How Daring Marines Rescued Alaskan
Missionaries From Hostile Indians.*.*.
It was a 200 mile run from Sitka to the
tillage of Ckileoot, at the farthermost
extremity of Lynn canal, and, attended
by the most favorable circumstances, the
little gunboat Pinta had never been
known to cover the course under 40
hours, steam and sail. Hence, when it be
came generally known th^t the vessel had
dropped anchor off the remote little set
tlement after a passage representing but
little more than one-half her previous
record, the population of Alaska, to a
Never before had the services of the
Pinta’s complement been so urgently re
quired. The dispatches to the governor
which had resulted in the vessel’s pre
lipitate departure from the harbor of
Sitka had stated that the little mission
ary station of Selkirk, distant 100 mile-1
inland from Chilcoot, the nearest point
on the Alaskan coast, was besieged by a
band of hostile Indians. The informa
tion had, moreover, emphasized the fact
that of the 12 beleaguered occupants four
were women and that the lives of all
were in imminent peril.
When the. sergeant of marines had ap
pealed to their inert gallantry with the
THE FRENZIED HORDE WAS UPON THEM,
statement that womankind was involved
in the danger, the effect had been elec
trical. The ordinarily tedious ordeal of
breaking the frozen moorings and re
plenishing the spacious coal bunkers from
the storehouses ashore were performed
with incredible alacrity, and, these pre
liminaries disposed of, the little craft
headed away upon her Storm swept
course at a pace that was quite as haz
ardous as it was unprecedented.
When the Pinta arrived at Chilcoot, a’
furious storm bad just subsided, says a
correspondent of the St. Louis Globe
Democrat, buf on shore the snow lay
deep, and the frigidness of the weather
had formed its surface into a thick, firm
crust. It Was decided, therefore, to per
form the journey to Selkirk on sledges,
which, upon landing at Chilcoot, the par
ty found were to be had in abundance.
It was also ascertained here that no in
telligence had been received from the far
off station since the first startling re
ports, three days previous, which fact
occasioned the gravest apprehension. No
time, therefore, was lost in arranging for
the necessary transportation facilities.
There were in all nine sledges in this
arctic caravan, and the order of advance
had been planned with some respeet to
system. Two abreast they had started,
with the odd sledge, bearing the com
manding officer, the sergeant of marines
and two privates, in the lead of the col
umn. The native drivers had been in
structed to keep the teams in this forma
tion and as near together as possible.
But alack for the injunction! Of what
avail were the olije'ctions of a single help
less native with a coterie of impetuous
Jack. Tars at His back to urge him onward?
Alike vain was the commander’s wrath
ful protest as one of the sledges came
forging ahead of his own. Each division
of the party was inspired with a single
purpose-—to be the first to arrive at Sel
kirk—and, speedily realizing this, the
commander ceased .from his vociferous
Opposition and turned his attention to his
own driver, whom he enjoined to again
take the lead of his invincible ceftnmand
if it were his last terrestrial .accomplish
ment. As a result, the commander's
sledge not only regained the coveted posi
tiou, but, being drawn by toe pick gi im?
iifrie teams, was soon far in advance of
the flying column. But the mutual con
test by no'meftns subsided, and, upon
emerging from the mountain-pass into the
open plain, the expedition was strung ont
over a space of a half dozen miles.
The midwinter nights in Alaska are
long enduring, even as far to the south
ward as the Cbilcoot plains, and the
speed of the Indian dog teams is like that
of the desert whirlwind. Hence the cross
ing of the 100 mile interval between the
seacoast arid Selkirk station had all but
been accomplished as the late moon set,
and with the breaking of dawn the fore
most sledge had drawn within sight of
the remote village among the desolate
snowdrifts. And not less desolate was
i, the appearance of the little station, for
not a sign of life emanated from its sev
eral log structures inclosed by the snow
banked stockade. A grim despair enter
the hearts of the beholders as the
fear that they had arrived too late con
fronted them. The commander had
meant to assemble bis force upon sight
ing the village and conduct it in a body
to the rescue or attack, as the circum
stances might demand. But now there
iippeijrpd no need of such a movement,
without slackening his speed he
tore onward with his lone detachment,
prepared to realize his worst misgivings.
As the sledge approached, however, its
occupants were suddenly astonished at
an outburst of warning exclamations
from behind the station stockade, and
almost at the same instant their ears
were greeted by a pandemonium of fu
rious Whoops immediately in their rear.
Turning ill the direction of the mu
tract. u*L jtour men beheld a sight that
was sufficient to inspire tlie stoutest
heart with dread, for charging toward
them from the very direction they them
selves had come was a horde of yelling
ravages, bearing before them a hideous
blood stained wood carving and bran
dishing their rude weapons as they came.
At sight of the grewsomc image the na
tive driver abandoned his control of the
dog team and shrank groveling to the
bottom of the sledge, uttering a single
terrified exclamation, “The war totem
of the Tongas’” An instant more the
dogs halted in confusion outside the sta
tion. Bnt there was no shelter for the
imperiled vanguard there, for so dense
was the snowdrift before the barred
gateway that it was impossible to effect
a hurried entrance. Realizing this, the
commander and his three men hurriedly
unslung their weapons and stood at bay
to receive the advancing hostiles.
