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The Jersey City news. (Jersey City [N.J.]) 1889-1906, November 24, 1900, LAST EDITION, Image 7

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THE PHiUfPINEWAR
TALK ABOUT REORGANIZATION OF
THE ARMY.
Chnn-ros Snsgcsteil In the Plan of
CsmpuiRn — Officer* Who May He
Hee—Available Material For licit
Ccmunuden.
In vie a- or the forthcoming reorganiza
tion of the United States army it is quite
probable that the near future will see
some changes iu the tiaff of officers now
commanding in the Philippine Islands.
It is. of course, impossible to obtain uny
official information on the subject, bat
it is said that the administration is dis
satisfied with the conduct of the cam
paign and has decided to make radical
changes.
The rumors have it that the officers to
return to the United States in the near
future include three ranking officers, Ma
jor General Mac Arthur. Major General
John C. Bates and Brigadier General
Frederick I). Grunt. These officers have
been iu the Philippine Islands since the
beginning of the rebellion, and it is said
that at least one of them has asked to
be relieved. It seems to be the general
impression in army circles that General
Grant, at any rate, will scon return to
this country and that General Bates will
accompany him. Major General MacAr
thur, who has general direction of all
military matters in the islands, may also
be recalled, though this is more uncertain.
It is generally thought that the succes
sor of General MaeArthur will be Gen
Kioto by Parh Bros.,’Jew York.
GENERAL ADKA R. CHAFFEE.
eral Adna H. Chaffee, for he is the logical
candidate for the position. With General
John C. Bates relieved he will be the
ranking officer in the Philippines. Gen
eral Chaffee has done long and hard serv
ice for the United States. He is a vet
eran of the civil war, during which strug
gle he won two brevets for ‘‘gallant and
meritorious services.” He has also won
two brevets for service in Indian wars.
He holds at present the rank of colonel
in the regular army, commanding the
Kigfcth cavalry. He is a brigadier gener
r.l in the volunteer establishment and is
in command of the United States troops
i;i China. It is predicted by persons well
acquainted with army matters that Chef
fee will reach the rank of commanding
general of the army before retiring.
Another of our generals who is looked
upon as likely to be sent to the Philip
pines is Brigadier General William Lud
low. now in command of the department
of Havana. General Ludlow holds the
rank of lieutenant colonel in the engineer
p*
I'ron: a recent pJaetn. *
.GENERAL WILLIAM LUDLOW.
corps ami has gained a Tory high reputa
tion as a sanitary engineer. His services
as an administrator and engineer would
bo of the very highest vain? in Manila
and other Philippine cities after peace is
established. General Ludlow has had
charge of the work of improving the sani
tary conditions of Havana and has ac
complished much good. He is a veteran
of the civil war, in which he gained three
brevets for gallant services.
Water in .*n. .. iu.,,.-. have been
boiled should never ne poured down e
sink, for it causes a very lingering «:n
vllsagreeable ml or to permeate the wind
bouse. Such liquids are best thrown o:
epon the earth, where the smell w
evaporate without being unpleasant
"Yen'd ndttfr eat It slow,” said jor.n
py to the clergyman, who was dining
w'^’.) the family. "Mamma never gives
iv.ore’a one piec* of pie.”—Chicago Trib
une. ; >'./
BACK TO ENGLANu.
Princess Arfliert and He* ['nfmcoois.
f«l Ventnrc In Matrimony.
Like most of the younger princesses of
Europe, Princess Aribeit of Anhalt is ti
granddaughter of Queen Victoria. Her
mother, Princess Helena Augusta Vie*
rotta of Great Britain and since her
marriage Princess Christian of Sleswick
r
Photo by Bassans, London.
PRINCESS AKIEERT.
Holstein, is tlie second daughter of
the English sovereign. Princess Chris
tian's second daughter, Louise, married
in 1891 Prince Arihert of Anhalt, one of
the small German principalities.
Prince Aribert and his wife have just
jeen judicially separated, although it is
understood that no divorce will be sought
by either. Their marriage was celebrat
ed in England and was one of the most
brilliant ceremonies ever performed there.
It was attended by two sovereigns. Queen
Victoria and her grandson. Emperor Wil
liam of Germany. Emperor William is
a first cousin of the young princess and
has taken a deep interest in her welfare.
Princess Aribert’s interests all bind
her to England, and she win make her
home there in the future. Her older
brother. Prince Christian Victor of
Sleswick-Holstein, lost his life recently
in South Africa while serving in the
army of his grandmother. Although
Queen Victoria is said to be unalterably
opposed to receiving matrimonial fail
ures, she will undoubtedly make an ex
ception in favor of her granddaughter,
who is said to be one of her favorites.
Princess Aribert spent some time this
year in traveling in the United States
end Canada.
Tire XVomiin Hoarder,
Single women, whether widows or maids,
frequently experience great difficulty in
finding good boarding places owing to
the prejudice of the majority of land
ladies against those of their class. As
a rule, accommodations of a desirable
character are reserved for gentlemen on
ly. The Chicago Chronicle tells about
one young woman in a neighboring city
who undertook to get at the root of this
prejudice the other day and started out
on an exploring expedition. And this is
the reception she had. as related by her
self:
"The advertisements were the first
shocks to m.v nervous system. With one
accord all those who had apartments to
let announced that they took gentlemen
only.
“This qualification was so general that
finally one day 1 ventured to invade a j
house so posted and ask to see the rooms, i
The woman of the house regarded me
scornfully.
“ 'We don’t take ladies here,’ she said.
“ ‘Why not?’ 1 asked argumentatively.
‘I’m a very busy person. I work during
the day, and I disturb no one. I can give
you unexceptionable references. 1 oon’t
whistle in my room or throw my clothes
in the corners or smoke, nor am I likely
to come in intoxicated at all hours. I
really can’t see why I shouldn’t be as de
sirable as a lodger as a man.’
