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ONE CENT LAST EDITION VOL.XYI-NO.~4082 JERSEY CITY. SATURDAY WEATHER INDICATIONS. NEW YORK, Jan. 28. 19GS.—fore cast fur iliu thirty-six hortrs eliding 8 P. St Sunday:—J>ossB>ly”smw today; colder tonight; fair tomorrow; variable gaie*. PRICE ONE CENT. JANUARY 28. 1905 OR, F, 0. GRAY’S CLOSE CALL Well Known Doctor While Attempting to Board a Flankroad Trolley Slipped Under the Car. ONE OF MANY VICTIMS Refusal of Motormen to Stop the Cause of Many Simi lar Accidents and Much Complaint, Doctor P. D. Gray, of Xo. 70 Summit avenue, while attempting to board an eastbound trolley car of the Plankroad line at Crescent and Communipaw ave nues, at 12.45 o'clock yesterday after noon slipped and fell under the car. The , accident created considerable excitement, as it was witnessed' by numerous pedes trians and the car at the time was well filled with passengers. The doctor still retained his hold of the ham! rail, but his body was dragged about two car lengths before the car was stopped. He was badly shaken up and bruised and was tkaen home in a coach. He was all right this morning. The doctor is a member of the City Board of Health is chairman of the Hospital Building Committee and one of the city's leading physicians. There has been considerable complaint among citizens during the recent storm of motormen refusing to step ears at street crossings, and many accidents have hap pened from persons attempting to board the cars or get off while the ears were in motion. In many places the curbs are still lined with big packs of snow and even if there is a passageway it is slip pery. and people lose their footing and a fail results in many eases the passenger alighting or attpmpyujj to board- the ear falling under it. A number of serious ac cidents have been reported and the ma jority of them are due to the failure of the motorman to stop Ms ear at the crossings. Soma allowance, perhaps, should be made for some motormen, for they, as well ns others, have had to share the burdens inflicted by such a blizzard as this city experienced on Wednesday and ^Thursday. But there are other motormen, who, anxious to reach the car barns and com plete their routes, adopt the axiom of a certain big railroad magnate: “The Pub lic be damned!" For the past few days it has been no un common sight to see a crowd on corners piled high with snow banks fighting one another in efforts to board passing car for which they had been waiting and whose motorman refused to stop for their accomodation. The wonder is that more serious acci dents have not been reported. ■ Queen Victoria was greatly moved on the occasion of the distribution o medals at the close of the Crimea: war, but her grief was not apparent U those less sympathetic. “Was tin <5--eeu touched?” a lady asked Lord Pantaure. "Bless my soul, no!” wa? the reply. “She had a brass railing be fore her, and no one could touch her!' “I mean was she moved?” the lady continued a mV was answered: “Moved? .she had no occasion to move.” 4s " ——;—__ - Poisons accumulate in the system when the kidneys are sluggish—blotches and bad com plexion result—take Hood’s Sarsaparilla. I He jersey City News. Jos Printing. Evsiress Cards Letter Meads 1 ill Meads Envelopes C irculars Boom "Work. Law Briefs f ernpHiets 1 rog'rammes L t tlcf uea By-Laws “”25l WASHINGTON STREET. NO PAY FOR PAY Chief of Police Murphy For bids Contributions to a Fund to Increase the Force’s Pay by Leg islation* Chief of Police ’Murphy yesterday is sued the foil -wing order, supplemented by a statement to the effect that any member of the department found guilty of haring contributed! to a fund to secure legislation increasing pay would be sum marily dismissed from ‘the depart ment :— ‘•Headquarters Police Dep'.t, “Jersey City, January 27, 1!X>5. “Order No. 3— “The Chief of Police is in possession of information that the men of this de partment «Te being asked to contribute a sum of money for the purpose of pro curing legislation to increase their pay. “There can be no proper excuse why any member of the Jersey City police force should ask the Legislature of our State to increase their pay until they have complied with the method laid down in Rule No. 16 of the Manual, which gives to every officer and man of the force the right to apply, through their superior officers, to the Board of Police Commissioners for such purpose. This method, and it is the only way under the rule, has heretofore always ■been followed when an increase of pay was asked for and it has generally been successful. “A Jersey City policeman should be wise enough not to be gulled out of his hard-earned money by a set of grafters. “This order when read at the differ ent roll-calls will be posted in the re serve loom. “By oTder of “BENJAMIN MURPHY, “Chief of Police.” PASSAIC IMPROVEMENT WASHINGTON. Jan. 27. 