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The Lancaster gazette. (Lancaster, Ohio) 1846-1852, December 10, 1847, Image 2

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(Dl)to fcgteltiture.
. In Senatb, December 6, 1S47.
-At 11 o'clock, A. M., tho Setiuie was
called to order by Mr. Kendall, llio Sen
ator from Gallia, Jackson, Lawrence and
Scioto. On motion of Mr. Johnson, .
The Senate proceeded to the election
of Speaker, which resulted as follows:
Kor Churlet B. G ijjurdi of Ma-kingum, 17 vote
Kor l-Mon U. (JlJ, of Pickaway," 13 "
Mm,..., I "
So Ciiari.es G. Goddard, having re
ceived a majoriiy of all the votes given,
was declared duly elected Speaker, and
having been conducted to the Chair by
Mr. Olds, addressed the Senate as follows:
Gentlemen of the Senate: .
Accept my thanks for this token of your
retard. t am not insensible of the high
honor of the post you have assigned me,
nor unmindful of its arduous responsibili
ties. These I cannot expect to discharge
.villi advantage to the public, or satisfac
tion to you, without drowning largely up
on that kind partially which has prompted
the selection.
. . Your generous forbearance your fa
vorable construction, will doubtless be
often required. Allow mo to hope that
it will not be asked in vain.
The Senate then proceeded lo the e
leetion nl'Clerk.wjth the following resull
Kor Albert Gdllmvuy, of (Jieoue cu. 19 votes.
Vur John (i. Biesliu.ol Sonecu, 16
Blank, 1
So Ai.nr.itr Galloway, having receiv
ed a majority of all the vole, was declar
ed duly elected Clerk of the Senute, and
whs sworn into office by the Hon. Feler
The Senate then proceeded to tho e
loction of Sorgeant-at-Arnis, with the fol
lowing result:
For C'lilmnhin Dowiiine. of Meigco., 1!) vntot.
For Hubert Mullen, of Hamilton. IV "
So CoLtMiiiA )ownino, having re
ceived a majority of all the votes, was de
clared duly elected bergeant-iit-Arms ol
tho Swnate, and was sworn into ollice
by tho lion. Peter Hitchcock.
On motion of Mr. Wilson it was
llesolved. That the standing rules and
orders of the lust session be adopted for
the government of the present session,
until otherwise ordered.
On motion of Mr. Bennett, a message
was sent to tho House informing that
body that the Senate had organized by
electing Charles B. Goddard, Speaker;
Albert Galloway, L-lerk, und Columbia
Downing, Sergeant-at-Anns, and was
now ready to proceed to business.
On motion of Mr. Backus, a resolution
was adopted directing the Secretary of
State to furnish Senators with certain
Journals, Laws and Documents.
On motion of Mr. Olds, it was
Resolved, That C. B. Flood, Esq., be
admitted within the Bur of the Senate,
as Reporter for the Ohio Statesman.
On motion of Mr. Lewis it was
Resolved, That Alex. K. Glenn be ad
mitted within the Bar of tho Senato, as
Reporter for the Ohio Stato Journal.
. On motion of Mr. Anknoy, it was
Resolved, That E. T. Tappali bo ad
mitted within tho Bar of tho Senate as
Reporter of the Ohio Press.
On motion of Mr. Johnson, it wns
Resolved, That when the Senate ad
journs it shall bo lo moot at 10 o'clock
A. M.and 3 o'clock P, M. till otherwise
Mr. Olds gave notice that he should on
to-morrow or some subsequent day of the
present session, ask leave to introduce
a bill to authorize the qualified volers of
this Stale to vote for or against a Con
vention to nmond the Constitution.
Mr. Olds offered a resolution, instruc
ting the Judicary committee to inquire
into tho expediency of so amending the
election laws of this State, as to permit
qualified volers from Ohio, among the vol
unteers in tho set vice of tho Unitml States
in Moxico to vote at the annual elections
for Stale ami United Status ollicois.
Laid oa the table.
Mr.Claypool gave notico that he would
ask leave to introduce a bill lo incorpo
rate tho Chillicnihe Telegraph company.
Mr. Aichibold gave notico that ho
would ask lnavu to introduce a bill sup
plementary In tho several actsto provide
lor the uckuovvluilginoiit and recording ol
deeds, and oilier instruments of writing.
Mr. luinnx-liu gave notice that ho
would ask leave to inti oiluco a bill to
provide for tho election of the Board of
Public Works by the people.
Mr. Hastings offered tho tollowin reso
lution: Resolved, That tho Sergeunt-at-Arms
bu authorized to appoint two inossencor
boys for the Senate, at a compensation of
lilty cents per day.
Mr. Olds moved to amend by striking
out "lifty" and inserting "seventy-five,"
which was agreed to, unj the resolution
Mr. Stutsmi offered a joint resolution,
requesting the speakers ol the two limi
ne to confer with the clergymen of Co
lumbus, ami request them to make ar
rangements between thems'ilves for the
uttondauco ofono of their number ench
morning to open the session with prayer.