"All this I said to induce her to divulge
the reason for this prejudice against wo
men.
“‘We don’t take ladies.’ she responded
doggedly. ‘They quarrel about the sheets
and pillowcases nnd find fault with the
towels and the way the room is swept.
There’s a boarding house next door. Per
haps they'll take you there.’
“Shades of my grandmother! Perhaps
they would take mo! As though 1 were
an outcast, whose faults might be forgiv
en if I promised to be gooff*.
“But they wouldn't take me next door
after all. though 1 added a few other vir
tues to the list 1 had reeled off before and
showed letters from my former hostess.
“ ‘There’s the third fioor front you
could hifve if you were only a man.’ said
this landlady, reflectively. ‘We don’t care
to take ladies; they make trouble in the
house. We don't seem to be able to make
them comfortable, and one urges the oth
er on to complain.’
“The next morning when I started out
to renew my search I was fortified with
certificates of baptism and confirmation
and a letter from the rector of the church
1 attended. These finally admitted me to
the domicile of a weary looking person,
who acknowledged desperately that she
took her own sex to board. Then, such is
the contrariness of human nature, I in
stantly took a loathing to the place and
decided it must he very second rate in
deed. I took rooms there, however.
“Now the question arises, Are women
so intensely disagreeable in other peo
ple's houses as all this, and, if so, why?
If the dust lies undisturbed for weeks in
the corners of a room, the feminine lodger
will naturally call attention to it. But
need she do so in an imperious manner?
“At all events, I’m sorry I'm a woman,
since I must board, for it seems that the
most objectionable of the lords of crea
tion is preferred before any woman, how
ever amiable Bhe may be, in lodging
houses.”
The Housekeeper’s Responsibility.
Unless a housekeeper is employed
there are many duties the supervision o£
which must tall upon the housewife.
The regular eare of the refrigerator and
the scalding of the hoses for cake, bread,
etc., are among these. Once a week is
often enough to wash the refrigerator if
ordinary care is given to the articles
stored in it. Excepting in iceboxes hav
ing entirely separated and ijnarantined
divisions, no fish, cheese, cabbage or on
ions should bo kept in the general re
frigerator. Their iiavpr will not only in
fect the other foods and give an odor to
the box, but will spoil the milk, butter
and gelatin preparations. In cleansing
the refrigerator the shelves should be
removed to the large dishpaa and wash
ed in hot soapsuds, in which a pinch of
soda has been dissolved. Then they
should be thoroughly , rinsed in cold wa
ter and wiped dry. Everything should
be removed from the icebox, und the
sides should receive the same attention.
It should he left open until perfectly dry
and cool before replacing the ice and
foods in it.
GENtlio i-u\; ORGANIZATION.
Soecesnfiit v.’oj'.r cf President Cassatt
of the Pemiffyh ualu ilailroad.
Alexander Johnson Cassatt, -who has
been at the ■ head of the Pennsylvania
railroad for something over a year, has
done very much to bring about and
strengthen the friendly relations be
tween tho great railroad systems of the
east. Mr. Cassatt is a man of long ex
perience in the railroad business. Most
of his work has been with the Pennsyl
vania. with which he has been connect
ed for almost 40 years. He began as a
rodiuan on the Philadelphia division in
1SC1.
Mr. Cassatt can scarcely bo described
as a self made man, for his father, Hob
From a recent photo.
ALEXANDER J. CASSATT,
ert S. Cassatt, was a prominent banker
and gave ilia son the best educational ad
vantages that money could buy. Mr.
Cassatt v.-as born in Pittsburg in 1S39.
He went through the common schools of
Pittsburg aud then went to Europe with
'his father, who established a residence
there. Young Cassatt studied in France
and took a course in the University of
Heidelberg. He has, of course, an inti
mate knowledge of modern languages.
Mr. Cassatt returned to this country aud
took a full course at the celebrated
Rensselaer Polytechic institute at Troy,
N. Y., from which he was graduated in
1Sf>9 as a civil engineer.
The young eugineer adopted the rail
road business as a profession, aud his
first work in that line was in connection
with a Georgia railroad. At the out
break of the civil war he returned to the
north and went to work for the Penn
sylvania railroad. From the very start
iie developed ability of a very high order
;nd won steady advancement. He has
held very many posts on the road, in all
of which his unusual ability made him
very influential. Iii 1882 lie resigned as
vice president of the road and severed his
connection with it for a few years. Last
vear Mr. Cassatt succeeded the late
Frank Thomson as president of the
Pennsylvania system.
Among olicr honors paid to him Mr.
Cassatt was in 1S90 appointed by Pres
ident Harrison a member of the interna
tional American conference, and in 1892
Ue was a member of the board of visitors
of the West Point Military academy.
Mr. Cassatt is married to a niece of
President James Buchanan. His chief
recreation is the breeding and raising of
fine horses, to which he is much at
tached.
Packing: Tranks.
Anybody can pack a trunk in a way,
but to pack one properly is another
thing. Care should be taken to fill in
solidly as one packs. Never go back
and till spaces after most of the things
are in. Always pack large articles first.
Skirts should be folded from the hem,
folding them twice, then turning them
back one fold, so that the skirt at the
hem will be shaped like a W crushed
together. This keeps them even and
smooth at the bottom and leaves all the
wrinkles to come at the top, where they
show the least.
Wraps should be folded like men’s
coats. Waists and erushable dresses
should be packed in trays. All puffs aud
sleeves should be slightly stuffed with
something to keep them in shape; veils,
luces, handkerchiefs and such articles
may be used'for this purpose. There is
no danger of getting a trunk too"* lull if
rightly packed; the fuller the better; then
everything keeps its place.
Hats and bonnets are the most difficult
to manage. The bows should be filled
with tissue paper or other soft material;
then, after removing flowers and feathers,
pack clothing closely and carefully
around, and they will not be harmed.
