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The semi-weekly mountain Democrat. (Placerville, El Dorado Co. [Calif.]) 1860-1860, August 22, 1860, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87067106/1860-08-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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fire Medili» Mountain fimo cimi.
NKW SKHIKht-rifSiUK.':;
giorni la in Xlqmorrut.
ri ni. iaii i: n nrmi•wr »: ki. \ ,
\\ M'M.M».\V AM» MTI’IIIMY MuKMN*»?,
BY GELWICKS 8c JANUARY.
f. * I* k«. W A J\s' %fiv
Terms—lnvariably in Advance ;
0 »* , «r f 0 Hi
.* X M l*ll - A W»
1 m«r Mi lit! . ........ Ì ««»
i»nr M-.uih 'i-aynl/te to il..* Carri* r) *. 7.'»
*i..RÌC C. pi V» • • li»
Toran of Advertising:
«•nr iO l.i c*. f»r«l u.Mtuott $ .'’.*»'»
) re It •».*!• »r,iiri.l ill.'tti II \ :,|
|'.u»j. » <4i l«, I" Imr-* or h\r:»r **'»•"•
ft ,• nr»« 4 u«1», «,f I»; i ti • .jf, !»••», .*{ mìuiiTlh 1»» mi
\!l r l.ii .li-r0.u.l u t.i f ■* iti «1* oil tl f |.»S ,
I I ail M.lii. Nifi VJi»l i« lit u«lt«*lU<M ijjviit * ul.. ..
I V ml tl.r* *<j*i in*.
THK MOUNTAIN IdIMOCUAT
Book anti jlob |Jnming OfTirr
1- rt | rtr wilt, ill ti; . !rrn in:; r- •* f r
M \l < 'll K.\ I* \N. I • K \ I*ll » • \ic i*i. n i.t
I'll, v unit »f rii IN I | N», — nil I, ItiM.k-.
l*.i *.!•?. «t •, lin«r*. I’. ali tf. Il.»ii.'t i in, » .m.lar*.
1 1. *»••*. r» -#r.ui in. -, ( » rt » t .it. ■. . f
luail', < <• **•, )!• < i|t-, * ari!>, 1,.i
--»f *. it*... iitln rin piatii or fain y colon>l ink*.
*i • • ' /»-» rut
I* If V w l « ’ I \ N \ N !> ll'f. i;«»\
I : *.. II J ..»• ■ ' at.*.;.
•'» » . ■ y i u m . ; i , : *•! %;s 'r .
,■ 1 ) Ii r. ..
O it. II ALL, O VALE.
J ■ t
lr* !..«.• . • . » .• • : I•.
-».*•• i • : » \ **; « • ; •tf
MX H* HI. I. ft. «»•
HTML A SLOSH.
\1T•»1. s I. A * \ I I \w ,
« !!.. e ... ».* > It. » 1.4 *;t ...
V' •■ 4 t.‘-r 1. IW 11. ! *,. » .*•».: I\ !• rail * !
.• ,• » .» -intir•t *. * .; i . .!.• C-.hU, tu 1 t .♦
* l tah 1 rflit.i V lui 'J
in t »•**. i *• rni *».
DRS. COOKE A TITUS,
I’llUh lAN» ANI» » t i; ». ». •> Nfi
» »f**e 'I »>fi Sir frt. 1 1.,r■ 1 ? • r »>•• %# the " •*. {
I! .I T* 1.1 . * opposite J ui i rnrr i- . p
• I IJ.C I’taia .1
H K STOWE.
NOTARY I l 1.11» AM» (ONUUNi I,R,
I ! f r.t .jmr .1 I» rn !«•.:• \
A. A. VAN GUELDER,
A 1 1 «* Il N I. I A I 1. V u .
I’ » «ti ’ ft P< '*•! • r. i.
• 111 k‘. rorii | I , J Mj;n Ml • ft» *f
8. W. SAN PERSON,
Alin UNI I Al I. A U .
"** *. *«• I».>up!ftM’ Hu : I / I* fttn’l * 'l*
Ntv*?, I* a«*er* »
V»T.\?:V I*l UK AMI t »»N\M AN' IP.
C Ml r AA • . t‘, i I,t> n *idtr ;i* 4
CIIAS. F. IRWIN.
N o T A l; \ I* I H U C.
I» «• J?jTI . 1» T 4 ; • V • 'f*. • at I» !
I» ft* tf
s. Il Utili*,
PLAZA. CORNER, PL ACER VILLE
ll*“fr•r r j » r *1 « large a*M.r , in« n? f tiifj Ik»*.
#1 brani* <,f Havana C.g.Uf, T)bié'»H,
Meur-t huum .ind other Pipes, Mniches
and P.aying Card*. whole**!»; and r« *ail, at
*ao Trancialo )>rir< «. jt/3:a
GREAT INDUCEMENTS!