“Give them a volley if you can,” shout
ed the former to the besieged party be
yond the wall, emphasizing his order by
a rapid discharge of his own revolver in
the face <5f the steadily approaching foe.
But the only shots fired in support of the
officer’s opening fusillade came from the
riUes of his three companions, and he
knew without being told that the little
garrison at his back had already ex
hausted their last round of ammunition.
So deadly was the effect of the fiery pro
test launched by the gallant little squad
into the foremost ranks of the savages
that for a moment the latter’s onward
rush was cheeked. But only for a mo
ment, and before their opposers had time
to reload their weapons the frenzied
horde had rallied and was upon them.
Drawing his sword, the brave command
er smote the. foremost of his assailants,
but the next Instant his blade was struck
from his gfasp by a blow from a ponder
ous warclub in the hands of the Tonga
chief. Again the murderous weapon was
swung aloft, this time aimed at the com
mander’s head, but before it could de
scend the sergeant’s cutlass hissed
through the air, and the would be assas
sin fell headlong at his intended victim’s
feet. Dazed at the sight of their stricken
leader, the swarming tribesmen again
hesitated. Then, before they could re
cover, a turmoil of vengeful yells, ac
companied by a withering fire of mus
ketry, reut ihe air as the main body of
the relief expedition came up and hurled
itself on the flank of the foemen. The
attack from this unexpected quarter com
pleted the demoralization of the Indians,,
who notv threw themselves in terror
upon the frozen snow and wailed for
What followed is briefly told. The sub
dued hostiles, after delivering up then
arms, themselves Cleared the snow from
the entrance to the. stockade, whereupon
the beleaguered' occupants threw open
THE GOVERNOR'S DAUGHTER ON THE ARM OF
TEE MARINE SERGEANT,
the gates to their deliverers, who had ar
rived so opportunely. As for the latter,
the tearfal gratitude of the four devoted
women they had rescued more than am
ply rewarded them for .their interrupted
Christmastide and the hardships that had
ensued. But Alaska’s governor Viewed
matters in a more magnanimous spirit,
and when, on the eve of the new year,
the Pinta again dropped anchor off Sitka
town, he boarded the brave little craft
and bade her gallant crew to a splendid
festival lie had prepared in honor of their
cominlr, in the ancient castle on the hill.
Not for many a year had the records of
the grand old edifice chronicled so joyous
an occasion, to adequately describe which
would be to recall some resplendent fete
of the old Russian regime. And in the
great ballroom of tbsy. long departed
aristocracy rank was for onee thrown to
t^ie winds—rank, but not distinction, for
in the grand march that preceded the
mariner's ball the governor’s own daugh
ter leaned on the arm of the marine ser
U . ^01., tune.
The “burning mountain” of Montet;
in AVeyron, France, which is often mis
taken for an active volcano, because a
pillar of cloud rises from it by day and
a- pillar of fire by night, is, in reality, a
coal mine which has been burning for
Tbe Only Subject.
Teacher—How dare yon laugh at me,
vou yoting rascals?
Chorus of Pupils—But we’re not laugh
ing at you, sir.
Teacher—Well, then, I don’t know
what else there is to laugh at.—London
The professor held his overcoat closely
about him as he walked down the long,
narrow passageway between tin; two
rows of split hogs hanging up in the
great packing house.
“The aisles of grease!” ho muttered.—
"A woman, I notice always lowers her
voice to ask a favor.” "tef and- raises
her voice if she doesn’t get it. —Chicago
Snd Pale of a Noble Tribe of Hew
Civilization. is responsible for the .de
cadence and -the p'idbable extinction of
One of the finest tribes that ever existed;
the Maotis of New-Zealand. Their history
is one of cquitiuua) bloodshed and fight
ing with the tribes of New Zealand and
with the, British. Looking at the Maoris
of today, it is" difficult to believe that they
were once pvojjid and haughty savages,
who regarded with disdain the white sail
ors who occasionally visited them, mock
ing them as they walked, because they
were not trained to the same athletic de
gree of fineness aff the Maoris.
Artistic tattooing is still a feature of
the Maori’s personal decoration, says, an
Auckland correspondent of the Detroit
News-Tribune. Some of the older men
still retain their proficiency at the spear
exercise, and the chiefs are not wanting
in dignity and hauteur, but the Maori of
today is not the Maori of 00 or even 30
TATTOOED MAORI CHIEF,
years ago. At that time the Maoris were
! ferocious athletes'. Alcohol was un
known to them. Their staple foods
l were a kind of sweet potato, the bulbous
root of ,a kind of lily and fish and birds.
! They did ribt- use tobacco. As a result of
this abstinence, they were blessed with
fine white teeth, keen eyesight and per
fect immunity from- Cancer and blood dis
eases. Cuts and wounds healed with re
markable, rapidity. They- were good fa
thers and mothers, attentive, indeed al
most overimlulgent to their children,
though by an odd contrast they seldom
hesitated -to kill a weakly or deformed
child at birth. The chief scourge of the
Maoris was consumption, which was not
brought upon them, however, by any
careless or barbarous habit. The Maoris
in New Zealand were a tropical race who
migrated into a temperate zone. They
naturally shrank from cold and suffered
from-coughs; rheumatism and influenza
and from itfimeuts of. the throat and
lungs.: .... j
At last the white man came, bring
ing with hint the manifold curses of
civilization. The mrtsket turned the tribal
wars into butcheries and swept away a
fourth of the race in 20 years. Rum did
some mischief, though tibt so much as
among other savage races. More dele
terious was inCeSSfllif tobacco smoking.
