Newspaper Page Text
NEW. SERIES VOL. 2. NO. 8.
LANCASTER, OHIO, FRIDAY, JULY 2, 1847.
WHOLE NO. 11 36.
rUBUSHKD KVliRY FRIDAY MORNING BY
JOHN If. WRIGHT.
Owes Tallinadge Buildings Third Floor
opposite J. & J. C. Maccruckou's Store.
Terms. Toronvyvur, catkin advance, ti 00 '
Within the year 3 50
After the expiration of the year, 3 00
IJCDUCKMKNTS FOR CLUBS.
Teu copies, to oue address, cmh in ad-
watte, $17 50
Any larger number in the aame proportion.
One square, oue insertion t0 50
" " three insertions, 1 00
Kach continuance, 25
tP"A liberal discount will bo made to yearly
UsTJOB WORK neatly and promptly executed.
Agents for Ihc Lancaster Onxettc.
MMertport: E.Vante . ,QrenJlM T; Wilier Mc-Par-
J stum: ur. v ii. nrock laml I unman l.mk-licin
HckeringlnrA. Bright, Ir
jefftrton: uavin jamiing
LitknvoHi: Lewis Hulwr
t'aaal irmtMittr: nr. roller
lMojl 7'; T. P. Aslihrook
Katt Kuikmllr; David Hiker
tY.RikcMe; N. B. Collision
r RremiM Hrerv St Anltlaiivh
Ltktiut: Win. r. 1'entwHl 'Jlnburn T; J. Hall.H. mack
Jlmmnda: Nathan J. Worra.ll intra T: Jinhcs R. Pnrr
Kofallm: J.CIcmenlK, Jr. Vrry-Tfeva.- Levi Friend
Jtmanda Tp. Wm. Ashlirook Mwlitm T: I. E. Komiia
Carroll; William P. Brock IClnrtmk; Col.W. Hamilton
Basil: Henry Monard !G'iH.- P. R. Ilagernian
Dufiiman; II. L Nicely Smtrttt; David Hewitt
V. II. l'lLKia, Esq., General Agent fur Die Eastern Cities
FOR CASH AD PRODUCE ONLY
Wholesale and Retail.
ANOTHKR TREMKNDOUS ARRIVAL OF
C A It D.
The subscriber having returned from the Eastern
Cities, whither she hadeone to receive the 8pring
fashions and purchase her Stock, can now
be found at her new establishment over the Store
Room formerly occupied by Ailisworth & Wlllock
and Just one door east of Reber & Kutz.
She has on hand a beautitul assortment oi irape,
Pearl . Braid and l'attnetto - Bonnets, Ribbons,
French flowers, all kinds of Bouneta and dress
Trimmings (latest styles) together with a great
varity of Fancy articles for Ladies. 8he is pre
pared to make Dresses, Bonuets and trim the
From tkt Cincinnati Gazette..
John W.Taylor Interesting Letter.
John W.Taylor, who many years since,
at different periods was Speaker of the
House of Representatives in Congress,
while a Representative of the Saratoga
District of New York. An able and in
dustrious man, Mr. Taylor was distin
guished as an efficient and influential
member ef Congress. He also filled
same combining taste, beauty and fashion equal to with credit many places of trust in his
any eastern establishment
Work promptly linisned and turoished at the
Lancaster, April 14, 1817. 49
CANAL Bouts laid aside and Railroads used for
bringing Goods to the
in the shortest time that any stock was ever deli
vered in the Stute. The Great Western patron
izes the lightning lines, buying Goods oftener,
receiving them quicker and selling fatter than all
Not only the Eastern Cities of the United States
have sent thoir share, but the whole World has
contributed its portion to make our stock in every
respect what the citizens of Ohio wish HAND
SOME, FASHIONABLE and CHEAP.
JAMES C. MACCRACKEN having connected
himself with WORK GALBRA1TH, under the
firm of MACCRACKEN & GALBRAITII, and
etill owning part of ono of the most extensive
wholesale Stores in New York and the largest
manufacturing establishments in theUnited Stales,
lliey are receiving a larger lot of Goods than ever
was brought, even to the Great Western.
On the 10th of May, the Store Room and Street
were blockaded witlt our boxes.
Our manufacturing establishment, as usual, has
supplied ns with overy variety of American man
ufactured DRY GOODS, furnishing us with Cloths,
which we are enublod to sell at least 50 cents on
the yar , less than any other Merchant can buy
Our Stock of CASSIMERES, 8ATTINF.TS,
TWEEDS and CALICOES cannot be be equalled,
oithor in pricet or style.
The Steamships, Sarnh Sands and Caledonia,
which brought the last favorable account of con
tinued good prices for Grain and Flour, brought
for us, direct from Europe, an unusually large
stock of handsome fashionable DRESS GOODS
for the LADIES and for the GENTLEMEN
every variety of latest stylos.
Wo have another very large Btock of BROWN
MUSLINS and being of our own make, notwith
standing the advance in the price of those Goods
in the East, persons, who buy at the Great Wes
tern, suy that muslius ore cheap as ever, while
those that goto other stores will contend they
never were so high priced.
Our BLEACHED MUSLINS, being algo from
our own manufactory, we can warrant their quul
ity, and our prices any one cau soe are the low
est. Indeed, all who wish to buy goods made
in the United States will soon ascertain, that if
they wish to buy them cheap, they must go to
the Great Western.
