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THE SIERRA CITIZEN. PUBLISHED AT DOWNIEVILLE EVERY SATURDAY MORNING. —BT — Homer King & T. L. Ham. OFFICE IN THE POSTOFFICE BUILDING. DOWNIEYILLE. TERMS— —' Subscription—One year, to city subscribers, in advance. ..f6 00 One year, by mall or Express, in advance... 600 |Six months 3 00 Single copies 25 RATES OF ADVERTISING— Half Square of five lines, first insertion 2 00 do do more than one insertion, each 1 00 One Square, first insertion 3 00 do more than one insertion, each.. 1 50 Special Notices— Twenty-five per cent, advance on above rates. BOOKS, CARDS, HAND-BILLS, LEGAL BLANKS, and other de scriptions of Job Printing executed with despatch, and on terms ac cording with the times. AGENTS FOR THE CITIZEN: THOM AS BOTCE. Cor. Washington k Montgom’ry sts. San Francisco. A. RANDAL k CO D street. Caeax Po»tAMBc»). Mawsvh.lb. .s. C. CIIAPMA .’ Campionville. O. F. ACKERLET Cox’s Bab. H. S. BF.CK Eureka Citt. O. S. BURNHAM Craig’s Flat A Morristown. W. E. RILEY Chips’ Flat. BUSINESS CARDS. H. B. Cossitt, Downieville. G. W. Shultz, La Porte. COSSITT & SHULTZ, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Wm attend to all business entrusted to them in the Seventeenth Judi cial District. rw* Office in Dowkiztille, at the esd of Dcroak Bridge. 29 KIRKPATRICK 4c BALDWIN, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Office opposite to the Court House, tf DOWNIETILLE. HARRY I. THORNTON, JR., Attorney and Counselor at Law. Office on Bridge Street, at the End or Durgan Bridge. DOWNIEVILLE, CAL. 8 O. B. TYLER, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW, OFFICE— Next Door to the Citizen Office, Opposite Court House, DOWNIEVILLE, Sierra County, Cai. lo WILL CAMPBELL, Attorney at Law, OFFICE —On Bridge Street, at the North End of Durgan Bridge, DOWNIEVILLE. 12 tf WM. M. STRAY ART, ATTORNEY AT LAW DOWNIEVILLE. 4-tf Francis J. Duns John Caldwell. DUNN A CALDWELL, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, WILL PRACTICE in all the Courts of the 14th Judicial District, and the supreme Court of the State of California. Residence, Nevada City. Dec. 14th, 1358. *C-tf SI. P. BROWN, Attorney at Law. CHIPS' FLAT, SIERRA COUNTY. setf ALANSON SMITH. ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW, WILL practice is the 14th Judicial District Court, and the Supreme Court of the State. Office on Jereey Flat, Downieville. l-33tf M. A. KELLY, HI. D., Physician and Surgeon, BRANDY CITY. REFERENCES:— Drs. Lefbvre and Wayman, and X. L. Godfrey, Forest City; John C. Fall and W. T. Ellis, .Marysville; and S. Taylor, Brandy City. 46-6 m J. H. WATMAN, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, FOREST CITY. 29-tf I. E. JAMES O o xx ty Surveyor. Residence —Downieville. Office in the Court House, Durgan Fiat. l * Sm 0. S. BURNHAM, KTotar y Public, CRAIG’S FLAT AND MORRISON’S DIGGINGS. OFFICE, AT LANQTON’S PIONEER EXPRESS OFFICES. Feb. 0,1856. Ltf GEORGE WEBBER, CONTRACTOR, CARPENTER, BUILDER, and LUMBER DEALER, ON DURGAN FLAT, DOWNIETILLE. ar The best quality of LUMBER constantly on band and for fialeT 80-tf Randal Sc Co., NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING AGENCY, D Street, near the Post-Office, Marysville. AGENTS for the San Francisco and Sacramento Daily, Weekly and Steamer Newspapers. Also, AGENTS FOR THE “SIERRA CITIZEN,” AND OTHER CALIFORNIA NEWSPAPERS. pT All orders promptly attended to. A. BADLAM, REAL ESTATE BROKER, And Newspaper Agent, St, George Hotel, cor. J. 4c 4tli Rts., Sacramento. Advertising Agency, If. E, Corner Montgomery and Washington Sts., SAN FRANCISCO. ADVERTISEMENTS and subscriptions received for the following Papers: THE SIERRA CITIZEN, Downieville; Republican, Shasta ; Tribune, Sail Jose; Union Democrat, Sonora; Placer Herald, Auburn ; Butte Record, Oroville; San Andreas Independent; Amador Sentinel. Jackson; Mountain Messenger, La Porte; Mariposa Democrat; Pacific Sentinel,Santa Cruz; Siskiyou Chronicle, Yreka ; Plumas Argus, Quincy; Alameda County Gazette ; Solano County Herald, Benicia; Oregon Sentinel,Jacksonville, 0.T.; Democratic Standard, Portland, O.T; Oregon Argus,Oregon City,o.T.; Occidental Messenger, Corvallis, 0. T ; Placer Press, Auburn ; Weekly Times, Portland, 0. T.; Tuolumne Courier, Columbia. Having perfected arrangements for advertising in the principal pa pers in the Atlantic cities, I am enabled to insert advertisements at the lowest rates. 2-f THOMAS BOYCE, San Francisco. BLANKS BLANKS! BLANKS! LEGAL BLANKS of ail kinds for sale at the Citizen office—such as Summon 1 , Subpoenas. Attachments, Executions, Warrants Bonds, and afl blanks used by county officers. Notice. ON AND AFTER THIS DATE, we will receive Foreign Coin and Private Gold and silver Coin at Mint value only. LADD AGO., LANOTON A CO. Downieville, May 14th, 1869. 