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NEW SERIES-YOL. 2. NO. 9.
LANCASTER, OHIO, FRIDAY, JULY 9,' 1847. WHOLE NO. 1137. PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MOBNING BY JOHN II. WRIGHT. Ornci Tullmadge Buildiugs Third Floor opposite J. &J.C.Mccrackeu' Store ' Tii For one year, task in advance, $2 00 AVithia the year 2 SO After the expiration of the year 3 00 INDUCEMENTS FOR CLUBS. Ten copies, to one address, eaih in ad vance, .....$17 SO Any larger number in the same proportion. ADVERTISING. One square, one insertion, $0 SO " " three insertions, 1 00 'Each conlinnance,.... 25 ty A liberal disconnt will ba mode to yearly advertisers. EyJOB WORK neatly and promptly executed. Agents for (lie Lniicnstci GawMle. JtiUirnport: E. Vanes ,Qrutld T; Waller McFer JVVw Sulnu Dr. M D. Rrock, land Tlmiiuis Dtilrflcld Plektriit"! A llrljht, Jr Piom" T. T.P Ailihrook JcStrtf, Dsviit Jcnuing ' RusMllt; David Baker Lithoptlii: lwis Hunvr Riukville; N. B Onul.ion CoJ m thultr: Dr. Potter Br.mat llmry Anlihmijh Itckmlli: Win P. Tranent Auburn Tl J. Hull. B. Black Jlnidt: Nathan 1. Worrall T. Jmnw B. Prarre Ji.aJi: J Clciwni. Jr .PnrnTuir-: l.el Friend jmW 7. Wm. Ashhrook Mmliw T: I E Knanis Ctrroll; William P. Breck Clwrcrtek; Col.W Hamilton Basil: H.nr. t-eonnrd 0-anvilli: P. H Haiennan . ililwnn; H. L Nicely Somtrtit; David Hewitt V. B. Puma, Esq., General A pent for the Eastern Cities C ARM. The subscriber having returned from the Eastern Cities, whither she had gone to receive the 8pring fashions and purchase her Stock, can now be found at bar new establishment over the Store Room formerly occupied by Aiusworth & Willock and just one door east of Reber it. Kutt . . She tins on hand a beautiful assortment of Crape, Pearl Braid and Palmetto Bonnets, Ribbons, French flowers, all kinds of Bonnets and dress Trimmings (latest styles) together with a great varity of Fancy articles for Lad.os. She is pre pared to mnke Dresses, Bonuets and trim the same combining taste, beauty and fashion equal to any eastern establishment. Work promptly finisned and furnished at the time promised. ELIZABETH MURPHY. Lancaster, April 14, 1847. 49 FOR CASH AXD PRODUCE OXLY Wholesale and Retail. ANOTHER TREMENDOUS ARRIVAL OF WEW GOODS i. lan;asteu. CANAL Bouts Inid aside and Railroads nsed for bringing Quods to the GREAT WESTERN, in the shortest time that any stock was ever deli vered in the Stuto. The Greut Western patron izes the lightning lines, buying Goods oftener, receiving them quicker and selliiigaiier than all Lancaster together. Not only the Eastern Cities of the United States have sent their share, but the whole World has contributed its portion to make our stuck in every respect what the citizens of Ohio wish HAND- BOiVlt,, r ASHIUM AbLL nuu Lrih.Al . JAMES C. MACCRACKEN' bavins conne-fled himself with WORK GALBRAITH, under the firm of MACCRACKEN & GALBRAITH, and till owning part of one of the most extensive wholesale Stores in New York and the largest maiiulacttirine establishment in tlieUiiitetl Mules, they are receiving a larger lot of Goods than ever was brtmeht. even to the Great Western. On the 10th of May the Store Room aud Street were blockaded with our boxes. Our manufacturing establishment, as usual, has inpplied ns with every variety of American man ufactured DRY GOODS, fiiriiiahiiii us with Cloths, which we are enabled to sell at least SO cents mi the yard less thau auy other Meichutit can buy tuem. Our Stock of CASSIMERES. SATTINETS, TWEEDS and CALICOES cannot he be equalled. either in pncn or tfyle. The Steamships, Sarah Sands and Caledonia, which brought the lust favorable account of con- tinned good prices for Grain ami Flour, brought for us, direct from Europe, hii iiiih-miiiUv large tock of handsome fashionable DRESS GOODS for the LADI'CS and for the GENTLEMEN very variety of latest styles. We have another very large stock of BROWN MUSLINS and being of our own make, uotwith- standing the advance in the price of those Goods in the Eust, persons, who buy at the Great VVes teru, say that muslins are cheap as ever, whilo those that goto other stores will contend they never were so htgu priced. Our BLEACHSO MUSLINS, being also from nur own nianiiliictorv. we can warrant their anal ity. and our prices any one can see are the low. est. Indeed, all who wish to buy goods made in the United Slates will snou ascertain, that if they wish to buy them cheap, they must go to the Great Western. We have ticking, at 124 cents I,er val'di l'int is better than ever sold in Unto at IB. Our STOCK OF CALICOES never wn . !arg er and all entirely new styles, as all know that Until we received this last stock, we hud scarce lv a dress pattern in the house. We have tiearly 5000 pieces, over 200 differ, ent patterns, among them u beautiful rich Gin" ham print, only 18 conts per yard a style of Goods always Heretofore sola at n to vi J cents The very handsomest Americau print at Man nfacturer s prices, only 12J cents per yarn. Fairfield Common Picas. Emanuel Arnold, Administrator') PETITION ol Jacob Mackltu, deceased. I TQ vs. I Widow and Heirs of said dee'd. J CONVEY. HE Defendants Mary Ami Macklm, Rebecca Macklln. Jane Ann Macklin, Catharine Mack- lin. Hurvey Mucklin and Benjamin Macklin, heirs-at-law.aud legal representatives of Jacob Mack lin, deceased, aud Ciithartue Mucklin, wiuow, oi