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The Sierra citizen. (Downieville, Sierra County, Calif.) 185?-1???, December 31, 1859, Image 1

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YOL. 6.]
Homer Kins Sc T. L. Warn,
Subscription—One year, to city subscribers, in advance. ..$6 00
One year, by mail or Express, in advance... 900
Six months 8 00
Single copies 29
Half Square of five lines, first Insertion 2 00
do do more than one insertion, each 1 00
One Square, first insertion 8 00
do more than one insertion, each 1 90
Special Notices—Twenty-five per cent, advance on above rates.
•■scriptions of Job Printing executed with despatch, and on terms ac
cording with the times.
THOM AS BOYCE. Cor. Washington k Mon tgom’ry sts. Saw Francisco.
A. RANDAL k CO D street, (near Post Office). Marysville.
A. C. CHAPMAN Camptohtillb.
O. P. ACKERLEY Cox’s Bar.
H. S. BECK, Eureka Citt.
O. S. BURNHAM Craig’s Flat k Morristown. I
W. E. RILEY Chips’Flat. I
~~ ” ale.
NOTICE is hereby given, that under and by virtue of an Order of
Sale to me directed, issued out of the honorable District Court,
' for the 17th Judicial District, County of Sierra, State of California,
' on a judgment rendered therein on the sth day of December 1559,
in favor of L. D. ADKINSON, and against JAMES CAIN, THOS.
HAWLEY, JOHN CAIN and FELTON DUNN, Sr., for the sum of
♦1 ,768 42, with three per cent, interest per month on the same from
the sth day of December, 1859, together with $4l 50, costs of suit,
and damages, as appears on record, with accruing costs, 1 have
levied upon and seized and will expose to sale at public auction,
in front of the Court House Door, in the town of Downieville,
'State and County aforesaid,
On the 31st day of December, A. D. 1859,
: between the hours of 9 o’clock A. M. and 5 o’clock P. M., all the
right, title and interest of said above-named Defendants in and to
the following described property, situated in Sierra County, Cali
fornia, to wit: —The United Tunnel Company’s Tunnel, situated at
Depot Hill, in the County of Sierra ; the said interest consists of
four-sixths of the whole Tunnel, together with all and singular, the
'tenements, fixtures and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in
■•anywise appertaining.
P. J. WHITE, Sheriff Sierra County.
•Vfu M. Stewart, Plaintiff's Attorney. 46ts
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That under and by virtue of an
Execution, to me directed, issued out of the Honorable
District Court for tl le ITth Judicial District, County of Sierra, State
of California, Hon. P. Vanclief Judge presiding, on ajudgmeut ren
dered therein on the 7th day of December, A. D. 1859, in favor of
Et Al., for the sum of $7,418 with four per cent, interest per month
on the same from the Tth day of July, A. D. 1858, together with
$B7 6() costs of suit, and damages as appears on record, with accru
ing costs, I have levied upon and seized, and will expose to sale
at public auction, in front of the Court House Door, in the town
of Downieville, State and County aforesaid,
On the 31st day of December, A. D. 1859,
between the hours of 9 A. M. and 5 P. M., all tha right, title and In
terest of said Wm. M. Downey in and to the following described
property, to wit: —a certain House and Lot bounded as follow s: On
the south by Court House Square; on the north by Water street and
Yuba river; on the west by house recently used as a school-house;
and on theeast by Nevada street; also, Stable and Lot situated
about fifty yds in the rear of L'ownie Hotel, and bounded on the
east by Yubc. river, and known as Downey’s Stable, together with
all the appurtenances thereunto belonging or in anywise appertain
ing ; the above described property being situated in the town of Dow
nieville, Sierra County, State of California aforesaid, or so much
thereof as will satisfy said execution and cos s.
P. J. WEI ITE, Sheriff Sierra County.
Ww. M. Stewart, Plaintiffs’ Attorney. 45
■VfOTICE 18 HEUEbY GltViN, thal'dnder andliy virtue of aa
_L v Execution to me directed, issued from the docket of Louis
Bartlett, a Justice of the Peace, in and for Township No. 9,
County of Sierra, State of California, on a judgment rendered there
in on the 13th day of December, A. D. 1859, in favor of N. PARSONS
and against WILLIAM BEEKMAN, for th« sum of One Hundred
and Fifty-seven Dollars and Fiftycents, with ten per cent per
annum interest from the 18th day of December, 1859, and Twenty
six Dollars and Ninety Cents, costs of suit, and accruing costs, I
have levied upon and seized and will expose for sale at Public
Auction, on the premises at Excelsior Hill, (formerly Haven’s Dig
gings,) Sierra County, California,
On MONDAY, the 9th Day of January, A. D. 1860,
between the hours ef 9 o’clock A. M. and 5 P. M., all the right, title
and interest of said Defendant in and to one House and Lot, situa
ted at said Excelsior Hill; also, one Stove and sundry other articles
In the said house and in the possession of Brown & Co.; together
with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging or in anywise ap
pertaining, or so much thereof as will satisfy said execution and
costs. PETER MILLER, Constable Township No. 9,
Downieville, Dec-23d, 1859. 47ts
Administrator’s Sale.
