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WILLIAM D. HAYWOOD
ACQUITTED OF MURDER Prosecution of Haywood’s Associates to Continue. NO FAITH WAS PUT l<; ORCHARD. Secretary and Treasurer of the West ern Federation of Miners Freed From the Charge of Murdering Steunen berg — Haywood's First Show of Emotion on Hearing Verdict. CHRONOLOGY OF THE TRIAL. Frank Steunenberg assassinated on December 30, 1905. Harry Orchard arrested Janu ary 1, 1906. Moyer, Heywood and Pettibone arrested February 17, 1P06. frial began May 9, 1907. Jury completed June 3, 1907. j r Nuaib?r of veniremen summon ed, 248. ,J Number of witnesses for pros ecution, 89. Number of witnesses for de fense, including depositions, S7. Verdict of not guilty returned July 28, 1907. Cost of trial to State of Idaho, $95,000. Cost of trial to Canyon County, $25,000. Boise, Idaho (Special).—William D. Heywood is a free man. The historic trial which has engrossed the attention of the entire country ended at S o'clock Sunday morning, when an Idaho jury pronounced the secretary - treasurer of the Western Federation of Miners not guilty of the murder of Frank Steunenberg. Never was a more dramatic scene witnesses in a courtroom than that which followed the reading of the verdict. As the words pronouncing Heywood free fell from the lips of the clerk of the court they proved too much for the strong man who has sat in the prisoner’s dock for the last three months. Heywood cried. His powerful frame shook convul sively and great tears rolled down his cheeks. Not once throughout the trial has this strong-willed labor leader given way. When his chief accuser, Or chard. told his incriminating story Heywood sat unmoved. When he was assailed by the prosecuting coun sel he returned a look of defiance. When Attorney Darrow pleaded for the life of his client with an elo quence that moved many to tears it had no visible effect on the de fendant. He appeared to be a man of iron will as well as of iron con stitution. But when the supreme moment came he showed that he was human. He did not try to conceal his tears as his friends crowded around him, eager to grasp his hand. For a mo ment he appeared stunned, as, in deed, did most of the early morning spectators who appeared in the court room. No one seemed prepared for the verdict. The most that the friends and even the attorneys for the de fendant hoped for was a disagree ment. Few persons other than attorneys and correspondents were in the courtroom. It was not generally known that a verdict had been reach ed. Governor Gooding was notified and he drove rapidly to the court house. He appeared confident that a verdict vindicating him for his ac tivity in the prosecution would be reached. Attorneys Darrow and Richardson looked dejected as they entered the courtroom and took their seats, one on each side of the de fendant. There was a depressing gloom in the air as Judge Wood en tered and took his seat. “Call the jury,” announced the Court, and Sheriff Hodgin instructed a bailiff to bring in the jury. All eyes were turned on the jurors as they filed in and in their manner in dicated to the defendant and his friends that the worst was to be ex pected. They appeared tired and worn out after the 21 hours they had fought in the small jury room. As the jurors took their seats At torney Darrow's face was a study. He scanned each face closely, but saw nothing to cause him to hope. He took the hand of Heywood and whispered, “Be prepared for the worst. Nerve yourself for a shock.” “Have you agreed upon a verdict?” asked Judge Wood. "We have, your Honor.” announc ed Thomas B. Gess, who had been chosen foreman. He handed the clerk of the court an envelope. The clerk handed it to Judge Wood, who slowly opened it. The spectators held their breath. mere is a mistake. said the Court. “You must have given me the wrong envelope.’’ It was a blank form of verdict. Juror Gess looked confused and felt in his coat pockets. Another envel ope wa sbrought out and handed the Court. He glanced at it, and it ap peared for a moment as if a smile ! of satisfaction came into his eyes, but it was hardly noticeable. As the clerk slowly read the words, “We, the jury, find the defendant not guil ty,” the tension was relieved. Be fore the Court had time to discharge the jury the defendant was surround ed. He shook hands with each jur or individually as the tears rolled down his cheeks. Jury Disagrees. San Francisco (Special). — The jury in the case of Louis Glass, vice president of the Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company, charged with bribing Supervisor Boxton. was unable to reach an agreement and was discharged. The jury stood sev en for conviction and five for acquit tal on the first ballot, and subse quent ballots brought no change. The jury was out many hours. THE fflS OF THE WEEK. Domestic. Attorney Clarence Darrow closed an eloquent plea for the life of Harry T. Haywood, on trial in Boise, Idaho, in connection with the assassi nation of Governor Steunenberg. E. S. Simon, a prominent manu facturer, of Lyons, France, shot him self in his room at the Hotel Im perial, New York. He was ta-ken to a hospital in a dying condition. Baron von Humbracht, German minister to Cuba, sailed from New' York for Europe on board the steam ship Deutschland, of the Hamburg American Line. Harry Roed, of Brooklyn, N. Y’., was cut to pieces by a Monon flyer as he was hurrying to shelter at Lafayette, Ind., during a severe elec trical storm. All the objections made by the Christian Science attorneys for the purpose of limiting the scope of the inquiry into the competency of Mrs. Mary Baker G. Eddy were overruled by Judge Chamberlin. Three lives were lost by the ex plosion of n car of naptha in a Big Four train near Euclaire, Mich. The car left, the track on a curve and immediately burst into flames. The causes of the failure of public ownership in America is discussed in reports to the Civic Federation made by Professor Goodenow and Walter L. Fisher. Charles Johnson was hanged at the Bradford County, Pa., jail for the murder of his sister-in-law', Mrs. Bigler Johnson, and her niece. A thousand Jewish women mob bed butcher shops and turned on the police owing to high prices for meats in Philadelphia. Citizens of Ely, Minn., drove Al fred Lunstrom, an organizer of the Western Federation of Miners, out of town. Miss Elsie Moore, daughter of the president of the American Protective Tariff League, and the Duke Don Marino Torlonia are engaged. The miners of the Pittsburg dis trict have won their fight for the u^ of steam dump labor-saving de vice in the mines. A vein of coal 30 feet thick, 1.300 feet wide and 6 mile long has been opened near Hazleton, Pa. William E. McLachlan, a recluse, found stabbed to death at Amster dam, N. Y., was worth $75,000. Louisiana is to test the federal ; immigration law by paying the pas sage of Cubans into the State. Charles Weiss, once a famous j opera singer, died in the poorhouse at Allentown, Pa. James B. Duke, president of the American Tobacco Company, was married to Mrs. Nanaline Holt In man in Brooklyn in the presence of a few' friends. The ceremony was performed by Dr. Daniel J. Burrell. Governor Folk granted a respite of 30 days to “Lord” Frederick Seymour Barrington, under sentence to be hanged at Clayton, Mo., for the murder of James P. McCann. Private Hammond, of the United States Artillery, was killed by the explosion of a bag of powder dur ing army maneuvers at New London, Ct. Charles Warner, a New' Y'ork busi ness man, supposed to be crazed by financial reverses, shot and killed Miss Esther Norling in Forty-second Street. The State of New Y’ork will collect $2,000,000 as transfer taxes from the estate of the late (Silent) James Henry Smith. Miss Elizabeth Cadenhead was shot by Private Gillette near Fort | Brady while Gillette was firing at a deserter. Foreign. Count Yanagisawa, of the Japan ese House of Peers, says the gov ernment will soon be defeated by the attitude of Premier Soionji on the difficulties with the United States. A woman called “Chicago May” Churchill and a man named Smith were found guilty in London of an attempt to murder "Eddie” Guerrin. A German engineer has invented a system of wireless telegraphy for use on railroad trains. The town of New Edinburgh, a suburb of Ottawa. Ont., was swept by fire. Loss, $200,000. A revolt against John Redmond’s leadership may cause a split in the Irish Nationalists party. The father of Prof. Karl Hau suf fered a stroke of paralysis at Karls ruhe. Three hundred Italian marines have been landed at Messina. Sicily, to guard against further disorders arising from the arrest of Nunzio Nosi, ex-minister of public instruc tion, on a charge of embezzlement. Frequent crimes by Hungarian gipsies have resulted in a movement to compel the government to