19 DOWNIEVILLE, SIERRA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1859. LEGAL ADVERTISEMENTS. SHERIFF’S SALE. NOTICE is hereby given, that under and by virtue of an Order of gale to me' directed, issued out of the honorable District Court, for the 17th Judicial District, County of Sierra, State of California, on a judgment rendered therein on the 7th day of July 1858, in fa vor of WM. 11. LADD and DAVID HOWARD and against W. M. DOWNEY ET At., for the sum of Seven Thousand Four Hundred and Thirteen Dollars, with four per cent, interest per month on the same from the 7th day of July, ISSB, less a credit of eighteen hund red and sixty-six 72-100 dollars given the 27fh day of October, 1858, together with Eighty-seven Dollars and Sixty Cents, costs of suit, and damages, as appears on record, with accruing costs, I have levied upon, and seized, and will expose to sale, at public auction, in front of the Court House Door, in the town of Downieviile, State and County aforesaid, On the 19th day of November, A. D. 1859, between the hours of 9 A. M. and SP. M., all the right, title and in terest of said defendants in anti to the following described property, situated in Sierra County, California, to wit: —All the right, title and interest of said defendants, W. M. Downey and C. S. Downey in and to that certain part and parcel of Land situated in the town of Downieviile, county of Sierra, and State of California, bounded and described as follow s, to wit: Situated on the east side of Ne vada street, in tow n, county and State aforesaid, and hounded on the official map of Downieviile on the north by Yuba river, but in fact by the lot ow ned by B. F. Sherwood, used as a tool house; on the west by Nevada street; on the south by a lot formerly owned by C. R. Shoemaker; and on the cast by the North Fork of the North Yuba river ; being fifty-two feet in width and seventy-two feet more or leas in depth, and now occupied by saidAV. M. Downey as a KbleT, known as the “ Downie Hotel,” together with all and singular, the appurtenances thereunto beloncing; and also all the estate, right title and interest of said W. SI. Downey and C. S. Downey in and to certain Mining Claims situated on the ridge near the town of Monte Cristo, in the county and State aforesaid, known as the Mining Claims of the “Ravine Tunnel Company; ” said interest being one undivided twenty-fourth part of the whole of said claims: together with all and singular the tenements, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in anywise appertaining. P. J. WHITE, Sheriff Sierra County. By C. E. E. Ocnn, Deputy. Wm. M. Stewart, Plaintiffs Attorney. 89ts SHERIFF S SALE. NOTICE is hereby given, that under and by virtue of an Execu tion to me directed, issued out of the Honorable District Conrt for the 17th Judicial District, County of Sierra, State of C alifornia, on a judgment rendered therein on the 7th day of October, 1859, in favor of SENECA McCRORY, and against DAVID KEARY, for the sum of One Thousand and Ninety-three Dollars and Thirty three cents, with four per cent, interest per month on the same from the 7th day of October, 1859, together with Thirty-nine Dollars costs of suit and damages, as appears on record, with accruing costs, I h ive levied upon and seized and will expose to sale at public auction, in front of the Court House Door, in the tow n of Downieviile, State and County aforesaid. On the 19th day of November, A. D. 1559, between the hours of 9 o’clock A. M. and 5 o’clock P. M., all the right, title and interest of said above-named Defendant in and to the following described property, situated in Sierra County, Cali fornia, to wit: —A certain lot or parcel of Mining Ground heretofore known as Scribner & Co’s Claims; the same being situated at Mor ristown, Sierra County, California, or so much thereof as will satis fy execution and costs. P. J. WHITE, Sheriff Sierra County. 89ts . By Richard Brows, Under Sheriff. SHERIFF'S SALE. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that under and by virtue of an execution to me directed, issued out of the honorable District Conrt for the Seventeenth Judicial District, County of Sierra, State of California, on a judgment rendered therein on the 2Cth day of October 1559, in favor of EVAN JONES and against JNO. LEWIS and THOS. EVAN.B, for the sum of Sixteen Hundred and Five Dol lars, with three per cent, interest per month on the same from the 4th day of Oct. 1559, together w ith Twenty-four Dollars costs of suit, and damages, us appears on record, with accruing costs, I have levied upon and seized, and will expose to sale at public auction, in front of the Court House Door, in the town of Downieviile, State and County aforesaid, On the the 19th day of November, A. D. 1859, between the hours of 9 a. m. andsp. m., all the right, title and in terest of said Defendants in and to the following described property, situated in Sierra County. California, to wit: —The Ravine Tunnel and Grounds at Monte Cristo, together with all the appurtenances ; also, the California Tunnel and grounds, at Chapparal Hill, together with all the appurtenances; also, the Vulcan Tunnel and Grounds at the latter named place, together with all the appurtenances; or so much thereof as w ill satisfy said execution and costs. P. J. WHITE, Sheriff Sierra County. 40 By Richard Browx, Under Sheriff. SHERIFF'S SALE. "VTOTICE is hereby given, that under and by virtue of an Execu- Fx (ior. ■ r... , c.d, ou; of .f. h.ii&raliu 111-., tv,, I for the 17th Judicial District, County of Sierra, State of California, on a Judgment rendered therein on the 2Cth day of October, 1859, in favor of EVAN JONES and against D. A. WILLIAMS and BEN JAMIN JONES, for tbe sum of Eight Hundred and Thirty eight Dollars and Seventy-eight Cents, with three per cent, interest per month on the same from the 4th day of October, 1859, together with Twenty-four Dollars costs of suit, and damages, as appears on record, with accruing costs, I have levied upon and seized, and will expose to sale at public auction, in front of the Court House Door, in the town of Downieviile, State and County aforesaid, On the 19th day of November, A. D. 1559, between the hours of 9 A. M. and 5 P. M., ail the right, title, and in terest of said Defendants in and to the following described proper ty, situated in Sierra county, California, to wit:—The Vulcan Tunnel, Grounds, and all the appurtenances thereunto belonging, situated at Chapparal Hill, in County and State aforesaid, or so much thereof us will satisfy said execution and costs. P. J. WHITE, Sheriff Sierra County. 