Mr. Kecinolin demanded the ayes and
noes, which woio taken as fnlhtwt;
Avp.s. Messrs. Backus, Heaver, Ben
nett, Burns, Claypoole, Corwiu, Eaton,
Graham, Hamilton, Hustings, Hopkins,
liertoti, Johnson, Judy, Ken. bill, Lewis,
Olds, Itaudiill, Scott, Stiitson, Wheeler,
Wilson and Speaker 23.
Nous. - Mossrs. Ankiiev, Archbold,
Blockson.Byvrs, Crouise, Einrie, Evans
Ewing, llaines, King, Jfemnelin, Spin
dlcr, and Wiuegni'ner 13.
So tho resolution was adopted,
On motion of Mr. Stutson a joint reso
lution w;u adopted, autliori.iiij theSpeak
rrs (if the two Houses to audit the postage
of the members on all letters relating to
public businuss received or sect by them,
und on all document printed by tithor
A message was received from the House
of Representatives, informing the Senate
that the House hud organized by election
Joseph S. Hawkins, Speaker; Henry A.
Swifr, Clerk, and Achilles Scatterday,
Sergeant-al-Arns, and was now" ready
to proceed to business.
A messsge was received from the
House, announcing (he passage of a reso
lution for the appointment of a joint com
mittee to wait upon the Governor to in
f'Min liitn of the organization of the Gen
. etui Assembly, and that they were now
ready to receive any communication ho
" miyht be pleased t make.
; i'bo resolution was adopihd, uud
Messrs Backus and Ewing were appoin
ted the committee on the part of the Sen
ate. . :
On motion nf Mr. Olds, a resolution
was adopted allowing John G. Breslin,
lato Clerk of the Senate, and Hubert Mul
len, late Suiieaiit-at-Aims of the Senate,
twenty-five dollars each.for their services
at the opening ot the present session.
On motion of Mr. Ewing,
- The Senate took a recess.
House of Kepi eseiit;i live.
The House was called to order at 10
o'clock, by the Hon. E. F. Drake of
On motion of Mr. Breck, it was
Resolved, That this House do now pro
ceed to the election of a Speaker, Clerk,
and Suareeant-at-Arms, each to serve du-
liner, the present session.
The House then proecedod to tho e
jection of a Speaker with the following
For Josephs. Hawkins 38
John S. Cock 33
Blank . 1
Jos k rii S.Hawkins of Proble county,
having a majoriiy of all theVotes cast,
was declared duly elected Speaker for
the ensuing session; and upon assuming
the chair, addressed the House as follows;
(ifnllemrn of Ike House nf Rtprctenlnliotr.
1 thank ymi for the honor jiul conferred In
the clifcliMige of the duties which will devolve
upon inn as your rciiliug nfiicrr. it shall he my
uunwemng purpoiio lo esmxine th Mi ldest ini-
paniiiiity. hiiipro, I tii.MI untim lean minimi; uw
I pledge tlmt they shall he errors of tlm brail iiml
not ol I he heart. Our inloicoin so willi eqt li oili
er, I trust will he chaiwlerizeil by th.it spirit of
mutual fnrht-iiriuicA and good leuliug, which can
alone render our dclilierutioiin iiacful to the peo
ple wo ii'picsmit, and honorable- to oni inselvos.
And I fondly cherish (he hope, that the husiness
of die r-inu will he deposed with such prompt
ness and despatch that we may, at an early day.
return to our CDimtitueolK deserving and receiving
fi'iiin them, the weleonie.plaudit "well done good
and fdilhlul tui vauU." (icntluinuu, again permit
mo to thank yun.
The Houso I hen proceeded to the elec
tion of Clerk, with the following result :
For Henry A. Swift 38
" Mathias Martin.... 33
Henry A.Swikt having received a ma
jority of all the votes cast, was declared
duly elected Clerk of tho House of Rep
resentatives for the present session.
The House then proceeded to the elec
tion of Sergeutit-at-Arms with tho follow
ing result:
1' or Achilles Scatterday 40
" A Wrijiht 31
Blanks 2
It appearing that there were cast for
SiMirgoant-at-Arms 73 votes,
Mr. Anthony moved that the House
proceed to ballot again for that officer
For Achilles Scatterday 31
" Alfred Wright 33
Aciiii.i.iks ScAT'i'KitOA Y having receiv
ed a minority of all the votes cast, was
declared duly elected Sergeatit-at-Arms
during the present session.
On motion of Mr. Noble, a messnge
was sent to the Senate to inform Unit body
that the House was organized and ready
for business.
On motion of Mr. Blake, the rules of
the last session were adopted for tho
present government f (ho Houso.
Mr. Warren offered the following joint
resolution which were adopted:
Resolved, That the Speakers of two
Houses bo and they are hereby author
ised and required to audit and and al
low for payment, out of the Stato Treas
ury, the postage accounts of the members
and clerks of both houses of the present
General Assembly, on all letters and pa
pers, and on all public documents, order
ed by either or both houses to be printed,
which members may deem proper to Trunk:
rrnvided, however, that this privilege
shall not extend to documents or packa
ges exceeding six ounces in weight.
On motion of Mr. Clarke, the Serjeant-at-Arms
was directed to employ two
messenger boysuta compensation of $1
per day.