solve the problem of the disposition of these 50,000 wanderers. Because every man m the little | village of Kerisova, Hungary, has emigrated to America, the women have elected a young woman to the office of mayor. The Grand Duke of Baden, being opposed to capital punishment, is ex pected to commute the death sen tence of Professor Hau to imprison ment for life. The passing of the Congo Free State into the possession of Belgium will end King Leopold's long strug gle to stave off the annexation. The Russian Imperial Geographi cal Society has decided to send an expedition to Tibet under the leader ship of the famous explorer Kosloff. The Korean court has been thrown into consternation by the Japanese proposals for the administration of the government. Vnited States Senator Dillingham and William R. Wheeler, of the American Immigration commission, who are studying the emigrant ques tion in Russia, were presented to the Russian Ministry. Although the use of the guillotine in France for capital punishment was suppressed two years ago, a jury in Paris condemned a man to death for the atrocious murder of a little girl. Is Mere Man Getting Gay? A casual comparison of the summer man of 1907 with the corre sponding types of previous seasons would seem to Indicate that he is. Increased frivolity the keynote of masculine modes. Marked male ten dency toward rowdy raiment causes sober-minded to view the situation with aierm. REAR VIt*} 6VMMeR/“TAN of <&a6. 'SUMMER MAN^P, —Week's Cleverest Cartoon by Triggs, in tbe New York Press. THE MARQUIS UF ITO WILL RULE KOREA As the Resident General He Will Control. THE EMPEROR A FIGUREHEAD. Neither the Government Nor Any Legis lative Body Can Enact Any Law or Carry Out Any Adminstration Meas use Unless Approved by the Japanese Resident General. Seoul (By Cable).—Iwan-Yung, premier of Korea, acting by authority of the Emperor, given under the imperial seal at the palace, and Mar quis Ito, resident general of Japan, signed the following agreement at midnight at the Japanese residence: “The governments of Japan and Korea, in view of the early attain ment of prosperity and strength in Korea and the speedy promotion of the welfare of the Korean people, have agreed upon and concluded the following stipulations: “Article 1.—The government ot Korea shall follow the direction of the resident general in connection with the reform of the administra tion. “Article 2.—Korea shall not en act any law or ordinance or carry out any administration measure un less it has the previous approval of the resident general. “Article 3.^—Judicial affairs of Korea shall be kept distinct from ordinary administration affairs. “Article 4.—No appointment or dismissal of Korean officials of high grade shall be made without the con sent of the resident general. “Article 5.—Korean shall appoint to official position such Japanese as are recommended by the resident general. “Article 6.—Korea shall not en gage any foreigner without the con sent of the resident general. “Article 7.—The first clause of ; the agreement between Japan and | Korea, dated August 22, 19'i-t, is . hereby abrogated.” The agreement abrogates the ad visor system, especially affecting the finance department under Advisor Megata, who now becomes a Korean j official. i ------- Preferred Death To Indigestion. ! Danbury, Ct. (Special).—Miss May 1 B. Sackett. aged 35 years, daughter of Charles E. Sackett,' a wealthy New York business man, who lived alone with her sister here, was found hanging to a beam in the cellar. She had been ill with indigestion, which is the only known reason for her supposed suicide. Gored To Death By A Bull. Augusta. Ga., (Special).—a spec ial from Covington, Ga., tells of the tragic death of Newton A. Berry, a wealthy farmer, who lived near there, when he was gored to death by a mad bull. The animal belong ed to a neighboring farm. Battleship Was In Peril. Boston (Special).