We have ticking, at 12J cents por yard, that
is better than ever sold in Ohio at 18.
Our STOCK OF CALICOES never was larg
er Did all entirely new styles, us all know that,
until we received this last stock, we bad scarce
ly a dress pattern in the house.
We have nearly 5000 pioces, over 200 diflur-
on K them a beautitul rich lung-
Sale of RealEstate by Order of Court
ON the 13th day of July next, at 3 o clock, in
the alter noon ut the Court House in the
city of Columbus, will be sold to the highest bid
der, the following reul estate, as the property of
Moses M. Hunter, deceused, to wit: Lots No. 1,
appraised at $200 00, No. 2, at $75 00, No. 3, at
slJG efif, in Crawford s addition to the town of
Ueyuoldsburg, as the same is described and de
lineated on the recorded plat of said town, Also,
the following: a part of Sec. 8, east, township 16,
and range 2(1. Refugee lands beginning on the
north side of the National Road, at a stake which
is opposite the N. E. comer of the culvert, which
is opiwsite Jacob Htitson's houso, thence from
said stake N. 4J, west 100 feet to a corner, thence
S. 854, W. to the west line of said McCullum's 4
acres; thence southwardly on said line 100 feet to
the road, thence S. along said road 80 foet, more
or less; to the beginning, appraised at $100 00.
Also, iu the county of Fairfield, and Stute of Ohio,
parts of lots No. 8, 51 and 52, in Section 29, in
township 16, range 20, of the Refugee track; lot
No. 1 containing 64 2-100 ucres, being part of the
subdivision of said land; appraised at $1500 00.
Also, iu Frauklin county, and State aforesaid, the
following real estate to wit: commencing at the
S. E. corner of lot No. 4, thence N. 85A, east,
own State. Several years since while
in the discharge of his duties as a mem
ber of the Court of Errors, then in Sess
ion in New York, lie was struck with a
paralysis, uoder the effects of which he
is still suffering. He was removed to the
residence of a daughter in Cleveland,
where he still remains, suffering much,
and unable to move without assistance.
We visited him a few days since, and
were agreeably surprised at the vigor of
his mind, under the severe and protrac
ted suffering and confinement ho had en
dured. Feeble as he was, his mind was
active, and when the presence of an old
friend induced the recollection of trans
actions bearing upon his country's wel
fare, in which he had taken an active
part, his countenance brightened, and
his eye flashed as old, and, though with
great effort ho spoke ol those events with
evident feeling and great anxiety for his
beloved country, lie regarded himself
as on tho brink of the grave, and cannot
be suspected of any ambitious views,
yet the welfare and honor, and the best
interests of the country are near his heart,
and (lie dangers attending our political
and other institutions are contemplated
with the National Road 13 poles to a stake, wit
nessed by a stone, thence north 24 poles and 16
links to astone, thence south 5, west 13 poles to with doep interests, and the strong feel
the N. E. corner of lot No. 4, thence south with : f fr;,;m Mr TnvW wii n
the east line No. 4 to the beginning; being part of
the Refugee track contuiug two acres; appraised
at $443 33. Subject to the dower of the widow as
heretofore assigned. Terms of sale, one third
cash in haud.onu-third in one year, and one-third
in two years, with interest from the day of sale,
to be secured by mortgage on the premises. - .
MARTIN &, GOULD, Adra'rs.
of Moses M. Hunter, deceased.
May 25, 1847. O.S. Journal. $3,75 4w4
WILL attend promptly to all operations iu
the line of hts profession.
OFFICE Maiu Street, opposite the Tallmadge
Lancaster, May 81, 1847, lyS
Public Sale by order of Court
BY virtue of an order to me directed from the
Court of Common Pleas for the County of
Fairfield, and Slate of Ohio, at its May Term, A.
D. 1847. 1 will offer and expose to sale by public
vendue and out cry, to the highest and best bid
der, at the door of the Court House, in Lancaster,
On Saturday the 3rd djr of Jnlynext,
between th hours of 10 o'clock, A. M. and 4
o'clock P. M.of that day, the following described
Real Estate, ot which Henry Dubblo died seized
and possessed, to wit: The North part of Lot No.
49, Iu Carpenter's addition .to the Town of Lan
caster, Ohio, containing sixty-two (62) foet front,
with the dwelling house and all buildings inereon
. The above Real Estate is free of alt incumbr
ances, and the title is unquestionable. It is ap
praised at $1200,00, and will be sold for not less
than two thirds the appraised value, on the terms
of one half in hand, and one half in six mouths
with interest on the deferred payment. A good
bargain is ottered to purchasers.
Adminittt ator of the Etlate of Henry Dubble,
By Mimn Sc. Whitman, Hit AUorneyt.
Lancastor, Juuo 3, 1847. $3pf 5-3
AND FOR HALE BY
ent natterns. ainniiiF them a beautitul ncti lung'
hum print, only 18 cents per yard n style of
Goods always lieretolore sold at Ji io cj cents.
1 lie very uanusomesi American prim muu
ufacturer's prices, only 12J cents per yurd.
