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CANNY INSECT WORKERS.
"Ihey Fertilize Flowers For Strictly Utili tarian Reasons. A correspondent writes: “The theory of the origin of flowers by the selection of insects is one which has attracted much attention both in scientific cir cles and from the general pnblic. Set forth by Darwin in the ‘Origin of Spe cies’ it has been largely developed in a Series of interesting publications by Sir -John Lubbock and Mr. Grant Allen. Some fresh and interesting light has now been thrown on it by a series of experiments recently carried out by Professor Plateau of the University of <3heut. Professor Plateau has arrived at the conclusion that insects are indiffer ent to the colors of the flowers they ■visit, and that they are guided to them in a very subordinate way by sight. The experiments on which the Belgian professor bases his farreachiug conclu sions are briefly these: Having covered the brightly colored flowers of single dahlias in his garden with bits of green leaf, he found that they were still visit ed by insects. This seemed so much at variance with the generally received view that insects are attracted to flow ers chiefly by their color that Professor Plateau instituted a prolonged series of experiments and observations to put the matter still further to the proof. The result has been to confirm and strength en the conclusions drawn from the first experiments. Cutting off the brightly colored corollas of such flowers as lo belia, evening primrose, foxglove, etc., he found the remaining green parts were still visited. Again there are some brightly colored flowers which are sel dom or never visited by insects owing to their lack of honey. Notable among these is the scarlet geranium of our gar den. But when a little honey was placed on geranium flowers bees came to them at once, those blossoms which had not received honey being passed over. “Other conspicuous flowers were tried in a similar way with like results. The experiment of removing the honey bear ing parts of a flower and leaving the brightly colored part, which was sup posed to be attractive, was also tried with the single dahlia. Its inner florets were removed, leaving the conspicuous outer ones, a piece of yellow leaf being placed in the center. No insects went to these honeyless flowers. But as soon as a drop of nectar was placed on them they visited them as freely as before. Again, Professor Plateau made artificial flowers with pieces of green leaf, each furnished with a little honey. These were freely visited by insects. But arti ficial flowers made of colored material Were neglected, even when supplied with honey. “In further support of his views Pro fessor Plateau is able to bring forward the following facts as to the habits of insects in visiting flowers: They will pass freely and with apparent indiffer- j ence from one color to another of va rieties of the same species growing to- 1 gether in our gardens; they visit a great number of green and greenish colored floweTs; tbere-are many small and in conspicuous flowers which are also free ly visited. Such is a brief outline of Professor Plateau’s observations and ex periments, from which he believes him self justified in drawing the conclusion that sight plays a very subordinate part in attracting insects to flowers. Their bearing on the theory of thaiusect origin of flowers isobvious. ”—London Times. ‘The Old Man Was Cured. '“Talk about curing people of bad habits, one of the funniest cases I ever ! know occurred on the south side some j years ago,” said Detective Thomas Me- j Quaide. “There was an old fellow over : there who would insist on fussing with j his wife, who would invariably give him the worst of it. Then he would run up stairs and hang out of the second story window, holding to the ledge, shouting like wildfire that he was going to drop and kill himself. Of course the ■wife would relent and set up a noise that would bring out the neighbors for blocks, and the man would be pulled in the window by friends. “This got to be coming too frequently, and some of the boys who lived near, and who had loosened several juiuts in their spines at different times pulling him in, decided to stop it. One fine day it came again. The old fellow hung out of the window, shouting that he would surely jump and end it all; the wife came rushing into the street in hysterics, : and the neighbors ran as before to pull him up. The first man who got there hit the man’s lingers with a stick, mak ing him loosen his hold, and, to the horror of all, he dropped to the hard pavement with a howl that was pitiful. He was not badly hurt, but it cured him of that bad habit.”