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The Jersey City news. (Jersey City [N.J.]) 1889-1906, July 16, 1898, LAST EDITION, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87068097/1898-07-16/ed-1/seq-7/

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Gigantic Scheme to Prey Upon
\ Fast Young Noblemen.
SO HESITATION AT HOMICIDE.
A Successful Confidence Man Among Brit
ish Blueblood* — Conspiracy Involving
Prominent Money Lenders—Big Life In
surance Payments Secured by Murder.
' Alfred John Monson la Under arrest In
London for complicity in a gigantic scheme
of murder. Monson is the same man who
^ in 1893 was tried for the murder of Lieu
tenant Dudley Cecil Hambrough at Ardla
mont, Scotland. He benefited $100,000 by
Hambrough’s death. They went out to
gether, and Hambrough was found dead,
shot by Mouson's gun. The jury returned
the peculiar Scottish verdict of “Not prov
en."
At Tangier, in Africa, Owen Callan is
on trial for the attempted murder of Her
bert Birkin, a rich young Englishman.
Birkin has testified that he had executed
life insurance policies for $250,000 to
(
ATTEMPT TO KITX BIHKIN.
money lenders whose names he had for- !
gotten. It is believed that Callan, the
money lenders and Monson were all ac
complices in a conspiracy to murder Bir
kin.
Monson, who is not yet 35 years old, is
credited with having ruined more young
men than any other person in England.
He is the most conspicuous character in j
the fast set of young men who pervade the
music halls and night clubs of Loudon, j
His notoriety alone is sufficient to attract j
attention from many newcomers to the !
metropolis. Monson is hand in glove with !
more young noblemen than any other man j
in London. He knows all the fast scions
of the great houses who come to London [
in the season.
When one of them comes into his titles
and estates, he is, if disposed to go the |
pace, Soon found in Monson’s company, !
and long as his money lasts he is sur- j
rounded by seeming friends. But there is j
nothing new in swindling a spendthrift
of his money. What has made Monson j
notorious is the number of suspicious
deaths in which he iias been concerned.
These were all the deaths of influential '
young men who were friends of his and
who had recently been insured for enor
mous sums of money.
He is supposed to be the originator and ;
chief of a gang of conspirators now oper- j
ating in England with the object of vie- j
timizing British and American insurance
companies, trust companies and similar
financial institutions. The young noble- j
men with whom Monson associates attract
to him great numbers of untitled sons of
the wealthy classes. Among these people
In England it is no unusual thing for sin
gle individuals to carry life insurances of
$350,000 to $500,000. They have also tin
uer j^riLisu lihw puwci uvci ««go
earns of money dependent upon another
life, so that the deaths of people who never
knew Monson may benefit his victims or
himself.
London was for a long time puzzled to
know what Monson was up to. Every
body who met him—and he knows thou
sands of people in London—was assured
that here was a man who would never lie
idle. His face is full of resolution and
energy. Ho has a strong character and is
a natural leader. One of his most surpris
ing characteristics is his power over young j
men almost after the first meeting. He |
exercises a great and peculiar fascination. !
It was supposed for a time that Monson !
was living an extravagant life upon the I
money be acquired through the death of I
Hambrough, but after a time the records ■
of the bankruptcy court—that great clear
ing house for broken fortunes and ruined
noblemen—began to throw his name to
the surface.
Almost every young swell who came
Into the bankruptcy court was a friend of
Monson. Most of them were indebted to
him. In a great many cases he it was
who encouraged them to squander their
fortunes and then introduced them to the
money lenders. The mere fact that a man
was bankrupt was no reason why he
shouldn’t have plenty of money if he were
a friend of Monson. Did ho not have a
life insurance policy? Was ho not heir to
some property in which some other living
person had a life interest? Was he not
heir to an entailed estate, no matter how
far removed? These were only a few of
the forms of property upon which Monson
knew how to raise plenty of ready cash.
One must remember that there is no
usury law In England, and that rates of
interest as high as 75 per cent or 100 per
cent or 300 per cent ure logal and can be ;
collected by law if once the signature of i
the victim is secured.
The majority of Monson’s victims are i
never heard of in the law courts, as their j
families pay almost any sum of money to I
save the family honor. It is, however, a j
far more serious matter in which he is
now concerned.
! This is what is known as the Tangier
mv'Sterv. It bears a strikimr resemblance
In sdtno of its features to the Ardlamont
mysterjr. Both are also suggestive of the
celebrated Burchell-Pelly murder case,
which occurred near Woodstock, Ont., a
few years rigo and excited both continents, j
In that easoNJSeginald Burchell, an Oxford j
man of good family, like Monson, decoyed ■
young Englishmen to Canada to murder i
them. He was tried and convicted for the
murder of Douglas Raymond Pclly and
was duly hanged. The Tangier mystery is j
being closely investigated at the piusent
time by tho Scotland Yard police.
Herbert Blrkin, tho victim of the Tan
gier tragedy, was one of four sons of a |
millionaire Nottingham lace manufactur
er. Upon the death of their grandfather,
William Clift Max ton, each of these four
sons is to inherit $2,500,000. The family
Is enormously wealthy, for besides tho
grandfather’s great fortune the father of
the four Blrkin boys has millions In his
own right.
