NINGEE’S NIMBLE PEN
HOW THE REMARKABLE COUNTER
FEITER DID HIS WORK.
First Traced Witlf* a Pencil, Then Inked
Over With Pen and I5rush—Six Twen
ties and a Fifty Passed by Him on the
Day of His Arrest.
The more that is learned about Eman
uel Ninger, the New Jersey pen and ink
counterfeiter, the loss wonderful seems
his work and the more remarkable seems
the man. While Secret Service Agent
Bagg declines to make any statement re
garding the processes of the counterfeiter
or any statement whatever regarding
the man, except that he has incontrovert
ible proof that Ninger is the maker of
the counterfeit notes, and that they
were made with pen, ink and brush,
without the aid of plates or camera, this
description of how they are made may
be trusted absolutely, as can also the
statements concerning tire counterfeiter.
The information comes from the highest
When Ninger started out from Flag
town, N. J., the other day, he had in
his possession six $20 notes and one $50
note, which, together, were the product
of about 15 weeks’ work. He passed five
of the twenties without any difficulty.
One of them was so good that it was ac
cepted by a bank when offered for de
posit by the man who had taken it from
Ninger. It was the sixth $20 note that
got him into difficulty quite accidental
ly. He offered this note at a Third ave
nue grocery. The clerk accepted it with
out question. He gave it to the cashier,
a young woman. Her hand was damp,
and in handling the note she touched
the series number with a damp finger.
She. noticed a blur and immediately wet
her finger on a sponge and rubbed it
across the number. The blur was dis
tinct. Ninger was going out of the store
with his change at the time, and the
cashier, who was quick witted, sent a
clerk to watch him. The clerk followed
him down town and into a saloon at 87
CoUKandt street. Ninger purchased a
drink and tendered a $50 note in pay
ment. The bartender whistled at the
size of it, but never suspected its genu
ineness, and he got the change and hand
ed it over. Ninger had succeeded, it is
alleged, in getting rid of all his notes,
and he started for the ferry. It was then
that the clerk caused his arrest. He was
soon in the hands of the United States
No United States officials have ad
mitted or asserted that Ninger has con
fessed, but every one of them seems to
possess information which he hardly
could possess unless it came from the
prisoner. It is known that the man’s
wife and children were ignorant of the
matter. It was this secretiveuess that
enabled him so long to evade capture.
Ninger is modest and unassuming in
appearance. He has a florid complexion,
a closely cropped sandy beard, and a
mild blue eye that seems the mirror of
innocence. He dressed as a farmer
dresses, and he looked the farmer from
head to foot. He would be more likely
to be picked up by a bunko steerer as a
‘ ‘come on” than by the secret service offi
cers or the police as an expert penman
counterfeiter. The informant gives this
description of Ninger’s method of work:
‘‘The operator first procured bond pa
per, which is of about the same thick
ness and toughness as the genuine ‘dis
tinctive’ paper prescribed by the secre
tary of the treasury under the act of
congress. Of course the bond paper has
no silk fiber—but of this hereafter. The
operator cut the bond paper the exact
Bize of the genuine note, and it was
then immersed in a weak solution of
coffee. This baptism imparted to it the
appearance of age—but not excessive
age—as if the note had passed through
several hands. It seemed soft and mel
low, but not worn or ragged.
‘‘While the bond paper was still wet
it was placed over the face of the genu
ine note, the edges being exactly to
gether. The two were then placed flat
upon a pane of glass and every figure
and letter, portrait and vignette, with
the signatures of the register of the
treasury and of the treasurer of the
United States, were brought out in bold
relief, and could be plainly seen through
the transparent bond paper. While this
was still damp the operator approached
a window and there placed his pane of
glass at an angle of about 45 degrees
against the window frame. The light of
course shone through, rendering the tra
ceiy of the genuine engraving distinct.
In this position the operator com
menced work, first with an extremely
hard and sharp pointed lead pencil.