.%»♦* non « ffrr. d » v
L. A. UPSON & CO.,
<M i VIGORS T.» CII.ARI.Kf* \V KAR^». 6 »
tfMIKY pr* p lo a*- ! G<*■•!• h? greatly reluct'd
I tal*-», fur i*‘i. tu ..SI ab wtali |> uc'Ja»*.
TNi y ha»c cm hand the i*if«.»t an t Lett al icele.!
ftf
GROCERIES AND LIQUORS
In »hf . ountrjr. »huh they arcaelhtiff LuWI'.K than
any ulh«r fin.» They a|»o %
FORWARD GOODS?
'A IlNf punelualit A . aid al the loar»l rat» a
VfT Call »» Ipi !»■»■ tin* 11 . *'■ I « . ai.d » aannuc thr
.**t>*v.k before purtha»*.;>' »N*ahf
1.. A. I'l'ShS A f ’O,
JtlC .1 ii On the Plaza. *.p|»*»9ilr flu* I:» ,tt«r
WATCHES AND JEWELRY.
C. J. ARVIDSSON &
CO.
«•itii thr u
ail R * ;i.
• I ||| VUM
HIM'M’Tm.I.V infuifn lin n
friend* am* the ladi<** ;
tienu a u «f Plutei ville ,
lUity |T« nerally, that lh *y will
■ oiitiinie the liu»iliv«H at the «dd stand, aliti ha Vi
llo* on l.uiid a complete aMortm»-iit of fine
GOLD und SILVER WATCHES,
UNE DIAMOND RINCÌS, (ÌOI.D CHAINS.
La.liuM' and Oontlcmen'a Gold Hm»o,
laido »' llui'ftits, Hi* »«t Pm». Kar Kinyi, Ki.-,,
All i l « In. !» they i.fft-r for aule at the lo*t »i rsie*,
•h.
AM. KIN US» oy IVA RIFORMA J KAVKLRY ai ,j ni
am**n*l 'VnrV. in.inufa*'ture«l at the ahortei»! «.otite.
C4T" WATCHES lUpalred and Kegul^ tC( | p v
an experienced wurkman.
PII 1.1 Alti» U.ALI<£ Turned,arnl Gun* Pijitoli*
repaired. (V J AUVIU.' i .' 4 o\ j| uò.,
j* 1»* Next Poor to Stdlgman»’ Main *t.
WATCHES, JEWELRY,
AND
SILVER W ARE,
Jt Ih, OUt.s! ,f, n; Irt/ tyM.thment in Phu-r
•« /»-./•*♦# * JiW, V,tin ft.
« T,IK ? r J*S?KIBEK r.'.m-.tfully an
xf yK iK.unrr, t*. a «d tli*. c)ti.i>n. of
eßLa*i 3V * rxl v* vicinity, generally, that he
no» in *‘, re a »pi,ndid a»hortinent of
Gold and S^ ver watches!
JEWELRY. Dl^ mond W ORK, *o.
AS»S»^:e“h
ufli r 3ml‘ n,O, ' ldd<>n;toor(, ‘ r
F. F. BARS».
PLACEE VILLE
MAIN BTBEKI
ASSAY OFFICE,
n.A«-ovii.t.c.
( T u. .nd r,t«r f n.4l d for ViUin* and Away
'5. DiJ.and returned. f rni „ i. n fi hours.
1 kta.;:™ «;;«««> fi °“ 110 6 huar,
\ll Bar. discounted . rrlrtt ,
l cl ° m 1 'j. AI. VIDEOS H to
RLACERVfLLE, ML DORADO CO., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 22, 1800.
COME ONE! COME ALL!
OLD NATIONAL RESTAURANT.
I'KED. (OIMVS & (Oi) Propi-lilor*.
Fitti», COI.IJN.S, I’AT SI.AVKN.
lIAMXtI I'LI rii. Viti»
:nt i:n mu» lIK, Ui.i(
ivc wi.il. I infuni tl.«- public tint
*ve **r* t nies ready t «■ •'••nifnodNte ■
lf •'*•* •*?!•» imav fav-r m with lli.-ir patronage. Onr
• 1 a. 1 pati «ni* di pi»;i.c (tiv»* ma cui)
V-.u wil tìi! I «•wiytlift.u* tin* tinuk»| aflonK
Oyster Stews, that can’t be Beat.
I*' rtf - ll* •• SMak-. Pi.i K Steak*. Mu.tun Chop*,
II *I» .*: ! f-c-V 4 . Il - 1 Kolia. Hot MuHlim, and Game uf
.».! k:m!w
£'r lami:. mirKFN AM) CHAMPAGNE SUI*
I » r.a SKTW If T<» OKIfl U
U •• a.»* nr* pan 1 l*» furiti «fi «uppers for Balls, Par
t••. \ • a t?.. • rte«t.fi-.tit e
H um* ci)‘té ut nil Hour», Day tint! Night.
D;.« «I » ; L«v. v* H.t- 1 tafia Sal.ul), Malli M . I* .»• . r
'i ■ ■ J*. 1G >lui
HOPE AND NEPTUNE
RESTAURANT.