On motion of Mr, Clarko it was resolv
ed that when this House adjourn, it ad
journ to 10 o'clock, A. M. and when it
lakes a recess it shall be until 3 o'clock,
P. M.
Mr. Truosil.ilo oflercd for adoption the
following resolution:
Resolved, I hat the Speaker bo instruc
ted to request the Clergymen of thusov
(ii ul denominations of tho city of Coluni-
linnbiis, to ullond one each morning, ho
that the session of tho House maybe o-
ponoil willi prayer,
Mr, Drnko moved to lay the resolution
on tho table lost.
The resolution was then adopted
ayes GO, nays 10.
Mr. Lo wretiee moved that a select com-
milleo of five to he appointed to report
rules for the government of tho lionise
1 he Spcakor announced the following
gontlemen os said committee: Messrs.
,awronco, Potter, Blake, Smith of Ham
ilton, and Perry.
j ho Snnaker announced tho following
committee on Privileges and Elections:
Messrs, Trimble, Cock, Pennington,
Johnson and Conklin.
Mr. Noble offered a resolution, calling
upon tho Secretary of Slate, for copies
of Mills' Index, &cj which, after Buudry
amendments, were adopted.
The llouno thou took a recess until 3
o'clock, P. M.
;ovi:itOH-s iiii.ssuji:.
Gentlemen of the Senate.
and House of Representatives'.
I rejoice that our domestic ad'iiirs af
ford, lit our present meeting, so much
cause of mutual congratulation and pro
found gratitude In the great Author of all
Good. Whilst pnstilenco and famine
have wasted tho Eastern Hemisphere,
heulih and plenty have smiled in all our
burden. Labor; throughout its manifold
departments, has prospered ur.d brought
a rich reward. Learning, benevolence,
and religion have thrown their roots wi
der and deeper into (ho foundations l'
the social system. Temperance has ex
tended, still more, her benign influence
over the curing and the lost: and as a
cohsoquenre,'general good order has pre
vailed, and crimes have diminished
throughout the State.
Daring the year that is past, the sever
al departments of the Stale Government
have discharged their respective duties
with faithfulness and success, as will, in
duo time, appear from their reports. ,
.. As tho very circumstantial and able
diately be laid before you, showing our
revenues lo be in a highly prosperous
condition. I shall content myself with
the following brief statement of the re-
ceiptsand disbursements of the fiscal year
ending on the 15th day of November,
nKt'Kl l'T S.
General revenue received
from taxes levied uu the
grand list, mid inciden
tal items during the tin
calyear.1817 $1,202,028 47
Toll, dividend received , .
u I mi omuls, turnpike
and puhlic works ot llio
Slate 817,611 85
Tax iihiii Ltuuks, Insu
rance and Bridge Com
panies 41,748 Wi
hin plus Keveuue, pnnci- .
pal re,iuid by the coun
ties 101,835 48
Interest iikiii Surplus Rev- , ' .
euiifi paid ly tliu coun
ties to Common Sciiool
Kund 80,379 06
Receipt lor maul luuda
sold, and other items... 53,943 4(1
Total payments into the treasury up
plicahle to the annual expenses of
the Slate (hivernment mid Inslilu
liuns.repaira of I'ublic Works, pay.
nuuit ol interest on .State Debt, and
to llio Sinking Fund f 3,3 14,075 78
Paid upon 'appropriations
for support of Slate Oov
eminent and Stale Insti
tutions, during the year
1B47 f-210,250 42
Paid for support of com
mon school 201,3111 31
lulerest upon filule )eht,
Koreigu and Domestic,
including exchange mid
expenses paid 1,175,117 51
ttupaii s and contingent ex
penses upon the I'ublic
Works 317.5B8 13
Amount of payments for the ordi
nary annual expenditures of
l,0O-l.Sr5 37
Balance huiug surplus npplica
hle to IIih payment of the lem
purary ami funded dubtuf the
In addition to Iheahove (here lias
been paid into the treasury, on
icc.ouut ol school lauds anil oth
er trust funds uud proceeds of
loans anil bonds issued, tho
sum of
I'avuienls have hi eu mado from
thete funds to tliu nnnmiit nf. .
$109,820 41
(237,115 2(i
118.341 01
Leaving the balance of the ie
rcipls of thelrust funds, over
the disburse uieuta
$1 13 804 23
Domestic bonds lo the amount of$119,-
6S3 73 have been redeemed durm the
year 1817, at the treasury.
J he total amount ol tho balances ot the
several funds in the treasury at tho close
of the fiscal your, on the 15ili November,
1847, was54'J4,2()l 70
This cheering epitome of the fiscal af
fairs of tho State, and the highly prosper
ous condition of all her industrial inter
ests, indicate the present as tho long-looked
for and auspicious period to begin ef-
thciently the payment oi lier debts. And
I accordingly earnestly recommend that
the Sinking Fund bo increased from
twenty-live thousund to not less than two
hundred thousund dollars, per annum.
Uur new Kevenuo l.uvv so much lor a
time, misunderstood, commending itself
by its wisdom, fairness and efficacy, to the
deliberate judgement and intognty ot the
determined faith-Rustaining, and dobt-
paying people (if Ohio, has at length fair
ly lived down all opposition. It base-,
qualized our burdens, filled our treasury,
and sustained our credit on a proud emi
nence amongst tho stales und nations of
ihe earth.
