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NEW SERIES VOL. 2. NO. 35.
LANCASTER, OHIO, FRIDAY, JANUARY 7, 1818.
"WHOLE NO. 1163.
PUBLISHED KVERY FRIDAY MORNING BY
JO UN If. AY IMG II T.
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opposite J. & J. C. Maccrtickeu's Store.
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IA liheiiil discount will be iniide to yearly
advertisers. ' -
HTJOB WORK neatly nhd promptly oxeculed.
Agents for the LuiieiiHlerCinzcltc.
MHlemport: B. Vance ' . Oreerfield T; Walter McFar
JWw Salnv Dr. M t). Brocki lairil Tlininns l.llllcflcld
Plckeringion: A RrijIU.Jr iPleusant T- T.I' Aslihrnnk
Jcfrso: Daviil JuininR F.ati Huthville; Dnvirt Rsker
Litkopolu: U-wii Hubtr W.KAttle,- N. B. Omilnon
Canal Winehetttr: Or. I'oltfr Brent Wnty Ashlmiigh
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JUttrliean T: I. E KnontK
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ft-anoiHa: P. H Hncerman
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1? UliSU U ttttll Ii
FIRST DOOR EAST OF THE
fTMHE subscriber is now receiving a now and
JL unprecedented supply ot
The best Mechanical Paper In the World.
THE "SCIENTIFIC- AMERICAN,"
Published at 128 Fulton St., New York, is admit
ted by ull to be the bent Mechanical
publicutiou ill the World. .
IT ho attained a larger circulation limn all the
other Mechauicnl papers published in America,
combined, and possesses such fncililies tor obtain.
Ing the latest intelligence on Scientific subjects
from oil part of the world that uo publication of
the kind can compete with it.
Ench uumbercontaii'j from FIVE to SEVEN
ORIGINAL MECHANICAL ENGRAVINGS of
the must important inventions: a cataloe of
AMERICAN PATENTS, as issued from the I'a
tent Ollice enck week: notices of the progress of
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volitions; instructions in the various ARTS and
TRADES, with ENGRAVINGS; curious PHILO
SOPHICAL and CHEMICAL experiments; the
latest RAILROAD INTELLIGENCE in EU
ROPE nud AMERICA; nil the different ME
CHANICAL MOVEMENTS, published in a series
and ILLUSTRATED with more than A HUN
DRED ENGRAVINGS, &c. &c.
It is published weekly in QUARTO FORM,
conveniently adupted tn BINDING.and furnished
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TWO DOLLARS A YEAR-ONE DOLLAR IN
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Address, MUNN &, CO Publishers,'
POST PAID. New York.
Bound volumes of the Scientific American con
taining 4 16 pages of choice reading matter and
Ml.... t ' .1 , P-
uiusM uieu wiiu more man auu eiipruvnips oi now
inventions, fur nule at the office. Trice $2,75
New York. December 3, 1317. 30
FALL & WINTKIt GOODS,
in all the variety necessary to the public want,
which will be sold unusually low. Wholesale and
Retail, for Cash or County Produce, consisting in
part of SUPERFINE, MEDIUM and COMMON
Cloth Cassi lucres, Salinels,
.leans. Heavy Tweeds; Rich Ribbed and Heavy
Beaver, Felts and Pilot Cloths, Cor Over Coats.
Also, a large supply of SILK VALENTIA and
8, 10. 11 & 12-4 Blaukets; Flannels of ull kinds
Comforts, Bloached and Brown Muslins
' Fur and Common HATS and CAPS
Silk and Cottou Handkerchiefs
.Silk, Gingham and Cotton Uiuhrellus
Gloves, Hosiery, Carpet Warp, long reeled Cot
ton. Yum, &c. &c.
Also.a lurge supply of superior warranted Calf.
Kip and Common BOOTS.LACES & BROGAN8
A Tew pieces choice Wool Carpeting, new and
.. . fine patterns;
' " , " Colton do "
" " Slair Carpotiug, and lot of superior
READY MADE CLOTHING,
a good supply, at moderate prices.
In purchasing this superior Stock of Goods, the
subscriber has not forgotten to provide must am
ply Tor the wants of
- -UlsIlS LID 2 12 Sw.
- Among which may be enumerated in the Silk,
Worsted and Cottou line, a large lot of the most
superior, plum, Satm striped and plaid and
- SILK WARPED ALPACAS,
Figured. DelUle, Cameleon, Changeable and Oiu
Vienna, Britania, Union Silk Plaids and Cash
mere De Corsa. lor Dresses
Quia, Juvenile and Rob Roy Plaids for Dresses
Fancy, Blue and Scarlet Woollen Plaid Cloakiugs
4-4 and 6-4 wide
An unusually large and spleudid lot of 0-1 and 4-4
French, English. Scotch and Italian
An unusual large and splendid lot of .
