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DESTROY LIFE Or. Hamilton of Hull House Teds of Her Investigation. LEAD POISONING COMMON. imploy»r« Ara Apathetic, and Wa Ara Far Bahind Europe In the Matter ol Protecting the Worker*—What a Wo man Physician Found. Ahead of Kurope lu many things and abreast of her In most, this country It far behind either continental Kurope o« Knglaml when If comes to the matter of protecting the Industrial worker. In the opinion of Dr. Alice Hamilton of Hull House. Chicago. Dr. Hamilton fcas just completed for the government an investigation Into the prevalence ol lead polstnlng ns an Incident of em ployment. She found an appalling con dition among workers and an apathy on the part of the employer with re spect to the protection of the work men. industrial disease is a subject which ts very young In this country, though It has been long a subject for much thought, and planning abroad," said Dr. Hamilton. "We know very little about 'tt as yet and have done very little to combat It. Just how bad conditions are 1 did not know until I took up the Investigation Into the prevalence and causes of lead poison among workers. We have started In to do many things for the protection of workers against loss of life and limb, but here we have to deal with a more prevalent and sub tle form of injury—the Injury to health ftom poisons absorbed by the worker while engaged at his or her trade. In the Poisonous Trades. "Investigation not only among leal workers at the smelters, but among painters and tile workers, has shown that there is an enormous amount of disease prevalent, and that deaths from lead poisoning are frequent,” she said. "I cannot find a reason for all this un less it lie that we think more of the product than we do of the producer. We feel we must, have good things even at the cost of death and suffer ing. “In the poisonous trades It can be aald we take little care of the workers and certainly less than in Europe. White lead is one of the greatest causes of poisoning. YY’e could use a ■ubstitute for white lead, but we would not have as good u paint. In France .alone have they reached the point where they would rather have an in ferior article and healthy painters. **The most dangerous part of the painting trade Is dry sandpapering. 1 (have seen cases where lead poisoning ■developed in a very short time, and It was always among men engaged at sandpapering. In that work the par ticles of paint and lead are breathed In. I have seen men and women both suf fering from lead poisoning, and their children are weak, sickly, pale faced. If the father Is suffering from lead poisoning and the mother healthy there to a chance for the child, but where - both are poisoned by lead there Is no 'chance for the children. Cittle Dona to Protect Workers. "All this is known, but there is little toeing done to protect the workers. I talked to a boss painter, who told me that before he was nineteen years old toe had suffered from lead poisoning and came near dying. Now he is a tooss, and I asked him what he was do ing to prevent poison among his work ers. lie was doing nothing. He seem ed to think lead poisoning was an un avoidable Incident of the trade. "The so called dusty trades are bringing death to thousands, but in these trades It is more difficult to as certain the cause. In cases of poison ing. like lead and arsenic, it Is obvious the trouble comes alone from the char acter of the work done. In dusty trades ii Is more difficult to show that dealli or sickness came from the dust breathed in. Conserve Life Her Suggestion. “We talk of conserving our re sources," she continued. “Why not con serve life? We have such enormous ■capital of labor to draw from that wo throw II away without thought. It la true that In some places they have doe tony to watch the health of the work ers. They see rosy cheeks disapix*ar. the workers sicken and drop out and tethers step into their places. So we tare a false security, and we don't be lieve conditions are bad because we don't often see what is going on in the poison tr.ides. It is hard to tell how mrach lead poisoning there is because tb® workers are constantly drifting. The brass trade Is not so bad. but It is fco an extent a dusty trade, and the workers the polishers and buffers— breathe in the pari ides, which destroy their lungs. "It Is a question whether we should investigate tirst or legislate first. I feel we do UQt keep pace with what we already know. It is the duty of •very state to find out about industrial diseases. We should study the trades where there are undue heat and mois *are. Many trades are not necessarily had. but are bad only because of the (places In which they are carried on. The trouble is that there Is no other