The act to incorporate the Stale Bank
of Ohio und other Banking Institutions,
has thus fur realized the expectations of
its burners. It has gone very generally
into operation, dispensing throughout ev
ery district of the Stale, those facilities
which the exigencies of modern com
merce demands, uflordiiig to the people
a convenient, sound and convertablo cur
rency, and paying even more than its e
quiil share of llie tuxes of the State.
Tho amount received from sales of Ca
nal lands during the year proves the
wisdom ot the
shed on the good name of the Stale: 1
cheerfully commend them to your con
tinued patronage.
1 he mild yet him discipline adminis
tered by the Warden and officers of the
Penitentiary, and moral and religious in
strumentalities brought into requisition,
including the largely increased library for
the use ot the convicts, collected by the
Itev. Mr. I inley, are exercising, I trust, a
wholesome influence upon their charac
ter. Noduty intrusted to government is
mine difficult of execution than that of
the punishment of crime. The great ob
ject to be kept in view is, the protection
of society, by the confinement, and es
pecially by the reformation of the crimi
nals, in such manner as shall at once de
fray all expenses and train the convicts
to habits of industryjnot forgetting. though
fallen, that they are yet men, with minds
to be enlightened and hearts to be ani
mated by the lessons of morality and re
ligion. It is not true that we have di
rected our attention too much to the fi
naucial view alone of this great govern
mental obligation! Having succeeded
in making the j emtentiary defray its
own expenses, aid in erecting other in
stitutions, and pay a balance into the
treasury, have we not overlooked the
nature of the contracts by which the con
victs have bean hired out and transfer
red front baud to hand; and have we not,
in some respects, forgotten what is due
to their minds and bodies May it not
well be questioned whether unremitting
and unreqiiilted toil, from early dawn till
night, under the eyo of an interested task
master, without an hour to read by day
or light to read at night, constitutes the
grout road lo moral reformation? Js i
right lo continue in the hands of one iudi
vidual a monopoly of be I ween two and
three hundred laboring men, at only thir
ty-three cents per day, boarding lodging
and woiksliops found? Is it just to keep
up that monopoly at that price in com
petition with the honest mechanics of the
Slutef Is it to bo tolerated that such
coutruct is claimed to be perpetual!
submit to your deliberate judgement
whether the Warden of the Penitentiary
had power, cither by virtue of Ins office
or by any legal enactment, to limit or con
trol legislation, by such perpetual con
duct, and whether the General Assem
bly has not undoubted right, in tho ex
el cise of its discretion, to abolish the
penitentiary system entirely, or to adopt
solitary confinement, either in whole or
in port; or il the hi id the presout system
detrimental to the industrial concerns
of the Slate, whether, from the nature of
government and the terms of the con
tracts themselves, they may not employ
cither the whole or u part of the convicts
at tho public buildings. And I would
further submit to tho wisdom of the Leg
islature, whethei the work on the State
House ought not to be immediately and
earnestly resumed; and whether convict
labor ought not to bo withdrawn from
avoculious injurious to mechanical pur
suits uud directed to this necessory ob
ject, taking care, in its gradual withdraw
id, to work no injury to any just rights ol
contractors. And if by this direction to
tho labor ol the prison, or a portion of it.
appropriations become nocessory to pay
tor tho stone quarry purchased, ami to
support the institution, whother they
should not be made. Is it not better to
do that than either lo hire out convicts at
thirty-three cents per day, and employ
other in bore rs to do the same work at
one dollar and fifty rents per day; or to
suffer tho foundation laid, and materials
provided for the State House, as well as
our archievcs lo go to ruin.
The National Government having for
the time being at least, abandoned our
lakes and rivers, and directed all the en
ergy and resources of the nation to a war
of foreign conquest, il becomes the more
important, especially as it is tho sotlled
policy of the State of Ohio not to increase
her dobt, but to pay it off; that till proper
encouragement should be given to such
organizations as will bring the private
r-uterpaitio of the country to bear on its
physical improvement. The Railroads
extending from Boston, New York, Phil-
tTlie population and business of Hamil
ton, Cuyahoga, and perhaps other coun
ties, are so rapidly increasing, and nave
ndeod already grown so large, as to ren
der it impossible for the existing courts
of justice to decide all the cases accu
mulating upon their dockets. Somead
... , . i .i i . i
(lilioi.ni courts, sucu as me legislature
may in the exercise of its constitutional
powers see tit to organize, have become
It is a matter of rejoicing to every lov
er of enlightenment and freedom that the
cause of education in all its departments,
was never more prosperous than the past
H- , 1 ,
year. 1 lie common scnooi system is
firmly established in the habits and affec
tions of the people, and though falling in
many things short ot the hopes ol tho
$l)c Cawastcr icr?cttc.
