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THE SIERRA CITIZEN. PUBLISHED AT 00WNIEY1LLE EVERY SATURDAY MORNING, —IT— Homer King, T. L. Ham 4c Wash. Wright, WASH. WEIGHT, EDITOR. OFFICE ON THE COURT HOUSE SQUARE, DOWNIEVILLE. TERMS— Subscription—One year, to city subscribers, in advance.. .$6 00 One year, by mat* w Express, in advance... 500 Six months 8 00 Single copies 25 MATES OF AD VBBTIBING Half Square of five lines, first insertion 2 00 do do more than one insertion, each 1 00 One Square, first Insertion 8 00 do more than one insertion, each 150 Special Notices—Twenty-five per cent, advance on above rates. BOOKS, CARDS, HAND-BILLS, LEGAL BLANKS, and other de scriptions of Job Printing executed with despatch, and on terms ac cording with the times. AO BETS TOR TUB CITIZEN; THOMAS BOYCE.Cor. Washington A Montgom’ry sts .Bab Frahcisco. A. RANDAL A C 0.... ..O street, (near Post Office). Marysville. A. C. CHAPMAN Camptonvillb. O. F. ACKERLEY Cox’s Bar. H. 8. BECK Eureka Citv. O. 8. BURNHAM Craig’s Flat ft Morristown. W. R. RILEY Chips’ Flat. W. U. ROYAL Brandt City. Authorised Agents.—Mr. H. Hoffman, of Moore’s Flat, and Dr. Alban, of Orleans Plat, Nevada county, are authorized to transact business, in their respective localities, for the Sierra Citizen- BUSINESS CARDS. WOT. OT. STEWART, ATTORNEY AT LAW, DOWNIEVILLE. 4-tf Francis J. Dunn John Caldwell. DUNN A CALDWELL, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, WILL PRACTICE In all the Courts of the 14th Judicial District, and the Supreme Court of the State of California. Residence, Nevada City. Dec. 14th, 1858. 46-tf SI. F. BROWN, Attorney at Law. CHIPS’ FLAT, SIERRA COUNTY. 2Gtf j. r. McConnell will. Campbell. McCONNEL <fe CAMPBELL, Attorneys at Law, HAVE formed a connection in the practice of the Law in the District Court, Sierra County, and in cases appealed from the County of Sierra to the Supreme Court. Mr. McConnell will assist Mr. Campbell in all cases in the District Court when his assistance may be required. OFFICE —On Bridge Street, at the North End of Dcrgan Bridge, DOWNIEVILLE. 12-tf HARRY I. THORNTON, JR., Attorney and Counselor at Law. Office on Bridge Street, at the End or Duroan Bridge. DOWNIEVILLE, CAL. BSm 0. C. HALL, Attorney a t Xj aw , l-2m DOWNIEVILLE. M. KIRKPATRICK, Attorney ami Counselor at Law, Office in Downey’s New Bcilding, Dcrgan Flat, l-4ra DOWNIEVILLE. H. B. COSSITT, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Will attend to all business entrusted to him in the Fourteenth Judicial District. Office—Main Street, Downievillk. 010-l-9m ALANSON SMITH, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW , YKT ILL practice in the 14th Judicial District Court, and the Supreme v v Court of the State. Office of County and Probate Judge. 1-tf J. R. PLUNKETT, Attorney and Counselor at Law, DOWNIEVILLE. 22tf 0. S. BURNHAM, Notary Public, CRAIG’S FLAT AND MORRISON’S DIGGINGS. OFFICE, AT LANGTON’S PIONEER EXPRESS OFFICES. Feb. 6,1858. |. t f OT. A. KELLY, OT. D., Physician and Surgeon, BRANDY CITY. REFERENCES Drg. Lbfbvbe and Watman, and I. L. Godfrey, Forest City; John C. Fall and W. T. Ellis, Marysville; and 8. Taylor, Brandy City, 46-6 m J. H. WAYOTAN, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, FOREST CITY. 29-tf I. E. JAMES County Surveyor, Residence —Downievilie. Office in the Court House, Durgan Flat. 1-Sm I. G. JONES, Laad Surveyor and Civil Engineer, DOWNIEVILLE. 10T Ditches graded. Mining Claims surveyed, Maps, Plans and Drawings, neatly executed. l-tf GEORGE WEBBER, CONTRACTOR , CARPENTER, BUILDER, and LUMBER DEALER, ON DCRGAN FLAT, DOWNIEVILLE. tr The best quality of LUMBER constantly on hand and for ■ale. 50-tf W, MERRITT A. BADLAM. MERRITT & BADLAOT, EEAL ESTATE BROKEKS, GENERAL AGENCY AND NEWSPAPER OFFICE, No* 105, J. Street, Sacramento. 4t-tf Randal & Co., NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING AGENCY, B Street, near the Past-Office, OTarysville. AGENTS for the San Francisco and Sacramento Daily, Weekly and Steamer Newspapers. Also, AGENTS FOR THE “SIERRA CITIZEN,” AND OTHER CALIFORNIA NEWSPAPERS. *JF All orders promptly attended to. Advertising Agency, N* B. Corner Moiitgonierjr and Washington Sts., SAN FRANCISCO. APV BBTIfIRM WTB and subscriptions received for the following Papers: THE SIERRA CITIZEN, Downievilie; Republican, Shasta ; Tribune, San Jose; Union Democrat, Sonora; Placer Herald, Auburn; Butte Record, Oroviile; San Andreas Independent; Amador Sentinel. Jackson; Mountain Messenger, La Porte ; Mariposa Democrat; Pacific