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HEW SERIES-TOL. 2. NO. 27.
LANCASTER, OHIO, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1817.
WnOLE NO. 1155.
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MOUNINQ BY
JOHN If. WRIGHT.
Owes -Tallmadge Buildings Third Floor
opposite J. St J- C. Moccrackeu'i Store.
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Within the yenr ....2 50
After the expiration of the year, 3 00
INDUCEMENTS FOR CLUBS.
Ten copies, to one address, cash in ad-
.,...... $1? 50
Any larger number in the same proportion.
One square, one insertion 0 50
three insertions, 1 00
"' Each continuance, 25
tyA liberal discount will be made to yearly
' fJTJOB WORK neatly and promptly executed.
1 Agents Tor the Lancaster Gazette.
JUiUtriporU B. Vance QrmjLM T; Walter McPsr-
Jf,m Salt.' Dr. V D. Brock land Thomas l.mienem
. FUlUTingfn: A. Bright, Jr
Jeffiw: Daviil Jennini
. LUktwclit: Lewis Hulwr
Ctl mmhufr: Dr. Potter
Lickvitlu Win. P. Tennenl
jlntndi: Nathan J. Worrall
Jt-iatun: J.riemtnis, Jr.
Amand 7. Wm. Aslibrook
Ctmlt; William f. Breck
Btuil: Henry Leonnrd
Siliimtn; H. L Nicely
A New Experiment.
A recent work of science (fives the fol
lowing novel experiment which collies
questions of some importance in philoso-
Phyi ... . . . . ,
"Two hundred pounds wetgntot earm
were dried in an oven, and afterwards
put into an earthen vessel. The earth
was then moistened with rain water, and
a willow tree weighing five pounds was
placed therein. During the five years
the earth was carefully watered with rain
water, or pure water; the willow grew
Pltatmt T: T.P. Aahbrook
Eait RutkviUe; David Baker
lf.AMiih; N. H.uoiiinon
Urmia Beery Ashhniign
Lfeiuni T; 1. Hall, B. Black
Btr T: Jnmn K. renrce
Prr-7V: l.evl Prlend
Maditm T: I. E Koonls
Cleanrttk; Co.W. Hamilton
fj-anm'li: P. R Haerman
Somtriit; Daviil Hewlll
and flourished; and to prevent the earth breathe the fresh air of the morning! Pre.
being mixed with fresh earth or dust posterous and absurd. They never seen
blown on it by tho winds, it was covered the sun rise, and would hardly know but
with a metal plate perforated with a great tho sun continues to shine forever, if it
number of small holes, suituble for the were not for the almanacs and their
free admission of air only. After grow- grandmothers.
ing iu the air for five years, the willow No wonder that every year sweeps to
tree was removed and found to weigh the grave so many young women, who
one handled and sixty-nine pounds and
about three ounces. The leaves which
fell from the tree every autumn were not
V. B. Pm, Em)., General Aseul lor (lie Eastern Cilles
'Proclamation by the Governor.
1 In accordance with a wiseand Christian
usage, and in compliance with a resolu
tion adopted at the last session of the
General Assembly of Ohio, the Executive
is expected to aet apart a day of Thanks
giving and prayer, to be observed by the
people of the Slate. Already a day has
been designated for that purpose by the
Executives of many of the States. Uni
formity in the designation of the day is
. , i -ii. :
esteemed aesiraoie oy a vnuai.mii
tjIo. that there may be exhibited the sub
lime spectacle of a great nation in behalf
of whom Providence has wrougni won
Jarful things, in asinele manner acknowl
edging Him as their Sovereign Ruler.and
as the munificent donor of all they enjoy.
I. William Bebb. Governor of the
State of Ohio, do therefore hereby des
ignate and set apart Thursday, the 25th
dav of November, inst. as a day of Thanks
giving and Prayer to Almighty God, for
ins manuoiu uiercioB iu us oo a
earnestly desiring that it be strictly ob
served, to the end that those mercies may
be continued and the custom hallowed
throughout the State while our beloved
Union has a name and a place upon the
Durinc the oast year we have been
ueculiarlv favored. While famine has
caused intense suffering in a sister coun
try, calling forth a wail of moaning from
its redundant population, appalling to all
YiAnrM. nnr own land has cnioyed the
blessings of plenty. The earth has giv
en forth its fruit without sunt, in obedi
ffnea to the mandates of that Providence
which causes the dew to distil, the rain to
full and the sun to shine. Of our abun
dance we have been enabled to minister
to the wants of our suffering brethren
realizing, as their thank-offerings reach
in. how blessed it in to give.
No desolating scourge has visited our
borders. The blessings of health has
been enioved iu an eminent degree in
nearly every section ot me lanu. ijaoor
has been rewarded and prosperity has
marked the passing year.
