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Gigantic Scheme to Prey Upon \ Fast Young Noblemen. SO HESITATION AT HOMICIDE. A Successful Confidence Man Among Brit ish Blueblood* — Conspiracy Involving Prominent Money Lenders—Big Life In surance Payments Secured by Murder. ' Alfred John Monson la Under arrest In London for complicity in a gigantic scheme of murder. Monson is the same man who ^ in 1893 was tried for the murder of Lieu tenant Dudley Cecil Hambrough at Ardla mont, Scotland. He benefited $100,000 by Hambrough’s death. They went out to gether, and Hambrough was found dead, shot by Mouson's gun. The jury returned the peculiar Scottish verdict of “Not prov en." At Tangier, in Africa, Owen Callan is on trial for the attempted murder of Her bert Birkin, a rich young Englishman. Birkin has testified that he had executed life insurance policies for $250,000 to ( ATTEMPT TO KITX BIHKIN. money lenders whose names he had for- ! gotten. It is believed that Callan, the money lenders and Monson were all ac complices in a conspiracy to murder Bir kin. Monson, who is not yet 35 years old, is credited with having ruined more young men than any other person in England. He is the most conspicuous character in j the fast set of young men who pervade the music halls and night clubs of Loudon, j His notoriety alone is sufficient to attract j attention from many newcomers to the ! metropolis. Monson is hand in glove with ! more young noblemen than any other man j in London. He knows all the fast scions of the great houses who come to London [ in the season. When one of them comes into his titles and estates, he is, if disposed to go the | pace, Soon found in Monson’s company, ! and long as his money lasts he is sur- j rounded by seeming friends. But there is j nothing new in swindling a spendthrift of his money. What has made Monson j notorious is the number of suspicious deaths in which he iias been concerned. These were all the deaths of influential ' young men who were friends of his and who had recently been insured for enor mous sums of money. He is supposed to be the originator and ; chief of a gang of conspirators now oper- j ating in England with the object of vie- j timizing British and American insurance companies, trust companies and similar financial institutions. The young noble- j men with whom Monson associates attract to him great numbers of untitled sons of the wealthy classes. Among these people In England it is no unusual thing for sin gle individuals to carry life insurances of $350,000 to $500,000. They have also tin uer j^riLisu lihw puwci uvci ««go earns of money dependent upon another life, so that the deaths of people who never knew Monson may benefit his victims or himself. London was for a long time puzzled to know what Monson was up to. Every body who met him—and he knows thou sands of people in London—was assured that here was a man who would never lie idle. His face is full of resolution and energy. Ho has a strong character and is a natural leader. One of his most surpris ing characteristics is his power over young j men almost after the first meeting. He | exercises a great and peculiar fascination. ! It was supposed for a time that Monson ! was living an extravagant life upon the I money be acquired through the death of I Hambrough, but after a time the records ■ of the bankruptcy court—that great clear ing house for broken fortunes and ruined noblemen—began to throw his name to the surface. Almost every young swell who came Into the bankruptcy court was a friend of Monson. Most of them were indebted to him. In a great many cases he it was who encouraged them to squander their fortunes and then introduced them to the money lenders. The mere fact that a man was bankrupt was no reason why he shouldn’t have plenty of money if he were a friend of Monson. Did ho not have a life insurance policy? Was ho not heir to some property in which some other living person had a life interest? Was he not heir to an entailed estate, no matter how far removed? These were only a few of the forms of property upon which Monson knew how to raise plenty of ready cash. One must remember that there is no usury law In England, and that rates of interest as high as 75 per cent or 100 per cent or 300 per cent ure logal and can be ; collected by law if once the signature of i the victim is secured. The majority of Monson’s victims are i never heard of in the law courts, as their j families pay almost any sum of money to I save the family honor. It is, however, a j far more serious matter in which he is now concerned. ! This is what is known as the Tangier mv'Sterv. It bears a strikimr resemblance In sdtno of its features to the Ardlamont mysterjr. Both are also suggestive of the celebrated Burchell-Pelly murder case, which occurred near Woodstock, Ont., a few years rigo and excited both continents, j In that easoNJSeginald Burchell, an Oxford j man of good family, like Monson, decoyed ■ young Englishmen to Canada to murder i them. He was tried and convicted for the murder of Douglas Raymond Pclly and was duly hanged. The Tangier mystery is j being closely investigated at the piusent time by tho Scotland Yard police. Herbert Blrkin, tho victim of the Tan gier tragedy, was one of four sons of a | millionaire Nottingham lace manufactur er. Upon the death of their grandfather, William Clift Max ton, each of these four sons is to inherit $2,500,000. The family Is enormously wealthy, for besides tho grandfather’s great