Cunningham & Tucker, Proprietors.
jCTZ Till. UNDHISIGNFD
b 7 !• <* .»• tu Inf rui ti.•*.r
Tv, tmndi un i ft.»- pul*ln:
1 - • ir*-n- rn'lv tin* ih# y have
* »k- . I' ■ ah ’ *? ; nun (I Btan’l. nf!'J nr* 1 al all times
i *n ! t . ‘-h t . ..r ler, at lh n Sh'ir’eSl notice,
iimiif an.l Oyster Suppers.
M* a* «i‘ *.l ! in*. I‘ |l. •f. Mut*'*i, G;v’«,
IU.'.A . .t>v:nu li .■. ! \ nf pNtiMii;. /•* l<*
•o’MM IJ. f 1 M a iU.KKU
THE CARY HOUSE,
f Hotel. Main St , I’! icerville,
PUOPIUETOH
Tir *y Fifjr
li U. CAHY
ili-
YOUNG’S HOTEL,
-Hi
• I ?»rm
l H- :
• !v \ MH 1
K*. M if
SAI HAN VUl.N'l
t -II
The “Old Arcade Restaurant”
it 1 .11 11;\ m i».
y HIARV MROIS A »«.
1'..... • .
' I ’
o: *i Al’. AM .•
' •<!••. At ,J. i
' I » V i I I
{fr i* • •;v 1111 %• i ■ • - i4 . ~ii *
•»* •• ■ I b>.i i liiii.t,A»>\ tUi.ti.iU, :...»>
I»v I*
{ I • li %KKI: V f. «.fpi.l -.1 a! all • -ir*. M »,
a f e var *> I lIH Al». I’IK. - • tKH, *••
•* . • *1 * • *. : I whulmk f r rela:i. ut Ir-.v. -t
ma» Vraf• •
|i« • l*\i,.. . * ;rii shed with Sup. eig. in -a
-- r * ilvlr. .f *l. rt nr - : ••
.».l.<i HI'NKY MMbN’i I «O . I*.-, p r Ut»r*.
WHAT CHEER HOUSE,
s tniAMENTo sTurrr,
SA N F 11 .musco.
l4it »'<it, ll« *1 anil * lieupt-Nt
HOUSE IN CALIFORNIA.
£■*/• B> i** ii»u i r. r • »it* and rtd.trg*-
lu* .■• •IV«an . • h i ■ i alati* til u., , apt I*
H. II WOODWAUD, Propri» -or.
>•»». hr*i. ..1 ».% 17. I'* 4l j> : ; ,
BIRD’S HOTEL,
F;vo«Pioof HmM.ng. Diamond Springs.
f PHK I*» r. • »* .|v ? »’ »• p• • *| tl l.u M
1 'l* f. * «tabi* ».tf t!c l»**t lie- pi'ir
I• •• •*• ' .»• | cl».*a:i at 1 r olii» ::if-.i t
lit 111 i»r V. .-..1
"mil • :mi ri»».\mi **t \r,r rnMi’Wv.
J » •11N A I 11: 1»
I 1 i : J ihlh, l-ri i. jan-*'
W. M. DONAHUE.
lint» 'AI l - lit VI I K IN
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC WINES,
LUiUOHS. ETC..
M \I.V STIU.KT. I’I.AUKKVII.I.K.
siiin.i: rooms.
jflOl CARY HOUSE UUILDINU. ;•%
MAGNOLIA,
/; A 1 >"■ Kl. !SS H/: I />.. A',
On Ha s.n’i.ui • i t . and Id Ifuradn W.v' .n Hoad.
{f'f N f it tl.i* pur* %*. I.liquor» and I •■•I « «caiv
in < .*hfn.i.i K* p|. ijr’il J. M. M.
“ TinrsNUG,”
TOMI. I IHtADI.KV I*K« MMIIK TO|{s,
Coh ma Street, corner ol Mam.
Main •tr*rt Kritranrr, thr'fifli Silhcritien**
< ig *r ’■‘tor**, r. J. ina alr** t l.n!ranee, iir»t diM.r
alK»\«- Main at reti. jj*.*l-3m
GREYHOUND SALOON,
F. Il lIIKMON,. ... fßOPttll.l. ill
Main Street, Dorsey’s Block,'
J yl* M ». »:»(% 114.K. Hill
BURNS & MeBRIDS,
U'l.nli**> ale and K tail Ifealen in
Groceries, Provisions, Etc.,
Fireproof huiMing. **n tic Plaza, and at the OLD
M'ullK, »ar I tdur Kiviiie,
ib deliver***! free nf charge, jeldni
M. STEINBERG,
PAWN BROKER.
MAIN STHFCT,
PUcerv lilt*.
Next door to Arvidsson's Jewelry Store.
MONEY LOANED.
(frlil
Ivi
S. SILBERSTIEN,
OPPOSITE THE CARY HOUSE.
CIGARS, TOBACCOS, FRUITS.
Nuts, Candies and Stationery.