The handsomest blue and oruuge prints ever
The variety of our dress goods is unusually
largo a very large stock of both English and
Black, & white Scotch Ginghams, chenper than
over known in tho West. Gingham Lnwns and
Muslin Ginghuins, Madder colored Lawns, Rose
bud Sus., the very latest style. Monterey and
Buena Vista dress goods, very rich and beautiful
entirely new, but 26 tlnys from England. Best
Bombazines, Veniliau Organdies, Striped Plaid
A vory lnrge stock of Ribbons, every variety
'of style.all the lutest imortatioiis,-custoiiiers can
and must wake tin we sell them so cheap.
. LADIES AND MISSES BON N ETS Florence
braid Bonnets ut nnv price
A spleuded assortment of Spring and Summer
Ladies French work Collars, unusually cheap
Gloves and mitts, every variety and price.
Lyms Cranes a beautiful and new style goods.
A very huge stock of 6 U MM ICR SHAWLS all
beautiful Cashmere, D'Ecore, Mouslln do Lain,
and twisted Silk Shawls, oi fust quality.
LA DIE'S SLIPPF.RS and Shoes ot every kind,
black mid Bronze GAITERS, HALF OAITKRSJ
Bootees, &c, all purchased of the mimutactiirers,
Hosiery of every eolor and quality some as low as
10 cents n puir, white und black cotton.
TARASOLS Gingham and Silk Purasolets.
For thoGontleinou we haveaof little everything.
German. French, American and west of England
Fancy Tweeds, Gnmbroons, Linens, Nankeens
Cumberland pluids, Tasia Checks, Ringgold single
mill Cassnmeres and many other varieties for
Gentlemen's summer punts fancy cussiiiieres,
black cussimores. Our assortment ol coatings
is unusually large.
Croton contiugs, Ermiiielt do. Mazurka do.
Gold mixed Tweeds, all wool, very low, Amazon
cloth- ,.. '
Silk warp Codingtons all beautilul.
Lasting cord, an entirely new articlo for gen-
tlomeu's wear. '
Tweeds from 25 cents per yard up.
Men's best calf boots moil's slippers und shoes
Vestingsofnny kind from lSjceutspor yard
UPPalra leafHats at lower prices than ever before
were brought to the West.
Leghorn hats equally cheap.
Carnpt Chum, mlfircul and white.
Coverlid Yarn beat cotton yarn, long reel ouly,
inaigooi oesi quality,
Our stock of GROCERIES is unusually large
end were purchased, at New Orleans, at the low
est prices- Our coffee is of the best quality Rice
always on hand.
We are determined that the Great Western
and the Goods sold by the Great Western shall
speak for themselves. All we ask is that all, who
wish to buy Goods chtart for ready pan. will call
at our establishment, see our constantly changing
varieties and ask prices. - .
We are always the first to raise the price of
Grain and the last to put it lower.
Any cmantv of CASH always on hand for Far-
mtr'i Produce, and War-eons unloaded at our
Ware-house without any work of the Farmer,
Come, then, every body to the Great Western
Lancaster, May 14th, 1847. 1
FRESH SUPPLY of SUGAR, MOLASSES,
RICE and COFFEE
Also, a luree Stock of the FINEST LEMONS
and ORANGES, for sale cheap by the Box.
A large and general assortment of DRUGS, OILS
PAINTS and DYE-STUFFS.
ryCnll at the OLD DRUG STORE.
Lancaster. May 7, 1847 3m52
Administrators of Thomas')
McArtliur, deceased. I IN r AlurlELU
The Widow and Heir of COMMON TLEAS.
said deceased. I
BY virtue of an order of sale to us directed at
tho May Term, 1847, of the Court of Com-
moil 1 leas olorcsaiu, we wuton
Saturday the 10th day of July next,
before the Court House door in said county, offer
nt public vendue nnd out-cry, the following tracts
of Land situato in Fairfield County, to-wiu
1st. Lot No. 4, and half Section Nos. 40 nnd 45,
Township No. 16, Range 20, containing 88 Acres
l,1iir thatnnrt of the Real Estate of William Mor-
-- o - I . ., , , . c
nsou sot niwrt to Utto van ocnr.iuer, assignee oi
Frederick Van Schrader and Olivia his wile, and
daughter of said William Morrison, under pro
ceedings of purtition iu Franklin Common Pleas,
except ltl Acres on cue ooum part oi taiu l.oi.
liml. 1 lie norm nan oi uau oecuou no. it, in
Township No. 16, and Kunge No. 20, being Lots
Nos. 12 and 13, ol Hie estate ol vvniiain morn-
et apart in the proceedings ot partition alore
to David Hiolmmiand Eliza L. his wife, con
taining 162 Acres, deducting however 60 Acres
taken nil' the South side of said tract.
3rd The East half of the Northeast Quarter
of Section No. 3, in Towuship No. 15, and Range
No. 20, containing 80 Acres.
4ih. 75 Acres more or less, being from off the
South side of the Northwest Quarter ofSoction
No. 2, in Township No. 15, and Range ISo.20
5th. 36 Acres in tue Bouinwesi corner oi uio
Northwest Quarter of Section, Township& Rauge
last aforesasd, the two last tracts containing 111
Acres and sub!Ct to nil assignment ui uwr iu
favor of tho widows dower therein, and the three
first free and unincumbered of any dower estate.
Tim ulinvn lands will be ottered upon the terms
following, to-wiu One-third in hand ono-third in
one year, and the residue in two years, with in-
teresi irom ine uay ui auio, mm m un
less than two-thirds the appraised value thereof.