The feathers and flowers should bo placed
in a box with enough tissue paper to
hold each in place. Wheu all is iu, lay a
piece of paper cambric or other starched
goods over ail to keep out the dust that
♦s sure to find its way through the trunk
top during a long journey.
If Hen Were Women.
“If I were a woman," said a man
worth quoting to a southern correspond
ent, “I would think nothing better worth
my while than lirst to have a good and
liberal education. I do not mean by that
I would be satisfied with nothing less
than a college training, though that is
good in its way. and I would know hi';
tory and geography and literature, with
enough aritheuietie to attend to my own
accounts and business affairs should oc
casion require. If I were a woman, I
should consider myself very incompetent
to take up the lines of household man
agement without a good working knowl
edge of cooking and cleaning and sewing.
If I were a woman, I would learn to do
every bit of work that is generally con
ceded to lie within woman’s domain.”
“If I were a woman,” says another
man, both writers giving their views to
the Detroit Free Press, “I would inform
myself upon the topics of the times and
current events. I would know something
about the latest books, the latest plays, a
little about music and a little about art,
even 1f I could not know much about any
of these things. Then when my husband
or my children or my friends wpre ready
for a half hour’s chat I could bw counted
on to be companionable. 1 would never
discuss the servant question, and I would
never tell about the little hitches in the
domestic machinery.”
This man’s ideal woman stands out
very clearly. She is the companionable
woman. __
A Girl Should Love Her Work.
“The question of money I often wish
did not loom so large, for I hold jt as a
vital principle that the best work is
never done merely for money’s sake, and
that the best workers are never merce
nary," writes Margaret E. Sangster iri
The Ladies’ Home Journal. "That money
AnBWAMtb all +laiu<#« U •- —
FULFILLING A DU1T.
THE ReAL LIFE WORK OF THE WOMAN
WHO NEVER MARRIES.
She Is Generally Owned by a Syndi
cate — Smooths Oat the Rough
Places — Helper ciul Comforter at
Cradle, Altar and Grave.
Any woman can marry some sort of a
fellow. 'Tis the sheerest folly to ques
tion that. It is an iulinitely bigger
achievement to remain unmarried—as
many sensible women do—from a keen
sense of duty to others, loyalty to a high
ideal or for a wider sphere of action,
which is fortunate for the rest of humani
ty, for the world would swing along very
lamely without the unmarried woman.
She is generally owned by a syndicate
composed of the various members of her
family, and she is passed back and forth
among them—a sort of jointly possessed
treasure—to be loaned wherever it hap
pens to be most required, frequently
serving as the uniting link between the
dissenting factions thereof. She feeis
all the interest of an owner in the world
ly possessions of the lucky syndicate
which knows her ministering, and yet in
all this great universe she owns absolute
ly nothing. For juore than one reason
she is a tremendous Sou roe of comfort
when things go wrong, the sort of things
that cause a man to blaspheme under his
breath and cast about in his mind for
somebody to lay the blame on. She
makes a fairly gi>od scapegoat after
years have tamed her spirit and taught
her the - wisdom of silence. While she
has youth and attractiveness she finds it
very true that marriage is possible for
any woman. She may discuss by the
hour; she may write about it at a cer
tain rate per column; she may dream of
the bliss of possessing a home and a real
sure enough man nil to herself; of the
satisfaction of indulging her own tastes
and following her own inclinations; of
the sweetness of an unselfish love and the
soothing of a man's sympathy when
heartaches and other aches wax strong;
of the pieasant sense of protection that
comes with a man’s arm always between
her and the world.
one may even have an occasional idea
of trying the experiment with some par
ticular one of her numerous admirers,
but when she looks around and sees the
many empty places that nobody else can
fill and remembers the many people who
need her she hasn’t quite the nerve to
desert her post. She believes that au
other woman will console each man in
whose life she has created an aching
void and that no one can fill the other
gaps. She is convinced that it would be
selfish just then for her to think of mar
riage for herself.
As she grows older and these tempta
tions come less often she fills the senti
ment craving side of her nature with
other people’s love affairs. Many a matri
monial aspirant goes to her for a bracer
when his soul is sick with uncertainty
and goes away with a certain buoyancy
and sense of peace.
It probably requires much grace and
tact to know just how to behave when
people you’ve tended through sundry in
fantile ills and r inked and bossed gen
erally begin to wear grown up airs and
be patronizing. It’s even worse when
they loftily take you into their confidence
about some budding romance, going into
all the details for fear you wouldn’t un
derstand, you, who've been there so
many times, but the unmarried woman is
equal to even this, and she gets the lion’s
share of these confidences too. Being
very mortal, there come times to her
when she wonders why God gave her
such splendid abilities and permitted cir
cumstances to curtail the possibility of
their development; why he gave her a
soul with such infinite capacity for lov
ing and enjoying and withheld from her
the beautiful things of life and the real
ization of her ideal.
When she consecrates her life to her
kith and kin, she almost invariably car
ries with her the possibilities of physi
cian, nurse, cook, housemaid and, when
an emergency arises, general command
ing the whole situation. She’s “a rock in
axweary land” when a small, pink, col
icky edition of humanity arrives on the
scene. She halves the sorrows and bur
dens and failures and doubles the joys
and successes with which she is called
upon to sympathize. She it is who .grace
fully crowns with tulle and orange blos
soms the girl who walks down f’ie flow
er bedecked aisle to stately wedding mu
sic. to return a wife. Her fingers press
down the lids over eyes she had loved
and bid the departing spirit godspeed
on its last journey, and with quivering
heart and throbbing brain under a calm
exterior she goes about soothing grief
less hitter than her own, because it finds
relief in expression.
When she dies, there is sorrow incon
solable in many rudderless homes over
the first less she has ever failed to light
en, and for the longest time they wonder
how they can find existence possible
without her. They never before realized
her actual worth: she had been a part of
their daily necessities always. They
speak of her with hushed voices and sor
rowfully as though she had gone away
on a long, wearisome journey, when she
has only fallen asleep after a brave strug
gle to find her first real rest.
