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PEACE AND LOVK
[Ella Wheeler in Lippincott’s.] There are two angels, messengers of Light, Both born of Bod, who yet are bitterest foes. No human breast their dual presence knows; As violently opposed as wrong and right, When one draws near, the other takes swift flight, And when one enters, thence the other goes; Till mortal life in the immortal flows, So must these two avoid each other’s sight. Despair and Hope may m-et within one heart, The vulture may be comrade of the dove, Pleasure aud pain swear friendship real and true, But till the grave unites them, still apart Must dwell those :.ngels kuowu as Peace and Love, For only death can reconcile the two. SIDE-SHOW SHOUTERS. A Professional’s Ideas of His I*e i’culinr liusiness. Shouting for a side-show is not the lYtAof tuotluifi/i n/i/nmofinn in f-lin but it is one of the healthiest, and it has other advantages which attract the class of young men engaged in it. In yesterday's rain the reporter had a talk with one of the out-door men of one of the recent additions to the city’s varied attractions in the amusement line, and that was what he said about the shooter's business. When asked if that was all he could sav for the business he replied : “Oh, no; it gives a man a chance to travel, broadens his views and gives him an understanding of human nature for which no other oc cupation affords as great an oppor tunity. This rain has knocked busi ness for this day, but give me one hour's sunshine and I will start in again with the enthusiasm of a man who has just entered the business.' “In the east a good shontergets S25 a week, and they advertise and are adver tised for just as for any other class of talent. It is a regular business there and well followed. Hhouters are gen erally decent fellows, blit as their busi ness is often precarious they sometimes will accept a situation with an unreli able showman, and that, perhaps, is one thing which has prejudice Iso many people against our trade. But shout ing is our business, and it does not make much difference to us whether it is the amphibious and carnivorous dog or a panorama of the Holy Land. It is not an easy business to learn, but when once a man becomes accustomed to it he can shout before the crowned heads with the dignity and case of a tish pedcller in the most familiar alley on his business route. “It is a great business in one way. You see, we don’t have to pack any an Ijuicitus ul '.viij luiv waruroDe. -A man can start on a moment’s notice. But hotel men are not apt to think any more of a traveler because he has no baggage. That is tire way it goes—one thing balances another. ' There are ad vantages and drawbacks, ups and downs. The worst calamity of all, of course, is the failing of the voice. l)id you ever see a shouter who couldn't shout? Well, ho is the most melan choly man you ever will see. He pines away and dies. Before dissolution everybody abuses him. The curiosities whose praises he has sung for years re fuse to recognize him, and the boys who steal in under the tents make him the butt of all their jokes. He is the embodiment of misery. You can knock him down with a straw. Try it.” At this point the shouter paused. He had rattled off his story of the strange business in much the same style ho would have assumed on his box in front of the show. Ho did not appear the least exhausted, but the re porter found some difficulty in keeping track of tho ideas elucidated by the voluble showman. -.—.— American Labor. [‘‘Gath” in New York Tribune.] When we have what we call dull times in the United States, we are on a tremendous boom compared to almost i any other nation in tho world. The en- ; terprises being carried out in a time of stagnation here would amount to great i operations in such states as Prussia, Austria or even France. \Ve do net perceive that nearly the whole United States is going onward at the same time, each ouo of the multitude cf towns suggesting, developing or adding something, and when there is compara tive lethargy here another kind of life j begins, which ought to bo a truer part of ■ our life, the artistic cultivation of the people. The influence of labor-saving ma chinery to accumulate goods and pro duce stoppages is now generally per- j ceived, though the knowledge is not ap- ; plied. Judge Kelley intimates that it .. j* XI, .... --- mvovuuwij *xjm. wnt. iijiiumauiiu operatives to work a shorter day and spend the rest of the time in self-im provement. Mr. Boolcwalter thinks that these gluts indicate the retiring of pattern-making machinery in a little while, that kind of machinery where a pattern duplicates itself almost auto matically. Ho says that the finest work in the world is the work of the human hand, in which the eastern nations ex cel, and that it is proved by the fact that we send nothing of beauty to Japan or India, while we greedily buy from them the vases and other articles to i which our taste has risen. It might be I a blessed day if labor, instead of being collected in groat shops to do a given thing and do nothing else for