40ta By Richard Brows. Under Sheriff. SHERIFF'S SALE. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that under and by virtue of an Ex ecution to me directed, issued out of the Honorable District Court for the 17th Judicial District, County of Sierra, State of Cali fornia, Hon. P. Vanclief, Judge, presiding, on a judgment rendered therein on the 26th day of October, A. D. 1859, in favor of E. JONES and against WM. JONES, for the Bum of Fourteen Hundred and Nineteen Dollars and Eleven Cents, with three per cent, interest per month on the same from the 4th day of October, A. D. 1859, together with Twenty-one Dollars, costs of suit, and damages, as appears on record, with accruing costs, I have levied upon and seized, and will expose to sale at public auction, in front of the Court House Door, in the town of Downieviile, State and County aforesaid, On the 19th Day of November, A. D. 1859, between the hours of 9 a. m. and 5 p. m., all the right, title and inter est of said William Jones in and to the following described proper ty, to wit:—A certain Tunnel and set of Mining Claims, situated at Monte Cristo, Sierra County, California, and known as the Ravine Tunnel Co’s Tunnel and Grounds, together with all the appurten ances thereunto belonging; or so much thereof as will satisfy said execution and costs. P. .1. WHITE, Sheriff Sierra County. 40 By Richard Brows, Under Sheriff. SHERIFF’S SALE. ■VTOTICE is HEREBY GIVEN, that under and by virtue of an Txi Order of Sale, to ire directed, issued out of the honorable Dis trict Court for the 17th Judicial District, County of Sierra, State of California, on a judgment rendered therein, on the 7th day of November, 1869, in favor of JOHN A. MONSELL and against J. A. RETICKER and WIFE, for the sum of Seven Hundred and Thirty six Dollars and Twenty-six Cents, with two per cent, interest per month on the same from the 22d day of October, 1859, together with Twenty-six Dollars and Fifty Cents, costs of suit, and damages, as appears on record, with accruing costs, I have levied upon and seized, and will expose to sale at public auction, in front of the Court House Door, in the town of Downieviile, State and County aforesaid, On the 3d day of December, 1859, between the hours of 9 A. M. and SP. M., all the right, title, and interest of said Defendants in and to the following described proper ty, situated in Sierra County, California, to wit:—All of that certain Lot now occupied by J. A. Reticker and wife as their residence, and lying in the town of Downieviile, County of Sierra, bounded and described as follows: Commencing at the upper end of Jersey Flat, on the road leading up the South Fork of the North Ynba river at a mark on the flume on a boulder at the north-east corner of a lot owned and occupied by D. O. Forman, for a store-house, and running up along the road 40 feet to a mark on the flume, then at right angles with the front line back to the river, and formerly known as the Clement and Myres’ lot; also, all that certain Lot sit uated on Jersey Flat aforesaid, adjoining the above-mentioned lot on the west side, and being 18 feet front, and extending back to the river; together with all and singular, the tenements, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in anywise appertain ing. 41 P. J. WHITE, Sheriff Sierra County. SHERIFF’S SALE. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that under and by virtue of an Order of Sale, to me directed, issued out of the honorable Dis trict Court for the 17th Judicial District, County of Sierra, State of California, on a judgment rendered therein on the 7th day of No vember. 1859, in favor of SETH CHANDLER, M. C. Thurston, C. P. Sheffield, B. J. Simons and against GEO. ATKINSON, O. C. Be mls, C. H. Robins, J. Veeder, E. Chadwick, 11. S. Whiton, M. Thomp son, V. Thompson, H. Varney, S. Winbern—known as the Engine Co., for the sum of Four Hundred and Eighty-seven Dollars, with ten per cent interest per annum on the same from the 7th day of November 1859,together with Fifty-five Dollars and Sixty Cents costs of suit, and damages, as appears on record, with accruing costs, I have levied upon and seized, and will expose to sale at public auc tion, in front of the Conrt House Door, in the town of Downieviile, State and County aforesaid. On the 3d Day of December, 1559, between the hours of 9 a. m. and 5 p. m., all the right, title and inter est of said Defendants in and to the following described property, situated in Sierra County, California,to wit:—House, Dump Shed, Stable, Blacksmith Shop, Pump, and all other wooden fixtures, im provements and appurtences belonging to the mining claims of said Engine Company, at Howland Flat, in said County and State; together with seven hundred feet of Flume, extending north-east erly from said claims ; said property-'being bounded on the west by Snodgrass’ Stable and lot, on the east by Bachelor’s House and lot, on the south by High street, and on the north by claims of St. Louis Mining Co.; together with all and singular, the tenements, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining. 41 P. J. WHITE, Sheriff Sierra County. Notice. TO all whom It may concern, take notice, that I, T. 11. FLETCHER, have this day emancipated and released my son, JOSEPH H. FLETCHER, of and from all obligations and liabilities growing out of the relation between Father and Son, and that I do not and will not claim the earnings and services of said Joseph H. Fletcher, and that I will not be responsible for any debts by him incurred and contracted. Down! srlUe, November Ist, 1859. 