The above lands were appraised as louows:
Tract No.l.cntaiuing78 Acres.appraised at $780
" 2,....".... 10--.." " -"
3 80..." '-.....1.360
'i " 4 and 5.... Ill subject to dower 1,500
JOHN T. MoARTHUR,
WILLIAM Mc ART HUB,
Admtort of the Etlate ofThomai Afci4WAr,ice
June 4, 1847. pi ' ow
T IliOttlS G.
P. a. & P. O. DRINKLE.
RESPECTFULLY inform the citizens of Lan
caster and its vicinity, that they have open
ed a Tailor shop, in Cornell's Row, under the
Eagle office, directly opposite the Post Office,
uhr their can at all times be found, ready to
execnte any work that may be entrusted to them
in th neatest and most fashionable manner and
low for Cash or all kinds of Country Produce.
They respectfully solicit a share of the public
Lancaster, April 16th, 1847i ly49.
1 1 1 1 "
BLANK DEEDS AND MORTGAGES
PRINTED oo tine paper, for sale at tin
Gazette and Express office
loading man in the National Councils in
times of great difficulty, and has done
much to establish free institutions, and to
secure the blessings of liberty to his
conntrymeu. He was of the old Repub
lican party, a firm and active supporter
of Mr. Madison's Administration, of the
war of 1812, and of all the measures to
encourage and protect the industry of the
poople against foreign competition. He
was opposed to Slavery, and to meas
ures for extending and perpetuating the
institutions, or its direct or indirect influ
ence. He was an earnest, zealous advo
cate of the Missouri restriction.
The letter below was written by Mr.
Taylor to an intimate friend, a few
weeks since, and was not designed to be
made public. It speaks of the piesent
war with Mexico as aggressive, and
brought on by the President in violation
of the constitution. His friend desired
to spread the judgment of this old, woll
tried and experienced friend of the coun
try, upon this war, before the people, as
the sober judgment of one standing on the
"verge of the grave," and he asked Mr.
Taylor's permission to publish tho letter.
in tne repiy, permuting inu puuneuuun,
Mr. 1 aylor says:
"Whatever I wrote was written with
out a doubt of its truth; and the facts, if
useful to promote the cause of freedom
and free labor, should not be withheld.
Great efforts are making to magnify and
consolidate the political power of the
slaveholder interest. I would rob it of
no constitutional richt. In 1816, 1 re-
joicod to find my most ardent friends in
Congress, uniting cordially ana etiicientiy
with the advocates ot tree labor in establ
ishing the American system. Alas ! that
this union was over disturbed. Thore is
much objection to slavery in principle,
but its practical hostility to free Ameri
can labor makes it especially odious in
our Union. The vote of Texas against
free labor, at the expense of her own in
terests, more than any thing else, has
roused me, on the brink of the grave, and
recalled my struggles against tho malig
nant influence of slavery in by-gone years.
I commenced my professional life by res
cuing from slavery a free man, emanci
pated by the rtew ioik law, in conse
quence of his master having attempted to
send him for sale to a Southern market.
All that the constitution and law gives
the master he shall have; but not content,
ho usurps, while talkinjr of equality, and
has actually won, by threats of disunion,
do meal rower unauthorized byine con
stitution. But what can I do? Palsied
from head to foot, and loathing food, tho
comine battle- must be fouchtby yeu and
your peers, after I get the discharge for
. r i.i i. mi.: .:....:
which i anxiously iook. x ma uom "
ten to suggest the expediency of making
nnv use deemed Drooor of tho facts re
called in my lettor bflast month, without
giving prominence to my liumoie name.
The leadinrr facts are on record, and
known to the survivors of the 18th and
19th Congresses. I shrink from no need
ful responsibility, but from the appear
ance ef seekinz notoriety. In the war
of 1812 I stood liable fur a military ser
vice in support ef a war, the justice of
which I advocated in the XNew ifoiK leg
islature and in Congress, having volun
teered before mv election, under the act
for a detachment of 100,000 men, in con
sequence of the attack on Chesapeake."
We now give the letter, as published
in the Boston Atlas, aid bespeak for it an
Cj,F.TEt,AND,Ohio, April 15th, 1817,
Hon. Charles Hudson
Dear Sir: Continued infirmityha do
laved thanks for the considerate kindness
which has relieved my solitude, by your
speech en the 3,000,000 bill, read and re
read with entire approbation and pleas
ure. .In the 15th and 16th Congressess,
when mv efforts to arrest slavery in Mis
seuri and Arkansas, were defeated by
douehfacos. the result was deeply deplor
ed, but none then anticipated the present
fearful declension, when the heart's blood
of freemen is poured out in foreign lands,
to enlarge and perpetuate human bon
dace. . The axiom you announce, "A
conquering republic is a political sole
cism," lays at the foundation of our Union
Its disregard must lead to dissolution
We have gone far in a downward course
when Coneress. instead of impeaching
and renouncing a President who wantonly your friend,
usurps its prerogative of making wor,
tamely ossumes the war, with a lie in its
front, and authorizes its prosecution for
objects too base to lie avowed. The
dough-faces of the 15th Congress are just
ly chargeable with the triumph of slavery;
for although Mr. Scott, the delegate of
Missouri, and the slave-owners in Ken
tucky, opposed the restriction against sla
very, yet, after it passed tho House of
Representatives, they implored their
friends to acquiesce, which would have
been the peaceful result, had not slavery
found Senators from free States, then the
majority falsetotheirconstituents. From
this fatal begiiminir. the course of Free-!
dom has been downward. The attempt
to make Missouri a free State has been
falsely attributed to unworthy ambition.