- L . JJ.J, Lf-
Friday Itloi ninu.Wectiiibcr 10, IS 11
This body met on Monday last. Mr
Winthrop, of Boston, was elected Speak
er. The nomination was tendered to
Mr. Vinton; but he declined accepting
it. Before the election of Clerk, tlie
house adjourned. The vote for Speaker
was divided beteen Messrs. Winthrop,
Boyd and McClelland the former
patriot and philanthropist, fully partakes ceiving one majority
of tho progressive spirit of the age, and The chances are in favor of Campbell
will not in the end, lal! short Ot US high f Ttnnenue. for Clerk N. Ser.
destiny, the universal diffusion of useful eanf ro,;ver oidschooB for Serleant
knowledge It needs no recommendation . . TT T v
of mine to command your cordial and
continued support
Uno ot the most important duties ne
cessarily devolving upon the present ses
sion of the General Assembly, is the
at-Arm Horner of New Jersey, for
trsf Wo send the President's Message
to our subscribers in an extra that is
quadrennial apportionment of the State, what we have received of it. By some
and as no right is dearer to a freeman mistake among thoso, in charge of the
t'umlidtttt'8 for Governor.
Mr. Editor: Among the list of hon
ored iiumes, had in connection with this
office, for nomination in the whig ranks, I
should be pleased to see that of GEN
Aside from his devotion to the principles
of the Whig party, in which ho bus been
identified during a lifetime of usefulness,
his undeviating course of integrity, iden
tification with the true and best interests
of our great and prosperous State, and
his actively practical business habits, em
inently qualify him for the high station to
which all ot his personal irieuds would
gladly placlnm. His services, military
aud civil, in times gone by, are too well
known to require recital. Should an
other be mora successful in getting the
nomination of our1 party, no man will
give him a more hearty support, after he
ascertains that he possesses the true Jef
ferson test honesty, capacity and faith'
fulness than Gen. Sanderson.
than equal representation, I rest assured
that you will meet this fundamental trust
willi all that spirit of deliberation, can
dor and fairness toward all parlies uud
every district of the Stato, which its del
icacy and proper performance demand.
The people of Ohio are so largely in
terested in the easy transportation of her
agricultural products to market, that it
becomes the duty of her executive and
legislative departments, to speak in Ian
gunge not to be misunderstood, us to the
obligation of the general government lo
1 elegraph, it was not all received at
Columbus. There are about three col
umns yet to come, which we will pub
lish next week. However, ull the i
portant parts of the message are in our
CThe Editor has been absent during
the past week.
Common Schools.
In another column will be found a call
aid in the development in these great for a meeting of the citizens of the Town
lines of internal commuaication, which on Saturday evening, to take into consid
the inventive genius and irresistible ener
gy .of the age are giving to the world. If
there be any one question in relation to
which more than to another the people of
ttie whole Union are united as the voice
eration the present condition of our Com
moo Schools. That this matter demands
attention we have long been of the opiti
ion, and now that t lie subject is to be in
ot one man, it is as the duty of Congress vestigatod and discussed wo earnestly
to iinpmve our great lakes and l ivers, so hope that ll.o movement will not cease
an iv Hiimvi omo Mini vuctiij uiitiim uuvi-I y r i
ration and iransnortation. ' Not ;lllpn(1. "til some remedy for the existing evils
iurr thereby to exclude other enuallv im- s,la11 be founed. That thero are evils, of
. . .
portant objects in our own State and great and serious magnitude, every one
elsewhere, let us direct our attention to who knows anything about the operation
ceuaiu .oouiice.,, umugni oy our pupi.c of ,,ie System, is ready to admit. If any
Maumne and Sandusky bays and Cleve
land liarbor, wheie our canals and rail
roads terminate on Lake Erie, and Buf
falo harbor, where so much western com
merce concentrates. Is it'to be endured
mat me piuuiice roquisiie loimprovo eacn
of these great harbors shall bemuchlon-
ouo doubts their existence, let him go
and examine for himself.
Go look at the beggarly, dilapidated
buildings at the small, badly ventilated,
uncomfortable rooms at the misera
ble seats, many of them without backsi
ger withheld! And on the other side of and so high from the floor that the little
us, why should not Pennsylvania, Vir- sufferers cannot reach it with iheir feet
giniand Kentucky Ohio and Indiana, de- at ti,e ia,.ge lluml)01. 0f 8cilolal.s of btll
iiiuiiu uiui iiiu uunaiiui wuuu ilia laiia ill UJU u 1 l r . 11 .
Ohio river, in which the United StatesT , U8e. 8 , , m ' .
tii close to-
were lust in
the slocks go, consider the number of
scholars (in most cases from fifty to u bun
have already so large an interest, should T . . " i ; ' ;p .7
ilurged, 'and made free ?, . . V .,
I IV I - .1. I . 1.
u red ; who are expccieu to ue lutignt
each day by one Teacher at the few mo
ments ot time ho can give to ouch go,
we say to our citizens go, see and con
sider for yourselves, and then come up
to the work like men and Patriots, reso
lutely determined thut theso things shall
no longor bo.