Herbert Blrkin, accompanied by a valet
and a man described as Owen Callan. ar
rived at Tangier about two months ago
and put up at the _ Bristol. hotel. . They.
epofitniieimaio gigsrasrang ana -piayriig
billiards. Birkin was paying tha expanses
of the small party, and Callan appeared to
be a friend of his.
Early on the evening of May 19 Birkin
and Callan visited the Continental hotel
and played a game of billiards. When they
had finished playing, Callan was heard to
invite Birkin to take a walk down to the
beach. Birkin refused to go, but some
time after both of them were seen sitting
on the wall leading to the beach. They
came back to the hotel about midnight
and wont to their sitting room. It has
now been proved that Callan asked Birk in
to go to the window and see if the street
electric lights were out. Birkin did so.
As he was standing there Callan made a
rush at him and attempted to throw him
from the window. Birkin managed to
break away, and he ran down the stairs
calling for assistance. Callan rushed after
him, caught him near the room of the pro
prietor of the hotel, seized him by the
throat and drew a pistol. He fired at Bir
kin, the bullet entering one side of his
face and passing out of the other. Then
Callan drew a slungshot and began to beat
Birkin about the head. At this stage the
hotel porters arrived and separated the
men. They were taken to the British con
sulate, and when Birkin recovered Callan
was put on trial.
Birkin testified that ho had made a will
making Calian his sole executor, i his he
had sent to Sam Lewis, the London usur
er, in order to raise money.
An investigation took piaee in London
at tho same time. This brought cut many
extraordinary facts. It appears that a few
months ago Herbert Birkin was insured in
15 of tho leading London life insurance
offices. The aggregate amount of insur
ance upon his life at the time he went to
Tangier was $375,000, tho policies being
conditional upon his jiredceeasing his mil
lionaire grandfather, who is now 87 years
of age. They were, therefore, policies for
onlv a very short time. In order to die
within the’ specified time, Birkin would
havo to die quickly. His grandfather dur
ing tho past few weeks has been quite
weak, which may have hastened the trip
to Tangier. Tho policies were taken out
by tho Life Interest and Reversionary Se
curity Corporation, with offices in Picca
dilly.
Birkin knew Monson, and Monson is
said to have arranged many of the details
of tho insurance. There is no knowing
what documents he may not have secured
from Birkin. Birkin’s family are said to
havo been ignorant of his_ life insurance
and tho companies refuso to tell in whose
favor the policies havo been made out,
their mouths being sealed until the Scot
land Yard detectives have finished their
work.
HOW STARVATION KILLS.
A Doctor Describes the Horrors of Being
Without Nourishment.
Dr. William C. Ussery says that the first
objective symptom of starvation is a loss
of weight and flesh. This is produced by
the absorption and destruction of fat,
which is deposited throughout the body.
The length of time required to produce
great emaciation and death will of course
depend upon the corpulency of tho indi
VlUUcll. All aTOiagO m *VH
days or a week tho cheeks become hollow,
tho arms and legs soft and flabby, lines
and wrinkles appearand a general shrink
ing is manifest. Prominent among these
symptoms are tho sunken eyeballs and
staring pupils. Behind every eye is a soft
protective cushion of fat, widely i3 the last
to be absorbed. As this disappears tho
eyeballs retract, the pupils dilate, dark
shadowy appear around them, the cheek
bones stand out prominently with their
covering of wrinkled skin, the lips retract
from tho teeth, and the corners of the
mouth droop, all of which goes to make ;
up a horrible, unmistakable picture of ,
death by slow starvation.
All this time similar changes are going '
on in the internal organs. They, too, are
supplied with surplus fuel in the shape of
fat. Hanging over the intestines is an
enormous apron of pure fat. In fact, tho
Intestines themselves are held in place by i
moorings which are nothftg more than j
ribbons of fat. The kidneys are always
surrounded by more or less fatty tissue, j
while the various other organs havo a !
varying amount of the same material.
After this surplus has been burned the
destruction of the actual tissues and or
gans begins. From now on the process is
rapid, as the less of fuel there is the great
er becomes the demand for sustenance.
Tho last fat to disappear is that around
the base of the heart. This supply once
destroyed, the heart muscle rapidly degen
erates, and death follows from exhaustion.
It cannot be said that any particular func
tion or organ is tho direct cause of death.
If, in addition to the withdrawal of
food, water is abstained from, tho suffer
ings and rapidity of emaciation are great
ly intensified. Tho tissues are literally
parched or dried, and, liko well seasoned
wood, bum all the more rapidly. The ac
tual physical discomfort produced by
thirst is probably the greatest torment a
human being can undergo. When we con
sider that about 70 per cent of the body
consists of water and that each individual
coll of the milliards which compose the
whole joins in the cry for moisture, the
intense mechanical drying effect upon the
eyes, tongue, nose and throat, the actual
pulverization of the internal membranes,
together with the demand for food, we
can begin to conceivo the awful torment
which follows.