CHINTZES. PRINTS & DELAINES
at all prices, including Linens, Lawns. Thread.
1 o:.i. r r.vl. ' .,...4 TnA..:..nn
luuoil aiiuontt Laicea. cuuiiib uiiu Aiisoitiugs
Silk Bullion, Sheaf Head aud Mubair Fringes
Jet and Silk Buttons, ussorted
Cords, Tassels, Merino and other Hosiery"
. GLOVES. Liueu and Silk Handkerchiefs .
Swiss and other Musliu
Worked and Tumhnred Chemezetts and Collars
White Goods of all kinds, and a supply of Butter
. fly aud other Huir.Dress and Shell Side Combs
The most beautiful 8-4 & 10-4 Brnche, Cashmere,
figured aud printed Cashmere, Net, Emb'd
Cashmere. French pluid & striped worsted and
woollen Shawls, ever brought to this country
A large supply for Winter use, including figured
and the most delicately wrought VEl VE T.
Also, FLOWERS to suit.
A line supply of Ladies and Misses Polkas, Laces.
Buskius, Ties and Slippers; Ladiea aud Misses
Rubber Buskins and Over-Shoea
Also, on hand, a lull supply of GROCERIES,
consisting in part of
Teas, Coffees, Wines, Liquors, Spices, &c.
2nd Door East of the "Swan Hotel,''
is also well stocked with a great variety of CHINA
and OL A SS-WA R E. including a supply of
Flowing Blue; also, with a general assortment of
The Stock of Goods referred to, was laid in
with the greatest care, is most full ond complete,
end will cover overy demunil to all which the
public uttention is requested.
All kinds of Produce, for which Cah or Goods
in exchange will be giveu.
T. U. WHITE.
. Lancaster, October 29. 1847. 25
Wheal! Wheat!! Wheal!!!
A LARGE QUANTITY OF WHEAT wanted
J at the HE W CAH STORE, 1st Door
East of the "SWAN HOTEL," for which the
Cash will be paid on delivery.
T. V. WHITE.
Lancaster. October SO. 1847. 25
A ASSORTED, from 8 by 10 to 21 by 251 for
sale by GEORGE KAUFFMAN.
Lancaster, August 20, 1817. 15
HE HIGHEST PRICE in CASH will be
given for FLAX-SEED by
tihUKUE KAUf r MAIN.
Lancaster, August 20, 1847. J5
JUST U E C WW Vi 1)
AND Fllll 8AI.E,
KEGS PURE WHITE LEAD, aud
5 Barrels LINSEED OIL, by
. ;. GEORGE KAUFFMAN.
Lancaster, Aug. 13 1817. .14
O K. B"?8 firee" Yelluw RIO COr r EE;
tJ 3 lings BLACK PEPPER;
YOUNG HYSON and IMPfiKI Ab ThAS. tec.
Forsuleby - GEORGE KAUFFMAN.
Lancaster, August 13, 1817 14
10 llarrcls Tanner's Oil.
J UST received and for sale by
Lancaster, August 13, 1847. 14
CALL AT THE
OLD DRUG STORE,
AND see n fresh supply of DRUGS and ME
DICINES PAINTS and DYE STUFFS, ;
For sale low. GEORGE KAUFFMAN.
Lancaster, August 13, 1847. .14
10 Barrels Water Lime.
BEST QUALITY, for sale by
, . GEORGE KAUFFMAN. '.
- Lancaster, August 13, 1847. 34
FA":mr ,IOU8e a,,d rie
Harboring Slave. .
Tbo Constitutiorihl nrivilcsoA nfSlave-
"Coiuinon IIiiiii;uiity.M I holders, to pursue their ruiiuwiiy aluves
The name of the Irish drayman who I into the fiee States end there to recap
got in the water waist-deep, and loaded ture them, and the duties of citizens of
lus dray with a poor woman g etlects, j the free (states in such enscs, are very
wnne another dray man was charging her
more money than she had in the world
for the service, is Charles McKean.
Charley's answer should be remembered.
When asked his price by the unfortunate
woman, "Not a cent, madam!" said he:
"it's a suffering time, and I'm doing only
an act of common humanity." But Char
ley's "common humanity" didn't stop
lioro. He also took from his pocket all
the change he had about him, aud bestow-
od it upon the woman, with his blessing.
We , are, in addition, told by Messrs.
