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The Jersey City news. (Jersey City [N.J.]) 1889-1906, November 26, 1900, LAST EDITION, Image 1

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ONE CENT ONE CENT
LAST ESITSON. *
LAST EDITION.
A OL. XII. NO._^537. JERSEY CITY MONDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1900. PRICE ONE CENT ™
COUNTYEXPENSES
In Ten Years Population
Has Increased 40 Per
Cent and Expendi
ture 66 Per
Cent.
CAUSES FOR THE CHANCE
Interest on Bonds for Public
Improvement a Large
Item.
■While the county’s population, as shown
by the recent census, has increased about
40 per cent, over 1896 in the ten years
the expenditures for county government
have increased about 86 per cent. One
great source of the increase is the in
terest on bonds for the many public im
provements. In view of the oft repeated
statement that the Board of Freeholders,
which will assume charge of county af
fairs on December 3 next, will be un
able to live within the limit of the ap
propriation fixed by the outgoing board
for the fiscal year commencing December
1 next, a comparison of county expendi
tures with the growth of population be
comes Interesting.
With the increase in population, an in
crease in the county's legal business and
the number of criminals, paupers and
lunatics is natural, but whether or not
the increases should be proportionate is
the interesting Question for the new Free
holders to solve.
The population of Hudson county in 1890
was 275,128; in 1S95 it was 328,380, and the
last census showed 3S6.048 people living
here. The appropriation for all county
expanses for the fiscal year 1889-1890 was
*556,570; for 1894-1895 it was 3734,710, and
for the corning year it is 3934,007.53.
Thus it wrill be seen that while the
county’s population increased form 1SJ0 to
1896 about 20 per cent, the cost of county
government increased in a corresponding
period nearly 32 per cent. The increase in
population from 1895 to 1900 will average
cheat '.9 per cent., while the above figures
show that the appropriation for next year
i • over 26 per cent, larger than it was five
; trs ago and a little less than 66 per
i er.t. over the figures of ten years ago,
v . r, the population of the county was 40
1 cent, less than it is today.
While a considerable portion of this dis
proportionate increase, as compared with
the increase in population, will be used
for '.he payment of maturing bonds and
the interest on bonds issued to pay for
permanent public improvements such as
the boulevards and bridges built during
the past ten years, it is a fact neverthe
less that almost every department of
county government shows a surprise and
varying increase in its cost of mainten
ance as compared with the increase in
population since 1890.
For the current fiscal year 3110,000 was
appropriated for county courts. Next
year the appropriation is 315,000 less. This
item was 365,000 in 1889-90, but increased
to 3110.000 in 1894-95—70 per cent, in five
years, despite the fact that during that
time court expenses were materially less
ened by the passage of a legislative act
enabling Jersey City Police Judges to dis
pose of many cases that formerly occu
pied the time of the county criminal
courts, and by the Prosecutor securing
an annual salary of 38,000 In lieu of the
former excessive fees of the office.
True, the establishment of the Circuit
Court, over which Judge Nevius presides;
■the, appointment of a sergeant-at-arms in
each of the three courts, where one for
merly did the work of all three, and the
appointment of three interpreters in place
of the one of ten years ago, have added
to the cost of conducting this branch of
the county service, but even these do ndt
seem to warrant the disproportionate in
crease shown in the figures of the last ten
years.
Ten years ago the cost of running all
the Snake IHill Institutions was 3155,000. In
1895 it had only increased to 3163,500, hut
for the current year it reached 3204,000.
For next year but 3171,000 is allowed,
namely:—Asylum, 335,000; almshouse, 352,
000 and 317,500; penitentiary, 355,000; small
pox hospital, 33,000, and storehouse 35,000.
In addition to these an asylum
fun'’ will be rfdded to nearly 360,
000 , from the money received from the
State for the support of lunatics by the
county, and from the moneys received
for the boar of paid patients. To the
penitentiary appropriation will be added
the moneys received for the board of
United States prisoners and from the sale
of crushed stone.
The item of appropriation for the main
tenance of "public grounds, court house
and Jail,” was 330,000 in 1890; in 1895 it was
340,000; for the current year 350,000 wa3
used, and next year but 345.000 is allowed.
From these figures it will be seen that It
costs 50 per cent, more to pay for the
board of prisoners and the care of the
Court House and Jail than it did ten years
ago. In this connection it might be men
tioned that the public buildings are no
larger today than they were in 1890, and
the Sheriff is receiving five cents a day
less for the maintenance of each prisoner
than the warden of the jail received ten
years ago.
So it is with all the other appropriations
made by the Freeholders. They seem to
have been Increased disproportionately and
■without sufficient warrant during the past
ten years, and it would seem from a
study of the figures since 1S90 that if
moderate retrenchment and economy is
practiced by the new Board that they will
be able to live within their appropriation
for next year despite the fact that it is
actually over 354,000 less than was appro
priated for the current year.
ST. LUCY’S FAIR OPENS TONIGHT
St. Lucy’s big church fair, which is to
last all the week, will open tonight In
St. Lucy's Hall, Grove anti Sixteenth
streets. The booths and the hall have
been-artlstlcally decorated and are being
stocked with a dazzling array of costly
and y pitiful fancy articles. A11 sorts of
•xtrs. ttractlons have been provided.
