NEW- SERIES VOLi
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING BY
T JOHiV II. WRIGHT. '.
v : i .
DVicr Tullmedge Buildiugs Third . Floor
: opposite J. &J, C. JVlaccracken's Store,
. i Tt rms.' For one yeur.en.A i advance, $2 00
Within tlio year... ....... ......2 50
' After the expiration of the year,.. ..i, .3 00
' - INDUCEMENTS FOR CLUBS,
v ;Tli copies,te one address, cn4 Had- ' '' ',
vance .......$17 50
. . Any larger number in the aaine proportion.' . .
. . , ADVERTISING. ,,. - '
i,T)ne square, one insertion,. 1 fl) .10
:-.. .- three insertions,....,. .1 00
Kurh continuance,,... ........ ....... 23
v . Ur-A liherul discount, will ba mude tit yearly
edvertisers. , . ., .
'. IJiTVOB VORK neatly and promptly executed.
Agents lor Hie JLuuuasieriiiizcfic..
MiUtrtportt B. Vance
JWw Satin.1 Dr. M . Brock
OrimJIM T; Waller MrFsr
In ml Thninti l.iillfOeld
fUkiriutan: A. Ilriiihl, Jr.
Pttaiant T. 'I'.l'. Anlilironk
.icjtnpn: uavifl jmiiing
Litktnlit: Lewis Hulwr
tul Rnakmllt; Dnvid Raker
W.RiuknMt; N. B.Uonl.ion
firemtjt. Itrarv AshKnuih
Canal Witehttttr: Dr. PolUtr
lcioMU Wm. P. 1 eniutnk
jtmiutdo: Nathna J. Worrsll
Xoyalton: J. Clement., Jr.
Amtmln 7. Wm. Ashhrook
Ctrrtll: William P. Rreck.
Batil: Henry leonsrd
jfui.n. Ti J. 1 1 nil. B. Black
men 11 Jnniw K. rrarr.
PtmTomn: Ll Friend
iuiuo 7 I. B Knonii
Qlcarcreek; Col.W. Hnuilltnn
ft-aittila.' P. R. Hnaerman.
Baliimtrt; H. L Nicely
'Somerttt; David llewllt
V. B. Pai.mih, Esq., General Afont for the Ennleni Chips
'. . I AT THE ,. . ,
FIRST DOOR EAST OF THE ;
TT1HE subscriber is now receiving a new and
J unprecedented supply of
FALL & WLNTKR GOODS,
in all the variety necessary to the publio wants,
which will be sold unutually low. Wholesale and
Retail, for Cash or County Produce, consisting in
part of SUPERFINE, MEDIUM aud COMMON
Cloths, Cassi lucres, Salincls,
Jeans, Houvy Tweeds; Rich Ribbed aud Heavy
Denver, Felts und Pilot Cloths, for Over Coats.
Also, a large supply of SILK VALENTIA and
8, 10. 11 & 12-4 Blankets; Flannels of all kinds
Comforts, Bleached and Brown Muslins
Fur and Common HATS and CAPS
Silk and Cotton Handkerchiefs
Silk, Gingham und Cotluu Umbrellas .
Gloves, Hosiery, Curpet Warp, long reeled Cot
ton. Yarn, &c. etc. . , .
Also.a large supply of superior warranted Calf.
Kip and Common BOOTS, LACES & BROGANS
. 3&3sa,83 mi mm
A few pieces choice 'Wool Curpeting, new and
' tine patterns; '"-
' . u .... - Cotton do . ;:. "
Tw ' Stnir Carpeting, and lot of superior
READY iti CLOTIIlftC,
.r ' a good supply, t modornte prices, v
Iu purchasing this superior Stock of Goods, tho
subscriber, has not forgotten to provide roost am
ply for the wnnU of
Among which may be enumerated iu the Silk,
Worsted and Cotton line, a large lot of the most
superior, plain, Satin striped and plaid and '
SILK WAIIPED ALPACAS,
Figured. Delude, Cameleon, Changeable aud Om
bray, do , . -
Vienun, Britania, Union Silk Plaid and Cash
mere De Com. for Dresses .
Gula, Juvenile and Rob Roy Plaids for Dresses
. and Clouks
Fancy, Blue and Scarlet Woollen Plaid Cloaking
4-4 and 6-4 wide ' .
An nnusnully large and splendid lot of -4 mid 4-4
. French, English. Scotch and Italian
. .Ail unusual large aud splendid lot of
CHINTZES. PRINTS & DELAINES,
stall prices, including Linens,' Lawns. Thread,
Cotton aud Silk Laces. Edgings and Inserting,
Silk Bullion, She.il Head and Mohair 1 ruigea -.
Jet and Silk Buttons, assorted . . ;
Cords. Tassels, Merino and other Hosiery
Swiss aud other Mudliu ' ' :
Worked and Tambored Chemezettsand Collars
White Goods ofn'l kinds, and a supply of Butter
fly and other Ilnir, Dress and Shell Side Combs
', ; Sliutvls:
The most beautiful 8-4 &. 10-4 Broche, Cashmere,
figured and printed Cnshmere, Net, Kmb'd
(.'nshmero. French plaid & striped worsted and
woollen Shavli, ever brought to this country
A large supply for Winter use,' including figured
and the most delicately wrought V,L vb l .
Alio, FLOWERS to wit. . ..