—Pittsburg Dis patch. THE HORSE SHOW. Sam Caton writes from Russia that he bas won $50,000 since Jan. 1. Frank Walker has been engaged to start -at most of the grand circuit meetings. European parties are trying to kiduoe C. J. Hamlin to put a price on Daredevil, 3:09%. San Francisco has a riding club of 180 *nembers, many of whom use trotting bred .horses. There is a report that Nightingale, 3:10%, who has been bred for several years, will be trained again. George Hayes, lately of the Cloverdell ' farm, will take tho position of head train- 1 er at the Patchen Wilkes farm. Haley, 2:17, by Nelson, 2:09, has been off the turf for a couple of years, but will be trained in 1898 for a fastor record. Frank Wallingford has returned from a trip to England. While on the othor side bo sold Chazy Boy, 2:13%, for 200 guineas. At Forbes farm there is a colt by Arion, f2:07%, dam llouri, 2:17, by Omvard, that Is said to be phonomonally fast as a year ling. Thero is a young horse in Maine named IKom Horn, by Kremlin, out of Bolle of .Nelson, which is said to bo a grand pros jpect. Onr Dick, 2:10%, paoing, by Gibraltar, 'bas been shipped from California to Hono lulu, where the light harness interests seem to be improving. BOTANY BAY HISTORY THE TRUE STORY OF THE NOTORI OUS SOUTH SEA SITE. No Convict Was Ever Landed There, No Settlement Ever Made There, and It Has Never Had Anything: to Do With England's Penal System. The first convict fleet sailed away from England in May, 1787, called at Rio Janeiro and arrived at Botany Bay early in January, 1788. In the fleet were a 20 gun frigate, an armed tender, three storeships and six transports, far the largest fleet that ever sailed to the South sea, though the largest vessel measured only 450 tons and the small est only 270 tons. On the six small transports for this long, tropical voyage were packed con victs numbering 564 men and 192 wom en. There were also carried 168 marines and 10 officers, a few surgeons and me chanics, the wives of 40 of the marines and 13 children, the offspring of con victs. Approximately 1,000 persons therefore went to found the colony in the newest world less than 110 years old. Captain Philip of the British navy was placed in command of the expedi tion and given a commission as governor and captain general of New South Wales, It is easy for the visitor of today to understand the blank dismay that Philip must have felt when the fleet sailed into Botany Bay and he saw for the first time the place which had been recommended to him as the spot for set tlement. It had been selected by the ad vice of Captain Cook, whose botanists had been so delighted with the profu sion of new plants they found there that they had given it the expressive name. Philip found on first examination that a more unsuitable site for a new settle ment hardly could have been chosen. The bay was shallow, there was no good anchorage, there was no good wa ter, and the adjacent land was not fer tile, except for botanical specimens. Leaving the fleet anchored in the bay, Philip started up the coast in his tender to hunt for a better borne. Nine miles to the northward he found himself fac ing those great gates now known as Sydney head, which Cook had seen from a distance, and, satisfied with Botany Bay, had marked on iiis chart as a possible harbor for small boats. Philip rounded the south head and was amazed to see opening before him the bays of Port Jackson—Snyder harbor now—famed the world over as the finest harbor in the seven seas and disputed for that distinction by few. Three days of exploration left no possible doubt that this was the place to be selected, and Philip returned at once to Botany. The fleet was standing out of the bay, when two French frigates appeared in the offing. They bore an exploring party under Comte de la Perouse, without hostile intentions, which was an im. meuse relief to the colonists. Botany Bay was left to the Frenchmen. They refreshed and refitted there, staying un til March, and burying on shore one of their company, the naturalist of the ex pedition, who died of wounds received in an encounter with the natives of an island they had touched. A few mouths later the French expedition was ship wrecked, and every one of the crew was murdered by the natives of Vauikoro, one of the