Pf.iKXTTNK MKFUSCHAI M r >
A. A. VAN VOORHIES,
Win t.ISAI B AM< HFTIIL UKAI KH IN AI L KIM'S <*K
ADDLES, HARNESS,
Bridles, Whip», Spun», Leggina,
i Brindi* U*»inba, C*dlar«, Sin i
(diet, fiorite Shvets and Blank i
ctp, etc.
Fogethf r with a larg-’ and complete assortment of
EATUER, C ALP-SKINS, SHOE
riNDINOS, BHOEMAKEKB* KITS.
Htlier Preservative, 4c., 4c.. all of which b offered
Sacramento Price*.
New Iron Fire-Proof Block,
ietti) Main Mreet, Placervllle. |'hn
pTA MAN CAN t»KT ALONG WITHOUT adver
tising, and socan a »*ag»*o wheel without 111 CKS A
LAMB! KT> Auk Gi»«)C-b’it .t b«v hat I
John Ada mu uud Thomun JflTmon.
Tlui following graphic portrait.!of these
distinguished men is from the forthcoming
volumi' (the cicliti.» of liuiicrofl s History
ol the Uniti d Stales;
Jons a hams.
• hi the Uth ilay of February, John Ad
Sins resinned his M at in Congress, «iti.
Elbiidge Gerry for u colleague, in place
of the feeble Cushing, ami with instruc
tions from his constituents to establish
liberty in America upon s permanent ba
sis. llisnatt.ru was robust ami manly;
now lie was in the happiest mood of mind
for asserting the independence of his
country. He had ’confidence in the abil
ity of New Englnt.il to drive away their
enemy ; in Washington, as a brave and
prudent commander; in bis «if, who
cl.i'iTed him etili, the fortitude of woman
ly heroism ; in the cause of his country,
which s-emed so bound up with the wel
fare of mat.hind, that Providence could
not soil -r its defeat ; in himself, for his
convictions were clear, his will lixed, and
his mind prepared to let his little proper
ty and his lite go, sootier than the rights
of his country.
Looking into I.i.itself he saw weakness
es enough ; hut .leather tin anne-s nor dis
honesty, nor timidity. His over-weening
self esteem was Ids chicl blen.i-h ; and if
he compared biniseli «iti. hi-gloat fellow•
laborers, mere was some point in which
he was superior to any one of th-in ; he
iiad more learning than Washington, or
any other Au.e.i'-an statesman his age;
In tier 1 « h dg" of liberty n., founded in
law than Samuel Adams; clearer insight
into the constructive elements of govern
ment than Franklin; more powerful in de
bate than .tellers-•>. ; more courageous
m.-u-linc-s than Dickinson ; more force in
m-.ii.-n man-day ; au that By varying anil
i--jr,tong hisi-omparis-ths, could easily
fancy himself the greatest -if lie to all, I!-;
was capable id thinking ion.sell (ite cen
ter of any circle of whi-di be had been no
more limn a tangent. Ids vanity was in
such excess than in manhood it sometimes
confuseli his jniigmenl and in ng-- bewil
dered his memory ; hut the stain did not
reach hey ond the surface; it impaired the
bister, not the hardy jntegiity of his
character. Hi- «as humane and frank,
generous mid clement; yet he wanted that
s] hit of love which reconciles to being
I-o',-I.me. He could lint look with com
placency - ii those wlio excelled him, and
i-gaid- d another's palm as a wrung to
him -if; In- in ver sal plaeidily under the
si,a i- "I a greater reputation than Ids own,
and could try to jostle a.-i-h- the presump
tuous passenger of recognised superiority;
hut ids envy, though it laid open how
d- 1 ply Ids .self love was wounded, had
hat-ny a tinge of malignile-, and never led
him to delieli-iiis 1 r the sake of revenge.
Ii- i d his lame ii.J ;sliee w hen, later in
ul-, he represented himself ns Mill-ling
I’m-in pei-sei-utiim on u-'i-oiint of his early
/a ul for inili-peli-lenee ; he was no weak
ling, t i whine about injured feelings; he
went to his task blight and cheery and
brave he was the hammer and not the
anvil; and it was f r others to fear his
prowess and to shrink under his blows.
Ills courage was unlliii ,-hii-g in debate and
everyw here els--; he never knew what
l -ii is; Hail he g -lie into the army as he
e;. ■ h-iiged to do, he would have taken
tle-re the viti ie of t- my ranee, decision,
mi l intri pi dIV. To his latest old age Ills
iril was robust, buoyant, and joyous ;
b ■ s,a i n tint' s as inm-h pleasure as
jam in the world; nvl after his arm
•j uveinl ii'-d his eye grew dim, he was
r miy to b-giu life anew and tigni its bat
tles over again.