the County of Wood.in the Stateol Ohio, will take notice, that a Petition was filed in the Clerk's Of fice of the Court of Common Pleas of said Fairfield ountv. on the 5th of June, 1847, settiug forth that said deceased, in his life-time, entered into a written contract with one Joseph Macklin, of said Fairfield County, by which he agreed for the con sideration of Three Hundred Dollars, to convey to hfm the staid Joseph, by proper Deeds o! Con veyance all his right, interest, &c, to one undivid ed tenth part of One Hundred and Fifty-seven Acres of Land, situate in said (airfield County, and being the same Tract of Land of which De watt Mackliu, late of said County, died seized. That full payment of the purchase money has Oeen made as proviueu Dy me lortns oi nm wm ten contract but that the said Jacob failed in his life-time to make the conveyance as agreed upun; having departed this life before the executiou of the same. The said Emanuel Arnold, as Admin istrator, has filed his Petition, asking that he ntay be authorized to complete said conveyance as provided for by said written contract. Said Petition will be heard at the September Term of said Court of Common Pleas of Fairfield Ccranty, and should said Defendants fail to plead, au' wer or demur to the same, it will be taken as cunfesscd against them. EMANUEL ARNOLD, Admtor, of the Eel ale of Jacob Mackltn, deceaied. Creeds, Attorneyi for Petitioner. June 11, 187 rJ.'Jpiw Jewelry. SOME of the fittest specimens of Jewelry ever brought to Lancaster, among which may be found Camen l'ius. siit"le stone do. Bracelets, Chains, Pencil cases. Finger rings, Earrings. Min iature Cases, Hair Ornaments, Guard and rob Keys, Gold and Silver Thimbles, &c. Cheap for casliut uvir.o oii.uoir.iio. Lancaster June 18. 1844. 5 Political. In rairtfi Id Common ricas. ELIZABETH WERTZ, ) PETITION VS. FOR JOHN WERTZ. ) DIVORCE. THE above limned Defendant will lake notice, that the said Elizabeth WerU filed in the Clerk's Office of the Court of Common Pleas ol Fairfield County. Ohio, on the 27th day ul May, A. D. 1817, her Petition, praying that the bands of marriage betweeu herself and l he said John Wertz may be dissolved, and assigned therefor the fol lowing causes: First wilful absence for a period of more than three years. Secottdly, gross neg lect of duly. Said Petition will come on tor neuritis ui uro September Term of said Court. A. D. 1847. Attorney for Petitioner June 11, 1847 ' $3,50pf6w5 "l7.Uil ERT Y7 LANCASTER. OHIO. WILL attend promptly to all operations in the line of his profession. OFFICE Main Street, opposite the Tallmadge House. Lancaster, Mjy 11, 1847, ly2 The handsomest blue and orange prints ever made. The variety of our dress goods is unusually large a very large stock of both English aud French Ginghams Black, & white Scotch Ginghams, cheaper than ever known in the West. Gingham Lawns aud Muslin Ginghams, Madder colored Lawns, Rose bud Sue., the very latest style. Monterey mid Buena Vista dress goods, very rich and beautiful entirely uew. but 20 days from England. Best Bombazines, Venitian Organdies, Striped Plaid Lawns. A very large stock of Ribbons, every variety of style,all the latest importations, customers cau and must wake un we sell them so cheap. LADIES AND MISSES BONNETS Floreuce brnid Butmets ut any m ice. A splended assortment of Spring and Summer artificials. Ladies French work Collars, unusually cheap and beniililul. Gloves and milts, every variety and price. Lyms Crnpes a beautiful and new style goods. A very large stock of SUMMER SHAWLS till beautiful Cashmere, D'Ecore, Muuslin de Lain, and twisted Silk Shawls, of first quality. LADIE'S SLIPPERS aud Shoes of every kind, black and Bronzo GAITERS. HALF GAITERS, Bootees, &c., all purchased of tho manufacture. Hosiery of every color and quality some as low as 10 cents a pair, wi-ite and black cotton. PARASOLS Gingham and Silk Parasolets. For theGentlemeu we have a of little everything, German, French, Americau and west of England cloths. Fancy Tweeds, Gainhroons, Linens, Nankeens Cumberland plaids, Pasia Checks. Ringgold single mill Cassameres aud many other varieties, Tor Geutlemeit's summer pants fuuey cassiuieres, black cassimeres. Our assortment of coatings is unusually large. - Crnton coatings, Eiminett do. Mazurka do. Gold mixed Tweeds, all wool, very low, Amazon Cloth. - , Silk warp Codingtons all beautiful. Lasting cord, an entirely new article for gen tlemen's wear. Tweeds from 25 cents per yard up. CAshineretts. Men's best calf boots meu's slippers and shoes of every kind. Vesttugsofany kind from 12iccntaper yord nn. . . Palm leaf Hats at lower prices than ever before Were hrought to the West. Leghorn huts equally cheflp. Carnet Chain, colored and white. I Coverlid Yarn best cotton yarn, long reel only, Jnuigoot best qumuj. Our stock of GROCERIES is unusually large and were purchased, at New Orleans, nt the low est prices- Our coffee is of the best quality Rice always on hand. We are determined that the Great Western Vd the Goods sold by the Great Western shall aneak for themselves. All we ask is that all, who wish to buy Goods cheap for ready pay, will call at our establishment, see our constantly changing varieties aud ask Drices. ' We are always (he first to raise the price of Grain aud the Inst to put it lower. Any quaaty of CASH always on hand for Far mer'i