1905.—Ap propriations to the amount of $196,000 will be included in the river and harbor bill,, which was reported' to the House of Representatives today. The committee has issued a statement giving the items in the bill. Those for New Jersey fol low:— Passaic River, $40,000; Raritan Bay, $50,000; Keyport Harbor, Slatawan Creek, Raritan, South and Elizabeth Rivers and Shoal Harbor and Compton and Cheesequake Creeks, $50,000; Shrewsbury River, $20,000; Woodbridge Creek, $6,000; Alloway Creek, $3,000; Tuekerton Creek, $12,000; Raccoon Creek, $15,000. For the improvement of Arthur Kills, between New Jersey and Staten Island, $10,000 will be appropriated, and for the channel in the Delaware River to Phila delphia $500,000 in cash and $750,000 in continuing contracts. The statement regarding such surveys as may be authorized has not been issued yet. It is expected there will be a survey authorized to determine the cost of deep ening the channel from Trenton to Bor dentown in the Delaware River. Former Representative Banning worked hard in behalf of this project and Representative Wood has also been actively interested in it since he came down. UNION’S VACANCY, (Special to “The Jersey City News.'*) ELIZABETH, Jan. 2.8, 100">.—John L. Crowell, of Rahway, chairman of the Enion County Democratic Committee, is sued a call yesterday for primaries to be held in this county next Monday evening to elect delegates to a convention that Will nominate the following evening a candidate for the genera] assemble at the special election on February 7. Discussion as to the prospective Dem ocratic can -date centres around Lawyer Joseph T. Hague, of ’this city, who repre sented Union County at Trenton last year, but who was defeated in the Roose velt sweep iu November. Hague will ac cept a nomination, it is understood, and it is not likely that ho will have any op position at the primaries. Republican candidates are J. Lloyd i Thompson, town clerk of Westfield, and i Randolph I. Perkins, a Westfield lawyeT. | Other candidatis are spoken of, but there is a general sentiment to let Westfield name the man, as the late Assemblyman- | elect, George H. Embree, was from that ! town. _ TO CUKE A COLD IN ONE DAY Take Laxative Bromo Qninine "Tablets. All druggists refund the money if it fails to cure. E. W. Grove’s signature is on each box 25c. A MUSICAL TREAT Women's Choral Union Gives a Fine Concert at Elks' Hall. ARTISTS WHS ASSISTED Splendid Programme Well Rendered — Officers and Members of the Club. Tli'e Women’s Choral Society of Jersey City held its fifth private concert at Elk’s Hall last, night. The hall was crowded with a fashionable audience. Every spat in the auditorium and the gallery was occupied, and1 many men were obliged to stand in tiie rear of the hall. Almost one hundred ladies all dressed in white as a background for the orchestra of men in black made up as pretty a scene as has ever been wit nessed on any stage in this city and the music, both vocal and instrumental was of a character that reflected credit not only the society hut from the city. It was a rich musical treat. The music was conducted by Mr. Arthur D. Wood ruff. The society was assisted by Mr. Julian Walker, bass; Mr. Manfred Malkin.piano and string orchestra, conducted by Mr. Gustav Danureuther, with Mr. Richard T. Percy as accompanist. The pro gramme included the chorus, Shubert's Omnipotence,” “My Lady Chlo;” a., Ballade in A; b., Yalse in E minor by Chopin; c., Prelude in B minor (Mendels sohn), by Mr. Manfred Malkin; “On the Lake of Traun,” (Tliierot), an obligato solo by Mr. Julian Walker; Cantata, “Young Lovel’s Bride (Wm. E. Hacsche) a. , “A Man’s Song,” (Harris): b., “The Pirate’s Song,” (Gilbert), by Mr. Julian Walker; a., “Over the Stars,” (von Wi lan); b., “Estudiantina,” (Laeome) by the society; a., Swedish Melody, (Sweudsen; b. , Gavotte, (Rameau), by string orches tra; “Summer Fancies,” (Bernald), by society. The Women's Choral Society is com posed of the following officers and mem bers :— President, Mrs, Talbot