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Bridgeton Pioneer. McCOWAN & NICHOLS, Editors and Publishers. 'W to the line, let the chips fall where the, ~ =±= TERMS *, so o r~ ~7~« "" - -- - •» i i c.tvMb, al.oO per year, in advance, VOL. XXXVI. _BRIDGETON, N. J„ THURSDAY, JANUARY 31,1884. NQ ^ ff ljc pioneer. 81*50 I’erYear. Published every Thursday mominir, at No 00 East Commerce Street, (up stairs.) McCOWAN & NICHOLS, Publishers. '* _JL_ - STATE NEWS. A Burlington florist is sending to Philadelphia daily from 3,000 to 5,000 violets. Prisoners in the Morris County jail are now compelled to saw wood and break stone during their confinement. Twenty thousand tons of tomatoes, it is said, were put up by fourteen Salem County factories during the season. At Paulsboro, a few days since, four teen hogs, aggregating 5,354 pounds, were slaughtered and dressed within ninety minutes. Hunderdon County’s peach crop for 1893 was about 730,200 baskets; twenty per cent, less than in 1882, when 1,049-, 000 baskets were marketed. J. M. Riley, of Shirley, Salem Coun ty, has lost, up to date, forty-two heads of hogs and pigs. The neighbor ing farmers, too, have lost more or less. Cholera is believed to be the ailment. James Pox, of Jersey City, the Del aware, Lackawanna and Western Ex press driver, who stole a package con taining $1,000, was sentenced, on Thursday, to eighteen months in State At Carleston Springs, Monmouth County, a few clays ago, a teakettle of boiling water fell from the stove, se verely scalding about the face and neck Austin Ely, the six-vear-okl son of G. A. Ely. The annual report of the Burlington County Agricultural Society shows re ceipts amounting to $29,785.73; for ex penses, $17,955.46; in premiums, $9, 804.75 was expended, leaving a balance on hand of $2,025.52. It is proposed to hold a reunion of the Twenty-ninth Regiment of New Jersey Volunteers, at Freehold, on the occasion of the unveiling of the Mon mouth Battle Monument. The Twen ty-ninth was almost wholly recruited in Monmouth County. Irwin Steno,a young married man of Jersey City, while walkingfrom Newark one night recently, where he had been in search of employment, was struck and killed by a Pennsylvania Railroad train. His wife is friendless and pen niless. Chief of Police Matlack is making a tour of all the saloons in Camden, closing those that have had their li censes refused by Council, and notify ing those who have failed to take out, the license granted that they must do so immediately. A few days ago .T. It. Hadley caught three pickerel in Lake Hopatcong bv fishing through the ice, that weighed over 27 pounds. The three lines were in the water over night with snap hooks to each, and he had to cut them out 1U me morning. me largest lisll weighed 10£ pounds. At the annual meeting of the State Horticultural Society, at Camden, on Thursday of last week, the following officers were elected: President, T. F. Baker, of Bridgeton; Secretaries, E, Williams, of Montclair, and J. T. Lovatt, of Little Silver; Treasurer, Charles Jones, of Essex County. Ann Devine, an old lady, fell on the sidewalk in Newark, a few days ago, and injured herself so badly that, it, was found necessary to remove her to the hospital. Although she has been pleading extreme poverty among her neighbors for many months, $700 were found sewed up in her petticoats. In order to encourage and invite cap ital to that community, the city of Egg Harbor,. Atlantic County, has offered a live years’ exemption from taxes to any firm or individual who will invest not less than $5,000 in the city, and to j such capitalists land within the city limits will be deeded for a nominal consideration. Egg harbor City was chartered in 1858, and has about a,000 population. It is a wine-growing and beer brewing district. The Burlington County Agricultural Society, at its recent meeting, adopted a resolution favoring the teaching of the principles of scientific agriculture in the public schools. Joshua Forsyth reported that his corn crop had aver aged 80 bushels to the acre; II. J. Irick, 05 bushels. The average crop was 50 bushels to the acre. A new variety of wheat, the Diamond Hock, has been planted by the farmers, as neither the Fultz nor Mediterranean is satisfactory. Large numbers of wild geese have been spending the Winter in the Dela ware in the coves near Collins’ Beach and Bombay hook. They are said to be more in number than they have been for twenty years past. It is no uncommon thing for them to appear in the bay in Winter, but heretofore they have been found principally on the Salem County side of the bay. James Duflield, proprietor of the j grist mill at Dealtown,near Centreville, Salem County, was found Saturday morning in an unconscious condition on the floor of his mill near the water wheel, and we learn that he is dead at this writing. It is thought that he was caught in the machinery and could not save himself. Mr. Duflield is about 45 years of age and leaves a wife and children. Mrs. Mary G. lliil, a noted temper ance advocate, and president of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union of Newark, died at her home recently. She was eighty-one years of age and was born