in bis youth he fi ll among the skeptics,
■-i.d read If -Imgliroke's works live limes
< : .g 1 .. an-1 ai-enstuin-l biniseli to reason
tree.y an-1 think boldly ; he t-slct-liled him
-■ It i pr-d- mi I im-taptiy-ieian, but only
-s.min' d t-.c spei-nluti >ns of others ;
ti.-itigli :.t Hot destim-l i-i he a minister,
h- lie -Hill- a ichel to Calvinism, and nevei
I.a 1 any nxe 1 n ligi-ms creed; imt forali
tiiat he was a staunch man of New Eng
lati I. and Ids lumi pai tiality tu his peo
ple. its institutions, its social condition
ur;-1 it« laws, followed him into Congress
an-1 ii- committees, and social life, lihe
t ired his judgment, ami clenched his pie
possessions, hut the elements in New
England that he loved most, were those
wlii-h were most friendly to universal
culture an 1 Republican equality. A poor
fanner's son bent on making his way into
the world, at twenty years old beginning
to earn his own bread, pinched anil starv
ed as master of a slingv country seool, he
formed early habits ol order and frugality,
and stendily advanced to fortune ; but
though exact in his accounts, there was
nothing niggarly in his thrift, null..bps
modest h- spitality was prompt and hear
ty. He loved homage, and it made him
blind ; to those who Haltered him he gave
his confidence freely, and olten unwisely;
ami w hile he watched the general move
ment of allairs with comprehensive saga
city, he w as never a calm observer of in
dividual men. He was of the choleric
temperament; though his trame w as com
piici nml huge, yet from physical organi
zation he was singularly sensitive ; could
break out into uncontrollable rage, and
with all his acquisitions, never learned to
rule his ow n spirit; hot his anger did not
drive him so much to do wrong, as to do
right ungraciously. No man was less
titled to gain his own ends by arts of in
discretion; he know not how to intrigue,
was indiscreetly talkative, ami almost
tinuight aloud ; whenever he sought to
win an uncertain person to his support,
his ways of courtship were uncouth,
so that lie made few friends except hy his
wi ight of character, ability, public spirit
and integrity; was unapt as the leader of
a party, and never appeared so well as
w hen he acted frolli himself.
Hating intolerance in all its forms, an
impassioned lover of civil liberty, as the
glory of man, and the best evidence and
the best result of civilization, he, of all
men in Congress, was incomparable ns a
dogmatist ; essentially right.ninded ; lov
ing to tench with authority ; pressing on
ward unsparingly with his argument; im
patient of contradiction; unequalled as a
positive champion of the right. He was
the Marlin Luther of the American Revo
lution, borne on to utter his convictions
fearlessly, by an impulse which forbade
him acting otherwise. He was now too
much in earnest, and now too much ele
vated by the greatness of his work, to
think of himself ; too anxiously desiring
to aid, to disparage those who gave it.
In the fervor of Ids activity, his faults
disappeared. His intellect and public
spirit, all the noblest parli-, ol his nature,
n ero called into the fullest exercise, and
strained to the uttermost of their healthful
powers. Combining more than any other,
furness of sight and fixedness of belief,
with cournge and power of utterance, he
was looked up to ns the ablest debater in
Congress. Preserving some of the habits
of the lawyer, lie was redundant in words,
aiid cumulative in argument ; hut Ids
warmth and sincerity kept him from the
affectations of a pedant or a rhetorician
Forbearance was no longer in season; the
irrepressible talent of preserving, per
emptory assertion was wanted ; the more
he was borne along by his own vehement
impulses, the better ; now Ids country,
humanity, the age, the hour, demanded
that the i ighl should he spoken out, his
high excitement had noi the air of pass
ion, hut appeared as it was, the clear per
ception »l the sublimity of his task.—
When, in the life of a Mate-man. were six
months of more importance to the race,
diali these six months in tin: career of
John Adams ?
THOMAS j MU,ii-os.
The resolution of < 'ongress ehanged the
old thirteen lii iti -h Colonies into free and
independent States. It remained to ret
fort the ren-oiis for lids act, mid the prin
ciples which the new people would own
as their guides Of the Committee ap
pointed for that duly. Thomas Jefferson,
of Virginia, had received the largest mini
her o' votes, and was in that manner sin
gled out to <it aft the confession of faith of
the rising empire, lie owed this distinc
tion to respect for tin; colony which he
represented, to the consummate ability of
the State papers which he hud .already
written, and to that general favor which
follows merit, modesty, and a sweet dis
position ; but the quality which specially
fit fed him forth? ta-uVus Tho eyni[,T
thetic character of Ids nature, by which
he was able with instinctive perception to
read the soul of the nation, and having
collected in himself it- best thoughts and
noblest fe-tlings, to give them out in char
and hold words, mixed with tei little of
himself, that his country as it went along
with him, found nothing hut what it re
cognized as its own. No man of Ids cen
tury had more trust in the collective rea
son and conscience of Ids fellow men, or
better knew how to take their counsel ;
and in return he came to be a ruler over
the willing in the world of opinion. Hum
to an independent fortune, lie had from
Ids youth been nil indefatigable student.
Of scalili temperament and a philosophic
cast of mind, always temperate in Ids
mode of life, and decorous in Ids manners,
he was a perfect master of his passions.