Sentinel, Santa Cras; Siskiyou Chronicle, Yreka ; Plumas Argus, Quincy; Alameda County Gasette; Solano County Herald, Benicia; Oregon Sentinel, Jacksonville, 0. T.; Democratic Standard, Portland, O.T; Oregon Argus,Oregon City,o.T.; Occidental Messenger, Corvallis, 0. T ; Placer Press, Auborn; Weekly Times, Portland, O. T.; Tuolumne Courier, Columbia. Having perfected arrangements for advertising in the principal pa cers iu tne Atlantic cities, i am enabled to insert advertisement* at yi€ lowest x&toie 2-bf THOMAS BOYCE, San Francisco. DOWNIEVILLE, SIERRA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, MARCH 19,1859. MARYSVILLE ADVERTISEMENTS. — C. L. LOW F. F. LOW. LOW, BROTHERS Sc CO., BANKERS, Corner of Plaza and High Streets, MARYSVILLE. GOLD DUST PURCHASED AT THE HIGHEST MARKET RATES. ADVANCES Made on Gold Dost to assay, or forwarded to the Mint for coinage. Checks at Par ON PARROTT Sc CO., SAN FRANCISCO. OUR SIGHT EXCHANGES FOR SALE OX HOWLAND Sc ASPINWALL, NEW YORK. Also on all the other principal Eastern Cities. py Purchase Gity, County, or State Securities, Certificates of Deposit, and other Exchange, at current rates, and transact a GENERAL BASKING BUSINESS. Marysville, February 10,1858. 2-tf AGENCY OF THE Almaden Quicksilver Mines. THE undersigned, having been appointed Agents for the sale of the above celebrated Quicksilver, are prepared to furnish it at the established rates of the Agents in San Francisco. 2 tf LOW, BROS. A CO., Marysville. Eagle Hat Manufactory. D STREET, MARYSVILLE. THE largest assortment of HATS and CAPS in the State is to HTI be found at the EAGLE HAT MANUFACTORY, D Street, between First and Second, Marysville. MOLESKIN, OTTER, BEAVER, PERUVIAN and FELT HATS, of the FINEST QUALITY. LADIES’ RIDING HATS and CHILDREN’S HATS and CAPS, of ALL THE NEW STYLES. fg* Hats and Caps, of all kinds, made to order. All descriptions of Hats cleaned in the most approved manner. All orders from customers abroad promptly attended to. New Goods received by every Steamer. May 2S,ISST. JAMES L. DALEY, 1 D Street, Marysville. ITlerchaiit’s Hotel, MARYSVILLE. fI'tlHS OLD ESTABLISHED HOUSE, in order to meet the demand A. upon its increasing business, lias been enlarged by the addition of a number of New and Elegant Family Rooms, A new Promenade Gallery of two hundred feet in length, and has been otherwise renovated and improved, making it one of the larg est and most commodious, as it has always been the most quiet and orderly Hotel in the country. The Proprietor, in returning thanks to the Merchants, Business Men and Citizens of Marysville, and to a large portion of the Trav eling Public, for their eenerous patronage, assures them that no pains nor expense will be spared to make this permanently, and all that constitutes a FIRST-CLASS HOUSE, the best in the city. THE MERCHANTS’ HOTEL employs no runners. It is located on First Street, Near the New Bridge, On the Yuba river, where the Proprietor, always on band, will at tend personally to the wants of his customers, and hopes and ex pects the same liberal patronage the House has always received from a discriminating public. Office and Dining Room up stairs. Bar and Billiard Saloon be low. House open at all hours, day and night. 22-3 m SOLON PECK. Proprietor. ' LEGAL ADVERTISEMENTS. DISTRICT COURT SUMMONS^ DISTRICT COURT, FOURTEENTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT, IN AND FOR SIERRA COUNTY. STATE OF CALIFORNIA, ( County of Sierra, pS THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA, Plaintiff vs. BENJ. GREEN kt.al., Defendants. Action brought in the District Court of the 14th Judicial District, and the Complaint filed In the County of Sierra, in the Office of the Clerk of the said District Court. The people of the state of California to benj. GREEN, B. M. FETTER, CHRIS. REIS, E. J. SMITH, G. B. WRIGHT, T. R. KIBBE, 11. 11. PURDY, JNO. EAGER, R. AN DREWS, R. P. MOORE SAM’LD. HILL, Q. A. CLEMENTS, B. M. ANDERSON, S. M. PARSONS, V. WEAVER, and T. H. FLETCHER, Send Greeting. —You are hereby required to appear in an action brought against you by the above named Plaintiff in the District Court of the 14th Judicial District, in and for the County of Siena, and to answer the Complaint filed therein, (a copy of which accom panies this Summons,) within ten days, (exclusive of the day of ser vice,) after the service on you of this Summons—if served within this County ; if served out of this County, but within this Jndicial District, within twenty days; or if served out of said District, then within forty days—or judgment by defau't will be taken against you. The said action is brought to recover the sum of $3,75u 24 upon an official Bond, with damages, and legal interest thereon from the sth day of May, A. D. ISSB, and costs —more fully set out in Plaintiff’s Complaint; and if you fail to appear and answer the said Com plaint as above required, the Plaintiff will take judgment for said sum of $3,75024 and interest and cost. Given under my hand and the Seal of the District Court I, o lof the 14th Judicial District, this 27th day of December, ) ) A. ». 