Produce, and Waggons unloaded at our Ware-bouse without any worn ol tne t armer, ' Come, then, every body to the Great Western MACCUAUKr.il UftBRAii n. JUST URCFilVEB AND FOB SALE BY GEORGE KAUPPMAN, AFRESH SUPPLY ol'SUGAR, MOLASSES, RICE and COFFEE. Also, a large Stock of the FINEST LEMONS and ORANGUS, for side cheap by the Box. A large and general assortment ol LltU(j3,UlL3 PAINTS and DYE-STUFFS. CF"Call at tho OLD DRUG STORE. Lancaster. May 7, 1847 3m52 LtucMter, May 14th, 1847, 1 Administrator's Male. Administrators of Thomas'! McArthur. deceased. IN FAIRFIELD vs. The Widow and Heirs of COMMON PLEAS, said deceased. J BY virtue of an order ol sale to us directed at the May Term, 1847, of the Court of Com mon Pleas aforesaid, we will on Saturdny the 10th day of July next, before the Court House door in said county, ofter at public vendue and out-cry, the following tracts of Land situate in Fuirfield Comity, to-wit: 1st. Lot No. 4, and ball Section Nos. 40 and 4S, Township No. lfi, Range 20, containing 88 Acres being that purt of the Real Estate of William Mor rison set apart to Otto Van Schroder, assignee of Frederick vnu Scnrimer ana uuvia nis wite, aim Juughter of said William Morrison, under pro- V. .. .... .. .It., r. 11 ceeduigs ot partition in rratiKiin common rioas, except 10 Acres oil' the South part of said Lot. 2tid. The North half of half Section No. 44. in Township No. 16, and Range No. 20, being Lots ..f .i... i' ...... f tirni:... s.i..HK:. iNUS. Li Ulltl 10, l HIP r.3MIW Ul 1IIIUMI fliwur sou, set apart in the proceedings of partition afore suid.to David Hielmaiiand Efizu L. his wife, con taining 1(52 Acres, deducting however 60 Acres tuketi otV the South side of said tract. 3rd The East half of the Northeast Quarter of Section No. 3, iu Township No. 1, aud Range ,n. 90 containing 80 Acres. - 4th. 75 Acres more or less, being from off the South side of the Northwest Quarter of Section No. 2. iuTownshio No. 15. and Range No. 20 5th. 3t Acres in the Southwest comer of the Northwest Quarter of Section, Township & Range last aforesasd, the two last tracts continuing 111 Acres and aubiect to an assiguineiit of dower iu favor of the widowsdower therein, and the three first free aud unincumbered uf any dower estate. The above hinds will bectered upun the terms lolluwiug. to-wit: One-third in hand one-third in one year, and the residue in two years, with iu- terest from the day ol sale, and to be sold at not less than two-thirds the appraised value thereof. The above lands were appraised as follows: Tract No.l,contaiiiing78 Acres.appraised at $780 " " 2 "....ItK..." " 1.U2U " 3 80..." .1.360 ' 4 and S .... 1 1 1 subject to dower 1 ,500 JOHN T. McARTHUR, WILLIAM McARTHUR. Aim' tori of the Estate ofThomas Me Arthur, dec June 4, 1847. pt 17 6w4 Dissolution Notice. TWIHE firm of J. C. Maccraokea having dissol v. JL ed, J. C. Maccracken associating himself with Work Galbraith and John MaccracHen taK' ins charge of the accounts and books of J. & J, C. Maccracken and J. C. Maccracken, notice is hereby given to all those indebted that immediate payment must be matio. All accounts unsettled and all notes unpaid on the 15th day of June next will be left in the bands of nrannr officers for collection. ' Juhn Maccracken will always be found at the counting room of Maccracken & Cralbraith, J.C, MACCRACKEN, J. MACCRACKEN, Lancaster May 10th 1847, To the Whigs of Ohio. Fellow Citizens Frm the relations existing between us, we take the liberty of addressing you, especially as the con dition of affairs at the present time seems to demand that we should take counsel together. And in what we have to say, we wish it to be clearly ana dutinaiy understood that we are not assuming to ourselves authority to speak for the par ty to which we are attached, but it is rath er to be regarded as the expression of our own individual views; which the Whigs are free to commend and adopt, or condemn and reject as to them seem fit. Itis a matte rofjustprtde.that our party has al way s contended for princi pies; great and fundamental principles; which we believe to be intimately connected with the welfare, prosperity and continuance of our Government. And in this respect the Whig party has not changed; our principles are the same for which we con tended in the last Presidential canvass; we are still in favor of a 1 arm; we oppo e a Sub-treasury; we deprecate the union of the sword aud the purse in the hands of one man; we would curb executive usur pations and entrenchments; and we would restrain the abuse of the veto power, which enables the President to defeat the expressed will of a majority of the rep resentatives of the people. We havo no sympathy with that selfish, narrow-minded, short-sighted policy, which, while with a profuse hand it lav ishes millions upon the seaboard and has literally dotted the Atlantic coast with artificial harbors, breakwaters, and light houses, can see nothing worthy of protea tion and encouragement in our immense inland commerce; carried on for thousands of miles by means of our noble lakes and rivers; on whose bosom floats annually millions of property; on whoso waters are exposed the lives of hundreds of thou sands of our fellow-citizens. The Whigs opposed the annexation of Texas, and forewarned the country a eainst the consequences. Their predic' tions have been fulfilled