TAX COLLECTION BEGINS
Clerks in Mr. Davis’s Office
Busy Attending to a Long
Line of Visitors.
When the clerks In the Collector’s office
got to their desks this morning they found
a long line of citizens waiting for them.
Today began the collection of taxes for
the present year, and those who pay their
tax bills within twenty days from today'
will receive a rebate of 12 per cent, per an
num. ,
In view of this at half-past nine this
morning there must have been at least up
wards of a hundred people to get their
bills. These are made out in room 15 and
when the taxpayer receives it he falls in
line, and when his turn comes pays his
money to Assistant Collector T. J. Mig
gins.
Finance Commissioner Mr. W. F. Mid
ligo was on hand and viewed the ever in
creasing living line with pleasure.
“That’s a refreshing sight.” he said,
rubbing his hands, “for we need the mon
ey I can assure you."
GERMAN GIRL LOST.
Woman Brought Her to the City and
IDesarJed Her.
Patrolman Mulcox of the Communipaw
avenue station, while patrolling on Ocean
avenue early Sunday morning, met a
young German girl who was wandering
about in an aimless sort of a way. He
spoke to her but she made him understand
that she spoke no English.
The wanderer was brought to the
station house. One of the patrolmen who
understands German questioned her.
She said that she came from Germany a
very short time ago and was living in
New York. The address she could not
give. She remembers nothing about it.
Her name is Anna Schoevter and she is
twenty years old. She came to this city
early Saturday evening with a woman
named Mrs. Wasaliski, for the purpose of
securing employment here. The girl stat
ed that they got off the car somewhere
and then she lost track of her compan
ion. She wandered around for several
hours before attracting any attention.
It is the belief of the police that the girl
was purposely lost by her companion. She
said very little about her companion other
than that she met her in the New York
house several times. The girl was taken
to the Oakland avenue station. If she is
not called for in the course of a day or
two, the police will turn her over to the
New York authorities. The only disposi
tion that can be made of her case Is to
send her back to the barge office where
she will be taken to her native land.
This is usually done to prevent harm be
falling young girls and to protect the city
from charges falling upon the hands of
the authorities.
MULLIGAN GUARDS' BALL
It Will Be Held at Wood’s Hall,
Beeemker 19.
The popular organization known as the
Mulligan Guards of the Third ward will
hold its annual entertainment and recption
at Wood's Hall on Wednesday evening.
December 19. The members are working
hard for the success of the event and at
present over five hundred tickets have
been sold. The vaudeville entertainment
promises to eclipse anything ever given
in this line and the committee wiil ar
range a first class programme, composed
of popuhor and well known entertainers.
Dancing will be enjoyed, between the
vocal numbers. The membership was in
creased to the one hundred mark the past
week. The arrangement committee con
sists of Thomas Gibney, chairman; Joseph
W. Griffin, John Wallace, C. TwXney and
P. W. Walsh.___
TROLLEYS CRASH INTO WAGONS
There were two trolley accidents in the
Bergen section Saturday evening, neither
resulting seriously. A West Side ave
nue car struck the bakery wagon of
Charles Sliber, of No. 566 Bramhall ave
nue, at West Side avenue and Union
street, damaging the rear of the wagon.
A Court House car crashed into the
grocery wagon of F. F. Kruffl, of No. 153
Pacific avenue, breaking the front spring
and throwing the driver, injuring his
right shoulder. The accident occurred at
Communipaw avenue and Garfield ave
nues.
Trolley car No. 369 of iNewark Turnpike
line, while going west at half-past nine
o’clock Saturday night, struck a peddler’s
wagon, owned by and in charge of Ed
ward Ruvolt, of No. 344 Second street, at
Second street and Newark avenue. Ruvolt
was thrown out, but escaped with a few
bruises. His wagon was smashed.
MAN FOUND IN THE RIVER.
The body of a man about thirty-five
years old was found floating in the North
River yesterday and removed to the
morgue in Hoboken. The man had _on a
suit of black clothes and laced shoes. It
had evidently been in the water for more
than two weeks. In one of the pockets of
the sack coat was found a bill made out
to E. W. Bolster, of No. 305 East 114th
street, New York. The New York police
have been notified of the recovery of the
■body. __
ST. MATTHEW’S FAIR CLOSED.
St. Matthew's fair came to a close Sat
urday evening after a successful run of
four nifthts under the auspifies of the La
dies’ Aid Society. The receipts of the fair
will be used for the church treasury.
---
ARRAH-NA-POGUE TONIGHT.
The young men of St. Peter’s Lyceum
will give the four act Irish drama, “Ar
rah-Na-Pogue,” in St. Peter’s Hall, on
York street, this evening. It will also he
given tomorrow evening.
ST. MARKS’S FAIR OVER.
St. Mark’s fancy fair closed Saturday
evening. It was the btesest success that
has ever been made by the church.
An Old and Well Tried Remedy
Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for
children teething snonld a.wavs ne used
tor children wr.tie teething, it softens the
gums, allays the pain, cures wind colie
ir.d Is the best reined? tor diarrhoea.