Various infectious diseases went through
the tribe.' European dritss, worn in full
one day and half laid aside the next,
was another evil gainst" a people al
ready subject . to consumption. When
the British rule brought', after a succes
sion of . disastrous Wars, lasting peace,
even that had its dtsacivantages. It de
prived, the, tribes of 'their main business
and excitement andf of the stimulus to
keep in hard training. Ill the old fight
ing days the villages were placed on
hilltops or at the edges of tall cliffs in
the healthiest spots’,in the islands. They
have since been too; often shifted to low
lying, 111 drained levels by rivers, lagoons
or marsheS.- Worst of all is the semi
idleness -in .which the Maori too often
passes the year. Me has grown fat,
sluggish and unambitious—too intelligent
not to see That, lift' race needs rousing
and reforming,- hut too lazy, torpid and
• dispirited to begin- the work.
There are men Still living who took
part in the terrible, war dance of the
Maoris, now a thing of the past. AH
eyewitnesses unite in -describing' its ef
fect as terrific.’ Hgid headed pioneers
and travelers,.untroubled by nerves, ad
mit the impression of horror left upon
them by the sight. Painted with red
ocher, stripped to the skin, the tattooed
warriors soared, groaned, writhed and
brandished-their weapons. At one mo
ment all leaped in the air, at another
they stamped the: earth till it shook be
neath them. Their tongues were pro
truded, their-faces worked convulsively,
their eyeballs rolled-till only the glaring,
white could be seen. Dripping with
sweat, they seemed very demons in their
frenzied contortions and excitement.
Deception In Art.
Ever since the days of Zeuxis and
Apelles, when Bucephalus neighed at
the sight of the painted Alexander and
birds peeked at painted grapes, there
have been occasional reversions to the
horse bird thebry -of what constitutes
art. It is' not'for effect on horses and
birds, however, but for effect on the hu
man consumer, that rabbits nnd squirrels
are painted hanging on dingy old shutters
with such realism that iron railings hare,
to intervene to keep the victims of the de
ception from feeling the fur. Such pic
tures command good prices at the hands
of gentlemen of sporting proclivities who
desire to decorate their dining rooms.
It may be that they help to prove our
Darwinian -descent from cells of A-r
chman time by way of the ancestral birds
with teeth nnd horses with five toe», but
they irresistibly recall the ‘new rich poll
tic-inn who built himself a fine house,
with a library in it containing several
thousand ivofflen book backs safely lock
ed up behind glass doors to which the
keys were always absent. It does not
require high art merely1 to deceive.—Now
BlnefUh Drivita Off by Whales.
Fishe.fTne.n report the presence in Ches
apeake Bay, in the vicinity Of Old Point,
of a school of whales. They say that the
whales have driven- the small fish away,
notably the blueflsh. Of these Last many
are usually shipped' to the Philadelphia
and Baltimore markets. One dealer said
that he has .lost tZ.cM during the past
week by his inablKtJI to fill orders tot
bluefish. One big whale Came ashore at
i Pleasure Beach recently.
A Dl^tcse.Similar to Sudanese Pew
In tlie Philippine,#. >
The military authorities have tt new
and serious problem in the Philippines.
It is the prevention or cure of a pecul
iar fotm of insanity which' is ■ bred by
the climate and by the, conditions which
•surround alany life. Its,bent' .tk'jfmirfler—
the desire to slay without..reason—and is
exemplified in the native'Pacific islander
who runs amuck, slashing arid stabbing
as he runs.
It is only comparatively recently that
scientists have hud their attention drawn
to, this form of madness. Not long ago,
when the world was shocked by the news
of the mitrder in Africa by the French
captains, Voulet and Chanoine, of Colo
nel Ivlo.bb, it was suppos^l that ambition
had led them to order their men to fire.
But more details were received by the
French .government and transmitted to
The bloodthirstiness of the men, the
purposeless killing of scores of natives,
convinced the medical branch of the serv
ice here that the mysterious madness had
seized upon the Frenchmen, and the mal
ady vvas given a name—Sudanese fever.
Jilst what it is the doctors do not know
ns yet. The government has Sent an ex
pert tb the Philippines to ascertain if pos
sible the natilfb. of the sickness. That it
develops in a warm climate is known,
and upper Africa and the Philippines are
ideal places to develop the “fever.”
Count too KoenlKomorek Cauelit a
Tartar In Fraulein Loewe.
Count Guenther von ICoenigsmarck is
a scion of one of the oldest aristocratic
families in Prussia. Ho is 30 years old,
tali, meager looking, with scanty fair
hair and a retreating chin.
For a long time the count has enjoyed
the friendship of a young lady of ex
quisite beauty named Ijoewe, who has
been- introduced to many of his friends
as the "Countess von Koenigsmarck.”