and become a part of our history. After the rejection of the Texas treaty, it is well known by what extraordinary and unusual means, annexation was brought about; and with what indecent baste the door of recon ciliation was closed in the face of Mexico. For the motives which actuated the ad- vocatcs ot annexation, we oner me ioi- owing explanation upon high locofoco authority: Mr. Benton, in a speech de livered atBourneville,Missouri,July 17th, 1844, snvs: Disunion was a primary object of the treat u; an intrigue for tub Presidency was its secondary object: land speculation andstockjobbtns were auxiliary ohjects; and the four objects together brought it forward at the time and in the manner in which it enmc forward, just forty days be fore the Baltimore Convention, and at the exact moment to mix the Presidential election and to make dissension, discord and mischief between the North and the South." War with its enormous expenses and its ever attendant train of evil, is upon us. as the natural and foreseen result of annexation. What are to bo the final consequences, is given to no man to know, They are shrouded in the' impenetrable future; but to us they seem to forebode nothing but darkness, imminent danger, and disaster to this Union. The causes of this war, and the man ner in which it was brought about, are well known to every intelligent person And while we yield to none in love of country and a concern for its true glory and honor, yet in view of all the facts, we have no hesitation in saying that we be lieve the war to have been unnecessary and impolitic unnecessary, because in this enlightened and christian ago, war should be the last and ultimate resort of nations, and only, after all means to avert t have been tried in vain: because our differences might, and ought to have been, settled without it. It was unnecessary, tor we had much to risk aud nothing to gain by an appeal to arms. Impolitic, because Mexico was a weak and feeble power, struggling into nation ality modeled after our own republican nstitutious; and adding to the examples ot man s capacity for self-government. We are great and powerful, and could with out any abatement of our dignity, or risk of tarnishing the national honor, afford to be generous and magnanimous; she was our natural ally against the powers of En- rope; and instead ot converting her into an enemy, we should have retained her as a friend. Wherein she was weak, we should have strengthened and sustained her; wherein wavering, encouraged and confirmed; wherein ignorant, enlightened and instructed her. Tho war is impolitic, for our true poli cy, upon which we have hitherto acted, is to cultivate a gooa understanding ann friendly relations with all nations. Be cause in the appointments to office which it renders necessary, it enlarges the pow ers of executive patronage, already too great, and now exercising controlling and dangerous influence in out govern ment; and in the hands of an ambitious and unscrupulous man it may become a most potent engine of corruption. The war is impolitic on account ot tne great debt it brines upon us, already amounting to untold millions. For the great loss of life it has occasioned and will occasion; in the various forms of diseaso incident to an unfriendly and pestilential climate death has reaped a rich and abundant harvest; and the blood of our gallant coun try has been poured out like water, on the barren sands and rocky wastes oi Mexico. It is fast making our people restless amid the common avocations and peace ful arts of industry, and rendering them impatient of civil life; it tends to convert us into a nation covetous of land greedy for the ocquisitlon of territory lusting for power and conquest thirsting after military glory when all history teaches us that wars are demoralizing and cor opting to a nation, and have ever been unfriendly and dangerous to republics. Shall we suffer the teachings and war nings of history to pass us unheeded byt Rather let us act the part of wise men. and profiting by the experience of the past, so shape our own course as to avoid the fatal errors which eventually blotted out from the history of the earth the names of nations. It has been humiliating and mortifying to listen to the different pretexts that have been assigned as the causes of this war, while the true ones has been sedu lously kept out of sight; prominent among which was the purpose of extending the slave power. In view of the rapid and alarming encroachments of the Executive power, when we have seen whole pro vinces of a foreign country virtually an nexed to our Union by the mere proc- uiiiaunns or military commanders, and he will of One Man plunging us into a war contrary to the wishes of the people; is it not high time, Fellow Citizens, to pause, consider and reflect Let us ask, whither are we tending? wherefore do we wage war? It may be answered to 'conquer a peace." Do we really want peace! Then why not negotiate! Is here no way to obtain peace but bvthe force of arms! Must we drive to des peration, and take away all means of re sistance from our feeble adversary Do we wage war tor tndemnityl Mexico was unable to pay tho paltry debt she al ready owed to us. Will she be the more able after wo have forced her into an ex pensive and destructive war! Have we indeed become so mercenary, as to be willing to barter