' '. i '" - ' Allocs:
A fine siionlv of Ladies and Misses Polkas. Lnccs
Buskins, Tics and Slippors; Ladies aud Misses
Rubber Buskins aud Over-Shoes ,'
Also, on bund, h full supply of GROCERIES,
consisting in part of
Tr, Cofleei, Wines, Liquors, Spices, io.
2nd Door East qftke "Swan Hotel,"
is also well stookeil with a great voriety of CHINA
.and a LAS SWA R E. including a supply of
Flo wing Blue: also, wilhwgeiieral assortment of
. The Stock of Goods referred to, was laid iu
Willi the greatest care, is most full and complete,
and will cover every demand- to all which tho
public attention is requested. .' . v-
, r Wanted. :
All kinds of Prtiduce, for whioh Cash or Goods
in exchange will be given.. , - . ' .
. . . . ' T. U. WUITE.
Lnucaster, October 29, 1847. , '. 25'-
When I! Wheat!! Wheat!!!
AtARGE QUANTITY OF WHEAT wanted
at the HZ W CA -IH STORE, 1st Door
East of the "S WAN HOTEL,? for which the
Cash will be paid on delivery,
T. U. WHITE. v
Lancaster. Ootober29. 1847. " " " 23 '
M'Ki(.Lit & rf uno.i E,
Fashionable .Tailors; i '
SHOP In Shmft'er's Building, one door East of
' the Tallmadge House. " ' .'
Laiicastcr, June 11, 1847. - ; ' 6
s JOHN BURBERRY, J
TTT TOULD respectfully inform the public, that
y j .ne nas removeu nioiii w r.o,.Di
Building, in the room, formerly occupied by J.
Work & Co., as a Shoe Shop, directly above G.
. Kauflman'i Drag Store, where he will still con
tinue to curry on the ' ' v ' , ,
in all iu various branches. " His work will be done
in the neatest and' most substantial manner and
at prices to sml the times ; y ... - i '.
Country Produce of all, kinds, taken in ex
change for work ,
Uucuster, April 23, 1847 ' ' tf50 .
, ii I'lieao Watches.
TJERSONS wishing to purchase- a Bood Gd or"
X Silver Watch, as cheap as uieycauviu me
Eastern cities; are invited to oxunnue uie exieu
sive, assortment tor sale oy
. . . , . - , v . - GATES & C08PER.
Talhnadgo House, Laucaster, June 18, 1847. :
V.,r.al at the Gazette oi Express Office
a NO. 31.
Tlie best Mechanical Paper in the World.
THE "SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN,"
Published at 128 Fulton St., New York, is admit
ted by all to be the best Mechanical '
' .. publication in the World.
T has attained a larger circulation than all the
other Mechuuical papers published in America,
combined, and iwsseases such facilities ibr obtain-
1 .1 1 . . . . ,! L. 1 1. , .
mg uie miesi liiieiugeuce on ocienuno suojecis
from all part of the world that uo. publication of
the kind can compete with it.
Each number contains from FIVE to SEVEN
ORIGINAL MECHANICAL ENGRAVINGS of
the most important inventions; a catalogue of
AMERICAN PATENTS, ns isu.d from tho Pa
lent Office eack week: tiolires of tho nrosress of
all new MECHANICAL and SCIENTIFIC in
ventions; instructions in Ilia vurious ARTS and
TRADES, with ENGRAVINGS; curious PHILO
SOPHICAL oud CHEMICAL experiments; the
lutest RAILROAD INTELLIGENCE in EU
ROPE and AMERICA: all the different ME
CHANICAL MOVEMENTS, published in a series
nod ILLUSTRATED with more thau A HUN
DRED ENGRAVINGS, &c. Sue.
It is published weekly in QUARTO FORM,
conveniently adupted to BINDING.and furnished
to Country Subscribers at the LOW THICK ot
TWO DOLLARS A YEAR ONE DOLLAR IN
ADVANCE, and the remainder iu Six Months.
Address, MUNN & CO Publishers,
POST PAID: - , New York.
Bound volumes of the Scientific American con
taining 4 IS pages of choice reading matter aud
uiusiruicu wiui more man onu engruvings oi new
inventions, for sole at the ollice. Price $2,75
Rew lork. December 3, 1347. ' ' 30 -
II ET riTTSBUIlGII
A ASSORTED, from 8 by 10 to 21 by 25.
Lancaster, August20, 1847.
Hli HIGHEST TRICE iu CASH will bo
giveu for FLAX-SEED by
Lancas'ter, " August 20, 1847. 15
3V, ST ttECEHEB
AND FOR RALE,
Q A KEGS PURE WHITE LEAD, and ,
OU 5 Barrels LINSEED OIL, by
(iKOKUK KAU r r M AiN.
Lancaster, Aug. 1( 847. 14
- rauiily iiMceiies.
O K. Bugs iTt-een mid Yellow KIO tOi r 1.L;
iO 3 Bags BLACK TEITER;
v YOUNG HYSON and IMrr.Kl Ai, ThAS, KC
f For sale by:. GEORGE KAUFFMAN.
.Lttiicuster, August 13, 1847 , .. 14
10 Barrel Tanner's Oil.
JUST received uud for sale by
Lancaster, August 13, 11147. ,
: l ALIi AT THE v
OLD DRUG STORE,
AND see a Iresh supply of DRUGS and ME
DICINES PAINTS and DYE STUFFS.