1853. RALPH ELLIS, Clerk. —r— By Geo. E. Tallmadge, Deputy Clerk. STATE OF CALIFORNIA,! County of Sierra. ) kS ‘ It appearing to my satisfaction, by the affidavit of Harry I. Thorn ton Jr., District Attorney In and for Sierra County, that a cause of action exists against the above named Defendants, arising on the official bond of the said Benj. Green, and that the said Defendants, E.J. SMITH, G. B. WRIGHT, B. M. ANDERSON and S. M. PAR SONS have departed from this State of California, and reside with out this said State, and somewhere unknown in the British Posses sions of North America, and that they are proper parties to this action, 1 do order that the Summons in this action, of which a copy accompanies this Order, be served on such Defendants by the publi cation thereof, once in each week for three months, In the newspa per printed in the County of Sierra, called the Sierra Citizen , the same being most likely to give notice to the persons to be served. ALANSON SMITH, County Judge of Sierra County. Dated, Downieville, Dec. 27th, 1858, at Chambers. STATE OF CALIFORNIA, 1 County of Sierra. ( bs ‘ I, RALPH ELUS, Clerk of the 14th District Court for Sierra County,hereby certify that the above and foregoing is a full, true and correct copy of an Order of the Hon. Alanson Smith, County Judge of Sierra County, as the same appears on file in my Office. In testimony whereof, 1 hereunto set my hand as Clerk, I , o (and the Seal of the 14th District Court, this 29th day of De ( - ( cember, A. D. 1358. RALPH ELLIS, Clerk D. C. —4S-Sm By Geo. E. Tallmadge, Deputy Clerk. DISTRICT COURT SUMMONS. DISTRICT COURT, FOURTEENTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT, IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OP SIERRA. STATE OP CALIFORNIA, I County of Sierra, j 5 A. C. CORBETT, Plaintiff, vs. A. CURRY and Q. A. CLEMENTS, Defendants. Action brought in the District Court, 14th Judicial District, and the Complaint filed in the County of Sierra, in the Office of the Clerk of the said District Court. THE People of the State of California to A. CURRY and Q. A. CLEMENTS, Send Greeting : —You are hereby required to appear in an action brought against you by the above named Plain tiff, in the District Court of the 14th Judicial District, in and for the County of Sierra, and to answer the Complaint filed therein, (a copy of which accompanies this Summons) within ten days, (exclusive of the day of service) after the service on you o f this Summons—if served within this County ; if served out of th is County, but within this Judi cial District, within twenty days; or if served out of said District.then within forty days—or judgment by default will be taken against you. The said action is brought to obtain a decree of this Conn for the Foreclosure of a certain Mortgage described in the Complaint, and executed by the said A. Curry, on property known as the Buckeye Stable, in Downieville, County and State aforsaid, on the Sth day of June, A. D. 1868, to secure the payment of a certain Promissory Note, for the sum of six hundred dollars with interest at four per cent, per month fromdate, and dated June Sth,lBsB, that the premises con veyed thereby may be sold, and the proceeds applied to the payment of said Promissory Note and interest and cost, and in case such pro ceeds are not sufficient to pay the same, then to obtain an execution against said A. Curry, for the balance remaining due; and also that said Defendant and said Q. A. Clements, who has some lien on said property, and all persons claiming by, through or under them, may be barred and foreclosed of all right title and interest in and to said mortgaged premises, and for other and further relief; and if yon fail to appear and answer the Complaint as above required, the Plaintiff will apply to the Court for the relief therein demanded. Given under my hand and Seal of the said District Court St a ( of the 14th Judicial District, this 13th day of December, 1 *• fA. D. 1858. RALPH ELLIS, Clerk of District Court. —. — By Geo. K. Tallmadge, Deputy Clerk. By Order of the County Judge. H. I. Thornton Jr., Attorney for Plaintiff. 