years and ^ years, would have its own little ateliers j close to the family life, and, as in the days of our parents, produce the furni- i ture, etc., specimens of which are now ] rarities and prizes. Xot Very Warlike. Crumbling earthworks, toppling piles of masonry, ancient guns, rusty and dismantled, water-washed trenches and half-completed walls are the evi dences on both shores of decay, nig gardliness and neglect. Dry mortar crackles under the feet of the dejected sentries, and the spiritless officers gaze apprehensively seaward through em brasures that tumble about their ears. The rest of our seacoast defenses tell the same story; the fortifications are piles i of dust and rubbish, and in the navy yards, obsolete old hulks lie rotting in the docks or fall to pieces at anchor. ON NIAGARA’S BRINK. \ PIii1n-.lMr.1iln Lawyer Telia How He Crept Out on an Ice Projec tion. [Philadelphia Press.] “Did von ever hear of a man stand ing on top of Niagara falls without losing his life?” asked Mr. C. P. Sher man yesterday. “Well, I did. You have heard of the magnificent ice bridge be low the falls. Having business at Buf falo I ran up to look at the ice gorge. The ice, which had poured down from the upper lakes, piled up at the foot of the Horseshoe and froze under the spray. 1 clambered over the bridge, and, going up on the Canadian side, went down under the Horse shoe fall into the Cave of the Winds. What superb stalag mites and stalactites of ice there were there; reaching fx-om ioof to floor, with the thundering curtain of the fall betw een us and the light. After I had crossed the river by the suspen sion bridge I ei-ossed the bridge above the American fall to Goat island, which was covered with snow and deserted. mi. i_i.i.1 x.. _li. . i* ii -A- 111. Ollllll/WtA I OUVI VVU AAV 41. U1C AlUAO were coated with ice, in places, on some of the trunks, several inches in thick ness, looking as if they had been cut out of marble, or were the ghosts of dead trees. Wandering across the island, I crossed over to the Three Sisters, and, by means of a jam of great blocks of ice, out to the old canal-boat, past which the water was rushing swiftly. Going back to Goat island, I went down to the foot-bridge to Terrapin rock, where the old tower used to stand, and out on the rock. When I got there 1 observed that a quantity of ice, covered with snow, had by some means become fixed upon the project ing rocks on the edge of the Horseshoe fall beyond the rock where I stood, forming a bridge on the extreme edge of the fall, and about 100 feet long by perhaps ten or fifteen feet wide. In stantly the desire to go upon this bridge and look over the fall seized me. I dug out a stone from the snow as heavy as I could lift, and, stepping out as far as I dare, threw it with all my force upon the bridge, which stood firm, the stone sticking fast in the snow. Then I ran back to the island and broke oil' a good staff, and. com ing back to Terrapin rock, commenced the rather trying journey. The snow which covered the ice was itself covered with a thin coating of ice, which broke beneath my feet, thus giving me a good foothold; and as to my head, I was sure of that, as 1 had thor oughly tested its anti-dizziness the pre ceding summer on shipboard and among the Swiss glaciers and precipices. Prodding my staff or alpenstock heavily into the snow before me to try the way, J walked out until I had reached abou the middle of my ice bridge, and then i stopped to iook. me sigiit was the grandest and the most awe-inspiring L have ever beheld. As I looked up the river the curve on the on-coming water seemed almost as high as my head, and steadying my eye upon some floating particle, the whole mass seemed coming down upon me with an irre sistible power that must inevitably carry me over the brink and into eternity, but with a swift, hissing rush, it swept under me, leaped out, and with a horrible roar plunged into the awful chasm, whence huge clouds of spray, like the smoke of its torment, ascend ing, swept back and over me. "Steadying myself by my staff, I sank quietly upon my knees, then stretched myself fiat upon my stomach, and looked down over the fall, l'ou can imagine what I saw. Alien the spray would clear away, the water, rushing so swiftly as to appear to be drawn into lines and furrows, and, springing out under my very face, could be seen to fall, at first a solid, greenish mass, then broken into foam, into a ekao.s which the eye could not penetrate. I could feel my bridge trembling with the rush of the water, and realizing that any mo ment might see it and me following the descending flood, I arose, took one look up and down—a look to last for a life time— and retraced my steps. As I passed the rock 1 Lad thrown on the bridge, I could not resist the tempta tion of dislodging it and seeing it whirl away over the liquid precipice.” A WcHN'rii f>u<*k Story. As the storm somewhat subsided last Monday, Quin Fletcher thought he would go out and see if he could kill a few of the ducks that, immediately after a snowstorm, are found abundantly in the spring holes