R. Chambers; first Tice president. Miss Lucy F. Nelson; second rice president, Mrs. Henry E. Niese; secretary, Miss Edyth X. Mar shall; treasurer, Mrs. C. Howard' Slater; assistant treasurer, Mrs. Wm. H. Speer; librarian. Miss Oakley ; accompanist,Miss Mary Lockhart. Membership committee, Mrs. Cornel ius Brett, chairman; concert committee, Mrs. John Hetadden, Jr., chairman; Printing committee, Mrs. Frank Cavaili, chairman. Active members, first sopranos—Mrs. It. A. Alberts, Mrs. A. P. Bennett, Miss Belle Boltwood, Mrs. J. R. Bowen. Miss E. Brooke, Miss M. Butler, Mrs. Talbot Ii. Chambers, Mrs. W. E. Davis, Mrs. I,. R. Dressier, Miss Ferris, Miss May Forman, Mies Evelyn Foster, Mrs. J. H. Gilmore, Miss Gilmore, Mrs. Max well Grierson. Miss Halsey. Mrs. J. W. Hardenborgh, Miss Bertha Hastings, Miss Isbister, Mrs. E. H. Jones, Miss Elda Ivase, Mrs. Harry C. Louder bough, Miss A. X. Marshall. Miss L. F. Nelson, Mrs. H. E. Niese, Miss Ruth Hyde Norris. Second sopranos—Mrs. Gertrude Bail ey, Miss Pearl Brooke. Miss Carlyn De Peyster Brush, Miss S. L. Culver, Mrs. Samuel Drayton, Mrs. F. Dusenbury, Mrs. Frnak Eveland, Miss E. Fitch, Miss Florence N. Gebhard, Mrs. C. E. Graff, Miss Gertrude Hamiltou.Mrs. JohnHead* den, Jr.. Sirs. John Heck, Mrs. Charles B, Hughes, Miss Koester, Mrs. John P. Landriue, Miss Gladys Linn, Miss May V. Long. Miss E. N. Marshall, Mrs. Harry T. Pond, Miss Marjorie Powell, Miss Florence Rowe, Mrs. Simeon Row land. Mrs. W. H. Speer, Miss Frances Sutpliin. Mrs. J. B. Tanner. First sopranos—Miss Marjorie Post, Miss Re.se, Miss Redgrave, Mrs. Elean or P. Shaw, Mrs. Samuel Sterling, Mrs. William D. Stivers, Mrs. C. H. Slater, Mrs. H. 15. Van Dien, Miss Van Horne, Miss E. Van Horne, Mrs. Uriah Wash burn. First altos—Mrs. E. M. Alston, Mrs. Ruin Biauvolt. Mrs. W. P. Brush, Mrs, Frank Cavalli, Miss F. E. Clark, Mrs. T. Cross, Miss Virginia Doggett, Miss Frost, Mrs. John, E. Fairbanks, Mrs. George R. Hoogh, Miss G. VV. Houston, Miss Klein, Miss Oakley, Mrs. Charles H. Purdy, Mrs. George E. Rowland, Mrs. Schuyler Stivers, Mrs. S. A. Tracy, Mrs .George T. Vickers. Mrs. W. ,1. Ward. Mrs, H. XI. Winchester. Second sopranos — Mrs, Vreeiand Tompkins, Mis* Underwood. Mrs. C. M. Van Alien, Mrs, William Yoorhees, M i s Vfeeetand, Miss Watson, Mr. George H. White, Mrs. Walter Williams. Second altos—Mrs. Cornelius Brett, Miss Coyle, Mrs. E. IT. I>avey, Mrs. A. B. Dayton, Mrs. F. W. Eveleth, Mrs. J.4Forbes, Miss Nora Foster, Mrs. 0. H. 'Hanks, Miss Hellermao, Mrs. John P. Krebs, Mrs. A. G. Laney, Mrs. .X. W. Leard, Miss Lockwood, Mrs. J. H. Fer ine, Mrs. L. S. Provost, Mrs. Edward H. Skac, Mrs. J. H. Sloan,-Mrs. C. E. Smith, Miss Jessie Smith, Mrs. Melane thon Smith, Miss Wittpen. LT MENTIONED George H young's mansion at Deal Beach, which was destroyed by fire Thursday night While Mr. and Mrs. Young were away from home, was one of the most beautiful residences along the seashore. Mr. Young's two children and other occupants of the house were rescued by the caretaker who discovered ■the flames soon after the fire had started. In saving the children, witnesses of the 'the »ct say, the caretaker risked his own life. His bravery, it may be as sumed, will not go unrewarded. Mr. Young was formerly a resident of this city. He is a power in the financial, world and besides being connected -with other financial institutions, was one of the or ganizers of the Commercial Trust Com pany. His 'brother, James C. Young, President of the New Jersey Realty Company, went to Deal Beach as soon ash e got news of the fire. Tliat is an excellent rule the Board of Education adopted at its meet ing Thursday night, prohibiting teachers afflicted with tuberculosis from perform ing the duties oft eacher. Any male or female teacher Suspected of having the disease must subject himself or herself to an examination by a physician desig nated by the board. This is a necessary precaution against the spreeading of the disease. Everyday he is in town, which is not often now, while the legislature is in session. Col. Dickinson visits the City Hall and discusses with City Collector Fry and County Clerk elect John Roth erham the local political situation, so far as it concerns the Republican Party. At these conferences the wires are set in motion and many mores are made that are calculated to strengthen the organiza tion of which the Secretary of State is at the head. City Collector Fry, it is understood, looks