Their villa outside1 of Berlin was the
scene of many gay assemblies.
Evil days fell on the count, and he
pawned the “countess’” jewels. Time
passed, Frauleiu Loewe demanded her
jewels, but the count could only produce
the pawn tickets, on which he had even
neglected to pay the interest.
He soothed the infuriated Loewe, how
ever, with a document in which he de
clared his intention to pay her 90,000
marks ($22,000) should he at any time de
sire to sunder himself from her and mar
During the autumn the count informed
Sjoewe that he was called away to Dres
eu on urgent business; Aften ten days’
absence lie returned to his villa to an
nounce his marriage in Dresden with an
actress and to notify Frauleiu Loewe to
clear out within an hour, as the countess
was comiug from Dresden by the next
Of course poor Loewe had to go. But
she had that promise to pay $22,000, and
a week after the countess’ arrival her
predecessor called at the villa to get her
The servant, who used to call her “Gra
cious Countess,” banged the door in her
FRATTLEIN LOEWS ANWOYING HER FAITH
face and tol.l her the count was not at
home. Loewe knew he was at home din
ipg with his wife, so she went around to
the back garden, seized a ladder which
she knew was there, placed at against the
wall of the villa and ascended to have a
look.at the dining room.'
A crowd gathered to watch the extraor
dinary proceedings and to cheer her on.
She shouted that the count was a black
guard, broke the dining room windows
and treated several other windows in the
same free manner.
The noble Count von ICoenigsmarck
gave her in charge, and recently the
case came on for trial, Fraulein Loewe
being charged with tile destruction of
property not her own. Aristocratic Ber
lin sat in the court to listen to the details
and heard Loewe sentenced to pay $3 for
the broken glass.
But they heard also some caustic re
marks made by counsel, jud^e and jury
on the conduct of this scion of an ancient
Ai* Inimitable Feat.
The sailors of three me<n-o’-wdr—Ameri
can. French and British—while »in the
same harbor, were competing with 'each
other for the best display of seamanship.
A Yankee went to the top of t'he main
mast and stood there wiith an arm ex
tended. A Frenchman then went aloft
and extended both' arm's.
An irishman on board the British ship
thought; if he could stand there with a leg
and ah arm 'extended he would be declared
the .mostdaring,snilor, .Nimbly he mount
ed to the highest point and attempted to
do so, but at th.e last moment lost his
'balance, arid fell . through the rigging to
ward the deck.
The various topes against which he came
in contact broke his fail; and when-near
the deck he succeeded', in grasping n rope.
To this he hung for a obuple of seconds(
and then dropped Sightly- on t'he deck,
Ianding:safely on his febt:'. .
Folding hiis arms triumphantly, as if it
were all in the programme; he- glanced
toward the rival ships and! Jd^ous-ly ex
claimed:— ■ -.st.-ij J-Y
“There, you frog-eating and pig-sticking
foreigners^ beat that if 'yctif' eati! Cel
liet's; Weekly. ; . i ,ai
WC>r«iAi4 TREASURE hunter.
She Organizes an Expedition to Hunt
For Buried Gold.
Mrs. Roswell D. Hitchcock, a New
York wothun who has traveled much aud
written a book about the Klondike, is
going to conduct an expedition in search
of buried treasure. While in the Klon
dike she heard the story of buried gold
on Santa Catalina island from a miner
who claimed to have found some of it.
She also got possession of an old chart
and has found the widow of a man who
helped bury the gold. The widow will
go with her.
Says Mrs. Hitchcock of her enterprise:
“That the treasure is there is a historical
fact. There ate three treasures, secret
ed at different times, on the island. One
is in jewels, diamonds, golden images
from sanctuaries aud precious stones of
all kinds, amounting to $30,000,000; an
other is $5,000,000 in Mexican dollars;
the last, and the one of which I have the
chart, is between $15,000,000 and $20,
000,000 in gold.
“Of course all the facts I shall not
make public. I am satisfied that I can
locate this vast wealth. It is not pirate
MRS. ROSWELL D. HITCHCOCK.
gold. Onco, when two governments were
at war, those holding a certain fortress
decided to remove the money stored)
there. They bad the gold put in strong
boxes and loaded on a schooner. The
next morning, when they were ready to
sail, th« commander discovered that the
men in charge of the schooner had sailed
away in the night.
“Tbeytrew were caught and court mar
tialed. One of them, who promised to
reveal where they had stored the treas
ure, was spared. He lied. Afterward
he said he could not find the place. They
hunted for it .a long time and finally gave
up in despair. This man made out a
chart of the island, showing the location
of the boxes. He guarded his secret,
however. He never got a chance to go
buck to Santa Catalina. His widow will
go there with me.”
Once an expedition Went out from New
York in quest of this pirate’s hoard.
Charles S. Beardsley, a lawyer; John
Benjamin Peck of the. treasury depart
ment, Judge Horne of Buffalo and Judge
Davidson of San Francisco were .the or
ganizers. The failure of that expedition
is still remembered. They found nothing
but trouble. At last they were glad jo
get home again.
HE MAY BE POPE.