For sale low.' ' GEORGE KAUFFMAN.
Lancaster, August 13, 1847. , ( , , - 1.4.
10 Itarrels Water Lime.
BEST QUALITY, for sale by
Lancaster. August 13, 1847.
711. AX-SEED OIL-3QO.
clear Flux-Seed Oil, just received and for sale
by BURY & BECK.
Lancaster, jury a, iw.
A Greater qunntitv thtiri ever to be had nt
' GATES & COSPER'S.
.June 18, 1847.
W. 18. KAKIiV,
attorney at Law and Solicitor in Chancery.
OFFICE IN FOSTER'S BRICK BUILDING,
iu the Room recently occupied by Charles
Borland, Esq. Entrance, one door west of Kuufl'.
man's Drug Store, Maiu Street, Lancaster, Ohio.
May 14, 1847. - ' .- HI"
JOHN D. MARTIN,
R. P. EFFINGER,
JTI A It'll. & ErilAttEIS,
Attorneys and Counsellors ai Law.
OFFICE In Foster's Brick Building. -Laucaster,
Ohio, June 11, 1847. : 5
'I HAVE FOUND IT.' Eureka.
CONSUMPTION CAN BE CURED
BT VSIXO . ' " ' '
Dr, Duncans Expectorant Remedy.
. - Ci.icinati, O., March 3d 1847.
Dear Sir: This is to certify to the public, par
ticularly to ll'.oso uulH'lcd with a diseaso ol lue
Lungs, or Consumption, that in tho Spring of
1813 I was attacked with a severe cold, which
soon became seated upon my Lungs, showing all
the symptoms ot an approaching Consumption.
My cough was tight und troublesome, attended
with copious night swents; I spit up daily a con-
idcrable quantity ol blood mixed with tincK nam
mutter.' My situatiou become serious and ahirm-
112. .Durine this time 1 was attended by two of
our most skillful Physicians, they d id tho host they
could fur mo, when nt length, they gave up all
mprs of my recovery, informing me that nothing
more could be done that my' lungs were futnlly
diseased, and beyond, remedy, I was then per
suaded by a friend of mine to make a trial of DR.
DUNCAN'S EXl Kt, 1 UUAN t KK.YIKDY. which
my Physicians persisted nguiiist. savin" that this
medicine would do no good, uud would still add
more to my sull'ering.' I told thorn it was my lust
and mil) hope, und that if 1 must die of the dis
euse, (which was evident to me.) there would be
nntlung lost, cio i seui to me oinciunau voice,
uud obtuiued 5 bottles of this truly valuable medi-
i s. mi I ooinineuce.l using according to the di
rections, which instead of adding to my sulTering,
immediately gave me relief, nt once arresting the
troublesome Cough; easing the pain and tightness
in mv Chnsi: mvinp me a new life and strength.
which soon enabled me to be about again.. This
medicine continued its good work; which it so no
bly commenced, until I was made a sound man.
1 have since been attending , to my Dusiness, up
wards of 3 years) aud lee fas healthy us I wish.
I have recommended Dr. Duncan t Expectorant
Remedy iu many Instances to those similarly afflic
ted, and it has always proved successful so far as I
have witnessed its effects.! My sister is using this
medicine ut presont, for a Dtseated Liver uud bu
ArricTiON or the LuNos. which she had suffer
ed with for some time: she has nearly recovered
by the use nt this medicine,- und l am oonhdent
the 0 bottles thut I hike with me to-day will en-,
tirely cure her, I ara sorry to know that there
are thousands of valuable persona wasting away
with the dreadful destroyer CONSUMPTION.
Were it only possible lor those to procure this
medicine iu time, before it be too late, many lives
might be prolonged and their families and rela
tions iigaiu rendered huppy. This medicine will
give iiislaut relief at the same time arrest the hard
and painful Cough, remove the tightness iu the
Chest, give strength to ine euieeoieu uno emacia
ted frame, and iu most cases,.! uul certain, will
perforin a perfect cure. : ''
Anunr." J r bii r.u..-
'; Montgomery, Hamilton County, Oh'm.
N. B". Those whomny not be acquainted with
me I refer to the undersigned, citizens of Mont
gomery, Humiltou county, 0., they will at any
time substantiate the above statements. '' :r .
. ' Norman Browiiwll,...
; . CrT. J. Ssidrr. . .."
'is-n.. nni.n Western Office. ISO'
Sycamore St. where this valuablo Medicine an
nlivui Iia obtniriMl: Advice riven train. .. '..
For sale by Macccracken & Galbraith. Lancaster
Luiuostcr, November 19, 184 .
" From the ffem York Tribune.
' "The Gokm?I of To-day.'' .
' Such is the title of a fervid and heart
cheering Sermon by William Uenrv
Chanmno, al the Ordination of Rev. T.
W. Iligginaon in Newburyport, Mass.
It ought to be widely read in its com
pleteness, and if we take mom to give
any account oi it as a whole we shall
crowd out ihe extracts which .we tnvtt
have place for. We give them, therefore,-without
explanation or apology..