—But for the fortunate discovery that the smoke less powder in the magazine of the battleship Illinois, at the navy yard here, had deteriorated, and there fore become dangerous, a disaster might have occurred. As soon as the discovery was made the crew' was put to work throwing the pow der into the water. The Illinois has been at the yard since June. The inspectors who passed the powrder may be called to account, perhaps before a court-martial. It also affects the judicial depart ment of the Korean government, for which a corps of advisors for all the provinces recently arrived from Japan. The Korean court opposed the plan, but had no alternative but to sign. The Japanese plan, it is announc ed, is to take control very gradual ly, as there is a dearth in Japan of competent and available officials. A modern administration of Korean af fairs would entail a draft of 1,200 officials and impose a deficit of three times the present revenues. The organization of courts of jus tice will entail an immense burden, as no legAl code now exists. The urgent necessity is to obtain con trol of the Korean army, and it is expected that General Hasegawa will and Korean government. Anxiety regarding further inter ference by the throne or former emperor in the administration of be added to the mililtary staff of the government has now ended. Marquis Ito at the head of the Japanese and Korean-Japanese coun cil practically is Viscount Hayashi’s agent of Administration. The Kwan Ant Hill has been stir red to the very cellar by the former Emperor’s second pledge of abdica tion. A wave of great excitement crept over the whole peninsula, when the new agreement with Japan was announced and the Emperor’s pro clamation published in the provinces. All the privileged old ladies at tached to the court arrived in crowds at the Palace, condoling, weeping, wailing and incidentally carrying away in their custmary loose cloth ing everything detachable and port able. The palace was lotted of all possible souvenirs. The ex-Emperor wept, saying that his efforts for many years had been a mistake, and that he should him self have taken the proposed course, and was then unable to continue his speech. Knowing that the affairs of the state had passed to a new adminis tration. he commended to the cabi net’s benign care his son, the new Emperor. Arrangements have been made with the railway authorities to bring 4,000 Japanese bluejackets quickly from the squadron now at Chemulpo, and which the admiral in command has offered to Marquis Ito. But on account of military technicalities they will not be called for except a great emergency arises that makes it ab solutely necessary. AT THE NATION’S CAPITAL Some Interesting Happenings Briefly Told. Director of the Mint Roberts an nounced the appointment of Kings bury Foster, of New York, as super intendent of the United States as say office at New York. Manuel Iarabia, the Mexican who was kidnapped from an Arizona jail and taken across the border, was re ! turned by the Mexican authorities. ; New regulations designed to en | courage the manufacture of dena \ tured alcohol were issued by the [ Commissioner of Internal Revenue. Cyrus Phelps, despondent over the ; loss of his position in the Govern ! ment Printing Office, committed sui | cide. The report of the board which in quired into the battleship Georgia ex plosion declares that the air blast ; attached to the gun being fired was 1 still in operation several minutes af ! ter the fire occurred. As a result of charges of the poor quality of the paper used in postal cards, a change has been made at the plant where it is made for the gov ernment. COTTON GINNING STATISTICS The Census Bureau Perfects Its Plans. Washington (Special). The Cen sus Bureau has perfected its arrange ments for collecting cotton-ginning statistics covering the cotton crop of 1907-8. There will be 10 reports, the first appearing Sep tember 8 and the last March 20. The intermediate dates of publica tion will be October 2, October 25, November 8, November 21, Decem ber 8, December 20, January 9 and January 23. In each instance, ex cept in that of the March report, the statement will represent the condi tion of the crop about a week be fore the date of publication. The report of March 20 will deal with the condition on March 1. As heretofore, the agents will be given six days in which to visit, the ginneries and secure the returns. Summaries of these will be wired to the bureau on the last day of the canvass. On the day following the close of the canvass these tele graphic summaries will be added and the results will be given to the pub lic. The reports will be printed and mailed within 24 hours after publi cation to all ginners and to all oth ers interested. Last season these reports were published at 2 P. M. on the day fol lowing the close of the canvass, but this season the bureau will endeavor to publish the results at 10 A. M. The