For such blessings how can we full to
be thankful Let not ingratitude charac
terize a Christian people. Let us remem
ber that where much has been given, much
will be required. Let us humbly thank
God for what of good we enjoy and pray
that evil be long averted. The Pilgrims
came to this continent with the Bible in
their hands. The God of the Bible was
their refuge and their hope. He pros
pered them and he has prospered us.
Let us pray that the inculcations of his
sacred word may take deep root and be
watered bv his spirit that we may re
member Justice and love Mercy that a
nation wiser and better than we may suc
ceed us, to whom may be long vouch
safed the blessings of Civil and Religious
We are called upon to lament the ex
istance of a war that, although its deso
lating ravages have not been witnessed
inourmidst has already costmuch treas
ure 'and many valuable lives. Let us
pray that it be speedily and happily ter
minated; that peace may be restored and
lnno- rierDetuated to us and ours, by its
benign influence to the development of
the useful arts and sciences, me maturing
of a Christian character and the glory of
For blessings received, for evils avert
ed and to the end that we may still enjoy
the favor of Almighty God, I invoke the
people of our beloved State to observe
the dav designated, as a day of Thanks
giving and Prayer, suspending as far as
'11- 1I .nil BBDIlnl.
pOBSlUlO all BoUUltM uuailicao auu wwwm
bling themselves together for suitable ex
ercises upon that day.
Given under my hand and seal, at Co
... lumbus, on this the second day of Nov
ember, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and forty
seven. .; - WILLIAM BEBB,
Governor of Ohio.
ncluded in this weight. The earth was Urns, till they learn their duty, and per-
then removed from the vessel, again dried sue that course which insures health,
in the oven, and afterwards weighed; it strength and long lite. Our great-grand
was discovered to have lost only about parents lived to a great age and never
wo ounces of its original weight: thus thought of lying down to die till they had
one hundred and sixty pounds of woody at least reached the meridian of lifo.
fibre, bark, or roots, were certainly pro- They were stout, strong, happy and hear
duced; but from what source The air ty. Why They rose early worked
has been discovered to be the source ot like beavers, and never spent me miu
the solid element at least. The state- night hours in dancing.
ment may at first appear to be incredible, Insteao. of being ft ightoned at a mouse
but UDon the slightest reflection its truth at their feet; a beetle on their neck, a
A Chapter on Females.
We like to look on a healthy woman
she is a prodigy in the nineteenth cen
tury. Wherever you go you see scores
and hundreds of spleeny, sickly, feeble
girls, who can hardly muster courage to
make theirbeds, wash theirfaces,or drive
an intruding cow from the yard. Tell
them about early rising, fresh uir, and
healthy exercise, and they heave a sigh
as long as the moral law, and about faint
away. You expect them to gel up be
fore day to work in the kitchen to
have been sickly and effeminate, eve
since they were born into tho world; and
death will continue to select them as vie-
Death of henaior llumiiieloii.
We learn from the New York papers
that J. W. Huntington, United States
Senator from Connecticut, died at his
residence at Norwich, of a sudden attack
of inflammation of the bowelson Monday
evening, aged 59 years. Gov. Binnell,
Whig, will appoint his successor to hold
office till the meeting of the Legislature
in May. Judge Huntington's term would
have expired in 1651.
The Norwich Courier says:
"The disease which terminated Lis lifo
inflamution of the bowels, as we learn
from his physician, and although ho had
been somewhat indisposed for a number
of days previous, yet it was not until Fri
day last that he was so unwell as to be
confined to his room, or require medical
advice. From that time, however his
disease assumed a more alarming type,
and he continued to sink rapidly until
the closing scene.
-up to me moment ot ins deain, Ins
intellect remained as clear and uncloud
ed as in the days of his health, snd he
sunk into the sleep of death with all the
calmness and composure winch become
the strong minded and true Christian.
To a young friend who after having been
with him for a number of hours, took
leave of him at 8 o'clock last evening he
said: 'Good bye, Harry! It is very doubt
ful whether I live to see you again; but if
we do not meet here, I hone we shall
meet in heaven.
The Cincinnati Chronicle thus fixes
the errors of inunagement in the conduct
of the war upon the National Executive:
1. In May, 1846, the President receiv
ed a general power to call out; when and
where ho pleased, no less than 50,000
2. Volunteers have always stood ready
at his service.
3. Ho has called volunteers at five dif
ferent periods always by piecemeal
and caused, directly or indirectly, the
Government paper to overrate the num
ber in the field at lean one-third.
4. Congress placed at his disposal ten
new regiments in addition.