rountry in the world where they speed Vp aa we do in this. We must wake wp te the importance to the country of * healthy working class. “ MEMORIAL PROPOSED FOR DADE'S MASSACRE. Sill to Purchase Florida Battlafiald and Eract Monument. Representative Sparkman of Florida baa reintroduced In the bouse a Mil which bd drew five years ago asking that the government make provision for the marking and protection of the “Dade’s massacre" battlefield in Sum ter county, Fla., and for the erection of a monument thereon. Major Francis L. Dade, with bis subordinate officers and enlisted men. in the year 1835 met at the hands of the Semlnoies the fate that Custer and his men forty-one years afterward met at the hands of the Sioux. There are some men apparent ly who never heard of Dade and what befell him and his men. At the beginning of what is known as Flirtation walk at West Point there rises a plain white marble shaft. It has stood there for half a century and perhaps longer. It bears an Inscription which tells the reader that it was erect ed in memory of Major Francis L. Dade and the members of his command. The enlisted men who do duty as policemen at West Point will tell you that not one visitor in a hundred knows anything about “Dado’s massacre." The oldest army officers today will tell you, how ever, that Dade’s massacre was as well known and remembered balf a century ago as the Custer massacre is known and remembered today. Mr. Sparkman wants the government to expend $5,000 to acquire the battle- i field where Dade and his men made' their heroic fight against overwhelming odds and to pay for the erection of a monument. It Is urged by friends of the plan that the sum of money asked is not large, and they add that five times the amount has been voted to preserve the memories of men who met less heroic deaths. IN TEN HARVARD CLUBS. Robert C. Benchley Most Active Man In Organization Life of University. | Robert C. Benchley of Worcester, Mass., a member of the senior class at Harvard, holds the distinction of be ing the champion club member of the university, not alone for this year, but for the last half score of years. No other man who has attended college in 1 the last decade and who has not been ; a member of some athletic team has been so popular as Sir. Benchley ns a club member. He belongs to ten or-! ganizntions. including many of the most exclusive. The Organizations of which he is a | member are the Harvard Dramatic club, Exeter club. Harvard union, Delta Upsllou. Hasty Pudding club. Institute of 1770. D. K. E„ O. K. so ciety, Signet club and Stylus club. He Is vice president of the Dramatic and Exeter clubs, president of the O. K. society and a member of the library committee of the Harvard union. He Is also president of the Lampoon, the comic paper of tbe university, and Ivy orator of the senior class. AS TO UNIVERSITIES. Thoee In West Grow Twico as Fast as Those In the Eaat. The thirteen state universities of the middle west dispose of $11,000,000 of working income and maintain 3,000 professors and instructors teaching 35,000 young men and women, says Professor Edward A. Ross in the April Century. Tbe thirteen lending endow ed institutions of the east—namely. Harvard. Yale, Columbia. Cornell. Pennsylvania, Princeton, Massachu setts Institute of Technology. Brown. Boston, Tufts, Syracuse, Williams aud Amherst have 34,000 students taught by 4,000 men and enjoy a working in come of about $13,000,000. The difference between the two groups is not great, but tbe significant thing is that the western universities have been grow ing in attendance about twice as fast as tbe eastern institu tions. At present they have four times as many students as they had twenty yaars ago aud tlve times as large a teaching force. BEN FRANKLIN HOME SOLD. Ancient Structure Where He Boarded at Boy Bringt $900. The ancient three story and attic brick dwelling at 111 Spring street, Philadelphia, which was recently sold to Benjamin H. Sattler for $900. was at one time the home of Benjamin Franklin. He hoarded there for several years after arriving in Philadelphia, and tra dition has it that he occupied the one room in the attic. The house Is said to have been one of the first brick dwellings built in Philadelphia aud was erected many years before Franklin lived in it. It Is still in a good state of preservation. Spring Ahoad of Time. Officially March 20 was the first day of the 1012 spring. Spring usually begins March 21. The vernal equinox - the day w h^n the sun crossing the equator from south to north coincides with the point at which the celestial equator and the ecliptic meet—almost always comes on that day. But there la a difference of three ten-thou sandths of a day every year between the tropical year and