at Caldwell. Her husband died ten years ago. A member of the Methodist Episcopal church, she was zealous in religious and charitable work. The first president of the Tem perance Union, she became distin guished throughout the State for her zeal and energy in temperance work, the title of “Mother Hill” being given to her. One of her sons, Rev. J. B. Hill, has charge of the Methodist Book Concern at San Francisco. As to the Monmouth Battle Monu ment, the Freehold Democrat says: “It was expected the entire foundation would be completed last fall, ready to receive the cut granite in early Spring. The storms, cold and other causes re tarded work so that a few more days will be required to finish it then. The walls have been thatched with straw and well covered with earth. The central part, sixteen feet in diameter, has been covered in the same manner, and over that is placed a conical roof to shed the rain and snow storms. Work upon it lias been suspended until next Spring. The granite blocks for the monument are being cut in the quarries at Quincy, Mass., preparatory to early shipment.” Mary Hardyman, a pretty young girl, living at No. 43 Madison avenue, on Jersey City Heights, returned home recently, so frightfully disfigured as hardly to be recognized. Her face had been pounded to a jelly, her eyes had swollen shut and she could not see. She said that Dennis McNulty, of Washington street, New York, who was formerly paying attention to her, had inflicted the injuries upon her. He was arrested but protested his in nocence and was taken to the girl's bedside. “Mary, who beat you? tell the truth,” lie said. She answered: “It was you.” He was taken back to police headquarters and held. He continued to declare his innocence, to say that it was a mistake, and further that he had not seen the girl for six months. uu weunesaay ot last week, the body of a man, apparently dead for a long time, was found in the field on Whit ney's farm, near the depot, Glassboro. The corpse was much wasted by ex posure, but was evidently that of a colored man of advanced age. Being nearly burled fn snow and ice, it had to be chopped loose. On the follow ing day the remains were recognized as Charles Stevens, who had been miss ing from his home at Vorktown, Sa lem county, since the first of last December. Coroner Justice was sum moned and an inquest held. Some persons think they remember seeing Stevens in Glassboro, on the Sunday after he was missing from home; if they tire correct, the body has prob ably been lying there six or seven weeks. A novel question has arisen in Wood bury, in Gloucester County, where a majority of the school trustees de cided that in the future, school chil dren shall be prohibited from wearing rubber boots in school, and that the boys shall not be allowed to tuck their pants in their boots during school hours. Some of the scholars refused to abide by the decision, and were sus pended, against the consent of Surro irute Livermore, who sided with the scholars. The parents of the children, thinking the trustees had overstepped the bounds of their jurisdiction in dic tating to taxpaying citizens what their children should wear to school, en gaged the services of a lawyer, and were about to take the matter to the supreme Court, when the trustees met md decided to reinstate the suspended scholars and to allow the wearing of . inything for a month to allow time to sonsider the matter. THE CLASSIFICATION ACT. By act of the Legislature of last year the counties of the State are divided into four classes “for the purposes of legislation.” Counties of the first class are those having more than 150,000 in habitants; of the second class those with not less than50,000, nor more than 150,000; third class, not less than 20,000 nor more than 50,000; fourth class, all not embraced in the others. The coun ties are classified as follows:— First Class—Essex and Hudson. Second Class—Burlington, Camden, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Passaic and Union. Third Class—Bergen, Cumberland, Gloucester, Hunterdon, Salem, Somer set, Sussex and Warren. Fourth Class—Atlantic, Cape May and Ocean. The cities of the State are classified for the same purpose. The first class are those of more than 100,000 inhabi tants; second class, not less than 10,000 nor more than 100,000; third class “shall consist of all cities in this State not, empraced within either the first or second class, except cities binding upon [the Atlantic ocean, and being seaside or Summer resorts;” the fourth class; all those binding upon the At lantic oceau and “being seaside or Summer resorts.” They are classified as follows: First Class—Newark and Jersey City. Second Class—Paterson, Camden, Hoboken, Trenton, Elizabeth, New Brunswick and Orange. Third Class—Bayonne, Bridgeton, i iainneld, Millville, Phillipsburg, Har rison, Passaic, Rahway, Burlington, Union, Morristown, Gloucester City, Salem, Perth Amboy, Bordentown, Lambertville, Belleville, Dover. New ton, Hackettstown, Boonton, Wood bury, Hammonton.Belvidere, Beverly, Egg Harbor City, Guttenberg,Clinton, Absecom. Fourth Class—Atlantic City and Cape May. Boroughs are classified as follows: First Class—Chauibersburg and