1 hus the President has placed at his
command by Congress the following for
Regular army, 10,000 men,
Volunteers 50.000 do
New regular rogimcnts.lO.OOO do
is proved, because tho atmosphere con- fly's foot on their aim, m the absence of
tains carbonic acid, and is a compound their fathers and husbands, they would
of 714 parts, by weight, of oxygen, and load their guns, and shoot bears and cata-
386 parts, by weight, of carbon." mounts, and keep at bay a party of savn-
- ges. now nave tnese uaugiuors uegun-
Lp.tter Envelopes. The Editor of Lratej? wilat female is there now a
the Charleston Pali ot makes some very days who wouldn't run from a gun, oven
sensible suggestions to business men up- if jt had no lock The ladies of olden
on the use ef envelopes, now becoming so time outlived their husbands years and
general. As ho very justly remarks: years. How is it now Widows are few
"Where tho subject mailer of the epis- and far between. It was no singular thing
tie is business, and where there may pos- for our crand-mothers to have three or
sibly be occasion at some future period four husbands in ihe course of their lives,
to refer to the post-mark as a proof of tho Now it is the reverse. Men haveabout
time when tho letter was mai.ed, envoi- mul)V wives diseases of late have that
opes should be carefully eschewed.
Merchants, therefore, in the transmission
of their business correspondence, should
never use them. Letters on which the
been so fatal among the female sex.
Do you know the cause It is found
in listlessidleness inactivity late hours
thin shoes muslin dresses a horror
post-mark is not endorsed, (and this is, of Lf tne fies, mornine air. and in that de-
course, the case of all letters that are tesliblo stuff, stitched in pink and yellow
put upinenvelopes) arecvidences against COVers, which is flooding our country.
the writer, butattorus none in ins iavor. If they will do nothing else, young ladies
As carelessness on tins point might en- w s;t alui , flom morning till night,
tail loss upon some who have not reflect- t,at sickly, sentimental ,impure, and welliquors, to the voters of the respective
1 ,,,, tl.A mtkianl uta ni tra ttiu worn. I 1 . ! . . I. ? .1.......... I. i i .1 o . A , . 1
eu upiiu mo ouijum, fci.v. Win say licentious irusu, iiim 10 unuwii townsnips or me Diaie. a similar law
n Delaware has been decided to be un-
A fJnoLi. suit. When Mr. nenrv
Campbell was elected Mayor of Alleghe
ny, like many other excellent men, he
met with bitter opposition in some quar
tors. One gentleman, a Mr. John Chess,
declared be would leave the city shouul
Mr. C. be elected. Another gentleman,
a Mr. Palmer, thereupon offered to pay
Mr. Chess $10 if he would keep his word.
Campbell was elocted. Chess did keep
his word, left the city, but demanded the
$10. Palmer demurred; and Chess
broughtj suh for the money before Alder
man Hays. The case has not been deci
ded; but we presume the Plaintiff will
recover. Pittsburg Journal.
CPTlie Supreme Court of Pennsyl
vania, now in session ut Pittsburg, the
Harrisburg Tribune says, have decided
the "No Licese Law" of Pennsylvania
to be unconstitutional. The law refer
red the question, whether license should
be granted for the sulo of intoxicating
trig, attliougn mo majority 01 uusiness ,n gucj, abundance from the press, this
men are doubtless well aware of the fact 8MrivIes the mind, warps the affections,
and do not need the caution.
An army of 70,000 men.
Tliirf, iu these times and in this coun
try, is an immense force, and it was accom
panied by an immense appropriation of
money. I hese were the means. Now.
what his condition The President and
his Cabinet make war, Congress placed
at their command stvtnty thousand men
and tixty thousand dollars a greater ar
my and greater means than those with
which Alexander conquered the world.
The President is Commander-in Chief of
(he army, and responsible Fonts employ
ment. He calls it out by piecemeal. It
is divided into four different expeditions,
it is called out at four different limes; and
now the main body of the army is strug
gling, after heavy losses, m the
a hostile country.
I'i'A young man named Robert Karr,
was anesled iu Paikersbugh, (Va.) on
Saturday evening, 23rd iust., charged
with tho commission of a crime in Augus
ta County. The prisoner was lodged in
jail, and on Sunday morning, was found
a maniac! 1 he abruptness ot his arrest
and the fright occasioned thereby.proved
too much for his mind he was complete
ly crazed. On Monday morning, he star
ted iu charge of Sheriff Cook, for Staunt
on a more ht asylum than tho i ait.
Mother, mother, mother home, home,'
Such were tho only and almost incoher
ent exclamations of the poor maniac; and
who, that heard, will ever forget the poig
nant anguish that attend the utterance of
these endearing words! Parker. Gaz.
The English Language.
Few of our readers are perhaps aware
of the great changes which have taken
place in our language since Us first for
mation. We give below specimens of
the Lord's Prayer at different periods;
1300. Fader our in hevene, Halewe
yod be ihi name come thi kindam, Thi
will be don as in hevene and in earth,
chills the better feelings, and makes tho
life wretched beyond description. Let
females look into this subject and act like
reasonable beings, and we should soon
see a different state of things. We should
hear of no fainting away no sickly con
stitutionno affection of tho lungs no
elopements and suicides. Colcsworthy.
constitutional. Bait. Pariot.