There Is no reason why a man should
starve voluntarily. Physical force can be
used to steady his head, when it is a sim
ple matter to introduce a tube through hi3
nose and into his stomach. Through this
tube condensed and nourishing food can
be conveyed. By no muscular power or
voluntary offort can an individual prevent
tins procedure once his head is held Im
movable. This method of feeding is often
resorted to in cases of lockjaw or other dis
eases in which there is an inability to open
the mouth.
Mouth gags or openers and stomach
tubes aro regular equipments of every asy
lum for the insane. This method some
times fails because of a failure of the gag
to stay in position. In these cases it is
usual to introduce a tube through the
nose. The only drawback is that a small
er tube must bo used, which, of course,
prolongs the operation.
It is difficult to say at just what point
in a case of starvation feeding may bo com
menced and life saved. Like that vague,
indefinite boundary between health and
disease, daylight and darkness, virtue and
vice, or any extremes, there arc no well
marked indications. We believe that niqjst
physicians agree as to the methods of pro
cedure when feeding is resumed. It should
bo in small quantities and at frequent in
tervals. A stomach—in fact, the entiro
system—when deprived of food at once
trios to adjust itself to do without it. Na
ture does all things lavishly and grossly.
To repair an insignificant scratch she will
send a thousandfold more material than is
utilized. So witli any process. What she
can’t get she tries to so adapt the economy
as to do without. A sudden supply of food
to such a stomach would act as an irritant
and produce immediate nausea and vom
iting.
Mme. Carnot, widow of the murdered
statesman. Is iivlng in seclusion near Par
WftV» )~r>r rrrp ri J Irr'*’’.
Recently the brother of her husband's
murderer wrote her. sayirygr that, owing:
to his relationship to the assassin, no one
wr^:ld elvA b'm *>mrUoy--*f Mme Par
not saw the hardness of the case, and at
cnce promised to keep him in work aa
iong as he lives*
AN OCEAN WILDCAT.
(LIEUT. COMMANDER WAINWRIGHT
FOUGHT LIKE ONE AT SANTIAGO.
Who and What the Plucky Commander
of the Gloucester Is and Was—Born In
the Navy—The Craft He Has Made Fa
mous.
In tho course of a decade or perhaps a
dozen years there will be a boy and a book
such as do not today exist. The boy will
belong to the new generation, Tho book
will be an up to date history of the United
States.
This boy of the future will turn over tho
leaves of this coining book until ho finds
a chapter beaded “Spanish-American
LIEUT. COMMAUDEK HICHAP.D WAINWP.IGHT.
War.” He will stop turning at a picture
of a sea fight. There will be lots of smoko,
and tHe surface of tho wator will be full
of spouting fountains, which the boy will
understand are where shots are striking.
In the foreground, partly enveloped in
smoke, will be seen a yaehtlike craft with
many evidences of activity about her. Off f
at a distance will be seen two large, black,
low lying craft which are being rapidly
punctured, evidently by the guns of the
ship in tho foreground. Underneath and
around the sides of the illustration will
be tho story of how Lieutenant Command
er Wainwright fought and helped to sink
the terrors of the Spanish navy at Santi
ago harbor.
The boy will read the story and make
up his mind that if he does not get a
chance to become an actor he will enter
the navy and bo a Wainwright.
The man who has added such an inter
esting and picturesque chapter to our rec- j
ord of naval heroes might be said to be .
another American of the Hobson typo. 1
Like Hobson, he is one of the silent men. j
Ordinarily of a mild, pacific nature, he is
a very demon when roused. He has not a
three inch chin for nothing.
And if ever a strong nature had cause :
for being roused it was Commander Wain- '
Wright’s. He was executive officer of the ;
Maine when she was blown up in Ha- j
vana harbor. His wrath at the dastardly
deed did not. flare up in a moment.
For weeks ho went about his dutios,
WOrEing on me wreuu uuu neijjiug
recover the bodies of his slain compan- ;
ions. Thun ho labored incessantly to find ;
evidence on which to convict tho Span
iards. You might have thought that ho j
had almost forgotten tho Maine. So deep j
was the wrath which he was nursing that
it showed itself on the surface only when
he refused to step foot in Havana until, as
ho put it, he could go in at the head of a
body of marines.
It was not until nearly six months after i
Wainwright commenced to get mad that j
he allowed his anger full swing. That j
occasion was at Santiago harbor when 1
ho saw Cervcra’s fleet steaming out to ;
meet its doom. The executive officer of
tho Maine had in the meantime! been '<
given independent command of the littlo
Gloucester, a converted pleasure yacht, j
With nothing more formidable than six j
pounder guns and his own unabated !
wrath Wainwright sailed in to avenge tho j
Maine. Ho fought liko a veritable wildcat i
of the ocean. Picking out tho two formi- i
dable torpedo boat destroyers Pluton and
Furor, he peppored away, helped some by .
the larger ships, until both were helpless
wrecks. Later ho had the satisfaction of
receiving on his boat as prisoners the
Spanish admiral and the survivors of his i
staff.
Lieutenant Commander Wainwright has ,
been in the navy from tho day of his birth. !