the precious blood of our countrymen for sordid gold! 1 or indemnity f yes, that indemnity to be derived from desecrating the temples aud robbing the altars ot religion. Infa mous proposition unworthy ot a pro Here this war to be just and proper is it not eur duty as good citizens to main tain it and yield it a hearty suyport! If, en the other band, we believe it to be wrong, and improper, let us say so, and by all lawful and proper means endeav or to bring it to a close. Let us speak out like men--like Freemen, as we are. You are not slaves, that ye should fear to express your opinions and honest con victions! Shall the people be afraid of their rulers, the work of their own hands, the agents to whom they have delegated power which they can withdraw at pleas ure! Let them speak out fearlessly and unitedly, and they will be heard and heeded. Their voice will be as omnipo tent as was that which made the guilty Felix tremble upon the judgment seat. Be not detered by denunciations. It has everbeen a trick of power, threugh the medium of a venal and hirelingpw, to slander and abuse, and attempt to render odious those that are obnoxious to it. It is thus that corrupt and fawning para sites earn their right to the crumbs and scraps that fall from their master's table. A word on the subject of the Presi dential candidates: Far be it from us to debar any maa, even if we had the pow er, from aspiring to the highest offices within the gift of the people. Neither would we make military success, howev er signal, or military achievement how ever brilliant, a test of qualification. And while we condemn and reject no man, so neither do we propose any mLn in con nection with the Presidency. We are pledged to no one we are committed to no one. We do not think the present a proper time to select a candidate. Let us re-assert our principles, and declare the policy upon which we intend to act We can afford to wait; for the Whig par ty is not so few in number or so poor in talent, that it cannot, at the proper time. fessedly christian people Advocating 1 furnish many well tried, true and gallant ns we do for all men, freedom of opinion leaders, who will carry our banner on to j .i .: -...i i t i . i niiu iciigmus unciuuuii, buu regaruing .victory, ana ao ntmor to our principles, miscellaneous. ihem as the very corner stones of ourpo lineal edifices, we abhor and loathe the heathen andsacreligious spirit that would lor one moment harbor the thought oren- tertain the purpose of seizing and ap propriating to secular uses the property t any church. Jl we would confer the benefits of our institutions on Mexico, why leave this out of the catalogue! Is Then abide the hour and the man. In conclusion, we have a word" for the ear of the conservative portion of those who have stood politically opposed to us. We charge that the causes which led to the War with Mexico, were conceiv ed for the purpose of advancing the slave power, and for perpetuating human slave ry in our country. The incipient steps it because of the kind or form of religion which involved us in the War, were tak- her people protessf (Jr is it because en by slave-holders; and the immediate theirClergy.in common with theircitizens, I one -the ordering our gallant army to presume to ueienu tneir altars and tire- tha Rio Grande, emanated from the one sides! In the darkest hours of our strug- !man power, whilo the Representatives of gie lor uineriy nna intiepenaenco, our ; the People were in Congress assembled, Ministers of Religion were found encour-1 in whose hands alone the fathers of our aging our fathers by their precept and ; Renublichsd entrusted the war making example. On the battle field they ex- 'power. WeMesire to probe your pro- horted the living to valor ond constancy; fessinn in all kindness and fidelity. la they administered to the w ants of the this the democracy at whose shrine you wounded, and comforted the dying, j delight to worship at whose altar you Such conduct in them we called patriot-1 wjl continue to serve! Are you willing ism; and we bless and venerate their : to add more slave territory to the Union, names, remaps religious ireeuom en- iv hi nt resolution of (Jon?ressl Wou d ters not into the creed of those who would extend slavery at the expense of human libertyl Let those answer who have brought upon us this war. it tend to the perpetuity of the Union! Ourwholo population are advancing to the same ultimate national destiny. What shall that 'destiny be! Moment- Are we fighting for conquest, and do otis question! The present tendency of we wish to subjugate Mexico! To what of the government is to anarchy and dis end! For what purpose! Do we pro-union! Bring it back to its pristine pur pose to conquer, and then annex all Mexi- ity, and our course is onward and glon col If so what position among our citi zens is the mixed population of that coun try to assume, when their territory shall have been annexed to this Union! Are all that are citizens there, to enjoy the rights of citizenship herd Is it te be free or slave territory! These are difficult questions, involving pregnant consequen ces. Who can answer them satisfactori ly! We very much fear they are to be come subjects ot discord, contention and disunion between the States. God OUS! JOHN A. LaAZELL, Joseph Ridowat, Joseph Sullivant, Lanson Curtis, Lewis Hvi.e, John