UNDER and by virtue of an Order made this 10th day of Decem
ber, A. D. 1559, by Hon. Will Campbell, Probate Judge, in and
for the County of Sierra, State of California, at the December term
of said Court, notice is hereby given, that 1 will expose for sale, to
the highest bidder therefor, for cash,
On the 9th day of January, 1860,
at the Doer of the Court House, in Downieville, Sierra Connty,
California, between the hours of 9 o’clock a. M. and sunset of said
■day, all the right, title and interest of JAMES GERNON, deceased,
in and to the Kentucky Quart* Lkdge, at the Downieville Buttes,
•Sierra County, California.
Administrator of the Estate of James Oernon, deceased.
Attest, Z. W. KEYES, Clerk P. C.
46-8 w By J. C. Stanley, Deputy.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, that under and by virtue of three
executions, to me directed, issued by S. M. Miles, a Justice
of the Peace in and for Township No. 7, County of Sierra, State
• of California, on the following described judgments, rendered by said
Justice, to w it: —One in favor of WIL L. MILLER, dated November
17th, 1859, for the sum of two hundred dollars, with ten per cent per
annum interest on the same from the 17th day of November, 1859,
together with forty dollars and fifty-five cents costs of suit, and ac
•cruing costs; one in favor of PURDY k DPBON, dated November
17th, 1859, for the sum of one hundred and eighty-four dollars and
.forty-seven cents, with ten per cent, per annum interest on the same
from the 17th day of November, 1859, together with forty dollars
and eighty-five cents costs of suit and accruing costs; one in favor
of EPHRAIM MATHIS, dated November 17th, 1859, for the sum of
one hundred and ninety-five dollars, with ten per cent, per annum
interest on the same from the 17th day of November, 1859, together
with forty dollars and fifty-five cents, costs of suit, as appears on
record, with accruing costs; all of the above executions being
against J. WILLIAMSON; 1 have levied upon and seized, and will
expose to sale at public auction, in front of Alleghany Saloon, Al
legbanytown, in Township No. 7, State and County aforesaid.
On the 6th day of January, 1860,
between the hours of 9 o’clock A. M. and 5 P. M., all the fight, Stic
and interest of said Defendant in and to the following described
property, situated in Township No. 7, Sierra Connty, State of Cali
fornia, to wit: —A certain lot of Mining Claims, situated on the
Middle Yuba river, about three-quarters of a mile south of Lafayette
Hill, known as “ Jack Williams’ Bank Diggings.” Hose, Tools, and
Wheelbarrows,with the appurtenances thereunto belonging; also,
two small Water Ditches, leading to the above described diggings;
together with a Reservoir; or so much thereof as will satisfy said
•executions and costs.
R. C. GAINES, Constable of Township No. 7, Sierra Co.T
■Dated, Alleghany, December 10th, 1859. 46ts
NOTICE is hereby given, that David Phelps has commenced a
suit in the District Court of the I7th Judicial District, against
■ Charles Schwamb, to enforce a Mechanic’s Lien upon that certain
Building, situated in Downieville, and known as the “Gymnasium.”
And all persons having and claiming Mechanic’s Liens against said
premises, are hereby notified to be and appear at the Court Room
of said District Court, in Downieville,
On TUESDAY, the 8d day of January, A. D. 1860,
.at 10 o'clock a. m. and then and there to exhibit and make proof of
any and all such Liens. DAVID PHELPS,
By Wh. M. Stbwakt, his Attorney.
Dated December Bth, A. D. 1669. , 45-20 d
Window and Door Factory,
Lower Plaza, adjoining the Theatre.
ALL ORDERS for Windows and Doors filled with promptness and
Oar facilities for turning ont all kinds of wood-work needed in
Abe construction of buildings are not surpassed this side of the
valleys. Our machinery, which Is driven by water power, being
the latest and most approved, we can afford to supply this market
•at leper rates than any other establishment in the State.