after Mayor Fagan’s interests should the occasion arise. Now that the Colonel and the Mayor have made up and are apparently as friendly as ever there isn’t the same amount of friction as when the two were not on speaking terms. Friends of Mr. Rother ham are pleased that he is regarded with such high favor by the party leader and he is looked upon as the spokesman for the younger element that is looming up so conspicuously. In his office, just across from the City Hall and facing the City Collector's of fice Robert Davis meets his friends and talks about matters other than politics. He doesn't think the condition of the Democratic party requires the holding of daily conferences., Usually his most diffi cult task is arranging the primary details when nominations are to be made. There won’t be much trouble about that this year. The slate is already made. It reads: “For Mayor, Archibald M. Henry; for Sheriff, Egbert Seymour."’ Mr. Davis doesn’t take any chances handling the slate hearing these names for he knows if it once slipped from his hands it would smash into pieces, so weak is the material it is made of. Former Director of the Board of Free holders Michael B. Holmes stole quietly away from his friends Wednesday night. Despite tha storm he made his way to Hoboken. The next day when several of his friends chided him for not attend ing a gathering for which he had re ceived an invit;ation he explained that lie had “a more important engagement.” The important engagement was to get married and Mr. Hoduies gladly kept it. The present Mrs. Holmes was formerly Mrs. Bridget Noonan Hunt, a wealthy Hoboken widow. This is Mr. Holmes’s third marriage. Former Gov. George T. Wertz is put ting the finishing touches on the report of the Equal Taxation Commission of which be is B member. It will be ready »'y Monday, and nt Mr. Werts’s otliee in this city it will be gone over by the full Commission. It is expected that the re port will be in the hands of Mr. Stokes not later than Tuesday. While it is un derstood that the Commission agrees on many points, the friends of Charles C. Black will not be surprised if he submits a minority report following out liis ideas of taxing the main stem of the railroads at local rates for the use of the munici palities in which it is situated. The talk in Newark, where two of the members of the Commission live, is that Chairman Biker will agree with some of the recom mendations that the late Democratic can didate for Governor will make. Former Gov. Werts, Maj. Carl Lentz and Henry .T. West, the other members of the Com mission, it is said, are of one mind. After the report has been submitted to tlm Governor, he may, after reading it, send it to the Legislature with any rec ommendation he may see fit to submit. Next week may see the beginning of the equal taxation fight that is bound to arouse the State from one end to the other. Yesterday’s big storm caused United States Senator John Kean, Jr., and the Republican State leaders an uncomfort able hour or two. Under the law the Legislature in joint meeting should have taken a vote on the Senatership at noon. At that hour there was not a quorum of either House. Messengers went scurry ing around to find enougli absent Sena tors and Assemblymen to wake up the quorum, so that the law couldi be com plied with. The House clock was set back and it was just noon by the clock when the joint meeting was held though by overt other clock in the Capital city the time was an hour or so later. Senator Kean was late himself in get ting to Trenton. The train from Phila phia on which he was a passenger was held up close to au hour. Everything came, out all right, however, and after Kean had been re-elected by a vote of 57 to 20 for Col. Stevens, the candidate of the minority, he invited all the legisla tors, Democratic as well as Republicans, to the Trenton House, where the anxiety of the previous two hours was soon for gotten. is THIS THE END? London Rumor Says Kuro patkin Has Opened Ne gotiations With Oyania. _ LONDON, Jan. 28, 1005.