49 41* A Mixing and Engineering Coll^jk.— The S. F. Herald learns from the London Times tbrUferrangements are now being made for the establishment qf a college of mining, engineering and manufacturing Science, in connection with the University of Durham, and with preparatory schools to be set on foot in the different colliery districts in the kingdom, at which instruction will be given adapted to the training of boys intended as managers of mines or for engineering pursuits. We notice the pro ject asjone worthy to be imitated inCalifomia. la these days of railways and steam power, purveying and level ing, it becomes a very important desideratum that we should have good engineers and plenty of them. The vast extent of our country, and the number and richness of our mines, indicate that mining and engineering must be important features for the development of our resour ces for at least the next half century. But we proceed to describe the intended college at Durham, so far as we can obtain particulars. The ins'itation, though propos ed to be locally situated within the limits of the univer sity, is to be conducted on independent principles, and managed by a governing body of its own. There are to be five professors—one of KalheYn^ r '»^ > 3ae of natural pwßte,puy and applied of ininarology, geology and working mines ; one ol chemistry, and a fifth of plan-drawing, leveling, survey ing and practical engineering. The first professors will be provided by the university, and the three last by the proposed college. Lecture rooms will also be furnished by the university for all the professors, and chemical laboratories, and workshops, if necessary, by the college : It seems, says the Fhiladelphia Inquirer , that the general object sought to be attained, is the education, at the cheapest rate, of all classes of mining and engi neering students, to result eventually, it is to be hoped, in practical and economical improvements in mining operations from time to time, and in lessening the enor mous waste of human life incident to that department of industry. The students are to be of two classes—ma triculated, and nou-matriculated, the former to reside in some college, hall, or house licensed for that purpose by the university, P.nd to be subject to its discipline : the latter, if not resident with their parents, to live in lodg ing houses licensed by the principal of the proposed col lege, and, in special cases, in other houses not so li censed. The matriculated students are to be admissible to the academical rank of mining engineer and civil en gineer, according to certain regulations passed in Jan uary, 1855 ; and non-nnatriculated students are to be admissible to a title of distinction to be hereafter agreed upon. One especial object in view is to increase the usefulness, by means of suitable instruction, of school masters in the colliery district; and arrangements are in contemplation for enabling the students to inspect collieries from time to time, and acquire a knowledge of their practical working. We may add that a committee was recently appointed, consisting of Mr. Nicholas Wood, the eminent colliery reviewer, whose whole life has been identified with the practical management and supervi sion of coal mines in Northumberland and Durham, Mr. T. J. Taylor and Mr. J. L. Bell, to confer with the au thorities of the university at Durham, to bring the pro ject under the notice of the Government, and to take other preliminary steps for the successful establishment of the proposed College. Mr. Tremenhecre, the Com missioner for inquiring into the state of the mining pop ulation, in his report to the Horae Secretary, just pub lished, refers to the advantages resulting from the en gaging of a mining department on the Bristol Diocesan School ; and also states that a very promising com mencement has been made in the establishment of a similar school at Wigan, in connection with the Meehan ics’ Institution there. It commenced in March last, and there has been an average attendance of about thirty students. The students are mostly adults, er young men between seventeen and of them recently been made on the part of many of the leading employers of mining labor in Lanarkshire and Ayrshire, and other gentlemen, to set on foot a mining school. Towards that object, a subscription of £4OO for three years has been guaranteed, and tide managing committee offer a salary of £250 per annum for a competent master. Reliable Statement Concerning Washoe. —We were shown, on Saturday, says the Saaaraonto Standard, by a partner in a heavy mercantile house of this city, a let ter from Carson Valley, written him by another member of the firm, from which we are permitted to make the following extract: Genoa, Carson Valley, Nor. 2d.—The excitement about the mines is still increasing, but is without good reason. The mines are rich—immensely so—as far as discovered, but the extent is limited, and people are not justified in rushing here now, nor until further discover ies shall have been made. By spring, something new will be known. Returns will have been received, the di rection, extent, etc., of the lead known, and the people can act At present it is all excitement, with no money and few facts. Carson City, sixteen miles this side of the diggings, is fast building up, and rents are as high as in Sacramento. Desirable lots are held as high as SI,OOO to $1,500, and I saw fifteen feet front sold at $350, and a frame house, twenty by twenty five feet, rent for SBO per month. All this will be modi fied by spring. They have the "50 times of Sacramento ; gambling, from faro down to the “ little joker,” music in the saloons, racing, etc. I send by stage, to Capt. Sim mons, a sample of the ore. Mocxt Vernon.