11 • was of a delicate organization, and fond
of elegance ; Ids tastes were refined ; la
boi inns in Ins application to business or
the pursuit of knowledge, music, the
most spintimi of all the ph a.-ui es of the
senses, was Ids favorite recreation ; and
be took a never failingdeligbt in the beau
ty of the various scenery of rural life, —
building biniseli a home in the loveliest
region of his native Slate, lie was an ex*
pert horseman; and he also delighted to
roam the mountains on foot. The range
ol his knowledge was very wide ; lie was
familiar with the literature of (ireeceand
Home; hud an appetite for mathematics
and mechanics; and loved especially the
nattnul sciences; scorning nothing lint
metaphysics, li: it is.li governors and olii
cinls luci introduced into Williamsburg!)
the prevalent free-thinking of Englishmen
of that c. ntury, and Jefferson had grown
up in that atmosphere; he was not only
a haler of priest craft, hut of superstition
and bigotry and intolerance; lie was he
lieved to he indifferent to religion, yet Ids
instincts all inclined him to trace every
fact to a general law. and to put faith m
ideal truth; the Woild of the senses did
not lumini Ids aspirations, and he believed
more th in he was himself aware of.
He was an idealist in his habits of
thought and life, as indeed is every one
who has an abiding and thorough conti
deuce in the people ; and he was kept so
in spile of circumstances by the irresisti
ble bent of Ids character, lie had great
power in mastering details as well as in
searching for general principles. His pro
fession was that of the law, in which he
was methodical, painstaking and success
fui ; at the salilo timo he studied law asa
science, and was well read in the law of
nature and of nations. Whatever he had
to do, it was his custom to prepare him
self for it carefully ; and in public life,
w hen others were in fault,they often found
that lie had already hewed out the way;
so that in council, men willingly gave him
the lead, which he never appeared to
claim, ami was always able to undertake.
Hut he rarely spoke in public; and was
less lit to engage in the war of debate,
t(inn calmly to sum up its conclusions.—
It was a beautiful trait in his character
that he was free from envy; and hail he
kept silent, John Adams would have been
deprived of the best witness to his great
ness ns the ablest advocate and defender
of independence. A common object now
riveted the two statesmen together in I tic
closest bonds. I cannot lìmi that at that
period Jefferson had any enemies ; by the
general consent of Virginia, he already
stood first among her civilians. Just thir
ty-three years old, married, and happy in
his family, affluent, w ith a bright career
before him, he was no rash innovator by
Ins character or his position ; if Ids con
victions drove him to command indepen
dence, it was because lie could no longer
live with honor under the British Consti
tution, which lie still acknowledged to be
the best the world had thus far seen.—
Ilia enunciation of general principle» was
fearless; but he was no visionary devotee
of abstract theories, which, like disem
bodied souls, escape from every embrace;
nurseling of Ids country, the offspring of
his time, he set about the work of a prac
tical statesman, and his measures grew so
naturally out of previous law and the
facts of the past, that they struck deep
root and have endured.
4«•» »
Wk esteem most tilings according to
their intrinsic worth ; it is strange that
man should be an exception to the rule.
We prize a horso for Ids strength and
courage, not for Ids furniture. We prize
a man for his sumptuous palace, his great
train, his vast revenue ; yet these are his
furniture, not his mind.
It is not the multitude of applause, hut
ilio good sense of applauders, which give*
value to reputation.
Wkutu makes u man proud, when he
has little le.:s lo he proud about.
Klrtllan afa Mpcakcr In Ki>kl>u(l.
Notwithstanding tue great ado, llic con
sumption of time, expenditure of bri nili,
the display of eloquence, the wire-pulling,
log rolling, the plots and counter-plots,
threats, violence and dangers to the con
federacy, that arise from efforts to elect a
Speaker to our Congress, the ceremony of
inducting that officer into his place is a
very tame alfa ir. All that there is of it is,
that a couple of respectable members,
dressed in very plain style, take the Speak
er by the arm, politely escort him to the
(. hair, gracefully how in recognition of the
discharge of their duties, the Speaker
makes a speech of ahouTa dozen lints af
ter an apparent manner, and then an
nounces that the House is duly organized
and ready to proceed to business. Busi
ness is thereupon opened, as is evinced by
some member getting up to make a mo
tion, while the others take to private con
versation, to planting a fresh quid of to
bacco, or stepping out for a little Jamaica.
All this, perhaps, is in sympathy with the
genius o! cur government, and the liberal,
lice and ea*y, and Kepublicun notions of
our people.
Bui quite differently is the thing dono
in Bugiami, under the influence of its an
cient customs, and the showy ceremonies
of the Government. There the thing is
done in this wise :
On llie day fixed for the meeting of the
new Parliament.the members of the House
of Commons are summoned by the gen
tleman-usher of the Black Hod to attend
the Queen, or her Commissioners in the
House of Lords. Proceeding to that Thaiu
lur, and standing at the Bar, tor railed in
end of the House,) they make tin ir obe
siaiict! to tire Throne; that is they arc
supposed to bow to it. Then in the
Queen's name, the Lord Chancellor com
mand-, them to choose « Speaker for their
House, who shall not only be their Chair
man and regulator of their proceeding!*
during their sittings, but also the monili
piece or channel between them, and the
other brunches of the Legislature, during
the existence of that Parliament. Then,
(he Commons, returning to the House,
thus chooses one of their number.
