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OFFICIAL PAPER. Published every Thursday morning, at No. CO East Commerce Setret, (up-stairs,' This paper is entered at the Post Oflh'e at. Bridgeton,N. J.,as second-class r.latter McCOWAN & KIOfiOLS. Editors. Bridgeton, N. J., March Gth, 1884. REPUBLICAN STATE CONVEN TION. The Republican electors of New Jersey, and all other voters, without regard to past political difference^, who are in favor of elevating and dignifying American labor, protecting and ex tending home industries, giving free popular education to the masses of people, securing free suffrage and an honest counting of ballots, effectually protecting all human rights in every section of our common country, and who desire o promob* friendly feeling and permanent harmony throughout the land bv maintaining a National government pledged to these ob jects and principles, are requested to send dele gates to a State Convention, to be held at TAV LOR HALL, in the city of Trenton, on THURS DAY, THE ITTII OF APRIL, at 12 o'clock noon, for the purpose of electing four delegates at large to the Republican National Convention which will assemble at Chicago on June 3d next, for the nomination of c andidates for President and Vice President, to bo supported at. the next general election. The basis of representation under this call will be one delegate for each two hundred Republican vote's cast at the last Presidential election, and one delegate for each fraction thereof exceeding one hundred votes; provided that every township, ward and pre cinct, legally defined as such (as in Jersey City), shall be represented by at least one delegate. Under the rules prescribed by the National Republican Committee, the Republicans of each Congressional district have the option of elect ing their delegates to the National Convention tricts within fifteen days next, prior to the meet ing of the State Convention, or as sub-divisions of such State Convention, but the practice in this State having uniformly been to select the district delegatos at the same time as the dele gates at large, it is recommended that this usage be adhered to, and that the delegates to the State Convention from the several Congres sional districts, meeting as distinctive Congres sional Conventions in Trenton on the day of the State Convention, elect two delegates each to the National Convention. Ily order of the Republican State Committee, GARRET A. HOBART, Chairman. JOHN Y. FOSTER, Secretary. EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE. Trenton, March 4. 1884. The Legislature commenced the ninth week of its session Monday even ing. There was but little of interest transacted in either House. In the Assembly, resolutions con gratulating Assemblyman Wildricks, of Warren County, on attaining his eighty-iirst birthday, were adopted. Mr. Wildricks is a remarkable man in many respects. He has attained an age seldom equaled, and is yet in ex cellent health, notwithstanding his years. Many years ago he served two terms in the Congress at Washington, and to-day is serving a second term as a Member of Assembly. He is a man of fine judgment, and is greatly loved by his associates in the House. In honor of Mr. Wildricks’ eighty-first birth-day a supper was tendered him by his fellow-members. The affair came off at the American House, and the principal dish was eels, to which those present did ample justice. Dur ing the evening the veteran legislator was presented with a handsome gold headed cane, the gift of many friends. The Gardner Oyster bill slumbers in the Fisheries Committee of the Senate, and will probably remain there until vlut Jtvcu xiuui s U1 blit session. >V lien It does come out it will be killed as dead as a hammer. Both political parties have named the date for their State Conventions. Tile Republicans have selected April 17th, as the date. The Democratic State Executive Committee met at the Trenton Douse on Monday even ing and named May 14th as the day upon which the Democracy shall as semble to elect delegates to represent them at Chicago. Mr. Nichols has introduced a bill amendatory of the act concerning public instruction, which, if it be comes a law, will effectually settle the question whether County School Su perintendents have the right to vote on the adoption of text books in the school districts. There is nothing new concerning the Common Pleas Judgeship. It is re ported that the Governor will refuse to send any more nominations to the Senate until the last week of the ses sion, and then forward them all in a lump. Another resolution came to the Sen ate from the House Monday evening, asking for a Joint Meeting. It went to defeat the same as its predecessors, by a strict party vote, A canvass of the members of the Legislature gives Mr. Blaine a long lead of all other candidates for the Republican nomination for President. Last year's bill to increase the salar ies of the County School Superinten dents has appeared in a new form.