Yet some people actually declare that
the womau who doesn’t marry fails to
fulfill her whole duty to the race.—Ad
dele K. Shaw in Housekeeper.
HI»ts For IIo use wive*.
Among what is usually formed “butch
er’s meat” beef takes the first place, ow
ing to the fact that it contains more nour
ishment and less fat than mutton. Beef
loses, on an average, about one pound in
four when it is boiled, rather more than
a pound when baked and one pound five
ouuces when roasted.
Mutton is more easily digested than
beef, and for this reason it is preferable
to beef for invalids and children. It is
richer in nutritive value when obtained
Trom sheep which are from 3 to 5 years
old. Lamb is very deficient in nutriment
as compared wilh beef or mutton.
Fish is valuable as food because it i9 so
easily assimilated. But it would be nec
essary to take double as much fish as
meat to get an equivalent amount of
nourishment. The fish which yield the
most nourishment are salmon, soles and
herrings, but white fish, with the excep
tion of cod. is more digestible. Fish
which is not fresh is almost useless as
food, for it is deficient in nutritive value.
It is therefore important to see it before
purchasing it if Possible. Tbe eyes should
be bright and the gills red, and the flesh
should be su'^ciently firm to rise imme
diately on being pressed, and if fresh a
“fishy” but uot unpleasant odor is notice
able.
A New Abruzzi Expedition.
Captain Cabni, who had a leading com
mand in the recent expedition of the
Duke of the Abruzzi, states that another
expedition to the North Pole is in pre
paration, and will start next spring. The
Duke is seeking to obtain a new vessel
thoroughly adapted to the fresh nature,
and is trying to induce Captain Nansen to
accompany him. It Is believed that the
latter, in accordance with the announce
ment already made, will accompany the
Duke.' „ ' v v,
NEW AUTHOR
Harold MncGrntli Achieve* Success
With HU First Book.
It is not often that a young writer
makes a hit with his first book. The as
pirant to literary fame usually gains the
heights, when he iloes so at all, over a
pathway strewn with his earlier fail
ures. The achievement of Harold Mac
Gratb, who has won recognition and suc
cess with his lirst tiook, is therefore all
the more remarkable. Mr. MaeOrat^jp
book, “Arms aud the Woman,’.’ has re
ceived the most favorable notices from
reviewers and bids fair to become very
widely read.
In his story Mr. MacGrath takes the
path first trodden in recent years by An
Photo by Ryder, Syracuse.
HAROLD MACGRATH.
thony Hope and invents an imaginary
kingdom, of course in Europe. As Mr.
MacGrath i£ a newspaper man himself
he- naturally makes his hero one, and
the -heroine of his story is the princess of
the kingdom. With these two as principal
characters, he has written a most inter
esting tale of love and adventure.
Mr. MacGrath is quite a young man to
have achieved success as an author of a
widely read romance. He is a resident of
Syracuse and has been engaged in news
paper work there for several years. He
has gained recognition as a humorist and
has also written verse that has attracted
some attention. “Arms and the Woman”
is his first serious work of any length.
Before its publication in book form it ran
as a serial in a New York evening paper
and interested a very wide circle of read
ers. A second story from his pen is now
running as a serial in New York. It is
on somewhat the same order as “Arms
and the Woman” and is entitled “The
Puppet Crown.”
Lot# Made In Germany.
Elopements are never heard of in Ger
many, and yet there is no such thing as
getting married there without the consent
of the parents. Certain prescribed forms
must be gone through, or the marriage is
null and void. When a girl has arrived
at what is considered a marriageable age,
her parents make a point of inviting
young men to the house, and usually two
or three are invited at the same time, so
that the attention may not seem too
pointed.
No young man, however, is ever invit
ed to the house until after he has called
at least once and thus signified his wish
to have social intercourse with the fami
ly. If he takes to calling on several oc
casions in rather close succession it is
taken for granted that he has “inten
tions,” and he may be questioned con
cerning them.
In Germany the man must be at least
18 years old before he can make a pro
posal, but when it is made and accepted
the proposal is speedily followed by the
betrothal. This generally takes place
privately, shortly after which the father
of the bride, as she is then called, gives
a dinner or supper to the most intimate
friends on both sides, when the fact is
declared and, naturally, afterward be
comes a clatter of public knowledge.
When Dnyingr Shoes.
Do not trust to the appearance of your
shoe after it has been fitted and fastened
up. Try it before you buy it, not merely
stepping upon it, but walking in it long
enough to learn if it brings comfort to
every part of your foot. The foot is
smaller when you are sitting down, and
a shoe that will seem the acme of com
fort becomes an instrument of torture
when your muscles expand from the
weight of the body and the blood flows
down to the feet, as it does in walking.
I heard a woman complaining of her feet
the other day and pitied her until she
said that she was wearing a No. 5 shoe
when a 6 fitted her better. “Why do
you go through such senseless misery?”
I asked. “Because I will not wear such
a large shoe, even if I have to remove a
smaller one every ten minutes until it is
broken in.” The breaking in, by the
way, means a stretching of the leather
and cloth to accommodate the abused
feet. That destroys the shape of the
shoe, but allows the wearer the satisfac
tion of admitting that she wears a No. 5
shoe. Funny, isn’t it?—Philadelphia
Times.
Questions of Pronnnclatlon.