the calendar year, and March 20, 1912, was the one day in 3,333 years in which enough of these three ten-thousandths of days had piled up to make the vernal equi nox fall a whole day earlier. Cost of Collecting Land Taxes. It has cost England 2610,000 to col lect land taxes to the value of 2901,000. OLIVE DRAB FOR ARMY UNIFORMS New Cloth Is Eupscted to Re move Cause of Complaint. OF THIN AND COOL TEXTURE. Objection* to Khaki War* That It Wat Not Adapted to the Purpose, Was Heavy and Not Nearly So Warm as Woolen Clothing. An olive drab cotton cloth which has Seen adopted for use In making up the uniforms of United States soldiers will undoubtedly result in minimizing the large number of complaints which have been made against the present uniform because of Its construction out of khaki cloth. This is the belief of the officers of the quartermaster’s department at Washington. Constant complaints have been made from various posts throughout this country and the Insular possessions against the khaki. The soldiers in the tropics were particularly antagonistic to that kind of cloth, branding It as heavy and hot and entirely unsulted for use in tropical countries. Khaki Objectionable. Brigadier General Pershing, com manding the department of Mindanao, was the last officer to complain against the khaki. lie declared that It Is not •dnpted to the purposes for which it was Intended; that it Is heavy, shrinks badly, will not hold Its color and is nearly as warm as woolen clothing. When the soldier is dressed in this uniform, he says, he cannot make his best appearance, as he bears a look of utmost discomfort, and be recommends that the soldier be allowed to purchase khaki clothing of English manufacture. The adoption of the olive drab cotton cloth precludes this idea. All the old uniforms on hand which are made out of khaki will have to be used before the olive drab cotton Is used under a recent order of the secretary of war. Use of Rejected Cloth Suspected. Complaints have been received from many officers against the new olive drab cotton cloth, pointing out various defects. The officers have been urged to purchase the goods for their uni forms from the department instead of from private concerns, as they will then ke assured of getting perfect cloth. Although they have no facts upon which to base the opinion, It is the belief of the quartermasters that some of the half a million yards of olive drab cotton cloth recently rejected by the war department as inferior goods has fallen into the hands of private concerns. If the officers will purchase their cloth from the department, they say, they will have no complaint to make against the new cloth. HARVARD NOT HCH. Nor Exclusive, 8«ysLowell—Many Stu dents Work to Pay Their Way. President I.owell of Harvard has transmitted his report to the Harvard board of overseers for the academic years 1910-11. "Harvard has an unfortunate repu tation of being a rich man's college and undeservedly,” Dr. Lowell remarks, "for a very large percentage of the students are obliged to earn money to pay their way or to seek scholarships or aid from loan funds. It has also the reputation of being exclusive, of holding aloof from the mass of men. This impression we must seek to re move until every inan in the communi ty in which we stand feels that he has a potential stake at the university and is proud of It and takes an Interest in its welfare.” The total amount received by the university In gifts and legacies during the fiscal year ended July 1. 1911. was $1,745,438.72. t FIFTY HOBBLE SKIRT CARS. .Washington Women Win Fight For Lower Steps Than In Cleveland. The hobble skirt has won a victory In Washington. The Washington Rail way and Electric company has placed an order for fifty new cars, and In the contract there Is a provision that the steps shall be so constructed that a woman In a hobble skirt will be able to climb Into them without collecting a crowd. This comes as a climax of the fight which the women of Washington have been waging for months. They have argued that the high step hitherto In vogue, which Is an Inch higher than that of the Boston street car and not more than a foot lower than that In use in Cleveland, has the effect of en couraging curiosity and diminishing privacy. The Origin. Dame Nature creating Was really quite pained; Though wastefulness hating. Some backbones remained. She made calculations Exceedingly deft, Tet had from creations Some funny bones left. Despite her invention, A sad thing to tell. Some bones of contention. Were surplus as well. She cried In high feather: “This scheme makes me glad. I'll put all together And call It a shad.’’ C£?»' _ —New York Bun, NEW DIRECT CURRENT FOR RAILWAY PQWER. Hewitt Says His System Wili Drive Trains Long Distances. Peter Cooper Hewitt of New York, grandson of Peter Cooper, inventor of the electric lamp that bears his name, after several years’ work has Invented a vacuum transformer by which it is possible to change an alternating elec trical current into a direct current, by which trains can be operated entirely by electricity with the power stations 1!00 miles apart The inventor says that with this di rect current trains can be operated be tween New York and Chicago with unly three or four intervening power stations, while it will be possible to •perate them ucross the continent. The invention has been tested by the Westinghonse company In Pittsburgh, and these tests, it is said, give every indication of accomplishing all that Mr. Hewitt expects. He has named the current the "negative reluctance.” With this new current, be says, trains will be able to male? a speed of 100 miles an hour, and its perfection may mean the eventual electrification of every railroad in the United States. On a line from New York to New Or leans probably not iuore than half a dozen power stations would be needed, while to San Francisco probably not more than fifteen power plants would be required. Mr. Hewitt said he believed his in vention would revolutionize railroad ing in this country when it is fully de veloped. DREAM STOPS A WRECK. 8ection Hand Flags Southern Train After Vision of Broken Trestle. Awakening from a dream that a nearby railroad trestle on the South ern railroad had been washed away. O. T. Kitchens, a section foreman, al though suffering from illness, arose from his bed and went to South river, six miles from Atlanta, Ga.. before dawn to discover that his dream was a reality. The foreman found that the stream, swollen by heavy rains, had carried away a trestle spanning a sixty-five foot chasm. He knew that a passen ger train en route from Atlanta to Co lumbus, Ga.. soon was due to arrive at the opposite side of the river, but he had no means of reaching tiiat point to warn the engineer of the danger, and the river is three-quarters of a mile wide. Standing on the bank, the man ,-ut his hands to his lips and repeated-v "hallooed” for half an hour. Finally he heard an answering shout, and he called out a warning to J. E. Daniel, who had heard him. Daniel flagged the train just as it neared the brink of the stream. WILL TEST NEW ARMY SHOE. 8*venth Regiment to Go on On* Hun dred and Twelve Mile March. An entire regiment, the Seventh In fantry, will tramp 112 miles in the near future to put to practical test the "modified shoe.” a new type of army footwear evolved by a board of offi cers appointed to Investigate innu merable complaints against the shoes now issued to soldiers. On the march, which will be made from Fort Leaven worth, Kan., one third of the men will wear the "modified,” one third the reg ulation marching shoe and the re mainder the present garrison shoe. The board will be along to see the test of its theories upon every con ceivable variety of feet. If the new shoe should be adopted considerable economy would result. Instead of having to buy different •hoes for garrison, marching and dress the soldier would get along with a pair of black and a pair of tan shoes of the same kind. TABOO ON “CIVIL WAR.” President Taft Prefers Designation of War Between the States. That President Taft favors “the war between the states" instead of “the civil war” as part of an inscription of a soldiers’ memorial at Yale is a fact brought out by the details of the plans of the Yale soldiers' memorial commit tee. The title “the civil war" will, however, probably be chosen by the committee. The plan favored by the committee is a series of tablets with artistic adorn ments ut thV iuner entrance of Memo rial hall. All military titles of the fallen Yale soldiers will bo rejected, and only the full names and classes of the men who fell on both sides used. Deaths before the end of the year I860 will limit the uames on the tablets. The committee will report to the Yale corporation next June. In the war 115 Yale men died in the Union army and 49 in the Con federate army. TRIANGULAR ROWING REGATTA Princeton, Pennsylvania and Columbia to Meet on Carnegie Lake. Arrangements have been completed for a triangular regatta with Prince ton, Pennsylvania and Columbia as the participants, to be rowed on Lake Car negie, Princeton, May 18. The course of the eight oared race will be oae and three-quarter miles in length. The Status of | In Tripoli 5 Invading Army Makes No < Headway and Holds Narrow ) Zone With Difficulty. Frank kdward Johnson. artist, explorer, archaeologist and ethnologist, who recently returned to this country after a stay of several years in north Africa, has received letters from frieDds in Tripoli