and shoot him the day after for sleeping on bis post. "Jackson was an enthusiast; not a flaming zealot, but one of the Ironsides. He was built of the Cromwell stuff, without Crom well's religiousnaticism. He had but lit tle toleration foffiuinan weakness4 He was incredulous of impossibilities. He was no patient hearer of excuses. Before his -irre pressible energy difficulties had vanished, and he could not see why it was not so with oth ers. He could not see why the Seminoles could not be driven out of Florida into the sea, as easily as he drove the Creeks mto the Coosa. The spirit of a conqueror was his in a double measure. Upon the work in hand he concentrated all his powers, girded up his loins, strained every muscle, and put forth every energy of mind and soul and strength. He had no thought of failure. The world around was a blank to him except as the the theatre on which he acted, and meat and drink, and air and light were the only instruments for success. Nothing was too costly an expenditure ; no such word as fail. Accordingly, there was no such thing as failure in his history. The man who, ri sing from a sick bed with a broken arm in a sling, could place himself before a company of insurgent soldiers leaving the camp for home, aud, holding a pistol in the bridle hand, threatened to shoot down the first man that marched on, had nothing to learn of hu man audacity. Meii of nerve quailed before him, as cowards quail before men of nerve. When the storms of wrath passed over his fiery Sttul, there was something as terrible in his voice and mien, as in the roused anger of the lion. The calm resolution of his placid movements, in its still arid collected strength conveyed an idea of power in repose, like the sea, broad, unfathomable, majestic, await ing but the storm to waken its tides, and lash its waves into the sublime energy, that hurls on high and against the shore the armaments upon its bosom. "He was ever the same. He did not rise to passion or fall back into lassitude. The same even port of firm, calm, dignified composure marked his bearing, when the gusts of pas sion did not chsttirb his serenity. His air of command was not broken by any familiarity. Serious and earnest in small things and great, there was no time when impertinence could break in upon his dignity, or feel itself tolera ted by his condescension. Whoever looked upon him saw one whom it was better to have as a friend, and whom it was dangerous to have, for an enemy. He required of, his friends an undeviating fidelity; he freely gave r it . , i wuai iie exacieu. xie couia excuse or was blind to everything in a frieud except disloy alty to friendship; that with him was the unpardonable sin." CLAY AND JACKSON. "Though the circumstances of the two great ritals were so alike at the outset, their paths diverged in after life. The war with. Great Britain an4 her 'nHinn llif. fnrninliiri lhfi r " . - - L I . 1 - . I ..iCaire upon wnicn uoiu oi urciu urot uecam' 1 introduced to t' a nation in different vnarac tors, it la true. The genius of eaeh wa eni- uentty military and executive. Jackson was a statesman in the catnD: Clav a captain in I - . i the senate. Clay had early come before the people as an orator and politician: and it was natural for him to continue to labor, in that field when his country, at that time more than at any former period, needed his service's in the public councils. It is known, however,.. that at so high a rate did1 Madison appreciate his talents for military command, that he was about to tender him the appointment of com mander of the forces, and was only withheld from the proffer, by the call for his services at the bead of the war party 'in Congress. It is impossib e lo know the result of such an ap pointment upon the public-interests, or upon the personal fortunes of 3dr, Clay. But it were a falsifying of all the calculations which men may make of the futufe, to suppose that such rare abilities, and such unsurpassed en ergies Would have been other than successfully employed upon a theatre to which theywere seemingly so signally adapted ; and it needed but the prestige of the camp to have crowned a popularity and rounded out a fame, before which competition and rivalry must have hung their diminished heods. iut this was tated not to be. The laurels of the hero were not to be blended In the fadeless wreath of orator, philanthropist, statesman, jurist, cabinet minis ter and diplomatist. Fortune