“Scholar” wants to know whether the
name of Salome should rhyme with home,
alleging that this has boon done in' re
cent poetry. Not being a poet, I should
generously give it another syllable, but
Mr. Weller’s advice on proper names
makes for peace—-to be ruled by the taste
and fancy of the speller. For instance,
I once knew a youth who wrote his name
Leigh and ealiod it Lee-eye. All his ac
quaintances followed suit. •
A little girl in our street is christened
Viola, after one of Shakespeare’s hero
ines. Her father says Vy-ola, w:fh the
emphasis on the first syllable, and her
mother says Yee-obla, with the emphasis
on the second syllable, and whichever
way you pronounce it one of them is an
gry at you. Nobody ever seems certain
whether to say Ceecil or Sessil; some ac
cent Janet in front and some behind;
even comparatively simple names like
Caroline, Emmeline and Madeline are
given one time with the long sound of i
and the nest with the short sound. There
have been aggravated cases in which
Pbasbe and Hebe were made monosyl
lables.—Chicago Post.
Costliest Tiilmble Uaae.
The wife of the king of Siam has ft
thimble of gold enriched with diamonds
and precious stones. It is shaped like a
partially opened lotus flower, each petal
bearing tire interlaced initials of the sov
ereign and his wife in amethysts, rnbies.
emeralds or topazes. Around the rim of
the thimble can he read the date of the
marriage according to the Siamese and
European calendars, each number and
each fetter being of alternate diamonds
and pearls.
The thimble was designed by the queen
herselr-and was made by a prominent
Paris jeweler. It cost $05,000 in Ameri
can money and was an anniversay gift;
from the king to bift wife.
CURZON’S SUCCESS.
Diplomacy o< Imlla'j Viceroy and Ills
American Wife.
George Nathaniel, first Baron Ourzon
of Kedlcston, Ireland, and viceroy of
India, has probably by virtue of his vice
roy-alt* more power than any other sub
ject of Queen Victoria. Through fill the
vast Indian empire, with its 300,000,000
people, he is the direct personal rep
resentative of his sovereign, and the
honors paid to him are equal to those
accorded to royalty itself. He is a young
man for so exalted a position, not quite
42 years of age, and that his head has
not been turned speaks much for jiis
From a recent photo.
BAItON CURZCW.
common sense. 'He has made a very effi
cient viceroy of India and has imm'essed
favorably both the European and me na
tive populations.
Lord Curzon is the son of Baron Scars
dale and was born in Kedleston, Ire
land. Like very many of the sons of
English noblemen, he was sent to Eton,
and thence he went to Oxford. Baliol
college of that ancient seat of learning
gave him his degree. He entered po
litical life and in 1885 became secretary
to Lord Salisbury. He was undersecre
tary of state for India in 1S91-2 and
undersecretary of foreign affairs from
1895 to 1898. Lord Curzon has always
taken an active interest in Asiatic af
fairs and has traveled extensively in the
east. He has published the results of
his geographical researches and studies
in a number of erudite volumes and has
received the gold medal of the Royal
Geographical society, a much coveted
distinction.
Much of the American interest in Lord
Curzon is due to the fact that Lady
Curzon is an American. She is the
daughter of Levi Z. Leiter, the well
known Chicago merchant, and married
the future viceroy in 1895. Her lady
ship has been of the utmost assistance to
her liege lord in the trying situations of
Indian diplomacy. As the readers of
Kipling are aware, the ways of Anglo
Indian society are beset with difficulties,
and Lady Curzon has displayed much
tact and ability in dealing with them.
The Indian Woman’* Problems.
The Indian vroman is confronted with
problems hard for her to solve. In the
old time she was an outdoor worker;
she cultivated the fields; she was iu the
free, fresh air from morning until night.
Now her work is within doors. If she
toils in the fields, her husband or fathei
is disgraced. She is taught to regard in
door employment, to cook, to wash and
iron, to sew, to scrub, as the sole avoca
tion of woman. She longs for the free
dom of the outside air, and her health
and spirits suffer from confinement.
There is now no possible reward for her
work; there are now no tribal ceremonies
at the time of her planting, when the
priest invoked the blessing of the mys
terious power upon the seed and the
fields; no picturesque rites of prayer for
the vivifying showers, and vA'n the
corn stands green and its leaveri?istle in
the breeze the woman cannot now look
upon the fields as the fruit of her labor,
blessed by the powers above, bringing
food for her family. The picturesque has
gone out of her life. The black cooking
stove, the wash tub, the glinting needle,
are her silent companions. It is not to
be wondered at that she sometimes longs
for the past; that she slips off, “returns
to the blauket,” as we say, and, if there
is a chancp, tries the flavor of old time
pleasures.
Then the operations of our laws per
plex her. Formerly she owned all the
home property, the lodge and all its be
longings, and other property was hers to
do with as she pleased. Today, if she be
married, she finds herself under a domi
nation that did not exist in the olden
time and from which she cannot escape.
She is irked by these strange limitations,
which have come she knows not how, nor
does she apprehend what they mean for
her and for-«oeiety.—Alice C. Fletcher in
Woman’s Journal.
The Modern Woman.
An observant writer has this to say
with reference to the modern woman:
“How young the well dressed women of
45 or 50 look—how free from care and
responsibility! There is no single de
tached word in our language large enough
to express the complex impression made
by these str'nying matrons of high fash
ion. The immediate sense of wealth, of
habitual self indulgence, of custom to
command, the unmistakable expectation
of being obsequiously waited upon, which
brings a head waiter ns surely as a fa
miliar whistle calls a dog—all this is in
tensely amusing and to the woman devoid
of footman and lady’s maid makes an in
teresting study. Environment has cer
tainly made^jjrand dames of these ladies
without dourfPor controversy.
“And the maidens, typical high class
young women of the last of the century,
what a strange development they are
from the circumstances, the traditions
and the opinions of their grandmothers!
Straight, athletic and undisturbed by
crowds of pushing, half discourteous men,
how loudly they laugh, how distinctly
and freely they talk of the season, of
dress, of the coming wedding or the last
broken engagement! How brown they
are, especially their hands, brilliuut with
dazzling rinfes. and how rough aud un
kempt theis hair! What curious, fanci
ful clothes they wear, and what wonder
ful combs aud buckles! Aud if She
chances to lunch next a trio of these very
independent yotiftg girls uo elderly wom
an will fail to be surprised at what they
eat while they laugh and chaff each oth
er like schoolboys and restlessly put up
their bauds to press uncertain combs into
their loose rolls of fluffy hair. They are
fine specimens of physical health, with
firm shoulders and quite astonishing,
muscular arms, but they are not fasci
nating. nor does the^yiew, alert, com
manding manner charm.'