He is the son of Commodore Wainwright, ;
to which fact ho owes his appointment to j
the service. Ho entered it as a midship- \
man Sept. 2S, 1864, and was gpomoted to ;
ensign April 1!), 1369: to master July 12, j
1870; to lieutenant Sept. 25, 1873, and to ■
lienfronrint commander Sent. 19. 1394.
His last duty before he was assigned to tho
Gloucester was on tho battleship Maine,
on which he was executive officer.
Tho Gloucester, which under Wain
wright's command has become such a
famous craft, was formerly the yacht Cor
sair, owned by ,T. Picrpont Morgan, tho J
New York banker. She was one of the
numerous pleasure craft acquired by the
government at tho opening of the war.
She was given a thin coat of armor, a few
THE GLOUCESTER.
small guns and sent to do dispatch duty.
It was never expected that she would tac
kle anything half so formidable as a tor
pedo boat destroyer, much less two of them
at once.
Before she became part of the United
States navy the Corsair was known to the
Wall street brokers as the “Stock Ex
change annex. ” Her cabin was the scene
of more momentous Wall street conferences
than were held on land. _ .
T«*a*ln<r Animal*.
Teasing of young animals on the farm should
never be tolerated. It may be very funny to
see the young things make use of their tender
horns and stamping of feet, etc., but as they
grow o-lder and learn to knfrw their strength,
they often become vicious, and tfien some day
in a fit of bad temper they are liable to injure
some member of the family or strangers which
may happen to be passing by arc very likely
to be attacked by vicious animals. Give all
animate on the farm kind but firm treatment.
Animals should be made to both respect and
loiove their attendants, but thjte cannot be ac
compifshed if thejr are allowed to be teased.— i
Exchange. ‘
RUNNING BLOCKADES.
Desperate Chances Taken by
Daredevil Skippers.
DISCOVERY OP A BLOCK .VDE RUNNER.
Major William A. Campbell of Los An
geles was a blockade runner during the
civil war and tells some thrilling stories
of adventure. “Tho necessity of getting
southern cotton to England for uso in tho j
factories, ’’ says ho, “caused the induce- j
ment for blockade running, and the pur- j
suit, if it may be called that, sprang up j
rapidly. People who were not in the en- j
terpriso can have no idea theso days how
alluring blockade running was. Cotton
was liought in the Confederacy for 25 cents ;
and 30 cents a pound in gold or its equiv- !
alent and sold outside for 81.60 and 81.80 .
per pound. Many a cargo that cost $15,- i
000 in Georgia and Alabama was sold in
tho British ports for $150,000. I knew a
cargo on the Red river that had cost S18,
000 to sell for nearly 8200,000.
“A blockade runner was painted a dead
gray, so that she could not easily be dis
tinguished in tho dark. Tho boat was j
built with a double set of boilers, and
prior to making the coast steam was got
up on all the boilers, so as to give the ship
all the steam she could carry. Every ves
sei naci steam mow ou cocks uoiuw uiu
water line. No lights were shown on tho
vessel while at sea, and all vessels burned
nnthraeite coal, which is comparatively
smokeless and cost from $18 to $20 per
ton. The crew were not even allowed to
smoko, for fear the sparks might be seen
by the guarding vessels. No dogs or roost
ers were allowed on board ship. Officers
and men whilo running the blockade were
always in their stocking feet. A man
coughed and revealed the presence of a
blockade runner once, and the craft and
crew were captured. White suits were not
even worn by tho crew.
“Oh, yes, I have had many an exciting
time in running Uncle Sam’s blockades.
I recall one experience very well. It was
in the early summer of 1863 when I had
an offer made me in Wilmington, N. C.,
by an agent of a New Orleans stock com
pany to take command of the English
built blockade runner Jane. The Jane
was built at Newcastle-on-Tyne and was
a propeller measuring about 200 feet in
length and drawing ten feet of water.
Her hold admitted of 000 bnlesof cotton. I
was offered as my compensation for com
mand of the Jane $7,000 for every round
trip I should make, the money to bo paid
in gold, one-half In Nassau and one-half
in Wilmington, each payment to tie made
immediately upon my arrival at the places
named. The distance from Nassau to Wil
mington was 1,140 miles. I accepted tho
terms offered and took passage for Nassau
in a blockade runner called the Broncho.
Tho Broncho ran through the fleet off
Wilmington without discovery and was
fast approaching the Bahama coast when
tho Santiago de Cuba made her appearance
on tho horizon. The fleet Federal steamer
saw us ituuubk as soon as we uiu nei, anw
tho race commenced. But it was no use.
The old Broncho was anything hut a
match for Uncle Sam’s racer, and finally, j
when tho Santiago de Cuba yawed off a
couple of points, just enough to bring her |
broadside guns to bear when trained sharp |
forward, the Broncho brought out a white j
flag.
“An officer from Undo Sam’s ship 1m- |
mediately boarded us. Every one was trans- j
ferred and examined, and then, on the ap- j
proach of a Bahama schooner, acting as :
tender to tho Federal fleet, all of us who
were passengers were permitted to go
aboard and continue our journey. X ex
pected when the Broncho surrendered that
I was good for Fort Warren, but as plain
Mr. Edwin Davis, an English passenger,
I was allowed tu proceed on my journey.