Santa Cruz islands. In 1825 a monument was erected by the French government to the memory of the com mander of the expedition at Botany Bay. This is all of the story of Botany Bay, a name long infamous because of its as sociation with convict transportation. No convict ever was landed there, no settlement ever was made there, and it never had anything more to do with the “system” than I have related. It is a circular hay, with an entrance so wide as to leave it almost an open roadstead. The shores are flat, low, sandy and un interesting. When I went there not long ago, the tide was out and the beach was foul with all sorts of drifts. One peninsula, which juts between the bay and the ocean, has been reserved for noxious trades, and they will elbow the obelisk erected to the memory of Captain Cook, so that in the future the bay will be no more savory than its name has been, unjustly, in the past. The French mon ument is at the other side of the en trance to the bay. It was the 26th of January, 1788, when the fleet of Governor Arthur Philip entered what is now Sydney har bor. The settlement of the continent of Australia was begun.—Chicago Record. ORCHARD AND GARDEN Cultivate thoroughly during the early part of the season. Small trees are less liable to damage in handling and slipping. No animals but hogs should be allowed to run loose in the orchard. In transplanting do not let the root* re main exposed to cold or storms. One ot the easiest ways of dwarfing pears is by budding on the quince. Plenty of room will give thriftiest and longest lived trees and better fruit. A limb or any part of the foliage should not be removed without good reason. It is poor economy to attempt to grow a crop of small grain in a young orchard. An orohard of apples on a large scale should be composed of a few winter vari eties. Wood ashes put around strawberry and raspberry plants will bo found very bene ficial. When it is necessary to cut a limb from a tree, it should be cut close to the body as possible. Dwarf pears and grapes are two good fruits that seem especially adapted to small places. a Grossing or wooa asnes win in a measure prevent the ravogos of maggots and cutworms. While shallow cultivation is usually best in the orchard, care should be takon to make it thorough. t In forcing strawberries they should not be allowed to overbear or the crop of 1 fruit will be small.—St. Louis Republic. SHE WON BEAUTIFULLY. I It Cost Him the Better Part, of a Cigar to Learn Politeness. They hoarded an east bound Market street r+.r at Forty-first street. It was after 1 o’clock in the morning, and he wanted to smoke, having probably just dined or supped at a ball which was be ing given in the neighborhood. She didn’t want to smoke and she didn’t want to be separated from him. “Come on inside the car,” she plead ed. “No,” he answered. “I am going to smoke. Go inside yourself, and when I have finished my cigar I will join you.” But this didn’t suit her. “If you stay out here to smoke,” she retorted, “I’ll stay right with you.” He looked at her a moment, and then evidently concluded that she was bluff ing. Bulling out a big cigar, he lighted it, and, settling himself comfortably against the dashboard of the car, he be gan to pull away as if his life depended upon it. Nothing daunted, she took a place alongside of him and calmly fold ing her arms started up a lively con versation. The spectacle was an odd one, and at tracted the attention of every passenger in the car as well as of those who got on at various corners. He tried to urge her inside the ear a number of times, but she refused to go. In this fashion the two rode across the bridge and half way to city hall before he weakened. The anticipated jeers of the people be knew would be on Market street in the center of the city were too much for him, and, throwing away the biggest end of bis cigar, be sullenly said, “Well, if you won’t go inside without me I suppose I’ll have to trot along.” Theu he took a seat away up in the front end, and she settled herself beside him. Meanwhile the whole car smiled audibly.