could scarcely be reproached with injustice when, lavishing upon this favorite son the graces and accom plishments which lend a charm to sociol life, and all the qualifications and successes of eve ry department of civil service, she refused to add the trophies of the soldier. Jackson's spirit, if not more active, was less fitted for the council-hall than the battle-field. His was not the elaboiate eloquence of the Senate. Swords, not words, were his arguments. His was the true Demosthenic eloquence of action. He had neither the temper nor the abilities to parley. He could speak tersely, vigorously, movingly, but his words were the brief words of command. Action followed speech, as thun der the lightning. He had no patience for the soiid forms, the dull routine, the prosy speech making, the timid platitudes, or the elaborate ratiocinations of legislative debate. Sudden and quick in opinion as in quarrel, heart, soul and mind all mingled in his conclusions, and the energv that conceived a purpose, started it into overt act. With him , to, think and to do was not so much two things as one." TIIE PHILOSOPHY OF A DYING KISS. "That I shtyuld kiss him." The pathos which belongs to such a mode of final vale diction, is dependent altogether for its effect upon the contrast between itself and the tare vailing tone of manners among the society where such an incident occurs. In some parts of the Continent, there prevailed, du ring the last century, a most effeminate pruv- I -C 1 ! 1 ' uce among men or exenangmg Kisses as a regular mode of salutation, on meeting after any considerable period of separation. Un der such a standard of manners, the farewell kiss of the dying could have no special ef fect of pathos. But in nations so inexorably manly as the English, any act, which for the i moment seems to depart from the usual stan-1 dartj of manliness, becomes exceedingly im pressive, when it recalls the spectator's thoughts to the mighty power which has been able to work sUch a revolution the power of death in its. final agencies. The brave man has ceased to be, in any exclusive sense, a man : he has become an infant in his weakness ; be has become a woman in his craving for ten derness and pity. Forced by agony, he has laid down his sexual character, and retains only his generic character of a human crea ture. And he tliat is manliest among the 7 bystanders, is also the readiest to sympathize with this affecting change, Ludlow, the par liamentary general of horse, a man of iron nerves, and peculiarly hostile to all scenical displays of sentiment, mentions, nevertheless, in his Memoirs, with sympathizing tender ness, the case of a cousin that, when lying mortally wounded on the ground, and feel ing his life to be rapidly wearing away, en treated his relative to dismount "and kiss him." Evervbodv must remember the im- mortal scene onboard the Victory, at 4 P. M., on October 21, 1803, and the farewell "Kiss me, Hardy," of the mighty Admiral. And here again, in the final valeiiction of the sto ical Kant, we read another indication, speak ing oracularly from dying lips of natures the sternest, that the last necessity that call which survives all others in men of noble and impassioned hearts is the necessity of love, is the call for some relenting, caress, such as may stimulate for a moment some phantom image of female tenderness in an hour when tne actual presence ot lemales is impossible. De Quincey's Essay on Kant Annexation of the Sandwich Islands. A cohespondent of the New York Express says " It is true that Mr. Gregg, Cofnfnissioner to the Sandwich Islands, has sent important dis patches to Mr. Secretary Marcy, respecting the annexation of the Sandwich Islands to the Uni ted State?. 'The treaty of annexation is adopted, Mr Gregg reports, by the King'Kamehamahaandhis Council, and Mr. Gregg forwards the project here. "But before ;uSmission to lhe tj. Execu tive, Liluoi' .n th warm and almost sole infVn. - . . sentia" ODDOnert 0f annexation, originated the , - - . a f nnkmiuinn tin n.Aiat nAmiln. n nn.n t uwu ouum"", v jjvjv-v v r'f""" aiT'u I l , 'iL .k. u j r - : i4 . t DSUOn, v mi iutj uopc oi ueieauug n mere. ' The plan of submission is carried, and the treaty is to go before the Sandwich Island public" The Violets of Literature. First among those sweet flowers of out-spring-time, let the literature for children be named. What a moral the mere name con- vJpi The idea of books for children, writ ten to meet their capacity and suit their tures, is a familiar idea to us ; but less than a century since it was a novelty, charming om ICS motives but uncertain of acceptance. from Poetry sang its songs for them ; and every mother that had heard of Watts, caught his sweet strains, and breathed them gently forth with the sacred words of " Our Father, who ait in Heaven." Then came short and hurn blo stories rose leaves with dew-drops. And then, books, and finally, magazines and pa pers all for the children. How complete is the "provision now ! No literature is so full aud perfect. Its aim, indeed, is not wide, or its means vast ; but taking its scope and purpose, we can find nothing better or fuller done. 0 Sometimes there are injudicious tales fright ful things that come back in cradle dreams and work up the black midnight into horrid phantoms ; but bad books there are none. But not alone for children is literature dis charging its offices. Manifold is its Work and multiplied its instruments. Here are the insane with their literature the blind With their printing presses. Victims of misfor tune but sacred to Providence, they engage the sympathies of benevolent minds, and mercy reaches them through human hands. The sentiment of spirit immortal spirit, is uppermost in every kind of movement, and while physical nature in their cases is cared for, the higher arid nobler self is yet more tenderly regarded. What a comfort for their weary hours ! What joy in this long, deep, silent sorrow ! Earth can do but little for them, but how watchful is Heaven ! The most beautiful things of earth are always connected with Heaven in some way or oth er. Had we no skv, where would be the dew the gorgeous cloud the token rain bow? It requires a firmament, with stars and sun, to give us these ; and so, if we had no Christianity, the afflicted children of life would languish on in bitter loneliness, and share only the companionship of grief. A few more ascending steps in the scale of intellectual beneficence, and we see the poor Ibrought within the reach of literature v them with which the battle of the world may be foug'it bravely and well. And thus it ap pears that there is a principle of extension in all goodness. None can confine it within narrow boundaries. Spread abroad it must be by . the laws of its own nature, exalting, purifying and blessing all. AT. Y. Times. IIow to Prosper in Business. In the first place, make up your mind to accomplish whatever you undertake ; decide upon some particular employment and persevere in it. All difficulties are overcome by diligence and assiduity. Be not afraid to work with your own hands, and diligently, too. " A cat in gloves catches no mice." Attend to your own business and never trust it to another. " A pot that belongs to many is ill Stirred and worse boiled." Be frugal, f That which will not make a pot will make a pot lid." Be abstemious. M "Who dainties love sBall beggar prove." Rise early. "The sleeping fox catches co poultry." Treat every one with respect and civility. Everything is gained and nothing lost by conrtesv." Good manners insure success. Never anticipate wealth from any other source than labor; jfe " He who waits for dead men's shoes may have to go for a long time barefoot." And, aboveall things, "Nil Desperandum" for "Heaven helps those who help them selves." If you implicitly follow these precepts, nothing can hinder you from accumulating wealth. The discovery of a new P'jrpatP motion is announced at New Yoi. it on tne pian 0f arms and balls attained tju a cylinder, so as to keep the extr.. weigh ; tiways on the descending side. Ito requi'.es no starting, only nteds letting 'Oose ani ofF it goes. The difficulty ia to -stop it. The Journal of Commerce says: "After a careful examination we can safely say, in all seriousness, that the propelling pow er is self-contained and self-ad justing, and gives a sumcienuy active lorce 10 carry orainary ciock work, and all without any winding up or replen ishiDg.', A Beautiful Thought. "Aa in the light of cultivated reason you look abroad, and see a wealth of beauty, a profusion of good nes in the work of Him ho has strewn rit-Jpbwers in the wilderness, and pauUed tho njinjiird, and enameled the insect. In the sim- plicity and universality of his laws, you can read this lesson. An uneducated man dreams not of the common sunlight, which now in its splendor floods the firmament and the land scape ; he