Caipenter’s and Joiner's Work, of evety description, executed in
a workmanlike manner.
a .TURNING LATHE, which enables ns to do everything
June 24,1859. 81 tf
|n that
LEGAL BLANKS of atlUnds for sale at the Oltisen office —such as
Summons, Subpoenas, Attachments, Executions, Warrants
Bonds, and aft blanks used by county officer*.
New Grocery and Provision Store!
HAVE OPENED A STORE on Commercial Street, adjoining Jer
sey Bridge, where they intend keeping a full and complete as
sortment of
Groceries, Provisions, Clothing, Boots,
To which they would invite the attention of the public. They will
sell low for CASH, and purchasers will find it te their interest to caU
and examine our stock.
We respectfully solicit a share of public patronage.
Commercial Street, adjoining Jersey Bridge,
84tf Uownieville.
Blacksmithlng !
WOULD respectfully announce to the people of Downieville and
vicinity, that they are prepared to execute all kinds of work
appertaining to the BLACKSMITHINO BUSINESS, at their old lo
cation, foot of Main-street, where they will be pleased to see their
old customers and new ones, and guarantee to da -heir work in the
very best manner.
HORSE, OX and MULE SHOEING done in a superior manner.
All kinds of JOB WORK and REPAIRING executed promply and
in a workmanlike style.
IRON, STEEL, CHAINS, PICKS,—in fact aU descriptions of
MINER’S TOOLS constantly on hand and for sale.
COPPER TAMPING BODS always kept on hand and for sale.
All kinds of WAGON WORK done, and TIMBER for same con
stantly on hand.
Downieville, Peb 6.1855. 1-tf
Alleghany Saloon!
THE BEST LIQUORS, WINES, CIGARS, 4c., constantly to be
had at the BAR.
pT FREE LUNCH every night.
R. C. FORD, Proprietor.
N. B. Attached to the above establishment sre two splendid Mar
Office, at the end of Durban Bridge. tf
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
Officf on Court-House Square, DOWNIEVILLE. 8
OFFICE —Next Door to the Citizen Office, Opposite Court House,
DOWNIEVILLE, Sierra County, Cai. 10
Attorney at Law,
Office on Court-House Square, DOWNIEVILLE.
Office opposite to the Court House,
H. B. Cossltt, Downieville. 6. W. Shultz, La Porte.
Will attend to all business entrusted to them in the Seventeenth Judi
cial District.
13?*" Office in Downieville, at the end of Duroak Bridge.
Attorneys at Law,
LA PORTE, Sierra County, Cal. 48tf
Court House Square, Downieville,
Francis J. Dunn John Caldwell.
WILL PRACTICE In all the Courts of the 17th Judicial District,
and the Supreme Court of the State of California. Residence,
Nevada City.
Dec. 14th, 185 S. 46-tf
Attorney at Law.
IS. A. KELLY, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon,
REFERENCES;— Drs. Lefevrb and Watnan, and I. L. Godfrey,
Forest City; John C. Fall and W. X. Ellis, Marysville ; and S.
Tatlor, Brandy City. 46-0 m
jr. ii. vaysim,
County Surveyor.
Residence —Downieville. Office in the Court House, Durgan
Flat. 1-Sm
Notary Public,
Feb. 6,1858. i-tt
ty The best quality of DUMBER constantly on hand and for
sale. 50-tf
Randal & Co.,
D Street, near the Post-Office, Marysville.
AGENTS for the San Francisco and Sacramento Daily, Weekly
and Steamer Newspapers. Also,
fg* All orders promptly attended to.
And Newspaper Agent,
St. George Hotel, cor. J. A 4th at*., Sacramento.
Advertising Agency,
N. E. Corner Montgomery and Washington Sts.,
ADVERTISEMENTS and subscriptions received for tbe following
Republican, Shasta ; Tribune, San Jose; Union Democrat, Sonora;
Placer Herald, Auburn; Butte Record, OrovlIIe;
San Andreas Independent; Amador Sentinel. Jackson;
Mountain Messenger, La Porte; Mariposa Democrat;
Pacific Sentinel, Santa Crus; Siskiyou Chronicle,-Yreka;
Plumas Argus, Quincy; Alameda County Qasette;
Solano County Herald, Benicia; Oregon oentlnd, Jacksonville, 0.T.;
Democratic Standard, Portland, O.T; Oregon Argus, l Oregon City.O.T.;
Occidental Messenger, Corvallis, 0. T ; Placer Press, Auburn;
Weekly Times, Portland, O. T.; Tuolumne Courier, Columbia.