—An amaz ing dispatch from St: Petersburg, which i the censorship has allowed to pass, de clares that Gen. Kuropatkin has opened negotiations with Field Marshal Oyania, commanding the Japanese forces. In a previous dispatch Gen. Kuropat kin notified the^ Czar^ that all bis troops could not be depended upon. Regiments from the provinces stub bornly refused to advance against the Japs. The Japanese pickets, who have kept in close touch with the enemy, have kept the Russians informed of the progress of the revolution in St. Petersburg and oth er cities. Ire this way they have sown the seed of discontent among Kuroifatkin’s army, among whom are two thousand of sol diers who sympathize with the people at home. Another St. Petersburg dispatch de clares that a high official of the Russian Ministry of Finance has admitted that tile government is thoroughly alarmed over the situation. This official declares that the Govern ment. recognizes that a constitution can no longer be withhold and that, the par ticipation of the people in the affairs of the country will have to be permitted pretty soon or the dynasty will be over thrown. The gravity of the situation is realized by all high Russian officials. The news from Gen. Kuropatkin’s headquarters has convinced all that the Russian commander considers liis position hopriess, and that with rebellious troops he cannot expect to win or even make a good showing in a general battle with Oyama’s forces' The fact that ho has taken the initative and opened negotiations with the enemy mukes the end of the war in the Far Easf a foregone conclusion. CHEERFUL IDIOT AT WORK •Some joker got in a fine little point in fonnwtioit with the aftermath of the recent Misstat'd. Noticing the huge banks of snow in frcm£ of the First National Bank, at Exchange Place and Hudson struct, the Second National Bank at Washington and Montgomery streets, and the New Jersey Title Gtramntee and Trust Qaavpany’* building in Mont gomery street, between Washington1 and Warren streets, he got placards printed, “This Bank For Bale." and stuck one in the suotv bank in front of each buiWiug abode mentioned. COL. L. T. BRYANT REPORTS As Commissioner of Labor He Tells the Governor What Has Been Done in 1904. FACTORY LAW SUPERVISION Manufacturers Evince a Desira to Comply With the Rules Laid Down. Governor Stokes has in hand Colonel L. T. Bryant’s report as Commissioner of Labor. Amongst other things it says:— 'Previous to September 1, 1903, the age limit for the employment of chil dren in the State was fourteen years for girls and twelve years for boys. From September 1, 1903, to September 1. 1901, the age limit was fourteen for both girls and boys. On September 1, 1904. the present law creating the Department of Labor wen t into effect and the age re mained fourteen for both girls and boys. The great difference between the present law relative to the employment of chil dren aiwl that which existed during the year previous is in the required proofs of age. Under the old law the unsup ported- affidavit by the parents of a ckihl i was sufficient protection to the manu facturer, and the practical workings of this requirement was unquestionably creating many cases of false swearing and placing a premium on perjury. The burden of the proof was entirely u-pon the department and before it cow'd ob tain conviction it was required to satisfy a court that the child was not fourteen years of age. It was also necessary under the old law to bring suit against the parents or custodian of a child for false affidavit. A fine was to be im posed by the court, but not to exceed $50. As frequently they were in destitute circumstances, it was difficult to bring a suit $ud obtain or collect satisfactory damages. One of'the greatest advantages of the present law is that the opportunity to prepare a false affidavit is reduced to the ittifillprlm. 'UntTfriTreTircseht system' the manufacturer is entitled to the same immunity from a suit for the employment of a child, provided he has first secured an affidavit from the parent or parents, supported by one of the required proofs of age, and that correct copies of all pa-, pers, certificates, passports and affidavits relating to such employment shall be mailed, postage prepaid, to the depart ment at Trenton, within twenty-four hours after the same are filed. He must also keep in the main office of his place a register in which shall be recorded the names, places of residence and time of employment of all such minors working under certificates, transcripts, passports or affidavits. For the purpose of proving their, age, children are divided into three classes “One—Native- born children. “The parent or parents must make af fidavit before an authorized officer that the child is past fourteen years of age, and must accompany such affidavit with a truirscript of