46-3m* Dissolution of Copartnership. THE COPARTNERSHIP heretofore existing between P. VAN CLIEF and WM. M, STEWART, under the firm name of VANCLIEF t STEWART, has been dissolved. The reason of the dissolution was the appointment of Mr. Vanclikf to the office of District Judge. Wm. M. Stewart will continue in the practice, and settle the un finished business of the late firm. P. VANCLIEF. WM, M.STEWAEX. Downieville, Feb. 24 th, 1359. 1b Justification of the National Administration. We have frequently said that the magistracy of James Buchanan would rise too high in the opinion of national citizens for the small arrows of calumny and the great rockets of faction to reach. We have not said this on account of admiration for the President as an individual or a statesman, not because his career or abilities are brilliant and profound, not for any reason except that events have naturally developed the snccessfulness of the Administration. However superficial this view may appear, it is, nevertheless, one combining reason and fact, which, though never so simple, are the best parts of argument and fact. We could not, perhaps, define the cause of our belief in the certainty which would bring to the Administration a national vindication of all its acts; but we were convinced of the fact, as well from the recklessness of opposition as confidence in the men composing the head of the Government, and their fore shadowed policy. No general system of denunciation like that which sectional, factional and personal animos ity instituted after the election of Buchanan, could, with all its prolonged intensity, and astonishing diversity of shape, injure an Administration sustained by the pre determined purpose of acting for the national good.— Opposition, to have been effective in its purpose, was too eager and boisterous, embracing at first all the elements of agitation and exhausting the whole before the Presi dential term had half expired. A re-organization of the disturbing qualities and a repetition of the abuse, cannot fall with weight or precision upon the object assailed, but will be annihilated by the feebleness of the assailant- We do not ask the people to be enthusiastic in praise of the President or bis official associates ; we never par take of that feeling toward public men ; and it is our theory that man-idols in a republic symbolize the prom ise of monarchy, and that wild favoritism guarantees early danger to the liberties of the people. We would reduce our political party system to a level of severe tests and unexcitable observance, never allowing detrac tion to center upon tendencies which, in their nature and adaptation, seem favorable to the collective welfare.— Those who conduct public affairs honorably, and con formably to constitutional principles, should receive none of the over-praise of sycophancy but all of the candid approval of well-balanced and patriotic manli ness. This is why we say that the present National Ad ministration is capable of out ruling the mad heresies which have beset it, and is sufficient to awaken the bet ter sense of unprejudiced and Union-loving citizens in all the liberal communities of the nation. It has been one main endeavor of falsifying parties, to represent the Democratic party of Pennsylvania as utterly wanting in approval of the Buchanan Presidency. We append an article from the Pennsylvanian, one of the oldest and most reliable journals : “The opposition papers of this State are endeavoring to produce an impression that the Democracy of Penn sylvania are divided with reference to the measures of the National Administration. This is an old trick of the enemy, intended to injure the national character of the Democracy of the Keystone State, by placing them upon a platform different from that occupied by the party in other sections of the Union. But the action of the party in all portions of the Commonwealth, contradicts in the most marked and emphatic manner, this allegation of the opposition journals. Not a county meeting has yet been held which has not spoken plainly and favorably upon the question of indorsing the administration of James Buchanan. Indeed, there seems to be a singular unanimity in the party in this State with reference to the great measures which illustrate the Presidential term of the present Chief Magistrate. The foreign policy of Mr. Buchanan has