Having perfected arrangements for advertising in the principal pa
pers in the Atlantic cities, I am enabled to insert advertisements -at
tbe lowest rates.
2;tl THOMAS BOYCE, San Frgnp|»CQ.
Truth from an unexpected Source. —The Calaverat
Chronicle says, that while the Black and Brown Repub
licans throughout the country, almost without exception,
deny the constitutionality of the Fugitive Slave Law,
there stands out one man in every other respect as black
as the blackest, who has the manliness to tell the truth
in good set phrase. That man is Tom Corwin, of Ohio,
an aspirant for Presidential honors, but who, in the ex
tract we append has as much mistaken the temper of his
friends, as be did that of the people when he made his
celebrated speech against the Mexican war. Mr. Corwin
“ That is the law, and we have agreed to abide by it—
the law is constitutional, and it must be obeyed. Young
lawyers with soaped moustaches, and Cigars a foot long
in their mouths, who had cursorily glanced over Black
stone’s Commentaries, and had read Swan on Executors
and Administrators, and perhaps seen Wilcox’s form ;
had no hesitation in pronouncing it unconstitutional;
but, in the face of such distinguished authority, it is
constitutional; and it is the law af Ml? land—the high- j
eet and most intelligent tribunals fn the land have so
pronounced it—so deGned it, and there can be no doubt
about it. Now, it being the law, it must be obeyed —if it
is resisted, it is felony ; if resisted with an armed force,
it is treason, and those who resist it, must be that —must
be hung. Some men among us have a doctrine they
call higher law doctrine, and profess that their con
sciences are above and beyond the constitution. These
gentlemen are traitors, and must be elevated to purer
atmosphere—suspended —hung up.
Governor Wise to Mrs. Child.— The following is the
reply of Governor Wise, of Virginia, to the letter of
Mrs. Child, expressing sympathy with John Brown, and
requesting permission to visit him in prison and nurse
him as a sister. Like other sentimental sympathizers,
Mrs. Child, after the mischief is done which the imprac
ticable wordiness of such has served to instigate, now
volunteers a profession of “ peace principles.” Gov.
Wise disposes of the good lady as follows :
Richmond, Va., Oct. 29, 1859.
Madam :—Yours of the 25tb, was received by me yes
terday, and at my earliest leisure I respectfully reply to
it, that I will forward the letter for John Brown, a pris
oner under our laws, arraigned at the bar of the circuit
court for the county of Jefferson, at Charleston, Va.,
for the crimes of murder, robbery and treason, which
you ask me to transmit to him. I will comply with your
request in the only way which seems to me proper, by
enclosing: it to the Commonwealth's Attorney, with the
request that he will ask the permission of the Court to
hand it to the prisoner. Brown, the prisoner, is now in
the hands of the Judiciary, not of the Executive of this
You ask me, further, to allow yotj to perform the mis
sion of “ mother or sister, to dress hjs wounds, and speak
soothingly to him.” By this, of course, you mean to be
allowed to visit him in his cell and to minister to him in
the offices of humanity. Why should you not be allowed,
Madam? Virginia and Massachusetts are involved in no
civil war, and the Constitution which unites them in one
confederacy guarantees to you privileges and immunities
of a citizen of the United States in the State of Virginia.
That Constitution I am sworn to support, and am, there
fore, bound to protect your privileges and immunities as
a citizen of Massachusetts conyng into Virginia for any
lawful and peaceful purpose. Coming, as you propose,
to minister to the captive in prison, you will be met,
doubtless, by all our people, not onljr in a chivalrous but
in a Yqif have arL CHrk-v
town, Virginia, Madam ; and your mission being merci
ful and humane, will n. t only be allowed but be respect
ed, if not welcomed. A few unenlightened and incon
siderate persons, fanatical in their modes of thought and
action to maintain justice and right, might molest you
or be disposed to do so, and this might suggest the
imprudence of risking any experiment upon the peace of
a society very much excited by the crimes with whose
chief author you seem to sympathize so much ; but still,
I repeat, your motives and avowed purpose are lawful
and peaceful, and I will, as far as I am concerned, do my
duty in protecting your rights in our limits.
Virginia and her authorities would be weak indeed—
weak in point of folly and weak in jjeint of power—if
her State faith and constitutional obligations cannot be
redeemed in her own limits to the letter of morality as
well as of law. And if her chivalry cannot courteously
receive a lady's visit to a prisoner, .every arm which
guards Brown from rescue on the one band, and from
Lynch law on the other, will be ready to guard your
person in Virginia. I could not permit an insult to wo
man in her walk of charity among tnyeven though it be
to one who whetted knives of butchery for our irothers,
sisters, daughters and babes. We have no sympathy
with your sentiments of sympathy with Brown, and are
surprised that you were “ taken by surprise when news
came of Captain Brown’s recent attempt.” His attempt
was a natural consequence of your sympathy, and the
error of that sympathy ought to make you doubt its vir
tue from the effect on bis conduct. But it is not of this I
should speak. When you arrive at Charleston, if you
go there, it will be for the court and its officers, the
Commonwealth's attorney, sheriff and jailor, to say
whether you may see and wait on the prisoner. But,
whether you are thus permitted or not, (and you will be
if my advice can prevail,) you may rest assured that he
will be humanely, lawfully and mercifully dealt by in
prison and on trial. Respectfully,
Henrt A. Wise.
L. Maria Child.
WM. H. LADD C. EEIB >/,. ..A. L. BARNES^
W. EC. LADD dks CO.,
On tne Principal Cities of the Atlantic States and
the Canadas.
General or Special Deposits Received —Collection! made, Ac.
yA Have a Fire and Burglar-proof Safe.
Business Hours — From 9 o’clock A. M. to 8 P. Sti
Downievllle, Nov. Ist, 1853. Hl-40-tf
~ T. S. CLARK,
Contractor and Builder.
MOST respectfully announces to the public that he to at all
times prepared to make contracts and do all kinds of
entrusted to him, with neatness and dispatch. Also, CABINET
WORK, such as Bedsteads, Tables and Stands, made to order; and
all kinds of TURNING done to order, at the shortest notice.
All persons wishing any thing in my line, will do well to give me a
call. All orders promptly attended to.
Shop and Office on the south side of the North Fork, near Bailey’s
Bridge. WIUJ
Jewelry, Watches, Cutlery, &c.
HAVING recently received froerdhe STATES a
New and Well-selected Assortment of WATCHES,
JEWELRY, CUTLERY, Ac, Ac., 1 am now prepared
to offer better bargains than ever to my friends, and
respectfully solicit a call from thenu.
N.B.—Particular attention given to WATCH REP AIRING, and
11-tf SOI.. PURBT, Main Street <&wnievUle.
Private SohdoL
Higher English Branches, and of Languages, In'the Female
Seminaries at Biairsvllle, Penn., and at Bradford, will open
a PRIVATE SCHOOL in Downievllle, on MONDAY, the 88th tost.
Tuition, per month—Common Branches, |4J»; Higher English
Branches, or the Latin, French or German Languages,
■ Downievllle, Nov. 17tb, 1859. dMf
, -i
Misfoktuxb’s Victim.—-The following incident is from
the pen of Fairchild, known mainly by the literary world
as “ Aguecbeek,” with which title a volume of his has
been lately published. We are the more particularly led
to make the extract, which is from a chapter on “ Lon
don,” from having read an interesting account of the
Author’s last illness in Paris, published recently in the
Boston Journal, of which paper Mr. Fairchild was the
Paris correspondent. In the Christian charity pervading
bis sad commentary, there is a moral beauty, which
hovered over his departing spirit in the “ shadow of the
valley of death ” which he so soon afterward visited :
I cannot resist the inclination to give, in this connec
tion, a passage from the personal experience of a friend
in London, which, had I read it in any book or newspa
per, I should have hesitated to believe. One evening,
as be was passing along Pall Mall, he was addressed by
a young woman, who, when she saw that he was going
to pass on and take no notice of her, ran before him,
and said in a tone of the most pathetic earnestness :
“ Well, if you’ll not go with me, for God's sake, sir,
give me a trifle to bay bread! ”
Thus appealed to, and somewhat shaken by the voice
and manner, he stopped under a gaslight, and looked at
the speaker. Vice had not impressed its distinctive seal
so strongly upon her as upon most of the unfortunate
creatures one meets in London’s street; indeed, there
was a shade of melancholy on her face which harmon
ized well with her voice and manner. So my friend re
solved to have a few words with her, and buttoning up
his coat, to protect his watch and purse, he told her that
he feared she wanted money to buy gin rather than
bread. She assured him that it was not so, but that she
wished to buy food for her little child, a girl of two or
three years. Then he asked how she could lead such a
life, if she had a child growing up upon whom her ex
ample would have such an influence; and she said that
she would gladly take up with an honest occupation, if