'vu:ty-flve earts per twttl*.
SUGAR HOUSE WATER TAX
Vice Chancellor Stevens Will
Hear the Matter in Two
Weeks
The old fight of the city to compel the
Sugar House people to pay their water
rents came up In the Court of Chancery
this morning. In 1898 the city claimed
that the American Sugar Refining Com
pany owed about $15,000, for back water
rents. The company disputed the claim
and the city threatened to cut off the
Sugar House’s water supply if the amount
was not paid. The Chancellor was ap
pealed to by the company and he issued
an order restraining the city from cut
ting off the supply. The matter was
argued before the late Chancellor Mc
Gill in July, 1898, but he died before he
could decide the matter.
This morning Allan McDermott, repre
senting the city, and Howard Griffiths,
representing the Sugar Company, appear
ed before Vice Chancellor Stevens this
morning and asked him to set a day for
opening the case and hearing it over
again. The Vice Chancellor said he would
hear it on December 10.
RAN AWAY WITH THE FURNITURE.
Why ‘William Gozler Wants a
Divorce From u Singer.
Frank P. McDermott, as Master in
Chancery, on Saturday took testimony in
the case of William H. Gozler, who sues
his wife, Sarah, for divorce on the ground
of desertion. In 1891, Gozler then eigh
teen years old, met his wife, then six
teen years old, in a concert garden on
Washington street, where she was sing
ing under the name of Sarah Delnoy.
He became infatuated, and when lie
proposed marriage she accepted him.
They were married November 1, 1891, and
lived together just one year to a day.
On the night of October 31, 1892, they
quarrelled over a man whom Gozler found
visiting his wife when he returned home,
and the next morning the young woman
disappeared, taking with her all their
furniture which was not covered by an
installment mortgage. Mr. McDermott j
said he would advise a decree for Gozler. j
He was represented by fi. A. Ransom. I
GLASS WORKS RECEIVER REPORTS
E. Ambler Armstrong of .Camden ob
tained from Vice Chancellor Pitney this
morning an order confirming the report
of John J. Burleigh, receiver of the Bo
dine Glass Works of Williamstown, N. J.
These works are the mainstay of the
town, and when they got into financial
difficulties, about five years ago, Mr.
Burleigh was appointed receiver and di
rected to keep the works going. He did
so and reported that during that time
he had handled $1,000,000. Recently the j
bondholders bought the plant in for $160,- !
000 and are now running the works.
In discharging the receiver the Vicp
Chancellor allowed him a commission of
2lk per cent, of the $1,000,000 he had
handled.
POOL
The third series of pool matches for
the championship of Hudson county will
be held at the Monitor pool parlor, No. ITS
Newark avenue, beginning tonight. Great
interest is taken in this tournament which
is hotly contested.
Young leads with three games in his
favor. Mount and Reppleyea are tie for
second place, Cuff is third in line and
Hughes holds fourth place, while Spauld
ing, Stier and Nugent bring up at the
rear.
The schedule for the week will be as fol
lows;—Monday, Charles Young vs. Dave
Marsh; Tuesday, George Hughes vs. Jas.
Spaulding; Wednesday, Charles Nugent,
vs. Harold Cuff; Thursday, P. Reppleyea
vs. Jos. Stier.
THE STORM IN HOBOKEN.
The storm of Saturday night and yester
day did considerable damage to the elec
tric system in Hoboken. Sputtering live
wires were noticeable everywhere and
many of the streets were in darkness. A
signal box at Police Headquarters, con
nected with the burglar system of one of
the local banks, spat flame and was ren
dered useless yesterday morning. Many
telephone wires are down and workmen
of the different electric companies will be
kept busy for days repairing the damage.
RAISING TEACHERS SALARIES.
Tomorrow evening, the Board of Edu
cation will wrestle with the salaries list
and make a few appointments. There is
to be a general advance all around, it is
said, and that accounts for the broad
smiles on the faces of the teachers and
principals.
Salt rheum, with its burning, stinging sen
sation, is due to poor blood and is cured by
Hood'* Sarsaparilla, the great blood purifier.
''-s
oCawyers - ~
^Desiring expedition,
neat work and . « •
accuracy ......
in the printing of
*UJork
sShould use the . . .
prompt delivery and
moderate ......
price service of the
Jfersey @'ty ^awi
DOESN’T LIKE PEACEMAKING
Freeholder Moran Will Here
after Let Men Pound Each
Other at Will.
Freeholder Moran has decided that here- j
after if men want to fight he will not ob
ject. He has come to the conclusion that
he will never again interfere with a citi
zen's right to punch or get punched. The
Freeholder’s friends will be somewhat sur
prised to hear of this change, but Mr.
Moran feels that he has ground for it. He
saw a chance to act as peacemaker last
night, and he grasped the opportunity. He
came dangerously near being badly
punched.