Mr. Clianning says; . v
"The Church announces herself to be
The Reform Society, uniting in one all
benevolent enterprises. . The Sunday
School makes the still streets of Sabbath
monings beautiful with its bright-eyed
troops of youthful pilgrims to the holy
land; the Bible distributer establishes the
precious volume in every house, and
ship, and steamboat j ' laden colpor
teurs toil over mountains and through
the unbroken solitudes of forest and
prairie, scattering seeds from the tree of
lile; and Far away, on sandy deserts and '
tangled jungles, on snowy widernesses
of the pole and coral islands of the trop
ics, the missionary plants his altar and
calls on men of all kindreds and nations
to worship with every rising sun, the Ono
and Universal Source of good. Most
cheering is the sight of this host without
number, marshalled beneath the white
banner of the Prince of Pence. . But
why does the missionary die of despair,
after yoars of fruitless effort to purify the
desolating abominations of idolatry) Is
it not because the very ship that bore
him and his. Bibles carried opium, and
rum, and muskets in its hold because
the very flag that waves over his mission
house drips with the blood of conquest,
and the very language in which he de
clares God's truth is symbols to simple
savage fraud .'And why is Christendom,
which pretends to sanctify the heathen
while sowing broadcast its own sins, thus
hypocritical' Is it not because each
Christian society, in place of being a holy
brotherhood, is a congregation of wordly
Ishmaelites, neighbors looking on neigh
bors, as they loll in the carpeted and cush
ioned pews of costly cathedrals, as rivals
n trade, in preferment, in fashion! 1 he
minister . at large bestows, his prodigal
sympathy upon the wretched, with an
aching consciousness that Ins bumble
friend is too cold and hungry and weary
and heart-broken to heed Ins spiritual
counsel; he' walks home amid blocks of
elegant mansions, where . are lapped in
elluminatinp- luxury the, clr.ldren ot the
wealthy whose charities ho dispenses;
and a. nightmare of perplexity siczes op
on him, at the thought of the hideous in
equalities everywhere tolerated, among
the fellow-disciples of the Master who
had not where to lay bis head. Ay!
Chistendom needs Christianizing at the
core. ' -
We pas abruptly to the concluding
paragraph. ' .
We have heard,we have declared,
not as we would, but as we could the
Gospel of to-day.
Its first word is, "All I abernacles ot
Christendom Converge to the pne End."
Its last word is, "The End is Perfect
And now, whatsaith the Spirit to the
Churches! " - :
From the unburied heaps of Ireland's
fam'isho children, from the crowds of
England's gaunt and sullen operatives,
from the Seething faubourgs and frown
ing battlements of Paris, from the dumb
almost despairing swarms of Germany,
from the flood of emigrants w hich wave
after wave overwhelms our seaboard,
from the blasted and lengihning slave
colTels of the South, from the ghostly
churnal pits of Mexico, does not" rise a
J voice of stern remonstrance, warning us
by thousand-fold forms of gratuitous mis
ery, that now, as ul'oretime, man stands
free between l'rovidonce and Pate, and
that, if through sluggishness, stupidity,
or self-will, we choose to close the pal
ace door which heaven widely opens, we
shall be left to wuiling and gnashing of
teeth in the outer darknessl
'But how, above all this din of grief
and care, sound sweetly out the welcome
intimations of duty, from the literature,
the poetry, the exultant expectation of
the poople, from the prayers and bene
dictions that wait upon Pope Pius, from
the triumphal hymns of the First of Aug
ust in the British West Indians, from
tho labor-saving process, the Mutual-Insurance
Companies, the co-operative so
cieties of all civilized lands, from the
movements of the Socialists, Communists,
Associationists, in England, Germany,
France America, assuring us that heav
en is Waiting to unfold the gloriesof God's
kingdom, if we are but willing!
The Spirit encourages all who will
hearken with words of ineffable promise.
To the Catnolicit says, "You have done
well to cherish tho symbol of Holy One
ness prepare to receive the sublime re
ality; the True Chiirch Universal is Man
kind united, the'earth round, in good will
and good works; the true . Head of the
Church is the wiest lover of the race?"
To the Protestant it says, ' You have done
well to develop every various mode of
elation between heaven and humanity;
but you must have learned thereby that
relifiriori is not a creed, but a life, even a
re-union in industry aim pleasure, in stuuy
and intercourse, as well as in piayer, of
the active, joy ful, loving children ot Uod,
To all it says, "tJome out irom tne snaa-
owv catacombs of traditionary opinions
and riles into the w&rm, bright day oi
the Divine presence Leave your ruin
ed Babels of conflicting interests, secta
riatiism', and party strifes, for earth's kind
ministries to covor with her verdant pail
and let the long-dispersed tribes labor
shoulder to shoulder in gathering cedars
of Lebanon, and told of Ophirand blocks
of white marble, for the City ot 1'eace.
Thus does the Spirit summon all min
isters of God, all earnest men and wo
men, everywhere, to " consecrate their
OHIO, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1817.
wakeful energies, cordially and uncom
promisingly, without fear or hesitation,
over prudence or dread of censure,-
with generous utterance of cheering words
and brave alacrity in co-operative deedw,
with s respect for man which tio failures
dishearten, and a trust in Providence that
cannot falter, with pure, wise, univer
sal devoted ness, to the service of this
Transition-Age. We are not alone.
Triumphant prophets, poets, and heroes,
the martyrs, legislators, and loving souls
of earlier days, a cloud of witnesses,
forever swelling, gaze down with al
ternating fear and hope, as we conspire
with them in working out tho salvation of
the race. Bright angels, refined and
purified on other globes, in bygone etern
ities, surround us with luminous spheres
of influence. And, by immediate agen
cies of our Hesvenly Father, agencies
constant and pervasive as atti action, pen
etrating but noiseless as sunlight, subtle
and invigorating as life, are we led on
ward, ever onward lo Oneness with
Man, with Nature, and with God,
Love In Mexico.