With it he carefully traced and repro
duced upon the bond paper all parts,
even the most minute, of the genuine
‘ ‘The tracing with the pencil was suc
ceeded by use of pen and ink, and the
same ground was gone over, but mean
time, of course, the bond paper had be
come thoroughly dry. It was here that
the marvelous touch and skill of the
penman were displayed, and the steadi
ness of his nerves, the accuracy of his
eye and his patience are not the least of
the marvels of his work. The shadings
and traceries were nearly perfect. The
reproduction of the portrait of Alexan
der Hamilton upon the $20 note is cal
culated to deceive almost any expert.
“The operator used a camel’s hair
brush to put the colors upon the note,
and these colors were imitated so per
fectly that it could not be suspected that
they were not genuine. The silk threads,
which in the genuine note are worked
into the pulp of the paper, were imitated
with the pen with red and blue ink.
The fragmentary marks were placed
upon the back of the counterfeit, so that
if the false money should be held up to
the light it would appear to be the gen
uine fiber paper.
“Every obligation of the government,
issued as money, bears upon its face the
imprint of the seal of the treasury of the
United States. Perhaps the skill of Nin
gen was displayed in the execution of
the imitation of the treasury seal in 0
1 more marked degree than in any other
part of his work. The colors were car
mine, like those of a postage stamp, but
the tracings were intricate and difficult..
Yet the artist, if such he may be called,
reproduced it all with wonderful skill
and fidelity, so that the appearance of
thq seal would add very much to the
“That is how the front of the note
was made. The work on the back was
less difficult, because there was not so
muoh of it, and because, too, it was
done almost entirely with a brush. The
immersing of counterfeits in a solution
of weak coffee is an old trick of counter
feiters, but it probably will be admitted
by everybody that this is the only old
thing about the producing of these pen,
ink and brush notes. The rest is star
tlingly new. ”—New York Sun.
SHOULD REED RETIRE.
Will His Old Friends Again Address Him
If Mr. Reed retires from the speaker
ship, Mr. Hopkins of Illinois will be
one of the strongest candidates for that
position. No man in the house has the
confidence of his associates to a greater
degree, and there is none who has made
a better record during his short term of
“If he is defeated for the presidential
nomination, will we call him Tom
again?” is the interesting question that
the older members of the house of rep
resentatives are asking each other. The
most of the veterans called him Tom
until he was elected speaker of the pres
ent house, and it is said that down in
Portland, where he was bom and raised,
people scarcely know him by any other
A western senator tells of his experi
ence when he happened to be passing
through that city four or five years ago
and stopped off for a few hours’ visit
with the czar. As he was having his
boots blacked by a hotel porter he ask
ed, “Can you tell me where I can find
Speaker Reed?’ ’
“I don’t know any such person, ” was
the reply. ‘' What is his business?’ ’
“You don't know Speaker Reed? I
thought he was the best known man in
A gleam of intelligence lighted up the
bootblack’s face at this remark, and he
said apologetically: “I guess you mean
Tom Reed, don’t you? He is the biggest
man in this town, and they say he is
one of the biggest men in the state, ’ ’
and he then proceeded to give the stran
ger minute information as to Tom’s reg
ular habits, his comings and goings and
where he would most likely be found
at that time of day.—Chicago Record.
ASTOR’S LONDON OFFICE.
Harder to Interview Him Than the Prime
Minister of Great Britain.
Probably the handsomest office build
ing in London is that occupied by Wil
liam Waldorf Astor. It is on the Thames
embankment, between the Temple and
the huge building of the London school
It is a two story structure of gray
stone, Elizabethan in style and sur
mounted by a weather vane in the shape
of a gilded ship. The ornamentation is
severely plain, save for its gargoyles,
which take the form of hideous griffins.
It is separated from the street by hand
some iron gates, upon one of which is a
letter box bearing the announcement
that it is the office of the John Jacob
The first floor of the building is guard
ed by a gigantic gold laced porter and
is occupied by an army of clerks. Mr.