Eastern Fasuion. A few weeks
since, a family in this city returned from
an eastern tour. This family had not
been remarkable for its piety, or rever
ence of that beyond the earth; but to the
surprise of all, upon their return, prayer
was regularly introduced, and no meal
was eaten without the offering of grace.
An aged spinster,, who likes to know
what s going on, and to accounltor things
generally, enquired of a member of this
family the cause of this sudden holy out
"Why," replied ihe aforesaid member
'It's all the fashion in Boston! Every
genteel family prays there!"
Fashions, generally, are" follies, but it
would seem that this latter is a bright ex
ception, and it is to be hoped that the
themselvua toextond it. Cin. Chron.
Colporteur Operations in this
f!nimTnv. Durincr the six months ending
Oor uche dayes bred give us to day, And October 1, eighty-two regulars have been
forgive us our neuters, as we lorgiven our commissioned by the American Tract So
deftoures, And ledo us not into tempta- c-letyi for ti,e Colporteur service, making
tioun, Bote delyvere us of yvel. Amen. 2Q3 now in the field; and ninety-two vol-
1379. (WicklifTb Bible.) Uur ladyr unteer8 from n different Theological
that arlin heavenes.Halloed be thy name, Seminaries and Colleges, have been em
Thy kingdom come to, Be thy will done pi0yed for their vacations. Among the
in erthe as in hevene, Give to us this day Colporteurs there are those speaking the
our bread over other substances; And r;fil.mnii. French. Welsh.Norweeian and
forgiv to us our detters as we forgivenn j ,.;!, languages, laboring among their j "genteel families" of Boston will exert
.l i.,.l nr.t Ir,!,. I .. . Li .1 i n:.. ni,
iu uui ugucio, ohm icon vo ,ik tutu lumjj- j0ovv countrymen,
tation; But deliver us from evel. Amen. Publications have been circulated to
1526. (Tindal's Testament.) Ooure llie amomit of $101,725. Tho receipts
father which art in heven, hallowed be 0f lhe T,act Society for the half year,
thy name. Lot thy kingdoracome. Thy were, in donations, $40,970, publications
wyll be fulfilled as well in earthe as hit $50,976; total, $91,946; but there is yet
ys in heaven. Give ys daye our dayly (ue for printing paper, the sum of $29,
breade, And forgeve ys oure trespasses, 340, with scarcely a dollar in the treasury,
even as we forgive them which treasnas i'he estimated expenditures for the next
ys. keeue ys not into lempiauoii, dui g,x m0nths,are an average ot near $2U,
delyverys from y veil. Amen. 000 a month, one half of which, at least,
1589. (Coverdele s Uible.) Uur lath- mu8t come from donations. iv. Y. Tri
r which art in heaven, hallowed be thy ie .
mi i mi ! . . .
name, ihy Kingdom come, inywui gen. Scott. The Alexandria tia-
be dons even in erth as it is in heauen. zette says: We rejoice to see the meed
Give us this day our daily bread. And f praiSe that is bestowed upon General
forgive us detters as we also forgive our Scott by the presses of all parties, and
J-.. A ...1 L..I .....Al !ntAl..,n.,,nli . ' . . 1 i ' . . - .1 111
BUeiS. nil" "SOU uo uui nil" louijjianuii, j,e (JlSpOSUtOn lO tlO JUSUCO lO IIIO SK11I,
ut deliver us from euill; for thine is the
kingdom and the power and tho glorie
' EtTIn the storming of Molino del Rey
Maj. Sumner with his dragoons charged a
heavy column of the enemy's lances. In
doing so they had to pass under a heavy
fire from the enemy's works. The fol
lowing incident connected with this
charge is told by the correspondent of
the Delta, It ts uncommon in history, tor
horses to show such discipline:
."While the cavalry were passing in
front of the enemv in order to charge the
column of lancers, they were not under
the fire more that ten seconds, and du
ring that time thev sustained a loss of 6
officers wounded, 32 privates killed and
wounded. and a loss of 105 horses.