Bear with me, while I relate some facts
not generally known ef its origin. One
day early in February, 1819, Gen. James
Tallmadge Uicnof I'oughkeepsie, in Con
gress from Dutchess county, was silting
...:.t. . : .u t .l - st
nun ma iu uio ruum oi me tornmiuee oi
Elections, of which I was Chairman.
We discoursed of the petition of Mis
souri to become a State, then before the
House, of its noble rivers, fertile soil, and
position by the side of the Northwest
Territory, and to which would, doubtless,
have been applied the free ordinance of
1737, confirmed by the first Con-rress.
had Missouri then belonged to the Union.
Tho rich fruits of that ordinance were
brought forward. We both felt the sol
emn duty of applying its principles to the
young giant, destined to be the empire
State of the West; we nettled the form of
restriction to be moved, so mild as to im
pair no vested right, and we indulged
the hope that our brethren of the South,
like their predecessors of 1787, would
cheerfully co-operate. With the great
south we had zealously supported the
war of 1812, and considered its represen
tatives our political friends, together cor
dially supporting the administration of
Mr. Madison. Saturday, February 13th,
the Missouri bill being reached, General
1 allmadge, as agreed, moved tho restric
tion, after boundaries and other matters
were settled. The hour being late, the
House adjourned. Monday, Feb. 15th.
Gen Tallmadgo was too ill to come to
the Houso, and I opened the debate, in a
speech widely circulated. On another
day, Gen. T. came iu, and ably sustained
the restriction. Tho bill passed thus, 93
to 56. The Senate, by the aid of dough
faces, struck out the restriction of slave
ry. Each house adhered, and the bill
failed. During the next Congress, Gen.
Tallmadge was iu tho service of the State
ofNew York, in another department.
The duty of bringing forwarJ and sup
porting the restriction devolved on me.
My speech on the occasion was fuller and
more widely circulated. Able suppor
ters were not wanting.- The Houso a-
gain passed the bill restricting slavery.
The dough-faces in the Senate preserved
in mis-ropresenting the Free States, some
against positive instructions, all abusing
confidence. Tho Committee of Confer
ence reported the compromise, which
slavory and dough-facoseuforced, against
the votes of Freedom's sons. On the pas
sage of t'.iis compromise, Randolph said
of those dough-face, as he called them,
"we got ull we wanted, had we needed
more, they were in the market. Slavery
hen triumphed tn a victory which now it
pretends deprived it of inherent right
north of 36 30.
November, 1820, Mr. Clay sent in his re-
gnatien as Speaker, and the contest of
freedom and slavery was renewed in
choice of a successor, which, after three
ays halloaing, fell on me. Dec. 1821,
Van 15 men came SenatorfromNew York,
le bucktails in thellouse.havitig in oppo
sition to my efforts, turned Clinton out of
the management ot his own canal, brenth-
ng slaughter to any one who refused to
ry, Voxcn with VI in ton! I he day (Jon-
reus met, seven ballots showed no elec
tion, though thrice I had a plurality, the
seventh within four of a majority over the
four other candidates. The bucktails vo-
ng for C. A. Rodney, of Delaware.
The South steadily voting for a slavehol-
er. The bouth finding Now lork
bucktails resisted me, fearing another
ballot would elect, effected an adjourn
ment to hold caucus. In caucus the
bucktails were beaten by the Seuth, as at
Baltimore since; and Barbour, who like
Polk was unexpected, and had not re
ceived a vote in the House, was nomina
ted, whether by the two-third rule I know
not; but on the twelfth ballot he was elec
ted Not a week passed before double
the number of New York bucktails re
quired to secure my election, expressed
regret at thoir being made the tools of
"the Northern men with Southern prin
ciples.' But it was too late. I mention
this ouly for the lesson it should teach the
livided North. I he south on slavery
being u Macedonian phalanx. Gen.
Alex. Smythe told me I was rejected as
Speaker, only for my opposition to sla-
S l 1 .1 1
very, uuiers saia iaey voiea against, me
with regret, but they could not go home,
fthey voted forme against a Virginian
Gen. Mercer alone, of a slave State, rep
resenting the district still Whig, gave me
publicly his open ballot.
May I hope that, taught by experience,
the froe States will insist on the true
bounds of Texas on the Nueces, south of
Red River, and that no territory now
free shall ever be subject to slavery.
The spirit of slavery in all times is at war
with free labor. It was evinced in the
unconstitutional vote of Texas to repeal
the Tariff of '42. If the North continue
to submit to usurpation, it deserves to
breed while slaves. On the verge of the
grave I shall not livo to see the evil, but
my children must bear it; for slavery, like
avarice, sharpens its appetite by the food
it devours. Some men have been repub
licans in spite of slavery, but its tender.
cy is evil, only evil, and that continually.
The fathers ot the Revolution looked up
on it as a temporary evil, to be removed
at the earliest day; a generation has arisen
striving te make it eternal. In great in
firmity I write from day to day to akin
dred spirit, 1 lear too long, but am truly
JOHN W. X A X LAJti,
he AdmlnMrntioii of Air. Polk.