Clark & Booth, at whose store he has his
stand, that Charley h9 steadily refused
to take more limn ordinary wages, since
the beginning of the distress consequent
upon the flood.. A good thing would it
bo, were there more such "common hu
manity" in the world. . . -
The Enquirer mentions that Moses
Parmele, formerly a day watchman gave
the gratuitous use of all his drays, for
the removal of the goods of the suffer
ers. Such an act will be appreciated in
The Queen City states that a carman
named C. Rowe, a man of limited means,
was driven from his house by the waters,
but no sooner did he get his property in
a safe place than he set to work with per
severance and energy, in removing the
property of others. lie worked three
days incessantly, and assisted a multi
tude of fumilies, who were flying from
the encroaching waters, yet in not a sin
gle instance did h? charge, or would he
tuke one cent for his services.
From one-third to one-half of the town
of Newport is supposed to have been
under wator. There is a great deal of
Buffering there. . It is stated that when
tho houses of the poor were first encroach
ed, upon, (Jen. James Taylor. sent his men
and teams with provisions and wood, to
relieve whomsoever they might find dis
tressed. There has been a sprinkling of "com
mon humanity" in other regions also.
Some of it is mentioned in the following
paragraph, which we copy from the Atlas
"At Aurora, seeing the distress and
prospective want of provisions, a certain
man wished to buy up, for purposes of
speculation, several hundred barrels of
flour, in the mil! of Messrs. T. & J. W.
Guff. He offered $5 per Lrl. Messrs. G.
would not touch it; hut turning to their
Clerk, ordered him to give a barrel to any
man who needed it. And in this way doz
ens of barrels were given to the necessi
tous without charge. At Lawrcnceburg
William E. Craft, Esq. caused it to be
proclaimed to the houseless and needy,
BURY & BECK.
Lancaster, July 9, 1847. .
A Greater quantity than ever to be had at
GATES Si COSPER'S.
June 18, 1847.
W. IS. RANKIN,
attorney at taw and Solicitor in Chancery.
OFFICE IN FOSTER'S BRICK BUILDING,
in tho Room recently occupied by Charles
Borland, Esq. Entrance, one door west ot Knuu
maii's Dm;: Store, Main Street, Luucasler, Ohio.
Muy 14, 1847. Uf
JOHN D. MARTIN, K. P. EFF1NGER,
SPRINGER & FINK BON 12,
SHOP In BlireBer's Building, one door East of
the Tallmadge House..
Lancaster, June 11, 1847. 5,
JOHN BURBERRY, '
"TTTQULD respectfully inform the public, that
' f f lie has removed nis Sliop to nosier s tsncn
Building, in the room tormerly occupied by J,
Work & Co., as a Shoe Shop, directly above G.
Kauffmuii's Drug Store, where he will still con.
tinue to cany on the
in all its various branches.. His work will be done
in the neatest aud most substantial manner and
at prices to suit the times , ,.-v
CounU-y Produce of ull kiuds, taken in ex
change lor work ....!
Lancuster, April 23, 1847 ; tfiiO
, Cheap Watches.
PERSONS wishing to purchase a good Gold or
Silver Watch, as cheap as they can iu the
Easteru cities; are Invited to examine tne exieu
sive assortment for sale by
GATES & COSPER.
Tallmadge House, Lancaster, June 18, 1847.
' Blank Summons v
For sale at the Gazette it Express Offica
here are flour and meat come and take
what you need." And his Clerks dealt
them out as they came. Lewis & Eiche!-
berger caused tho same tiling Id be made
known concerning their mill, and gave
away to the destitute and unfortunate,
more than 100 barrels. Messrs. 13arr &
Febiger had a number of their hogs
slaughtered, cut up, and given to all who
needed or wished.'' Cm. Gazette.
MARTIN & EFlTNtilER,
.ttorncys and Counsellors ai Law.
OFFICE Iu Foster's Brick Building.
Lancaster, Ohio, June 11,1847. 5
Land lor . Sale.
N pursuance of the conditions and provisions of
J a deed of trust executed by John Williams aud
Isabella bis wile, aud Johnatliau Coulson and
James MC leery, the said James MCleery will ex
pose to sale by public vendue, at the Court ilonso
door, in the towu of Lancaster, Fairfield comity
Ohio, on '
Saturday, the Nth day of January, 1818.
between the hours of 10 o'clock A. M. and 4 o'
clock P. M. of said day the following described
... i i I .,; :.. n.... i 'p :..
liniui i.uiu, .Hums ill uili iiuniu luwuoiiip ill
im county, bounded by beginning at u stone in
held north oi the brick school house occupied
by said Joliu Williams thenco south onedearee
ami ten minutes west two chains nud eighty-lour
links to. a slouo in the south boundary ot hection
No. 21: Township No. IE: Range No. li): thence
east along said south boundury seven chains 33
links to a sloue in said buuuilury: thence north
one degree aud ten minutes east two clinius and
lily four links to a stone; thence west seven
chains 33 links to the beginning, containing two
acres and thirteen poles more or less, with all im
provements thereon including the large frame
dwelling aud the east part of the brick school
house occupied by said Wilhuuis. Terms otsale
one third part of the purchase money to be paid
iu hand, one third m six and one tiuru iu twelve
mouths after the day of sale with interest.