The trouble was on a Desbrosses street
ferryboat. Peter Data, thirty-two years I
old, of No. 35 River street. New York, and
his brother James of the same address,
became mixed up with one Nathan Frank,
of No. 74 Stanton street, New York. From
words the argument led to blows and
with a well directed upper cut on the chin
of Peter Data Mr. Frank felled half the
Data combination. Then the row became1
general and Mr. Moran decided that it
should cease. He stepped between James
Data and Frank, who were energetically
handing each other cross counters, upper
cuts and pivot blows, and separated
them. They turned on him but they were
quickly suppressed by the other passen
gers. When the boat arrived on this side
Patrolman Murphy arrested the bel
ligerents. They were arraigned before Po
lice Justice Hooos this morning. Peter
Data was fined $5 and James was fined
}10. Frank was allowed to go, and Mr.
Moran was praised for being a good citi
zen.
HECKER ON TRIAL.
Man Who Killed Hayes Will
Plead Self Defence.
In the Court of Oyer and Terminer this
morning, before Judge Blair, Henry Heck
er, of No. 315 Fifth street, Hoboken, was
placed on trial charged with the alleged
manslaughter of Michael Hayes, in a
quarrel at No. 358 Fifth street, on July
30 last. Senator-elect Robert S. Hudspeth
appeared for the defendant. Prosecutor
James S. Erwin represented the State.
Considerable difficulfy was experienced in
securing a jury, owing to the fact' that
several cases of importance in the other
courts were being tried.
After the jury was sworn in, 'shortly
after noon, Prosecutor Erwin opened for
the State. He said Hecker andv Hayes
lived in the same house. On the night In
question they met on the front stoop.
An argument resulted in blows being
struck, and Hayes fell on the sidewalk,
striking his head. He was taken to St.
Mary’s Hospital, where he died nine days
later. Mr. Erwin., said the defence would
be self-defence.
Architect Louis Broome, the first wit
ness called, identified a sketch made of
the scene of the fray.
County Physician Charles B. Converse
was then called. He testified to the
marks of violence found upon the body
of the dead man, and said Hayes’s death
was the result of a fractured skull.
Recess was taken at one o’clock. The
case will be continued this afternoon.
LEFT HIS WIFE TO MARRY ANOTHER

Then Ha Told Her Not to Worry as
He Loved Only Her.
Peter Bentley this morning applied for
an order allowing Mrs. Hattie Rockliffe to
prosecute in forma pauperis her suit for
divorce against her husband Adrian. This
means that she will not be obliged to pay
•any counsel fees or costs of court, and is
the paternal way the Court of Chancery
has of seeing that justice Is done to the
citizens who are too poor to pay court
expenses. In her affidavit Mrs. Rockliffe
set forth that she was. married on May 16,
1885 and “lived happily together” until
August last when she was obliged to leave
her husband on account of his extreme
cruelty. Soon afterward they became re
conciled and went to live together in New
ark, where Rockliffe was employed as an
iron worker. Her husband then told her
that during their separation he had mar
ried another woman, but as he loved her
alone she need not worry much over it.
Mrs. Rockliffe then investigated his
statement and found that he had married
a young woman named Ellen Connors in
New York. She looked up Miss Connors
and induced her to go to Newark and
make a complaint of bigamy against
Rockliffe. He was arrested and is now
in jail in Newark awaiting requisition.
The Vice-Chancellor granted Mr. Bent
ley’s motion.
C. E. ANNIVERSARY.
Bergen Reformed Society Celebrates
Its Birthday.
The twelfth anniversary of the Christian
Endeavor Society of the Bergen Reformed
Church was celebrated last evening with
appropriate exercises. A special pro
gramme of music was rendered.
The Rev. Cornelius Brett, D. D., pastor
of the church and ex-president of the New
Jersey Union, spoke on the prosperity of
the union in general and congratulated
the members upon the work done in the
local church.
President Arthur A. Farrier, of the
Hudson County Union, delivered the ad
dress of welcome. His speech 'touched on
the local work and he particularly em
phasized the good results attained by the
society of the Bergen Baptist Church.
“The Christian Endeavor iwciety,” he
said, “has made encouraging strides in
Hudson county In the course of a year.
New societies have sprung up to help the
good work along and others are looked for
and will be welcomed into the fold.”
The annual reports were read. The
finances are excellent and the member
ship is also in good standing.
DEWEY MAY COME HERE.
An effort is being made to secure the
presence of Admiral George Dewey at the
forthcoming banquet of the Board of
Trade to speak to the toast of American
trade with the Phillipines.
Some time ago the Admiral, writing to
a friend in Jersey City, said he hoped
soon to visit here, and this friend is en
deavoring to induce the hero of. Manila
to attend the dinner .to be held in Janu
ary in the Jersey City Cftib.
ifer 'j.
GRUESOME DECORATIONS.
Divorcee Married in An Under
taker’s Shop.
Justice of the Peace Frank P. Lehane
Saturday night performed the ceremony
which united Mrs. Agnes Jackson, of No.
6S2 Lexington avenue, Brooklyn, and Wil
liam B. Wilson, thirty years old, also of
Brooklyn, in the undertaking establish
ment of William Moran, No. 145 Mont
gomery street. The witnesses were Aider
man James McBride and Superintendent
of Police Signal System William Foley.