B. Thompson, State Central Committee. Whio State Committee Room, ) Columbus, June 18, 1847. ) Prom the Boston Courier. RIacliiue for Turning Suit nary. One f the roost remarkable inventions of the age, is that of Mr. Thomas Blan chard of Boston for turning Busts, in a lathe. The art of turning cylinder, balls, and anything of uniform circular form, in the common lathe, has long been pursu ed by ordinary turners, and is familiar to everybody. But the idea of turning in a lathe, articles deviating from circular ferms. appears, at first blush, preposter ous and absurd. And yet precisely such a machine has been invented for turning forms of various irregular shapes, such as gun-barrels and gun-stocks, spokes for wheels and shoe lasts, wig blocks, tackle blocks, and last, not least in importance, busts of the human head! Machines fur all these purposes have been invented by Mr. Blanchard, and one of the latter de scription is now in full and successiul operation in Bosten. The process of casting busts in a mould after a mpdel, has long been practiced, and they may be produced ot lead, brass, iron, bronze, or ony other rnaieaoie bud etance, as readily as pewter spoons, or bullets, may be cast in a mould. But the idea of turning out busts from beautiful marble, by machinery and steam power, in anv Quantities and various izns. and with the most perfect accuracy, after a single model, is truly astonishing, and would never have been dreamed of but by a creative genius like that of Thomas Blanchard. Imagine, gentle reader, a steam eugine, in rapid motion, whirling round, and turning out the human head and face divine, with nese, chin, lips, forehead, eyes, ears, neck, breast and shoulders, of perfect proportion and accu racy to nature! Imagine such an eccen tric machine, and you will have some idea of the wonderful stretch of invention which conceived and contemplated such a faculty. Such a wonderful machine is now in successful operation in Boston, and if any patron of genius, or any inquiring mind, or any person, will take the trouble to search, he can see a bustoi uaniei w co ster rapidly revolving in one end of a lathe, and at he ether he will see fact simile heads of 'the'great expounder, of any desired sizes, turned out trem mar ble. by machinery. When one of these heads was present ed to Mr. Webster, and he was inform ed by what process it was produced, be exclaimed, in astonishment, that it was the 'most wonderful invention of the age.' WH he mipht: for who can imagine such a curious art! Description is out of the question. He who doubts, or would un derstand it, must see for himself. 1 have seen it, and there it is, open to the inspection of any respectable inquir er. Such an art was reserved foi the in ventive genius of America, io the nine teenth century. Bust s of his honor Jud ge "Wood bury, of the Supreme Court of the United States, have also been turned from the same lntni. and those who are familiar with the fare of the learned Judge, can attest tne accuracy of the likeness. What is equal ly curious, busts and cameos may be turned, after one and the same model, in- in ImWnnnna of anv sizes, from a ColoS- sal bust, to a miniature face suitable for a lady's brooch. Let us no w pass from the busts of these distinguished men, to the unostentatious gentleman, who was tho inventor of the machine. , Thomas Blanchard was born in Sutton. forbid ! but who can tell what time may blackberry syrup, a remedy for bowel bring lortlil Ut ono thing we are very complaints: Massachusetts, in 1783. He has been iha invnntnr of many useful things, be- Blackberrt Svrup. The following .;jes ,ne atn. for turning multiform ob is the receipt for making the famous,- ... rr;. inventive renins was early v. - . . .. r .i - . i developed. At me age or mirwou, no made, net only with rapidity, but of su perior finish, uniformity, and value, to those made by manual labor, and he se cured a patent for the invention. This remarkable improvement attracting the attention ot tne government, he was en gaged to put up one of his machines at tne united btates Arsenal at Springfield, Massachusetts, and afterwards another at Harper's Ferry, Maryland. When his apparatus was first started at Springfield, the workmen came around to witness the experiment. On its suc cessful operation, one of the workmen re marked to another, "this man has upset our art." One of the gun-stock makers said "that he could not upset him, for the stranger could not turn a gun stock." Blanchardsaid that 'he would try.' Nothing daunted he set his wits at work to invent the machine for turninir so irregular a form as a gun-stock! Af ter trying various experiments, and ap proximating to his object, he finally suc ceeded in making a hths to turn nutgun stocks with accuracy and facility, by steam power! ile secured a patent fur the invention, and it is now in successful operation at Springfield, and Harper's Ferry, and it has literally "upset the art of making gun-stocks by the slow process of manual labor. This curious machine was at once ap plied to making shoe lasts.bat blocks, tackle blocks, and all similar utensils; and while it put an end to the tedioua process o, making such articles by hand laDor, it produced tar more perfect specimens. In 1825, Mr. Elanchard applied his mind to locomotive power, and construc ted a steam carriage for common roads. He