in different parts of the valley. Mounting his snow shoes, he proceeded to the vicinity of the hot springs. As he was slipping along over five or sis feet of snow, his eye on the lookout for game, he heard the distinct quack of a duck nearly beneath his feet. Surprised, he ran his snow shoe into what appeared to be a cave. Im mediately a big mallard flew out, which was quickly knocked endwise with his pole. Another big duck then came, which he caught in his hands and wrung its neck. Then auother popped out, which mot the same fate; then an other, until thirty-eight ducks lay dead at the hunter’s feet. Feing curious to know what sort of a place he had struck, Fletcher made a larger opening and iound that lie was just above a large spring hole about twelve feet in diameter. The ducks, during tho storm, had taken refuge there, it being pro tected by a bank on the windward side. The violent wind had drifted snow from the bank over the pool, forming at first a shelf and at last a complete roof, and tho birds were securely imprisoned. If Mr. Fletcher had not discovered their retreat, they would probably have starved to death before the sun released them from their curious confinement . Louise lUlcliel. Louise Michel has been permitted to leave her Clermont prison for a few hours at a time to visit her sick mother. Slio is spending most of her time in writing stories for young people, and the stories are of a character peculiarly adapted to qualify young people for a future residence like hers, in prison. In a Chinese city when a mar. goes out after dark he carries a paper lantern ' with his name and address upon it. MANUAL TRAINING SCHOOLS. Somi> Objection* to lirimclne the Book*-and-Toola Combination into Onr Public School*. [Chicago Times.] Facts aro stubborn things, and it is their disposition to crop out in school reports where they are not wanted. The statistics of [Massachusetts, tho home of Horace Mann, who inaugu rated the graded course and invented the “people's college,” show that 50 per cent, of all the school children are in the threo lowest grades, and that the average child receives instruction a little less than four years. In Cleve land, where more attention is given to drawing, music, an 1 German than in almost any city in the country, 09 per cent, of the pupils never advance be yond the primary gra hvt. In Chicago the showing is not quite as good, while the proportion of pupils in half-day divisions is larger than in any city in the world where public schools have been established. The proposition to reduce the time devoted to the study of books or receiving oral instruction in tho common branches of learning bv one-nalt seems preposterous. So does tlie proposition to teach trades to boys and girls ranging from 0 to 10 years of age. What father, who is a mechanic, would trust his 8 or 9-year-old boy to use the tools ho employs in his daily work? In man3r instances the boy has not the strength to handle them. lie would not be able to lift the tools em ployed by the blacksmith or stone cutter. He could not use the imple ments of the joiner, cooper, turner, or carpenter, without great danger. Ju venile tools would be as necessary as juvenile books for persons of this tender age. Children who can not read and do not know the names of figures could not use measures. A workshop to them would be nothing but a play room, and a very dangerous one. The manual-labor advocate would deprive most children of half the opportunity they now have to acquire a smattering of a few useful branches of learning. The advocates of manual training in public schools are careful not to specify what trades they would have taught. They probably see the absurdity of at tempting to teach the trade of the brick maker, the bricklayer, the stone-cutter, the stone-mason, the machinist, the blacksmith, the cooper, the plumber, the brass and iron founder, the carriage maker, the ship-carpenter, or tho hat ter. Still these are the most important trades and the cues in which the largest number of persons are engaged. It is hardly likely that the educational cranks would advocate giving instruction in the making of clocks and watches, vari ous articles of jewelry, cutlery, and books. Some of them say that they would give general instruction in the use of tools and tho working of wood in the present condition of the me chanical arts a general knowledge of the use of the tools employed to work wood and iron is not what is wanted. Particular knowledge and skill is what is required. It is hardly to be expected that boys ranging from 0 to 12 years of age have sufficient maturity of mind to determine which department of the me chanic arts they are fitted for or desire to engage in. It is quite as difficult for their parents as for themselves to form an opinion on these matters. Admit ting, however, that the children or their parents have made up their minds, it is quite likely that the trade desired will not be taught at school. The boy who desires to learn to lay brick or stone, to cast iron or brass, to fit gas and water pipes, to repair watches, or to make