1 or the honor oi the 1 own, for the
welfare of the rising generation and for
the good of all, we trust this mutter will
receive the attention Us gieat importance
urn ol the law recommended and
past last winter, making a deduction of adolnhia and Baltimore towards Buffalo,
one third in favor of actual settlers, and ! DutiKirk, Pittsburgh and Wheeling must
limiting llio sales to not more than one all in two or more concentrated chains,
hundred uud sixty acres to uny one indi- cross the Stato of Ohio, at right angles
vidual. with our canals and railroads from Tole-
' Tho Legislating of Virginia promptly : do, Sandusky and Cleveland to the Ohio
inutt.ie proposition of the lust General , river, und connect with other roads soon
Assembly of the State of Ohio for the set
tlement, by compact, of the questions of
boundary, uud also of the use, navigation,
and jurisdiction of, and over the Oliio riv
er, by tho passage of joint resolutions cor
responding with ours, In pursuance of
those resolutions, the Governor of Vir
ginia has appointed William C. Rives,
William Green, and G. W. Thompson,
commissioners on the part of Virginia,
who are to meet Thonius Ewing, Alfred
Kelloy, uud John Binugh, commissioners
by mo named on the part of Ohio, nt
communication of the Auditor will imme-
lobe completed to the Mississippi river
at Guhnia, Quincy, Alton and St. Louis,
In all truly democratic governments
whore the policy of the law u to distrib
ute, not to concentrate estates, and whero
mere are, consequently, lew rich men,
associated wealth and effort become in
dispensable to tho accomplishment of
great enterprise, it is thus that corpora
lions emanate from and exist ns the effi
cieut instrumentalities of Republican In
stitutions, and are multiplied in direct
proportion to the enterprise and freedom
be purchased, enlarged
hi the commerce of this vast region'?
Icanuot lake leave without congratulating
you and the country, in view of the tiros
pect that the noble stand which Ohio took
and still ho gallantly maintains, not only
ut nome, out in both houses ot Congress
in tho lore front ot opposition to the Mex
ican war islikoly to be, ere long, sustain
ed by the authoritative voice ofthe nation,
that the attempt to identify opposition to
tins wurot aggression, with opposition to
the lute warof national defence, has so
signally recoiled upon tho heads of its
authors; and that I trust, we shall hear
no more of the absurdity, that national
honor requires from us tho unrelenting tIt is with no ordinary gratification,
and vigorous prosecution of a war com- says the National Whig, that we ore ena
menced in violation of our constitution bled to announce the mousing intelligence
and ol tho eternal principles of right! that Henry Ci.ay purposes to visit Wash
True honor never requires either nations ington this winter, and that he will proba-
or individuals to continue to do wrong, bly arrive about the 23d ot tins mouth
becauso thoir servants and agents have No man's prosonce will be greeted
either commonced or long pursued that with greater delight than Mr. Clay's by
career; on tho contrary the honorable his hosts of devoted friends. They long
course for either, in such un emergency, once more for the opportunity nt doing
is to dismiss their servants, "cease to do homage to his powerful intellect, and fur-
evil, and learn to do well. Justice and seeing statesmanship
truth, humanity and charity, moderation He conies in tho highest of all cbarac
und magnanimity, are infinitely nobler ters, that of the private citizen and he
elomuntsof honor, individual or national will receive at the hands ofthe people
than haughtiness, prido, covetousuess. such a welcome os will make his heart
and revenge, however displayed in bril- warm for joy on revisiting the scenes of
liantond heroic deeds of courage. Let his former triumphs
Congress, therefore, in tho name of vii- We hail the advent ofthe venerable
I ue, Christianity, and peace at home and statesmen, aud hope that the city will at
abroad, declare to the civilized world, once take measures to make him her
that wo ask not the dismemberment of guest.
St.. .. .. i ...:ii i p i . -
i'ic.icii, iiiiu win uuvo noun oi neriein- nv ,,.
. . u.. r i i -i "
.j.,,. uj, .a.. ,..... ,,,,, ,0 elter n t,m N Y Commercitt, Alive,..i.
ixenuoiics hio ui peace, i o wnicn l nog i ,i : i in en
i ..... n ..i i sor says: 1 think wo shall receive full
iuug in nun, ua mo uneoiiivoi a vo ce o nrn nnn i i i r -,.,
ru- i ,iP ., . '. i ; 250,000 bogheads of sugar against 120,
llliin fihnilM tlirl iup AI-1 nt-u Kit nmvo,1 V O o O '
Washington City, on the first Monday of , of states ami nations.
January next. It is hoped that tho Leg- For these.ainongst minv other reasons
isliitino of Kentucky may ut an early pe- 1 would rocommend the passago of a more
riod of its present session, acton the sub
ject, sit that commissioners on behulfof
that State and of this may meet ut the
same lime and place.