Astor’s private office is on the second
floor and consists of a suit of three
rooms, occupied by the proprietor and
his secretaries. It is said that Mr. Astor
writes many of his stories in this room.
Any one seeking an interview with
him is invariably met with the reply
that he is so busily engaged an audi
ence is impossible. It is more difficult to
see and obtain an audience with Mr.
Astor than with the prime minister of
Great Britain.—New York World.
POSED FOR A GODDESS.
The Woman Whose Face Represents the
Silver Dollar of 1876.
Produce from your pocket a silver
dollar of later date than 1876, gaze long
and earnestly upon the classic profile of
the Goddess of Liberty thereon and
then wish a long and happy married life
for Miss Anna Wiliest Williams, a
Philadelphia schoolteacher, for that is
the name of the fair original of the head
on the dollar.
The goddess has just surrendered her
liberty, or at any rate married during
Easter week the man of her choice, but
where he lives and what is his name she
doesn’t choose to tell.
Miss Williams was introduced to
George Morgan of the treasury depart
ment by Thomas Eakins, the artist.
Mr. Morgan had been assigned the task
of designing a new silver dollar in 1876.
He had completed the reverse side of
the coin and for months had sought the
ideal face for the Goddess of Liberty
upon which he had determined, when
he met Miss Williams and after much
persuasion induced her to pose. Her pro
file portrait has enjoyed the largest cir
culation of any picture ever published.
She’ll Fight For It.
Mrs. Anna Burton Jeffers, the first
woman to be appointed to a state office
in Maryland, has engaged counsel pre
paratory to making a fight for her ap
pointment as state librarian, should the
legality of her right to hold the office be
questioned. The salary is $1,500 and
the duties very light.
Colonel Luther H. Gadd, the Demo
cratic incumbent, says that he will make
a contest if he is advised that a woman
is constitutionally ineligible for the of
The latest candidate for the vice pres
idency is Adjutant General McAlpin,
but please don’t ask us who Adjutant
General McAlpin is. — Philadelphia
HOW WOMEN FIGHT.
GRAPHIC DESCRIPTION OF THE COUR
AGEOUS BAND IN CUBA.
Deeds of the Verona Sisters at the Recent
Skirmish at L.a Palma—Senorita Palmas
the Idol of the Command—How They
An organization composed of women
is fighting for Cuban independence with
General Maceo. A correspondent watch
ing operations in the west of the island
sends an interesting letter, in which he
“They are the most courageous body cf
soldiers I ever saw. I have seen them
in two skirmishes and one battle, that
of Pinar del Rio, and not one of them
has flinched, even when men were fall
ing dead and wounded all around them.
While the fighting lasts they show no
emotion, but when the last shot is fired
I have seen women throw themselves on
the ground and give way to a delirium
“At the skirmish at La Palma I saw
Henrietta, Isabella and Mercedes Ve
rona, sisters, members of one of the
proudest families of the eastern part of
the island, fighting side by side. They
seemed to keep near each other. Isabel
la, the youngest, was a frail little girl
not more than 17 years old. During a
rush of soldiers the sisters were separat
ed. I saw a man throw himself on Isa
bella and about to cut her down with a
machete, when the sisters fought then
way to her side and cast themselves at
the soldier with indescribable ferocity.
He was a strong man and could easily
have fought the women away. Sudden
ly the man jumped backward and turn
ing found Isabella alone facing him.
He seemed to admire the bravery of the
girls and in a spirit of gallantly tried
to escape without hurting her. But Isa
bella did net want him to get away
alive, so she aimed a blow at him with
her machete. The flat side fell upon his
head, and he fell. While prostrate the
Spaniard struck upward, and his weap
on split open the head of the girl. She
never knew what hurt her.