extorted commendation even from his political enemies, while his management of the difficult and irritating questions of domestic policy upon which he has been called to act, has shown a deep and sincere regard for the constitution and laws of the land, and a patriotic determination to preserve the guarantied rights of the several States from the attacks of that party which is determined to reach the gor.l of their ambition, even if their path lies over th%ruins of a mutilated con stitution and a dissevered Union, Upon this record, the administration of James Buchanan rests, and hence the party in Pennsylvania are rallying to its support with a sure conviction that, by so doing, they are placing them selves upon a sound, national basis, which will command the respect and receive the support of their brethren of all parts of the nation.” The Question Unwohtht of Discussion. —The sale of the mineral lands of this State, has become a question upon which parties who have schemes hidden, are desi rous of creating discussion. Considerable expression has been given to the question, principally in the shape of communications to a Sacramento newspaper, and though the affirmative and negative are presented, and though one side pretends to be “ a voice from the mines,” we are convinced that the subject was introduced by the parties who have caused remarks for and against to appear. The articles which seem to have emanated in the mining dis tricts, are composed in the cities by speculators or their agents; the effect sought is a general inquiry that it may be seen whether an endeavor to legislate will have the practicability of a political move. If it should be apparent that the people would take the question as one deserving of great attention, then those trafficking knaves who flourish on matters which concern the public, may urge agitation and contrive to make it one of their numerous sources of profit in private money and public office. Not believing that the miner can feel more interest in any question relative to the mineral lands than so far as his immediate and temporary possession extends, we can see no actual cause for controversy on what might or should be done with the mineral portion of the public domain. Of that domain, the miner wants and expects nothing except the privilege of owning the gold which be digs out of it. As these lands are at present situa ted, they are, to all the purposes be thinks of, his ; his right is undisputed, and though upon first principles, proprietorship is in the government, the soil and its con tents are deeded to him ; his first privilege and best bus iness direct him to steady employment for his own bene fit. The argument that the miner would become more prosperous and contented, were mining claims made real property, represents a disguised means of rendering the claims taxable property. If this were not the fact, there would be nothing in the notion of increased permanence and prosperity. If the miner in an undisturbed condi tion on the mineral lands, possessing all the necessary protection from law and custom, is unsettled and discon tented, no mere act of government to make him a real proprietor will establish and enrich him. We believe it to be the right and duty of the miner to uphold non-interference with the gold lands, by disap proving every effort to discuss the question of their dis posal or the application of new systems of regulation. TBAVELBBs’GunME.—Oar friend H. J- Bidleman, book seller and news agent, 56 Fourth street Sacramento, has placed in our possession “ Taylor's new map and trav eler’s guide.” This work is cheap and convenient, con tains much information and may be obtained, at whole sale or retail, of Bidleman, to whom we recommend country purchasers of books and stationery. j Hittell and Natural Appearances. —John S. Bittell appears in the March number of the California Maga- m zinc with an article on the topography of California, and in answer to questions raised by the Sierra Citizen, rel ative to statements made by him in a former article on the same subject We have been pleased with Mr. Hit tell’s peculiarly California productions, and hope to derive additional gratification from the perusal of his future contributions. In replying to our inquiries, he evidently experienced less difficulty than would meet us in satisfying the demands made in the following para graphs, which are his: “ Now, Mr. Editor of the Sierra Citizen, having re plied as well as I could to the questions propounded to me, permit me to propound