It is very manifest, from the efforts of
his organ to build ud a re nutation for
him, that Mr Polk is satisfied that his ad
ministration is unpopular, and that ho, as
the chief ofit, will retire to private life,
wiwoui me regret of one good citizen.
There are many who believe him to be
perversely wrong headed and hard-head
ed, and that the utrnrs of his administra
tion hore been willfullv committed.-.
Otbors believe him to be a vain, weak
man, who is swayed, for the time, by
those who share his counsel, upon whom
circumslancesdemand that he should rely
upon -that he is capable of no deep
feeling, and is never moved by a strong
conviction. We readily acquit him of
wilful error, but do not, we are a vara.
pay him a high compliment when we a
gree that his errors are the result of his
own weakness that, iu short, he is unfit
for the place he fills.
It is this negative character of Mr. Polk
that forbids all predictions as to the prob
able end of the war with Mexico. That
he might end it, if lie could be made to
feel the responsibility that demands he
should end it, is as certain, as that if he
had been able to appreciate the difficul
ties and could understand the conse
quences of engaging in a war with any
power, however leeble that power may
be, he would have exerted his authority
to have prevented the war.
All that has been said or may be said
about the prospects of peace is to be tak
en in connexion with the fact that Mr.
Polk's weaki.oss makes him of such in
firm purpose, that you may not rely upon
him to do to-morrow what he seems bent
upon doing to-day. If peace does take
place it will be by a happy accident, iu
which the President will be kept suf
ficiently long from the control of the in
fluences which are exerted by those who
proht by the continuance of the war.
This happy accident may occur to-mor
row it probably will not occur during
the continuance of liis'administration. It
follows, then, that we cannot safely cal
culate that peace will bo made on any
terms whilst Mr. Polk continues to be
Prosidcnt. Bait. Patriot.
The-War on 7cn. Taylor.
Locofocoism has a special ebhorratico
of all merit and high qualities except
those displayed by its own adherents.
before long, a regular system of warfare
upon Gen. Taylor's military character,
will be prosecuted by the minions of the
Locofoco party, the foundation of which
was laid last winter by the Ficklins
Farans, Thompson's and Wicks, of Con
gress. No one will be surprised at this,
who remembers that the same class of
defamers pronounced Gen. Harbison a
granny and a coward. But the upshot in
regard to Gen. Tati.or will be the same
in 1818 as in 1840 a verdict by an im
mense majority of the honest, discerning
people of the country, that his heartless,
soulless defamers are themselves desti
tute alike of courage and truth.
The following is from Chapman's In
dionopolis Sentinel ef the 2d inst:
"We will say and in good time will
produce the proof, which may be partly
found in Gen. Taylor's own official des
patches, that he had very little to do in
fighting the battle of Jiuena Vista. In
deed he was absent from the field at Sal-
tillo a good part of the time, with 400
men. I his ts the truth, and we are not
afraid tosny it, notwithstanding the pres
ent general dosposition to give Gen. Tay
lor the entire crodit ot that terrible battle.
It is hardly necessary tossy that Chap
man s Sentinel is the leading organ of La
col'ocoism in Indiana. Gin. Atlas.
KrJ oik relied largely on Mexican
reason for success in the dismemberment
of Mexico. He expected there would be
dasaftuction in the northern provinces
Instead of that he finds insurrection a-
gainst his military governments. He ex
pected a treaty ot cession irom Santa An
na, but has received Irom him nothing
yet but cannon and musket balls. He
attempted to propitiato the Mexican
clergy, but they have answered with an
athemas, so it seems the scheme ot
making American citizens out of Mexi
can traitorj has utterly failed. And in
the attempt Polk has lost tho support of
that maiority which elevated him to
i'olk has been very unfortunate in his
striirrprlaa for nonularitv. He was elect-
oo i r j
ed Governor of Tonnessee, but was re
jected the next time he offerod. He was
elected .President, but has been repuui
atetl by the people at the recent eloctions,
and hns tailed to annex a sufficient num
ber of Mexican supporters to make up
for his loss of Americans. It is evident
he does not stand well with the people of
this continent and they seem to have a
poor opinion of him in Europe. Had he
not better, before bis term is over, attempt
the acquisition of the island of Ichaboe,
which is, as yet, uninhabited, and retire
to it, with such as will follow him, in or
der to make the experiment to deter
mine the lowest amout ot ability, justice,
and liberty with which a community can
be governed! Lou. Journal.
IThe following paragraph from the
Alexandria Gazette is appropriate and
It continues to be believed by many,
that there was an understanding of some
sort or other between Mr. Polk and his
friend Santa Anna, that the latter was to
grant us a peace, at some time or on some
contingency, not understood, or explain
ed. 1 he series of defeats he has met
with, and his consequent loss of power
and influence, have deprived him ot the
means of fulfilling his agreement, w.nere
Mr. I'olk is to find another traitor, witn
whom to make a like bargain, is a puz
zling question, we hope tne Aorainis
tr&tion will not condemn Gen. Taylor for
havin? failed to erive Santa Anna the 'op
portunity' sought for at Buena Vista and
charge upon his obstinacy in refusing to
be whipped the responsibility ot a con tin
uance of the war. In the memtime, it
would be gratifying to the public curios
ity to know what has becomt of the three
Productions or the United Mt-ile.
