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IN CORTES’ TRACK.
"CAPTURE OF VERA CRIJZ BY THE AMERICAN ARMY IN 1847. General Scott’s First Bold Stroke on Mex ican Soil—The Fortified Posts Taken After a Short Siege—Gallant Deeds of the Navy Fifty Years Ago. (Copyright. 1897. by American Press Asso ciation. Book rights reserved.] U x X earned the war into the heart of Mexico . in 1847 by strik j ing for the capi ' tal city. He took the route fol , lowed by the great Spanish conqueror Cor tes. The contest for the right of way began at the very outset, for the Mexicans had taken advantage of all natural features to defend them selves against invasion. Vera Cruz was a walled town, and the harbor was guarded by the strong castle of San Juan de Ulloa, which stood on an island half a mile from shore. All the de fenses were in charge of skillful artil lerists imported from Germany. San Juan de Ulloa was a four sided, bas tioned work, armed with 128 guns and manned by over 1,000 soldiers, Before attempting to land at Vera Cruz the Americans diverted the at tention of the enemy by blockading its ports down the coast. That done, a fleet of warships and transports carrying 12,000 land troops appeared in the har bor. In order to put the soldiers ashore as quickly as possible, G5 long boats had been provided. Two war steamers and five gunboats stood well inshore to ■cover the landing. At a signal the boats put off from the ships, and as soon as they touched the beach the soldiers leaped out and lined themselves along the hills, each regiment by itself rally ing around its own flag. In order to try the Mexican fire, the steamer Spitfire ran into the harbor and opened on the town. Every Mexican gun that bore on the harbor answered the shots, and in that way the exact lo cation of the enemy’s batteries was dis covered. Soon after the army landed a terrific norther swept over the harbor and threatened to destroy the American navy and transport fleet. The gunboat Hunter was sunk, but her crew escaped. The very next day Scott made a formal demand for the surrender of the town. This was hotly rejected, and the Mexi cans fired several shots in defiance. Then the American batteries opened, and a spirited artillery duel took place. The navy armament with Scott was un der command of Captain Matthew Cal braith Perry, brother of the hero of Lake Erie, and it might be supposed that he was not a man to forego any of the dangers or glory of the fight. It be came evident that the battle would be narrowed down to a long range artillery combat. Scott had said at the beginning: “Vera Cruz must be taken with a loss not exceeding 100 men. For every one over that number I shall regard myself the murderer. ” The old hero had been urged to carry the place by storm, but he said that would result in a horrible slaughter of all sexes and ages and other consequences too revolting to think of. In order to strengthen his batteries Scott asked for some heavy shell guns from the fleet. Perry replied, “Certain ly, but I must fight them!” Scott plead ed for the guns, but Perry said firmly, “Wherever the guns go, my officers and men go.” Perry had his way about it, and that led to the establishment of the famous naval battery. To this battery the guns in the castle of San Juan de Ulloa paid special attention throughout the siege. One day a good shot by Lieu tenant Baldwin carried away a flagstaff GENERAL WINFIELD SCOTT. [At the age of thirty-seven.] on a Spanish fort. A young German ol the garrison, Lieutenant Halzinger, leaped the parapets, picked up the flag and nailed it to the stump of the staff. That fort, the St. Jago, was finally silenced by the fire of the naval battery and abandoned. Scott frequently visited tho trenches to see how the batteries were doing. At such times he boldly looked over the ramparts, and, seeing that, the soldiers did the same. “Down, down, men! Don’t expose yourselves,” commanded the veteran. “But, general, you aro exposed,” was the reply. “Oh,” said he, smiling, “generals nowadays can be made out of anybody, but men cannot be had so easily. ” It was the deeds of the navy after all that gave spirit to the siege. The day after the great norther swept the harbor Captain Tattnall bombarded the town with his “mosquito fleet.” It was an engagement worthy of the future com mander of the ram Merrimac. His fleet comprised the steamers Spitfire and Vix en and five gunboats under sail. One schooner was left at anchorage for a blind, and the others were taken in tow of the steamers which sailed down the channel on pretense of