thrashing machines would derive very little benefit from working at a carpen ter's bench or a blacksmith's vise. He would be simply learning something he never expected to practice. The History of a Warliorse. An officer of the Fourth cavalry says that Buffalo Bill has applied for per mission to take the horse Comanche and use him in connection with his theatrical performances throughout the country. Of course his request w ill not be granted. Comanche was the favorite horse of Capt. Iveogh, and was ridden by him into the fight on the Little Big Horn in 187C. He was the sole survivor of the Custer massacre. The horse xvas found soon after the battle standing in the waters of the river. He had seen wounds, three of them dangerous ones, and had made his way to the river to slako his thirst and allay the fever resulting from his injur ies. He was brought to Fort A. Lin coln, and remained there until the headquarters of the Seventh cavalry were moved to Fort Meade, where he is at tho present time. Comanche originally belonged to Company I, now stationed at Fort Totten, under com mand of Capt. N'owland, but in 1878 Col. Sturgis ordered the transfer of tho horso to tho custody of the ad jutant of tho regiment, and directed that ho never again be ridden by any one. The order also provided tliat he be properly caparisoned and led in front of tho colors at every parade of the regiment. In color Comanche is dark dun, and, although over 20 years old, ho is in excellent condition and frisky as a colt. The First 19 ill ion Greenback». Mr. Sturtevant of tho stationery division of tho treasury, carried the first 2,000,000 of greenbacks from Washington over the mountains to the west. “The greenbacks,” says he, “were in common mail bags and I had to sit with a loaded revolver to watch them. I remember it was in October, and though warm in Washington it grew bitter cold when we got on the mountains. I had neg lected to bring my overcoat and I al most froze. I carried the money via Pittsburg to Cincinnati, and a few months later I took another 1,000,000 in the same way. After this it was noised abroad that the greenbacks were being distributed in this unsafe way and the government made a contract with the express companies to carry them.” _ J. A. Macon: De steel hoe dat laughs at de iron one is like de man dat is ’shamed o’ his grand-daddy. PIANO-FORTE MUSIC. Its History and Development—The lMnno-forte's Predecessors. [London Times.] Mr. Ernst Pauer, principal professor of the piano-forte at the It oval College of Music, on Thursday afternoon de livered before a largo audience at tho lloyal institution, Albemarle street, the first of a course of six lectures on “The History and Development of tho Music for the Piano-forte and its Prede cessors, the Clavecin, Harpsichord,” etc, with musical illustrations on these instruments. He re marked on the great number of excellent composers who have confided some of their finest ideas to tho key board, so that at first sight it seemed almost a hopeless task to evolve any thing like order from tho extraordinary mass of names. But on studying the matter more closely a classification evolves itself readily enough, especially as the lecturer’s desire was to bring tho masters in music before the audience not so much theoretically as practically, i. e. by playing tho pieces chosen for illustration, ratner man Dv oral de scription. He then gave, as was indispensable, the shortest possiblo sketch of the keyed instruments in uso before the piano-forte. Tho clavictherinm was in troduced about tho year 1300 by the Italians; it was a kind of oblong'lyre, with catgut strings arranged in the form of an upright triangle. Keys wero used to raise tho hard leather plectra which twanged the strings. This was tho only keyed instrument in which catgut or violin strings were em ployed. All the later ones, beginning with tho clavichord, had wire strings. The clavichord, whose wires were set in motion by pressure on the keyboard, had but a feeble tone: still, under an artistic hand it yielded excellent music, being favor able to staccato jiassages, and giving great prominence to the melody. It was the favorito instrument of Sebastian Bach. Tho virginal had brass wires, and the sound was produced by a pieco of raven’s or crow’s quill. The vir ginal had a compass of only four octaves, but its touch was extremely sensitive. This instrument was Queen Elizabeth's favorite, but it was not named, as was thought by some, in honor of the virgin queen, for it was in use under her royal father and sister. It was most likely styled tho virginal from its common use by- tho nuns in their hymns to tho Virgin. The spinet, or instrumento di penna, resembled in shape a harp laid horizon Liuveuu uuu cniuur were me respective French and German names of tlie harpsichord. The Italians used the clavieytherium and spinet, the Knglish tho virginals and harpsichord, the French tho spinett, and tho Ger mans the clavichord and harpsichord. The great characteristic of the piano forte was that by introducing the ham mer to strike tho wire a heavier touch