“Mercedes and Henrietta went at the
man like tigresses. Before he could re
gain his feet they had literally cut him
to pieces. The body of the Spanish sol
dier bore 48 cuts. The living sisters
took one look at Isabella to see that she
was not merely wounded, and satisfy
ing themselves that she was beyond aid,
they rushed into the fight again. When
the battle was over and the Spanish
were flying in every direction, then the
womanhood of the girls appeared. They
sought the dead body of their sister,
threw themelves upon it, and gave way
to their grief. Other women approached
and tried, with feminine tact, to con
sole the bereaved ones. Mercedes, the
oldest sister, spat and stamped on the
body of the man who killed Isabella
This act was witnessed by Lieutenant
Casa of Maceo’s staff, who sternly re
buked Mercedes, reminding her of the
punishment provided by the general for
those who1 profaned dead enemies. The
voice of authority restrained the girls,
and reminded them that they had laid
aside womanhood when they became
soldiers; so they dried their eyes and set
about burying the sister. She was laid
away in a separate grave, and the sis
ters left the spot with their comrades.
“The idol of Maceo’s command is
Senora Florencia Palmas, who distin
guished herself in the hot engagement
two weeks ago near Havana city by
standing on a rise of ground while the
battle was raging below her and coolly
discharging shot after shot at the enc
my. The woman is a splendid shot, as
was proved by the fact that at the close
of the fight, a captain, a lieutenant and
three soldiers lay dead from her bullets.
Her position on the hill made her a good
mark for Spanish bullets; but, although
fired at a number of times, she came out
of the fight sound as a dollar. Senora
Palmas’ comrades cheered her as she
blazed away, and her example caused
the men to fight like demons. At the
close of the battle Maceo had Senora
Palmas escorted before him, and public
ly thanked her for the example she had
shown his men. The senora follows her
husband, who is a rebel leader. She is
of English stock, but was born in Cuba
and educated in the United States. Her
husband is American born, but grew up
on the island, and owns- a large planta
tion in Matauzas province.
“The women have been commissioned
as a cavalry detachment. They ride
astride their horses and rush like furies
into battle when the bugle sounds the
charge. They took pride in competing
with the men for the most dangerous
positions at the fall of Pinar del Rio.
Their ranks would undoubtedly be much
thinner now were it not for the chivalry
of Spanish soldiers, who never seek to
hurt them unless necessity causes self
preservation. Captain General Weyler
has given orders that women warriors
should not be killed in battle unless
necessary to preserve the lives of Span
ish soldiers. His commands are that
they shall be captured alive and treated
with all the courtesies due their sex.
“The troop of amazons was organized
by Senora P. Hernandez. Her husband
was killed in one of the first engage
ments of the war. He owned a large
sugar plantation and was* accounted
quite wealthy. The couple have no chil
dren. When told of her husband’s death,
Senora Hernandez said she had lost all
she cared for and would join the rebel
ranks. General Maceo did not like the
idea of women soldiers, but here in
Cuba women mold men as they please,
and the leader finally acceded to her
wishes. The senora enlisted two women
from near her own home and gathered
others as they marched into other locali
ties. She took part in burning her own
plantation, which was ordered done, be
cause, if not done, it would give color
to the charge of favoritism.
“Most women in the army are from
the east and marched across the island
with Maceo, but a few are from the
west. They now number 20, 8 hav
ing been killed. Four of them are ne
gresses. The uniform consists of a red
jacket, blue collar and cuffs, buff colored
trousers made after the fashion of those
worn by American bloomer girls, leather
leggings running to the knees, a wide
belt to carry a revolver and machete, a
leather strap fastened around the body
across the shoulders where the rifle is
slung. The women cut their hair close,
man fashion. Their headgear consists of
a wide straw hat with the brim turned
up in front, making a flat surface which
holds the five pointed emblem of Cuban
liberty.”—Havana Cor. St. Louis
G lobe- Democrat.
A ROMANTIC MARRIAGE.
A Couple Engaged In Youth Marry In
Their Qld Age.