There were but two officers that did not
their horses shot under them but
there Is one thing very remarkable, that
the horses from which the riders had
been shot, wheeled and moved with the
same regularity as though they had been
mounted until thev came to halt from the
charge, when they all kept on in body
energy and gallantry of this distinguish
ed commander. The prudenee and fore
sight he hus evinced, and the wisdom and
sagacity of his plans, have all been real
ized in histriumphant progress from Ve
ra Cruz, (including the capture of
that city) to the capital of Mexico. With
a force comparitively insignificant, he has
encountered and successfully surmouut
ed every obstacle, and lives, at last, to
hear the plaudits ot his countrymen, ana
while it is cold: or, in case of fowls, while
the water is a little warm; then, idstead
of rapid boiling, the water should be mere
ly simmered. By this process the meat
is made tender, wnuo by nerce Doiiingu
is hardened and mado tough. Prairie
There is much due to the suggestion
as to the manner of cooking, boiling.broil-
ng, roasting, or baking, of both vegeta
bles and meat. Having heard the sug
gestion that potatoes should be put in
boiling instead of cold water over the fire,
while warming the feet in the kitchen at
the time of cooking an early breakfast.we
sa w the water boiling before the'man had
brought in the patatoes, taken that mor
ning from the ground, lhe sou in the
garden was so rich as to make tho pota
toes heavy; well cleaned, they wore boil- ry Whistler, a bricklayer by trade, and he
am A na n ii s 1? oa t AQaiKIa a n.1 uritlli it crime, I .. , t, .. I17:i . rpUa
ou f v..w resided tor a u me in w ihuhibwh. uo
twenty minutes we were eating them at nelawnre deserter is Gibson McDowell
the breakfast table, bursting from theten- -- Both individuals have little to
der skin, and mealy as the best patatoes recommeiid thorn to the sympathies of
raised upon me ncn grounas upon our their frjend8 They were worthless,
neighboringhighlands.-Farmer'JHoni- drunken fellows. The Delaware Gazette
ly Visitor, '' records a fact of the latter, which, is
The Cost op the Mexican War. characteristic of his subsequent crime:
tl. n:.i.nn.J Rum.Uin nm un as I "He was well known among the poli
follows the losses of our troops in the va- ticians as one of "the availablos, whose
rious battles in Mexico:-Palo Alto and voteelllo that side which caught him
U.flm inftkillfld and wounded: Mon- last, and the last bait he bit at was a pair
Sentencb ut a Gambler. A man
named Kerrison, convicted iu Philadel
phia of gambling, has been sentenced to
pay a fine of 3500, besides the costs, and
to undergo un imprisonment in the East
ern Penitentiary, in solitary confinement
at labor, for three years. This is the
fiist conviction under the new law, and
Judge Parsons, in passing sentence said
he considered gambling worse than lar
ceny, and that he was determined to
break up the numerous houses which aro
kept throughout the city, and every case
that came before him, he intended to en
force the law with vigor and to its full
Boimno Vegetables and Meats. In
boiling vegetables they should not be put
into the water antil it is fully heated, and
then there should be no cessation of heat
ntil the cooking is finally done.
But when meats are to be boilod, quite
an opposite procedure is to be observed.
-1 . ms ihA tarnrAV
iney require 10 oo . . . . ,., . ... ea,.neil for llim.
self a name which which will be forever
remembered in the annals of the repub
lic. Scott should be met by his country
with onen arms. With all odds against
him, and his own plans not carried out by
the covernment, he has yet fulfilled the
..." . . 1 ! : -r
highest hopes mat were raisen, in view oi
the acknowledged bravery ot nis troops.
Nothing more could be asked, an has oeen
done that the most exacting could re
quire. By general consent he must be
admitted to be not only a fortunate, but
a consummate commander.
Neat anu Poetical. The
cial gives the following as Logau's last.
It was dashed off, impromptu, at Louis
ville, a few evenings since, owing to the
following incidents: Mr. Logan was call
ed upon the fctage in a dress which pre
cluded the possibility of his carrying his
watch; he requested a lady ot tne compa
ny who happened to be present, to take
chai se of it during the evening. When
. 0 . . " . . .. ... ,
he returned it to him, it was iouna in
have stopped tho moment it came into
her possession. We do not recollect nav-
. , . .1
ng seen a fancy more ueucate man
expressed in the last line:
My watch, my lovely friend, you sny,
"Stopt on your breast," you're vex'd I
The trinket on your bosom lay,
And held its breath in eUucy.
The Deserters. One of the desert
ers bolonging to the "Foreign Legion"
hung at Mexico, was a native 01 rmid'
delphia, and another a native of Dela
ware, lhe J. hiinueipnian s name isiien
terep 500 do. do.; Buena Vista, 800 do.
do.: Cerro Gordo, 500 do. do.: Cburubus
co, 1000 do. do.: Mexico, and neighbor
hood 1600 do, do.:. Total 4,800. One
third of this number probably covers the
ot neto boots, at the election in 1844.
. , . 1 nil.
Horn's tne dooib any now, iu rtu.
immediately aaer the celebrated trial for
bribing him, which came off subsequent
to that election, as he kicked up his heels
before us, 'and they are not worn out yet.'
Factories Burnt. They had tele
graphic intelligense on Sunday evening,
at New York, that me uienaaie oaiinei
Factory, at Stockbudge, Mass. was de
stroyed by nre on Friday morning. Loss
near $60,000 mostly covered oy insurance.
