Newspaper Page Text
TALK ABOUT REORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY. Chnn-ros Snsgcsteil In the Plan of CsmpuiRn — Officer* Who May He Hee—Available Material For licit Ccmunuden. In vie a- or the forthcoming reorganiza tion of the United States army it is quite probable that the near future will see some changes iu the tiaff of officers now commanding in the Philippine Islands. It is. of course, impossible to obtain uny official information on the subject, bat it is said that the administration is dis satisfied with the conduct of the cam paign and has decided to make radical changes. The rumors have it that the officers to return to the United States in the near future include three ranking officers, Ma jor General Mac Arthur. Major General John C. Bates and Brigadier General Frederick I). Grunt. These officers have been iu the Philippine Islands since the beginning of the rebellion, and it is said that at least one of them has asked to be relieved. It seems to be the general impression in army circles that General Grant, at any rate, will scon return to this country and that General Bates will accompany him. Major General MacAr thur, who has general direction of all military matters in the islands, may also be recalled, though this is more uncertain. It is generally thought that the succes sor of General MaeArthur will be Gen Kioto by Parh Bros.,’Jew York. GENERAL ADKA R. CHAFFEE. eral Adna H. Chaffee, for he is the logical candidate for the position. With General John C. Bates relieved he will be the ranking officer in the Philippines. Gen eral Chaffee has done long and hard serv ice for the United States. He is a vet eran of the civil war, during which strug gle he won two brevets for ‘‘gallant and meritorious services.” He has also won two brevets for service in Indian wars. He holds at present the rank of colonel in the regular army, commanding the Kigfcth cavalry. He is a brigadier gener r.l in the volunteer establishment and is in command of the United States troops i;i China. It is predicted by persons well acquainted with army matters that Chef fee will reach the rank of commanding general of the army before retiring. Another of our generals who is looked upon as likely to be sent to the Philip pines is Brigadier General William Lud low. now in command of the department of Havana. General Ludlow holds the rank of lieutenant colonel in the engineer p* I'ron: a recent pJaetn. * .GENERAL WILLIAM LUDLOW. corps ami has gained a Tory high reputa tion as a sanitary engineer. His services as an administrator and engineer would bo of the very highest vain? in Manila and other Philippine cities after peace is established. General Ludlow has had charge of the work of improving the sani tary conditions of Havana and has ac complished much good. He is a veteran of the civil war, in which he gained three brevets for gallant services. Water in .*n. .. iu.,,.-. have been boiled should never ne poured down e sink, for it causes a very lingering «:n vllsagreeable ml or to permeate the wind bouse. Such liquids are best thrown o: epon the earth, where the smell w evaporate without being unpleasant "Yen'd ndttfr eat It slow,” said jor.n py to the clergyman, who was dining w'^’.) the family. "Mamma never gives iv.ore’a one piec* of pie.”—Chicago Trib une. ; >'./ BACK TO ENGLANu. Princess Arfliert and He* ['nfmcoois. f«l Ventnrc In Matrimony. Like most of the younger princesses of Europe, Princess Aribeit of Anhalt is ti granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Her mother, Princess Helena Augusta Vie* rotta of Great Britain and since her marriage Princess Christian of Sleswick r Photo by Bassans, London. PRINCESS AKIEERT. Holstein, is tlie second daughter of the English sovereign. Princess Chris tian's second daughter, Louise, married in 1891 Prince Arihert of Anhalt, one of the small German principalities. Prince Aribert and his wife have just jeen judicially separated, although it is understood that no divorce will be sought by either. Their marriage was celebrat ed in England and was one of the most brilliant ceremonies ever performed there. It was attended by two sovereigns. Queen Victoria and her grandson. Emperor Wil liam of Germany. Emperor William is a first cousin of the young princess and has taken a deep interest in her welfare. Princess Aribert’s interests all bind her to England, and she win make her home there in the future. Her older brother. Prince Christian Victor of Sleswick-Holstein, lost his life recently in South Africa while serving in the army of his grandmother. Although Queen Victoria is said to be unalterably opposed to receiving matrimonial fail ures, she will undoubtedly make an ex ception in favor of her granddaughter, who is said to be one of her favorites. Princess Aribert spent some time this year in traveling in the United States end Canada. Tire XVomiin Hoarder, Single women, whether widows or maids, frequently experience great difficulty in finding good boarding places owing to the prejudice of the majority of land ladies against those of their class. As a rule, accommodations of a desirable character are reserved for gentlemen on ly. The Chicago Chronicle tells about one young woman in a neighboring city who undertook to get at the root of this prejudice the other day and started out on an exploring expedition. And this is the reception she had. as related by her self: "The advertisements were the first shocks to m.v nervous system. With one accord all those who had apartments to let announced that they took gentlemen only. “This qualification was so general that finally one day 1 ventured to invade a j house so posted and ask to see the rooms, i The woman of the house regarded me scornfully. “ 'We don’t take ladies here,’ she said. “ ‘Why not?’ 1 asked argumentatively. ‘I’m a very busy person. I work during the day, and I disturb no one. I can give you unexceptionable references. 