“I found the Jane in port loaded up and
ready for a run. We started at once for
Wilmington. I was considerably disap
pointed to find the Jane unable to make :
much more than eight knots an hour. I j
saw at once that any chase by a blockad
ing ship meant sure capture, and that suc
cess depended wholly upon not being dis
covered. vvo slipped into wummgiuu .
without a mishap. On about the first run j
out I had to play foxy. It was the custom
of all blockade runners about to run out j
ro steam down tho Capo Fear rivor to just
inside of Fort Caswell and then await j
night for a dash through the lines. All j
during the day the Federal vessels could ;
see us at anchor inside, and I havo known j
as many as 80 vessels to be at tho South- j
port anchorngo at one time, all waiting
for a favorable chance to make a dash.
Slack high water was the time usually
chosen or, hotter still, just on the last of
tho flood tide, which gavo ore a little more
chance of getting free. In the event of run- i
aing aground. 1
“On their first run out the night was
dark ana overcast. 1 ncacea tno 'ane out
over tho bar and stood to the southward
and eastward. Tho vessel had not cleared !
the bar more than a couple of miles when j
right after me under full headway I made ;
out in chase a blockading steamer. Ilow
long ho had seen me I do not know. Pos
sibly he made mo out as I passed tho bar
and perhaps purposely allowed mo a suffl- i
cient free run to enable hint to get be
tween me and the bar channel. As I saw i
him rapidly overhauling me I gave the ;
Jane tho helm hard a-starboard, throwing
her head broad off tho beach. Tho Fed
eral ship sj.w my move, and, of course, as
suming that I proposed to make a break
straight out to sea, steered to port him- i
self. But instead of righting my helm !
when tho Jane’s head was well offshore I j
allowed tho little vessel to wheel right !
around.
‘•The Jane flew about like a top, and
just as we were almost overlapping our
pursuer ho opened on us with his forward
guns. The cannon balls shrieked over
our heads, and two bowled over our decks. !
Before tno smoke of his first discharge i
naa eiearea i naa passea mm on ms star
board beam and was going full speed to 1
his rear. The smoko of his guns must !
have blinded all on board, for lie kept at [
full headway on his original course, still
firing gun after gun supposedly at mo. j
The eyes of all his people must have Been
directed right ahead. No ono could have
looked abeam or over the quarter, for if !
ono bad I must certainly have been seen
making all possible speed in the opposite
direction to tho bar.
“The Jane was lost on her eighth run
from Nassau to Wilmington. It was on
the night of Feb. 3. ISOi, when the United ;
States blockading steamer Montgomery,
doing duty off Wilmington, captured me.
I was just passing by Lockwood’s Folly
inlet when I ran across tho Montgomery.
To the southward of that old inlet a shoal
then made out well to the eastward. I
approached this shoal, the wind being
fresh at the time and the night fairly
dark, from tho southward and eastward. I
kept close into the breakers and up to the
time of reaching the easternmost point of
tho shoal had not seen a single blockading
ship. But just as I rounded the breakers
I saw right ahead of me, lying back of the
breakers, the outlines of a blockader. I
put the June’s helm hard over and ran
down over the course I came up. Having
run well to the southward, I sheered out
to sea with tho intention of making a
sweep around to the northward and then
running for the inlet on a southerly course.
“No sooner had I sheered off the shoals
than I found that the warship was closely
following me. As I ran out of the dark
ness of the shore he opened up gun after
gun on tho Jane. Fully six shots had
struck us when I discovered that the little
Jane was done for. She was being over
hauled rapidly, and as the Montgomery,
which she proved to be, was between me
and the inlet there was no earthly pros ■
pect of getting by. I consequently stopped
the Jane's engines. Tho Montgomery
came bowling along with so much, Head
way on that she ran right by me. Had
the Jane’s head been inshore then instead
of to seaward I believe now I could have
reached the inlet before the Montgomery
could havo turned. As it was, it was all
over with the Jane, and in very short time
Fuoon, 'the Montgomery’s commander,
had us as prisoners on his deck. X was
sent north shortly and for 18 months was
oonlined in Fort Warren, Boston harbor.”
American Tobacco for Spain.
Spain takes half of its supply of leaf
tobacco from the Philippine Islands, and
not from Cuba. It takes from Cuba only
twenty-three per cent., and from the
United States twenty-one and one-half i
per cent, of its supply. Our exports of to- !
bacoo to Spain amounted to over 20.000.000
pounds annually, and tobacco is. after cot
ton our most important agricultural ex
port intef Spain. With the loss of the
Philippine Islands and Cuba, Spain will
have to import ninety-five per cent, of its
tobacco from foreign countries, or. rather,
the United States and its dependencies.
Instead of Manila and Cuban tobacco, the
will probably have to use our domestic
leaf; It will, at any rate, be cheaper for
them. And thus our domestic growers
will be compensated in some measure for
tho new competition of the tobacco from
the Philippine Islands in our own market
when those islands become a part of the
United States,—Tobacco Journal.
Extreme Penalty.