— The feeling in the Senate seems to be against it, but the bill may finally pass through the efforts of State School Superintendent Apgnr, who is actively advocating it. An important case has just been decided at Toledo, Ohio, in the Police Court. Robert Bailey, colored, some weeks ago was married to a young white woman. Under the statutes of Ohio, the marriage or cohabitation of white persons with those having the least taint of African blood is made a criminal act. On complaint being made, Bailey was arrested and tried in the Police Court for the of fence. He was convicted and sen tenced to pay a fine of $100 and costs, and to be imprisoned three months. His consul entered a motion at once for a new trial, and gave bail for a hearing of the case at the next term of the Court of Common Pleas. It is said that there are over 100 Africans married to white women in the city, and another hundred living with white women without having been married to them. There is only one white man in Toledo living with a black woman. He is married to her. and seems as much attached to her as though she were of purest Anglo-Saxon blood. The authorities are awaiting the re sult of Bailey's case, which is to be j made a test case of the constitution alitv of the law. before nroeeedinr> to break the bonds already formed be tween the whites and blacks of the State. The white girl in the Bailey case has been sentenced to the work house for a long term, having no means with which to pay her line. A gentleman who called upon the President on Friday last, stated to him that certain subordinate officers of the Post Office Department in a Western State, had expressed a fear of removal in case they advocated his renomina tion, because the Senator who con trols the patronage of that State is himself a candidate for the Presidency and claimed their allegiance and as sistance. The President said he was surprised to hear this, and hoped it was not true. He believed that every citizen, whether he was in an official position or not, was entitled to the right and privilege to freely express his preference and work for the nomi nationof his favorite, so far as he could do so without interference with his official duties. He further said that every employe of the Government should be protected in the exercise of the widest political liberty. 2vo post master or other official had the right to dictate to any subordinate what he should do or whom he should favor for the Presidencv or any other office. Every Post Office clerk or carrier had the same privilege, of favoring and working for the candidate lie prefered that his superior officer had, and would in all cases be protected in the exercise of that privilege. In 18G0, sixty-six per cent, of our ex ports and imports were carried in American vessels. In 1882, only fif teen per cent. In 18G0, about fifty six per cent, of the tonnage entering British ports was in British vessels. In 1882, seventy-one per cent. Our merchant marine is steadily decreasing —that of Great Britain is steadily in creasing. Our total American tonnage, steam and sail, engaged in foreign trade is about one million, two hun dred and sixty thousand tons, while the ships belonging to the United Kingdom have a tonnage of about ten million, five hundred thousand. The worth of our shipping is less than one hundred and fifty million dollars, while the total shipping of Great Britain is worth one billion, two hundred and fifty million dollars. Our decadence as a moral power is due to three causes —the rebel privateers in the Civil War, the substitution of iron and steel ves sels for wooden, and the American tariff, which last makes labor and ma terial so costly that our ship-builders cannot compete on equal terms with those of England anil Scotland. The Monmouth Democrat is solidly and consistently a free trade paper, and it is not to be shaken in its views by the Protectionists who assume to sail under the Democratic (lag. The Democrat says: “The Democratic party is not the exponent for Protec tion, and that fact cannot be changed by all the State Legislatures in the country. All the Randalls and McPhersons and Eerrels and Fiedlers in the wide universe cannot ‘resolve’ the Democratic party into the advo cacy of principles of political economy now already represented ably and ef ficiently by a stalwart political organ ization. To do it will be only to ‘re solve’ the Democratic party out of ex istence.” There has been considerable excite ment in the quinine market in Pliila., in consequence of the great fire at the factory of Powers & Weightman. The price of the drug, which has been only in moderate demand for some time past, jumped from $1.40 to $1,80 per ounce. The foreign article, which had been quoted ns low as $1.10 per ounce, went up to $1.50. WHAT FREE TRADE MEANS. Mr. Robert P. Porter is writing a series of articles on the tariff, for the Philada., Press. They are able and interesting. In Monday's edition of that journal, Mr. Porter concludes a very strong article as follows: “Our manufactured goods come chiefly from Great Britain, Portugal. Germany, Austria, Italy, Spain, Hoi, land. France, Belgium and Scandina via. In these countries over 81,000. 