1 oon’t whistle in my room or throw my clothes in the corners or smoke, nor am I likely to come in intoxicated at all hours. I really can’t see why I shouldn’t be as de sirable as a lodger as a man.’ "All this I said to induce her to divulge the reason for this prejudice against wo men. “‘We don’t take ladies.’ she responded doggedly. ‘They quarrel about the sheets and pillowcases nnd find fault with the towels and the way the room is swept. There’s a boarding house next door. Per haps they'll take you there.’ “Shades of my grandmother! Perhaps they would take mo! As though 1 were an outcast, whose faults might be forgiv en if I promised to be gooff*. “But they wouldn't take me next door after all. though 1 added a few other vir tues to the list 1 had reeled off before and showed letters from my former hostess. “ ‘There’s the third fioor front you could hifve if you were only a man.’ said this landlady, reflectively. ‘We don’t care to take ladies; they make trouble in the house. We don't seem to be able to make them comfortable, and one urges the oth er on to complain.’ “The next morning when I started out to renew my search I was fortified with certificates of baptism and confirmation and a letter from the rector of the church 1 attended. These finally admitted me to the domicile of a weary looking person, who acknowledged desperately that she took her own sex to board. Then, such is the contrariness of human nature, I in stantly took a loathing to the place and decided it must he very second rate in deed. I took rooms there, however. “Now the question arises, Are women so intensely disagreeable in other peo ple's houses as all this, and, if so, why? If the dust lies undisturbed for weeks in the corners of a room, the feminine lodger will naturally call attention to it. But need she do so in an imperious manner? “At all events, I’m sorry I'm a woman, since I must board, for it seems that the most objectionable of the lords of crea tion is preferred before any woman, how ever amiable Bhe may be, in lodging houses.” The Housekeeper’s Responsibility. Unless a housekeeper is employed there are many duties the supervision o£ which must tall upon the housewife. The regular eare of the refrigerator and the scalding of the hoses for cake, bread, etc., are among these. Once a week is often enough to wash the refrigerator if ordinary care is given to the articles stored in it. Excepting in iceboxes hav ing entirely separated and ijnarantined divisions, no fish, cheese, cabbage or on ions should bo kept in the general re frigerator. Their iiavpr will not only in fect the other foods and give an odor to the box, but will spoil the milk, butter and gelatin preparations. In cleansing the refrigerator the shelves should be removed to the large dishpaa and wash ed in hot soapsuds, in which a pinch of soda has been dissolved. Then they should be thoroughly , rinsed in cold wa ter and wiped dry. Everything should be removed from the icebox, und the sides should receive the same attention. It should he left open until perfectly dry and cool before replacing the ice and foods in it. GENtlio i-u\; ORGANIZATION. Soecesnfiit v.’oj'.r cf President Cassatt of the Pemiffyh ualu ilailroad. Alexander Johnson Cassatt, -who has been at the ■ head of the Pennsylvania railroad for something over a year, has done very much to bring about and strengthen the friendly relations be tween tho great railroad systems of the east. Mr. Cassatt is a man of long ex perience in the railroad business. Most of his work has been with the Pennsyl vania. with which he has been connect ed for almost 40 years. He began as a rodiuan on the Philadelphia division in 1SC1. Mr. Cassatt can scarcely bo described as a self made man, for his father, Hob From a recent photo. ALEXANDER J. CASSATT, ert S. Cassatt, was a prominent banker and gave ilia son the best educational ad vantages that money could buy. Mr. Cassatt v.-as born in Pittsburg in 1S39. He went through the common schools of Pittsburg aud then went to Europe with 'his father, who established a residence there. Young Cassatt studied in France and took a course in the University of Heidelberg. He has, of course, an inti mate knowledge of modern languages. Mr. Cassatt returned to this country aud took a full course at the celebrated Rensselaer Polytechic institute at Troy, N. Y., from which he was graduated in 1Sf>9 as a civil engineer. The young eugineer adopted the rail road business as a profession, aud his first work in that line was in connection with a Georgia railroad. At the out break of the civil war he returned to the north and went to work for the Penn sylvania railroad. From the very start iie developed ability of a very high order ;nd won steady advancement. He has held very many posts on the road, in all of which his unusual ability made him very influential. Iii 1882 lie resigned as vice president of the road and severed his connection with it for a few years. Last vear Mr. Cassatt succeeded the late Frank Thomson as president of the Pennsylvania system. Among olicr honors paid to him Mr. Cassatt was in 1S90 appointed by Pres ident Harrison a member of the interna tional American conference, and in 1892 Ue was a member of the board of visitors of the West Point Military academy. Mr. Cassatt is married to a niece of President James Buchanan. His chief recreation is the breeding and raising of fine horses, to which he is much at tached. Packing: Tranks. Anybody can pack a trunk in a way, but to pack one properly is another thing. Care should be taken to fill in solidly as one packs. Never go back and till spaces after most of the things are in. Always pack large articles first. Skirts should be folded from the hem, folding them twice, then turning them back one fold, so that the skirt at the hem will be shaped like a W crushed together. This keeps them even and smooth at the bottom and leaves all the wrinkles to come at the top, where they show the least. Wraps should be folded like men’s coats. Waists and erushable dresses should be packed in trays. All