publication at this hour will permit the results to reach Europe within trading hours on the day that they are published in America. This is in line with the earnest requests of European spinners of American cotton, and it is believed that by enabling them to trade on these reports in their own market on the dates of publication the fluctuations in the price of cotton and the results of speculation in the product on these occasions will be reduced. Between the hour of 6 P. M., when the agents complete their can vass and make their county summar ies for telegraphing, and 10 A. M. of the following morning, when the re ports are published in Washington, no business is transacted on cotton exchanges in this country, and hence, under this system, Director North says, there can be no im proper use of the information. Two of the publication dates— September 8 and December 8—fall on Sunday, and Director North stated this evening that these two dates would be changed. 14 KNOWN DEAD. Another Tenement House Horror In New York. New York (Special).—An explo sion, accompanied by fire, shattered an East Side tenement shortly before midnight and, with the crumbling walls, at least 14 persons and per haps more went down to death, while many more were probably fatally in jured. At 2 A. M. 14 bodies had been recovered from the ruins. The horror was a repetition of the periodical blaze that sweeps through the densely populated foreign sec tion of the city and is almost invari ably attended with panic and death. The wrecked building was at 222 Christie Street, where a six-story tenement rose above the grocery basement. An explosion as yet un accounted for tore out the front of the building, and the fire that fol lowed caught the 20 families, num bering about 100 persons, while most of them were sound asleep. Of the injured many jumped from the win dows, others were caught by falling timbers, many half-suffocated by srnoke were dragged from the hall ways, while others received their wounds during the panic and mad fight among each other for an exit. V. S. AS “BOSS.’’ _ • Attitude Of This Country Toward Venezuela. London (Special).—A cartoon in “Punch” it attracting much atten tion from those persons who are of the belief that the United States is responsible morally for the action of Venezuela in refusing to pay debts that have been passed upon as just by The Hague conference. It por trays the South American republic in the shape of a monkey perched in a tree, holding in its hand a catchel. The tree is labeled “Monroe Doc trine.” Standing beneath the tree are Uncle Sam and a Belgian boy, the latter pointing up at the monkey saying: “Please, sir, your monkey has : taken my bag.” “That's so,” replies the genial and i smiling Uncle Sam. “Ain’t he cute?” • Fortune For Three Young Women. Helena, Mont. (Special). — The i Misses Bertha and Fredericka Volk er and Miss Euton Kepner were ap prised that after three year's litiga tion in German courts, they had been made heiresses to the estate of their grandfather, valued at $40, 000,000. The young women will go to Germany shortly. Juvenile Train-Wreckers. Fayetteville, X. C. (Special).— Two diminutive negroes, 10 and 11 years of age, respectively, were plac ed in jail for attempting to wreck an Atlantic Coast Line fast train, 14 miles from this city, by placing cross ties on the truck. The engi neer’s discovery of the obstruction averted a wreck. Teller Runyan Pleads Guilty. New York (Special).—Chester B. Runyan, the paying teller of the Windsor Trust Company who re cently defaulted with nearly $100. 000 of the company's funds, came into court, pleaded guilty to the in dictment charging him with grand larceny and was remanded for sen tence. His counsel asked that no date be fixed for sentence, as Runyan desired a few day8 to attend to some personal affairs before being sent away. NO COAL FAMINE " IN ]HE NEAR FUIURE It Is Not Even a Vet/ Rm,t, Possibility. A STATEMENT BY MR. WOODRUFF. Valuable Statistics By Acting Head ol Interior Department to Show That There Are Millions Upon Millions of Acres Under Which There Are Minei of Coal Yet Untouched. Washington (Special). — That a coal famine is not necessary nor im minent is the opinion expressed by Acting Secretary Woodruff, of the Interior Department. In a statement just made public he discussed the coal area as developed by the Geolog ical Survey, saying; “Not including great areas