containing interesting news from the scene of military operations in that country. These letters, which were sent in such a manner as to es cape the rigid censoSihlp which has been established by the Italian mili tary authorities, asserted that the Ital ian army is making absolutely no head way against the Arabs and Tripolitans and that it is only with the greatest difficulty that the Itaiiaus retain pos session of the narrow zone surround ing Tripoli, which was seized by them at the outbreak of actual hostilities. Mr. Johnson’s correspondents write that the Italians nre losing thousands of horses, the losses hopelessly crip pling the cavalry arm of the army of occupation and putting the artillery out of commission. i ne norses, wnicn were Drought from Italy, refuse to drink the brackish alkaline water—which is the only wa ter to be obtained for drinking pur poses about Tripod or in the desert— and in consequence t>f going waterless under the desert sun the animals have died literally by thousands. The Ital ians, the letters state, have comman deered all the camels within reach un til, a few days before these letters were mailed, the government of Tunis, by proclamation of the bey of Tunis, prohibited the exportation of camels from that country, for the reason that the animals are becoming so scarce that the people of Tunisia have not sufficient numbers with which to carry on the agricultural and other work of the country. Natives Ignore Italian Appeal. The letters refer to the use of aero planes by the Italian army in scouting and observation work above the Arab and Tripolitan forces encamped in the desert oases and in the very outskirts of Tripoli itself. These aeroplanes, which at first terrified the tribesmen, have become so common that they re ceive little attention from the Arabs. Handbills printed on thin paper ure carried by tlie aviators and are drop ped in great numbers in the camps of the Arab forces. A translation of one of these handbills originally printed in Arabic reads: To the Arabs of Tripolitania: What are you waiting for In order to come to us? Do you not feel the necessity of praying in your mosques and of living quietly with your families, of letting your animals or cattle graze in peace and of taking up commerce again In all security? We have read the book. We are also religious and also honest. Italy is your father because he has mar ried Tripolitania, Which is your mother. I tell you to come to us in all security. No harm shall come to you, and the past will be forgotten. I tell you that all those who come to me with their guns and all of their am munition will each one receive a napoleon <20 francs in gold) and a sack of barley or of wheat. The different political and re ligious chiefs will bo acknowledged by the Italian government and will be paid for their services. My word is uniquo (true). Allah is great! Pray to him that he will open your eyes to the truth. GENERAL CANEVA Mr. Johnson’s correspondents say thut so far the Arabs have paid no at tention to these handbills and other proclamations, using the bills thrown from the aeroplanes for cigarette pa pers, as the wrar and blockade have made it difficult for them to obtain papers for cigarettes. Sennoussi Declare Holy War. The letters* contain the information that the Turkish paper Al-Lema on the day the letters were mailed printed a letter from the Egyptian chief B’ah my All, who is fighting in Tripoli with -»- AAA -» ♦ • BANKER GIVES $1,020,000. Largest Donation to Metropolitan Art Museum During Life of Donor. A gift approximating $1,000,000 to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, whieh was announced recently, is one of the largest gifts ever made to the museum and is from Francis L. Leland, president of the New York County National bank, a civil war vet eran and a member of the museum. The Hnnouncemaent came as a sur prise. Leland rfkfaofeted J- !*• Morgan. Jr., sou of the president of the mu seum, and Robert W. De Forest, vice president, to call at his residence and apprised them of his intention. The gift is made In the form of 1,200 shares of the New York County Na tional hank, which at the current quo tation are worth $1,020,000. The museum has received three lar ger gifts during its history, but they were bequests in wills, and the pres ent gift is the largest ever received during the life of a donor. Oldest Man In United States Dead. John Morg, a veteran of the war of 1812 and probably the oldest man In the United States, died recently in Kentucky. Morg came to this coun try from Germany in 1812, 100 years ago, and enlisted. He drew a pension for his services, and the papers gave his age as twenty-four years at the time of his enlistment. Italy’s War With Turkey Horses Oie by