We take the following paragraph from
one of the New Orleans Picayune's Vera
Cruz letters of the 25th ult:
A friend of mine, a fine looking dash
ng officer of the army, stationed here.
resides on the same stoop with a superior
officer, in the second story of a house up
town; directly opposite there lives also
in tho second story a Mexican merchant
with a house full of protty daughters.
One of these young Indies who is not
more than sixteen and very beautiful
attracted the attention of the superior
officer; his heart took firo like tinder, and
he was soon able to convey by gestures
to tho fair creature the deplorable condi
tion of his suffering bosom. She seem
ed for a while to tako pity on him, and
sometimes returned tender tokens of re
cognition to his enthusiastic telegraphic
signs. lint alas for our li lend, the superior
officer; the attention of our other friend,
the dashing subalicrii.was one day direct
ed to the pretty senorita across the street
and from that day the unlucky supe
rior was doomed to pine in oilier disap
pointment. . P. very day he saw his rival
(who did not fail to crow'over him) es
tablishing himself mure firmly in the af
fections ofthe little belle kisses were
sent and returned by telegraph if the
lieutenant's hand fell heavily upon and
b same i
nressed liirhtlv thn left b.-flasi. Ma,l..m.
oiselle's little hand did the same upon
tier plum bosom. It was hitter lor the
gallant superior who had fought so many
battles under both Mars and Venus, to
be thus superseded, but there appeared
to he no help and he strove to bear it like
a philosopher. One morning our young
lieutenant was observed by his ranking
friend to be gazing intently across the
street, and to show evident signs of im
patience; his hand was raised to shade
his eyes, and he was looking into an open
door which exposed a long dark interior
gallery. "Something serious is going on''
thought the unlucky rival, "and I II see
what it is," and he took his position be
hind his young friend. "Yes," exclaim
ed the latter, in a voice of. anger to him
self, "it is that infernal puppy, and it isn't
anybody else the scoundrel! I'll im-
nnla A...I el, A n lit-nAn-i,iaI
devil who'd have thouoht ill" " "Ha.
ha, hal" shouted his friend in his ear.-
The fact K the lively set.orita was dis- l ingress, committees or both
covered receiving and reciprocating tho! 1,ouaes hud been got together (on tho
warm, affectionate caresses of a very Sabbath) and measures prepared in con -
nicely dressed individual who made his !tc,t w'ln the Executive, which the next
living by shaving the officers! Stiscept- j day. oil receiving the President's Mes-
ililn vni.no- ironiUwnen from the Siatos aj;e of form, without waitinc to have the
should ln evtrpmplv i-nrpful how tlnv full
. . . . . ' . .
iii love and contemplate matrimony with
the brioht eved senoiitns
Tub Juror and the JuiiOE. Tlio N. was by the stirring news from tho Rio ! of that admirable tract from the pen of
Y. Tribune relates the following of a J it-. Grande, did the ruling party in the House Uhe venerable, patriotic, and learned Ai.
rymiin, who resorted to various expedi- j venture to propose the false and obnox- fncnT Gallatin, in relation to the Mexi-
entstoget excused from serving upon tho
Jury of ihe Circuit Court. ' J"udge Gray
called him up in open Court and thus ad
dressed him:- . " ' " . ' '
"Yoti have several times yesterday and
tn-dny asked the Court to excuse you
from serving on the jury, and have as of
ten rendered a diflerent excuse. I have
finally concluded to comply with your re
quest but not on nnyol tho grounds you
have stated.' You hi st said you were sick,
which I was satisfied was untrue. You
next said you were considerably deaf,
but yOu heard my first whisper which ap
peared lo luvor your application, and 1
know that that excuse was falso. On tho
next application you said your wife was
sickj of that I cannot consent to inquire
of here. - Now, I shall excuse you from
any turiher attendance here, not on any
grounds assigned by you, but from" reas
ons of my own. A man who will so dis
honor himself, and violate all the obligations-
he owes to society, is unfit to be
entrusted with the decision of disputed
rights between his fellow-citizens; and I
dismiss you as utterly unworthy of a seat
with your tellowjurors.
An explanation was attempted, out tne
Judge orderod him to leave jhe court
forthwith. ' -..
KIt will be recollected that for some
time past, statements have appeared in
. .' ., . T! 1 TT..I
the puoiic papers mat iisnop .ugnes
was about to be sent to Mexico as an en
voy extraordinary, or a commissioner to
solicit or arrange a peace. In' conse-
nuence of the rumors, Bishop Hughes yes-
. -. .. .. I-,
tefday arrived in this city, ami to-uay naci
a conference with the Secretary of State
He told Mr. Buchanan that in no event
would he act in the capacity designated.
The Bishop had reason to. believe that
tho Administration seriously1 thought of
offering tohimthe mission. Watlitngton
Correspondence oj Ihe jiiarleiton vws.
Mammon and' Mortality. The Edi
tor of the Christian Index-thus prefaces
an obituary. "But a week since we re
corded the death of an old father in the
church, who was a careful reader of the
Index, arid who paid for iAre papers in
advance. -; ' , . "
The italics are not ours.
From tht National Intelligencer.