HOARD OP UDRRnEN.
(jitirial Proceedings.)
Regular meeting of the Board of Al
dermen at the Assembly Chamber, Cltv
Hall, Tuesday, November 13, 1900.
The roll was called at 8:55 o'clock P. M.
men Barr, Cole, Cookson, Ditunar, Far
rell, Flchtl, Green Lyons. Maxwell, Mc
Bride, Muller, Stell and White.
Absent—Aldermen Calnon, Elirhart,
Howeth, Loth, Menge, Price, Ritter, Wall
and Warrin.
The minutes of the regular meeting of
October 23, 1900, were approved as print
ed in anmual form, on motion of Aider
man McBride.
PRESENTATION OF PETITIONS. ETC.
Petitions, etc., were presented, received
anil disposed of as follows:—
Communication from B. F. Gllkinson,
Esq., Secretary of the League of Ameri
can Municipalities, Inviting the attendance
of a delegation of one or more members at
the annual convention of the League at
Charles, S. C., December 13. 14 and 15, 1900,
and asking that the municipality become
a member of the league.
Ordered died.
Communication from Peter Guterl by his
attorney, Robert Carey, remonstrating
against the granting of a permit for the
erection of a frame building at No. 245
Newark avenue, etc.
Referred to Committee on Laws and Or
dinances.
Eight (S) applications for restaurant
Hncenses; and
Twelve (12) applications for transfer of
licenses.
(See reports subsequently made.)
Referred to Committee on Excise.
One (1) application for auctioneer’s
license.
One (1) application for pawnbroker's
license.
Three (3) applications for junk shop
licenses.
Four (4) applications for peddlers’ li
censes.
Three (3) applications for hand organ
licensee.
(See reports subsequently made.)
Referred to Committee on Srade LI
censes*.
PRESENTATION OF CLAIMS.
Claims were presented, received end dis
posed of as follows:—
Of Nicholas Ott, *53.25; R. M. Petrie.
*150, and George W. Smith *125.
Referred to Committee on Alms:—
Of Hudson County Gas Co., *22.55, and
People’s Light and Power Co., *23.63.
Referred to Committee on Booths and
Armories.
Of John H. Masker, *27.
Referred to Committee on District
Courts.
Of George R. Dupont, Edward Markle,
Luker Bros., Isidore Guida, Henry Krauss,
George Capelll, Catherine Quigiey, Ed
ward Kenny, F. B. Decking. A. Pen
nacchio, Joseph L. McEntee, Frank Funk.
Frank Sherry, Michael J. Corrigan. Frank
Martucci H. H. Kahlert, Max Chambers.
Christopher Sturcke, R. J. Preisler, John
Wilson, Mrs. P. Holland, Tony Gardella,
Thomas 'F. Carey, F. W. Bemreuth, John
Martin, Thomas Fallon, Henry C. Nico
demus, Catherine Keegan, N. P. Byrne,
Thomas C. Jewell. M. Green, Mrs. C.
Dooley, John P. Fernane, Thomas Doran.
Edward Marron, Edward J. Frank,
Nicholas O'Orazio, Antonio Guarrlello, C.
Morano, J. J. Waters, Richard Kraemer,
Otto Dusky, E. O. Martin, John Canta
bene, Charles Sander, Theodore Schutz
bach and Caroline Loth, *22 each; John
Rickerich, *96; Wm. Taylor, *56; A. J.
Guiton, *63; John Mourns. *63; George
Rickerich, *42: Peter McGuinness, *56;
James Mannix. *49: James Hurley, *42;
Thomas Fallon, *70; W. J. Drady, *49;
Thomas Brown, *56; James Tracy. *40;
Michael Scanlon, *45; W. J. Brasiel, *95;
Thos. Dolan, *35; Patrick McKeever, *50;
Joseph Doran. *35; Alex. Burke, *45;
O’Brien & Keilt, *112.50; Charles A. Leh
mann, *2i0; Egan Bros., *282.70; Edward
Kenny, *35: Evening Journal, *495 and *10;
Western Union Telegraph Co., *144;
Christopher P. Smith, *52.50; E. A. Zee
land, *420: J. C. eDmoerats, *437.55 and
*295.20; Albert Datz. *36 and *30: Wr. J.
Moran, *30; J. C. News. *495 and *10. J. H.
Mullins, *176.15; C. J. Milton, *106; officers
of registry and election, *9,000.
Referred to Committee on Elections.
Of George Berger, *21.18, and Edward
Kelly. *20.
Referred to Committee on Laws and
Ordinances.
Of Evening Journal Association, *14.10;
Jersey City News, *12 and *10; Agnes
Kenny. *14, and N. Y. and N. J. Telephone
Co., *10.50.
Referred to Committee on Printing, sta
tionery and Supplies.
OFFICERS’ COMMUNICATIONS.
The City Clerk presented a proof of
publication in the J. C. News of notices of
applications for eight (8) restaurant
licenses and tw'elve (121 transfers of
from ’November 8 to 15, inclusive, and the
same was ordered tiled.
The report of the Inspector of Buildings
for October, 1900. showing the number of
permits issued for the erection or exten
sion of buildings, etc., valued as follows,
was presented, received and ordered
filed:—
First Ward . 12 *4,343
Second Ward . 7 2,111
Third Ward . 1 50
Fourth Ward . 2 335
Fifth Ward . 12 15,5V)
Sixth Ward . 5 4.375
Seventh Ward . 19 34,451
Eighth Ward . 18 27,688
Ninth Ward . 10 12,240
Tenth Ward . 7 9.795
Eleventh Ward . 12 62.148
Twelfth Ward . 7 4,943
Total .112 $168,162
The Inspector of Buildings reported ap
plications from the following named per
sons for permission to erect frame build
ings the the following named places, and
the same were referred to the Committee
on Laws and Ordinances:—
Grace & iHyde Co., 242 and 248 Fifteenth
etreet.