puffs aud sleeves should be slightly stuffed with something to keep them in shape; veils, luces, handkerchiefs and such articles may be used'for this purpose. There is no danger of getting a trunk too"* lull if rightly packed; the fuller the better; then everything keeps its place. Hats and bonnets are the most difficult to manage. The bows should be filled with tissue paper or other soft material; then, after removing flowers and feathers, pack clothing closely and carefully around, and they will not be harmed. The feathers and flowers should bo placed in a box with enough tissue paper to hold each in place. Wheu all is iu, lay a piece of paper cambric or other starched goods over ail to keep out the dust that ♦s sure to find its way through the trunk top during a long journey. If Hen Were Women. “If I were a woman," said a man worth quoting to a southern correspond ent, “I would think nothing better worth my while than lirst to have a good and liberal education. I do not mean by that I would be satisfied with nothing less than a college training, though that is good in its way. and I would know hi'; tory and geography and literature, with enough aritheuietie to attend to my own accounts and business affairs should oc casion require. If I were a woman, I should consider myself very incompetent to take up the lines of household man agement without a good working knowl edge of cooking and cleaning and sewing. If I were a woman, I would learn to do every bit of work that is generally con ceded to lie within woman’s domain.” “If I were a woman,” says another man, both writers giving their views to the Detroit Free Press, “I would inform myself upon the topics of the times and current events. I would know something about the latest books, the latest plays, a little about music and a little about art, even 1f I could not know much about any of these things. Then when my husband or my children or my friends wpre ready for a half hour’s chat I could bw counted on to be companionable. 1 would never discuss the servant question, and I would never tell about the little hitches in the domestic machinery.” This man’s ideal woman stands out very clearly. She is the companionable woman. __ A Girl Should Love Her Work. “The question of money I often wish did not loom so large, for I hold jt as a vital principle that the best work is never done merely for money’s sake, and that the best workers are never merce nary," writes Margaret E. Sangster iri The Ladies’ Home Journal. "That money AnBWAMtb all +laiu<#« U •- — FULFILLING A DU1T. THE ReAL LIFE WORK OF THE WOMAN WHO NEVER MARRIES. She Is Generally Owned by a Syndi cate — Smooths Oat the Rough Places — Helper ciul Comforter at Cradle, Altar and Grave. Any woman can marry some sort of a fellow. 'Tis the sheerest folly to ques tion that. It is an iulinitely bigger achievement to remain unmarried—as many sensible women do—from a keen sense of duty to others, loyalty to a high ideal or for a wider sphere of action, which is fortunate for the rest of humani ty, for the world would swing along very lamely without the unmarried woman. She is generally owned by a syndicate composed of the various members of her family, and she is passed back and forth among them—a sort of jointly possessed treasure—to be loaned wherever it hap pens to be most required, frequently serving as the uniting link between the dissenting factions thereof. She feeis all the interest of an owner in the world ly possessions of the lucky syndicate which knows her ministering, and yet in all this great universe she owns absolute ly nothing. For juore than one reason she is a tremendous Sou roe of comfort when things go wrong, the sort of things that cause a man to blaspheme under his breath and cast about in his mind for somebody to lay the blame on. She makes a fairly gi>od scapegoat after years have tamed her spirit and taught her the - wisdom of silence. While she has youth and attractiveness she finds it very true that marriage is possible for any woman. She may discuss by the hour; she may write about it at a cer tain rate per column; she may dream of the bliss of possessing a home and a real sure enough man nil to herself; of the satisfaction of indulging her own tastes and following her own inclinations; of the sweetness of an unselfish love and the soothing of a man's sympathy when heartaches and other aches wax strong; of the pieasant sense of protection that comes with a man’s arm always between her and the world. one may even have an occasional idea of trying the experiment with some par ticular one of her numerous admirers, but when she looks around and sees the many empty places that nobody else can fill and remembers the many people who need her she hasn’t quite the nerve to desert her post. She believes that au other woman will console each man in whose life she has created an aching void and that no one can fill the other gaps. She is convinced that it would be selfish just then for her to think of mar riage for herself. As she grows older and these tempta tions come less often she fills the senti ment craving side of her nature with other people’s love affairs. Many a matri monial aspirant goes to her for a bracer when his soul is sick with uncertainty and goes away with a certain buoyancy and sense of peace. It probably requires much grace and tact to know just how to behave when people you’ve tended through sundry in fantile ills and r inked and bossed gen erally begin to wear grown up airs and be patronizing. It’s even worse when they loftily take you into their confidence about some budding romance, going into all the details for fear you wouldn’t un derstand, you, who've been there so many times, but the unmarried woman is equal to even this, and she gets the lion’s share of these confidences too. Being very mortal, there come times to her when she wonders why God gave her such splendid abilities and permitted cir cumstances to curtail the possibility of their development; why he gave