' The Proldenl's AlesMigr.
Severn) days have now elapsed since
our readers in this cily, and generally
elsewhere, were put in possession of the
Annual Message of the President of the
United I states to both Houses of Con
gress, until to-day we have forebornc
to comment UDon it. from in iniaff.-rtrul
desire uot to interfere with thir free di-
gesiionof its contents. That optxirtuni-
ly having been fairly afforded, we now (''" "", ""qwror, coxjuert all the rest
proceed to stale with nlainii. Lot w )d"e of that unhappy Republic, in - the
hope without offence to any well-di.-ipos-
ed reader, our views upon its leading
lopics: and, first, because it is first in the
Message, and uppermost in every man's
mind, upon so much of the document as
relates to ' '
The M ar wiili Mexico. .
When, on the 15ih day of May of last
year, the passage of ihe Act of Congress,
recognising the existence of War with
Mexico, was announced to the readers
of the NationaMntoIligencer, it was ac
companied by the expression of a belief
that by the largest portion of its readers
the information would be received wild
nlarm nfnrrn itmilv Avritnd lw fb uit
fulness mid recklessness with which the
Nation had been plunced into a foreign
war. which, as the People Were in no liieiriin mio Ihe vitals or our adver
panicular prepared for. they were in no !M7' "J yel f'"'r waste of the blood
way forewarned of. For ourselves, we ad treasure of bis own couniry.
were not takn uhollv l.v ..irnrhu, l.v Before he take captive our senses by
il.ntiow. I.l, .f..m...i.;.. ,.r .1.1
- - - niu nigtvoiiiuiioiiiw ii lut,
Executive, whatever confidence we were '.
disposed toph.ee had been shaken by the ,
almost daily demonstrations by its official
Executive, whatever confidence we were :
orcati during the first year of its exis-
tance. We had watched its successive JU8"nes lllf. rcer of rrue ly and con
developments, gradually disclosing a set- :1ue8t wlsich h has o ready embarked
tied purpose to make war upon Mexico, '' couniry. e are glad that ihe Pres
in the event of not succeeding in inlimi-, ,de"1 ,,8S' !"s Mrsi-age prefaced his
dating her into a promptsubmission to the recommendation as to the future with a
demands which the President intended """ "talement of ihe causes of
to make upon her. That organ (the gov ?.' heretofore alleged by him as
eminent paper) was hardly a week old 'e'ng of prior date to ihe xvar, together
before its readers were transported, iu !'" ''"derstamhiig of how the war
imagination, to the "Halls of Montezu- A ,,"?,f PgP includes the
ma." which were to he occupied bv the wl'.",e ?lorJ! 8,,d' tts w? .PPose
United States as the crowniU act of "a ara,".e ,.u lw.'11' "me l"ticubi ny, we here
second conquest of Mexipo." .The toe-ireI , ll: '
sin being sounded, volunteer were to j "It is sufficient on the present occa
flock from the West to the scene of ac- siontosay, that the wanton violation of
tiou.and tocarry every thing before them. jl',e. riS,lts f person and property of our
The government paper taught us, also, .citizens committed by Mexico.hei repeat
how the wor was to bo broueht on by !"d acts of bad faith through a long ser-
which this connnest was to be effected.
U' foresaw. by many months, the march
01 our ai my irom uorpusutiristi i where
as every one knows, Mexico never in-
tended to disturb it) to Ihe Rio Grande;
foresaw that the Mexicans might cross
the . Rio Grande, and that, if they did,
blood would be shed," and "war must
I ensue. When, therefore, the ored c-
tion was realized when the catastrophe j uo,e fr years to assert our clear rights
arrived, howeveritshocked.it can hardly i''y r,rte. Bld continued to seek redress
be said to have turprhed us. Of the fa- j fur tbe wrongs we had suffered by amic
cility and precipitancy with which the able negotiation, iu the hope that Mexi
purposes of the Executive came to be co mig,,t yied " pacific counsels and ihe
sustained bv ihe Lepialative nuthoiilv. ' demands of justice. In this hope we
wa cannot sav thn sum. W unrn l.oih
surprised and alarmed to find how easily. ' peace et to Mexico was insultingly re
on the impulse of the moment, blindfold jecled. The Mexican Government re
aud paerred. Conoress could bo drivn ta fued even tohearthe adjustment which
lend its countenance to those purposes. ,,e was authorized to propose; and finol
Blindfold andcagoed, we repeat. Nor i1?- under wholly unjustifiable pretexts,
is the expression too stronc; for. Lrfure
! the news of the dangerous position f
Army was communicated by the Ex -
' papers accompunvii.tr it. read over, for
.i - c i- . i i- i
1110 iniormauou oi memoers, were uirceu
i through the House of Representatives.
lur, even to a ooiiy excited as tlie Mouse
inus Preamble of the Bill until after all
deliberations and debate had been pre-
eluded on a question as momentous cer- ; ers. To his authority upon any question
tainly as ever camo before Congress- j of public law or national obligation,' we.