The large and extensive card manufac
tory of the Messrs. Isaac and hdward
Crohore, at Milton Lower Mills, Mass.,
was totally destroyed by fire on 1 hurs-
daylast. Loss supposed to be between
$20,000 and $25,000. The extensive oil
cloth factory of Messrs. Rice and Samp
son, of Hollowell, Me., was entirely con
sumed by fire on Tuesday morning last.
A Sad Case. A correspondent of the
Ronton Journal mentions the arrival at
that port of one of the most pitiful objects
... 1 .U! . U . V.
that ever lived a man Dreaming wnuuu
n nnerture of his wind-pipe, about mid
way from the stornum to the chin. This
aperture was made by a musket ball in
M,Im. in one of the late battles. He
scarcely breathed at all througl. the throat
n,l had neailv if not quit,i lost the pow
er of articulation, and as he could neither
read nor write, it was alraoBt impossible
to make himself understood in the least.
IdeTChloriile of Soda, is said, in the
London Lancet, a medical work, to be
an effectual cure for a burn. It is stated
in that journal, as an example, ihat an
attorney, in attempting to put out the
flames that had attacked the curtains of
his bed, gol his hands burned, but not
bioken. He sent for a couple of qusrtsof
the lotion, four ounces of the solution to
a pint of water, had it poured into soup
plates, wrapped his hands in lint, as no
skin was broken, and so kept them for
somo time. Next morning he was so
perfectly well, that only one small patch
of lhe burn remoined, yet an hour had
elapsed before the application. It is ad
ded that the same remedy is sumcieniio
heal scalds and a black eye.
A Touching Scene. rassing up one
of our pleasant streets a few evenings ago,
we saw a man shamefjlly inebriated,
loaning upon the fchoiilderof his young
daughter, who was conducting him home
from the scene of his night's debauch.
The erring parent stnggercd to and fro,
swaying the fragile child as lhe reed is
moved by the wind. Those were bitter
tears that coursed down her pale cheek,
and fearful were the emotions which
swelled in that young bosom. Sacred
before God, angels, and men, was that
filial piety which prompted her to duty,
and deplorable strange, passing strange
the weakness of that man and parent
who called it into action under circum
stances so disgracefulso worse than
brutal. Cleveland Herald.
A Learned Wooo Sawyer. We
have in this city a German about 30 years
of age, who was educated in one of the
German Universities. He is an excel
lent Lalinist, a good Greek and Hebrew
scholar, and speaks and writes French,
Spanish, German and English, and is an
excellent mathematician. With all these
accomplishments he is compelled, for
want of better employment, to saw wood
for a living. Detroit Journal.
Telegraph One Thousand Miles'
On Saturday, the 15th inst. tho Tele
graph wire? were connected from New
York through to Montreal, and a direct
communication opened between lhe two
cities a distance of over one thousand
miles. This is the greatest distance yet
achieved over the wires.
American Inventions. There were
at the late fair in New York, over four
hundred new inventions, sufficiently at
testing the activity ond fertility of the
American brain, uen. laiimadge ue
livered an able address at the close re
commending still greater efforts noxt
year. The premiums included 28 gold
medals, 44 silver cups, 214 silver cups,
214 silver medals, 125 volumes of books,
11 special premiums, and 402 diplomas
A Large Collection. A collection
.t o. t Li- ni L.
was made in me ot. oosepns iviiurvo
(Roman Catholic,) Albany, on Sunday,
towards the expenses of erecting a Cath
olic Cathedral in that city, when the sum
of four thousandfive hundred dollars was
contributed in a few minutes! And this
large amount was the donation of only
174 individuals.!an average of $25 each!
Italian; Meeting. The Italians of
New Orleans held, on the evening of the
17th inst.. a tremendous meeting, the ob
ject of which was to express their ap pro
bation of the course pursued by His Ho
liness Pope Pius IX, in regard to ital
iao freedom and Italian rights. The
meeting was addressed by several orators.
From tkt tiatineal Inttlhftnctr.
The "Old Farmer ' Acaln.
Hon ihalltht car It IroHfhttom clou?
Every one must now see, Messrs. Ed
itors, that the hope of "conquering a
peace in the balls of the Montezumas' is
utterly vain snd futile. The President
has taken the position that he will not
withdraw our armies until Mexico con
sents to a peace; Mexico refuses to treat
until our troops are withdrawn; and, in
the mean time, the terms proposed to be
ottered on either side are such as the op
posite party refuses lo accept. So
long, therefore, as our armies continue iu
Mexico, we can make no peace, even
though we make a desert. What then,
is to bedonel Shall the war be waged
interminably for no purpose whatever?