Princeton. Second Class—South Orange, Wash ington, Irvington, Asbury Park. Third Class—Haddonfield, Hights town, Frenehtown, Pemberton, River side, Fieldsborough, Merchantville, Cape May Point. There are a considerable number of important towns and villages, incor porated under special acts, not in cluded under this classification. They are as follows: Bound Brook.Fleinington, Freehold, Keyport, Metuchen, Matawan, Mont clair, Mount Holly, Red Bank, Somer ville, Washington (Middlesex County), Long Branch, Ocean Grove. ■•ffl-w ii ■«nn—m,,»iMuro»iciai In the town of Newport, eighteen miles from Bangor,Maine, John Spauhl ing shot his wife at 8 o'clock, Friday morning, and then shot himself in tlm head. He died instantly. The woman may possibly recover. The tragedy occurred at we nouse of Win. Mut thews, the father of Mrs. Spaulding. She had left her husband on account of his abuse of her. Spaulding ar rived in Newport at night, and wanted his wife to go away with him. She refused to do so, and in the morning he went to the house and shot her in the head, he having purchased a new pistol for t^ie purpose. Spaulding is about 45 years of age, and has been married several years. He was in the army, where he received two or three wounds. Though entitled to a pen sion, he would never apply for one. He leaves four or five children all of whom are young. _______________ The reports of the fifty-fourth New Jersey Baptist State Convention, and ' of the fifty-sixth annual meeting of the | New Jersey Baptist Educational So ciety, show that there are in New .Ter 1 sey IT!) Baptist churches, with 153 or dained pastors and forty-live ministers not pastors. The membership of the j churches is 33,016. and there were 3,033 conversions during the year, i The State convention received contri- I butions of $3,900 which was expended in aiding weak churches and helping L° support twenty-four missionaries, who baptised 134 converts. The edu cational society spent $3,000 in aiding students for the ministry. A Detroit River fisherman says that lie pike of the Straits is a very destruc ■ive fish. One that was recently speared had swallowed another pike, u'd that pike had swallowed a perch. Among the stained glass windows hat have arrived from France for St. l olin’s Church in the city of Washing on is one ordered by President Arthur is a memorial to his deceased wife. A MAN IN WOMEN’S CLOTHES. A dispatch from Winchester, Vir ginia. says that Elizabeth Rebecca 1 ayne, a child of the late Joseph Payne, who has lived in Winchester for thirty-eight years as a woman, a few days ago startled the clerk of the County Court here by applying for a license to marry a Miss Hinton, wdio had lived in the Payne family as a servant. Payne was one of a family of five or six children, and although a male child, was brought up as a wo man, a- 1 was admitted into the best society in company with the other membe s of the family. He was al ways regarded as a somewhat mascu line giii, but no one ever suspected that he was a man. He was a graceful and dashing rider, and always chal lenged admiration as he frequently rode into Winchester with his habit and somewhat long hair trailing in the wind. In addition to good birth, he developed remarkable talent for a woman when reverses in the family fortune rendered it necessary for some one to assist. His sisters were distin guished for their culture and personal charms, and several of them married prominent men. Payne devoted him self to t,he management of a farm and to the supervision of a store which he had established at Rest, wdiere he also held the appointment of postmistress. He also dealt in cattle and horses and became an expert in that way. All his enterprises prospered, and he has ac quired considerable wealth. -L>eieriniimig to marry, ne threw off his dresses and applied for a license from the court at Winchester, but the astonished clerk, who, like everybody else, knew him as a woman, declined to issue a license for a woman to marry a woman. When Payne proved his sex by producing the certificate of Dr. W. Maguire, of Winchester, license was still refused on the ground that Vir ginia law compels a man to have given names which show his sex before he can act as a man before the law. Payne then determined to have his name changed at the March term of the Circuit Court. No explanation has been offered as to why he masqueraded so long as a woman. Kumor has it that Payne and his sweetheart went to West Virginia and were married, but this lacks confirmation. A LIBERAL CORPORATION. The facts presented in Governor Ab bott’s inaugural address in regard to the relations of the Pennsylvania Rail road Company to the State in the manner of taxation, will be rather surprising to those who have cherished an unreasoning prejudice towards that corporation. Of the total amount of railroad taxation paid by the railroad companies last year, aggregating $677, 557.75, the Pennsylvania Company paid $898,138.96, or within a trifle of 45 per cent. of the whole amount, while the Jersey Central, that was recently leased to the Reading at 6 per cent, on a valuation of $60,000,000, paid only Afnrpiis R’cn,,-. 