The Patent Office report furnishes the
following important information:
Wheat, oats, rye, Indian corn, potatoes,
hay end tobacco, are raised in every Stale
and Territory in the Union.
Barley raised in all except Louisiana.
Buckwheat raised in all except Louis
iana and Florida.
New England, New York, New Jer
sey, roiinsylvauia. Michigan. Ohio and
Wisconsin, do not raiso cotton.
Tho States that do not raise cotton, to
gether with Maryland, Delaware and In
diana, do not raise rice.
Every State and Territory except Iowa,
Every State except Delaware makes
New York raises the most barley, viz:
New York raises the moit potatoes,
viz: 4,907,555 bushels.
New York raises the most tlay, viz:
Ohio raises the most wheat, viz: 10.-
Pennsylvania raises the most ryo, viz:
Pennsylvania raises the most buck
wheat, viz: 6,408,509 bushels.
Tennessee raises the most coin, viz:
Virginia raises the most flax and hemp,
viz: 31,726 pounds.
Kentucky raises the most tobacco, viz:
Georgia raises the mostcotton.viz: 148,
South Carolina raises the most rice.viz:
Value of l'ewftiiperg.
We find the following gossip about the
value of different Northern newspaper
establishments in the New York corres- J
pondence of the Charleston Courier: !
Notwithstanding the many newspaper
failures winch we have witnessed in this
city, the value of well established news
paper property, is very great. We had
a few years ago a prevailing mania for
types and paper, which, while it lasted,
used up. a considerable amount of float
ing cash. It went out a few years ago,
and the last new daily established was, 1
think, tho Telegraph, which lived about
twe years. This mania has now run in-
toSunday publising, there being now five
or six Sunday papers, The Atlas, Mercu
ry, and limes, are doing well the Atlas
probably divides S40 per week to each
of its proprietors, and the Mercury near
ly as much. But I wis led to speak of
the value of ne wspaperproperty, by hear
ing of the salo of one half the Boston
Alias, by Mr. Hayden.to Col. Schouler,
of the Lowell Courier, for about $35,000.
Tho Atlas is one of tho best papers in
Boston, and is liberally patronised, but
probably the most profitable paper is the
uaiiy Advertiser, which lias a very large
advertising patronage. It is considered
worth 90,000, and 40,800 it is said has
been refused for half of it. The Boston
Post is also a valuable paper, even the
whigs not being able to resist the bon-
hommie of Col. Green, and give it a lib
eral sopport. Were the Courier es
tablishment is probably as valuable as any,
although the Journal ot Commerce runs
it closely, and the Sun and Tribune prob
ably make quite as much money. One
third of the Courier was sold a few
months since to oue of the assistant edit
ors for $30,000; and one quarter of the
Tribune, re port says, was sold at $15,000.
A portion of the Tribune could not be
bought fur loss than equal to SIOO.OOq
for the whole, and the Sun is held equal
ly high although sold originally to Bead
N. D. Our readers will bear in mind that the
above are not Wettern papers. Ed.
Exhaustion or Talk. How long the
lamp of conversation holds out to burn,
between two persons only, is curiously
set down in the following passage from
Count Gonfalloiiier's account of his imprisonment:
"1 am an old man now; yet by titteen
years ray soul is younger than my body!
r ifteen years 1 existed tor 1 did not live
it was not life iu tho selfsame dun
geon ten feet square ! During six years
had a companion; during nine 1 was a-
lone! I never cjould rightly distinguish
the face of him who shared my captivity
in the eternal twilight of our cell. Ibe
first year we talked incessantly together!
we related our past lives, our joys forev
er gone, over and over again. The next
year we communicated to each other our
thoughts and ideas on all subjects. The
third yeiir, we had no ideas to communi
cate; we were beginning to lese the pow
er of reflection ! The fourth, at the in
terval of a month or so, we would open
our lips to ask each other it it were in
deed possible that the world went on ao
gay and bustling as when we formed a
portion of mankind. .1 he tilth we were
silent. The sixth he was taken away, I
never knew where, to execution or to lib
erty; but I vr&tglad when he was gone;
even solitude was better than the dim
vision of that palo vacant face. After
that I was alone, only one event broke in
upon nine year s vacancy. One day. it
must have been ayoarortwo after my
companion left me, the dungeon door was
opened, and a voice wiionce proceeu
ing I knew not uttered these words:
"Uy orders ot his imperial majesty, i in
timate to you that your wife died a year
ago." Thon llie door wns shut, and I
hoard no more; thoy had but flung this
great agony in upon me, and left me a
lone with it again." 1
The Divinitv op tub Gali.owi Sir
Fitzroy Kelly of England, has stated,
that since the year 1800, no less than
14 persons have suffered death for crimes
in that country, tor wnicu u was aiter
wards clearly shown that they were in
QTA singing master, while teaching
his pupils, was visited by a brother ot the
tuneful art. . The visitor observing that
the chorister pitched the tune vocally
said, "Sir, do you use a pipe?" "No,"
said Semibrave, "I euzw."