she could find one—indeed, she did try to earn enough
for the daily wants of herself and child with her needle,
but it was impossible—and her only choice was between
starvation and the street. At that time she said that she
was learning the trade of a dressmaker, and she hoped
that before long she should be able to keep herself above
absolute necessity. Encouraged by a kind word from my
friend, she went on in a simple, womanly manner, and
told him of her whole career. It w’as the old ftory of
plighted truth, betrayed affection, and flight from her
village home, to escape the shame and reproach she
would there be visited with. She arrived in London
without money, without friends, without employment—
without anything save that natural womanly self-respect
which had received such a severe blow :—necessity stared
her in the face, and she sank before it. My friend was
impressed by the recital of her misfortunes, and thinking
that she must be sincere, he took a sovereign from his
purse and gave it to her. She looked from the gift to
the giver, and thanked him again and again. He con
tinued his walk, but had not gone more than three or
four rods, when she came running after him, and reiter
ated her expressions of thankfulness with a trembling
voice. He then walked on, and crossed over to the front
of the Church of St. Martin, (that glorious soldier who
with his sword divided his cloak with the beggar,) when
she came after him yet again, and seizing hold of his
hand, she looked up at him with streaming eyes, and said,
holding the sovereign in her hand :
“ God bless yon, sir, again and again for your kindness
to me ! Pray pardon me, sir, for troubling you so much
—but—but—perhaps you meant to give me a shilling,
sir—perhaps you don’t know that you gave me a sever
How many models of proßriety ty«l respectability in
every rank of life, how many who have the
technical language of religion constantly on their lips,
how many of those who, nurtured amid the influences
of a good home, have never really known what tempta
tion is, how many such persons are there who might learn
a startling lesson from this woman, whom they seem to
consider themselves religiously bound to despise and
neglect! I have a great dread of these severely virtu
ous people, who are so superior to all human frailty that
they cannot afford a kind word to those who have not the
good fortune to be impeccable. But we all of us, I fear,
need to be reminded of Burns's lines—
“ What’s done we partly may compute.
But know not what’s resisted.”
If we thought of this, keeping our own weaknesses in
view, which of us would not shrink from judging un
charitably, or casting the first stone at an erring fellow
creature ? Which of us would dare to condemn the poor
girl who preserved so much of the spirit of honesty in
her degradation, and to commend the negative vii tues
which form so many of what the world calls good lives ?
The Death of the Czar Nicholas. —Alexander Dumas
has published a singular story concerning the late Czar
Nicholas, of Russia, viz :
That after the disastrous news from the Crimea of
Russian defeats, the Czar resolved to die! Should he re
trace his footsteps and abandon his policy he would have
to give the lie to a reign of thirty years. Should he per
sist in carrying on the war he would ruin Russia. But
what he could not ask for without loss of honor, viz.,
peace, his successor might. He, therefore, by pressing
solicitation, obtained from his physician, who had previ
ously resisted for two months, a dose of poison strong
enough to kill him, but yet weak enough to allow him
to live a few hours after having taken it. The physi
cian left St. Petersburg on the 17th of February, having
obtained from the Emperor a declaration in writing
which made him safe at all points. On the morning of
the 18th the Emperor swallowed the poison, after which
he sent for the Grand Duke Alexander, (now Emperor,)
and told him all. The latter would have cried out for
help, but the Emperor prevented him by an order so pos
itive that, as a son and a subject, he could not disobey
his father and bis sovereign.
Then the Emperor explained to him in detail the mo
tives which induced him to take this heroic step. The
young Prince, broken-hearted, the tears streaming from
his eyes, his utterance choked by sobs, listened to the
dreadful narrative on his knees, and clasped his bands
exclaiming, “my father? my father!” The Emperor
would not allow him to quit his side until be had obtain
ed from'him a solemn promise to leldeatb take its course
without attempting to stop it. But the instant the young
Prince was out of the room his filial love triumphed over
his fidelity to his word, and he summoned the whole of
the royal family and also three physicians. The latter
arrived too late. The Emperor after a not very violent
agony, expired at twenty minutes past twelve, at noon,
on the 18th of February, 1855. At the same instant
Russia changed not only her master but her policy.