fortune the father of the four Blrkin boys has millions In his own right. Herbert Blrkin, accompanied by a valet and a man described as Owen Callan. ar rived at Tangier about two months ago and put up at the _ Bristol. hotel. . They. epofitniieimaio gigsrasrang ana -piayriig billiards. Birkin was paying tha expanses of the small party, and Callan appeared to be a friend of his. Early on the evening of May 19 Birkin and Callan visited the Continental hotel and played a game of billiards. When they had finished playing, Callan was heard to invite Birkin to take a walk down to the beach. Birkin refused to go, but some time after both of them were seen sitting on the wall leading to the beach. They came back to the hotel about midnight and wont to their sitting room. It has now been proved that Callan asked Birk in to go to the window and see if the street electric lights were out. Birkin did so. As he was standing there Callan made a rush at him and attempted to throw him from the window. Birkin managed to break away, and he ran down the stairs calling for assistance. Callan rushed after him, caught him near the room of the pro prietor of the hotel, seized him by the throat and drew a pistol. He fired at Bir kin, the bullet entering one side of his face and passing out of the other. Then Callan drew a slungshot and began to beat Birkin about the head. At this stage the hotel porters arrived and separated the men. They were taken to the British con sulate, and when Birkin recovered Callan was put on trial. Birkin testified that ho had made a will making Calian his sole executor, i his he had sent to Sam Lewis, the London usur er, in order to raise money. An investigation took piaee in London at tho same time. This brought cut many extraordinary facts. It appears that a few months ago Herbert Birkin was insured in 15 of tho leading London life insurance offices. The aggregate amount of insur ance upon his life at the time he went to Tangier was $375,000, tho policies being conditional upon his jiredceeasing his mil lionaire grandfather, who is now 87 years of age. They were, therefore, policies for onlv a very short time. In order to die within the’ specified time, Birkin would havo to die quickly. His grandfather dur ing tho past few weeks has been quite weak, which may have hastened the trip to Tangier. Tho policies were taken out by tho Life Interest and Reversionary Se curity Corporation, with offices in Picca dilly. Birkin knew Monson, and Monson is said to have arranged many of the details of tho insurance. There is no knowing what documents he may not have secured from Birkin. Birkin’s family are said to havo been ignorant of his_ life insurance and tho companies refuso to tell in whose favor the policies havo been made out, their mouths being sealed until the Scot land Yard detectives have finished their work. HOW STARVATION KILLS. A Doctor Describes the Horrors of Being Without Nourishment. Dr. William C. Ussery says that the first objective symptom of starvation is a loss of weight and flesh. This is produced by the absorption and destruction of fat, which is deposited throughout the body. The length of time required to produce great emaciation and death will of course depend upon the corpulency of tho indi VlUUcll. All aTOiagO m *VH days or a week tho cheeks become hollow, tho arms and legs soft and flabby, lines and wrinkles appearand a general shrink ing is manifest. Prominent among these symptoms are tho sunken eyeballs and staring pupils. Behind every eye is a soft protective cushion of fat, widely i3 the last to be absorbed. As this disappears tho eyeballs retract, the pupils dilate, dark shadowy appear around them, the cheek bones stand out prominently with their covering of wrinkled skin, the lips retract from tho teeth, and the corners of the mouth droop, all of which goes to make ; up a horrible, unmistakable picture of , death by slow starvation. All this time similar changes are going ' on in the internal organs. They, too, are supplied with surplus fuel in the shape of fat. Hanging over the intestines is an enormous apron of pure fat. In fact, tho Intestines themselves are held in place by i moorings which are nothftg more than j ribbons of fat. The kidneys are always surrounded by more or less fatty tissue, j while the various other organs havo a ! varying amount of the same material. After this surplus has been burned the destruction of the actual tissues and or gans begins. From now on the process is rapid, as the less of fuel there is the great er becomes the demand for sustenance. Tho last fat to disappear is that around the base of the heart. This supply once destroyed, the heart muscle rapidly degen erates, and death follows from exhaustion. It cannot be said that any particular func tion or organ is tho direct cause of death. If, in addition to the withdrawal of food, water is abstained from, tho suffer ings and rapidity of emaciation are great ly intensified. Tho tissues are literally parched or dried, and, liko well seasoned wood, bum all the more rapidly. The ac tual physical discomfort produced by thirst is probably the greatest torment a human being can undergo. When we con sider that about 70 per cent of the body consists of water and that each individual coll of the milliards which compose the whole joins in the cry for moisture, the intense mechanical drying effect upon the eyes, tongue, nose and throat, the actual pulverization of the internal membranes, together with the demand