000 men and voiarii are engaged in manufacturing, m nanical and min ing pursuits. It would be safe to say that the average . nnual income of these millions does int exceed £4 a week or £200 a year. Unless they em igrate to the United id ,.es they have no hope to rise above the condition into which they were born. The official returns of these coun tries bring out the astonishing fact that over S,000.000 persons, a number exceeding one-third of the industrial population, are returned as paupers and that annually the taxpayers, al ready burdened with the cost of im mense standing armies have to pay the enormous sum of £150,000,000 to prevent these people from dying of starvation. Of this amount, be it re membered, Free-trade Great Britain alone contributes over one-third or £50,260,000. So terrible has the tight for existence become in these coun tries. that every year thousands, who can, scrape together a few dollars and leave their homes in the Old World and cast their lot with us on this side of the Atlantic. From the British Isles alone during the last ten vears have come 1,333,347, and from the other nations of Europe 3.359,463, making a total of 3,693,715, equalling almost in point of number the population of the kingdom of Holland. With the same environments, the same institutions to bring into play their higher man hood, the citizens of the republic ex tend a welcome hand to this tremen dous army of immigrants, and. so long as this is not abused, ns is the ease of the Chinese, it is right and just we should. But, working-men of America, whether you were born here or not, you are not ready to extend this same privilege of competition to citizens of other nations: to men who i are living in different surroundings, 1 who have not been educated up to [ your plane of thinking: who are con tent to slave through life as their fathers and grandfathers have done before them, who are chained to the forge, the mine, the loom, the priest and the ruler, without hope and with out future. Yet this is what Free Trade, or the denationalization of the United States, demands of you. And now a word for woman. In European countries she has to bear the double burden of motherhood and labor. I have seen her in Free-trade England round the mouth of the coal pit and iron mine: I have seen her working ‘‘Olivers,-’ making bolts: at the anvil making nails and chains; in the brickfields with bare feet and arms, carrying clay and bricks; on the continent I have seen her hitched up with dogs; I have seen her filling blast-furnaces; working in the fields; in fact doing the work of a man. Sta | tistics will help us a little here. Turn to the census of Free-trade England and you will find that 65,000 women are engaged in coal mining, clay-work ing and the manufacture of iron and steel. Of the 6,373,367 persons returned in 1331 as engaged in industrial pursuits in England and Wales, 1,578,189 were women. Of the 8,837,112 so returned in the United States only 632,983 were wmnon Of thiu n innlxnt* fKn fact lire of tobacco, boots and shoes, clothing, woolen, worsted, cotton or silk goods, hosiery, millinery, carpets, fancy boxes, hats and caps, printing, bookbinding and canning fruits em ploy about 400,000, and the miscellane ous industries the remainder. But few or any are engaged in manual la bor. At present we are not obliged to graduate our girls as fillers of blast furnaces and makers of bricks. The labor of woman has not yet been de graded, and so long as the labor of our country is protected, so long will the head of the family be able to earn enough money to support his wife and family; and, while diversified indus tries have given women in America a chance to supplement man in his struggle for a livelihood, the demand for cheap commodities has not yet un sexed her and compelled her to desert the home and the fireside and labor in the field and the mine, little better than the beast of burden.” The statement of the United States Treasurer shows gold, silver and United States notes in the Treasury Monday as follows: Gold coin and bul lion, $221,881,033; silver dollars and