of lig nite, which will be mined only after the more valuable coal deposits are exhausted, the Geological Survey has determined that there are townships in the states and territories west of South Dakota, Nebraska and Kan sas, aggregating in all'over 60,000, 000 acres of land, each township of which contains under its entire sur face, or part of it, workable de posits of coal. The Geological Sur vey has been busy for several rears in determining the location, quanti ty, quality and workable condition of these coal deposits. This work has been taken up with utmost vigor during the present year, and town ships containing more than 23,000, 000 acres in which workable coal ex ists have been examined and classi fied “When one remembers that these classified areas are most convenient ly situated with reference to trans portation and settled districts, and that every acre of them is subject to purchase from the government under the coal-land laws, and has been for several months; also that the North ern Pacific Railroat Company alone is reputed to have in its own pos session land containing over $300, 000,000 worth of coal, and also that many hundred thousand acres of coal land scattered thoughout the entire region containing coal have already passed into private holding, and in many instances contain large mining plants, it is easy to see that if there is to be a coal famine next winter such a famine will result only from failure to mine the coal which is easily accessible either by grant to railroads, purchase in the past by In dividuals and companies or entry at the present time under the laws. “The Geological Survey has 16 parties of trained experts advanta geously scattered over the entire region containing coal. These min ing engineers are daily adding to the areas classified and opened to entry. It is believed that by Novem ber 1 all land in the public-lani states known to contain workable de posits of coal will be classified aid subject to entry.” Mr. Woodruff expresses the hope that the next Congress may enact a leasing law which will permit com panies to acquire control of more than the 640 acres now allowed to be purchased. Of the coal lands still held by the government, over 25,000,000 acres is held at the minimum prices of $10 and $20 per acre, over 220,000 at $50 and over 30,000 at $75. This is in accordance with the classifica tion made by the survey. WANTS BARE CHILDREN. Prof. Starr's Idea May Re Carried Out In Chicago. Chicago (Special).—"Children should wear no clothing until ten years old.” Prof. Fred Starr, of Congo ex ploration fame, made this statement at the University of Chicago, and shortly afterward it became definite ly known- that several university pro fessors are to experiment on cures for the "family problem” in a ,-pec ially constructed "paradise flats," at Fifty-sixth Street and Lexington Avenue. "Children,’’ said Prof. Starr, in his usual terse, emphatic fashion, "should not wear clothing until they are ten years old. No, not a stitch, he added with even more emphasis. "This is right for both physiological and moral grounds.” There was much speculation as to how far Prof. Starr's theories would be employed in the residents. “Utopia,” which will be built at a cost of more than $50,000 in the exclusive South Side neighborhood. The families, all prominent socially, who have joined in this most re markable "home" experiment, in clude those of Prof. Edwin Erie Sparks, a noted historical authority; Prof. Harry A. Bigelow, and Prof Clarke B. Whittier, of the University Law School; Dr. Charles Frederics Millspaugh, and Dr. Andrew S. Allen IN THE FINANCIAL WOULD. Housman, who is regarded as 3 Morgan broker, sold 10,000 L m°a Pacific. 9|t The street is now admitting a - per cent, contraction in the s(ee' trade. Since Union Traction took o'* the street railway lines in Pl;i.ai>’ phia earnings have increased »<■ i 700,000 a year. A week's delay in Southern r cific’s dividend will give the spccu • tors a nice chance. There is no let-down in the Bank of England's discount rate. onJ, Erie dropped from 23% to Considering the price that is ' <1 to a decline of 10 per cent, in t Pacific. . Bull traders have been somew J disappointed because the nia (( generally did not respond more the rise in the Pacifies. Mr. Harriman announce Southern Pacific directors win ^ ly increase the dividend to ’ orj cent. He says they will not do i than that.