After the ceremony the bridal couple
went to the Hotel Washington, where a
supper was enjoyed. Justice Lehane was
at the wedding feast, and when he left
the happy couple he enjoyed the sensation
of handling a fee of $25. Wedding sup
pers and $25 fees are rare in marriages
performed by Justices of the Peace.
The ceremony was the closing feature of
a courtship that led into the divorce
courts, -Mrs. Walsin said. When Mrs.
Wilson first met her husband she was
the wife of one James Jackson, Mrs.
Jackson and Mr. Wilson were in each
other's company too much to please Mr.
Jackson and he applied in the Brooklyn
courts for a divorce on statutory grounds.
Mrs. Jackson put in no defense and the
divorce was granted in the early part of
last week. Immediately she became en
gaged to Mr. Wilson, who was named as
the co-respondent ih, the divorce suit.
(Because of the laws of New York State
they could not marry there, so they re
sorted to Jersey City. Wilson took up a
residence in the Hotel Washington, and on
Saturday, when satisfied that he was
within the law here, he went for his bride
to New York. An automobile was engaged
and the' oouple arrived here in true mod
em style.
They were met by Justice Lehane and
Freeholder Moran offered them the use of
his office. They accepted, and as the
Justice performed the ceremony they
stood, hand clasped, amid the coffins kept
in the store., Mrs. Wilson is the daughter
of the late Captain Dernin of the Brook
lyn police department and a niece of the
late Rev. Dr. McGlynn, of equal tax fame.
SOME SMALL FIRES.
A slight fire occurred in the apartments
of Albert Moore, on the first floor of the
three story brick flat, No. 216 Ninth street,
Saturday afternoon. It was extinguished
by members of No. 2 Truck Company. The
building is owned by John Quinlan of
Piermont, N. J.
Shortly before six o’clock on Saturday
afternoon fire broke out In the apart
ments of Mrs. Mary Gately, on the second
floor of the three story frame house, No.
50 Brie street. The damage was slight.
The fire was caused by a lace curtain
coming in contact with a lighted gas jet.
William Howeth owns the building.
1'lru box No. 262 was pulled last night by
a citizen for a fire which broke out In the
■apartments of Patrick Mclnerny in the
two-story frame house, No. 562 Grove
street, owned by Mary Mangels, of No. 666
Grove street. It was caused by a lamp
explosion. Some of the furniture was dam
aged before the fire was extinguished.
BURCLARYON THE HEIGHTS
One more burglary was committed in
the Bergen section early this morning
when the house of Edgar Williams at No.
423 Bergen avenue was broken into and
ransacked. Mr. Williams reported the
theft this morning to the police of the
Communipaw avenue station. He said
that the basement window was forced and
entrance gained in this manner. A list of
articles stolen was turned over to the po
lice. This includes six silver spoons, a
dozen pairs of trousers, coats and vests,
children’s clothing and some dresses be
longing to Mrs. Williams. The amount
said to have been taken is about $200.
HIGH SCHOOL DANCE.
Dram at io Entertainment and Dance
to Be Given Friday Night.
The January graduating class of the
Jersey City High School will give an en
tertainment in Hasbrouck Hall, on Fri
day evening, November 30, to raise funds
for the annual graduating reception and
dance next June.
As usual, the Florence players have
been secured and will give two dramatic
performances, “In Honor Bound,” a pret
ty little drama, with rather a pathetic
tone, and “Chopsticks and Spikins,” a
roaring farce. The cast secured for the
performance consists of Messrs. Harry
Russell and Robert Deats, who will ap
pear In both pieces, and William Dey,
Misses Edith Ketchum, Grace Elliott, L.
Frazer and I. Higginbotham.
The Florence players is a dramatic or
ganization, which had its origin in the
High School and has been kept up ever
since. It is probably the longest lived
society of the kind in the city, and is
heard from several times during each
successive winter. "Chopsticks and
Spikins" was one of the society’s first
productions, given when it was still part
and parcel of the High School in the
High School building, and never since re
vived. .
Dancing will follow the programme
next Friday evening. The interim be
tween the plays will be taken up by
Mr. Knickerbocker of New York, who
will render several tenor solos.
THE PATERSON PLANK ROAD.
The members of the Board of Freehold
ers, accompanied by Engineer Ralph p.
Earle, are today making an official in
spection of the improvement of the Pat
erson Plank Road from the Boulevard to
Homestead. The party left the Court
House in coaches at 12:30 o’clocfl.
The work has been done by Contractors
Gallery and Murphy. The improvement of
the balance of the road as far as Secau
cus will not be begun until spring.
Was Dickens’s Secretary.
There died In extreme want in Fulham
Infirmary, recently, George Dolby, once
private secretary to Charles Dickens.
When Dickens traveled about the country
giving readings, Dolby went with him as
manager. He Boswelllzed the novelist, and
the tour, too. in a very readable volume.
But poor Dolby in some points resembled
Harold Skimpole. He was improvident,
careless of money, indolent, fond of build
ing castles in the air. In his old age, de
spite generous friends, be sank steadily
In the social scale.
THE NEW JERSEY.
Plans and Specifications for
the Powerful New
Battleship.
CARRY THE HEAVIEST ARMOR
Bureau of Construction and
Repair Carried Out the
Purpose of Congress.