Whom Leo Says
Will Succeed Him.
lamo Maria Got
ti, who is said
to hare been re
ed by Pope Leo
as his successor,
is a famous Gen
oese monk who,
prior to his elevation, vns at the head or
the barefooted Carmelite order. He is
a mnn of great piety and strength of
character. He has lived a life of asceti
cism. Although a prince of the church
and robed in p.urple, he sleeps in a room
so bare that it might be called a cell. He
is 04 years old, which is comparatively a
youthful age for a candidate to the pa
Cardinal Gotti has the respect and con
fidence of Pope Leo. He holds the post
of prefect of the congregation of indul
gences apd sacred relics. He displayed
diplematio qualities of the highest order
in the mission to Brasil confided to him
in 1892. In that country-, in addition to
the conflict goihg on between the civil
and religious authorities, the church was
in considerable danger on account of the
lack of discipline and of the dissolute
morals which prevailed among the clergy
and the episcopate. To the great aston
ishment of every one the pope selected
the Superior of the barefooted Carmel
ites, who happened to be Father Gotti,
to put an end to disorder and re-establish
harmony between the civil and religious
Father Gotti in two or three years tri
umphed over all difficulties, and his suc
cess was so complete that on his return
the holy father decreed him a cardinal’s
hat. He has already a small court form
ed of those who believe his success prob
able, who honor him as though he were
already elected. But be does not take
much notice of these flatterers. Great
ness appears tq have no temptations for
Bear Fighting in Italy.
Bear fighting by the high aristocracy is
one of bha latest fads reported from Italy.
The Prince of Molfet’ta recently gave an
exhibition' in which he himself fought a
young bear which had. been tVained riot
to use Its claws for scratching. King
Humbert was so pleased at a similar ex
hibition given a short time ago In Rome
for charity that he contributed S10,0C0
from the royal exeheouer.—Chicago
CECIL RHODES. J
Leading Financier of the I»- *
lands, Who Began as a <
Waif of the Ocean,
BY HOWARD SPENCE SINCLAIR;
The Cecil Rhodes of Hawaii is Benja
min F. Dillingham. The resemblance be
tween the South African autocrat and
Mr. Dillingham is only a partial one,
however. While Mr. Dillingham is per
haps the foremost of Hawaiian financiers
and a power in the islands, he is gener
ally liked and respected both by whites
and natives. Mr. Rhodes can hardly
claim this distinction.
Like Rhodes, though, he began life in
a strange land with practically not a dol
lar. Mr. Dillingham is an American,
W’ho ran away to sea when a boy. It
was during his second year’s experience
as f sailor before the mast that he was
w-recked on the island of Hawaii..
Crawling up out of the water, his clothes
dripping with brine, he turned and shook
his fist at the ocean. Then and there he
quit forever the life of a sailor.
In Honolulu he soon f^lind work. His
first wages were $0 a week. It was
enough to live on and but little more.
But he was frugal ahd industrious. Soon
he was making more.money, and he be
gan to save his earnings. In time he had
saved enough to go into business for
himself. He opened a hardware store.
He w as successful.
All these years the leaven of ambition
was active in his brain, and he preached
the doctrine of expansion and develop
ment to his less enthusiastic neighbors.
Hawaii, he insisted, was one of the rich
est gardens of the universe, and it was
their duty to take advantage of nature’s
bounty and develop its resources. His
logic compelled their attention, but they
were stow to follow his suggestion.
When in the latter eighties Dillingham
proposed the construction of a railway
on the island of Oahu which would con
nect and be fed by a number of sugar
plantations which he intended to devel
op, sluggish capital balked at the idea
as foolhardy aud impracticable. The
McKinley bill bad dealt a heavy blow
to the sugar Industry in Hawaii, and
with their principal market closed
against them the planters saw nothing
ahead blit blue ruin.
Dillingham’s unbounded optimism and
pluck overcame one obstacle after anqth
BENJAMIN F. DILLINGHAM.
er and finally landed himself and his
followers just where he predicted they
should find themselves when the task he
had outlined was accomplished. Artesian
wells were sunk upon the present site
of the famous Ewa sugar plantation,
and water in sufficient abundance for irri
gation purposes was struck. The Ewa
company was organized and the stock
Investors were slow in coming to the
front, but Dillingham persevered, and
the plantation was soon firmly establish
ed. It yielded remarkably from its in
ception, and every one connected with
the corporation thrived. Stock went up
and up until it reached the beau of the
list, and the name of Dillingham was
blessed. Throughout the trials of organ
ization and promotion he had carried
burdens under which a less plucky and
optimistic man would have fallen, but he
plodded on in hia own confident way and
proved the truthfulness of his reason
With Ewa prosperous, Dillingham set
about to extend his railway and develop
new' plantations. Oahu was formed and
launched and became a second Ewa, in
ferior only in size and productive capac
But Dillingham was not content to rest
at Oahu. The wild and fertile fields of
Waialua were still in his path, and to
these his railway must be extended. Lit
tle time was lost in so doing, and Waia
lua soon followed Ewa and Oahu as a
profitable feeder for his road. ,
The pKSur<v»nue scenery on the sea
shore of Waialua tempted him to build a.
hotel there, and he did so, giving Hawaii
its most attractive structure.