some to you. What are the elevations, positions and names of the chief mountain peaks and ridges in your county ? Are any of them covered with snow throughout the year ? If so, which are they? What are the respective elevations of the snow lines on the sunny and shady slopes? What por tion of the county is covered with snow from Novem ber to July? How deep does the snow fall, and how long does it lie, and how thick is the ice at Downieville in ordinary and extraordinary winters? How much of the surface of the county is covered with brush, how much with timber, and how much is barren rock? Of course, reasonable men will not expect precise and perfectly accurate information on these points, but an interesting and valuable approximate estimate can be made on all of them by any intelligent man who has been long in the county, and seen or heard mnch of the character of the country. Perhaps such information as I have sought for, ought to be given by the county sur veyors in their annual reports, but as they are not, I apply to you as the next best authority. There are per sons who carefully collect and preserve articles on the resources and conformation of our State, and if you should give any or all the information for which I bare asked, it will not be thrown away or forgotten.” Mr. Hittell will recollect that we have not stipulated to supply his “ Topography of California ” with basis or assistant facts, though if we were .possessed of such in that reliable shape which could render them unquestion ably valuable, it would be our pleasure to impart. If we interrogate in reference to the conformation of Cali fornia, it should not follow that we are familiar with the conformation of Sierra county, or that there is an indi vidual, no matter how long he may have inhabited this portion of the State, who can say he definitely under stands the peculiarities of the natural conformation about him. We presumed that Mr. Hittell had begun the study of natural appearances in California, and was pre pared with data on hand to elaborate and instruct. The people here are singularly self-confident in form ing estimates, and if we should ask any three of them what the bight of Galloway hill is, the first would an swer, “nine thousand feet, Fm told ; ” the second, “they say it’s about four thousand feet, I believe; ” and the third, “ don’t know—may be it’s four miles high—it’s a mighty long hill, I can tell that.” At the base of Gal loway hill reposes the important village of Downieville. We have named it “ the hole in the hills ; ” in the sum mer season, it is as cool as a potato hole, and in the rainy aijd winter seasons, the temperature is like that of a basin of lukewarm water. Severe winter approaches to within a few hundred yards, but never reaches us; snow falls to the depth of ten, fifteen and perhaps twen ty feet, on the bights just above us, but not much over two feet is ever measured out to the town at one time, and that will not withstand the warmth of one pleasant day. We had intended to interfere with some of Mr. Hittell’s remarks on “ the region of perpetual snow,” and the snow-line formed by the Sierra Nevada range, and which we are of the opinion, is perceptible throughout the year ; but the noted mountaineer of the Trinity Journal has dissolved all of our argumentative snow with the statement that, while ranging over the highest summits in the month of October, he found the mountains in a blaze, became red-hot himself, and would have been burned to death had be not melted and run down! “ I Ain’t Sick ; I’m Getting Converted.” —An Ameri canized Italian attended church in the time of a “ revi val,” and was surprised at the exhibitions of sudden repentance. He was ignorant of the meaning of the demonstrations made by stricken sinners, and when the person who sat next to him fell groaning to the floor, the astonished man tenderly endeavored to raise the pros trate one, inquiring as he did so, “Mi freen, bees you seek 9 .” “Oh! no,” murmured the mourner, “ 1 ain’t sick, I’m getting converted-ah-oo! ” We have seen an announcement of the illness of a respected cotemporary. If he be ill, we sincerely hope for his early recovery, but if situated as we suspect it is possible for him to be, we can feel but slightly sorry.