for food, we can begin to conceivo the awful torment which follows. There Is no reason why a man should starve voluntarily. Physical force can be used to steady his head, when it is a sim ple matter to introduce a tube through hi3 nose and into his stomach. Through this tube condensed and nourishing food can be conveyed. By no muscular power or voluntary offort can an individual prevent tins procedure once his head is held Im movable. This method of feeding is often resorted to in cases of lockjaw or other dis eases in which there is an inability to open the mouth. Mouth gags or openers and stomach tubes aro regular equipments of every asy lum for the insane. This method some times fails because of a failure of the gag to stay in position. In these cases it is usual to introduce a tube through the nose. The only drawback is that a small er tube must bo used, which, of course, prolongs the operation. It is difficult to say at just what point in a case of starvation feeding may bo com menced and life saved. Like that vague, indefinite boundary between health and disease, daylight and darkness, virtue and vice, or any extremes, there arc no well marked indications. We believe that niqjst physicians agree as to the methods of pro cedure when feeding is resumed. It should bo in small quantities and at frequent in tervals. A stomach—in fact, the entiro system—when deprived of food at once trios to adjust itself to do without it. Na ture does all things lavishly and grossly. To repair an insignificant scratch she will send a thousandfold more material than is utilized. So witli any process. What she can’t get she tries to so adapt the economy as to do without. A sudden supply of food to such a stomach would act as an irritant and produce immediate nausea and vom iting. Mme. Carnot, widow of the murdered statesman. Is iivlng in seclusion near Par WftV» )~r>r rrrp ri J Irr'*’’. Recently the brother of her husband's murderer wrote her. sayirygr that, owing: to his relationship to the assassin, no one wr^:ld elvA b'm *>mrUoy--*f Mme Par not saw the hardness of the case, and at cnce promised to keep him in work aa iong as he lives* AN OCEAN WILDCAT. (LIEUT. COMMANDER WAINWRIGHT FOUGHT LIKE ONE AT SANTIAGO. Who and What the Plucky Commander of the Gloucester Is and Was—Born In the Navy—The Craft He Has Made Fa mous. In tho course of a decade or perhaps a dozen years there will be a boy and a book such as do not today exist. The boy will belong to the new generation, Tho book will be an up to date history of the United States. This boy of the future will turn over tho leaves of this coining book until ho finds a chapter beaded “Spanish-American LIEUT. COMMAUDEK HICHAP.D WAINWP.IGHT. War.” He will stop turning at a picture of a sea fight. There will be lots of smoko, and tHe surface of tho wator will be full of spouting fountains, which the boy will understand are where shots are striking. In the foreground, partly enveloped in smoke, will be seen a yaehtlike craft with many evidences of activity about her. Off f at a distance will be seen two large, black, low lying craft which are being rapidly punctured, evidently by the guns of the ship in tho foreground. Underneath and around the sides of the illustration will be tho story of how Lieutenant Command er Wainwright fought and helped to sink the terrors of the Spanish navy at Santi ago harbor. The boy will read the story and make up his mind that if he does not get a chance to become an actor he will enter the navy and bo a Wainwright. The man who has added such an inter esting and picturesque chapter to our rec- j ord of naval heroes might be said to be . another American of the Hobson typo. 1 Like Hobson, he is one of the silent men. j Ordinarily of a mild, pacific nature, he is a very demon when roused. He has not a three inch chin for nothing. And if ever a strong nature had cause : for being roused it was Commander Wain- ' Wright’s. He was executive officer of the ; Maine when she was blown up in Ha- j vana harbor. His wrath at the dastardly deed did not. flare up in a moment. For weeks ho went about his dutios, WOrEing on me wreuu uuu neijjiug recover the bodies of his slain compan- ; ions. Thun ho labored incessantly to find ; evidence on which to convict tho Span iards. You might have thought that ho j had almost forgotten tho Maine. So deep j was the wrath which he was nursing that it showed itself on the surface only when he refused to step foot in Havana until, as ho put it, he could go in at the head of a body of marines. It was not until nearly six months after i Wainwright commenced to get mad that j he allowed his anger full swing. That j occasion was at Santiago harbor when 1 ho saw Cervcra’s fleet steaming out to ; meet its doom. The executive officer of tho Maine had in the meantime! been '< given independent command of the littlo Gloucester, a converted pleasure yacht, j With nothing more formidable than six j pounder guns and his own unabated ! wrath Wainwright sailed in to avenge tho j Maine. Ho fought liko a veritable wildcat i of the ocean. Picking out tho two formi- i dable torpedo boat destroyers Pluton and Furor, he peppored away, helped some by . the larger ships, until both were helpless wrecks. Later ho had the satisfaction of receiving on his boat as prisoners the Spanish admiral and the survivors of his i staff. Lieutenant Commander Wainwright has , been in the navy from tho day of his birth. ! He is the son of Commodore Wainwright, ; to which fact ho owes his appointment to j the service. Ho entered it as a midship- \ man Sept. 2S, 1864, and was gpomoted to ; ensign April 1!), 1369: to master July 12, j 1870; to lieutenant Sept. 25, 1873, and to ■ lienfronrint commander Sent. 19. 