Just now Mr. Dillingham is forming
new plans for the iruprovementof island
industries. What they are he alone
knows, but it is safe to assert that capi
tal will follow his undertakings, so con
fident are those who know him in his hon
esty and ability to carry out whatever
project he may contrive.
Today the enterprises launched and di
rected by Mr. Dillingham are the most
extensive and profitable of any in the big
group of islands where the stars and
stripes now wave. In Honolulu you will
hear much about him. You may ride for
miles over his railroads and in his steam
ers, stop at his magnificent hotel and won
der at the size of his sugar plantations.
In the social world which centers in
Honolulu you will hear talk of the en
tertainments at the Dillingham home,
which is not pretentious, but is extremely
comfortable. His wife is a social leader.
One of his daughters is the wife of Asso
ciate Justice Frear of Honolulu, and his
eldest son is now studying in Harvard.
Not half bad for a waif of the sea.
Fine Collection of Ocean Charts.
Frederick C. Rockwell is the owner of a
fine set of ocean charts published in 1800,
and known as the East Indian Pilot. He
picked it up last year in Gloucester,
where it was brought by a shipmaster in
1801, The map of the Philippines is in some
respects superior to any of the maps
which have been published in this country
since we went ot war with Spain, and
there seem to have been comparatively
few changes in the islands in the course
of a century. Camiguen Island, on the
north coast, near which the Charleston
was wrecked, is shown, as is every other
one of the 1,500 or more islands of the
group. Such a collection of old charts is
both interesting and valuable.
“What did you think of Niagara Falls,
Mabel?" asked the small girl's aunt.
"Why, it was the wettest thing I ever
saw:' said Mabel.—Harper's Basar.
THE KEY TO
Why Delagoa Bay Figures So
Prominently In the South
BY CHARLES WARNER.
The seizure of German and Ameriean
vessels in Delagoa Bay b£ British war
ships merely accents the fact that this
little indentation on the east coast of
Africa was bound to 6e the scene of just
such things as have occurred.
Delagoa Bay has been rightly called
the “key to the Transvaal.” Now thkt ■
they are at wav with England, which
doses their outlet through Durban, the
.'•>ers find their only method of com
mtftication with the outside world is
through Delagoa Bay.
The railroad, which runs from Lou
renco Marques, .the port of Delagoa Bay,
to Pretoria, has been very busy of late.
Long, stout wooden boxes have made up
much of the freight consigned to Pre
toria. These were heavy boxes, and they
were marked “Mining Machinery,” but
when they reached Pretoria the contents
ware unpacked and hurried to the front;
so it must have been queer mining ma
Of course this suspicious freight came
in steamers. Now, if Great Britain own
ed Delagoa Bay, she would allow noth
ing at all to be sent into Pretoria. The
line would be closed as effectually as is
the line running from Durban. If the
Transvaal owned the bay, it would be
filled with British warships and the city
of Lourenco Marques would either sur
render or be knocked to pieces.
But this important little strip of Af
rican coast happens to be owned by Por
tugal, and so Lourenco Marques is a
Not only is it the sole port offering any
harborage to men-of-war and to mer
chantmen al^ng the east coast of Africa,
but it is the only port by means of which
the Boers have received both the men
and the war material that enable them
to continue the straggle against the Eng
lish. True, English cruisers have the
right to stop and examine upon the high
seas any foreign shipping which they
may suspect of carrying contraband of
war for the Boers, but any real search at
sea is out of the question, since it is man
ifestly impossible to shift the entire
VIEW OF DELAGOA BAY.
freight of a big trading steamer in order
to ascertain whether guns and war ma
terial are secreted at the bottom of the
hold, while in the same way there is no
means of discovering whether there is
any truth in the essentially pacific and
commercial pretexts which the large
number of military looking passengers
give as the object of their journey to
At the outset of the war Portuguese
sympathies were with the English, and
for some weeks before hostilities actually
were begun the Portuguese authorities
even went so far in their demonstrations
of good will toward Great Britain as to
stop the conveyance of great guns and
war material of every kind destined for
the Boers via Delagoa Bay. Their friend
ly intentions, however, were frustrated
by the prime minister of the English
Cape Colony, who, at the time when the
Boer importation of war supplies was
being stopped at Delagoa Bay, permitted
President Kruger to bring in all the
heavy ordnance, ammunition, etc., that
he wanted by way of Cape Town—that
is to say, over British territory.
This naturally served to discourage the
Portuguese, and the heavy reverses which
England has sustained since the begin
ning of the war have tended still further
to diminish their eagerness to favor the
British at the expense of the Transvaal.
The latter’s frontier is but 40 miles from
Delagoa Bay, which, moreover, is con
nected by a line of railroad with the Boer
capital, Pretoria, less than 300 miles
away. There is nothing whatever to pre
vent the Boers from taking advantage of
the railroad to sweep down from their
border line at IComati Poort upon Lou
renco Marques, twoscore miles away, and
to seize Delagoa Bay by means of a
“coup de main.” The Portuguese gov
ernment gives this danger as an excuse
for permitting at present the unrestricted
Boer importation of war supplies and of
re-enforcements via Delagoa Bay. From
very early times the Portuguese have
claimed the bay and the coast to the north
as far as Mozambique. In the latter part
of the seventeenth century they built fac
tories along the shores.