30.G per cent,, and all the others com bined 17.8 per cent. The truth is that the Pennsylvania Railroad Company pays tax upon the full cash value of its property in this State. Its total taxes, paid in various ways, amount to fully three-fourths of one per cent, a year upon this full cash value, which is quite equal to the taxable burdens born by other species of property. The average taxes paid in this State as shown by the last cen sus amounted to about one and a half per cent., upon an average valuation throughout the State of not a bit more than fifty cents on the dollar. It is due to this great corporation that the public should know these facts. It gives the people of New Jersey better and more liberal service than any other company, and pays twice as much tax in proportion to the value of its property. The rancorous hatred with which some people assail it is grossly unjust.—State Gazette. There is a time muddle in Louisville, Kentucky. The banks will not recog nize standard time until the Mayor officially declares it the time of the city; some of the scholars are kept on old time and others on standard time, and, although the railroad companies run trains on the new time, they re quire their employees to work on the old hours. Rebecca Moore, who died at Mulliea Hill about two years ago, was the last of a remarkable family. They con sisted of nine children, born between .lie years 1773 and 17DG. Their average ige at death was 83 years, 8 months md 33$ days. They all lived and died n the vicinity of Mulliea Hill, and with two exceptions died in the same order of time as their births occurred. ' RECKLESS COASTING. A dispatch from Waynesboro, Pa., says: “Second street, in this city, is precipitous, and is consequently a favored resort for coasters, who, for the past two weeks, have thronged its declivity at all hours of the day and night. On Saturday night last, a bob sled, fourteen feet long, was started from the top of the hill loaded with thirteen passengers, all young men. The surface was smooth, and the sled had not proceeded more than a few hundred yards on its journey of half a mile, when the velocity became so great that all the pedestrians stopped to watch its flight. In a few minutes . the downward journey convinced 1 , everybody that the thirteen foolhar. passengers would not reach the bottom alive. A erv went up from the specta tors, which was re-echoed in the wake | of the flying sled, all down the hillside. When half the distance had been trav ersed, every passenger lost his hat. anil they were all seen to lean their heads forward, unable to draw their breath. The man steering, Jos. Addlesburger, | aged thirty, evidently lost control of the sled, as the speed was so great that he could not see where he was going. With his head held well forward, arms j clutching the wheel, he made deter mined efforts to control the avalanche j on which he was seated, but without success. A few hundred yards and it I darted toward the sidewalk as Annie j Parran attempted to cross the street, i Addlesburirer cave the wheel a twist. | and the sled turned partly sidewise. The young woman was struck with a terrific force and thrown at least twen ty feet through the air. A heavy J market basket she carried, protected her partially from the blow, and she fell into an immense pile of snow. She ; escaped death, although her body was ; terribly bruised and cut. One of her | legs was broken. The sled continued on its mad race 1 for about 200 yards, when it again veered toward the sidewalk. A cry went up from the gazing multitude as it dashed into a heavy oaken hitching post planted near the curbstone. The fore part of the sled was shattered, all its occupants thrown off, auu the post cut away like a pipe-stem. The shat tered timber flew in every direction, j and the sled continued several yards, ; when it came to a stop against the : front of a brick house. The thirteen i men were flung in every direction, and when picked up, Addlesburger, the pilot, and Daniel Johnson, Thomas Springman and Michael Dolbar were j thought to be fatally injured. Addles i burger had his face crushed beyond | I recognition. Johnson, aged forty-five, i had both legs broken and was injured internally. Springman and Dolbar \ | were also hurt internally. They can- i not live more than twenty-four hours. The remaining nine persons, who oe i cupied the rear seats, escaped with injuries from which they will doubtless recover. The flight of the sled down j the hill, it is thought, did not last one uumuc, 1 " The world is full of curious people j who commit all sorts of actions. Here i is Miss Bertha Deidmuller, of Wil- ! liamsburg, Long Island, fourteen years of age. She is a somnambulist. One night a short time since she was found asleep on the slat of a grape arbor, where she had climbed from her win dow. She was resting with her head against one of the arbor posts, and her crossed feet propped against another post, murmuring, “Mother; come, mother." Her father says that last Summer he found her on the roof of the house twice, both times asleep, and both times leaning against the chim ney and gazing at the moon, murmur ing, “Mother; come, mother.” Her1 mother died about a year ago. At Fall River, Mass., one