the record of the child’s birth, duly attested by an officer author ized by law to keep records of births in the town or city in which the child was born. If no such birth record can be obtained, and the child was baptised, then a certified copy of the baptismal record of the church or parish in which such baptism took place, certified at a true copy and the affidavit shall set forth the age of the child at the time -f bap tism. Two—r oreign-born cniHiren. “An affidavit must be made stating the same facts as in tl)e case of native-born children together with a statement that that the child timed in the affidavit is the same mentioned and described in the passport under which the child was ad mitted to this country and a true copy of the old passport must be attached. ‘"Three—Other children. “The commissioner has power to issue permits of employment to children upon production of evidence of the child's age satisfied the child ennot obtain ny proofs of age above mentioned. “This third section is an important one in the proper management of the de partment. Among the rights under the law to be respected is that of a child which is over fourteen years of ge to work, and uness this latitude was per mitted a great many hardships would be entailed. On the other hand a too great laxity in the issuing of special permits would greatly retard the proper enforce ment of the law. ‘•The department insists before issuing such a permit that the evidence be pm- ! ditced showing an effort has been made I to obtain the proper records and that a factory inspector see the child personally and advise the department that it is in his judgment not only more than four ! teen years of age, lint also that it is in proper physical condition for employ ment, in factories. It will be seen that j a strict enforcement of the present law I on ■affidavits will largely do away with the evil of children under fourteen years of age working tinder false affidavits, a j common practise under the old law. Be- j fore the affilavit becomes operative, j proof of the child's age must have been j produced and the department at Trenton j apprised of the conditions by a duplicate set of papers which are tilled wi.'a it. The process has the additional advantage of securing: our assistance in protecting j YOO MAY NOT BE ABLE TO TRAVEL IN A BLIZZARD BUT YOU CAN TELEPHONE SERVICE IN YODR RESIDENCE At Less Than 10 CENTS PEE DAY ____________ • • '•'.tffijPgi New York & New Jersej Telephone Co,, 8 ERIE STREET JERSEY CITY TELEPHONE, 5156 JERSEY CITY. j|§ well-meaning manufacturer* by pointing | out the inaccuracies in the papers as they are filtsl with the department. Since the ] first day of September we have issued, largely upon request, SI .000 blank forms for affidavits composed partly of those for native and foreign-horn chil dren. “We have filed with us since that date approximately 3,000 affidavits made out on the new form. The labor law provides that all affidavits which were filed under the old act previous to the first day of last September have the same force and virtue as those comply ing with the new requirements. Con sidering this fact the number of affidavits received seem to indicate the desire on the part of the manufacturers to comply with the law. A number of these affi davits are not complete in all the details and we are insisting on a strict compli ance with the requirements of the law. Another wise section permits the de mand for proofs of age. Where the de partment finds a child working in a fac tory who is manifestly under age. but cannot obtain proof of the fact, we may demand a 'proof of age.’ In this case the custodian of the child must produce proof satisfactory to the department. Another important section empowers the department to demand a certificate of physical fitness. In many cases one child at twelve years of age is much better equipped for factory work than another child at fifteen. Where the physical condition of a child seems to indicate too frail a constitution to carry on the work required of it, we may de mand a physician that the child is strong enough for the work. “Befor^ making up the forms and blanks tor’ the operation of the depart ment we corresponded ww&qtractically all the factory departments in the. United States, and naturally secured a great mass of literature on the subject. We have adopted a system of blanks which, while not perfect, apparently covers every con dition. The