Thomas Carey, 214 and 216 Fourteenth
street.
Mary J. Tuite. 394 Third street.
Felice Raimondo, 343 Newark avenue.
John Damato, 376 Seventh street (two
buildings).
John. Damato. 374 Seventh street.
Henry Kohl. 247 Newark avenue.
Alderman Stell obtained leave and re
tired.
On motion of Alderman Cookson the
Board took a recess of 15 minutes. On re
assembling the Board proceeded with
REPORTS OF STANDING COMMIT
TEES.
The Committee on Excise reported the
following resolution on petitions hereto
fore referred:—
Resolved, That licenses be granted to
the following named to keep restaurants
where spirituous, vinous, malt and brewed
liquors may be sold at the following
named places in Jersey City:—
Frank Chokski, 135 Steuben street, First
ward.
Samuel Friedmann, 165 Ninth street,
Second ward.
William Schaeffer. 140 Newark avenue,
Third Ward.
Edward E. Lowery, 110(6 Cole street,
Fifth Ward.
Siegfried Berwin, 271 Railroad avenue.
Fifth Ward.
Michael Pints, 16 Centre street, Fifth
Ward.
John McArdle, 58S Ocean avenue, Sev
enth Ward.
Otto H. Sprintler, 557 Palisade avenue,
Eleventh Ward.
Louis Schiff, 391 Grove street. Third
Ward.
Resolved, That the following described
restaurant licenses be transferred:—
No. 32, Henry W. Wolf to Donovan &
Driscoll.
211. William Cunningham to Richard
Duneker.
27S. Mary Colona to 423 Second street.
Fifth Ward.
290. Fred Schaefer to William Hoemeken.
300, James Lancton to Stephen J. Bris
key. at 326 Johnston avenue. Sixth Ward.
555. Gennino De Luisio to Michael Col
osurdo.
562, Ford & Binga to David Washing
ton.
592, William McGrath to Samuel Blatt.
679. John Hanley to A. H. San^riand.
No. 730, L. Gleickman to Henry Harder.
No. 879 Ellen O'Grady to W. H. Far
rington. at 609 Communipaw avenue,
Eighth Ward.
No. 906 Branen Bischoff to Frank Zink.
The reports were recived.
The resolutions were adopted by the fol
lowing vote, the yeas and nays having
been ordered and taken :—
Yeas—All the members present, thirteen
(13) in number.
The Committee on Finance reported the
following resolution:—
Resolved. That warrants bed rawn on
the City Treasurer in favor of the fol
lowing named persons in payment of
salaries for November, 1900, when "due,
viz:—
M. J. O’Donnell, City Clerk. $416.66
E. A. Vreeland. City Marshal. 125.00
J. B. Hewitt. Overseer of the Poor.. 133.00
E. J. Hunter, Assistant to Overseer
of the Poor. 83.00
Edward Kelly, Inspector of Build
ings ..•*. 129.00
H. E. Roder, Inspector of Scales,
etc. .... 83 33
Otto Crouse, Judge, First District
Court . 250.00
J. N. Braden, Clerk, First District
Court . 125.00
C. W. Parker, Judge, Second Dis
trict Court. 250.00
J. J. Erwin, Clerk, Second District
Court . 125.00
George Berger, Clerk to Building
Inspector . 100.00
George Murray, Driver of Ambu- .
lance . 70.00
The report was received.
The resolution was adopted by the fol
lowing vote, the yeas and nays havkeg
been ordered and taken:—
Yeas—All the members present, thirteen
(13) in number.
The Committee on Trade License* re
ported the following resolution on peti
tions heretofore referred:—
Resolved, That licenses to peddle goods,
wares, merchandise in Jersey City be is
sued by the Mayor and City Clerk, under
the corporate seal of the city, to H.
Grieme, Ann Hogan, M. Wartowskl and
'Nicola Calabrase.
Resolved, That licenses to keep junk
shops at the following named places in
Jersey City be issued by the Mayor and
City Clerk, under the corporate seal of
the city, to the following named peiwons:
H. P. Malone, 203 Van Vorst street.
First Ward.
Peter D'Alesio, 339 Newark avenue.
Fifth Ward.
Rosario Damato, 384 Seventh street.
Fifth Ward.
Resolved, That a license as an auc
tioneer be issued by the Mayor and City
Clerk, under the corporate seal of the
city, to Henry T. Nugent.
Resolved, That the following described
trade licenses be transferred:—
No. 7 (pawnbroker), Harry Levy, from
678 Newark avenue to 611 Summit avenue.
Resolved. That a license as a pawnbro
ker, located as 51 Montgomery street, in
the First Ward of Jersey City, be issued
by the Mayor and City Clerk, under the
corporate seal of the city, to Emmanuel
Brown, on his giving the bond required
by law.
Resolved, That licenses to play upon
handorgans or pianos, from house fo
house, be issued by the Mayor and City
Clerk, under the corporate seal of th*
city, to Guiseppe Pagburghi, F. Gandolfl
and Pietro Piggioli.
Resolved, That a license as an auc
tioneer be refused to James L. Hand.
Resolved, That a warrant be drawn on
the City Treasurer, in favor of James L.
Hand, for the sum of $37.50, being for
return of auctioneer’s license fee deposit
ed with the City Clerk, October 23, I960.
The reports were received and the reso
lutions adopted.
AUDITING OF CLAIMS BY RESOLU
TION.