In organizing the three Regiments of
Voluiiteois An iheMoxicnn Wnrlust year,
the State incurred a liubility of more than
thirty thousand dollars, a considerable
portion of winch remains as yet unpaid
efficient general law incorporating man-
iitactui'ing companies, with proper lim
itations. To call into active use dormant
capital, to build up manufactures, to aid
young monot small means to begin busi
ncss, to create for the husbandman a mar
koi at ins own door, to develops the re
sources ofthe Suto und to repress emi
grution from it. the tendency nfsiich a law
by the United States Government, as will i is not only obvious but sanctioned by the
inoro lull v appear by tho report of the, experience ol Massachusetts and othor
Quarterinastci'Geiieral. Two other regi- States.
incuts, being the fourth mid fil'ih ofJu. Permit me also to recommend, that the
lantry, und one company of Cavulry, have law regulating interest may bo so modi
this your volunteered, and are now in, fiod as to permit parties to contiact for
Mexico. In the organization of' these any rate no exceeding a ccrtuin limit to bo
latter troops, I did not consider inyselfi fixed by tho Lcgisluture, leaving tho law
eiincr authorized or culled upon to ox- as t now is, m all cases wherein no con
tract has been made in relation to inter
liniODi'iiitions est. I iimtul now bears its eonnl burden
e .... - .' .
uu mo support oi mo army, which were! ol taxation reducing interest in somo pla
1 1 l .1 1. , .t . r. . '
muni uiu cwiiioi oi mo l resident, nm
pcitid lurgo sums of money; first, because
Congress hud made liborul appropriations
the Legislature of Ohio had not, for thut
purpose, placed funds ut my disposal;
hiii) secondly, bocauso the requisition
itself contained tho following clause:
"The proper officers of tho Stuff Depart
mentswill be immediately sent to the
place of rendezvous, with funds to defray
the necessary expenses, which may be in
curred agreeably to law."
The Asylums for lunatics, for the blind,
and lor the deaf and dumb, have all been
managed, by thoir respective superinten
dunts and officers, with distinguished a-
bilily and success, every way worthy of
the high character which they have nt
-A New Orleans i
Hunting of Hie Flia-nlx..IucidciiH.
The Pheenix was discovered lo be on
fire about four o'clock in the moning. At
that time she was muKing good way and
carrying SOlbs of steam. Efforts were
immediately made to extinguish the
flumes. The reservoirs wore opened, the
pumps started, and all who could not
work to advantage were engaged in pas
sing water to the fire. Their efforts were
continued till the flames burst out . oil
either side, and drove the men from their
positions. During the time of the con
flict with the devouring element, the
boats were lowered and tilled with those
who were ultimately saved. It was at
the earnest solicitation of some of tho
passengers and crow, that Captaia
Sweet, who was unable to afford any as
sistance, on account of lameness, wag
helped into the boat.
Whilst the boats were being loaded;
Mr. Blish, of Southport, stood at the
gangway and kept back the cloud of em
igrants who would otherwise have swamp
ed them instantly. Mr. Blish was soli
cited to take a place in the boat, but re
fused, saying that so long as there was
anything to do on board the Pheenix. ho
would not leave her, and when all was
over, he would take his chance with the
others. He was lost,
Mr. Houso, the engineer, from whom
we gather these particulars, remained on
board till the flames fairly drove him in
to the water. . With a broad axe be cut
a fender rope and immediately jumped
overboard. His fingers touched the fen
der, which caused it to roll, and it was
with considerable effort he finally reach
ed it. A very large, vigorous emigrant
mail plunged into the water at this mo
ment, evidently with the intention of se
curing the fender for himself; but he sank
immediately, Mr. House soon found a
stute-room door, which he lied to his fen
der with his neck handkerchief. Upon
this flout he supported himself for about
two hours and a half, evincing throught
from all we can learn, a presence of mind
fortitude, uud hardiness almost incredi
ble. When he first got into the water
he was surrounded by those who were
intent upon eking out their existance un
til relief might providentially reach
them. These he saw sink one after an
other, exhausted and chilled, to their
sleep of deuth. Mr. II. was the first to
discerne the light of the Delaware pro
peller as she was bearing down to the
relief of those unfortunate beings, and
announced the fuel to those around him,
at the same time exhorting them to hold
out a little longer aud they would be res
cued from their perilous situation. At
that time, he is sure there were many a
live within the sound of his voice, and he
is confident that in a few minutes after
wards, not a single one remained except
the three who were saved. A lady, cabin
passenger, drowned within icach of him,
aud she was the last to yield to the king
of terrors. The discription which he
gives of the burning wreck is awfully ter
rific. The hull was a complete bed of
flamo, which, bursting from her sides at
limes, streamed fur out iiponlhe waters,
and then curled aloft till flume meeting
flume, the combined current rushed mad
ly upwards till it seemed lost in the
The shrouds and rigging were cover
ercd wilh living beings, who sought safe
ty there rather than in the water. 1 heir
terror-marked features
Ohio, should further territory bo annexed 000'ast
to tho Umon by conquest, by purchase or ,,, furf8 as
uy ny oinei mime, mui sue, too eldest
of the free born daughters of the Ordi
nance of 1787, will spurn from her bo
som any recreant son of hers who shall
in the hour of trial, desert or surrender
her first great chart of liberty, or fail in
any constitutional effort toconsecrate that
territory to freedom and the iiialinuble
rights of man.
Whilst upon this kindred subject, 1
cannot forget that the "black laws" still
disgrace our statnto books. All 1 can do
is earnestly to reiterate the recommenda
tion for their unqualified repeal.
Beseeching you to unite with me in fer
vent supplication to the throne of our
Father in Heaven, that in this eventful
crisis he will preside overall ourdeliber
aliens, Stute und National, and direct us
in the way wo should go, I again com
mend our beloved Stoto, with all her
concerns, to your guardianship and pro
tection. WILLIAM BE BB.