— We learn from the Mount Vernon Record that the work of putting Mount Vernon in good condition, has been fairly Legun. Since the Ist of July, workmen, under the superintendence of a competent gen tleman, have been busily engaged in repairing out houses, tracing and cleaning up the almost forgotten paths, and fortifying, in some measure, the sacred spot against the ravages of decay. The Record also states that $15,000 of the fourth and last instalment for the purchase of Mount Vernon has been already paid to Mr. Washington, leaving only about $30,000 to be paid to complete the purchase. SHERIFFS SALE. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that under and by virtue of an Order of Sale, to me directed, issued out of the honorable Dis trict Court for the 17th Judicial District, County of Sierra, State of California, on a judgment rendered therein on theSth day of No vember, 1369, in favor of DAVID rg.ELPS, .ppd, against THOS. S. CLARK, for the mm of Three Hundred and Eight Dollars and Eighteen Cents, with ten per cent, interest per annum on the same from the 4th day of January, 1859, together with Twenty-six Dol lars and Sixty Cents, costs’of suit, and damages, as appears on record, with accruing costs, I have levied upon and seized, and will expose to sale at Public auction. In front of the Court House Door, in the town of Downleville, State and County aforesaid, On the 3d day of December, 1859, between the hours of 9a. m. and 6 p. m., all the right, title and in terest of said Defendant in and to the following described property, situated in Sierra County, California, to wit: —That certain Build ing or Dwelling House, built, owned and occupied by the said T. S. Clark, situated on the south side of the North Fork of the North Yuba river, near or adjoining the ranch known as Bailey’s Ranch, near the town of Downieville, Sierra County, Cal.; the said house and premises being the same now occupied by the said T. S. Clark; together with all and singular, the tenements, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto Delonging <t in anywise appertaining. P . J. WHITE, Sheriff Sierra County. 41 , By Richard Brown, Under Sheriff. SHERIFF’S SALE. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That under and by virtue of an Execution, to me directed, issued out of the Honorable District Court for the 17th Judicial District, County of Sierra, State of California, on ajudgment rendered therein on the Bth day of No vember, 1859, in favor,of WM. CUNNINGHAM andaginst ELISHA BAKNES, Wm. Skelton, Wm. Glenn, J. P. -McLain, Jno. Bradbury, Sampson Hicks, Tucker Vivan, Jno. James, Geo. Howard, Pasco M. I 'arbis, A. Dibble, Vine E. Williams, and H. Copenharn, Jno. Doe and Richard Roe, composing the American Company, for the sum of $2,310 97 with ten per cent per annum on the same from the Bth day of November, 1869, together with $49 costa of suit, and dama ges as appears on record, with accruing costs, I have levied upon and seized, and will expose to sale at public auction, in front of the Court House Door, in the town of Downieville, State and County aforesaid, On the 3d day of December, A. D. 1859, between the hours of 9 A. M. and 5 P. M-, all the right, title and In terest of said Defendants in and to the follow mg described property, situated in Sierra County, California, to wit;— All and singular, a certain Quart* Ledge or Lode, situated on Chips’ Flat, Sierra coun ty, and know n as the American Quartz Ledge, together with all the privileges an appurtenances belonging or appertaining to said Ledge or Lode; also, the steam Engine and Machinery used by the said American Quartz Company, for the purpose of working said Ledge or Lode, together with all and singular the hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or appertaining; also, a Water Ditch conveying water to the above described Quart* Mill • or so much thereof as will satisfy COB P. J. WHITE, Sheriff Sierra County. 41 By Biohaw Brows, Under Sheriff. The Circassian Prophet. —Schatnyl, the celebrated chief, priest and prophet of the Circassians—he who for more than a quarter of a century defied, from the fast nesses of the Caucasus, the whole force of Russia—has been captured. He was betrayed for the largest amount ever offered for the head of an offender—six millions of roubles. The voice of the prophet chief will be heard no more from his native cliffs, and his people must now bow to the rule of the oppressor. lu a Russian dungeon or the mines of Siberia, his days will end. Schatnyl was born in 1797. Regarding his parents, but little or nothing is known. He was educated in the athletic sports of the Circassians, in which, including the use of arms, he soon excelled his companions. As he grew up, he was passionately fond of hunting, and in ftilmbing the rugged mountains of his country, and in being night after night upon them, he soon became inured to the privations of the hunter, and prepared himself for the difficult duties of a warrior chief. He exhibited a marked sensibility to the beauty and sublimity of na ture, and it is said he would often ascend a mountain at the setting of the sun and remain there long after the shades of night had fallen. While, however, he was thus educating his