Lord Russell, of Killowen, years before
he took silk, was sitting In court, when
another barrister, leaning across the
benches during the hearing of a trial for
bigamy, whispered, "Russell, what's the
extreme penalty for bigamy’''
"Two mothers-ln-law, replied Russell,
without hesitation.—Tit-Bits. I
PAYING WAR TAXES.1
IT HAS MADE US A NATION OF
STAMP STICKERS.
The Business Man Bears His Share of the
Barden Cheerfully as a Rule—Some In
teresting Retails About the New Internal
Revenue Stamps.
The advent of the war stamp has intro
duced into prosy business affairs a novel
feature. We are now a nation of stamp
iie.kers. Wo are glad of it too. Wo aro
entirely willing to do our shirre toward
paying for the war, and that te just what
we feel we are doing every time we stick ,
a stomp on a check or a telegram. We are <
satisfied that wo are getting our money’s '
worth, and every time we pick up a war j
extra and read of tho latest achievement !
of our forces on laud and sea wo feel liko
buying a dollar’s worth of stomps to stick
on things not as yet taxed by congress.
The routine of business generally moves
along in well greased grooves. Blockades
and other disturbances are seldom experi
enced, and when they are the biggest kind
of a howl of protest goes up from the
counting rooms. Probably business never
received such a jolt since the civil war as
it did when the war stomp act took effect
the other day. Almost every individual
In tho whole commercial world was affect
ed. Yet there havo thus far been but few
words of protest, although the wheels of
barter and exehaiigo have been bumping
along over a wonderfully rough roadway
over since.
For the first few days after the act went
into effect business men all over tho coun
try were troubled by an inability to pur
chase the necossary stamps. The govern
ment could not supply them fast enough.
In New York, Chicago and other large
cities representatives of the big business
houses waited in line all night before tho
doors of the revenue offices. They wero
Ktm ofaiviTio (VTVtalra Aliy liennona
that they might conduct their business
legally and give Uncle Sam his duo. i
If you are not already familiar with the
main features of the war tax bill, here is
a list of the principal things you must do
in order to pay for your share of the war :
expense. You must—
Put a 3 cent revenue stamp on every i
check or sight draft; put a 2 cent stamp
on every inland bill of exchange, timo
draft, promissory note or money order for
each $100; pay 1 cent extra on each tele
graph message sent; pay 8 cents per $100
on each life insurance policy unless taken
on the industrial weekly payment plan, I
when the charge is 40 per cent of the first
weekly payment; pay 25 cents on each
one year lease, 50 cents on a lease between !
one and three years and $1 on a leaso ex- 1
o.eeding three years; pay 25 cents on each
mortgage between $1,000 and $1,500 and
n
THE RUSH FOR WAR STAMPS IN NETT TORE. I
25 cents on each $500 additional; pay $1
extra for a passage ticket to foreign port
costing not more than $30, $3 extra if it
costs between $30 and $60, and $5 if it
costs more than $60; pay 10 cents extra
every time you occupy a seat or berth in a
parlor or sleeping car; pay a tax ranging
from 75 cents to $15 per $100 on legacies
above $10,000, according to the total value;
pay 50 cents tax on a surety bond; pay 1 .
cent a pint on wines; pay from 25 cents
to $1 on each custom house entry and 25
cents on warehouse receipts; pay 35 cents
on each protested note.
The new stamps comprising the war
series are the daintiest, most artistic and
at the same time the most dignified of all
stamps hitherto issued by the government.
They are attached to nearly everything
sold at the drug stores in “put up” pack
ages, to all sorts of documents and to
many other things commonly handled.
They will soon become well nigh as fa
miuar as ran ordinary postage stamp.
Those to be most commonly seen are
the proprietary and documentary adhesive ,
stamps. They are slightly larger than the
2 cent, postage stamp and printed upon the
same good quality of white paper—not
the soft green paper now used in tobacco,
cigar and cigarette stamps. The longer
edges form the top and bottom, the de
signs running lengthwise with the sur
face. Beneath an arch bearing the inscrip
tion, “United States Internal Revenue,”
stands boldly out with characteristic dig
nity and grace a typical United States
first class battleship under full steam rid
ing a restless sea beneath a canopy of
fleecy clouds. Below appears either “Pro
prietary” or “Documentary,” and in each
upper corner the denominational number.
The design was happily selected by Chief
Johnson of the bureau of engraving and
printing because of the conspicuous part
ployed thus far in this war by the Ameri
can man-of-war, even before the formal
declaration of hostilities was made. The
perforations separating the stamps on tho
whole sheets are not round, like the “pin
hole” perforations of postage stamps, but
what are called “knife blade” perfora
tions. They are dashes instead of dots,
and when torn through leave straight
rather than sawtooth edges.
All these stamps, which vary in value
from one-eighth of a cent up to $50 each,
are turned out from tho national bureau
of engraving and printing at Washington.
How many billions of stamps will be
printed before we have paid for the war
no one knows.
The aggregate number of adhesive
stamps for which revenue collectors made
requisition under the new tariff act ap
proximates 100,000,000. Of this number
100,000,000 were printed and shipped be
fore the close of business on June 29. One
hundred and thirty million were tho ag
gregate sent out before July 1, or oue
etmnlw fn* irKi/iK romiiaifinti
was made for a period of throe months.