1394. His last duty before he was assigned to tho Gloucester was on tho battleship Maine, on which he was executive officer. Tho Gloucester, which under Wain wright's command has become such a famous craft, was formerly the yacht Cor sair, owned by ,T. Picrpont Morgan, tho J New York banker. She was one of the numerous pleasure craft acquired by the government at tho opening of the war. She was given a thin coat of armor, a few THE GLOUCESTER. small guns and sent to do dispatch duty. It was never expected that she would tac kle anything half so formidable as a tor pedo boat destroyer, much less two of them at once. Before she became part of the United States navy the Corsair was known to the Wall street brokers as the “Stock Ex change annex. ” Her cabin was the scene of more momentous Wall street conferences than were held on land. _ . T«*a*ln<r Animal*. Teasing of young animals on the farm should never be tolerated. It may be very funny to see the young things make use of their tender horns and stamping of feet, etc., but as they grow o-lder and learn to knfrw their strength, they often become vicious, and tfien some day in a fit of bad temper they are liable to injure some member of the family or strangers which may happen to be passing by arc very likely to be attacked by vicious animals. Give all animate on the farm kind but firm treatment. Animals should be made to both respect and loiove their attendants, but thjte cannot be ac compifshed if thejr are allowed to be teased.— i Exchange. ‘ RUNNING BLOCKADES. Desperate Chances Taken by Daredevil Skippers. DISCOVERY OP A BLOCK .VDE RUNNER. Major William A. Campbell of Los An geles was a blockade runner during the civil war and tells some thrilling stories of adventure. “Tho necessity of getting southern cotton to England for uso in tho j factories, ’’ says ho, “caused the induce- j ment for blockade running, and the pur- j suit, if it may be called that, sprang up j rapidly. People who were not in the en- j terpriso can have no idea theso days how alluring blockade running was. Cotton was liought in the Confederacy for 25 cents ; and 30 cents a pound in gold or its equiv- ! alent and sold outside for 81.60 and 81.80 . per pound. Many a cargo that cost $15,- i 000 in Georgia and Alabama was sold in tho British ports for $150,000. I knew a cargo on the Red river that had cost S18, 000 to sell for nearly 8200,000. “A blockade runner was painted a dead gray, so that she could not easily be dis tinguished in tho dark. Tho boat was j built with a double set of boilers, and prior to making the coast steam was got up on all the boilers, so as to give the ship all the steam she could carry. Every ves sei naci steam mow ou cocks uoiuw uiu water line. No lights were shown on tho vessel while at sea, and all vessels burned nnthraeite coal, which is comparatively smokeless and cost from $18 to $20 per ton. The crew were not even allowed to smoko, for fear the sparks might be seen by the guarding vessels. No dogs or roost ers were allowed on board ship. Officers and men whilo running the blockade were always in their stocking feet. A man coughed and revealed the presence of a blockade runner once, and the craft and crew were captured. White suits were not even worn by tho crew. “Oh, yes, I have had many an exciting time in running Uncle Sam’s blockades. I recall one experience very well. It was in the early summer of 1863 when I had an offer made me in Wilmington, N. C., by an agent of a New Orleans stock com pany to take command of the English built blockade runner Jane. The Jane was built at Newcastle-on-Tyne and was a propeller measuring about 200 feet in length and drawing ten feet of water. Her hold admitted of 000 bnlesof cotton. I was offered as my compensation for com mand of the Jane $7,000 for every round trip I should make, the money to bo paid in gold, one-half In Nassau and one-half in Wilmington, each payment to tie made immediately upon my arrival at the places named. The distance from Nassau to Wil mington was 1,140 miles. I accepted tho terms offered and took passage for Nassau in a blockade runner called the Broncho. Tho Broncho ran through the fleet off Wilmington without discovery and was fast approaching the Bahama coast when tho Santiago de Cuba made her appearance on tho horizon. The fleet Federal steamer saw us ituuubk as soon as we uiu nei, anw tho race commenced. But it was no use. The old Broncho was anything hut a match for Uncle Sam’s racer, and finally, j when tho Santiago de Cuba yawed off a couple of points, just enough to bring her | broadside guns to bear when trained sharp | forward, the Broncho brought out a white j flag. “An officer from Undo Sam’s ship 1m- | mediately boarded us. Every one was trans- j ferred and examined, and then, on the ap- j proach of a Bahama schooner, acting as : tender to tho Federal fleet, all of us who were passengers were permitted to go aboard and continue our journey. X ex pected when the Broncho surrendered that I was good for Fort Warren, but as plain Mr. Edwin Davis, an English passenger, I was allowed tu proceed on my journey. “I found the Jane in port loaded up and ready for a run. We started at once for Wilmington. I was considerably disap pointed to find the Jane unable