Had there been nothing else alarming in ,at least, who have known him from the
this Declaration of War with Mexico, j days of public services in II he Public
the despotism thus exercised over the j Councils, first as a leader of the Repub
minority of the Representative body, re- lican party in Congress; next as a Mem-
peated on the following day in the Sena-
loriul body, (theretofore exempt from
such sharp practice,) was of itself sufli
cient to appal the hearts of those accus
tomed, as we have been, to regard the
rights of minorities as uot less sacred than
those of Majorities, and, among them,
the right of proposing amendments to or
remonstrating against any proposition
coining before them. . The minority in
each House was thus subjected by a
most arbitrary and malignant exercise of
party power, without being , ullowed a
moment for deliberation, to the alterna
tive of voting for a bill with a preamble,
the falsehood of which theysaw and detes
ted, or of refusing to vote for enactments
supplies of men and money) to which,
all lavish as they were, there would, per
haps, but for the Preamble, not have been
a dissentient voice. '
Whatever alarm we and our readers
felt at this beginning, has certainly been
fully justified by the progress of events.
Ji veil that precipitation in the action of
Congress that Preamble, affirming two
distinct falsehoods that tyranny by which
a vote was extorted from tho two Houses
have been continually appealed to by the
bxecutive organs as evidence of the u-
nanimity of the national will iu approba
tion of the war. In the Mussago before
us, that appeal is repeated, accompanied
with a statement, in terms; that :he dec
laration that "the War exists by the net
of Mexico" was passed "with crent u-
nanimity" in Congress; though it must be
known to the executive that but a small
majority in either House of Congress ap
proved that declaration, many members
declaring their repugnance to it, some
their utter abhorrence of it. Votes ta
en in both Houses of Congress at the
second session of tbe same Congress
plainly established this fact, had there
before been any reason to doubt it. ' The
popular elections which have intervened
ceiiaiuly lrv no excuse for a doubt up
on any man's mind that a majority of the
People of Ihe United States are againtl
I his war, and ils authors. -r
Instead of relinquishing, in deference lo
the popular will, thusrleurly expressed,
any part of his original scheme of con
quering aud annexing a considerable por
tion of ihe territory of Mexico, the Pres
ident conies to Congress and demands its
concurrence in a plan fur colonizing and
annexing one-half of Mexico, with a re
"nmen.lalion to continue the" war until
cu iii in nor not willingly severinc
her body her most -valuable provinces.
Instead of advising a Peaco, which this
Government might have at any day on
terms of honor, he informs Congress, in
a sanguinary strain, and almost in the di
alect ofthe shambles, that lie is persuad
ed "that the best means of vindicating
'tie national honor and interest, and of
'bringing the war to an honor ah) e close,
'will be to prosecute it with increased en-
'ergy and power in Tne titai, rsR-rs of
'the enemy i country! . He knows that
he and his war stand condemned by his
own countrymen.- He cannot,- if he
would, mistake the sentiment of the Peo-
I"6' nna 'el ne craTe" more conquest,
imora u.tc"fry: demands a deeper
the seductive iii ileinents, in which his
. . . .
1 "Sc """"" "' 1 V "cr '
"! tifA nmI"tlon a,l' uculal ac
V"'". I' slop for a moment t
N '"s. to a yet wider course
?'Heripon what grounds he places and
years, and her disregard of sol-
,emn treaties stipulating for indemnity to
"UI '"ju,c" -inciis, nvi waj iMimiicu
amp.e cause oi war on our pan, out were
of such an aggravated character as would
have justified ns before the whole worlj
in resorting to this extreme remedy.
W'th an anxious desire to avoid a rupt-
"re Dei ween me two courimrs, we ior-
I were disappointed. Our ministers of
involved the two countries its war, by
-invading the territory of the State of
1 . nS ' hist blow, and shed-
, "" u,uou ' ""ru" "" UUI ""
( In undertaking again to review these
' averments by the Executive, now that
they are again offered in his justification,
' and in support of that war adintcrneri-
onem against Mexico which he recom -
' i . ry .11
menus to congress, wo om u are
! that no force can be added to the reason-
ing, nor any sirengin to me conclusions
can war, which we have lately lind the
satisfaction of spreadins before our read
j berof the Cabinet of President Jeffer
, so during all of his Administration, and
of that of Mr. Madison until he was call
ed to represent his country abroad as the
associate of Adams, Clay, and Bayard
in the great negotiation which ended in
the Peace of Ghent we, whose first es
says in our present vocation may be said
to have been guided by his hand and by
that of his honored friend and official su
perior Mr. Madison, are bound by eveiy
sentiment of respect and gratitude to
pay a deference so proloiiiid,thatil would
he with the greatest distrust of our own
judgment we should entertain any o-
pinion on a public question materially
different from bis.' Happy and "proud
are we to find, thut, on the subject of
ihe causes and the character of this war,
his views are in full accord with those
which we have found it our duty from
time to time . to present our readers.
Most foriunale for our country do we
consider it, lhat he has been willing and
able locoine forward iu the present emer
gency, to instruct and counsel his lellow
citizens. However earnestly and hon
estly the Press may have done its duty;
however ably and fearlessly distinguished
Statesmen of tho present day may have
exposed uud denounced the new career
upon which our country has entered
as the sole disturber of the peace of
the world; : however bright and high
the statesmanship which the great Patri
ot of the West has so recently brought
to bear upon this great question, the Ad
dress of Mr. Gallatin has shown it was
yet possible for a wise and able man to
add to tho force of even our own convio-
tions, however decided on the subject.