On the death of a Speaker, or on the as
sembling of every new Parliament, the
Mace—a massive truncheon of richly carv
ed silver-gilt, which O.lver Cromwell con
: fTdiil.ltlmi.-IV"Called a "bauble* 4 When he
dismissed the Long Parliament, which lies
upon a table w hile the Speaker is In the
i Chair, Is placed under the table. Member
! i i.-es, and in a abort speech moves that a
member, whom he names, shall take the
Chair. This motion being seconded and
no opposition offered, the mover and sec
onder lead the person so named to the Bur
of the House; they then conduct him,
bowing three limes, up to the Speaker’s
Chair, w here being placed, he stands up
and returns thanks to the House, and after
receiving the directions of the House re
i speeding the requests to he made on bis
appeal ance before the Sovereign, adjourns
the House to the day on which it has been
arranged (hat lie shall he presented fur
royal approval.
On that day the Commons proceed to
the bar of the House of Lords, with the
Speaker at their head, make their obesi
ance ns before, and tile Lord Chancellor,
acting in the name of the Sovereign, ad
mits him as Speaker.
That functionary (who is then arrayed
in a black robe and plain w ig) then prays
the Sovereign that the Commons may
have freedom from arrest for debt and dis
turbances; freedom of speech in their own
House ; free access to the Sovereign ; and
that all their proceedings may receive a
favorable construction. These demands
granted, the Speaker and Commons retil o
to their own chamber.
The Speaker then puts on his magnifi
cent Stale Kobe, still' with gold lace and
embroidery, and u full bottomed white
wig, siali as Judges and Queen’s Counsel
wear, on occasions ol great display. Tims
attired, lie heads the Commons when they
are summoned to attend at tin* Bur of the
House of Lords and hear the Queen’s
speech. Returning to the House of Com
mons, lite Speaker reads the Royal speech
(merely a ministerial programme filled
will) empty generalities,) after which the
business of the session commences, by
some member moving an address to the
Queen, thanking her fur her " most gra
cious speech.”
By virtue of bis office, the Speaker is
“ the first Commoner in England,” rank
ing immediately after Barrens of the Tin
ted Kingdom, created since 18fil. The
Speaker is elected ht/ore the members
have taken the usual oaths ns sudi.
—— « -•••-»- • - —•
"I Dost Danck!" —The papers are
telling a good story of a plain unlettered
man, from a hack county in the State of
Alabama, who arriving in "’uscaloosa on
the Sabh , went early to church. He
selected u seat in a convenient pew, and
awaited patiently the assembling of the
congregation. Tire services commenced.
Presently the music of a full organ burst
upon his astonished car ; lie had never
heard one before. At the same time the
gentleman who owned the pew came up
the aisle, w ith Ins Indy leaning upon his
arm. As he approached the door of the
pew, ho motioned to give place to the In
dy, This movement the country nino did
not comprehend, and from the situation of
the gentleman and lady, associated as it
was in Ids mind with (he music, lie imme
diately concluded that a cotillon,or French
contra dance, or some other dauco was in
tended. Kising partly from Ids seat, he
said to him : " Excuse me, sir ; excuse
me, if you please, I don't dauci-.”
P.vn(tv or Reason ino. —Lately, at a
distribution of prizes in a Herman village,
a little girl, seven years old, whose pa
rents had just been turned out of their
lodgings, because they had failed to pay
their rent, was asked by the rector :
•* Have vou studied sacred history, my
child V"
• " Yes, sir.”
11 Do you know tho scripture history of
creation ? ’
“ 1 know that (iod made all."
“ Why were Adam and Eve turned out
of Paradise?"
Tho child hesitated a moment,ami then
fixing her large blue eyes on the examin
er replied—
*' Probably tho reason they were turned
ont was—because —0,1 know! they could
not pay their rent !"
- ■■ ■
Slanuers, issuing from beautiful, red
lips, arc like foul spiders crawling from
the blushing luart of a rose.
! WHOLE No. 336.
How CoNOKEM EIKCTS THE PRESIDENT
and Vice President.—lt may be useful
just about this lime to reproduce the state
ment which the approach of a Presiden
tial election makes opportune every four
years ;
The House of Representatives has no
tiling whatever to do with the election of
a Vice President, nor the Senate with the
election of a President. The powers ol
each body are distinct and entirely inde
pendent of each other.
If no President be chosen by the elec
tors, the House of Representatives may
choose the President, their choice being
restricted to the persons having the high
est numbers of votes, not exceeding three,
‘on the list of those voted for for President.