Thousands. Cavalry and Artillery Crip pled—Uncensored News. the Twrks and Arabs. Fahmy AJi says that Sidi Ahmed al Cherif al Sennous si, commander in chief of the Sennous si, Is actually on the way to the seat of war, having declared a jehad, or holy war, against the Italians. He is at the head of n large army of fanat leal Mohammedans, it is stated, and the correspondent writes that If this is actually true the situation of the Ital Ian forces is Indeed grave. | The Sennoussl, Mr. Johnson 'says, are the Puritans of the Mohammedan faith and are religious fanatics to a man. The sect was founded about 1S35 by an Arab named Si Mohammed Ben Si-Ali Ben Sennoussl, who left his home in Algeria because of difficulties in his own family. After wandering over the whole of northern Africa this hitherto unknown Arab entered a mon astery in Cairo, from which he was later expelled because of his puritan leal beliefs. He took refuge. In the holy city of Mecca, but In 1843 he was again forced to flee because of his re ligious beliefs. Soon after this expulsion the sheik began founding schools and monaster les, where his beliefs were taught and proselytes flocked to him. At the present time the monasteries and schools of the Sennoussi are scattered thickly over the hinterland of Tripoli and all of northern Africa. Puritans of North Africa. The Sennoussi, while they have beeu given the sobriquet of “The Puritans of North Africa," are practical. They dig wells, establish schools and col leges, and the basis of their belief is the purification of Mohammedanism. They never dance, never sing, never smoke or take snuff and never even drink coffee. Of course the use of wines or liquors is unknown among them. The founder of the order has been succeeded by another cherif or com mander in chief, and the order today embraces unknown millions of follow ers, scattered over north Africa, India, China, Persia, Arabia and wherever the Mohammedan faith exists. Up to the present time the Sennoussi have not been aggressive, though foi the past twenty-five years it has been known that they were collecting vast stores of arms and ammunition in un known recesses of the great desert that fringes northern Africa. Their present headquarters is in the great oasis of Kouffra, in the Libyan desert. Ho white man has ever succeeded in reaching this mysterious spot, though many have died in attempting to find it Hen of the Desert Implacable. Further advices received by Mr. John son from friends in Tunis state that should the Italian and Turkish govern ments make peace the Arabs and Bed ouins of the north African deserts de clare they will continue the war re gardless of any treaties that may be made between the belligerent govern ments. If this course should be follow ed by the tribesmen, Mr. Johnson’s cor respondents say, the Tripolitan war may be endless, as the Italians can nev er subdue the desert warriors because of the terrible hardships involved in a campaign such as would be required if the Arabs were to be followed into the fastnesses of the great Sahara. Mr. Johnson, who is an American, has been In Tripolitania and northern Africa for a number of yenrs. His ex plorations and investigations have earned for him decorations at the hands of the bey of Tunis and of the French government. Mr. Johnson is a field agent for the Smithsonian institu tion and the department of agriculture. He is an associate editor of the Nation al Geographic Magazine. He will re turn to Africa within a few months. AA AAA AA.-» .« • A-*.A CHILD’S PLEA MOVES TAFT. Pathetic Latter From Little Girl Wine Money and Mother’s Release. When Bertha Zaboroski, aged fifteen, of Erie, Pa., wrote President Taft that her mother was in jail and that she and four smaller children had been left In need when the father deserted them she did It so vividly that not only did she get a reply, promising to Investigate, but she received a five dol lar bill as well. Bertha used ten pages' of a sehoo! tablet and wrote a thrilling description of a fight her mother had with a neigh bor. even repeating some of the vicious names the women called each other She concluded her story with an ai1 count of how her mother was arrested for assault. The letter was referred to the board of pardons, and the attorney of the board forwarded her letter to Mayor William J. Stern, asking further par ticulars. Mayor Stern had already learned of the case and succeeded in having the woman released and the family provided for. Taft to Lead 8t Patrick’* Day Parade President Taft told Mayor Fltager ald of Boston that he would pin a shamrock to the lapel of his coat, look around for a good shillalah and ride at the head of the St. Patrick’s day and Evacuation day parades when he vls Ua Boston on Monday, March 18.