bullion, $131,742,312; fractional silver coin, $28,490,907; United States notes, $07,002,310. Total, $419,777,102. Cer tificates outstanding; Gold, $07,843,330; silver, $95,247,721; currency, $18,125,000. The Director of the Mint has pre pared the following statement, showing the gain in gold and silver coin and bullion in the United States from July 1, 1883, to January 1, 1884: Gold coin, $15,542,820; gold bullion, $10,152,275; silver coin, $14,192,905; silver bullion, $52,15*; total, $39,940,217; total gain in gold coin and gold bullion, $25,095,095. THE SOUTHERN TORNADO. The great tornado of the 19th nit., in South Carolina, assumed the pro portions of a disaster in no less than sixteen of the thirty-four counties of that State, viz, Abbeville, Anderson, Aiken, Barnwell, Chester, Olarvllle, Lancaster, Lexington, Spartanburg, Newberry, Morion, and Williamsburg. Three distinct tornadoes entered Ha state from (ieorgia one passingalong tile boundary line between Barnwell and Aiken counties, one the boundary line between Edgefield and Abbeville, and one striking about the middle of Anderson county. As accounts come in from remote points, the disasters swell in proportion. Many singular incidents and accidents and miracu lous escapes are reported. A trust worthy man from Aiken county who suffered severe losses says that the roof of his barn was taken o!Tami the dry fodder caught up in the whirlwind. As it was being carried round and round, a sheet of lightning passed through it, ignited tiie fodder, and for the distance of one mile the cloud ap peared to be a massive sheet of flame. He describes tliis scene as grand be yond conception. He narrowly es caped being caught up in the flames, and his face was badly burned. B. T. Williamson of the same county, who lost everything he had, was caught under his house by the falling timber and had his collar bone broken. A pocketbook containing was blown out of a trunk. He found $(> of the money out in the woods, but the pocketbook could not be found. .T I1 Afnnrln\* whn livoc naoe sor, seven miles from the track of the storm, was surprised the next morn ing to find his fields strewn with cloth ing. bedding, portions of a buggy, and many other articles. In the neighborhood of Shelton, Fairfield county, the scene beggars description. The large and costly res idence of C. K. Rabb was shaken from its foundation and damaged to the extent of several thousand dollars. Twenty-five tenant houses on Rabb's place were utterly demolished, and the debris sweptawav. Threenegroes were instantly killed, and a number of others escaped with broken limbs, bruised heads, and mangled bodies, some of whom are expected to die. One of the men on the premises dur ing the storm says that he was taken up into the bosom of the storm and carried through a dense forest of trees a distance of 150 yards before touch ing land. He was considerably hurt, but is now slowly recovering. Ten or twelve lives were lost by the storm, and the property loss in the county will range between $50,000 and $75,000. Martin Mingo, a colored man of Midway, weighing 200 pounds, was blown 200 yards. At the edge of a swamp he caught a small bush and held on until the storm was over. His overcoat was blown four miles. His house was destroyed, and all the inmates were painfully injured. Mt. Carmel Church, a large wooden struct ure in Williamsburg county, was en tirely destroyed, with the exception of the pulpit, which, with the Bible and hymn book upon it, were left undis turbed. A woman who attracts as little at tention probably, as any in the world, but who, neverthe less, has the lives of more people in her hands than any woman living, is Mrs. Mary Carroll, the only woman switch tender in Amer ica, who is located at the railroad about one mile from Macon, Ga. This person has a remarkable history. Her husband, James Carroll, was switch man ten years before his death, which occurred in 1862. Since that time she has taken his place, performing the duties with the regularity of a clock. She has not been found from her post more than two months in twenty-one years, and that on account of sickness. She is 03 years of age, and shows re markable vitality for one of her years. Her duties consist of arranging the switch at the junction for the trains at that point: She stays’in the switch house lrom 0 in the morning until 0 at night. During her entire management at the junction she has never mis placed the switch. Twenty-eight Cardinals have died since the accession of Leo XIII., and twelve hats are at this moment at his disposal. Of the fifty-eight existing members of the college, one was cre ated by Gregory XII.