her a soul with such infinite capacity for lov ing and enjoying and withheld from her the beautiful things of life and the real ization of her ideal. When she consecrates her life to her kith and kin, she almost invariably car ries with her the possibilities of physi cian, nurse, cook, housemaid and, when an emergency arises, general command ing the whole situation. She’s “a rock in axweary land” when a small, pink, col icky edition of humanity arrives on the scene. She halves the sorrows and bur dens and failures and doubles the joys and successes with which she is called upon to sympathize. She it is who .grace fully crowns with tulle and orange blos soms the girl who walks down f’ie flow er bedecked aisle to stately wedding mu sic. to return a wife. Her fingers press down the lids over eyes she had loved and bid the departing spirit godspeed on its last journey, and with quivering heart and throbbing brain under a calm exterior she goes about soothing grief less hitter than her own, because it finds relief in expression. When she dies, there is sorrow incon solable in many rudderless homes over the first less she has ever failed to light en, and for the longest time they wonder how they can find existence possible without her. They never before realized her actual worth: she had been a part of their daily necessities always. They speak of her with hushed voices and sor rowfully as though she had gone away on a long, wearisome journey, when she has only fallen asleep after a brave strug gle to find her first real rest. Yet some people actually declare that the womau who doesn’t marry fails to fulfill her whole duty to the race.—Ad dele K. Shaw in Housekeeper. HI»ts For IIo use wive*. Among what is usually formed “butch er’s meat” beef takes the first place, ow ing to the fact that it contains more nour ishment and less fat than mutton. Beef loses, on an average, about one pound in four when it is boiled, rather more than a pound when baked and one pound five ouuces when roasted. Mutton is more easily digested than beef, and for this reason it is preferable to beef for invalids and children. It is richer in nutritive value when obtained Trom sheep which are from 3 to 5 years old. Lamb is very deficient in nutriment as compared wilh beef or mutton. Fish is valuable as food because it i9 so easily assimilated. But it would be nec essary to take double as much fish as meat to get an equivalent amount of nourishment. The fish which yield the most nourishment are salmon, soles and herrings, but white fish, with the excep tion of cod. is more digestible. Fish which is not fresh is almost useless as food, for it is deficient in nutritive value. It is therefore important to see it before purchasing it if Possible. Tbe eyes should be bright and the gills red, and the flesh should be su'^ciently firm to rise imme diately on being pressed, and if fresh a “fishy” but uot unpleasant odor is notice able. A New Abruzzi Expedition. Captain Cabni, who had a leading com mand in the recent expedition of the Duke of the Abruzzi, states that another expedition to the North Pole is in pre paration, and will start next spring. The Duke is seeking to obtain a new vessel thoroughly adapted to the fresh nature, and is trying to induce Captain Nansen to accompany him. It Is believed that the latter, in accordance with the announce ment already made, will accompany the Duke.' „ ' v v, NEW AUTHOR Harold MncGrntli Achieve* Success With HU First Book. It is not often that a young writer makes a hit with his first book. The as pirant to literary fame usually gains the heights, when he iloes so at all, over a pathway strewn with his earlier fail ures. The achievement of Harold Mac Gratb, who has won recognition and suc cess with his lirst tiook, is therefore all the more remarkable. Mr. MaeOrat^jp book, “Arms aud the Woman,’.’ has re ceived the most favorable notices from reviewers and bids fair to become very widely read. In his story Mr. MacGrath takes the path first trodden in recent years by An Photo by Ryder, Syracuse. HAROLD MACGRATH. thony Hope and invents an imaginary kingdom, of course in Europe. As Mr. MacGrath i£ a newspaper man himself he- naturally makes his hero one, and the -heroine of his story is the princess of the kingdom. With these two as principal characters, he has written a most inter esting tale of love and adventure. Mr. MacGrath is quite a young man to have achieved success as an author of a widely read romance. He is a resident of Syracuse and has been engaged in news paper work there for several years. He has gained recognition as a humorist and has also written verse that has attracted some attention. “Arms and the Woman” is his first serious work of any length. Before its publication in book form it ran as a serial in a New York evening paper and interested a very wide circle of read ers. A second story from his pen is now running as a serial in New York. It is on somewhat the same order as “Arms and the Woman” and is entitled “The Puppet Crown.” Lot# Made In Germany. Elopements are never heard of in Ger many, and yet there is no such thing as getting married there without the consent of the parents. Certain prescribed forms must be gone through, or the marriage is null and void. When a girl has arrived at what is considered a marriageable age, her parents make a point of inviting young men to the house, and usually two or three are invited at the same time, so that the attention may not seem too pointed. No young man, however, is ever invit ed to the house until after he has called at least once and thus signified his wish to have social intercourse with the fami ly. If he takes to calling on several oc casions in rather close succession it is taken for granted that he has “inten tions,” and he may be questioned con cerning them. In Germany the man must be at least 18 years old before he can make a pro posal, but when it is made and accepted the proposal is speedily followed by the betrothal. This generally