Coixsmus, Dec, G, 1847.
we in linhfnd liv
I ' o J
too gnastiy giure oi me names, anu as
the fire reached them in their
The now sugar received j
as good in quiihty as we receiv
ed last year two month s lutor, and pu
ces bolow five percent. It is necessary
to the prosperity ot the Stato as well as
labor, and no wise legislator will make
wurupon it. Contracts as high as ten
per cent, aro made everyday in defiance
of the law as it stands. Honest men ful
fill und others, less scrupulous, retreat
behind the law and disregard theni.--Some
reasonable modification, instead
or banishing capital, as the present law
does, to othor States tolerating higher
rate of interest, would invite it amongst us,
and thus by competition diminish rather
than' increase the rate of interest.
Next to the cause of universal educa
tion, the efficient aud speedy odministra
aiiiod and of tlie bistr,
Sick or the War. A gallant officer
of the army, who was in the late buttles,
"I hope wo shall be nblo to leave the
country this Full or Winter; but a few
weeks will decide one way or the othor.
I um satisfied with what I have gone
through. I huve done my duty. Only
had I a small farm, as soon as this war is
over I would bo willing to retire. If we
were fghting for our own country it would
he different but thi.i fighting with a set
of barbarians, and all for a little reputa
tion or glory, ie a poor business." .
The some writer speaking of the high
prices in the city of Mexico, says:
"Everything is high in the city. I
paid S40 for a now coatl A pair of shoes
cost $1, a pound of tea $5, and every
thing else in proportion."
What a prospect for the poor privates,
in ineir retreat.
one lifter another fell and .was either
burned or drowned. One man reached
! the cross-tree where ho lashed himself.
ces range from 3J to S3 cts., and will go ! 1 ",c,f, lie remained alter his companions
lower. Molasses will be equally abun- j ,,I,d ul1 fa,len' aml tl,en 1,6 ih a"d w,hen
dant and cheap. Prices now rule at 20 l""9"? lho ma8t wenl b tl,e boarJ
a21 cts.. but I export to soe it down to wo"1 ,u . n . ...
14e. in bbls., and 10 to 11c. on plantation I , Mr VVest' f R1iic,ne' ."weeded hi
before the season is over. j mng overboard materials enough to
: - float Inmsolt, wife and child. He reques-
lilf The Alexander Gazette well says ; ted his wife to leap into the water with
the wholo blame of the disruption be-! the child, and place herself upon a door,
t ween Lieut. Col. Fremont and Gen.Ivear- This with true hearted devotedness she
ncy, or between the latter and Com. refused to do, unless her husband ac
Stockton, of right belongs to this careless companied her. They joined arms, and
and heedless administration, in not sha-, plunged into the yielding flood, sank to
ping its orders and instructions to suit tho
contingency which it ought to havo fore
seen would happen.
gether to rise no more in life.
Mr. Long, of Milwaukie, saw his wife
and child drowned almost within his
reach, without the power to save. He
r sti. vr V....I.
i v i no now i oik impels announce ! r, i. . r.i. ...i i ....j....
i ,. ' , . unci wuiuo zoi uuiu oi ine VIIIOOI UIIUUl
the death, in lhat ci y, on tho 1st lust., of i .i . 6i e .i .1 . . i.
,-, Tr n t-T , ,. the stern, and was one of the three who
Geo. II C0..T0.V, Esq., the editor and i WM nIivefromtlie water.
prop, ictor of the American Rev.ew. T,6 bo(y ((f yung Xisdale( lhe ,,;
CVo rejoice; says the Louisville ' l)y. ws '""""J floating upon a ladder.
Courier, w thai Mr. Clay has takcli the i 1,0 was 'yinS on "ls s,af w,ln 1,18 neaa
ground ho has on the subject of slavory.
We feci satisfied that Kentucky will nev
er willingly consent to be nn armed pro
pagandist of slavery, and that this por
tion of Mr. Clay's resolutions will moet
the hearty good will of every right-feeling
To the Editor of the Ohio State Journal:
Permit me to recommend through your
paper, Gen. George Sandkrson of Lon-
c ister, as a very suitable candidate, of ter another of the voices were hushed in
the Whig party, for the office of Cover- j death, and a stillness awful and profound
nor. His extensive acquaintanceship i succeeded.
throughout tho State tho services en- The small boats, with their freighta
dured by him during the late war the 1 made for the shore with a view of return-
resting upon his hand. He wss evident
ly not drowned but died from cold.
When tho passengers becamo aware of
tho immedineut danger which surround
ed them, and that almost certain death
awaited them a scene was presented
which beggars description. Some be
took themselves to quiet prayer, others
howled for help, whilo others bowed in
meek submission to the fate of ruling
xiu mo mo piugresaeu, one Hi-
many offices of trust heretofore commit
ted to him by his fellow citizens, and his
strong and well tried political principles,
certainly entitle him to as much regard
and as worthy of support for that ofKce.as
any other citizen of our State.. X.
ing to rescue others. One of them did re
turn before the Delaware left the scene of
disaster. On her way down on Saturday
afternoon the Delaware passed through
a field of dead bodies some thirty in
number, but were left to be taken up by

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