exhibited his model in Washing ton, in shape of a horse and carriage, wtucn eiicuea nign commendations trom Mr. Calhoun the Vice President of t).n United States, and other distinguished men. 11 was applicable to railroads. would go forward and backward, and turn corners. He applied it te the turn outs, or "switches," now in common use. He secured a patent as usual, and as ear ly as 186 submitted his plans for a rail read to the Legislature of Massachusetts, and obtained the favorable report of a committee of tbe house. His ideas, how ever, being then generaly deemed vision ary, his schemes proved abortive. He next submitted his plans to the Le gislature of New York, and applied for a charter for a Railroad from Albany to Schenectady. But Gov. Clinton was ao much engrossed with his "Big Ditch" aa to prevent any attention to such visiona ry schemes as a railroad. About tbe same time he invented an improvement in steamboat machinery, to enable boats of small draft to ascend the rapids of rivers, and his plans is now in general ise, for ascending rivers of nar row, shallow, and rapid channels. Iiis boat was the first to ascend the Connect icut, from Hartford to Bellows Falls, to the surprise of those on that river, who bad never seen a steamboat. Such are among the valuable inven tions of Thomas Blanchards, a farmer's sen, whose only means oi education wast the common country schools, in a seclu ded part of the country, at the close of the last century. Like all other invent ors and innovators, he had to contend a gainst ignorance and prejudice. At the very moment when he was on the eve ot producing roost curious and useful inven tions; he was ridiculed by upstarts as crack-brained enthusiast. More fortun ate, however than most inventors, his par severance has been crowned with suc cess, and he still lives to enjoy the rich fruits of his genius and labors. ' ' certain the crisis demands wisdom and firmness. At the adoption of the Federal consti tution, it cannot be reasonably doubted, 'Two quarts of blackberry juice, add half enounce each of powdered nutmeg, cinnamon and alspice, and a quarter of an ounce of powdered cloves. Boil these that the framers of that instrument never together to get the strength of the spices, believed or expected that slavery would and to preserve the berry juice. While ever extend beyond the limits in which hot, add a pint of fourth proof French they then placed it; but that it would hrandy and sweeten with loaf sugar, gradually die out, under the benign in-.Give a child two teaspnonfull three times fluence of our free institutions. And at a a day, and if the disorder is not checked later period, when this vexed question .add to the quantity, threatened danger to the Union, in a spir it of reconciliation, further concessions were made; and this subject it was fondly hnpod forever put to rest. But again has the slave power extended itself in the an nexation of Texas; and so far as we can judge, seeks still further to extend its dominion by the acquisition of Mexican territory or at least to make this dan Corn Meal Cakes. Breakfast cakes can be made in the following manner, as good as Victoria will ever enjoy, from Cincinnati Kilu Dried Corn Meal. Mix two quarts Corn Meal at night, with wa ter, and a little yeast and salt, just thin enough to stir easy. In the morning stir in three or four eggs, a little salaratus, gerous subject subserve party purposes B"J a CUP of 80ur milk. 80 " to leave it iu the election of a President. thl em,uSh 10 Pour out of a Pan: bake, . , ., i i -...j mice uiiai teio Ul annum, uuu yuu win Ami wlnln wn hnvn mibmittad to the ' ..' . ... ' r compromise on the subject, and are still willing to adhere to it, and while we en- ontirely disclaim any disposition or de sire to interfere where slavery exists, this feeling must not be mistaken for in difference. If one of the parties absolve itself from the contract, surely it should not be considered as binding on the other. And in that case, this whole question of ex tension or restriction inevitably becomes an open one, xn every respect, we wish to avoid this condition of things, as one of danger and difficulty. We are oppos- to acquisition and annexation ot territo ry in any manner and under any pretence whatever and as citizens of tree mates tee will never consent to a further extension of Slavery. If this exciting question is to . . i .... i ! r . . be thrown into tne political arena, u his to be mingled in the next Presidential contest; if it is to be forced upon us, we will meet it like men. We are ready Aye, ready! We doubt not the patriotism of our gallant countrymen who have taken up arras. We commend the alacrity with which they obeyed the demand of the go vernment, and wo rejoice that our brave volunteers have shown to the world that American valor has not degenerated. Nevertheless we shall hold this Admin istration accountable for all the evils that may grew eut ef this war; for it might have been avoided, And now, if we be. have light, rich, honey-comb cakes; and with a good cup of coffee and sweet but ter at breakfast, one finds with Hamlet, "increase of appetite to grow with what it feeds on." fyThere is no complaint more har assing than Asthma. The Newark Daily Advertiser, a reliable paper, pled ges himself te cure this distressing dis ease with the following simple remedy: "Take 1 oz. sulpher, 1 oz. cream-tarter, 1 oz. senna, Anz. annisseed, pulverise, and thoroughly mix the same, and take one teaspnonful in about two spoonfuls of molasses on going to bed, or at such time through the day as may best suit the pa tient; the dose once a day may be in. creased or diminished a little, as may best suit the state of the bowels of the individual." ty The two men who came into our office on Sunday and took away our pot, are requested to return it, as we are out and want to make some. Please attend to this notice forthwith.