A Bull at Sea. —A few years ago, while sailing along
the coast of Brazil, in moderate weather the mate of our
vessel made a kite, for the purpose of pleasing the boys
who were passengers on board the ship. It was flying
finely, with a liberal scope of twine, attached to the miz
zen mast head, much to the amusement of the juveniles ;
when an English ship came in sight. She hoisted her
colors and altered her course to intercept os. When
near enough, we both hove to, the Englishman sending
his boat, manned with four men and the chief mate. On
reaching the deck, the first officer asked for some tobac
co, but it was apparent to every one that be was sent on
board for another purpose. After pacing the deck ner
vously for a few moments, be mustered sufficient cour
age to call the captain one side, and inquired what he
had flying over the stern ? “ Only a kite, to please the
children,” was the reply. “Our skipper sent me on
board ” said the mate, “ thinking it was a sort Of ma
chine to get the the longitude ; you Yankees are so full
of inventions.”
The Prince Napoleon and his wife, the Princess
Clothiide, have become embroiled in a domestic war
which threatens serions consequences. The Prince went
from Paris to Geneva, leaving the Princess behind,
against her will. Three days afterwards she followed
him, against hit will. He then sent her back, against
her will. She then commenced a series of alarming
flirtations, which brought the Prince back against his
will. And at the last advices there was a general row
in the princely household.
It is stated that a number of applications have been
made to Mr. Lowe to accompany him in bis trip across
the Atlantic. One gentleman has pud $lOOO for the
chance—of drowning himself.
Womkx and Flowers.—' VVe are not aware that any
philosopher has yet undertaken to discuss the moral*
sentimental or chemical affinities between women and
flowers ; nor is it necessary that philosophers shall bother
I their brains on any such topic—seeing that the poets,
who are better judges, have otten found that flowers and
! women are mutually illustrative of each other.
| There are many varieties of flowers, just as there are
I of women ; some flowers are beautiful merely to the eye,
| and exhale no fragrance to the sense ; so, also, there are
some women of great personal beauty, around whom
I there is no aroma of virtue or sentiment. Other flowers
i are exceedingly beautiful and have dtdicious fragrance,
j too, reminding one of those rare women whose exterior
j loveliness seems to be the natural reflection of the vir
j tues that bejewel their hearts. Other flowers, again,
i are not at all beautifcl to the eye, and yet they are full
!of the most exquisite odor. These remind us of those
I women of external plainness, whose minds are adorned
| with the gems of thought and sentiment, and whose
| hearts are the homes of all those graces and elegancies
that live long after mere beauty of form and color has
become dim and passed away. Thus we might run
through the whole catalogue of flowers anil Gad for them
the most striking resemblance in the varieties of woman
Woman was originally placed in the garden, and the
garden now seems to be the most appropriate place for
her. She is always seen to advantage when she is seen
extending encouragement to plants that are backward
and directing the course which the most aspiring shall
pursue. How sweetly she attends the sickly plant which
droops its head beneath the noonday fervors, and while
she gives it the sweet persuasion of slicks and props, and
a cup of cold water, it seems grateful for her genial at
tention®, and seems to try to look fresh and cheerful
once more. She scratches and loosens the earth around
the stem, and takes therefrom every weed and blade of
grass that would suck up its darling life blood. Then,
again, how dexterously she teaches the climbing plants;
how delicately she assists them in their upward efforts,
until step by step they reach the upward round of am
bition’s ladder. What taste she exhibits in the mere ar
rangement of her plants. She may Imre a group here
and a group there, but she more frequently rejoices in
combinations of starry-eyed beauties, in which all the
colors of the rainbow shall be successively displayed.
It is true that some cold-blooded economists would say
that a lovely woman thus employed in making her homo
beautiful, wastes her time, but the sulky fellow might
with as much reason say that a woman employed in de
veloping and refinim? the highest sentiment ol her na
ture, is wasting her time. Such employment of time is,
in the noblest sense, profitable ; and only she wastes her
dime, who neglects the beautifying of her home in con
tinual efforts to save a dime or to have surplus dollars in
the locker. —Louisville Journal.
Mysteries of the Night.— There is nothing very odd
in my feeling nervous when I happen to lie awake and
get listening (or sounds. Just keep your eyes open at
any time after midnight. What horrid, strange, suggest
ive, unaccountable noises you will hear ! The stillness
of the night is a vulgar error. All the dead things seem
to be alive. Crack! That 5 ® the old chest of drawers ;
you never hear it crack in the daytime. Crack ! There’s
a door ajar ; you know you shut them all. Where can
that latch be that rattles so? Is anybody trying it soft
ly ? worse than anybody, is—? (Cold shiver.) Then a
sudden gust that jars all the windows; very strange!—
there does not seem to be any wind about that it belongs
to. When it stops, you hear the worms laboring in the
powdery beams overhead. Then steps outside—a stray
animal no doubt. All right—but a gentle moisture
breaks out all over you ; and then something like a whis
tle or cry—another gust of wind, perhaps: that accounts
for the rustling that just make your heart turn over and
tumble about, so that it felt like more a live rat under
your ribs than a part of your own body ; then a crash of
something that had fallen—blown over, very like
Pater nosier qui ex in coe/ix! lor yon are damp and cold,
and sitting upright, and the bed trembling so that the
death watch is frightened and has stopped ticking.