The adveat of railroads into feouth Ar*
rica put a new light on the occupation of
Delagoa Bay. The Portuguese, however,
never relinquished their hold on the east
coast as far south as the bay.
In 1S88 the railroad from the bay to the
Transvaal frontier was completed, but
the next year was seized by the Portu
guese government. The case was refer
red to a commission of four Swiss judges
os arbitrators, and. while reports have
been made, the final award is still being
expected, and a connection is inferred
between this coming award and the re
cent alleged secret treaty, which, it is
now contended, has been drawn to ena
ble Portugal to lease certain of her pos
sessions in Africa in order to tide over
In 1804 the railroad was continued
through Transvaal territory to the capi
tal, Pretoria, thus reducing the distance
from the coast from 460 to 400 miles.
Delagoa Bay is 300 miles from Durban,
930 miles from Cape Town and 1,600
miles from Zanzibar, all British posses
It is now easy to understand England's
desire 25 years ago that no third party
should obtain by purchase or otherwise
possession of Delagoa Bay.
BOARD OF EDUCATION.
Pursuant to adjournment a meeting of
the Board of Education was held in the
Assembly Chamber, City Hall, Wednesday
evening, January 3, 1900.
Present — President Mtilvaney and
Messrs. Jvsnnedy. Ward, Lewie, Barker,
Culver and Egbert—7.
■Absent—Messrs. Suecow, Witt, Blrdsall,
Cullen. Berger and Hulshizer—6.
READING AND APPROVAL OF MIN
The President declared the minutes of
the meetings of December 14, 1899, and
December 18, 1899, approved as printed.
On motion Of Mr. Kennedy the minutes
of the meeting of December 28, 1899, were
approved as read. _ _.
PRESENTATION OF COMMUNICA
From Marie Bemedorf. teacher In
School No, 5, resigning her position, to
take effect Jtmtlirj- 1, 1900.
fRecetyed anti accepted.
From 9. P.‘Towne, Principal Evening
School No.'2, resigning his position, to
take effect December 27, 1899.
Received 3nd accepted.
From W. A. Kerr, secretary of a con
ference of members Of the Boards of Edu
cation of Hudson County, N. J., request
ing tuts "Board to appoint ithree delegates
to attend a convention in Jersey City,
N. J., for the purpose of drafting a sub
stitute bill for Senate bill Nb. 197.
Received, and on motion of Mr. Barker
the President was empowered to appoint
, From Richard English, contractor for
giasog worfc of new School No. 20, com
jMateiiig p£ .the dfelay in receiving from the
contractor the front brick selected by the
Board of Education and requesting assist
ance for the prompt delivery of the same.
1 Received and referred to Committee on
School No. 20.
Office of the Board of Finance,
Jersey City, N. J„ Ded. 23, I8S*.
"Hon. Board of Education.
Dear Sirs—The following resolution was
adopted by the Board of Finance of Jersey
City at its meeting held December 20, 1899,
and was approved by the Mayor Decem
ber 22. 1899.
M. F. KALAHER.
Resolved, Thai in accordance with *
resolution of the Board of Education,
passed December IS. 1899. the sum of
$4,792.74 is hereby appropriated and charged
to account '‘Rebuilding Schooi No. 20.
to pay bills as follows:—C. F. Long, archi
tect, *3,727.74; Henry J, Collins, engineer,
$750; C. 'N. Ford, inspector, *315.
Received and referred to Finance Com
PRESENTATION OF CLAIMS.
Books and stationery:—
Daniel Slote Sc Co., stationery, School
No. 4, &2.17; School No. 5, ScIuk*
No. 6, $11.78; School No. 9, *5; 3cho0l No.
12. $3.70, $11.45, $10.18, $2.25; Sehool No. 22,
$4.33; Sehoul No. 13, $2.50; School No. 28,
Peckham. Little & Co., stationery,
School No. 8, $2ti; School No. 11. *4.23;
School No. 23, $18.31.
American Book Co., books. High School,
$29; Schooi No. 21, $26.40; School No. 2j,
Eaton & Co., books. School No. 4p
Butler. Sheldon & Co., books, School
No. 11. $30.16.
D. Appleton & Co., supplies, School No.
Longman. Green & Co., books, Hlgk
Walter Z. Holmes & Co., tuning pianos.
Schools No. 2. $7; No. 3, $2; No. 9. *2.50.
New York & New Jersey Telephone Co.,
High. $57.95; School No. 9, $19.82.
J. H. Pilson, printing .office, $16.50.
The Evening Journal Association, print
ing. office, $20.90:
The Jersey City News, printing, office,
Philip Tumulty, Jr., coal. School No. 9,
Chas J. Munzing, repairs, School No.
23. $79.30, $374.75.
W. Werner & Co., repairs, School No,
8, $14.50; School No. 26, $10.
Thomas Flanagan, repairs. School No.
Carl Luck, repairs, School No. 19, $5.80.
John T. Villipegue, repairs, School No.
Henry Stuhr, repairs, School No. 25,
American School Furniture Co., furni
ture, School No.. 7, $21.95; School No. 11,
$96.55; Annex No. 11, $14.40; School No. 20,
$63.25; School No. 25, $30.19.