inspectors are required to fill out in detail the inspection blanks, and they are in turn filed in the depart ment office. In this manner a history of each case can he found. The system has ■proven practically satisfactory, an! it is particularly effective in detecting cases of re-employment of children who have been discharged from one factory and re ceive employment in another. “While ignorance is never an excuse for the violation of the law, at the same time it is so frequently pleaded that we mailed to each manufacturer of the State a copy of the law prepared by the department in book form, containing an index pointing to the various heads of the act; a copy of both a native-born and foreign-bom affidavit: a summary of the new law for pasting in factories and a scale drawing of the proper fire-escape. They were accompanied by a letter call ing attention to certain saiient features and volunteering further assistance. These letters have brought on a very consider able amount of correspondence and show a disposition upon a large part of the manufacturers of the State to comply with the law. “A criticism has been made that at times when a child is taken from a fac tory, instead of going to school, it runs the streets. We have adopted a course of notification designed to obviate this evil. Orders are made for the discharge of a child from an order book in three sections. One is for the stub giving the description of the case; another contains a notice to the manufacturer to discharge the child within five days after the re ceipt of the order and the third is a re turn slip apprising the department of the date upon which the child left their em ploy. Each case is given a number, and a sister book is kept wherein the same number is used in each instance, and when a discharge notice is seat out a no tice is mailed to the nearest truant or other educational authority informing him that a child of a certain uame and address will be discharged from a mill cm a given date. While we have not the au thority to follow up a case further, at the same time the proper enforcement of the compulsory educational law insures the attendance at school. The department lms brought under the old law twenty three suits for the improper employment of children, and has secured uineteeu judgments, being successful in all but one case which have been finally disposed of at this time. Our present inspections certain!' indicate the fact that there are less children under focrteen years of age working in the factories of New Jersey than at any other time in the history of the department. Tlte crowded conditions of the schoolrooms shown by reports from various sections of the State would also hour out this <ionteutk>n. ‘•Tlip lan provides that aibdnnts may be made before officers qualified by law to take affidavits or other subjects and bv the factory inspectors. It is the pol icy of the department to have the affi davits taken, as far as possible by the inspectors, as they are better informed on the subject: and this practice also reduces the chances of ha vine the blank made out- by an unprincipled person who is looMits simply for his fee it* the ease. “Many persons are of the opinion that practically all the work of this'depart ment is eunfineiT in the enforcement ut the child labor law. While ilia: branch is a very important one. at the same time we are entrusted with the euforee nieiit of certain factory conditions, which are. in try mind, almost, if mo oniie. as important. The protection of emftloyi* from accidents arising from the improp er guarding of hoistways, hatchways, ele vators. well holes and dangerous machin ery. such as saw planers, cogs, gearing, belting, set screws. < :c. The provisions relative to the use of hoods and blower# over emery wheels and belts ate import ant. ivr [lio enforcement <►» i-nts tavr ■"« small parts of until which a;is • fr«;ti the list* of emery wheels are miniumed. It is an undisputed fact that tlio con tinuous use of the emery wheel without 41 loss! or blower is very detrimental to the health of the operator, in many eases producing consumption and. frequently affecting tin- eyesight. The department 'had not issued any blower orders pre vious to the first <my of November. 