to make : much more than eight knots an hour. I j saw at once that any chase by a blockad ing ship meant sure capture, and that suc cess depended wholly upon not being dis covered. vvo slipped into wummgiuu . without a mishap. On about the first run j out I had to play foxy. It was the custom of all blockade runners about to run out j ro steam down tho Capo Fear rivor to just inside of Fort Caswell and then await j night for a dash through the lines. All j during the day the Federal vessels could ; see us at anchor inside, and I havo known j as many as 80 vessels to be at tho South- j port anchorngo at one time, all waiting for a favorable chance to make a dash. Slack high water was the time usually chosen or, hotter still, just on the last of tho flood tide, which gavo ore a little more chance of getting free. In the event of run- i aing aground. 1 “On their first run out the night was dark ana overcast. 1 ncacea tno 'ane out over tho bar and stood to the southward and eastward. Tho vessel had not cleared ! the bar more than a couple of miles when j right after me under full headway I made ; out in chase a blockading steamer. Ilow long ho had seen me I do not know. Pos sibly he made mo out as I passed tho bar and perhaps purposely allowed mo a suffl- i cient free run to enable hint to get be tween me and the bar channel. As I saw i him rapidly overhauling me I gave the ; Jane tho helm hard a-starboard, throwing her head broad off tho beach. Tho Fed eral ship sj.w my move, and, of course, as suming that I proposed to make a break straight out to sea, steered to port him- i self. But instead of righting my helm ! when tho Jane’s head was well offshore I j allowed tho little vessel to wheel right ! around. ‘•The Jane flew about like a top, and just as we were almost overlapping our pursuer ho opened on us with his forward guns. The cannon balls shrieked over our heads, and two bowled over our decks. ! Before tno smoke of his first discharge i naa eiearea i naa passea mm on ms star board beam and was going full speed to 1 his rear. The smoko of his guns must ! have blinded all on board, for lie kept at [ full headway on his original course, still firing gun after gun supposedly at mo. j The eyes of all his people must have Been directed right ahead. No ono could have looked abeam or over the quarter, for if ! ono bad I must certainly have been seen making all possible speed in the opposite direction to tho bar. “The Jane was lost on her eighth run from Nassau to Wilmington. It was on the night of Feb. 3. ISOi, when the United ; States blockading steamer Montgomery, doing duty off Wilmington, captured me. I was just passing by Lockwood’s Folly inlet when I ran across tho Montgomery. To the southward of that old inlet a shoal then made out well to the eastward. I approached this shoal, the wind being fresh at the time and the night fairly dark, from tho southward and eastward. I kept close into the breakers and up to the time of reaching the easternmost point of tho shoal had not seen a single blockading ship. But just as I rounded the breakers I saw right ahead of me, lying back of the breakers, the outlines of a blockader. I put the June’s helm hard over and ran down over the course I came up. Having run well to the southward, I sheered out to sea with tho intention of making a sweep around to the northward and then running for the inlet on a southerly course. “No sooner had I sheered off the shoals than I found that the warship was closely following me. As I ran out of the dark ness of the shore he opened up gun after gun on tho Jane. Fully six shots had struck us when I discovered that the little Jane was done for. She was being over hauled rapidly, and as the Montgomery, which she proved to be, was between me and the inlet there was no earthly pros ■ pect of getting by. I consequently stopped the Jane's engines. Tho Montgomery came bowling along with so much, Head way on that she ran right by me. Had the Jane’s head been inshore then instead of to seaward I believe now I could have reached the inlet before the Montgomery could havo turned. As it was, it was all over with the Jane, and in very short time Fuoon, 'the Montgomery’s commander, had us as prisoners on his deck. X was sent north shortly and for 18 months was oonlined in Fort Warren, Boston harbor.” American Tobacco for Spain. Spain takes half of its supply of leaf tobacco from the Philippine Islands, and not from Cuba. It takes from Cuba only twenty-three per cent., and from the United States twenty-one and one-half i per cent, of its supply. Our exports of to- ! bacoo to Spain amounted to over 20.000.000 pounds annually, and tobacco is. after cot ton our most important agricultural ex port intef Spain. With the loss of the Philippine Islands and Cuba, Spain will have to import ninety-five per cent, of its tobacco from foreign countries, or. rather, the United States and its dependencies. Instead of Manila and Cuban tobacco, the will probably have to use our domestic leaf; It will, at any rate, be cheaper for them. And thus our domestic growers will be compensated in some measure for tho new competition of the tobacco from the Philippine Islands in our own market when those islands become a part of the United States,—Tobacco Journal. Extreme Penalty. Lord Russell, of Killowen, years before he took silk, was sitting In court, when another barrister, leaning across the benches during the hearing of a trial for bigamy, whispered, "Russell, what's the extreme penalty for bigamy’'' "Two mothers-ln-law, replied Russell, without hesitation.