takes place privately, shortly after which the father of the bride, as she is then called, gives a dinner or supper to the most intimate friends on both sides, when the fact is declared and, naturally, afterward be comes a clatter of public knowledge. When Dnyingr Shoes. Do not trust to the appearance of your shoe after it has been fitted and fastened up. Try it before you buy it, not merely stepping upon it, but walking in it long enough to learn if it brings comfort to every part of your foot. The foot is smaller when you are sitting down, and a shoe that will seem the acme of com fort becomes an instrument of torture when your muscles expand from the weight of the body and the blood flows down to the feet, as it does in walking. I heard a woman complaining of her feet the other day and pitied her until she said that she was wearing a No. 5 shoe when a 6 fitted her better. “Why do you go through such senseless misery?” I asked. “Because I will not wear such a large shoe, even if I have to remove a smaller one every ten minutes until it is broken in.” The breaking in, by the way, means a stretching of the leather and cloth to accommodate the abused feet. That destroys the shape of the shoe, but allows the wearer the satisfac tion of admitting that she wears a No. 5 shoe. Funny, isn’t it?—Philadelphia Times. Questions of Pronnnclatlon. “Scholar” wants to know whether the name of Salome should rhyme with home, alleging that this has boon done in' re cent poetry. Not being a poet, I should generously give it another syllable, but Mr. Weller’s advice on proper names makes for peace—-to be ruled by the taste and fancy of the speller. For instance, I once knew a youth who wrote his name Leigh and ealiod it Lee-eye. All his ac quaintances followed suit. • A little girl in our street is christened Viola, after one of Shakespeare’s hero ines. Her father says Vy-ola, w:fh the emphasis on the first syllable, and her mother says Yee-obla, with the emphasis on the second syllable, and whichever way you pronounce it one of them is an gry at you. Nobody ever seems certain whether to say Ceecil or Sessil; some ac cent Janet in front and some behind; even comparatively simple names like Caroline, Emmeline and Madeline are given one time with the long sound of i and the nest with the short sound. There have been aggravated cases in which Pbasbe and Hebe were made monosyl lables.—Chicago Post. Costliest Tiilmble Uaae. The wife of the king of Siam has ft thimble of gold enriched with diamonds and precious stones. It is shaped like a partially opened lotus flower, each petal bearing tire interlaced initials of the sov ereign and his wife in amethysts, rnbies. emeralds or topazes. Around the rim of the thimble can he read the date of the marriage according to the Siamese and European calendars, each number and each fetter being of alternate diamonds and pearls. The thimble was designed by the queen herselr-and was made by a prominent Paris jeweler. It cost $05,000 in Ameri can money and was an anniversay gift; from the king to bift wife. CURZON’S SUCCESS. Diplomacy o< Imlla'j Viceroy and Ills American Wife. George Nathaniel, first Baron Ourzon of Kedlcston, Ireland, and viceroy of India, has probably by virtue of his vice roy-alt* more power than any other sub ject of Queen Victoria. Through fill the vast Indian empire, with its 300,000,000 people, he is the direct personal rep resentative of his sovereign, and the honors paid to him are equal to those accorded to royalty itself. He is a young man for so exalted a position, not quite 42 years of age, and that his head has not been turned speaks much for jiis From a recent photo. BAItON CURZCW. common sense. 'He has made a very effi cient viceroy of India and has imm'essed favorably both the European and me na tive populations. Lord Curzon is the son of Baron Scars dale and was born in Kedleston, Ire land. Like very many of the sons of English noblemen, he was sent to Eton, and thence he went to Oxford. Baliol college of that ancient seat of learning gave him his degree. He entered po litical life and in 1885 became secretary to Lord Salisbury. He was undersecre tary of state for India in 1S91-2 and undersecretary of foreign affairs from 1895 to 1898. Lord Curzon has always taken an active interest in Asiatic af fairs and has traveled extensively in the east. He has published the results of his geographical researches and studies in a number of erudite volumes and has received the gold medal of the Royal Geographical society, a much coveted distinction. Much of the American interest in Lord Curzon is due to the fact that Lady Curzon is an American. She is the daughter of Levi Z. Leiter, the well known Chicago merchant, and married the future viceroy in 1895. Her lady ship has been of the utmost assistance to her liege lord in the trying situations of Indian diplomacy. As the readers of Kipling are aware, the ways of Anglo Indian society are beset with difficulties, and Lady Curzon has displayed much tact and ability in dealing with them. The Indian Woman’* Problems. The Indian vroman is confronted with problems hard for her to solve. In the old time she was an outdoor worker; she cultivated the fields; she was iu the free, fresh air from morning until night. Now her work is within doors. If she toils in the fields, her husband or fathei is disgraced. She is taught to regard in door employment, to cook, to wash and iron, to sew, to scrub, as the sole avoca tion of woman. She longs for the free dom of the outside air, and her health and spirits suffer from confinement. There is now no possible reward for her work; there are now no tribal ceremonies at the time of her planting, when the priest invoked the blessing of the mys terious power upon the seed and the fields; no picturesque rites of prayer for the vivifying showers, and vA'n the corn stands green and its leaveri?istle in the breeze the woman cannot now look upon the fields as the fruit of her labor, blessed by the powers above, bringing food for her family. The picturesque has gone out of her life. The black cooking stove, the wash tub, the glinting needle, are her silent companions. It is not to be wondered at that she sometimes longs for the past; that she slips off, “returns to the blauket,” as we say, and, if there is a chancp, tries the flavor of old time pleasures. Then the operations of our laws per plex her. Formerly she owned all the home property, the lodge and all its be longings, and other property was hers to do with as she pleased. Today, if she be married, she finds herself under a domi nation that did not exist in the olden time and from which she cannot escape. She is irked by these strange limitations, which have come she knows not how, nor does she apprehend what they mean for her and for-«oeiety.