physical powers, his mind was not tJ3gleeted. When quite youmr.he was instructed in Ara bic, and made familiar with the contents of the Koran. Afterwards, he was instructed in Mahometan literature and philosophy. His instructor was Dschebal Eddin.one of the most learned of the Daghestan teachers of theolo gy. By him, he was led through all the subtleties of the Mahometan doctrines. The result of his teaching ap pears to have been that he instilled into his pupil habits of temperance, frugality and a perfect self-control. On reaching manhood, Schamyl became a member of the Government which was in fact a free Democracy. He belonged to the Lesghian tribe, and by their system of government he was chief, who, by general consent, led their warriors to battle. In time of peace, however, all were equal, though, in fact, he who possessed the most ability, and was foremost in valor and the exercise of all manly virtues, was chieftain. The public affairs of the tribe were regulated in general assembly. The old est and most experienced were heard first, but no one could claim precedence as a right. The assembly rarely made new laws, the tribe being governed by ancient cus toms and usage. When these proved insufficient, an ap peal was made to the Koran. Offenders were tried in a council ring, and punishments consisted chiefly of fines. Schamyl's name is first heard of in the wars for Cir cassian independence in connection with the siege of Himri, where he first served as a disciple of the chieftain Khasi-Mollah. This leader commenced his career in 1830, having aroused his countrymen to arms against the Russians by preaching a crusade in behalf of freedom and the true faith. He asserted that the first great law of Mahomet was the law of freedom, and the second was that a Moslem should be a soldier of Allah, and an ene my in arras to all infidels. At first, his career was suc cessful, but at Himri it ended. During his retreat, one chieftain after another deserted him, until only a faithful few wore left with him. Among these were Schamyl. Ensconced behind the walls of Himri, they awaited their fate. The Russian artillery soon made sad havoc with these walls, but those behind them met their fates gaily singing verses of the Koran. Khasi-Mollab was killed, and Schamyl, pierced by two balls, was left as dead. His re-appearance among bis tribe was regarded as miracu lous. Khasi-Mollah was succeeded by Hamsad Bey, and the latter by Schamyl. In 1834, the Russians again ad vanced upon Himri, but Schamyl attacked them and de feated them, though their forces were far superior to his. In consequence of this and other successes, he was re garded as the greatest chieftain since Khasi-Mollah, and many tribes that had favored the Russians now rallied around the new leader. On all sides was heard the cry “ Schmyl is Iman, and the second prophet of Allah.” He issued proclamations tailing upon his countrymen to join him in the war upon the Russians. His head-quar ictU fc'.K at Akißgo, which is «<poTi ill' 'Op oi an isolated rock, rising on one side perpendicularly six hundred feet above the river Koissn, which nearly sur rounds it. A narrow path winds up the rock in which only two persons can walk abreast. Assisted by Polish deserters, he complexly revolutionized the Circassian method of defence. The Russians soon attacked this place, and took it, by losing three thousand men.— Schamyl, however, escaped. Thrice delivered out of the hands of the infidels, his countrymen regarded him with greater veneration than before. He now took up his position at Dargo, where he was subsequently at tacked by the Russian*, who lost in the engagement some 2,000 men. Since then, 1842, he has fought the enemies of his country with varied success until the present time. Schamyl, at the age of thirty-seven, is described as distinguished in personal appearance as he was in char acter and intellectual culture. He was of middle stat ure, had fair hair, gray eyes, a small mouth, a Grecian nose, and a complexion fair and delicate. His hands and feet were small. He carried himself and had naturally a noble air and bearing. He regarded himself as an instrument of a higher power, and held that all his thoughts and inspirations came immediately from Allah. While his ordinary manner was calm, his elo quence was fiery and persuasive. His usual dress was the same as that of his countrymen, hut on special oc casions he wore a white mantle as indicative of his priestly character—the second prophet of Allah. He had three wives, and his handmaidens were captive Rus sians. As a ruler, he evinced much ability. He found most of the different tribes of his country separated, not only by customs and traditions, but often by blood feuds. He managed to bring them into harmony, so that now there is in Circassia a State. In place of many leaders, there is now one supreme ruler, and law and order have taken the place of usage and tradition. He also fused the two opposing religious sects of Omar and AH, and of the church thus formed he was the head. He was be lieved to have held direct communication with Heaven twice a year, retreating for that purpose to one of his apartments, or to some cave. There he fasted and prayed until he received the Divine commands. He had always a body-guard with him, selected from his Murids. His revenues were raised by the levy of a poll-tax of a silver rouble upon every family. By economy, he had laid aside a considerable amount for maintaining his government. The number of his troops never exceeded twenty thou sand, while the Russian army in Circassia, during the past twelve or fourteen years, has numbered from one hundred and fifty to two hundred thousand men. The Twin Roses. —Far down a lone secluded valley, seldom trod by the foot of man, by the murmuring brook, whose pure waters wander through bright green fields and shady lanes, grew, side by side, two rose bushes.