When Congress, In March, 1899, appro
priated money for three sea-going coast
line battleships carrying the heaviest ar
mor and most powerful armament for
vessels of their class, it was evidently
the intention to provide for vessels more
powerful than those of any other nation
in the world.
The unfortunate provision by _ which
the contracting for the vessels was made
subject to an agreement as to. the price
of armor, while it delayed the work in
connection with these important vessels,
served one good purpose in making it pos
sible to combine with those appropriated
for by the Fifty-fifth Congress the two
provided for by the act of June 7, 1900.
The five new battleships will be the
Pennsylvania, New -Jersey, Georgia, Vir
ginia and Rhode Island.
The Bureau of Construction and Re
pair, in the designs for these five vessels,
has fully carried out the evident purpose
of Congress, and the designs now ap
proaching completion in that bureau rep
resent five of the most powerful battle
ships which have ever been projected.
The vessels appropriated for in 1899
are required to be sheathed and copper
ed, whereas those of the latter appropria
tion have been held by the Navy Depart
ment not to be covered by the provision
as to sheathing, and the Bureau of Con
struction and Repair has therefore de
signed two classes of vessels, one sheath
ed and the other not sheathed. The de
signs have been further complicated by
the decision of the Board of Construc
tion to fit three of the vessels with the
superimposed turret, similar to those on
the Kearsage and Kentucky, and to
provide the other two vessels with what
has been designated the “quadrilateral
arrangement” of the 8-inch guns of the
main battery. The provisions of the acts
for the five vessels have, therefore, been
covered by designs, prepared in the
Bureau of Construction and Repair, for
three sheathed and coppered battleships
carrying superimposed turrets, and two
unsheathed battleships with the “quadri
lateral arrangement” of 8-inch turrets.
The general dimensions and chief char
acteristics of the sheathed and copper
vessels are:—
Length on load water line, 435 feet.
Breadth, extreme, at load water line,
76 feet 10 inches.
Trial displacement, about 15,000 tons.
Mean draft at trial displacement about
•?4 feet.
Greatest draft, full load, about 26 feet.
The general dimensions of the un
sheathed vessels are:—
Length on load water line, 435 feet.
Breadth, extreme, at load water line,
76 feet 2% inches.
Trial displacement, about 14.400 tons.
Mean draft at trial displacement,, about
24 feet.
Greatest draft, full load, about 26 feet.
In the 15,000 tons represented in each
*of these vessels, the many antagonistic
qualities essential to a perfect fighting
machine have been compromised and in
corporated in proportions which experi
ence seems to have pointed out as the
most desirable and efficient.
To begin with, these battleships will
have a speed of at least nineteen knots,
which compares most favorably with
any battleship under construction abroad
as well as with any of the projected
stage. As all of the vessels previously
designed by the Bureau of Construction
and Repair have shown material excess of
speed over that called for, it may be ex
pected that this figure will be exceeded
by from a quarter to a half a knot.
The vessels will be propelled at this
high speed by twin screws driven by two
four cylinder triple expansion engines of
about 19,000 indicated horse power, having
a stroke of four feet, running under con
ditions of maximum speed, at 120 revolu
tions per minute. The steam necessary to
this power will be supplied at a pressure
of 250 pounds per square inch by twenty
four Babcock & Wilcox straight water
tube boilers, placed four in each of six
independent water tight compartments.
Each ship will carry four 12-inch guns,
forty calibres in length, mounted In pairs
in Hichborn balanced turrets, having an
arc of train of 270 degrees, one forward
and one aft in each vessel. Of the eight
8-inch guns, 46 calibres in length, which
will be carried on each, in the three
sheathed vessels, four will be mounted
in turrets of the Hichborn type, super
posed upon the 12-inch turrets above
mentioned, and four in two turrets amid
ships, the amidships turrets having an
arc of train of 180 degrees, and in the
two unsheathed vessels, all eight 8-inch
guns will be mounted in four independ
ent turrets, each having an arc of train
of 145 degrees placed two on each side
at the ends of the superstructure, thus
forming a quadrilateral.
In each vessel there will be a broadside
of twelve 6-Inch rapid fire guns. 60 cali
bres in length, mounted six on each side
on the main deck, each with an arc of
train of 110 degrees, and each will also
have twelve 14-pounders and twelve 3
pounders mounted in commanding posi
tions and having very large area of fire.
In the two lower tops there will be four
automatic one-pounders and in the upper
tops four single-shot one-pounders.
Experience having shown that above
water torpedo tubes are not only ineffi
cient weapons, but a menace to their
possessors, the vessels are fitted only with
submarine torpedo tubes. Two of these
are located in one compartment, one on
each side, fitted for the discharge of the
large 18-inch Whitehead torpedo, and pro
vision is made for carrying stored in the
torpedo room six of these formidable en
gines of war.