—Alice C. Fletcher in Woman’s Journal. The Modern Woman. An observant writer has this to say with reference to the modern woman: “How young the well dressed women of 45 or 50 look—how free from care and responsibility! There is no single de tached word in our language large enough to express the complex impression made by these str'nying matrons of high fash ion. The immediate sense of wealth, of habitual self indulgence, of custom to command, the unmistakable expectation of being obsequiously waited upon, which brings a head waiter ns surely as a fa miliar whistle calls a dog—all this is in tensely amusing and to the woman devoid of footman and lady’s maid makes an in teresting study. Environment has cer tainly made^jjrand dames of these ladies without dourfPor controversy. “And the maidens, typical high class young women of the last of the century, what a strange development they are from the circumstances, the traditions and the opinions of their grandmothers! Straight, athletic and undisturbed by crowds of pushing, half discourteous men, how loudly they laugh, how distinctly and freely they talk of the season, of dress, of the coming wedding or the last broken engagement! How brown they are, especially their hands, brilliuut with dazzling rinfes. and how rough aud un kempt theis hair! What curious, fanci ful clothes they wear, and what wonder ful combs aud buckles! Aud if She chances to lunch next a trio of these very independent yotiftg girls uo elderly wom an will fail to be surprised at what they eat while they laugh and chaff each oth er like schoolboys and restlessly put up their bauds to press uncertain combs into their loose rolls of fluffy hair. They are fine specimens of physical health, with firm shoulders and quite astonishing, muscular arms, but they are not fasci nating. nor does the^yiew, alert, com manding manner charm.' HOARD OP UDRRnEN. (jitirial Proceedings.) Regular meeting of the Board of Al dermen at the Assembly Chamber, Cltv Hall, Tuesday, November 13, 1900. The roll was called at 8:55 o'clock P. M. men Barr, Cole, Cookson, Ditunar, Far rell, Flchtl, Green Lyons. Maxwell, Mc Bride, Muller, Stell and White. Absent—Aldermen Calnon, Elirhart, Howeth, Loth, Menge, Price, Ritter, Wall and Warrin. The minutes of the regular meeting of October 23, 1900, were approved as print ed in anmual form, on motion of Aider man McBride. PRESENTATION OF PETITIONS. ETC. Petitions, etc., were presented, received anil disposed of as follows:— Communication from B. F. Gllkinson, Esq., Secretary of the League of Ameri can Municipalities, Inviting the attendance of a delegation of one or more members at the annual convention of the League at Charles, S. C., December 13. 14 and 15, 1900, and asking that the municipality become a member of the league. Ordered died. Communication from Peter Guterl by his attorney, Robert Carey, remonstrating against the granting of a permit for the erection of a frame building at No. 245 Newark avenue, etc. Referred to Committee on Laws and Or dinances. Eight (S) applications for restaurant Hncenses; and Twelve (12) applications for transfer of licenses. (See reports subsequently made.) Referred to Committee on Excise. One (1) application for auctioneer’s license. One (1) application for pawnbroker's license. Three (3) applications for junk shop licenses. Four (4) applications for peddlers’ li censes. Three (3) applications for hand organ licensee. (See reports subsequently made.) Referred to Committee on Srade LI censes*. PRESENTATION OF CLAIMS. Claims were presented, received end dis posed of as follows:— Of Nicholas Ott, *53.25; R. M. Petrie. *150, and George W. Smith *125. Referred to Committee on Alms:— Of Hudson County Gas Co., *22.55, and People’s Light and Power Co., *23.63. Referred to Committee on Booths and Armories. Of John H. Masker, *27. Referred to Committee on District Courts. Of George R. Dupont, Edward Markle, Luker Bros., Isidore Guida, Henry Krauss, George Capelll, Catherine Quigiey, Ed ward Kenny, F. B. Decking. A. Pen nacchio, Joseph L. McEntee, Frank Funk. Frank Sherry, Michael J. Corrigan. Frank Martucci H. H. Kahlert, Max Chambers. Christopher Sturcke, R. J. Preisler, John Wilson, Mrs. P. Holland, Tony Gardella, Thomas 'F. Carey, F. W. Bemreuth, John Martin, Thomas Fallon, Henry C. Nico demus, Catherine Keegan, N. P. Byrne, Thomas C. Jewell. M. Green, Mrs. C. Dooley, John P. Fernane, Thomas Doran. Edward Marron, Edward J. Frank, Nicholas O'Orazio, Antonio Guarrlello, C. Morano, J. J. Waters, Richard Kraemer, Otto Dusky, E. O. Martin, John Canta bene, Charles Sander, Theodore Schutz bach and Caroline Loth, *22 each; John Rickerich, *96; Wm. Taylor, *56; A. J. Guiton, *63; John Mourns. *63; George Rickerich, *42: Peter McGuinness, *56; James Mannix. *49: James Hurley, *42; Thomas Fallon, *70; W. J. Drady, *49; Thomas Brown, *56; James Tracy. *40; Michael Scanlon, *45; W. J. Brasiel, *95; Thos. Dolan, *35; Patrick McKeever, *50; Joseph Doran. *35; Alex. Burke, *45; O’Brien & Keilt, *112.50; Charles A. Leh mann, *2i0; Egan Bros., *282.70; Edward Kenny, *35: Evening Journal, *495 and *10; Western Union Telegraph Co., *144; Christopher P. Smith, *52.50; E. A. Zee