night re cently, Mrs. Charles P. Stiokney had been saturating a carpet with naphtha preparatory to laying it over another j one. While laying down this carpet the stove leg came off and she pro cured a naphtha lamp to And it. There was an explosion, and she was imme diately enveloped in flames. She ran from one room to another, and fell at the head of the stairs dead from in- i haling the flames. Mr. Stickney’s clothing, in his efforts to save his wife, also caught Are. His hands are ter ribly burned, and he may lose the use of them. Mr. 1). R. Locke (A'asby), who is writing letters from the South, says: “If I was twenty-live years old, and had $1000 to start life with, I had rather risk my chances in Atlanta than any city in the xvorld. The four best cities in this country are Toledo, Kan sas City, Minneapolis and Atlanta.” i A STATE PRISON IN FLAMES. A lire broke out in tire Prison at Still water, Minn., at 11.45 on Friday night last, and in spite of every effort all the buildings were destroyed. The pris oners, including the Younger brothers, were taken out and placed under a strong guard in the yard. The loss is $10,000. At 1 o,clock it became evident that the prison was doomed, and Com pany K of the State militia was called upon to assist in removing the convicts. About 330 inall were shackled together by means of long line chains a ;d re moved to different points in the prison grounds. The convicts were trans ferred with little trouble and were put under guard. Ihe Are was marked by an act of great heroism by George 1*. Dodd, of Stillwater, a member of Company K. Immediately after the convicts hat! been removed a cry was raised that a man was confined in cell No. 200. Dodd rushed into the building, and was lost to view by a column of blind ing smoke. In less time than it can be recorded he had reached the cell of the convict, who proved to be a new man in the prison, and in a few' min utes he returned with the rescued prisoner. The convicts have been housed com fortably in an adjoining foundry, with plenty to eat, and are thoroughly guarded by militiamen. It will be some time before the prison can be re placed and be made tenantable, and during the interim some disposition ninef .l.. _ e . -- Hie UU11VU5t». VtOV. Hubbard, who is on the ground, has telegraphed to Minneapolis and St. Paul asking how many the county jails in the two cities can accommodate, and also the State Prison at Waupuni to make arrangements for the incar ceration of the Youngers and other important convicts, as the county jails are usually too untrustworthy. The Washington county jail has accommo dationsfor 12 only, and the question as to what disposition can be made of the convicts is a puzzling one. Mr. Frederick Douglass, Recorder of Deeds for the District of Columbia, and formerly United States Marshal under President H ayes, and well known as a colored politician, was married on Thursday evening last, to Miss Helen M. Pitts, a white lady about 30 years old, formerly a resident of Avon, N. \., who has been a copyist for sev eral years in the office of Mr. Douglass. The ceremony was performed by Rev. Francis J. Grirnke, pastor of the Fif teenth Street Presbyterian Church (colored.) at his residence, No. 1608 R street. There were present, besides the contracting parties, only two wit nesses. The first wife of Mr. Douglass, who was a colored woman, died about a year ago. Mr. Douglass is T3 years of age and has daughters as old as his present wife. The young lady is said to be quite attractive and of medium build, her distinguishing characteristic ___ i . ~ suit vi oiacK, curl iug hair. It. is said that the marriage is illegal, from the fact that there is a law which prevents miscegenation. It is understood the family of Miss Pitts are much exercised over the marriage, and that they will try to have it de clared null and void. J. Waxasiaker's Movement.—The Philadelphia Press says: ‘ John Wana inaker is, without doubt, the most sensational, unseusational man in the country. In his person reserved though genial, in his advertisements, which read as no others do, without display, and in his whole business con duct severely undemonstrative, some how lie is more talked about than any otlier man in Philadelphia, and, with all his quiet ways, people are on the qui vin to know what he is going to do next. The ‘next,’ this time, is a clear ance sale of nearly $2,000,000 worth of goods at a large reduction. The big advertisement of to day will hardly be overlooked. (Treat destitution prevails unions the miners at work in the ore beds in Lower Macunzie, Lehigh county, Pa. and along the East Pennsylvania Hail road. Their pay has recently been cut down from seventy-live to sixty live cents per day, and now the store keepers refuse to give them the usual monthly credit, demanding cash pay ments. The contractors operating the mines say that the reduction was necessitated by the fall in the price of iron. Only a few of the mines are in operation, and as a result hundreds of miners are idle. Beer brewed in 1883: In New York 3it-v, 3,239,000 barrels; in Philadelphia, 1,023,000; in Milwaukee, 980,200: in St. Louis, 943,000; in Brooklyn, 836,1X10; in Chicago, 076,000.