— He is the most enthusiastic of popular sovereigntyites, and bates the concomitant and inseparable isms; but many of his aids are Brodericks and Republicans who hold the balance of power over him, insisting that his paper shall furnish expression and hope to each of the isms whose business in election times, is to form a combi nation against the Democratic party. A municipal election came on and the popular sovereigntyite was suffered to steer the paper craft half through the storm, wheu his illness was announced and a Republican took the helm. The sick man should get well of bis averse political proclivities by getting into the healthful atmos phere of National Democracy. We trust that his case may not be one of wrestling with conscience preparatory to conversion ia the ultra Republican faith. No Reason Why, and No Prospect. —A paragraph in Hatching’s California Magazine, states that “ there is no reason why the California Magazine should not occu py such a position in literature as does the State, in her resources and commerce, among her proud sisters,” If this were accompanied by the proprietor’s promise to make bis publication correspond in mechanical feature with the merit which could be given to its contents, we should indorse his remarks. The magazine will not gain the desirable position until he destroys bis cheap wood cats and ceases to illustrate present California life with descriptions which were ridiculous enough in style and statement, seven or eight years since. His Magazine is an injury to literature and good taste, and we wonder that contributors, of considerable merit, will seek noto riety where their efforts are placed ia company with old and new nonsense. The last number, in the most litera ry part of the work, tells us that, “ The reason why cats are so musical at night, is be cause they are so full of fiddle strings.” Final Dismissal.— The Legislature has again refused to admit Duncombe to a seat in the Assembly. The foolish conduct of the antl-Democratic element in Sac ramento deprived that county of a proper representation and reflected no credit upon the managers. His ineligi bility was no doubt understood at his first nomination, and bis rejection by the Legislature as folly apprehen ded. The intention was to create indignation toward the dominant party, which would result in a general outcry. But the means fell short ef the object, and old loan Duncombe is a victim. Su>vr Stats Progress—Three Brief Arguments Thereon. —The Legislative introducer or a bill to regu late the rates of interest on money in California, argues that exorbitant interest has supplied ns with temporary business relations and failed to combine confidence and capital except in floating transactions. The Dernocratic Standard argues that bad legislation is the cause of every want of permanence and universal prosperity.— We argue that importation of necessaries is the only real disadvantage under which California progresses slowly. Communication between the ports of Boston, New York and San Francisco, has absorbed our gold product and discouraged all our manufacturing facilities and interests. Suppose we were joined in the State chain next to Missouri, instead of Utah with its desert and mountainous isolation. Would the mere rates of interest on money, or the fact that unwise legislation was a feature in our affairs, then materially affect the gener al growth? The advancement of the joined States has not been diversified in its character ; they have grown with and out of each other and established mutual de pendence. When California shall be connected with them, in her will be the consummation of a continental excellence, and for having been the isolated terminus of State progress she will become the encircled starting point of the returning and perfecting triumphs of civil ization. The Californians’ Register. —We have the prospec • tus of “ The Californians' Register and Guide to the Pa cific Coast," a publication projected by J. H. Still & Co., the very enterprising newsman of San Francisco. The paper will be published in New York, and a head quarters opened for Californians and those who are seeking information respecting the country. We commend this undertaking and hope the proprietors will meet with en couragement from every quarter. Another Suliivan Operation,— Sullivan, stationed al San Francisco, hut whose newspaper operations extend everywhere, has wade an arrangement for a special issue of the Missouri Republican to be brought regularly by the overland mail. A copy of the first issue has been received by us ; the paper is small and contains a well prepared summary of news. In this, as in all his enter prises, Sullivan will gain the point aimed at. The Weapons op Inferiority. —A Marysville cotem porary, who has neither courage cor