going to sea. At a favorable turning point the fleet turn ed its course and instead of going out side of the bar steamed up within 800 yards of Fort San Juan de Ulloa and lay between that famous castle and Fort St. Jago. From that position the shots reached the city. As soon as the Mexican gunners in the forts got over their surprise at the Yankee’s audacity, they concentrated a fire of shot and shell upon the unprotected wooden ships. Their missiles flew fast and furi ous, and the water round the vessels was churned into foam, but they had run inside the range of the Mexican guns, so that the artillerists, with all their skill, could scarcely make a shot tell. All spectators of this scene were pre pared to see every one of the ships sunk, but only three shots struck the targets. After bombarding the city one hour Tatnall received orders from Perry to withdraw lest all his ships might be lost, but the ships continued fighting until a second order came, which was peremptory. Pausing in his work to read the message, Tattnall exclaimed, “Ah, this may not make life longer, ’tis true, but it makes it a good deal broader. ” Following upon this spirited incident, Perry planned a boat attack upon the water batteries to be led by himself in person, but on the day fixed for it the Mexicans sounded a parley on the walls. Immediately after Captain Tattnall’s attack upon the city the British, French, Spanish and Prussian consuls asked for a truce to permit women and children to withdraw. Scott referred them to a notification given by him some days be fore when he had sent safeguards to the foreign consuls in the city, apprised them of the dangers that lay before the □oncombatants, and the fact that the blockade would be left open for consuls ind all neutrals to pass out. They had not taken advantage of his offer, and (he time set by him having expired be COMMODORE TATTNALL. [Naval hero of the Mexican war, afterward in the Confederate service. ] could not grant further truce, except upon the application of the Mexican governor and commander in chief of Vera Cruz. The day following this correspondence the American batteries again bombarded the city all day, inflicting awful slaugh ter upon the town. That night another terrible norther swept over the region, so terrible that soldiers were temporarily blinded by the clouds of sand driven into their faces. Then the commander in chief asked for terms. The place capitulated—that is, the garrison deliv ered it up to the enemy, but marched out with the honors of war. They grounded arms outside of their works. Scott’s prisoners numbered 5,000. Four hundred guns were taken, many of them of ancient pattern. These are now preserved in Washington as souvenirs of the war with the Spaniards. Uwing to a revolution in the interior of Mexico the Santa Anna government could do nothing for the defense of the town of Vera Cruz, and had left it to its own resources. The garrison consist ed of regular soldiers and volunteers, about equally divided. With this small force Vera Cruz, “the invincible,” re solved to go down fighting rather than “stain with eternal censure her title to heroism.” In the defense 600 Mexican soldiers shed their blood, and 400 of the number lost their lives. Mexican ac counts of the siege stated that between 400 and 500 noucombatants perished in the beleaguered town. The same ac counts say also that the victors showed every consideration to tho vanquished. 1 General Worth was appointed com- j mandant and governor of the captured | post, and his division went into bivouac J on a plain one mile from the city lim its. The American soldiery and camp j followers were ruled by martial law, j but the Mexican laws as between Mex- | icaus were enforced and justice admin istered by regular Mexican tribunals. ' After resting a month on the coast Scott put his army in motion for a wonderful j march of conquest through the valley ' of Mexico. Captain Tattnall was not a stranger to Vera Cruz. He had been there more than ten years before, and, in fact, had conquered it entirely alone. After the capture of Santa Anna in Texas the old dictator was sent home in Captain Tatt nall’s vessel. Upon his landing at Vera Cruz he was met by a mob thirsting for his blood, for he was very unpop ular throughout Mexico, and the people intended to shoot him. Having been ap prised of this, Tattnall went ashore with him and walked arm in arm up the main street. After the lesson that they had been taught the Mexicans did not dare fire upon Uncle Sam’s repre sentative. The brave sailor went with l Santa Anna to his quarters and staid with him until a strong bodyguard of his partisans came to the rescue. George L. Kilmer. Practical Difference. The veteran actor said: ‘‘Oh, yes, indeed, you certainly are quite mistaken in thinking there is no practical difference between the roman tic drama and the realistic. Yes. Now, to illustrate, I have been hero in both, and in both have I gathered the heroine to my bosom. In the romantic drama a celluloid bosom went; in the realistic drama nothing but linen would go for I a minute.”