—Cardinal Schwartzenberg, Archbishop of Pra gue; thirty-seven were created by Pius IX., and the remaining twenty by the present Pope. Of these last, three are German, two French, one English one Irish, one an Armenian, and one a Pole. Nearly half of them, therefore, now are not Italians, and the whole number of foreign members of the ex isting college is twenty-six as against thirty-two Italians, a proportion un precedented for a very long time past. If the twelve now undisposed of were given to foreigners, a non-Italian maj jority would be created. According to the Lyon Medical, women practised medicine and sur gery over a century and a half ago. There were then in Lyons forty-three master surgeons and thirteen widows of surgeons in regular practice. All doctors’ widows had the right to prac tice medicine and surgery. THE BRITISH IN TOKAR. Tho Qnoon Tol6graphs Thanks to tho Victors of Teb. Detail* of lit© Until© — Do*pc rate Bravery of tl*© Arab*—Statement of raptured Prisoner* -Troop* Ordered Burk to England. London, March 3.—The Queen has tele graphed to General Stephenson, at Cairo, i congratulating tho British troops at Teb on . Friday, deploring tho loss of life, and cx j pressing anxiety for tho wounded. Tho •d ;nal defeat of Osman Digna’s forces by the English troops under General Graham puts , a new ph;is' on the situation of affairs in : lv.,ypt. It remains to bo seen how tho a 1 hnvnts of the Maluli will stand reverses. Hitherto his progress has been marked by continual triumphs. The scene of Friday’s victory is in tho al ! most waterless region betwcon Trinkikat I and Tokar. and on the rough track which runs from the coast to the garrison town. It j has been reported that tho fore -, after land ing, luul to wade through the lagoons or salt marshes and that th r.ee to tho Wells the country was ju»t practicable for guns and wl e 1 d vehicles. Th ■* rocks, stones and scrub offered great difficulties. Late dispatches from Trinkitat. give tno j ' following particulars: Friday morning tires wore kindled nil l coffee made. 1/oak fast over, the forces were formed, the Gordon Highlanders in advance, with throe Gatling guns and three Gardiners. The whole strength of tho British forces was something loss than 4,000 men. The hussars acted as scouts and advanced in a semi-circle a thousand yards ahead. Tho j troops advanced over sand knolls ami scrub j for a mile from Fort Baker along the Teb road, when the rebels opened fire with their j Remington rifles, but tho range was toe long and their shots proved ineffective. The rebels in swarms occupied the high ground in front and on the flanks of the British army. Tho British cavalry fol lowed, covering the rear. At 9:30 the gun boat Sphinx bred four rounds from Trm kitat harbor, but the range was too great, and firing stopped. The cavalry and mounted infantry advanced on tho left to touch tho rebels, who moved obstinately, though they were not indisposed to fight. The road toward Teb was studded with hundreds of eorpso of Baker Pasha’s ill starred fugitives, which filled the air with pollution and around which swarms of car rion-flies lazily hovered. After an advance of three miles had been accomplished the earthworks of the rebels came in sight. The British advanced till they were within 800 j’ards of the rebels’ position. Here a halt was ordered, and the scouts rejoined the cavalry. The rebels be gan tho battle with a shell from a Krupp gun, captured from the Egyptians. The shell passed wide over the square. The next two shots that followed were aimed with greater accuracy, and tile shells burst close to the British, wounding several. Tho English advanced stoadily in a square, without answering the rebel fire till they passed the north face of tho rebel works. At this point a piece of a shell wounded Baker Pasha in the face, and twenty men were hit. Then the British opened fire with guns and rifles, and the rebel fire rapidly slack ened. An advance fire was at once ordered. The troops rose and approached the rebels’ works. The rebels were in no military or der, but held their position desperately. There were two thousand of them in front and hundreds on the sides of the square. As the British advanced, firing, the rebels rose within 200 yards of them aud rushed head long with their spears upon the British line. They fell dead right and left. None of them bolted, but fell back sullenly. Having cleared the ground in front, the British attacked Fort Burnaby, and carried it after a desperate fight. They turned two Krupp guns against tho enemy, but the Arabs contested every inch. The British then stormed a brick building, and at one o’clock the rebels bolted, the Gatling guus and Martini rifles creating great havoc among them. 