The following resolutions were reported
by committees in payment of claims here
tofore referred to said committees:—
By Committee on Alms:—
Resolved, That the following claims bo
paid:—
$26.19 to P. J. CJllheany for meat for out
door poor to October 23, 1900.
$39.50 to M. Kelly for groceries for "out
door poor to October 23, 1900.
$81.75 to James McLaughlin for groceries
for outdoor poor to October 22, 1900.
$1.86 to N. Y. and N. J. Telephone Co.,
for telephone service at office of Poor
master, June, July and August, 1900.
$35.75 to Edward Perlberg for shoes for
outdoor poor to October 23, 1900.
$5.75 to R. H. Weaver for taking down,
etc., of awnings at office of Overseer o#
the Poor, 1900.
$10.66 to Wood & Menagh for paints,
oils, etc., at office of Overseer of the
Poor, October, 1900.
By Committee on Baths and Armories:
Resolved, That the sum of $19.03 be paid
to Hudson County Gas Company for gas)
at Armory, September, 1900.
By Committee on District Courts:—
Resolved, That the sum of $27 be paid
to John H. Masker for services as Con-*
stable, First District Court, October,
1900.
By Committee on Elections:—
Resolved, That the following claims bw.
paid :—
$90 to Edward Kenny for storage of
election furniture, August, September and
October, 1900.
$9,600 to officers of registry and elec
tion, October and November, 1900.
By Committee on Laws and Ordinane*;
Resolved, That the following claims bai
paid:—
$20 to Edward Kelly for Incidental, ex
penses as Inspector of Buildings, Septem
ber, 1900.
$17.50 to Union Rubber Tire Works for
one pair of rubber tires for wagon of
Inspector of Scales, etc., October, 1900.
By Committee on Printing, Stationery
and Supplies:—
Resolved, That the following claims be
paid:—
$17.10 to Jersey City News for publish
ing ordinance In relation to construction
of fences, October, 1900.
$8.50 to Jersey City News for advertis
ing liquor license applications, October 4
to 9. 1900.
$5.50 to Jersey City News for advertis
ing liquor license applications, October,
$14 to Agnes Kenny for typewriting tor
City Clerk's office, October, 1900.
The resolutions were adopted by the fol
lowing vote, the yeas and nays having
been ordered and taken:—
Yeas—All the members present, thirteen
(13) in number.
MISCELLANEOUS BUSINESS.
Resolutions were presented, received
and disposed of as follows:—
By Alderman Muller:—
Resolved, That consent Is hereby given
to the Bay View Cemetery Association to
enlarge Its cemetery, located on Garfield
and Cator avenues, in this city, so as to
embrace within said cemetery limits that
strip of land bounded on the northwest
by Ocean avenue; on the southeast by
lands of said Cemetery Association; on
the northeast by the southerly line ,£>f
lands of William A. Gahagan, and on
the southwest by the northeasterly lino
of lands of Martin Bente.
The resolution was adopted by the fol
lowing vote, the yeas and nays having
been ordered and taken, on the call or
the President:—
Yeas—All the members present, thirteen
(13) in number.
By Alderman Maxwell:—
Whereas, The act of April 4. 1898, reg
ulating elections Imposes additional du
ties upon the City Clerk, and by Section
171 thereof this Board is authorized to
allow therefor, and said services having
been duly performed by said City Clerk;
therefore be it
Resolved, That this Board deems ths
sum of five hundred dollars ($500) a fate
compensation for said duties, and do
hereby order that the said sum be paid
to M. J. O'Donnell. City Clerk, for his
services at the recent registry and elec
tion of October and November. 1900.
Resolved. That warrants be drawn on
the Citv Treasurer in favor of Thomas
K. Halstead, N. E. Feury. T. J. Cum
mings, Wm. H. Browning, James H,
Clark and A. B. Lembeck for fifty dol
lars ($50) each for extra services at re
cent registry and election, October and
November. 1900.
The resolutions were severally adopted
by the following vote, the yeas and nays
having been ordered and taken:—
Yeas—All the members present, except
ing Alderman Fichtl, who was excused
from voting, twelve (12) in number.
On motion of Alderman Muller, the fol
lowing entitled ordinance was taken from
the table for consideration, viz.:—
“An ordinance to amend an ordinance
entitled 'An ordinance to regulate ths
construction of fences within certain lim
its known as "Fire Limits.” ’ ”
The ordinance was read, considered and
then passed by the following vote, ths
yeas and nays having been ordered and
taken:—
Yeas—Aldermen Barr, Cole, Cookson,
Dittmar, Farrell, Fichtl. Green, Lyons,
Maxwell, McBride, Muller, White and
President Mldllge.
Nays—None,
The President then declared the Boards
adjourned.
MICHAEL J. O'DONNELL,
City Clerk.
NOTICE OF SETTLEMENT—NOTICE!
Is hereby given that the Anal account
of the subscriber, administrator of th*
estate of Elizabeth Mallen, deceased, will
be audited and stated by the Surrogate’
of the County of Hudson, and reported
for settlement on Friday, the 16th day of'
November next.
Dated October 5. A. D. 1900.
DENNIS F. MALLEN.
NOTICE OF SETTLEMENT—NOTICE!
is hereby given that the account of the
subscriber, administrator pendente lite of
the estate of James B. Graham, deceased,;
will be audited and stated by the Sur—
rogate of the County of Hudson, and re
ported for settlement on Friday, the 16th
day of November next.
Dated October 11, A. D. 1900.
NOTICE OF SETTLEMENT—NOTICE, 13
hereby given that account of the sub
scriber. as administratrix of the estate of
John Kelly, deceased, who during his life
time was the guardian of Marcella Elliott.
Alice F. Elliott and Katie A, Elliott.
mlnore>, will be audited and stated by tha
Surrogate of the County of Hudson, and
reported for settlement on Friday, the 33d
day of November next.
Dated October 18th, A. D. 1900.
JENNIE KELLT.

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