This would seem to indicate that com
plaints from any section of nonroeeipt of
stamps desired are due to lack of distribu
tion rather t&an to lack of supply.
Jnat for Symmetry.
Lord Selkirk had a formal garden—an
Italian garden, as it was called—and his
gardener was very- proud of it. One day,
says the Argonaut, Lord Selkirk found a
boy phut up In the summer house at the
end of the terrace at St. Mary’s Isle, and
was Informed by his gardener that It was
for stealing apples. On reaching the oth
er end of the terrace, where there was an
other summer house. Selkirk beheld the
gardener’s son looking dolefully out of the
window? “Kh, John, what's this? Has
your boy been stealing, too?” "Ha, na,
my lord.” was the answer, “I just put
him in for
HE KNOWS WAR SECRETS.
Career of George B. Cortelyou, the Presi
dent's New Assistant Secretary.
Standing closer to the president than
even Private Secretary Porter is a pleasant
voiced, keen eyed young man who since
July 1 has been officially known at the
White House as the assistant secretary.
Mr. George Bruce Cortelyou, who fills this
newly created post, has for several years
handled the secrets of the nation in vari
ous positions, having been for the last
years chief executive elerk at the White
House.
Assistant Secretary Cortelyou is a native
of Mew York and is 86 years old, After
completing his education he wasJvor four
years the principal of college preparatory
GEORGE BRUCE CORTELYOU.
schools. His promotion since entering the
government service has been rapid. In
the fall of 1889 he was appointed private
secretary to the postoffieo inspector in
charge at New York; in March, 1891, con
fidential secretary to the surveyor of cus
toms at New York and in July of the
same year private secretary to Fourth As
sistant Postmaster General Rathbone.
Upon the change of administration he
tendered his resignation, but was prompt
ly reappointed by Assistant Postmaster
General Maxwell and served with him
for nearly three years of his term, during
this period being designated acting chief
clerk of the fourth assistant postmaster
general’s office and also acting fourth as
sistant postmaster general.
His services in the post-office department
camo to the notice of President Cleveland,
and on Nov. 1, 1895, Mr. Cortelyou was
transferred to the executive mansion and
appointed stenographer to the president.
Three months later he was appointed exec
utive clerk to the president.
As executive clerk, in addition to hav
ing charge of the correspondence, Mr.
Cortelyou has the supervision of the cler
ical force. He is also the confidential olerk
to President McKinley, and to him the
president dictates his addresses, messages
and other state papers. Under tho direc
tion of Secretary Porter ho prepares tho
copies of these documents required by the
public printer and tho press.
He also has charge of Mrs. McKinley’s
correspondence, tho arrangement of her
receptions and duties relating to the mak
ing of appointments to meet the secretary
and tho president and other details con
nected with the transaction of public busi
ness in the esecutivo office.
THRILLING BULLFIGHT.
How an Unarmed Dakota Man Fought m
Big Durham.
Carey Volin, a respected farmer of
Yankton rtrainftr. "V D tolls fcfiA fnlliiw
lug remarkable story: “About 6 o’clock
Sunday morning, as X was coming across
the large pasture, the big Durham bull,
which had been pasturing there lately,
suddenly began to canter across the lot to
ward me. Ho acted as if the gnats had
bothered him or he had been stung by hor
nets. His tail was thrashing around, and
he bellowed like mad. I didn’t think the
old feilow would go for me, but he did at
oncq.
“X threw my lasso, but missed him. Ho
charged roe, and I tried W> catch hold of
his horns, thinking I could get on his
bock. Ho tossed nie aside, and I thought
my back was broken, as he had caught me
lengthwise on his horns.
“I was so much surprised by the quick
way he put his head down and ran I hard
ly knew what to do. There wasn’t any
tree near, and the fence was three or four
rods away. I tried to make for the gate
post, but he was too quick for me and
headed me off. Just then I stumbled and
fell. I heard his hoofs pound along and
shut my eyes, for X knew he’d rip me to
pieces in a minute.
“ Ho stopped short, though, and his hot
breath, right in my face, sort of made me
VOLIH’S THRILLING BULLFIGHT,
some to, and I rolled over and got on one |
knee. In a second he jumped toward me. I
Before I knew what I was doing I grabbed •
bis tongue with one hand and his right j
born with tho other.
“As he jerked his head up I flew in the I
dr, but instead of tossing me off I fell j
back again. I tried to kick him with my
boots, but he flounced around so I couldn’t I
lo much but hang on. I didn’t yell. No- |
body would have hoard me if I had. * I
“We must have galloped around half nn 1
hour when I got a fresh hold on his tongue
near the roots. Ho bellowed and looked
nasty out of his bloodshot eyes, but 1 got,
me knee up against him and pullet! for
U1 I was worth. He got madder than
jvor, but I had such a good hold he could
not shake me loose.
“Thou It all got blae\ before my eye*,
md first thing I knew my hired man wot
bagging me toward the house. ’*
It is said that Good Friday Is the only
Jay in the year on which the Hpanlsb
royal family appears on loot in the streets
nf Madrid.
CAUGHT l!\ KINDNESS.
How Confessions Are Obtained
From Clever Criminals.