—Philadelphia Inquirer. WHAT IT COSTS TO SMOKE. A Library Which Materialized From Ta booed Five Cent Cigars. “How can you afford all these books?” asked a young man, calling upon a friend. “I can’t seem to find sparo change for even the leading magazines. ” “Ob, that library is only my ‘one cigar a day,’ ” was the reply. “'iVhatdo you mean,” inquired the visitor. “Alean? Just this: When you advised mo to indulge in an occasional cigar several years ago, I had been reading about a young fellow who bought books with money that others would have burned in cigars, and I thought I would try to do the same. You may remember that I said I should allow myself one cigar a day?” “Yes, I recall the conversation, but don’t quite see the connection.” “Well, I never smoked, but I put by the price of a 5 cent cigar every day, and as the money accumulated I bought books-—the very books you see.” “ You don’t mean to say that your books cost no more than that! Why, there are dollars’ worth of them.” “Yes, I know there are. I had sis years more of my apprenticeship to serve when you advised me ‘to Le a man.’ I put by the money, which, at 5 corns a day, amounted to §18.25 a year, cr >.109.50 in six years. I keep those boohs by themselves as a result of my apprenticeship cigar money, and if you'd done as I did you would by this time have saved many, many more dol lars than I have and would have been better eff in health and self respect be sides. ’ ’—Success. A doctor tells a good story in connec tion with a lad who, until recently, was in his employ. It was part of his duties to answer the surgery bell and to usher the prospective patients into the consulting room. One morning there presented himself at the surgery entrance a mechanic with whom But tons was on speaking terms. “Hello, Jackson!” he remarked. “What’s the matter with ye?” “Oh, I just want to see the doctor, ” replied the visitor “Have yer brought yer symptoms with yer?” inquired Buttons. “That’s the lust thing he'll ask yer about. If ye ain’t brought 'em, ye’d better pop back, nn get ’em He won’t be down fur a quarter of an hour, an he’s awful per tikler about em!” “And would you believe it"” adds the doctor, “that fellow was actually about to act on the boy’s advice when I entered the surgery’” if Tested and Tried ] Would you feel perfectly safe to put all your money in a new bank ? One you have just heard of? But how about an old bank ? One that has done business for over a quarter of a century ? One that has always kept its promises? One that never failed ; never misled you in any way ? You could trust such a bank, couldn't you? SCOTT'S EMULSION M I „ of COD-LIVER OIL WITH « k HYPOPHOSPHITES is just M g. like such a bank. It has never •-* If disappointed you, never will. • JC It has never deceived you, 5 g never will. k J- Look out that someone «| k does not try to make you S J invest your health in a new if tonic, some new medicine » k you know nothing of. jj k 5oc- «nd $1.00; all druggists, > k SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists, New York, * kfckkkkfckkkkkkkkkkkkfcfcfckfck* FASHION AND FABRICr*" The sole of shepherd’s chocks and fnnoy ^ summer silks has been phenomenal. iho tilt of the hat over the eyes does not scorn to prove as popular as the tilt at the . side. Certainly it is not so becoming. I The nosv plain and silk striped French ehalhe fabrics are brought out in very many of the beuutlful designs popular in niatelnsso silks, pompadour sutins, indias and foulards. Toques composed entirely of flowers will ho very much in fashion this summer. They are uncommonly pretty, genteel and becoming this yuar, as the blossoms are did itily veiled with tulle or fine meshed silk net. Laces and embroideries in white and colors are prodigally used in the making up of •wash” gowns for next season, the ma jority of which, however, aro not intended to ever pass through the cruciblo of the laundry. In ordering lace gowns in black, white or ecru it should be remembered that wa tered silk ns a foundation is thought by French ateliers to greatly enhance the beauty of all lace patterns, either in net or flouncing. For millinery uses, for trimming hnnd snmo summer gowns, capes and fichus, groat use will he made of point de venise laces. Some of the patterns are of a sub stantial quality, resembling guipure, and come in widths from 2,'i to 10 inches. This year thero are many dress pat terns of swiss muslin, linen lawn and organdie, which come with beautiful designs wrought upon them. Host of these are remarkably handsome, very ef fective when made up and moderate in price. White dresses, hats and parasols will he in marked favor tlie coming season, and where color is added on the hat. trimmed with soft white ostrich plumes it will, ns u rule, bo either yellow roses and satin ribbon or pink or mauve flowers and rib bon, if more bocoming.