The magazines of the vessels will be
specially fitted to enable them to carry
with absolute safety in all climates the
new smokeless powder, and with this 4ad
in view provision Is being made for their
artificial cooling by pipes and led from the
cold storage system of the vessel In such
cases as may be necessary. Provision
will be made in the magazines for the
stowage of at least sixty rounds each of
the 12-inch guns, representing a weight
of about 144 tons; 125 rounds for each of
the 8-inch guns, weighing about 180 tons;
200 rounds for each of the &-inch guns,
the weight of which will be about 100
tons; 500 rounds for each of the 3-pounder
and 1-pounder guns, and an almost inex
haustible supply of ammunition for the
smaller guns.
So much for the vessels of offensive
qualities. To make their defensive qual
ities proportionately great, they are Ip be
provided with a complete waterline belt
of armor, eight feet in width amidships,
11 inches thick at the top, and eight in
ches at the bottom, tapering to a uniform
thickness of four inches at the ends of
the vessel. They will also have an ar
mored belt extending over 245 feet of
their length, of a uniform thickness of six
inches, rising from the top of the main
belt to upper or main deck, and joined at
its after end to the barbette of the 12
inch turret by a six inch armored bulk
head, and having at its forward end an
inclined armored bulkhead from side to
aide six inches thick, thus forming a cita
del or redoubt within which the six-inch
guns will be mounted. The barbettes for
the turrets of the 12-inch guns are to be
ten inches in thickness for that portion
outside of the redoubt or citadel, reduced
to six inches in thickness within.
The turrets themselves will be protect
ed by armor ten inches in thickness, the
port plates, however, being eleven inches.
The 8-inch turrets will in all cases,
whether superposed or independent, be
protected by six inches of armor, with
six and a half Inch port plates, and their
barbettes will be protected by similar
armor. The conning tower and its shield
will be nine inches In thickness and the
armored tubes will be protected by six
inches of armor and will be of sufficient
size not only to receive all voice-pipes,
wiring, etc., but to also prevent of their
being used as a passageway, if necessary.
In addition to the conning tower, there
will be aft a second tower, known as the
signal tower, w’hich will be protected by
five-inch armor. From the bottom of the
water line armor belt there will rise a
curved turtle-backed nickel-steel protec
tive deck, one and one-half inches thick
on the flat and three inches thick on the
sloping sides, to make assurance doubly
sure that no projectile of the enemy finds
its way into the vitals of. the ship. As
an /additional protection to stability, a
cofferdam belt, three feet in thickness
and packed to a density of eight pounds
to the cubic foot, will be worked along
■the two sides above the protective deck
for the entire length of the vessel. __
The material of construction will, of
course, be of high quality steel which has
entered into all the vessels of our navy.
The main or upper deck, in addition to
being built of steel, will be the only one
upon which wood is to be laid- The lower
decks will be of steel, covered with lino
leum or some other like material. The
use of wood in the construction of the
vessels will be limited even more strictly
than it has been in the later battleships,
and all wood, except for the sheathing of
the bottom, will be electric fireproofed.
Bilge keels and heavy docking keels will
be fitted.
It is proposed to make all of these ves
sels flagships, and to do this it is neces
sary to make provision for the accommo
dation of one flag officer, one commanding
officer, one chief of staff, twenty ward
room officers, twelve junior officers, ten
warrant officers and 658 crew and mar
ines, making a grand total of 703. Both
officers and crew will have wash rooms,
bath rooms and other similar conveniences
such as will place the comfort and health
fulness of these vessels very high in the
scale. •
THE BORDEN SUNDAY DELIVERY.
Radical Change Made Because Milk
Couldn't Be Seonred.
The Jersey City branch of the Borden
Condensed Milk Company departed from
its rigid custom of Sunday observance
yesterday, and sent out fifty-five wagons
to deliver milk throughout the county.
■Not in a decade, or to be precise/ since the
firm established its branch on Montgom
ery street in this city, eleven years ago,
has a single bottle of milk been delivered
on Sunday.
It was the company’s usual custom to
obtain an unusually large supply on Fri
day night and Saturday morning to be
delivered for Saturday and Sunday In
this manner the drivers delivered milk
all day Saturday, obviating the necessity
of sending the wagons out on Sunday
morning.
Manager Stoeckel says that the im
possibility of securing enough milk on
Friday night and early Saturday morning
from the farms In New York State Is the
only reason for the change. The Sunday
delivery has been held off for a long time,
but of late the trade has demanded ah
extra delivery, hence the breaking of the
iron-clad rule against Sunday delivery.
The wagons were sent out early. Sunday
morning to deliver in Jersey City, ‘Hobo
ken, Weehawken, Bayonne, Ridgefield,
New Durham, Union Hill and Fairview.
Every driver had finished his route long
before noontime. It is the Intention of
the management to have the wagons off
the streets as early as possible Sunday
morning and for that reason the drivers
have been instructed to start out much
earlier Sunday morning.*
INDEPENDENT SOCIAL CLUB DANCE
The Young Men’s Independent Social
Club and Its numerous friends enjoyed a
dance at Pohimann’s on Saturday night.
The big pavilion was comfortably crowd
ed and all present spent a most enjoy
able evening. Mr. G. Steadley was chair
man of the committee of arrangements.
The other members of the committee
were: Messrs. I., Loeddecke, Charles
Braun, G. Krop, J. Bott. T. White, P.
Kane, J. Walsh and T. Hean.