WORK OF EXPERT DETECTIVES.
Criminals Are Not Unlike the Generality
of People—They Have the Same Passion*
and Weaknesses and Are Susceptible to
the Same Treatment.
“What do I consider the fast method Of
inducing men to confess their crimes?’
said Charles Heidelberg, the noted Now
York detective to a Press reporter. “You
might just as well ask me what method I
consider most sucoessful in treating
sickness. There is no single formula that
can be used for all criminal cases any
more than there is any one drug or medi
cine that will cure all diseases. You have
to treat your man just as a physician does
his patient or a salesman his would be
customer. Watch him, study him, find
out his strength and his weakness, diag
nose his case in your own mind apd then
apply the treatment that you thrak most
likely from your own experience will prove
most successful.
“The great mistake the public makes la
considering a criminal is that it looks up
on him as something abnormal—a being
modeled after a different pattern than
KXAMKWSG A PRISONER * —v
honest men. He undoubtedly Is,.but h<i
has tile same passions,.the same weak-i
nesses, and he is susceptible to the same
treatment.
“There is a method, too, of working the
thirty-third degree orally on criminals
that Is generally successful. By orally I
mean that the person Is suddenly accused'
i of his guilt when he is least expecting it,
instead of being confronted bygn evidence
j of it. I have tried it any number of timed
j and rarely has it failed.
| “A few years ago I was sent out to Iowa
■ by Byrnes t© get a man aocused ot forgery.
; The journey back took us three days, and
i during them we had the pleasantest kind
of a time—played cards, drank, laughed-.,
and smoked—and all the time I never
tried to gain his confidence and studiously
avoided making him feel that there was
any method in my friendship other than
to relieve the weariness of a long trip on
the cars.
“So I sprung my accusation when tha
trip was only a little mare fhtashalfeover.
We were taking breakfast in Cleveland,
where we had to change care, and were
' chatting away over ourtmeal about a little
! flwKf at. thfl
night before when I suddenly remarked,
‘Gad, I’m sorry you’ve got to go up the
river. ’ It was so unexpected, so irrelevant
to the conversation, and he was-eo totally
unprepared for it, that he wiltedfllkea pa
per collar. He gave me just one startled,
frightened look and then dropped hi* eyes.
‘So am I,’he said. I knew’I had him
then, and. so I changed the subject, told
him it was not an agreeable thing-to talk
about at breakfast, but let him digest i*
just the same along with his breakfast,
and when we wore in the train on our way
again he told me the whole game—gam
mo the names of the persons whose-signa
tures he hack-forged and the banks he-bpl*
victimized, and I never once refsWed to
the subject after I bad made the crack a*
the breakfast table.
“Another time I used the same trick on
a forger that I had gone way to Antwerp
to get. He was an old bird and ho4j>een
put away before, so naturally he was on
his guard all the time, and I had to use
some variations. I knew that he had some
evidence in his clothes that would go
against him, and that he was anxious to
get rid of it. I staid with him so dose,
however, that he had little or no chance to
dispose of it.
“We had been out three days, and I vra»
just congratulating myself that I was
handling him nicely, when as we were
walking up and down the deck one after
noon he stepped to the rail and- dropped
something overboard. I eenldnlt-soewha*
it was, but it looked like an undershirt.
I said nothing about- it; never let-him
know that I had seen him, but it kept an
guessing pretty hard all the time. Before
we landed I had made up my mind that it
really was an undershirt he had thrown
over, because that was the most natural
garment he would use to hide Anything,
and I had a plan fixed up-to-'fool him.
Just after we landed and! had jumped into
a cab for headquarters and he was breath
ing easy I pulled a parcel from my over
coat pocket wrapped up-in a newspaper as
an underehirt might be—in facVlt was
an undershirt, one of my own—and; hold
ing it up so he could see it, I said: ‘It’s
too bad, Jake, that the wind blew this
shirt into the second cabin-deck instead
of into the sea. I don’t see what show
you’ve got now. Do you?’
“Well, sir, you never saw a man collapse
so suddenly and completely in all your
llfo. He just stored at that parcel as if he
couldn’t keep hls.eyea.off It, and when he
got his breath he asked me to stop and let
him get a drink, and then I knew I had'
him. We stopped, and" while we were
drinking ho gave uporll he knew and I had
nothing to do but turn him over to the
chief .when we-reached headquarter*.
"Women are harder to deal with than
men. They are uuyo cunning, more sus
picious and have more courage of a certain
kind. Gentleness doesn’t, affect them as
much, and t-hov have enough bravado to
«ury mem through a pretty stiS dose of
bulldozing. The best way is to let ’em
ak>ne. Their endurance generally gives
out and they talk just because the w can't
kelp It.” '
Rrnwnlar’i Slater.
Mix* Sarianna Browning, the devoted
lister of the |H>et and his almost lifelong;
companion, ha* just recovered from a se
vere attack of InttuenzM at Cannes. Miss.
Browning, who Is more than eighty years
of age. And who has been the best of
daughters, of staters and of aunts, has re
turned by slow stages to Asolo, where she
live* with her nephew, "Pen" Browning
the only child of his poet parents.

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