—Detroit Journal. TURKS SHYOF ANGELL The Michigan Man May Be Minister to Spain Instead of Turkey. SENATORS WHO LIKE SUGAR, The Tillman Resolution of Investigation to lie Reported 1'avorably—Scheme to Tax llank Checks Seems Al most Certain of Adoption. Washington, May 31.—It is said that Dr. Angell of Michigan may go as min ister to Spain instead of to Turkey. In quiries by the Turkish minister regard ing the alleged religious prejudices of Dr. Angell suggest a probability that the Ottoman government will exercise its right of declining to receive him. The explanations which have been made by the state department will pos sibly satisfy Turkey of the new minis ter’s fitness for his post, but this has not yet been determined. In the mean time Dr. Angell has returned to his home at Ann Arbor to await further orders. At the state department it is firmly denied that any objection has been made to the reception of Dr. Angell as minister, but it is the fact that some time ago Mr. Terrell was acquainted by the porte with the fact that the Turk ish government would be pleased to know whether certain ideas of the qualities and record of the new minis ter were well founded. In Dr. Angell’s case the inquiries are supposed to be based upon his connec tion with some religious organization which the porte suspects of peculiar antipathy to the Mohammedan faith. While in Dr. Angell’s case there was no formal complaint, it was the belief of the officials that it would be best at once to meet the suspicions, apparently founded in error, and to present the truth. To this end the Turkish minister here, Mustafa Bey, has been consulted, and explanations have been made to him that, in the opinion of the state department, will satisfy the Turkish government as to the minister’s fitness for his post and his acceptability to the Turks. The Sugar Scandals. Senator Jones of Nevada, chairman of the committee on contingent ex penses, has made inquiry among sen ators regarding the Tillman resolution for an investigation of the sugar scan dals and decided that it would better be reported favorably. There is no great anxiety for the pro posed inquiry apparent, but it is felt that the senate cannot afford to ignore the charges which have been brought so prominently to public attention. The Republicans admit that when the last Democratic tariff bill was being framed an investigation was ordered into alle gations somewhat similar to those now made. They cannot therefore object to a like scrutiny while their own meas ure is under fire. Democratic senators are not indiffer ent. The only name mentioned so far belongs to one of their party, and this is held to be a reason for his vindica tion if possible. There is talk by some of not submit ting to the "dictation” of newspapers, and it is suggested that self respect and public opinion would justify the sen ate's downright refusal to be coerced on vague and irresponsible statements. To this the answer is made that un pleasant gossip about the senate is abroad in the land, and that, whether rightfully or not, an unfavorable im pression as to the honesty of the sen ate exists throughout the country. Agreed on One Point. This impression, it is held, should be removed, and the investigation called for by the Tillman resolution offers a way that should promptly be taken ad vantage of. No senator seems to have an idea that anybody will be convicted of wrongdoing. If corruption exists, it is not expected that the tracks leading up to it will be so plain as to be easily discovered. The senate’s confidence in its integrity is not so strong as is the belief that evidence cannot be produced to disprove the denials which will be made. un one point tne senators are agreed, and that is that they will not submit again to what they term the indignity of being placed on the stand in alpha betical order to declare their inno cence. The special committee, it is said, must examine the correspondents who have printed stories giving names or where the number of stock jobbing senators were indicated. What