—Tit-Bits. I PAYING WAR TAXES.1 IT HAS MADE US A NATION OF STAMP STICKERS. The Business Man Bears His Share of the Barden Cheerfully as a Rule—Some In teresting Retails About the New Internal Revenue Stamps. The advent of the war stamp has intro duced into prosy business affairs a novel feature. We are now a nation of stamp iie.kers. Wo are glad of it too. Wo aro entirely willing to do our shirre toward paying for the war, and that te just what we feel we are doing every time we stick , a stomp on a check or a telegram. We are < satisfied that wo are getting our money’s ' worth, and every time we pick up a war j extra and read of tho latest achievement ! of our forces on laud and sea wo feel liko buying a dollar’s worth of stomps to stick on things not as yet taxed by congress. The routine of business generally moves along in well greased grooves. Blockades and other disturbances are seldom experi enced, and when they are the biggest kind of a howl of protest goes up from the counting rooms. Probably business never received such a jolt since the civil war as it did when the war stomp act took effect the other day. Almost every individual In tho whole commercial world was affect ed. Yet there havo thus far been but few words of protest, although the wheels of barter and exehaiigo have been bumping along over a wonderfully rough roadway over since. For the first few days after the act went into effect business men all over tho coun try were troubled by an inability to pur chase the necossary stamps. The govern ment could not supply them fast enough. In New York, Chicago and other large cities representatives of the big business houses waited in line all night before tho doors of the revenue offices. They wero Ktm ofaiviTio (VTVtalra Aliy liennona that they might conduct their business legally and give Uncle Sam his duo. i If you are not already familiar with the main features of the war tax bill, here is a list of the principal things you must do in order to pay for your share of the war : expense. You must— Put a 3 cent revenue stamp on every i check or sight draft; put a 2 cent stamp on every inland bill of exchange, timo draft, promissory note or money order for each $100; pay 1 cent extra on each tele graph message sent; pay 8 cents per $100 on each life insurance policy unless taken on the industrial weekly payment plan, I when the charge is 40 per cent of the first weekly payment; pay 25 cents on each one year lease, 50 cents on a lease between ! one and three years and $1 on a leaso ex- 1 o.eeding three years; pay 25 cents on each mortgage between $1,000 and $1,500 and n THE RUSH FOR WAR STAMPS IN NETT TORE. I 25 cents on each $500 additional; pay $1 extra for a passage ticket to foreign port costing not more than $30, $3 extra if it costs between $30 and $60, and $5 if it costs more than $60; pay 10 cents extra every time you occupy a seat or berth in a parlor or sleeping car; pay a tax ranging from 75 cents to $15 per $100 on legacies above $10,000, according to the total value; pay 50 cents tax on a surety bond; pay 1 . cent a pint on wines; pay from 25 cents to $1 on each custom house entry and 25 cents on warehouse receipts; pay 35 cents on each protested note. The new stamps comprising the war series are the daintiest, most artistic and at the same time the most dignified of all stamps hitherto issued by the government. They are attached to nearly everything sold at the drug stores in “put up” pack ages, to all sorts of documents and to many other things commonly handled. They will soon become well nigh as fa miuar as ran ordinary postage stamp. Those to be most commonly seen are the proprietary and documentary adhesive , stamps. They are slightly larger than the 2 cent, postage stamp and printed upon the same good quality of white paper—not the soft green paper now used in tobacco, cigar and cigarette stamps. The longer edges form the top and bottom, the de signs running lengthwise with the sur face. Beneath an arch bearing the inscrip tion, “United States Internal Revenue,” stands boldly out with characteristic dig nity and grace a typical United States first class battleship under full steam rid ing a restless sea beneath a canopy of fleecy clouds. Below appears either “Pro prietary” or “Documentary,” and in each upper corner the denominational number. The design was happily selected by Chief Johnson of the bureau of engraving and printing because of the conspicuous part ployed thus far in this war by the Ameri can man-of-war, even before the formal declaration of hostilities was made. The perforations separating the stamps on tho whole sheets are not round, like the “pin hole” perforations of postage stamps, but what are called “knife blade” perfora tions. They are dashes instead of dots, and when torn through leave straight rather than sawtooth edges. All these stamps, which vary in value from one-eighth of a cent up to $50 each, are turned out from tho national bureau of engraving and printing at Washington. How many billions of stamps will be printed before we have paid for the war no one knows. The aggregate number of adhesive stamps for which revenue collectors made requisition under the new tariff act ap proximates 100,000,000. Of this number 100,000,000 were printed and shipped be fore the close of business on June 29. One hundred and thirty million were tho ag gregate sent out before July 1, or oue etmnlw