—New York Post. THE HORSE SHOW. The new grand stand at Hungor, Me., will Feat 4,000 people. Matt Laird gives Rubinstein a couple of clow repeats each week. The Canadians believe that the war be tween the I'nited States and Spain will boom their racing. The noted English jockey, Charles Wood, was born in 1S54 anti first appren ticed to Joseph Dawson. The stock returns from New South Wales show a decrease of 21,900 horses caused by recent droughts. G. W. Crawford. Newark, O., has ship ped 107 head of the finest horses he could find in Ohio and Indiana to France. A purse of $1,000 will be offered for the 2:20 trotters at the New Jersey state fair, which will be held at Waverly park Sept. 5 to 9. Monbars, 2:11%, who made Michigan famous several years ago by his numerous sales, is now doing stud duty at Mount Brydges, Ont. Aspring stirrup for horseback'" riding, which removes the jar as the horse strikes the ground, has been invented by a genius iu West Virginia. The fastest mile of tho season at Selma, Ala., was worked Saturday, April 23, by Tommy Britton and The Abbott in 2:15%, last half in 1:05%. At.Selma, Theodore Alien recently step ped Psinyra Boy, 2:07%, a mile in 2:17, last eighth in 15 seconds. Palmyra Boy has not had a hopple on this winter. Only one standard bred horse has so far been taken to South Edmunton, Alberta, Northwest Territories, and that is Chief Goodenough, by Roscoe, 2:30—Kate B, by Hailstorm.—Horseman. Unconventional Lady Aberdeen. Her ladyship’s dinner parties are rath er the outcome of a happy thought sud denly conceived and equally suddenly executed than the result, as with most people in her position, of careful consid eration. And so, instead of the custom ary note conveying my lady’s commands for some night, say a fortnight hence, the telephone is requisitioned to invite Mr. and Mrs. So-and-so to dinner “to morrow evening,” or even “this even ing. Now, it so happened that on one of these occasions Lady Aberdeen tele phoned her commands for the same evening to a Mr. and Mrs. X., persons of considerable social position, Mr. X. I holding an important post in connec tion with the Hudson Bay company. Mrs. X. was naturally highly incensed —besides, she had a long standing en gagement for the same evening—and the result was that she decided, not ! without trepidation, that she would not do. It was not till the viceregal party were seated at dinner that the double ' vacancy made Lady Aberdeen aware of ; the absence of Mr. and Mrs, X. “My ! dear, said Lady Aberdeen at once to her husband across the table, “Mr. and Mrs. X. are not here. They must have got our message this morning. ” Then turning to a servant, she said, “Just telephone to Mr. and Mrs X., at_, that we are expecting them this even ing. A perceptible flutter among the guests followed on this little speech, and then Lord Aberdeen came hastily, if not diplomatically, to the rescue. No, no, mother,” he called across the table, “I cannot have that. We have all of us had quite enough telephoning for one day.’’—Today. HOUSEHOLD HINTS. To scald milk set it in a jug or basin In a pan of cold water over the fire. When the water boils, the milk is scalded. After linen is marked and bofore it is laundered iron both sides of the name with an iron as hot as it is possible to have it without scorching the goods. Never commit the blunder of sending into a sickroom pure white flowers. They hint of that last long sleop which the bravest of us do not care to contemplate. For all green vegetables use soft water, salted and freshly boiling. Cook rapidly until suit. The time will depend upon tho ago or the freshness of the vegetable. POLITICAL QUIPS. “Ihe stateman," said the corn fed phi losopher, “differs from the rest of nature. Levity holds him down and gravity helps him to rise.’’—Indianapolis Journal. It is a curious thing that the people who go into politics and suddenly get rich gen erally possess an inordinate hatred for those who get rich and suddenly go into politics.