We leurn from two traders from the
Osage nation, who arrived here this morn
ing, that frequent acts of violence and
bloodshed are committed by the Osages,
on tho one part, and several other tribes
on the other, between whom bitter hos
tility has for a long time existed. To
wards the close of last month, before our
informants loft, a party oi the Osages had
brought in several scalps, of the Dela
wares, a small party of whom had been
met and killed. It waa reported, be
fore thoy left, that a Grand Council was
being held, on the Salt Plains, in which
the Chcrokees, Camancbes, Creeks and
Delaware tribes were represented, the
object of which was to unite and declare
war against the Osages. It is high time
that the General Government, which pro
fesses to be the guardian and protector
of the Indians on our western frontier,
should give some attention to the grow
ing evils to which we have frequently ad
verted, by stationing an adequate force of
mounted dragoons, the roost efficient
troops for such service, at. some point
where they may not only preserve peace
between the different tribes, but protect
the property of traders and the govern
ment, and the lives of tho3e who conduct
it, from the piratic hordes that are con
stantly on the alert for opportunkes to
attack and plunder the trains new daily
traversing the plains. St. Louis Rep.
Postaoe. From a statement made by"
the Post Office Department, that there is
an mdication of an increase of the reve
nue of the department fur the year 1847,
over that of 1846, of a little over 17 per
cent a triumph of the low postage system.
We are gratified at this. It shows al
so that there was no necessity for the cur
tailment of free newspaper circulation.
The people for a short period enjoyed,
in the transmission of their papers 30
miles from the place of publication, free
of postage, some of the legitimate bene
fits of a liberal policy. 1 he last Con
gress, to their shame be ittpolccn, as if sv
fraid that they had advanced in knowl
edge a step too far, took this small boon
from the people, though they took good
care to be more liberal to themselves.
The public press should bo heard up
on this subject. They are equally inter
ested with the people in the repeal of this
fmrt of the law, as well as that rid wu
o:h part which relates to the enbrmous
postage to be pre-paid upon casual pa
pers. It has got to be pretty generally
understood now, that the Pest Office sys
tem, while it monopolizes the busiuess, is
not to be a ourden to the people. Our
law makers can square their conduct ac
cordingly. Indiana Journal.
Spirit op the Age. The receipts of
benevolent societies, as reported during
the Anniversary week in New York,
were as follows! Board of Missions of the
Presbyterian Church, $95,028; American
and Foreign Bible Society, $31,739; Sea
man's Friend Society, $17,515; American
Anti-Slavery Society, SS.797; American
and 1 oreign Anti-Slavery society, 812,-
635; New York Colonization soetety,
$5,813; Foreign Evangelical Society,
$14,820; American Baptist Home Mis
Society, $30,79 Female Moral Reform
Society, $6,693; American Tract Society,
$160,130; American Home Missionary
Society, $1 19,453; American Bible Sociov
ty,5210,386; Society for Relief ef Jews,
$6,690; American Temperance Unien,
$1,522; American Protestant Society,
Of the Annals of the Propaganda, 167,
000 are now printed: 96,000 in France;
18,500 German; 13.500 English; 1,000
Spanish; 4,800 Flemish; 29,000 Italian;
2,500 Portuguese, and 1,300 Dutch and
Oft-hand wit. There is a species ef
off-hand wit which is used to get out of
scrapes, and which the Irian people aro
proverbial for possessing Quizzle, at
our elbow, tells a good anecdote of this
kind of impudence and wit combined.
Plase yer honor I have been pilot here
these twenty years," said a raw son of
Lr.n, as the skipper hesitated to surren
der the ship into his hands. Pat had been
fishing in Narragansett bay, when a ves
sel entered the mouth 5c struck a signal for
a pilot; and a bright thought struck him
that he might earn a few dollars, he bold
ly ran aboard and pretended to be the re
quired official. "But are you sure you
know the riven replied tho skipper as
Pat went to the helm. "Ay; ay starboard
there," was the reply "now ease her s
little By yer honor, I knew every sand
bar, and channel, and rock in the onld
bay" but at this instant, Unfortunately
for the amateur pilot, bang went the ves
sel agaiust a rock almost knocking. down
the skipper and Ta. But the latter, un
dismayed, finished bis sentence, with
'true Irish wit, "every rock in the ouU
bay, jerhoiier,aJAireMeT' one of eMf
Did Yov Sat Socrt We clip the:
following good thing from tbe N.O. Delta
"Waiter," said a diner-out, in a down
town restaurat yesterday "Waiter.brirrg
md'a plate of seup, quick."
"say soup agaita, stranger, said a tail
Tennessee returned volunteer, who hap
pened to sit opposite to him, "and -I'll
give you a Cerro Gordo whipping, I wif .
I told the old General when I left him at
Jalappa, that when I came to tfte States,
I'd lick the first man I'd hear aayin' soup."
The Delta adds, that it waa with great
difficulty the Tenneesean could be satis
fied. Hereafter, gratitude and admira
tion will alike compel us to dispose of our
soup tn silence. '
tyA spruce looking Lieutenant, un
der the ten regiment bill, asking a friend
what he weiTld be taken for without his
epouletts, was answered that he would
be Taken for Debt."
"Poi.k and His Generals.," The
Vicksburgh Wljig says that this new
work will shortly appear. The pnnct
pal "Generals" sketpbed are Antonio Le
pes! de Santa Anna, Thomas Hart Ben
ton, and Gideon Pillow. The Whig pre
dicts for it an immense run!