'Ihe English forces advanced to the fresh water well at Teb, whero the rebels made their last stand. After four hours of arduous fighting tho British gained possession of the rebels’ camp. The cavalry charged the re treating rebels, who did not bolt, but gave the troopers blow for blow. The enemy re treated slowly, and tho British kept up their file. The latest estimates, which aro believed to bo nearly correct, place the number of rebels killed at 2,000. Trinkitat, March 3.—Geu. Graham with his command reached Tokar Saturday after noon and was warmly welcomed by the gar rison and inhabitants. There was no fi-ht mountains. On the march from Too the same formation and general order was observed as on Friday, the infantry being instructed to reserve fire until within 3U0 yards of the enemy, while the cavalry was to act only is hen the infantry should show signs of wavering. Gen. Gordon lias sent GOD women ami chil dren from Tokar to this place. London, March 3.—Thu Times states that the government telegraphed orders Sunday night for Gen. Graham to retreat immediate ly from Tokar and prepare to send the Brit ish troops back to England. Tammany ltcsolves. New Yoke, hub, 38.—At a regular meet ing of the Tammany hall general committee r solutions were adopted calling for union among Democrats, protesting against the Roosevelt bill giving tho mayor full power to appoint'oflicers, and condemning thu high tarifT license bill as being class legislation in favor of the rich and against the poor; also calling upon the national Democratic con vention, which meets at Chicago next July to select their candidate fur president from from this state. The lo-tale of General nix’s Widow. Brooklyn, March 1.—Surrogate Young, of Suffolk county, has admitted to probate in his office at ltiverhead the will of the Into Catherine M. Dix, widow of Gen. Dix. Mrs Dix bequeathed her estate to her two daughters, Catharine Morgan Walsb and Elizabeth Morgan Blake. The executor is Rev. Dr. Morgan Dix. Brutal Assault on a Child, VVkstbury, Tj. I., March 1.—A brutal as sault on a chiid by a colored man basstirred the community to a determination to deal summarily with the villain if he is appre hended. The name of the offender is Charles M. Bunn, and his age is thirty-flvo. He is a powerful fellow, very black, with only one eye and his feet are inverted. He was em ployed by Mrs. Sarah Willis. The victim is Mary Brown, thirteen years of age, who had been adopted as a member of Mrs.’ Wil lis’ family. The girl was sent to the post office for tho evening mail and the negro waylaid her on her way back to Mrs. Wil. lis’s place and cruelly assaulted her. She was found unconscious behind an evergreen hedge and her condition Is very critical. The negro escaped. POSTAL TELEGRAPHY. Congressman Anderson’s Review of Western Union. Not a Question of Constitutionality, but of $80,000,000—The Danger of the News Copyrighting Scheme to tho Country Press. Washington, March 8.—In tho houso of representatives Saturday afternoon. Repre sentative John Anderson, of Kansas, availed himself of tho latitude of a general debate to discuss tho question of postal telegraphy, lie reviewed the testimony which has been taken by the senate committee on post offices and post roads to show that the Western Union company has a practical monopoly of tho telegraph business, and called the atten tion of the houso to tho query, “Whether, instead of making heavy and indefinite ap propriations for telegraphic service rendered by private corporations year after year and decade after decade, it may not bo cheaper, wiser and better for the government to build and operate linos of its own?” He summed up the constitutionality of tho question as “not one of legal power, but of $80,000,000,” anil said: “This ‘constitution’ dodge has been so frequently played on many different measures and so often exposed that I turn from it with tho remark that tho ardent so licitude for tlie integrity of the constitution evinced by tho Western Union, tho Standard Oil company, tho land grant railroad burg lars and tho whole host of corporation pi rales, would bo amusing if it were rot so nauseatingly disgusting, and possibly war rants the hope that this noble charter of lib erty, which had a mighty time of it before they were born, will yet now, and in some feeble way, manage to struggle down tho centuries.” Referring to the relations of the telegraph with the pross, Mr. Anderson said: “Where ever there is a Western Union office proper, near by is aa alert sentinel of the veteran corns of tlie republic—an American editor. Nothing escapes him, from the latest case of ‘didn’t know it was loaded,’ or the condition of crops to tho progress of a flood, or the ap pearance of an epidemic. * * * Every day he is on duty in every town and near each hamlot on tho continent, and nothing of importance happens anywhere under the flag that is not gathered for the people and flashed by night to tho near centres, while along the cables, which dive beneath tho gales and waves of the ocean and clasp hands with tho wires of all the continents, the news of all ra tions are interchanged. The facilities for gathering and communicating intelli gence are almost as universal, active and wonderful ns the sun’s rays. They are n.