A romantic wedding took place at
Sedan, Kan., recently, in which Squire
Turner of Cedarville, aged 73, mid
Amanda M. Gillespie of McLean county,
Ills., aged 63, were the contracting
parties. By appointment they met at
Sedan and were married by J. D. Mc
Bryan, in the presence of Mr. Turner’s
children, grandchildren and great
Nearly 50 years ago the bride knew
the groom in Illinois. She formed an
attachment for him which lasted all these
years, and although Mr. Turner had re
moved to the west and married another
his present bride waited faithfully for
the time when he would again be free.
Those who are familiar with the case
and remember the love early plighted
in Illinois say it is the most remarkable
on record. Two months ago Squire'fur
ner wrote to Miss Gillespie. The pro
posal of marriage was made and ac
cepted without delay or ceremony.
The happy couple are now comforta
bly housed in their little cottage at Ce
darville, where they are surrounded
with three generations of the Turner
QUEER LITTLE EVA.
Has a Peculiar Larynx, Which She Uses to
Medical and musical people have taken
great interest in the little 8-year-old
whistling girl of New Haven, Eva W.
Spear, because of the rarity of the laryn
geal whistle, a note made entirely from
The little girl whistles all the popu
lar airs in this strange manner, and the
medical fraternity have become so inter
ested in the case they have asked per
mission of her parents to make an ex
amination of the larynx by means of
mirrors and other apparatus. The exam
ination will be made within a few days.
Only one other case, so far as known,
has ever been reported either in this
country or Europe, and that was men
tioned by Dr. Munger of Waterbury,
Conn., in a recent issue of The Medical
This little girl whistles with or with
out accompaniment and takes high oi
low notes without difficulty and w' b
mouth opened or closed. She can whis'f.
with her tongue clasped between hi 1
fingers, the notes all coming from the
From Which Is Gathered How Morton
Regards His Presidential Chances.
The windows of Governor Morton's
mansion in Washington again contain a
card announcing that the property is for
sale or rent. After his election as gov
ernor the house was advertised, and
several wealthy people, including Sen
ator Wetmore of Rhode Island and the
Austrian minister, entered into negotia
tions for it. But the high and inflexible
price placed upon it by the owner pre
vented its sale.
Last fall -when Mr. Morton came out
as a presidential candidate the advertise
ments were taken down, and the agent
explained that it was done by instruc
tions from headquarters. The natural in
ference was that Mr. Morton’s confi
dence in his election induced him to
withdraw the property from the market,
because if he ever is president he will
not live in the White House. The resto
ration of the card therefore is regarded
as a sign of discouragement.—Chicago
A Warning to Wives.
Mrs. John Fawcett of Fall River,
Mass., has been stricken with paralysis
in a peculiar manner. She had gone to
a closet to take some change out of a
coat pocket and had inserted one hand
in a pocket when she felt a sudden pull
on her hand as though some one on the
other side was grasping it. She raised
the other to remove the first hand, when
that, too, lost its power and she col
Mrs. Fawcett is only 19 years old
and was married on Dec. 23, When she
was the bride in the big Salvation
Church Built of Sod.
In Smith county, Kan., stands a
church built of sod taken from the
prairies surrounding, which was dedi
cated recently by the presiding elder of
the Methodist Episcopal church. People
traveled eight miles to witness the Eas
ter services. A month ago the people of
all denominations met and with their
own hands built a place of worship out
of the only material which nature af
A Woman Is Mayor.
The women were victorious in the
election at Cimmaron, Kan., Mrs. C. A.
Curtis being elected mayor by a small
majority over Dr. Lawrence. The elec
tion board is composed wholly of wom
en, who were out in full force.
Mrs. Curtis is over 60 years of age.
She is a woman of good business ability
and is quite wealthy.
Losing Their Only Distinction.
Some of the dark horses mentioned
for the presidency are very light.—Chi
To Fit the Buttons.