fn* irKi/iK romiiaifinti was made for a period of throe months. This would seem to indicate that com plaints from any section of nonroeeipt of stamps desired are due to lack of distribu tion rather t&an to lack of supply. Jnat for Symmetry. Lord Selkirk had a formal garden—an Italian garden, as it was called—and his gardener was very- proud of it. One day, says the Argonaut, Lord Selkirk found a boy phut up In the summer house at the end of the terrace at St. Mary’s Isle, and was Informed by his gardener that It was for stealing apples. On reaching the oth er end of the terrace, where there was an other summer house. Selkirk beheld the gardener’s son looking dolefully out of the window? “Kh, John, what's this? Has your boy been stealing, too?” "Ha, na, my lord.” was the answer, “I just put him in for HE KNOWS WAR SECRETS. Career of George B. Cortelyou, the Presi dent's New Assistant Secretary. Standing closer to the president than even Private Secretary Porter is a pleasant voiced, keen eyed young man who since July 1 has been officially known at the White House as the assistant secretary. Mr. George Bruce Cortelyou, who fills this newly created post, has for several years handled the secrets of the nation in vari ous positions, having been for the last years chief executive elerk at the White House. Assistant Secretary Cortelyou is a native of Mew York and is 86 years old, After completing his education he wasJvor four years the principal of college preparatory GEORGE BRUCE CORTELYOU. schools. His promotion since entering the government service has been rapid. In the fall of 1889 he was appointed private secretary to the postoffieo inspector in charge at New York; in March, 1891, con fidential secretary to the surveyor of cus toms at New York and in July of the same year private secretary to Fourth As sistant Postmaster General Rathbone. Upon the change of administration he tendered his resignation, but was prompt ly reappointed by Assistant Postmaster General Maxwell and served with him for nearly three years of his term, during this period being designated acting chief clerk of the fourth assistant postmaster general’s office and also acting fourth as sistant postmaster general. His services in the post-office department camo to the notice of President Cleveland, and on Nov. 1, 1895, Mr. Cortelyou was transferred to the executive mansion and appointed stenographer to the president. Three months later he was appointed exec utive clerk to the president. As executive clerk, in addition to hav ing charge of the correspondence, Mr. Cortelyou has the supervision of the cler ical force. He is also the confidential olerk to President McKinley, and to him the president dictates his addresses, messages and other state papers. Under tho direc tion of Secretary Porter ho prepares tho copies of these documents required by the public printer and tho press. He also has charge of Mrs. McKinley’s correspondence, tho arrangement of her receptions and duties relating to the mak ing of appointments to meet the secretary and tho president and other details con nected with the transaction of public busi ness in the esecutivo office. THRILLING BULLFIGHT. How an Unarmed Dakota Man Fought m Big Durham. Carey Volin, a respected farmer of Yankton rtrainftr. "V D tolls fcfiA fnlliiw lug remarkable story: “About 6 o’clock Sunday morning, as X was coming across the large pasture, the big Durham bull, which had been pasturing there lately, suddenly began to canter across the lot to ward me. Ho acted as if the gnats had bothered him or he had been stung by hor nets. His tail was thrashing around, and he bellowed like mad. I didn’t think the old feilow would go for me, but he did at oncq. “X threw my lasso, but missed him. Ho charged roe, and I tried W> catch hold of his horns, thinking I could get on his bock. Ho tossed nie aside, and I thought my back was broken, as he had caught me lengthwise on his horns. “I was so much surprised by the quick way he put his head down and ran I hard ly knew what to do. There wasn’t any tree near, and the fence was three or four rods away. I tried to make for the gate post, but he was too quick for me and headed me off. Just then I stumbled and fell. I heard his hoofs pound along and shut my eyes, for X knew he’d rip me to pieces in a minute. “ Ho stopped short, though, and his hot breath, right in my face, sort of made me VOLIH’S THRILLING BULLFIGHT, some to, and I rolled over and got on one | knee. In a second he jumped toward me. I Before I knew what I was doing I grabbed • bis tongue with one hand and his right j born with tho other. “As he jerked his head up I flew in the I dr, but instead of tossing me off I fell j back again. I tried to kick him with my boots, but he flounced around so I couldn’t I lo much but hang on. I didn’t yell. No- | body would have hoard me if I had. * I “We must have galloped around half nn 1 hour when I got a fresh hold on his tongue near the roots. Ho bellowed and looked nasty out of his bloodshot eyes, but 1 got, me knee up against him and pullet! for U1 I was worth. He got madder than jvor, but I had such a good hold he could not shake me loose. “Thou It all got blae\ before my eye*, md first thing I knew my hired man wot bagging me toward the house. ’* It is said that Good Friday Is the only Jay in the year on which the Hpanlsb royal family appears on loot in the streets nf Madrid. CAUGHT l!