Most fortunate, we repeat, do we con
aider this opportune contribution to the
common stock of knowledge ot our stan
ding in the foremost rank of intellectual
greatness, and yet apart from the passions
of the day and above them one wno,
WHOLE' NO. 1102.
ter a most distinguished career of n.ii.lia
service, left popularity and reputation
unexhausted, and quitted high trusts
whilst they yet courted his ircentance:
one of the most foremost men, iu aworj,
oi that illustrious era of our statesman
ship which now has hardly t survivor; one
therefore, almost in the last extremity of
go, ana yet so fortunate as to have pre
served, equally nmlimmed. its abilities
and ils honors. To ihe authoritv of such
a name as that or Albert Gai.latik, his
recent Address add-t-tiength of reason
ing which nothing in the present day can
meet, and that luminous command of all
the great principles of Public and of Na
tional Law, in which he had scarcely an
equal in Ins own times, and has now no
superior. The trusted coadjutor and it
may even, in Finance and in Diplomacy,
he said to have been the instructor of
J Epperson, of Madison, and of Monroe,
we have here, as one rising from the
dead, a voice, passionless as it is wise
am! solemn, the judgment of an antique
and genuine sage of Republicanism yea,
of Democracy noon the entire nujuion
of this Presidential War. -Armed
and fortified with such a docu
ment, it is with unwonted confidence thai
we proceed once more to expose those
hollow pretences and insincere profess
ions of the authors and apologists for the
War with Mexico, whirh have been con
troverted heretofore with no other appa
rent effect than to induce a more pertina
cious repetition of them. '
Referring to this last annual communi
cation to Congress for particulars of his
bill of arraignment, the President agairt
recites alleged wrongs byMexico.through
a long series oi years." c. as bewj
such as not only to constitute smple cause
of war, but as would have justified the
United States before the whole world in
tesorting to this extreme remedy. This
every one, at all acquainted with his-
lery, knows to lie cross exaggeration.
The long existnnce of claims for wrongs
now alleged to have been so enormous
is of itself proof ofthe fact that they were
not at any time deemed by Congress lo
constitute a sufficient causeof war. Most
of them had besides been actually adjus
ted by a treaty between the two conn
tries, which was in the course of faithful
execution by Mexico when the hostile de-,
monst ration of Our Administration sus-"
pended the payment of stipulated indem
nities. As to what remained of unad
justed claims, there was nothing, until
the occurrence of this war, lo prevent
their peuceable and even satisfactory ad
justment. As to the refusal by Mexico
lo receive our Minister being, as the
President intimates, a sufficient cause of
war, it is a sufficient answer to the Presi
dent that the army was ordered to march
to the Rio Grande (where, according to
the programme of the government paper,
the tear sra to begin ) two months before '
our Minister was finally refused to be re
ceived by the Government of Mexico.
But let it be admitted, for the sake of
argument, and for that sake only, that.
according to the customs and laws of na
tions iu less civilized, less moral and less
enlightened ages than tbe present, we
really had cause of war with Mexico, so
far as war between two Christian Na
tions is ever just or necessary: yet war
with Mexico, distracted, weakened and
impoverished as she bad long been and
then was, with intestine factious and di
visions, was neither necessary, magnani
mous, nor honorable on our part. Such
a war, even for just objects, being un
necessary the only inevitable effect in
deed upon the claims for which it would
be waged being to fasten them upon our
iown Treasury instead of the Mexican
I t I 1 .L l f .L
wium never rcuuuuu m me j.ioij u io
country, and much less compensate for
jinc rivers oi uioou uuu neaps oi treasure
wbicli have been already wasted in tins
But, to pass all this by, whether the
existing war be just or unjust, necessary
or unnecessary, is not the question now
at issue between the President and the
People. Was this war the act of the
Sovereign People of the United States,,
declared in their name, in the manner
known or acknowledged by the Constitu
tion by the Senate and House of Rep
resentatives in Congress, to whom alone
it belongs to determine whether War, at
any time or under any circumstances, be
just and necessary! Oi was it, whether
a crime or a mistake, the unauthorized
act ofthe President, to whom the Consti
tution has denied all power over the ques
tion of Wart Thit the true quesiion;nor
can all ihe wire-drawn sophistry and spe
.,i ,.1 , ....
ci a i pieaumgoi tne rresident s oiessBgo
of last year, referred to in that which is
now before us; deceive a single individ
ual, be he Whig or be he Damocrat, of
common sense or common information,,
against ihe well-known and well-authenticated
facts in the case. Need we add,
that whoever the President be, who, tram
pling down the barriers which the Con
stitution has erected for the protection of
the general welfare, and for the security
of the life, liberty, and property of the
citizen, of his own mere will and pleasure
plunges the country into a War, with or
without cause that man is a Despot!.
The Nation thut quietly folds its arms -
and permits this to be done with impuni
ty, may delude itself with the. fancy that '
it lives under a written Lsw and Consti
tution, but it is an idle dream. That
N'ation is a Nation of slaves, and lives
under a Despotism.
To proceed, however.to the main point.
upon the re-assertion of which alone the
President relies to justify himself before
his own fellow-citizens for his agency in
this War, viz. that the Mexican Govern
ment "finally, under wholly , unjusiina-
'ble pretexts, involved the two countries
in war, by invading the territory of Tex
'as, striking the first blow and shedding
'the blood of our citizens on American
'soil." Not one word of thitti true. We
regret the necessity, but the President
imposes upon us the obligation, of renew
ing the demonstration of the utter falsity
of the whole of it. Mexico did not in
volve the two countries in war: Mexico
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