Why doesn’t some live Yankee go to
manufacturing campaign buttonholes._
AN ENGLISH VIEW.
Clown: “Oh, Isay! Here’s a jolly old gun. Let’s see how much j
it’ll stand without bustin!”
Pantaloon: “Don’t load ’inu too full, Joey!” d
--- - f
DR. P. S. CASSIDY, Successor to
Drs. Neall & Cassidy.
Go to the established Dental Rooms, 1011 Vine
street, and try their new method for extracting teeth, pos- *
itively without pain or shock to the nerrons system. Peo- A
pie suffering with previous troubles will find this pro- ■
cess superior to all others. 850,000 teeth extracted with w
gas during the past SO years without the slightest incon ■
veuience to our patrons.
TO THE LADIES.
No More Pain In Filling Teeth.
NO MOEE TOOTHACHE.
your teeth are discolored, decayed and sensative, have them treated and filled withoul
pain or inconvenience.
Drs. Neall & Cassidy, 1011 Vine St., Philadelphia
After many years of study and careful research, have discovered their Patent Diamond Enamel that re
semhlea the tootii structure itself in Color, etc., that detection is impossible; it becomes as hard
as flint and preserves them for years. W hen teeth are too sensative to fill with gold the PATENT DIA
MOND ENAMEL allays the irritability of the cavity, and its structure, when once hardened, equals gold
tn durability. In children’s teeth when the enamel becomes sensative, and produces irritability of the
nervous system and often disordered stomach functions, our Patent Diamond Enamel allays all this
trouble and preserves the teeth. Filling with gold and all kinds ef material and treating irregularity of
teeth and diseases of the mouth we give special attention. We have the reputation of inserting the hand
somest and cheapest most life-like artificial teeth. Our beautiful teeth and low prices, surprises and
plese everybody and command for us an immense and increasing business, No charge for gas when
teeta are ordered. People from abroad can come in the morning and wear their teeth home the same day.
Temporary sets to wear while gums are healing. Teeth sent per mail to be mended can have them
returned the same day. Engagements can be made by mail. Office open evenings till 9 o’clock; Sunday
till 8 p. m. German and French spoken. Cnt this out. Don’t forget that Drs 'Neall & Cassidy 1011
Vine St., make the cheapest and best teeth. Show this to your friends
P. S,—No connection with any other office in Philadelphia. 2 1# dw ly
The Old Store Made New!
T. O. HAYDOCK,
13 HLT©xtlx Second St,. HPi3ila.cLclptc.i3.
In the Jeweley Business.
WE INTEND TO LEAD THE TRADE IN THE FUTURE.
Ladies’ 14k Solid Gold Watch, - $18.00
Ladies’-Filled Gold Watcli, ----- 10.00
Gents’ 14k Solid Gold Watch, - 38.00
Gents’-Filled Gold Watch, - - - $10.00 to 20.00
Gents’Solid Silver Elgin or Waltham, Stem Winding, $7 50
WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF REPAIRING.
If your watch does not give you satisfaction we willjput it in first-class
condition or make no charge.
JAY 8. GARRISON.
12 North Second Street, Philadelphia.
FORMERLY OF MILLVILLE, N. J. 2 27 13t w
A brings many beautiful things
® to enjoy, and we think this Spring has brought
us the prettiest designs in jewelry we have ever seen. The
ever-improving facilities of the manufacturer enables us to sell
these really beautiful things at even less prices than we for
merly paid for plainer ones. They are really charming and
you will say their beauty even rivals the
22 South Second St., Philadelphia.
4 16 3ms 3mf STANDARD GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES.
IV\ '\T TT \ Are My Best Advertisement!
-1XL jL XX A X O They Speak for Themselves !
One Price Hatter,
lO S. Second St., iFlaila,
Below Market Street.
3 24 tf
“BETTER WORK WISELY THAN WORK
HARD.” GREAT EFFORTS ARE
UNNECESSARY IN HOUSE
CLEANING IF YOU USE
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