—New York Fress. WONDERS OF LIQUID AIR. Experiments Performed by S. A. Tucker of Columbia University. S. A. Tucker of tbe chemical depart ment of Columbia university said that the first apparatus for liquefying air was invented in IKitO, but was not made known to the public until about a year ago. The lecturer had two or three gallons of the curious liquid in a tank, ami he proceeded to show its peculiar qualities to his audience. When the liquid was poured into a beaker, it began to boil and change into a gas, but it gradually subsided until its surface simply gave out a gentle steam. A glassful of the liquid when thrown on the floor did not wet the floor, but changed into vapor immediately. When a hand was dipped in it, no appreciable effect was produced on the extremity. A piece of tinned sheet iron dipped in the liquid air was easily broken in pieces iu the band. Copper was not at all affected. A piece of rubber tube bccamo as brittle as glass when placed for a moment in the liquid, and a rose when submerged in it shiv ered into fragments when dropped on the floor. An onion, however, proved much more stubborn. It became ex tremely hard and could only he broken with a hammer. The lecturer said that the explosive power of liquid air was tremendous, aud that no apparatus had yet been dis covered in which it could be confined. It blow a cork from the mouth of a small cannon instantly. It was shown to promote combustion with great ra pidity, and a piece of cotton batting soaked in the liquid and placed in i blaze disappeared in a single flash. The lecturer said that in time liquid air would doubtless be put to great practi cal use. A plant was now' building at Aix-la-Chapelle for its manufacture on a large scale. Its use in decreasing elec trical resistance aud in increasing the conductivity of copper might prove ex tremely valuable in increasing the pow er of electricity. In the future, he said, the cook might go aud get her pailful of liquid air aud put it in the refrigera tor and make ice cream in 40 seconds. It might be substituted for steam, and its qualities as a high explosive might be found most useful. It might also he found to have valuable physiological properties, he added, cno experimenter having declared that it cured him of rheumatism. A tube of liquid air was passed around among the spectators, aud one of the university students, be ing in a playful mood, poured a few drops on his felt hat. When he dropped his hat a moment later, the top of it cracked like glass.—New York Tribune. UNLOADING COAL. Two Ways of Discharging; Coal From Ca nalboats Into Carts. Scoops like thoso that are used in taking np mud from under water, in deepening slips, that shut together in the mud, biting out a great mouthful of i it to be lifted up and dropped into a scow, are also used in unloading coal— j in taking coal out of boats. The ordinary ! way of unloading coal from boats iutc j carts on the wharf alongside is with j big scoops holding a quarter of a ton J each, which are hung on pivots so that when they are cast loose they can easily be upset aud emptied. These scoops are filled in the boat by men who tip the scoop on its side toward the coal and scrape the coal down into it until it is almost full aud then right it up and finish filling it with shovels. The scoop is hooked on to a rope and hoisted up by horse or steam power to the driver waiting with his cart on the wharf, who empties the scoop into his cart. Meanwhile the men below are filling another scoop. The shovelers who do this work earn good wages, but they must be men of strength aud endurance, and they may have to work long hours. The steam scoop is used in ouly the smaller sizes of coal, but the work that it does is done much cheaper than it could he done Ly hand shoveling. The scoop is dropped open upon the coal in the hold of a cuualboat and then closed by power operated by the engineer who runs it. The separated lower edges of tho two parts of the scoop are drawn to gether down through the coal until they meet, thus holding the coal inclosed. The scoop is then hoisted up and swung in by power, not over the cart, hut over an elevated pocket or bin which has a spout on each side so that two carts can load at once. When it has been swung in, the scoop is opened, to discharge its contents into the pocket, and then it is swung out again and once more dropped open upon the coal in the boat below.