-0'cmo'TVK Soma what! Cincinnati Herald. Some flap-doodle the stuff they feed fools on Times. We were not aware that the Editor ef tho Times kept bachelor's hall, and board' ed himself before. Herald. You have got him, Mr. Herald.-Qwia ey Whig. invented a machine for paring apples, whirh nnerated well, and was much used in the village where he then lived. Hii naxt invention was tnat oi a ma chine for making tacks. At the age of fourteen he was employed by nis eiuer brother with other boys, to manufacture tacks. The mode for operation was, after cutting thin plate of iron into mi nute' particles, er points, of suitable size for tacks, to take up each one separately between the fingers, and hold it in ajvice till a b bw was given by a hammer, ior making a flat head. This tedious pro cess of making tacks was tho only one then known. After working all day long it required much time to ascertain, by actual counting, how many tacks were made by each operative, to know how much each had earned. After a day's work, it was rather too much to go iuto this cotriDutation, and Blanchard seon in vented a machine to ascertain the num ber with exactness. This consisted sim nlv of a little wheel turning one cog eve ry time the hammer finished alack, while - i .i i a small bell anuounceu eacn inousanu completed. But this counting apparatus was a mat ter of mere temporary expediency, to save time of counting at night, tne tacKs made in the course of the day. ns won conceived a plan for making tacks, in any quantities, by machinery, aiioi persevering for five or six years, about 1812, be produced a machine that would make 500 tacksinaminute. Hehadonly to place the iron in a hopper, and lacks of more perfect shape and finish, of head and ooint. were produced, than had ov er before been made my manual labor. Securing a patent, be sold the right for S5000. Soon after he turned his attention to making gun-barrels. It was at that time an irksome process of manual labor, to nroduce a common gun-barrel. Tbe art of turning such an instrument, was then unkown. Mr. Blanchard set his wits to work to make a power machino to turn out a whole barrel, from muzzle to breach. It was an easy process to turn tbe muz- ale end, but at the lower part, mo ma chinery, by a selfacting change, was made to accommodate itself adroitly, to oval and octagonal parts of the breech, AH this waa accompusnea who groow v...v -v 1 . i I ....... tints steam power. uun-DsriPi wr-i thus The Ynnkec Paddy. We clip the following from an interes ting and graphic letter to the Boston Courier by a traveling correspondent in Vermont: Four miles this side of Windsor, we left the main road, near the village of Hartlan Four Corners, and stopped to ee the operation of the famous "Yankee Paddy," as it is called, or steam excava tor, a machine which has been invented to dig away the hills in order to make a track for the railroad. It will not cut in to the solid rock; but it cuts the hardest earth, shovels up the gravel, and fills tho carts which are prepared to carry away the same. It is something on the princi ple of the dredging machine, which is employed to clean out our docks. It con sists, in the first place, of a small engine f course; then it has erected a large crane, to which is slung their iron shovel. The shovel is built in the shape of a coal hod, capable of holding at one time a cart load; this crane swings round on a pivot, the shovel, at the same time being lowered down to tho proper levei oi tne road; when it is swung round into tho richt position, and has touched bottom, it begins again to ascend, but in an in clined direction, digging into the hill side and filling itself as it goes up, just as you would scoop up coal with a hod; again it swings round back again, until it arrives at a position directly over a dirt cart, placed upon the track, when the bottom falls down upon a hinge, the contents fall out, filling the car, and the bottom closing up the whole, crane and shovel r. . . .i I'M "l mi swing again round to tne nui siuo. l uis operation goes on for hour after hour, without ceasing, except to wait for empty carts to return from deposilingtheir loads. The regularity, precision and steadiness of the operation are inconceivable to one who has.never seen the machine. One of the party timed it 8nd found that the whole process oi taxing ujj "" " emptying it into the cart or car, averaged twenty-three secondsl So much for hu man ingenuity. iy The Pulaski (Tenn.) Courier.says, that a Mr. Keroheval, residing near that place wss killed by bis son, a few dsys since. The old man wanted some corn from a crib, which tho son hsd locked and refused to open, and when the father at. tempted to force the lock tha son struck bim a blow on tho head with a hatclist, of which ha died. i y V i f T - -7r-