President Polk, on taking tho Presi
dential chair, finding himself in possess
ion of a "giant's strength," seems to have
thought it necessary for him "to use it
like a giant" Accordingly, after having
blustered with England on tho Oregon
question, and then accepted about half
what he claimed, he turned upon weak
distracted Mexico snd siezed herby the
throat. Against this unprovoked vio
lence Mexico remonstrated, snd endeav
ored to free herself from his grasp, but
she refused to humiliate herself, because
she was not conscious of having commit
ted any crime. And now, because she
does not fall upon her knees, and yield
up her territory and her citizens to Pres
ident Polk's mercy, heand his whole Ca
binet are totally disconcerted, and know
not what course to niirsne. iNow.ls it DOS-
heart f siblethevcan be so utterlv devoid of shame
asto continue theiraggressions upon a peo
ple who remonstrate with so much digni-
ly in the midst of their misfortunes, and
exhibit a firm resolution to perish rather
than humiliate themselves, where they j
have committed no offence!
It is perfectly evident tint Congress
must interfere in some way to bring this
deplorable war to a close. Should ilfail
to take some active measures on the sub
ject, it will disappoint the hopes of the
i.n - l Tl II. ' 1. -
nation, it rregiueui 1 om is u iiihkc
war with impunity, when and with whom
he pleases, and if Congress cannot or
dare not refuse the supplies of men or
money which he requires for carrying it
on, ho needs nothing more except the
prerogative of the bowstring to become a
perfect Turkish Sultan. And the Sultan
of Turkey himself was scarcely commit
ting greater acts of violence and ferocity
upon Greece than President Polk is now
committing on Mexico, when England
and France interposed for humanity's
sake, and annihilated his rleeiaUNavarino
No one wishes or expects that the
brave men now 111 Mexico shall be per
milled to suffer for want of supplies; but
surely Congress can insist that terms of
peace shall be greatly mooineu, oeiore
they gratify any further the President's
childish propensity to conquer other na
tions. Were both Houses 01 congress
to pass a resolution that it would be inex
peuieui to an am mreigu inj
Union, except with the consent and at the
request of its inhabitants, it might go far
towards facilitating a peace, and placing
this nation in a more honorable position
before the world than it now occupies.
The Constitution of the United States,
was certainly never established for the
purpose to conquer other nations. Its
sole object is to promote the happiness of
our own people at home. To annex for
eign territory, with its inhabitants, by
force, to the Union, is a mo3t preposte r-
ous absurdity, because ported ireeuomis
at the very foundation ot our institutions.
Yet President Polk, in his extreme
anxiety to gain some eclat for his adminis
tration, after having expended a hundred
millions of dollars, and sacrificed twenty
thousand lives, in conquering Mexican
territory, offers, through Mr. Trist, fif
teen or twenty millions of dollarsfor what
is not worth two millions. Can the farce
of folly go fartherl
But the people of the United States
need no more territory. We have land
enough to cultivate, and to spare. We
have also cities to build and harbors to im
prove; we have canals and railroads to
construct; we have forests to clear and
rivers to make navigable; and, generally,
to embellish that country which a kind
Providence has assigned to us. We
have also the duties of education, science
and religion to attend to. Is it for such
a people to waste its energies in assault
ing other nations! Shall we send armed
men three thousand miles to burn the hut
of the peaceful ranchero in Mexico?
Shall wo send companies of enigineers
there to blow up houses filled with af
frighted shrieking women and children!
Shall we follow these counselors who tell
us "there is still more work for the bayo
net! lsil a wonney oojBti, in a mag
nanimous people like us, to make widows
and orphans in Mexico! Many bad men
there doubtless are iu this unhappy coun
try, but shall we punish the innocent for
. ' . A ' ,.!.! . I
the crimes ot tne guilty 1 it is am iuive
and deparadosof Mexico who suffer trom
the present war, it is the moral and indus
trious portion of ber community who are
injured by our attacks. Then let wiser
counBils prevail. Let our armies be re
called; let us endeavor to alone for the
errors of the past; let us gladden the
hearts of the unfortunate Mexicans as we
did those of starving Irishmen, for such
a mission of mercy confers more true
honor on a country than all the bloody
laurel which were ever eained.
Do the enlightened people of the Uni
ted States, especially the females, right-
. . ' - A T-
lv consider the consequences 01 sending
laree armies into foreign countries!
Have tbev never reflected mat large ooa
ies of men. in these circumstances, wbeth
er flushed with victory or embittered by
defeat, are prone te forget the obligations
of religion and humanity Jjothey rear
iifl the horrors of plantations wasted, vil
lages laid in ashes, cities sacked, desola
ted, and their inhabitants put lo the
sword, and battle-fields strown with dead
anddvinrmenl Alas! bow many father,
nd husbands, hnw many mothers and
wives, how may hapless orphans, will be
left to lament the iucursou of our armies
And by all this, let it be remembered,
we have gained and can gain nothitg
absolutely nothing. The blood and
treasure we have expended "are like wa-
ter poureci 011 the ground, which cannot
be gathered up." Shamel everlasting
shame, on the counsels which have led
the nation into such an enterprise!
An Old Farmer.
Washington Co. (Md.J Oet. 27, 1847.