the sen ate will do to these correspondents if they do not give some authority for their assertions may be judged by the prosecution of the witnesses now going on in the District court. It is not decided how wide the scope of the inquiry will be, but it is noticea ble that there is a purpose to make an issue between the senate and certain members of the press instead of be tween the people and the Sugar trust. Bank Check Stamp Tax. Senator Carter of Montana says he is certain there will be an internal reve nue tax imposed on bank checks, deeds and mortgages as a substitute for the proposed senate increase on beer, cigars and cigarettes. The announcement of Senator Vest on Tuesday that he would oppose the beer and tobacco tax increases has not received the full sig nificance it deserves. Mr. Vest spoke as the representative of the Democrats in the senate, and it has been discov ered that there are a sufficient number of senators, including Mr. Hanna, op posed to the beer tax to make a ma jority. Consequently the Republican mem bers have to decide upon other meth ods of obtaining revenue than that agreed upon in the finance committee. The anticipatory imports have been so heavy as to make it seemingly impossi ble to make up for the deficiency by tariff duties. The stamp tax, it is said, offers the only way out of the dilemma. The subject will not be reached In the bill for some time, but it is predicted with confidence that the change will be made as a temporary resort. Ranged Himself. Lawrence, Mass., May 31.—Fenton Williamson, years years of age, an operative, while despondent hanged himself yesterday. A Warning to Boys, Albany, May 31.—Henry Platt, aged ■12, was killed by an electric car yester day while stealing a ric'e. LEOPOLD ON A LABK. The King of the Belgians Off on a Mys terious Jaunt, London, May 31.—There is a good deal of mystery about the recent move ments of the king of the Belgians. This state of things cannot be regarded as unusual, for Leopold II has long been the most unconventional of monarchs. In the middle of last week the official court chronicler in Brussels gave to the press the customary paragraphs that the king breakfasted so and so, dined ,-at such an hour, went to walk in the park, etc., while all the time his majes ty was strolling about London seeing the jubilee preparations and enjoying himself generally in a quiet sort of way. Some say that he perpetrated a little joke by proceeding to Sheffield last week when Queen Victoria paid a visit to that city, and the old lady was scared to see her royal kinsman on foot in the front line of the big crowd of en thusiastic Yorkshiremen. Whether the story is true or not, it is certain that King Leopold might have seen the queen at any moment before her departure for Scotland on Friday evening and did not take advantage of the opportunity. But on Sunday last he suddenly started off after her maj esty and traveled to Balmoral as an ordinary passenger. After seeing the queen the king made tracks for Glasgow, where his yacht was opportunely anchored, and aboard that vessel he sailed on Wednesday morning for parts unknown. If the list of people aboard the yacht could have been obtained, light might have been thrown upon the mystery, but the ves sel was jealously guarded while In port, and the king selected the witching hour of midnight for joining her. The natural impulse of those unac quainted with King Leopold's ways would be to connect such a journey as that to Balmoral with affairs of state. But those who know the man would scout such an explanation. Five years ago, during a similar mysterious jaunt, an enterprising Belgian journalist had the king watched for 24 hours in Lon don. The result was poor reading in deed, for the king rose at 11 o’clock in the morning, lunched at a cafe in Re gent street, walked in the park most of the afternoon, dined at the same cafe, visited a fashionable music hall, return ed to his hotel at 11 p. m and presuma bly went to bed. THE EMERGENCY RATION. A Test That Fully Proves Its Efficiency In Military Movements. Fort Sill, I. T., May 31.