land, *420: J. C. eDmoerats, *437.55 and *295.20; Albert Datz. *36 and *30: Wr. J. Moran, *30; J. C. News. *495 and *10. J. H. Mullins, *176.15; C. J. Milton, *106; officers of registry and election, *9,000. Referred to Committee on Elections. Of George Berger, *21.18, and Edward Kelly. *20. Referred to Committee on Laws and Ordinances. Of Evening Journal Association, *14.10; Jersey City News, *12 and *10; Agnes Kenny. *14, and N. Y. and N. J. Telephone Co., *10.50. Referred to Committee on Printing, sta tionery and Supplies. OFFICERS’ COMMUNICATIONS. The City Clerk presented a proof of publication in the J. C. News of notices of applications for eight (8) restaurant licenses and tw'elve (121 transfers of from ’November 8 to 15, inclusive, and the same was ordered tiled. The report of the Inspector of Buildings for October, 1900. showing the number of permits issued for the erection or exten sion of buildings, etc., valued as follows, was presented, received and ordered filed:— First Ward . 12 *4,343 Second Ward . 7 2,111 Third Ward . 1 50 Fourth Ward . 2 335 Fifth Ward . 12 15,5V) Sixth Ward . 5 4.375 Seventh Ward . 19 34,451 Eighth Ward . 18 27,688 Ninth Ward . 10 12,240 Tenth Ward . 7 9.795 Eleventh Ward . 12 62.148 Twelfth Ward . 7 4,943 Total .112 $168,162 The Inspector of Buildings reported ap plications from the following named per sons for permission to erect frame build ings the the following named places, and the same were referred to the Committee on Laws and Ordinances:— Grace & iHyde Co., 242 and 248 Fifteenth etreet. Thomas Carey, 214 and 216 Fourteenth street. Mary J. Tuite. 394 Third street. Felice Raimondo, 343 Newark avenue. John Damato, 376 Seventh street (two buildings). John. Damato. 374 Seventh street. Henry Kohl. 247 Newark avenue. Alderman Stell obtained leave and re tired. On motion of Alderman Cookson the Board took a recess of 15 minutes. On re assembling the Board proceeded with REPORTS OF STANDING COMMIT TEES. The Committee on Excise reported the following resolution on petitions hereto fore referred:— Resolved, That licenses be granted to the following named to keep restaurants where spirituous, vinous, malt and brewed liquors may be sold at the following named places in Jersey City:— Frank Chokski, 135 Steuben street, First ward. Samuel Friedmann, 165 Ninth street, Second ward. William Schaeffer. 140 Newark avenue, Third Ward. Edward E. Lowery, 110(6 Cole street, Fifth Ward. Siegfried Berwin, 271 Railroad avenue. Fifth Ward. Michael Pints, 16 Centre street, Fifth Ward. John McArdle, 58S Ocean avenue, Sev enth Ward. Otto H. Sprintler, 557 Palisade avenue, Eleventh Ward. Louis Schiff, 391 Grove street. Third Ward. Resolved, That the following described restaurant licenses be transferred:— No. 32, Henry W. Wolf to Donovan & Driscoll. 211. William Cunningham to Richard Duneker. 27S. Mary Colona to 423 Second street. Fifth Ward. 290. Fred Schaefer to William Hoemeken. 300, James Lancton to Stephen J. Bris key. at 326 Johnston avenue. Sixth Ward. 555. Gennino De Luisio to Michael Col osurdo. 562, Ford & Binga to David Washing ton. 592, William McGrath to Samuel Blatt. 679. John Hanley to A. H. San^riand. No. 730, L. Gleickman to Henry Harder. No. 879 Ellen O'Grady to W. H. Far rington. at 609 Communipaw avenue, Eighth Ward. No. 906 Branen Bischoff to Frank Zink. The reports were recived. The resolutions were adopted by the fol lowing vote, the yeas and nays having been ordered and taken :— Yeas—All the members present, thirteen (13) in number. The Committee on Finance reported the following resolution:— Resolved. That warrants bed rawn on the City Treasurer in favor of the fol lowing named persons in payment of salaries for November, 1900, when "due, viz:— M. J. O’Donnell, City Clerk. $416.66 E. A. Vreeland. City Marshal. 125.00 J. B. Hewitt. Overseer of the Poor.. 133.00 E. J. Hunter, Assistant to Overseer of the Poor. 83.00 Edward Kelly, Inspector of Build ings ..•*. 129.00 H. E. Roder, Inspector of Scales, etc. .... 83 33 Otto Crouse, Judge, First District Court . 250.00 J. N. Braden, Clerk, First District Court . 125.00 C. W. Parker, Judge, Second Dis trict Court. 250.00 J. J. Erwin, Clerk, Second District Court . 125.00 George Berger, Clerk to Building Inspector . 100.00 George Murray, Driver of Ambu- . lance . 70.00 The report was received. The resolution was adopted by the fol lowing vote, the yeas and nays havkeg been ordered and taken:— Yeas—All the members present, thirteen (13) in number. The Committee on Trade License* re ported the following resolution on peti tions heretofore referred:— Resolved, That licenses to peddle goods, wares, merchandise in Jersey City be is sued by the Mayor and City Clerk, under the corporate seal of the city, to H. Grieme, Ann Hogan, M. Wartowskl and 'Nicola Calabrase. Resolved, That licenses to keep junk shops at the following named places in Jersey City be issued by the Mayor and City Clerk, under the corporate seal of the city, to the following named peiwons: H. P. Malone, 203 Van Vorst street. First Ward. Peter D'Alesio, 339 Newark avenue. Fifth Ward. Rosario Damato, 384 Seventh street. Fifth Ward. Resolved, That a license as an auc tioneer be issued by the Mayor and City Clerk, under the corporate seal of the city, to Henry T. Nugent. Resolved, That the following described trade licenses be transferred:— No. 7 (pawnbroker), Harry Levy, from 678 Newark avenue to 611 Summit avenue. Resolved. That a license as a pawnbro ker, located as 51 Montgomery street, in the First Ward of Jersey City, be issued by the Mayor and City Clerk, under the corporate seal of the city, to Emmanuel Brown, on his giving the bond required by law. Resolved, That licenses to play upon handorgans or pianos, from house fo house, be issued by the Mayor and City Clerk, under the corporate seal of th* city, to Guiseppe Pagburghi, F. Gandolfl and Pietro Piggioli. Resolved, That a license as an auc tioneer be refused to James L. Hand. Resolved, That a warrant be