—New York Sun. He Led the Claque. Jacob Schontag, for 40 years head of the claque at the Vienna Opera House, is dead. He knew all the operas of the repertory by heart, knew the strong and weak points of all the artists and held a rehearsal of his subordinates in tha afternoon before the production of an opera, when he drilled them on the parts of the production where their work was to be put in. He watched them during the performance from a Beat that commanded a view of the "'hole house, but never applauded him self save in desperate cases. A Novel Bridge* Cossack regiments are being drilled In crossing rivers on a novel sort of im provised bridge. Seven or eight lances are passed between the handles and tops Df a dozen cooking kettles and are held (irmly in place by the handles, besides being tied together with forage.ropes. A dozen such bundles fastened together form one section of a raft or floating bridge and are capablo of sustaining half a ton of weight. A section can be put together in 25 minutes. ABERDEEN-ANGUS. HI nek noddles Not Hosing In the Contest of lleef Ureeds. Here is as fine a specimen of the Aberdeeu-Augus sire as ever was seen. It is reproduced from The Breeder s Ga zette. The long body, great girth and heavy flesh of the animal are remark able. He is descended from a Turling ton herd sire imported by Mr. William Watson, who did so much for live stock breeding in America. This bull is the sire of 120 calves be longing to one herd. A writer in The Breeder’s Gazette who has made some money buying and fattening beeves of this breed tells how lie prepared them for market: “With reference to the IT steers which I sold in Chicago for §5.50, I would sav there were two pure bred An gus and a Shorthorn. The balance were from one-half to seven-eighths Angus. The pure breds were 2 years old the 1st ABEIIDEEN-ANGUS. of October. They weighed 1,500 pounds the day they were shipped. The others were 2"past. I raised about half of them and bought the others when yearlings at |S. 50. I do not know their gains at different times, as they were not weigh ed until the day they were shipped. They averaged 1,494 pounds at home and 1,411 pounds in Chicago, a shrink age of 83 pounds. They ran on good blue grass pasture, and I commenced to feed corn on the grass Aug. 1. I fed them corn on grass until Sept. 15, when they were then put on full feed. They were fed in a shed on shock corn once a day and shucked corn at night. I think shock corn the best feed there is for fat tening cattle. ” Oan.se of Blind Staggers in Sheep. Question.—What ails my sheep? One ewe, not quite a year old, eats but vory little, is apparently blind, as it goes around with its eyes shut and bumps against whatever is in its way. Its ears j droop, it rests its bead oil the liiauger, does not discharge any from the nos trils. Tiie feed is clover mixed hay, with a little wheat middlings and oats. I have had them so before, and they are pretty snre to die in one or two weeks.—G. W. H. Answer.—The trouble is due to con stipation, followed by impaction or stomach staggers from a too exclusive feeding on dry food. Give the affected sheep four ounces sulphate of soda with a half ounce ginger dissolved in a half pint warm water. Follow with injec tions of a pint of warm castile soapsuds four or five times daily until relieved. Also give one of the following powders twice daily, either in the feed or by drench: Powdered mix vomica, (3 drams; gentian and ginger, of each 12 drams; mix and make into 12 powders. The sheep should also receive succulent food of some kind, such as ensilage, roots, cabbage or apples once daily. In the absence of green food ground flaxseed or scalded oats or bran may be given. The healthy sheep should also receive a ra tion of succulent food two or three times a week, or a daily ration of ground flaxseed or oilmeal. Free access to salt will also form a healthy action of the bowels and tend to prevent im paction.—Rural New' Yorker. Hereford. We present this picture of a Hereford to show tho extraordinary depth of meat from top of shoulder to lower part of brisket there is in the improved beef breeds. \\ hen such an animal as this is con trasted with the old fashioned scrub or Texas long horn, the reason why Ameri can beef has lately taken such a great stop in favor abroad is quickly seen. Beyond a doubt the finest beef herds in the world are to be found in the PICTURESQUE HEREFORD. northwestern part of this country on the large farms There is no room for such herds in the older states or in Europe. A strong infusion of this improved blood is now met with in the range of the far west, but there is not yet enough of it to bring these cattle up to what the American beef standard is to become in future. Wo in the United States are to raise the most and the best beef on this planet, and let all the world bear it in mind. A man who bought some sheep Nov. 1 ami fed thorn till the list of May made a net profit on each sheep, counting in the value of the wool, of $1,913 per head. That is not bad for a winter season, tvheu work is slack.