‘. the clustered diamonds in tho crown of tho empress of modern genius, and no arm could more safely rely upon the vigilance of its sentinels than may the American people upon tho sagacity and fidelity of its news gatherors and proclaimers—the American press. Continuing on this subject the speaker said: “Supposo several important events have happened in | Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado at points where there is not a daily paper, and editors of dailies ura always agents of tho Press Association, wnich sup plies their dispatches. “ The editor of a weekly at those points will telegraphHhe event to-night to tho Associated Press. His message will go to St. Louis, and be sifted by a sort of censor or manager of the Associated Press, who decides what shall appear, how much shall appear, and i hi? precise form of its apppearanej. * * * I am informed that there are just three cen sors who set in judgment upon all the news gathered in the United States by the Asso ciated Press, ono at St. Louis, one at Chicago, and one at New York. Whatever is telegraphed from the territory in his ju risdiction goes to that censor, and whatever appears in the papers of his territory is tele graphed to them by him. * * * These three censors may discharge their momentous duties with the utmost honor, sagacity and intogrtiy; and then again they may not. But whether they do or do not, the power vested in them and especially in tho New York censor, is more startling, more dangerous, more cyclonic than the wildest despot of Europe over dreamed it I ossibb that one man could wield. » * * In comparison with the power of the New York censor, the amplest power of the presi dent of the United States, in shaping public opinion, is as a babe’s breast to tempest * * Any monarchal government that should at tempt to inaugurate such a system would be burned to ashes by the flashing lightning of revolution. But it exists to-day in America as the logical sequence, the sweet flower of that western plant, the Western Union monopoly.” Mr. Anderson then quoted the circular of tho Western Associated Press of 1807, for position or competing telegraph company” to tho Western Union, and concluded this part of his speech with tho following re marks respecting the danger to the weekly papers growing out of the proposition to copyright news dis patches: “Suppose now that a law were passed copyrighting press dispatches for forty-eight hours. What would be the effect on tho weekly press, and how far would tho possible po \er of tho Western Union over the dailies bo extended over the country press? Either the latter would have to do without tho latest news or pay for it to tho dailies, which would be profitable to tne latter. In the end, the stronger weekly in a town would be forced into tho combination. But when this occurred generally these weeklies would bo as much within the pos sible power of the Western Union, of which Mr. Gould is said to be chief owner and controller, as are the dailies now. Is that a condition of things compatible with the public good or the public safety? And yet, precisely such a measure is pending in this house, and those who oppose it are de nounced ns ‘robbers.’ While there may be a possible ground for copyrighting an ‘ed itorial’ as the product of an editor’s brain, what ground is there for copyrighting, say, election returns or the news of Garfield’s murder? Does the editor create them on the same senso that an author creates a boom? To my mind, that measure is a glaring wrong, glittering with impertinence, a d tho weekly press of the nation had better wake up. If it will look far enough it will discover a very fine Italian hand manipulating the measure.” Ihe Sunday Herald, in tho course of a col umn on the news copyright proposition, says: ‘‘It is as wild a scheme as was ever conceived outside of Bedlam, but there is method in its inadness. It stands this test of sanity, viz.: That from a short-sighted and selfish point of view it would really be of uso to those who seek it, for it would help to create monopol ies for a few wealthy newspapers which would be enabled, even where no just reason existed, to bring suits for the theft of news against young and struggling rivals and put them to so much trouble upd expense as in many cases to break them down.” Rhode Island Republicans. Providence, March 1.—Tho Republican state convention is called to meet March 20.