— Long had they grown together, nourished by the passing stream, and hiding themselves from the rude gaze of the world, happy and content in the solitude in which nature had planted them. One bright summer's morning, two green buds appeared upon the rose trees ; very small they were at first, it is true, but day by day they grew in size and beauty, each day growing lovelier, till one morning there appeared upon the stems two beautiful white roses. With strange delight they raised their heads and looked tremblingly around, bat naught in the green valley resembled themselves ; and with wonder at their new-found existence, step by step they neared each other, and twined themselves into one. No longer were they unnoticed by all, save the pearly brook. The other flowers of the field acknowledged their superiority and bowed their heads before them ; but the twin roses heed ed them not. All day long their perfume floated through the valley, casting sweet incense on the summer air ; and as night drew nigh, silently they crept together, closed their pale leaves, and hung their modest heads toward the stream. Then the bright stars came forth ; the pale moon silently performed her journey on high ; the tall trees bowed their green branches as the breeze swept through them ; and the night birds sweetly sang till morning dawned. # Once a pebble rolled down the moun tain into the brook, causing its pure waters to dance on all sides. Then the dew-drops kissed the pale roses; and again the brook flowed on as before. Oh ! then how beautiful was the valley! But the white roses were not always to deck the stream. One day a rude hand culled one of the flowers and bore it from its companion. Days passed, but the now solitary rose held not up its head as formerly ; silently it drooped, and finally withered—and | the roses were soon forgotten by all save the brook in the valley. Thus it sometimes is with man. When ■ those whom we long have loved and cherished are torn from our side, we pine for them till we meet them again in another world. Still the birds sing, the trees bend, and the brook murmurs; but the twin roses will never bloom again. The Winans’ Steamer.— A correspondent of the Bos ton Journal from Baltimore, gives the following account of this novel boat, and eccentric owners: I rode down to see the famous Winans’ steamer. It lies otf a couple of miles from the main part of the city. The steamer does not impress one very favorably. It resenffbles a wine tierce, lengthened out 235 feet, and coming to a point. The diameter, at the widest is but sixteen feet, and the space fenced off on the top as a deck is but five feet wide. A single rope runs down to the point on either side to enable the sailor to reach the extremity in case of need. The vessel is broken up into compartments, and the sides of the chambers are used for berths. The cosines are in the centre of the boat. But so crowded are all the small apartments, that the steer age, the cabins and engine rooms all seem to run into the other, with the kitchen thrown in. It seemed as if one was inside of a great boiler—which is the fact, ex cept that the ends are sharp instead of being blunt. I was exceedingly plea-od with the constructor and owner, Mr. Winans. He seems to be anything but a visionary man. His father, Ross Winans, and himself, Thomas Winans, are the joint investors and owners of this new craft. They made =• h*r-A--V.o«“ (Win.'-; the Russian trade, and the father, I believe, is now in Russia. The younger Mr. Winans is not far from forty years of age. He is a man of vast wealth. He lives in princely style, in the upper part of the city, and has a palace of walks, statuary, works of art and taste, such as are seldom seen in a city. Ills residence and grounds occupy a full square. Some time since, complaint was made by some of the fastidious that some of his statuary was not so fully clothed as it should be. Mr. Winans said not a word ; but he proceeded to build a close brick wall ten feet high all around the grounds, and it looks like a penitentiary yard without, and resembles Paradise with in. He has a lodge at his high iron pate. No man can enter the locked door till ho rings the bell and gets permission ; and this can be gained by a stranger only at certain hours of the day. Mr. Winans contends that his vessel contains a princi ple that will revolutionize the mode of constructing steam vessels, and while his plan is not yet perfect, so far all things have answered his expectations. The steamer bas’made thirty three trips, and in all of them has done all that he desired. She is wholly of iron ; she has no keel, no sails, no mast, no rigging ; she Las a rudder at either end, which answers for a keel. Her ma chinery and her ballast are to keep her from rolling over. When fitted for sea, she has on board 800 tons of coal, carries 20 passengers, specie and the U. S. mails She has made in her (rial trips the speed of eighteen miles an hour. She has four engine-, with tbrcc-fold more power than the most powerful steam packet now built. As she lies in the water, she looks like a huge cigar. One would as soon think of going to sea on a Down-East log ; and as I traveled from stem to stern, I could not avoid the conclusion that, from her build, her construction, her