James J. Higgins, repairs, School No. 3,
Wm. H. Stone, repairs, School No. 16,
R. O'Rourke, repairs, School No. 21,
William Dunne, repairs. School No. 7,
*31 ;School No. 10, $25.
William PoWley, repairs, School No. 4,
Gardner & Randall Lumber Co., School
No. 25, $25.
Walter Z. Holmes, piano, School No.
Steinbeiger & Hoos, Insurance, School
No. 4. $67.50; Annex No. 9, $11.25; School
Nd. 19, $93.75. ""
Christopher P. Smith, insurance, School
No. 2, $3.60; School No. 3. $3.60; School No.
4, $3.60; School No. 5, $3.60, School No. 9,
Love & Wanser, insurance. School No.
2, $S1; School No. 3, $81; School No. 5,
Minkakwa Club, rent. Annex No. 20,
Enos. F. Jones Chemical Co., Janitors'
supplies. School No. 2, $4.02.
Received and referred to their appro
REPORTS OF STANDING COMMIT
Finance, by Mr. Lewis, Chairman:—
Resolved, That the following claims. 64
In number, be ordered paid to the parties
hereinafter named as per bills accom
Books and Satlonery, &e„ 1S98-1899:—
James B. W’ilson, stationery, High
School, November, 1899. $3.
Silver. Burdett & Co., books. School No.
7, October, 1899. $9.62; School No. 9, Octo
ber, 1899, $11.52; School No. 9, June, 1899,
$29.80; School No. 21. December. 1898, $25.80;
School No. 24, October. 1899. $17.20.
American Book Co., books. School No,
11, November, 1899, $28.24; School No. 13, $8,
Harpfr & Bros., books, Higf^ School,
November, 1S99, $4.50, $3.20. “ !
Rand, McNally & Co., globes, School
No. 24. October. 1899. $2.60.
Safety Bottle & Ink Co., ink, School
No. 23, October, 1899. $3.75; School No. 23,
June. 1899, $7.60; School No. 24, October,
Milton Bradley & Co., books. School No,
24. November, 1899, $2.15.
H. P. Smith Publishing Co., books.
School No. 11. November, 1S99, $5.76.
Maynard, Merrill & Co., books, School
No. 11, October. 1899. $4.32.
Werner School Book Co., books, School
No. 2. October, 1899, $8.80.
Universitv^Publishing Co., books. School
No. 21, February. 1899, $8.64.
James C. Lansing, ineidentials, Novem
ber. 1899, $3.90.
Janitors' Supplies. 1898-1899:—
Wood & Menagh. janitors’ supplies,
Sehool No. 2, April, 1899. $4.61; School No.
3. November. 1S96. $7.18; School No. 4,
November. 1899 $5.88; School No. 5. No
vember. 1899, $16.29; School No. 12, Novem
ber, 1899, $0.24, $5.63; School No. 19,
November. 1S99. $8.95; Annex No. 20. Octo
ber, 1899, $5.33; School No. 24, November,
Woodhouse & Co., Annex No. 20, Octo
ber, 1899. $1.71.
Emergency Repairs, 1S98-1899:—
Robert Edgar, repairs, School No. T.
$17.88; School No. 10. $5.
Hudson County Gas Co., repairs, School
No. 10, $14.15; School No. 11, $21.50.
James E. Murray, repairs, School No 5.
R. J Roberts, repairs. School No. 3, $S;
School No.- 5, $8.
Goetschus & Watson, repairs. School
No. 3, $33.
Fergus T. Kelaher, repairs. School No.
George Richter, repairs, School No. U,
^Jane Daren, cleaning, School No. 23,
George F. Frederick, repairs, School
No. 25, $10.55.
^Louis Bates, repairs, School No. S,
^Wmtdhouse & Co., lumber. School No.
Edwin W. Thorp, repairs. School No. 12.
$360; School No. 23, $275; School No. IS, $55
James E. Woods, repairs, School No. 24
James Driscoll, repairs. School No. 21.
Edward Mulcahy, repairs, School No. IS,
E. G. Bronson, repairs. High, $71.
Lucas Peter, repairs. School No. 7, $315;
School (No. 10, $265.
Special Appropriation, Rebuilding School
No. 20, $4,792.74, December, 1899:—
C. F. Long, architect. School No. 20,
*500, $1,500 and $1,727.74.
Henry J. Collins, supervising engineer.
School No. 20, $750.
C. N. Ford. Inspector, School No. 20,
$60. $125 and $130.
Special School Account, Boncte, Liquor
Licenses, etc., etc.:—
Richard English, second payment, con
tract! 302a, School No. 20, $4,000; third pay
Fergus T. Kelaher. plumbing work,
contract 303a. School iNo. 20. $2,000.
Special Appropriation, No. 1 annex,
No. 1 and 17. $3,129.11:—
■William Hogencantp, rent, Annex No. 1,
(November, 1899. $75.
Appropriation Account. 1899-1900:—
William Hogenoamp, rent, Annex No. 1,
w tlliam Hogenoamp,
December, MSS. $76.
(To bs continued.)
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