—Troop E, First cavalry, has just returned from a ten days’ march on five days’ emer gency rations. The trip was made as a test. The troop was commanded by Captain W. S. Brown, and he was fol lowed by Lieutenant W. H. Osborne, one day behind, with a relief detach ment in case of trouble. The troop was accompanied by Colonel Charles Smart, surgeon, detailed from Wash ington to make a report upon the trial. The troop as it came into the post looked well and hearty for the usual wear and tear of field service. The horses suffered some, as they were de prived of grain. Captain Brown ex pressed himself as well pleased with the results, and except for some minor changes in equipments suggests no im provements upon the ration as adopted. Colonel Smart says it is now fully demonstrated that a body of men can march ten days on the prepared half rations and be as well equipped physi cally at the end of the trip to meet the enemy as when they started. The men lost about four pounds each, none of them were sick, and Colonel Smart says the results of the trip are satis factory in every respect, fully establish ing the emergency ration as a perma nent and tried institution in every equipment. Township Records Missing. Atlantic Highlands, N. J., May 31.— The books and records of Middletown township, Monmouth county, have dis appeared. The officials are about to be gin ar, investigation into the affairs of the town, and it was while preparing for the work that the books were miss ing. The news led to the report that there was a shortage in the accounts of some of the township officials, and that the books had been stolen to hide the matter. This is denied, but no one can account for the disappearance of the books. Nellie lily’s Latest. Chicago, May 31.—Nellie Bly, who achieved notoriety a few years ago by a lightning chase around the world and later married an aged millionaire. Rob ert Seaman, now wants to be detective. With that end in view, she now is in this city. She believes Chief Kipley is in need of a woman of her attainments to do fine police work, but as yet she has not succeeded in convincing the head of the police department. Knights of Pythias Lose. I.ansing, Mich., May 31.—The Im proved Order Knights of Pythias has won a victory in its controversy with the supreme lodge, Knights of Pythias. The latter sought to enjoin the former from using the ritual and jewels of the Order of Knights of Pythias and from using the name Improved Ordet^Cnights ef Pythias. The supreme cour^jstains the circuit court in Detroit in dismiss ing the hill for an injunction. Delaware’s Legislature. Dover, Del., May 31.—The Delaware legislature has adjourned until Jan. 11,’ 1898, when it will again meet to enact the legislation necessary to enforce the new constitution soon to be promulgat ed by the constitutional convention, Philadelphia Gets Dowd. Philadelphia, May 31.—A baseball trade by which the Philadelphia club secures the services of Dowd of the St. Louis club in exchange for Hallman, Grady and Harley has been consum mated. An Adirondack Dank. Washington, May 31.—The comptrol ler of the currency has given authority for the organization of the Adirondack National bank of Saranac Lake, N. Y„ to begin business; capital, $50,000. Died For a Jilt. Syracuse, May 31.—George A. Beggs, a drug clerk, received a letter from his sweetheart yesterday breaking oft the engagement, gnd he Immediately took cyanide of potash and died. Dr. Miquel Likely to Succeed Prince Hohenlohe as Chancellor, A ROTTEN POLICE SERVICE. The Government Spy System a Network of Corruption—Moral Depravity Dis closed by the Von Tauscli Trial. Military Secrets Betrayed. Berlin, May 31.—The government’s virtual defeat in the diet on the law of association bill has roused considerable interest in parliamentary circles as to whether Prince Hohenlohe and the cabinet will survive it. The resigna tions of Prince Hohenlohe, the imperial chancelllor; Baron von Bieberstein, the minister for foreign affairs, and Dr. von Boetticher, the imperial secretary of state for the interior, are still in the emperor’s hands, and just now it is said that Dr. Miquel, the minister of finance, may become the successor of Prince Hohenlohe, the emperor feeling great confidence in Dr. Miquel’s skill and energy. Dr. Miquel, however, is in poor health. As an important outcome of the agi tation due to the law of association bill the Socialists of Prussia have re solved to take part in the future in the diet elections, even though the prevail ing electoral system does not give them a chance of electing their own candi dates, but it will enable them to throw victory in many districts to the Liber al candidates instead of to the Con servatives. This change of tactics up on the part of the Socialists is expect ed to gain for them another 250,000 Prussian votes, which could also be used in the reichstag elections. The Von Tausch Trial. The trial of Herr von Tausch, the former chief of the secret political po lice, charged with perjury, treason and forgery, which began on Monday