tonnage, and all about her, she seemed better calculated to land her passengers at Davy Jones’ locker than any other destination. Somnambulism — Thrilling Incident. —An incident of thrilling and almost terrible interest, combining in itself all the palpitating chances of hair breadth escapes and the strange romantic ventures of that weird semblance of life, somnambulism, occurred night before last. The scene was on Catherine street, at the residence of Mr. Israel Morcton. At about half-past two A. M. he was awakened by a knocking at the front door, and found a man on the steps, who in a very incoherent and excited manner, requested him to walk across the street and look at the top of his house. He declined, and was about retiring suspicious of foul play, when his eye caught a moving shadow on the front of the opposite house. It indicated that rome moving, living thing was walk ing iiO:sle; : siy along iho narrow ridge ol Lis roof. An indefinable chill crept over him. The shadow stole across the front of the opposite building, and was lost for a moment in the darkness, and then crept into view again, returning in an opposite direction, with the same slow gliding motion. His companion had regained the op posite sidewalk, and stood gazing up in silence, seeming ly struck speechless with horror, and with trembling steps, Mr. Moreton gained his side, when his gaze fell upon a form shrouded from head to foot in a long white night dress, about which a mass of long hair fell in wild confusion. This spectral form paced slowly to and fro on the nar row ridge-board which covered the apex of the roof, ap proaching in frightful proximity of the abrupt termina tion at the ends, and calmly turning about to retrace the distance. The house was a high one, and a misstep or a stop too far would have plunged the nightwalker down to certain destruction, 'the walker occasionally raised her hand to her head, as though engaged in thought or troubled with pain. The head always main tained the same position. A chimney stood directly in the middle of the roof, around which she passed with ease, placing one hand upon its top, and walking down the sloping roof to got around. Once In this spectral walk she paused at the edge of the roof, and looked straight ahead. A waving movement of the right hand accompanied the act, when the walk was again renewed. The same spot was reached again a few moments after, when the figure again paused, and again gazed out into the dark ness, and then, with a slow motion, stretched out a hand, and with outspread fingers clutched at something which had no existence except in the fevered mind of the sleeper. The other hand was extended in like manner, and the body bent forward in such a way that the up per portion hung over the abyss, while the fingers reach ed oat, until there was no further reaching, and then clutched again with a quick, convulsive snatch, and were withdrawn. The form was motionless a moment; and then commenced its walk again, continuing as far as the middle of the roof, when it turned toward the rear of the house, and moving down the slope of the roof was lost to sight. Mr. Moreton recognized the features and form of h's servant girl, about 18, named Jane Mooney. She de scended through a skylight to her own room. Hasten ing in, he aroused his wife, and went with her to the girl's room, and found her sitting on the side of the bed, wide awake, and in a state of mind bordering on distrac tion. She had no knowledge of the occurrence, but had been awakened by the noise of her employer entering the house, and found herself standing ia the middle of her own room in the condition described. The girl ba<l been suffering from a brain fever, from which she was gradually recovering.— Detroit Free Press, 27 th Sept. Hope. —There is no temper so generally indulged as hope ; other passions operate by starts on particular oc casions, or in certain parts of life ; but hope begins with the first power of comparing our actual with our possi ble state, and attends us through every stage and peri od, always urging us forward to new acquisitions, and holding out some distant blessing to our view, promising us either relief from pain or increase of happiness.— Hope is necessary in every condition. The miseries of poverty, of sickness, of captivity would, without this comfort, be insupportable ; nor does it appear that the happiest lot of terrestrial existence can set us above the want of general blessings ; or that life, when the gift of nature and of fortune are accumulated upon if, would not still be wretched, wmre it not elevated and delighted by the expectation of some new possession, of some en joyment yet behind, by which the wish shall be at last satisfied, and the heart filled up to its utmost extent.— Hope is, indeed, very fallacious, and promises what it seldom gives ; but its promises are more valuable than the gifts of fortune, and it seldom frustrates us without assuring us of recompensing the delay by a greater bounty. Ditches. —It is estimated that there are not less than 7000 miles of water ditches in this State used for mining purposes, which have been constructed at a cost not less than $15,000,000. The Cashmere Goat is now raised in Tennessee— its weight ia silver was offered and declined a few days since for the “ old goaf’ himself. The blood, with oua quarter mix, produces wool worth SS a pound. An Irishman went to live in Scotland for a short time, and didn't like the country. “ I was sick all the time I was there,” says he, “and if I had lived there till tfcis time, Ed been dead a year ago,” [NO. 42.