No—night is an awlul time for strange noises and se
cret doings. Who ever dreamed till one of onr sleepless
neighbors told ns of if, of that walpurgis gathering of
birds and beasts of prey—foxes and owls, and crows and
eagles, that come from all the country on monnshiny
nights to crush the clams and muscles, and pick the eyes
of dead fi-lies that the stem had thrown up? Onr old
mother Nature lias pleasant and cheery tones enough for
us when she comes to us in her dress of blue and gold
over the eastern bill-tops; but when she follows up
stairs to our beds in her suit of black velvet and dia
monds, every crack of her sandals and every whisper of
her lips is full of mystery and fear -.-Atlantic Monthly.
Folly of Pride. —Take some quiet, sober moment of
life, add together the two ideas of pride and man. Be
hold him, creature of a span, stalking through infinite
space in all the grandeur of idleness. Perched on a
speck of the universe, every wind of heaven strikes into
his blood the coldness of death ; his soul floats from bia
body like melody from the string ; day and night, like
dust on the wheel, lie is rolled in the heavens, through
a labyrinth of worlds, and all creations of God are flam
ing above and beneath. Is this a creature to make for
himself a crown of glory, to deny his own flesh, to mock
his fellow, sprang from that dust to which both will re
turn ? Does the proud man not err? Does lie not die?
When he reasons, is he not often stopped by difficulties?
When he acts, is he never tempted by pleasure ? When
he lives, is he free from pain ? When he dies, can he
escape the commot grave? Pride is the heritage of man ;
humility should dwell with frailty and atone for ignor
ance, error and imperfection.— Sidney Smith.
Astronomical Clock, — There is in the town of Nan
tucket, Mass, an astronomical clock made by Hon. Walter
Folger, when he was only twenty two years of age. The
plan of the whole machinery of the clock was matured
and completed in his mind before he commenced to put
it together. It keeps the correct date of the year, and
the figures change as the year changes. The sun ami the
moon, represented by balls, appear to rise and set on the
(ace of the clock, with all their variations and phases as
in the heavens. It also indicates the sun's place in the
ecliptic, keeps an account of the motion of the moon’s
nodes around the ecliptic, the sun's and moon’s declina
tion. The wheel that keeps the date of the yeai revolves
around once in one hundred years. It remains still ten
years, and after that time starts regularly one notch.
This clock is considered, by those who have witnessed
its performance, to be one of the greatest specimens of
mechanical ingenuity in the country, requiring not only
mechanical skill, but a perfect knowledge of astronomy.
When the inventor died a few years since, it “ ran
down,” and no one could be found to adjust the parts.
One of his sons, a clocktnaker by trade, studied upon it
for two years, and after making a vast amount of math
ematical calculations finally regulated its motions, so
that now its pendulum swings in its regular arc. The
inventor also, when fifty four years of age constructed a
reflecting telescope, by which he was enabled to discov
er spots on the planet Venus. Mr. Folger never attend
ed school but a few months to learn the rudiments of
learning, but he possessed superior natural abilities, a
mind that thirsted for information, and uncommon pow
ers of application and perseverance. A scientific man
who is conversant with the leading minds of tie conn
try, in speaking of him, said he was the greatest mathe
matician he ever saw.
Something worth Knowing.— Under this head the
Cincinnati Commercial says; A day or two since a
workman, descending a well which had been excavated
on Barr street, was overpowered by the noxious gas, and
became insensible. A Ught was let down, and as imme
diately extinguished fvom the same cause, when one of
bis comrades proposed to descend to his assistance, but
was prevented by the foreman, who wisely remarked that
one man could he rescued more easily than a couple.—
As speedily a** possible he procured a quantity of un
slacked lime, which he cast into the pit, and then dashed
down a pail of water. The good effect was evident in a
brief space of time, for a pull at the rope was felt, and
1 the man wa r A drawn to the surface, having fortunately
' escaped any ill consequences from the remedy which had
1 been used, to dispel the carbonic acid gas.
jbO- Young America is here all over. Little Tommy
T is flve years old. He was in a musing mood the other
day, and his mother asked him what he was thinking
about “ Oh,” said he, “ I was thinking of old tints."
[NO. 48.

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