cannot comprehend how much of the loveliness of the world result from tho composite character of light and from the re flecting propensities of most physical bodies If instead of red, yellow aud blue, which tho analysis of the prism and experiments of ab sorption have shown to bs its oottatttusfeta) it had been homogeneous, simple, white, how changed would all have been. The growing corn and the ripe harvest, the blossom and the fruit, the fresh greeness of spring and au tumn's robe of many colors, the hues of the violet, the lily, and the rose, the silvery foam of the rivulet, the emerald of the river, and the purple of the ocean, would have been alike unknown. The rainbow would have been but a pale streak in the grey sky, aud dull vapors would have cauopied the sun, instead of the clouds, which in the dyes of flaming brilliancy curtain his rising up and going down. Nay, there would have been no distinction beLween the blood of the chil dren, the flush of health, the paleness of de cay, the hectic of disease, and tho lividness of death. There would have been an unva ried, unmeaning leaden hue where we now see the changing and expressive countenance, the tiuled earth and gorgeous firmament." i. i ii mm W Conclusive Facts. All the friends of the Nebraska bill at the North are Demo crats. All the Whigs of the North are opponents to the Nebraska bill. Comment would only weaken this plain statement, and we submit these naked fixed facts to th consideration of the Southern people. . . f. Female Beauty. The city of Constanti nople, as seen by the Bosphorus, is said by tiveliers to be a most imposing and beauti ful sight. The tourist at a distance, aa he gazea upon its lofty domes aDd crescent-crowned minarets, revels in imagination over the beauties which a closer inspection shall re veal. He hastens with ardor to feast his senses Upon the wonders of the Mohammedan capital. But a nearer approach dispels the illu sion ; for travellers informs us that the city is a dirty, crooked, ill shapen mass; that its low, buildings, its narrow, cheerless thor oughfai es, are far from interesting, and the visitor retires in disgust. It is thus with female beadty. It catches the eye, and challenges the admiration. But if a more intimate acquaintance shows that it is not associated with goodness and truth, with good sense and a good heart, admira tion is turned into disgust, and the sensible admirer retires with as much haste as the tourist from the sublime city of the Sultan. Southern Eclectic and Home Gazette. Wit is indeed a thing so versatile and multi form, appearing in so many shapes, so many postures, frirhany garbs, so variously apprehen ded by several eyes and judgments, that it seem eth no less hard to settle a clear and certain no tion thereof, tha.i to make a portrait of rroteus, or to define the figure of a fleet ing air. Pleasure In general, ia the apprehension of 4 suuauje ooject, sunan y applied to a rightly disposed facility ; and bo must be conversat t both about the faculties of the body and of the soul respectively. As long as the waters of persecution are up on the earth, so long we dwell in the ark ; but where the land is dry, the dove itself will be tempted to a wandering course ot life, and never to return to the house of her safety. From the beginning of the world, to this day, there was never any great villany acted by men, but it was In the strength of eome great fallacy put upon their minds by a false repre sentation of evil for good, or good for evil. Gravity is the ballast of tho wul Learnim? hath gained most by those books br which the printers have lost " He shallbeir.nrnort ;IU,lo lUelh tiU h stoned by oie wuh Is there no ' k;n(I k- - i. i . . "; """() a TOUU6tluG sneep but Dy worrying biro lo death ? ' C".itentment c nsisteth not in adding mom ''-el, but in taking away some fire. Moderation is the silken string running thro' the pearl chain of all viriues. Hope is Ifke the wing of an angel soaring op to heaven, and bears our prayers to the throne ot God Memory ia the treasure-house of the mind, wherein the mouuments thereof are kept and preserved. Libraries areas the shrines where all thS relics of the ancfent saints, foil of true virtus, am that without delusion or imposture, are resarv. ed and rep sed. ' How gently do the words of kindness fM on the ear of the children of affliction, If yi svobH cheat the heart of the poverty. et - f ppeak kindly. It ie but little trouble.