Mr. Polk Proscribing: the Friends
or wiiernl i n y lor.
We have never doubted that the ad
ministration were deadly hostile, person
al, politically and military ,to the Hero of
Buena Vista. Heretofore, their hostility
has shown itself in overslaughing Gener
al Tsylor,depressingbimin bis command,
and in every possible way shutting him
out of public view. But this negative
policy has had no other effect than to ex
cite indignation against Mr. Polk and his
advisers. A more decided policy has been
determined upon, and henceforth not on
ly General Taylor but his friends are to
feel the power of the administration.
Proscription is now tube the order of the '
day, and the work has already commen
ced. The first victim is the Postmaster
at Harrisburg. A letter to the Philadel
phia Pennsylvanian (Locofoco) "announ
ces the appointment of Isaac G. McRin
ley, Esq., as Postmaster at Harrisburg,
in place of James Peacock, Esq." Mr.
McKinleyisthe editor of the Harrisburg
Democratic Union. Thus far savs the
Pennsylvanian the Philadelphia Bulle-
in gives us the cause of the proscription.
t says: "We have been informed that
Mr. Peacock's removal was owing to hit
participation in the T"ylor State Conven
tion, recently held in llarruburg!
So, to be a friend of General lay tor is
henceforth lo bring down the hatred of
We shall now see, who of the many
office holders who were inclined towards
General Taylor will now back out, and
protest "they never liked the man.
Proscription: the Order. Mr. Polk
s getting most intollerant with the office
holders. He cuts off their official heads
at the first sign of oppugnstion. We
stated yesterday hnw he had deposed the
Postmaster at Harrisburgh, for taking
part in a Taylor meeting. We have now
another instance, where an officer was
turned out for a mistake in the newspa
per. In Rochester, (N. Y.) there are two
Langworthys, father and sou. i he first
ir L. B. Langworthy, a locofoco, and till
lately a collector of the port, lhe son is
5. II. Lang worthy, a Whig, who signed
a call for an Anti-Texas meeting. In set
ting up the call the compositor mistook
S. for L., and the error escaped correc
tion. This proof of heresy on the part
of the collector was forwarded to Wash
ington, and Mr. Langworthy, senior, was
incontinently cast out ot orhce.
Mr. Polk seems to be determined, as
he cannot conquer a peace in Mexico, to
try what be can do with his office-holders.
We rather suspect he will find the
latter more tractable than the country
men ofhisfriend Santa Anna. Bolt Pat.
Flaxseed or Linseed. In the tariff
of 1846 a duty of 20 per cent.. Is laid up
on flaxseed, and only 10 percent. on lin
seed. Theso articles generally come un
der one head, and iheir separation led to
some jocose remarks by Mr. Webster in
ihe Senate, while the bill was before that
body. The closeness of the vote there,
led lo the passage of the bill with as few
amendments as posible, and lhe two ar
ticles in question remain unchanged. Of
course, importers choose to enter it under
the name of linseed, and thereby save 10
per cent, additional duty, and we believe
that tho article from the East Indies has
been always under lhe name of linseed.
About a fortnight since, however, orders
were received at this port from Mr. Sec
retary Walker, to class it under the head
of flaxseed, and to demand 20 per cent,
duty. This increased duty has been paid
under protest, which will lead to numer
ous suits at law, and thus it will be for
the legal fraternity to settle the intricate
question as to whether flaxseed is linseed
or linseed flaxseed. Boston Transcript.
The editor of the Washington Union
announces in a terrific tone that "the char
acter of the tczr must now be changed."
In the same number ot the paper, he says:
" Up to the present time the Government
has sought to conduct the war as Christian
nations should conduct wart."
Well, as the character of the war is to
be changed; the necessary inference is,
that the Government will hereafter seek
to conduct it not at Christians but at
savages! Louisville Journal.
Vermont. Gov. Eaton's message is
brief and in good taste. He recommends
a good law for the protection of the prop
erty of married women, similar to that
which has been enacted in other Mates.
The common schools are in flourishing
condition. The geological survey of the
State is nearly completed. Ex-Governor
Paine and Mr. Marsh have been ap
pointed to correspond with Hiram row
ers respecting lhe statue of Ethan Allen
and T. Chittenden, tobe placed in the
capital. The Governor refers very brief
ly, but emphatically to the position of na
tional affairs, affirming the consistency of
Vermontin the ancient whig faitu.anaDor
oppsition to the present schemes of the
the admidistratiun. aois. f-
Me.Edito: Allow m to '
popular ticket for the two highest office.
r. . -JXSIIS BOCBAIIA. of PnB.
tk.. worthies will receive the undl
JA X Bschelor. in
.couafryTif not ot the dfcracy. Thi.
Sit bs. W P Mor'- but "
r.son whv it should not be up again..
ONE OF THE FRATERNITY.
! i t
jn direction ot tne enemy.