11.0 two first months during whk-h that law was in force being devoted tt> investi* jjatirg the < ond tiuns in factories in which grinding buffing and polishing were carried on. On account of the con siderable expense entailed in the instal lation of blowers it was deemed' iiet t» make this investigation a 'h.rrough one, rather than to issue orders which might subsequently be subject to modification. We are entrusted with tlm mf .reensont of sufficient ventilation throughout tl>« various tvorksli s , f the State. The sanitary arrangements of factories are also regulated by us. We 'arc called upon to see that separate and distinct water closets are provided for each st«x and that they shaii lie properly screeened. ventilated and kept clean, and also that separate approaches shall he provided for closets used by women. If Wrtmett or girls are employed a dressing-room shall be provided for them when ordered by the eommi-ssioner. A large amount of g tod work has beeen tione along these generally are gradually In routing im proved. "The regulation of sweatshops is an other section of the labor law. but in rite limited time that we have had a suffi cient number of inspectors to devote to the work we have not been able to go into tins branch to the extent that its importance demands. “The law requires suitable fire escapes to be erected on buildings where more than twenty-five employes are located higher than the second story. The style of the fire escape is specified in great de tail. and has been found in every way satisfactory. It calls for a strong, well made escape, but one which can be made by any competent ironworker, thus incur ring every degree of competition for their erection. We are making a special effort to provide suitable means of escape in case of fire in every factory in the State. "The present manner of conducting the affairs of the department is. 1 believe, greatly superior to the old system, when deputies issued their own orders and sup ervised their execution. Now the head of the department is held responsible for the acts of the deputies, whose duty it is to report facts as they find them, aeeom . panied by their suggestions ami recom mendations. If in his . judgment condi tion* warrant an order, it is issut-tl in proper form and the case is followed up systematically to see that it is obeyed. The new law lias been iu effect only ■ since the first of last September and a large number of deputies arc new. ^ It has naturally taken u< most nf this time to got down to a practical working bas.s. and no doubt proportionately better re sults will l>e obtained during the coming year. The conditions surrounding the employment of minors and fire protection changed so frequently within the past few years that, in my opinion, it is not advisable to attempt any lurcher legisla tion on these subjects until the present law is given a fair trial. to imkt* shops was not placed in th» hands of this department ami I think that the supervision of the hake shop conditions of the State should be handled !)>• the department of labor. ’ ’The enforcement nt proper *'re protec tion in places where the public congre gate in small towns of a Certain class, should, in my opinion, be regulated by this department, as in most cases no at tempt is made on the part of the munici pal authorities. “The department has endeavored to recognize and protect the various inter ests of the parties with whom it has to deal. While strictly enforcing the child labor law. nt the same time it has aimed to do so in such a maimer as to permit cverv child over fourteen years of age tiie rigid to work under the provision of the law. -it has also endeavored to administer provisions intended for the betterment of labor conditions in such a manner | ns to protect the undents We rights of capital, enforcing the law with a* little i inconvenience and hardship as possible to the manufacturers. We have been, able to acoatnpMk s number of good re-i suits without even (to neees*ity of an, order. Whenever possible, this cnm will be pursued, as it wri!4 be onr aing administer the act inaurieg the latoret# his just claims without any undue hards ship or inconvenience to the employer. "During the yeeir closing October 19<V4. the department inspected 1.788 manufacturing establishments, tusking, in addition to special vi*acs and ittapec tions. 2.404 regniar jns®eetkrus» Ther* were 272 orders issued and 397 children discharged as lieiow the iegfll age. ' I This Is an Important dstly question. l*t us answer it to-day. Try Jell-O, America’s most j popular dessert. Received Highest Av.ar'1., Gold Medal, World’s Fair, 9t. Louis. UOi.