capacity to resist statements which we had made upon the authority of his own mean conduct, adopts the only means available to the braggart—“ can have no controversy with a person whose pusillanimity of nature gives immunity to his scurrilous mendacity.” This and “ silent contempt ” have been the weapons of established inferiority since tho. introduction of newspapers. The .second is a key te driveling weakness; the first distinguishes the cow ardly bully, !3verwhelshno Conviction. —Walker, the invader of caragna, was recently admitted to membership in the tholic church. The Mobile Mercury says: “He was [to the fold by overwhelming conviction.” Perhaps but the filibuster will ascertaiff'tbat the Catholic arch does not encourage the" enterprise of country aling, and will not protect him should be be led by erwhelming conviction to the gallows, or oat to be at. ft ' ; “We Want Wives.” —The JSTorthern Californian, #hicb is published in Humbolt county, most beseeching ly says i “We want wives I ” We suspect that it is cold • and gloomy up there ; bat don’t let us mitigate the cry |r“ We want wives! ” Keep up the yell until the country is full of wives—wives! wives! w-i-ves! Let us take ■ e motto from the State device and insert, “ wives—we want wives,” and when we get ’em, then and not till ||hea—“ Eureka I” | Eight Mistresses of Fortune. —The New Orleans Ijelta says that a steamboat recently arrived from Red river In Texas, with a cargo of rich widows. Tbe aggre gate wealth of eight was $6,000,000. Five millions of dollars among eight widows—greatness gracious! and all that money unhusbanded! What a misfortune that eight poor but honest young men don’t combine with, those mistresses of fortune 1 Properly Finished.— The Legislature refused to ap-* propriate $50,000 to the Placerville and Sacramento - wagon road. That measure was properly finished ; the State should give no money to assist companies and counties in road making. Where private capital doe* not seek opportunities for investment, State funds should not be entrusted. Law and Sunday. —As we perceive no shedding of tears in consequence of the legislative refusal to pass a “ Sunday Law,” we conclude that the moral reformers have not been informed in regard to the rejection erf their bill. The Pope and Popess.— On the arrival of the New Year, 1859, the French general commanding in Rome to protect His Holiness from liberty in Italy, was receiv ed by the Pope in his audience chamber. The servile Frenchman expressed what he termed the sentiments en graven on the heart of his august Emperor, and, “ in conclusion,” said : “ When I contemplate the majesty of your throne, and I see in yon a King, and what is more, a Sovereign Pon tiff—the first exercising, like other monarchs, his tempor al power within the limits of his States, an authority to the support of which is devoted our entire foroe j the second, still greater, exercising its spiritual authority throughout the universe without any boundaries than those of the globe itself: we ealnte, therefore, in year sacred person, the monarch and the noble and worthy successor of St. Peter.” The Pope replied: “On that brilliant day—less from'the son which was shining on the Vatican than by the recoilbction of the name given to the Son of Sanctity and Justice, Jesus Christ the Savior of the world—be invoked) with all his heart the benediction of Heaven on the Emperor and Em press of the French, the Imperial Prince, the brave army, and the entire nation ; and be prayed to God to support his feeble arm for the good of all, in order that peace should reign throughout the world.” The General and his officers were then permitted to kiss the Pope’s hand. The Popess, or head of the Episcopal church, who is Qneen Victoria of England, lately issued a proclama tion, forbidding the use in future of special services in the book of common prayer, for the three State holidays known as “ The Gunpowder Plot,” “ Martyrdom of Charles I,” and “ Restoration of Charles II.” The Fate op Colbt.— Phil. T. Colby, formerly of Moore’s Flat, in ibis county, has been appointed and commissioned Marshal of Kansas. Colby once resided in Sacramento, in the employ of Krainer, Quivy * Co., afterwards he was the confidential clerk of Hall Sc Rapp, in this city. Removing afterwards to Moore’s Flat, he entered into the grocery business on bis own acconnt, and practiced law in opposition to Henry A. Moore, one of the candidates for County Judge at the last election. Colby is a rising genius.— Nevada Journal. [NO. 7.