If no Vice President be chosen by the
electors, the Senate shall choose a \ ico
President from the highest two numbers
on the list of those voted for (or President.
ll the House fall to elect a President be
fore the 4th of March next following, then
the Vice President, whether elected hy
the electors or hy the Senate, shall act as
President.
The rule or manner of voting under
which the Senate chooses the Vice Presi
dent is exactly the reverse of that of the
House in choosing a President—each be
ing the reverse of the general principle
or basis upon which the respective bodies
arc organized. The House, representing
the people, and ordinarily voting per cap
it"., vole for President by the States, the
representation from each Slate having one
vote, and a majority of all the States he
ing necessary to a choice. The Senate,
representing the Stales —in theory, at
least, and the manner of electing Senators
votes for Vice President per capita, each
Senator being entitled to a vole, and a
majority el' all the Senators being neces
sary to u choice.
A Lumi Time io do an Errand.—Thu
following good story, says an exchange,
was related to us hy a gentleman whose
veracity is unquestioned :
•‘About ten years ago, there lived on
the St. Charles’road, nine or ton hiiles
from St. Louis, a family hy the name of
Stringer. The eldest son, Jacob, or Jaka
Stringer, as he was called, was a most ec
centric genius, and-took every occasion to
show Ids oddness, fine day, while sitting
hcfnnrThc fire whittling a shingle, his
mother said to him, “ Jake, i want you to
go to the store (about a half-mile distant)
and get me a quarter’s worth of sugar,
and a quarter’s worth of soap. Now,
mind what I tell yon, Jake, and be quick
about it." Jake roused himself up, brush
ed the whittiings from ids lap, and started
forth on his errand, clothed in blue fus
tian breeches and vest of the same mate
rial, and a thick woolen shirt, without any
coat. He did not return that day ; and
Ids mother walled long and anxiously for
her sugar and soap, but in vain. Ten
years passed by, and no tidings were
heard of the errand. Yesterday, as the
family were sitting down to their Thanks
giving dinner, the door opened, and in
came a tall, moustached, good-looking
man, with some bundles in his hand. It
was Jake Stringer. All the family sprang
to their feet in astonishment ; but the mo
ther and Jake were perfectly cool. “ Mo
ther,” said Jake, “ here’s your sugar and
soap.” “Lay them on the table and eat
your dinner, said Mrs. Stringer, "you
ought to he whipped, Jake, for being gone
so long." "
Summary or Women.—The Boston Cou
rier gives the following spicy “ Summary
of Women,” as analyzed by Michelet in
Ids new hook :
“ A pair of rosy lips is chiefly signifi
cant (Is the natural barrier of a set of
bones which arc in constant need of a
dentist's care; and the husband's kiss
must tie bestowed with caution, lost per
chance some disorder incident to the feed
ing of very small children may render it
unpleasant or painful. A beautiful wo
man is a bundle of feminine diseases, in
mysterious complication combined be
neath a fair exterior. Her progress from
infancy to maturity is described as njock
cy describes the growth of a horse. Sho
is an animal of one texture, which, tho*
gifted with speech, usually remains silent,
uncomplaining, suffering, in the presence
of llie great rough, coarse, tyranical crea
ture, inun, who uses her to abuse her, and
then throws her away like a squeezed or
ange."
llvi'EltuoLE.—A Vermont horse-jockey,
boasting one day of Ids horse, gravely as
serted that he could trot seventeen miles
an hour.
“ Seventeen miles an hour?” says a by
stander, “ I guess as how that’s somethin’
of a thumper.”
"My dear fellow," replied the Green
Mountaineer, "seventeen miles is no great
shakes for the critter, now; for when ho
was hut three years old, the lightning
killed tlic old marc, and chased the colt
all around the pasture without getting
within striking distance of him."
► ■—
The Census Agents And great difficulty
in ascertaining the ages of girls, a largo
majority of them being “just sixteen."—
In one family, in a neighboring town,
there were found to ho twelve girls be
tween ten and sixteen, and the mother of
the lot was ascertained to be just twenty
-4 ■■ . •
“ Bv Jove ! Harry, 1 was deuced sorry
to hear that you had broken your arm.—
1 suppose it pained you awfully, didn't
it ?" Harry, with much feeling—“'Twas
’nt the pain, old boy—oh, no ! It was
"being deprived of wearing my hands in
my pockets, which broke me down !"
Many a poor man could build a house
over his head and own it, with the price
of the cigars and tobacco he has used ; to
say nothing of the worse than useless
drinks of beer and bad spirits, in which,
from time to time, he lias allowed himself
to indulge.
As (foi.o is found but here and there
upon tho earth, so it is with lovo in hu
man life. We meet it a little in tho hearts
of children and in our households ; but it
is here and there a scale of gold, and a
whole continent of earth.
A Lecturer addßssing a Mechanic's
Institute, contended, with tiresome pro
lixity, that “(Art could not improve upon
Nature," untirbhe of the audience, losing
all patience, set the audience in a roar by
exclaiming, “ How would you look with
out your w ig ?"

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