drawn on the City Treasurer, in favor of James L. Hand, for the sum of $37.50, being for return of auctioneer’s license fee deposit ed with the City Clerk, October 23, I960. The reports were received and the reso lutions adopted. AUDITING OF CLAIMS BY RESOLU TION. The following resolutions were reported by committees in payment of claims here tofore referred to said committees:— By Committee on Alms:— Resolved, That the following claims bo paid:— $26.19 to P. J. CJllheany for meat for out door poor to October 23, 1900. $39.50 to M. Kelly for groceries for "out door poor to October 23, 1900. $81.75 to James McLaughlin for groceries for outdoor poor to October 22, 1900. $1.86 to N. Y. and N. J. Telephone Co., for telephone service at office of Poor master, June, July and August, 1900. $35.75 to Edward Perlberg for shoes for outdoor poor to October 23, 1900. $5.75 to R. H. Weaver for taking down, etc., of awnings at office of Overseer o# the Poor, 1900. $10.66 to Wood & Menagh for paints, oils, etc., at office of Overseer of the Poor, October, 1900. By Committee on Baths and Armories: Resolved, That the sum of $19.03 be paid to Hudson County Gas Company for gas) at Armory, September, 1900. By Committee on District Courts:— Resolved, That the sum of $27 be paid to John H. Masker for services as Con-* stable, First District Court, October, 1900. By Committee on Elections:— Resolved, That the following claims bw. paid :— $90 to Edward Kenny for storage of election furniture, August, September and October, 1900. $9,600 to officers of registry and elec tion, October and November, 1900. By Committee on Laws and Ordinane*; Resolved, That the following claims bai paid:— $20 to Edward Kelly for Incidental, ex penses as Inspector of Buildings, Septem ber, 1900. $17.50 to Union Rubber Tire Works for one pair of rubber tires for wagon of Inspector of Scales, etc., October, 1900. By Committee on Printing, Stationery and Supplies:— Resolved, That the following claims be paid:— $17.10 to Jersey City News for publish ing ordinance In relation to construction of fences, October, 1900. $8.50 to Jersey City News for advertis ing liquor license applications, October 4 to 9. 1900. $5.50 to Jersey City News for advertis ing liquor license applications, October, $14 to Agnes Kenny for typewriting tor City Clerk's office, October, 1900. The resolutions were adopted by the fol lowing vote, the yeas and nays having been ordered and taken:— Yeas—All the members present, thirteen (13) in number. MISCELLANEOUS BUSINESS. Resolutions were presented, received and disposed of as follows:— By Alderman Muller:— Resolved, That consent Is hereby given to the Bay View Cemetery Association to enlarge Its cemetery, located on Garfield and Cator avenues, in this city, so as to embrace within said cemetery limits that strip of land bounded on the northwest by Ocean avenue; on the southeast by lands of said Cemetery Association; on the northeast by the southerly line ,£>f lands of William A. Gahagan, and on the southwest by the northeasterly lino of lands of Martin Bente. The resolution was adopted by the fol lowing vote, the yeas and nays having been ordered and taken, on the call or the President:— Yeas—All the members present, thirteen (13) in number. By Alderman Maxwell:— Whereas, The act of April 4. 1898, reg ulating elections Imposes additional du ties upon the City Clerk, and by Section 171 thereof this Board is authorized to allow therefor, and said services having been duly performed by said City Clerk; therefore be it Resolved, That this Board deems ths sum of five hundred dollars ($500) a fate compensation for said duties, and do hereby order that the said sum be paid to M. J. O'Donnell. City Clerk, for his services at the recent registry and elec tion of October and November. 1900. Resolved. That warrants be drawn on the Citv Treasurer in favor of Thomas K. Halstead, N. E. Feury. T. J. Cum mings, Wm. H. Browning, James H, Clark and A. B. Lembeck for fifty dol lars ($50) each for extra services at re cent registry and election, October and November. 1900. The resolutions were severally adopted by the following vote, the yeas and nays having been ordered and taken:— Yeas—All the members present, except ing Alderman Fichtl, who was excused from voting, twelve (12) in number. On motion of Alderman Muller, the fol lowing entitled ordinance was taken from the table for consideration, viz.:— “An ordinance to amend an ordinance entitled 'An ordinance to regulate ths construction of fences within certain lim its known as "Fire Limits.” ’ ” The ordinance was read, considered and then passed by the following vote, ths yeas and nays having been ordered and taken:— Yeas—Aldermen Barr, Cole, Cookson, Dittmar, Farrell, Fichtl. Green, Lyons, Maxwell, McBride, Muller, White and President Mldllge. Nays—None, The President then declared the Boards adjourned. MICHAEL J. O'DONNELL, City Clerk. NOTICE OF SETTLEMENT—NOTICE! Is hereby given that the Anal account of the subscriber, administrator of th* estate of Elizabeth Mallen, deceased, will be audited and stated by the Surrogate’ of the County of Hudson, and reported for settlement on Friday, the 16th day of' November next. Dated October 5. A. D. 1900. DENNIS F. MALLEN. NOTICE OF SETTLEMENT—NOTICE! is hereby given that the account of the subscriber, administrator pendente lite of the estate of James B. Graham, deceased,; will be audited and stated by the Sur— rogate of the County of Hudson, and re ported for settlement on Friday, the 16th day of November next. Dated October 11, A. D. 1900. NOTICE OF SETTLEMENT—NOTICE, 13 hereby given that account of the sub scriber. as administratrix of the estate of John Kelly, deceased, who during his life time was the guardian of Marcella Elliott. Alice F. Elliott and Katie A, Elliott. mlnore>, will be audited and stated by tha Surrogate of the County of Hudson, and reported for settlement on Friday, the 33d day of November next. Dated October 18th, A. D. 1900. JENNIE KELLT.