\ KINDNESS. How Confessions Are Obtained From Clever Criminals. WORK OF EXPERT DETECTIVES. Criminals Are Not Unlike the Generality of People—They Have the Same Passion* and Weaknesses and Are Susceptible to the Same Treatment. “What do I consider the fast method Of inducing men to confess their crimes?’ said Charles Heidelberg, the noted Now York detective to a Press reporter. “You might just as well ask me what method I consider most sucoessful in treating sickness. There is no single formula that can be used for all criminal cases any more than there is any one drug or medi cine that will cure all diseases. You have to treat your man just as a physician does his patient or a salesman his would be customer. Watch him, study him, find out his strength and his weakness, diag nose his case in your own mind apd then apply the treatment that you thrak most likely from your own experience will prove most successful. “The great mistake the public makes la considering a criminal is that it looks up on him as something abnormal—a being modeled after a different pattern than KXAMKWSG A PRISONER * —v honest men. He undoubtedly Is,.but h<i has tile same passions,.the same weak-i nesses, and he is susceptible to the same treatment. “There is a method, too, of working the thirty-third degree orally on criminals that Is generally successful. By orally I mean that the person Is suddenly accused' i of his guilt when he is least expecting it, instead of being confronted bygn evidence j of it. I have tried it any number of timed j and rarely has it failed. | “A few years ago I was sent out to Iowa ■ by Byrnes t© get a man aocused ot forgery. ; The journey back took us three days, and i during them we had the pleasantest kind of a time—played cards, drank, laughed-., and smoked—and all the time I never tried to gain his confidence and studiously avoided making him feel that there was any method in my friendship other than to relieve the weariness of a long trip on the cars. “So I sprung my accusation when tha trip was only a little mare fhtashalfeover. We were taking breakfast in Cleveland, where we had to change care, and were ' chatting away over ourtmeal about a little ! flwKf at. thfl night before when I suddenly remarked, ‘Gad, I’m sorry you’ve got to go up the river. ’ It was so unexpected, so irrelevant to the conversation, and he was-eo totally unprepared for it, that he wiltedfllkea pa per collar. He gave me just one startled, frightened look and then dropped hi* eyes. ‘So am I,’he said. I knew’I had him then, and. so I changed the subject, told him it was not an agreeable thing-to talk about at breakfast, but let him digest i* just the same along with his breakfast, and when we wore in the train on our way again he told me the whole game—gam mo the names of the persons whose-signa tures he hack-forged and the banks he-bpl* victimized, and I never once refsWed to the subject after I bad made the crack a* the breakfast table. “Another time I used the same trick on a forger that I had gone way to Antwerp to get. He was an old bird and ho4j>een put away before, so naturally he was on his guard all the time, and I had to use some variations. I knew that he had some evidence in his clothes that would go against him, and that he was anxious to get rid of it. I staid with him so dose, however, that he had little or no chance to dispose of it. “We had been out three days, and I vra» just congratulating myself that I was handling him nicely, when as we were walking up and down the deck one after noon he stepped to the rail and- dropped something overboard. I eenldnlt-soewha* it was, but it looked like an undershirt. I said nothing about- it; never let-him know that I had seen him, but it kept an guessing pretty hard all the time. Before we landed I had made up my mind that it really was an undershirt he had thrown over, because that was the most natural garment he would use to hide Anything, and I had a plan fixed up-to-'fool him. Just after we landed and! had jumped into a cab for headquarters and he was breath ing easy I pulled a parcel from my over coat pocket wrapped up-in a newspaper as an underehirt might be—in facVlt was an undershirt, one of my own—and; hold ing it up so he could see it, I said: ‘It’s too bad, Jake, that the wind blew this shirt into the second cabin-deck instead of into the sea. I don’t see what show you’ve got now. Do you?’ “Well, sir, you never saw a man collapse so suddenly and completely in all your llfo. He just stored at that parcel as if he couldn’t keep hls.eyea.off It, and when he got his breath he asked me to stop and let him get a drink, and then I knew I had' him. We stopped, and" while we were drinking ho gave uporll he knew and I had nothing to do but turn him over to the chief .when we-reached headquarter*. "Women are harder to deal with than men. They are uuyo cunning, more sus picious and have more courage of a certain kind. Gentleness doesn’t, affect them as much, and t-hov have enough bravado to «ury mem through a pretty stiS dose of bulldozing. The best way is to let ’em ak>ne. Their endurance generally gives out and they talk just because the w can't kelp It.” ' Rrnwnlar’i Slater. Mix* Sarianna Browning, the devoted lister of the |H>et and his almost lifelong; companion, ha* just recovered from a se vere attack of InttuenzM at Cannes. Miss. Browning, who Is more than eighty years of age. And who has been the best of daughters, of staters and of aunts, has re turned by slow stages to Asolo, where she live* with her nephew, "Pen" Browning the only child of his poet parents.