last, monopolizes public attention. The pro ceedings will last for at least another week. Though a number of revela tions have been made showing the rot tenness and moral turpitude of the Berlin secret police, there is a general impression that much interesting in formation has been withheld by Von Tausch and by Baron von Luetzow, the chief witness against him, espe cially regarding the intrigues of high dignitaries, to “queer” a number of past and present ministers. The presiding judge repeatedly ex pressed indignation at the network of corruption and baseness into which the depositions of the defendants threw light. Von Luetzow admitted that the names of well known citizens were fre quently forged to receipts for money received as recompense for spy service. Von Tausch said that the police com missioners necessarily had to shield the criminal acts of their subordinate agents against the law, otnerwise, he added, no police commissioner could accomplish anything, as usually the most clever agents were the worst men from a moral standpoint. Corrupt Newspapers. The prisoner revealed a number of damaging incidents against the owners and editors of Berlin newspapers. Herr Schweinburg, the owner of two Berlin newspapers, was charged with receiv ing an annual bribe of 39,000 marks from the Disconto society. It was also elicited that Normann Schumann, who was implicated in the scandal which re sulted in Von Luetzow being sentenc ed to 16 months’ imprisonment in De cember last, while writing at Von Tausch’s behest scurrilous articles against members of the present cabi net and the emperor, was paid by Von Tausch for instituting make believe inquiries into the authorship of these articles and for charging wholly inno cent persons with writing them. Nor mann Schumann escaped from Berlin previous to the arrest of Von Luetzow. The testimony this week of the min ister for foreign affairs, Baron Mar schall von Bieberstein, and of the Ger man embassador to Austria, Count Philip von Eulenburg, is awaited with curiosity. There was another sensational trial last week, the prisoners being charged with treasonable acts in favor of Rus sia and committed at Thorn, the most important Russian fortress on the Rus sian border. Pahrin, a fortification mas ter, and a court official named Al brecht were the principal defendants. Several Russian go betwedns (led the country in time to escape arrest. Military Secrets Betrayed. The evidence showed that important military secrets, especially regarding the nature of the equipments of the Prussian frontier fortifications, had been betrayed. Fahrin was sentenced to four years’ imprisonment. The fiscal year just closing shows the surplus of the imperial budget to be 190,000,000 marks and the surplus of the Prussian budget to be nearly 100,000, 000 marks. Much astonishment is expressed at the refusal of the emperor to attend the gorgeous banquet offered him in connection with the fall maneuvers by the city of Weisbaden. As the sole reason for this refusal his majesty cit ed the large expense and the luxury of a feast costing :;5.000 marks. Hitherto the emperor has f.ivored large expendi tures on similar occasions. According to an official report, 235 foreigners have been expelled from Ger many this yeai up to the month of May. Of this number 46 were Ameri cans. Mrs. Richard Olney, wife of the for mer secretary of state, is on a visit here to her daughter. Senator Hanna Denies It. Washington, May 31.—Senator Han na is quite concerned over the publica tion of a report to the effect that he has promised the railroads that a pool ing bill should be enacted out of con sideration for the alleged assistance rendered the Republican party by the railroad companies in the recent cam paign. The report, he said, “is prepos terous, and I indignantly deny it." Wanted to Kill Himself. Oshkosh, Wis., May 31.—Judge Bur nell sentenced Banker T. B. Shove of Manitowoc, Wis., convicted of illegal banking, to pay a fine of $2,000 and the costs. Shove attempted to address the court, but broke down. After receiving his sentence he took out a knife, with the evident intent to commit sulcld' but he was overpowered. Successful growers of fruits, berries, ind all kinds of vegetables, know that the largest yields and best quality are produced by the liberal use of fertilizers containing at least 10% of Actual Potash. Without the liberal use of Pot ash on sandy soils, it is impos sible to grow fruits, berries and vegetables of a quality that will command the best prices. 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