The officers of the club are:—Charles
Michael, President; John Galley Vice
President; William Driscoll, Financial
Secretary; John Bott, Treasurer, and
Gustav Bottner, Recording and Corre
sponding Secretary.
Rothch lid's Costly Wine.
Baron Rothschild, of Paris, has bought
from Castle Johanntsburg, on the Rhine,
120 bottles of the best sparkling hock pro
duced there at the tremendous price of
$25 a bottle.
The castle was originally a convent of
the Benedictines, who planted the cele
brated vineyards about it. After passing
through the hands of Napoleon I., Mar
shall Kellermann and one of the Emper
ors of Austria, it was presented by the
latter in 1814 to Prince Metternlch, whose
descendants still draw a large Income
from it.
GENERAL RAMSEY LEADS
Exciting Race for the Post
of Assistant Collector of
the Port of N. Y,
That which is decidedly Interesting te
certain Republicans at present is tnte
whose lucky hand a very Juicy plum will
soon fall. It is the “Assistant Colleetor
shtp of the Port of New York, resident in
Jersey City,” an office at present flUed by
Counsellor Michael I. Fagen, whose term
expires on January 25 next.
There are no duties to fuMll beyond
drawing the annual pay of 12,000k and II
lasts for four years.
A very lively race Is on for the place
and the names of those said' to be the
aspirants are:—General John Ramsey, who
held it four years ago; State Committee
man Edward 'Fry of Greenville, and Clay
land: Tilden, with the odds decidedly on
the General winning out. He is a close
friend of Senator Sewell.
Speaking of the "duties «f the eol
lectorship, an amusing story Is told of the
late Asa W. Dickinson, who many years
ago held the office. Meeting a friend he
said:—
“The Government Is getting pretty mean
nowadays with the assistant collector of
the port of New York resident in Jersey
City, ahem.”
“Why?" interrogated the friend.
"Well,” was Mr. Dickinson's reply,
“formerly they sent my warrant to me.
but now, by Jove, they make me go over
to the Custom House in New York to get
It."
"Is that all the labor attached to the
office?"
“I guess so. Oh, I forget. There’s
something else. There’s the labor of cash
ing the warrant and spending the money.”
DID UP A SALOON.
Water Commissioner Claus Schroeder of
Hoboken, had his saloon at the corner of
Garden and First streets, damaged to the
extent of 1500 last night by two customers
who got into a dispute with the barten
der over the price of drinks. The men,
Joseph Fleming and Joseph Kelly, left the
place a wreck, smashing two R#0 mirrors,
demolishing the fixtures and spoiling over
1100 worth of wet goods. Fleming got
mixed up with one of the broken mirrors
and was removed to St. Mary’s Hospital.
Kelly has not yet been arrested.
“THE MOUNTAIN ROSE” TONIGHT.
All indications point to a crowded boast
when the curtain of the St. Michael’® Halt
stage goes up tonight on the first scene
of ‘The Mountain Rose,” a four act
drama, which will be produced every
night this week until after Thanksgiving.
COURT CALENDARS.
Circuit Court cases:—
Nov. 27, 1900, Nos. 218, 217, 247.
Nov. 28, Nos. 210.
WEATHER INDICATIONS. 1
■NEW YORK, Nov. 26, 1900.—Forecast for
the thirty-six hours ending at 8 P. M. on
Tuesday:—iRain and colder tonight; Tues
day fair; winds westerly.
Hartnett’s Thermometrleal Report
'Nov. 25. Deg.1 Nov. 26. Keg.
3 P. M. 38 6 A. M.06
6 P. M.411 9 A. M.58
9 P. M.42 12 noon. 60
12 midnight.41|
DIED.
PESHALL—Died today, Mrs. Maggie M.
Peshall, wife of Charlfes J. Peohall.
Notice of funeral tomorrow.
A SPECIAL EXAMINATION
-FOR
TEACHERS’ LICENSES
will he held In the rooms of the Board
of Education, on
MONDAY, DECEMBER 10.
This examination is intended only for
those who apply for vice-principal’s certi
ficates, and for certificate* to teach Ger
man in the High School.
HENRY SNYDER.
Superintendent of School*.
TAXAPPEA LS/
The Commissioners of Appeal In Cases of
Taxation, will meet at the City Hall to
receive application for Correction of as
sessments where any error exiats, on
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1900
From 5 to 9 o’clock P. M.,
and thereafter from 5 to 9 o’clock (P. M.
each Tuesday and Friday and from 2 to I
o'clock P. M. each Thursday In December,
from 7 to 9 o’clock P. M. each Tuesday
and Friday in January, and from 7 to I
o'clock P. M. each Friday in February.
MORTIMER LA’MPSON,
JOHN MEHL, Jr.,
JAMES F. GANNON,
Commissioner*.
HARRY HINTBMDN,
Clerk.
Dated Jersey City, N. J., Nov. 13, 1900.
JOBS®
LETTER HEADS. ^
BUSINESS CARDS.
BILL HEADS.
P ENVELOPES.
CIRCULARS.
S3ook Work
LAW BRIEFS. ^
PAMPHLETS.
PROGRAMMES.
CATALOGUES.
BY-LAWS.

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