produces a louder, a gentler touch a softer tone, thereby giving the per former, as implied in the instrument's name, the power of playing at will piano or forte. The character of the music of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was especially religious. With hardly an exception all composers were organ ists, the organ having already reached a high degree of mechanical perfection, but the want of musical instruments for tho chamber, especially for the fair sex, was more and more felt, and the demand created the supply. There was, however, a great lack of variety and pleas .nt expression in the earliest clavecin music. A Slistnke in I*le Crnst. [Detroit Free Press “Household.”] Let mo tell you, dear friends, the toughest thing wo ever had to eat was tho first pie I made. It was an apple pie. I prepared the crust; put it in the dish, put in the apples and sugar, put on the top crust, set it in tho oven and gave it ten minutes to bake boforo looking at it. At tho expiration of that time I looked in and what a sight presented itself to my astonished gaze. The pie was fully one foot thick. I have laughed many a time over that pie. I had mixed tho crust with soda and cream tartar without one bit of shortening. Such speeches as were made over that pie, and such fun as we had! It seemed to me that between tho fun and the chewing of that pie crust it would be the death of us. Xovel drape Stand. Among tho novelties in silver and glass which have lately been introduced in London, and one which was among the bridid presents at an aristocratic wedding, is a grapo stand of artistic de sign, and furnished with invisible hooks, from which nro suspended the richest clusters of the white and pur ple grapes. Tho effect is good its a matter of table ornamentation, and the fruit is preserved in much greater freshness than when tho bunches are piled ono upon another on a plato. Tito Very Latest Ta-Ta Tiling. Another agony—tlio portraits of the family are now painted on tho “com pany china,” says the artist. Apropos to this, tho little “sweet 1G” ornaments the sugar bowl, the “flower of tho family” tho bread plato, and tho artist may, m a mnu way, poso tlio sharp features of tho maiden aunt upon the tea-pot, while the digniliod head of the house gazes mildly up from under tho edge of a quarter-pound lump of but ter. What next ? X’o Oaths in the Indian l^anguage. [Reading (Penn.) Times.] “When an Indian wants to swear he must learn tho English language to do so, as there is nothing in his own that ho can use in taking the name of the Great Spirit in vain,” said the Rev. John J. Kelly, a grand specimen of the Chickasaw nation, in his lecture in the Fourth Street Methodist church last evening. The Ijonce*t Word. [Chicago Sun.] The longest word in the dictionary is | “disproportionableness.” By punch I puching out every other letter it ought ' to make an excellent comb. SILKS! SILKS! SILKS! HALL’S are now opening their Stock of SUMMER SILKS, Etc., Consisting in part of ONE LOT STRIPES at 50c. VERY CHEAP. “ “ “ 65c. Worth 75c. “ CHECKS “ 78c. Cheap at 90c. A Special Bargain is oui SOLID COLOR SILK at 75c. These Goods are well worth 85c wne 101 ui SOFT HEAVY SOLID COLOR SILKS, AT $1.00. Sold last year for $1.25. One lot EXTRA HEAVY SILKS at $1.25. Sold last year at $1.50. BLACK SILKS. In all grades and qualities. GOOD BLACK SILKS at 75c. and 85c. We have Black Silks that we will Guarantee Not to Cut in Wearing, at $1.00. $1.25, $1.35 and upward. COLORED AND BLACK RHADAMES AND SATIN SURAHS. LEWIS S. ETA^JLL, 26 South Second St., Philadelphia. &'VlfAVtilflUiK3KL_ AJ\ A CARPETS! FURNITURE! Call and examine the stock of Furniture and Carpetings, At our new warerooms, 1022 and 1024 Market Street, Philadelphia, G. JB. SCOTT GO. Late of Second Street, but entirely removed. mar 13-3m s3mf THOMAS M. LOCKE. c. C. STEWART. All Kinds of Carpets, Oil Cloths, Mattings, Window Shades, Rugs, etc., etc. Parties furnishing will do well to call on us and examine our goods before buying. Special inducements to cash buyers. We respectfully solic it a share of patronage from our Now Jersey friends. New Store. LOCKE] & STE"WART, New Stock. 939 MAKKET ST., PHILADELPHIA, (second door below Tenth St.) mar (i-3ms3mt’ | GRAHAM’S CARPET STORE. I Carpets for Spring 1884 A specialty in Brussels, Superfine Ingrain, Hull ami Stair Carpets, Shading, Door Mats and everything pertaining to a Carpet Store. Please call and examine goods. J. R. GRAHAM, No. 40 East Commerce Street I feb 28-3m* CLAYPOOLE & PARSONS. Si Carpenters, Ship Sits, AND MANUFACTURERS OF Oyster Dredges! WILL MAKE Oyster Dredges at Ten Cents per pound, And give a guarantee of perfect satisfaction. All dredges will tic made by David Ci.ay poole, the experienced dredge maker, who will give his whole attention to that branch of business. Wm. II. Parsons will attend to the vessel building. The complete success that ho lias had in the past, will warrant us in assuring all that we can give perfect satisfaction in the line of building oyster boats in the future. CLAYPOOLE & PARSONS, nov 15-3m Cedarville, N. J.