JAMKS M CLfcEKY.
December 10. 1847. 3ltB.
State of iiio,-.ifa(vficUj (Eouutij.
Court of Common PleatPetition for Partition
Maria Heimbergcr , Duuiel Dumbachaud Cath
erine his Wile, Margaret Shuhman, Bottne
nd Susannah his Wile, all ol Fairfield county.
Ohio, aud Lawrence Sbuliinun.Jacnb Shuhman,
Gertrade Shuhinan.aud Michael Wolf aud Bur
bura hia Wife, of Germany. "
t HE above named Delendants will take no
tice, that a petition was filed onanist them
on tho lllh day of September, A.fD. 1847, in the
Clerk s Ultice ot the Court ot Common Pleas tor
snid county. and is now pending, wherein the pe
titioner demunds partition of, and the assignment
ol dower in, to tho said Margaret Shuhman, of the
lollowuig described property oi which tbo said
Henry Shnhinun died seized and possessed.to-wit:
In-Lot number one, (1) in the Town of Basil.and
sixteen tent off the North side of Iu-Lat number
two, (2) in same place, r -
Said cause will be heard at too next term ol
said court. ' ,
' ' By MARTIN AV EFFINGEIt,
' Attornryt for Demandmtt. ,
November 26, 1847. . 6wa9pl$3,58
Cheese Versus Cnniioii Shot.
Thegreatesannihilalion we have heard
of lately, was used by the eclebruted
I Com. Coe, of ttlie Montevidien navy, who
in an engagement with Admiral . Brown
of the Bdouos Arean sorvice, fired every
shot from his lockers.
"What shall wo do, sir?" asked his
lieutenant; we've not a single shot aboard
round, erape, canister, and double
headed are all gone."
"I'owder gone eh" asked Coe.
"No, sir got lots of that yet."
"We had a very hard cheose aTound
Dutch one, for desert at dinner today,
do you remember it?" said Coe.
"I ought to I broke the carving knife
in trying to cut through it, sir."
"Are there any more aboard?"
"Abont two dozen we took 'om from
"Will they go into the 18 pounders?"
"Ily thunder, Commodore, but that's
the idea. ' I'll try 'em" cried the first luff.
In a few minutes the fire of the old
'Santa Maria' (Coe's ship,) which hud
ceased entirely, was re-opened, and Ad
miral Brown found more shot flying over
his head. Directly one of them struck
the main mast, and as it did so, shattered
and flew in every direction.
"What the devil is that which the
enemy is firing?',' asked Brown but no
body could tell. -
. Directly another ono came in through
a port and ' killed two men who slood
near him; then striking the opposite bul
warks, burst into flinders,
"By Jove, this is too much! this is some
new fangled paxhan or other I don't like
'em at all," cried Brown; and then as four
or five more ofthem came slap through his
sails, he gave the order to fill ' away ond
actually hacked out of the fight, receiving
a parting broadside of Dutch cheese.
This is an actual fact our informant
was the first Lieutenant of Coo's ship.
imperfecily understood by the public ut
large. For this reason, we give place to
the charge of Judge McLean, delivered,
on Tuesday last, in the United States
Circuit Court, at Columbus, to the jury
in the case of Driskill vs. Parish. This
suit, we remind the reader, was brought
to recover a penalty, as directed in the
U. S. Law, from Parish, a citizen of San
dusky, fur harboi ing the slavesof Dris-
kill, a Kentuckian.
The charge was in substance as fol
lows, the Court hnving revelled to the
cause of action, as laid iu the declaration
and having referred to the act of Congress,
under which the suit was broushi:
"The declaration churgus two offences.
1st. Obstructing and hindonncr. 2. Har
boring and concealing, Tho law re
quires thut tho persons who hinders or
obstructs the arrest of escaping slaves,
must do it knoicinslu and wuhnehi. ' .
In regard to harboring and concealing i
it must tie done with tho nit to elude
the vigilence of the master. There may
bo surrounding circumstances which will
prevent the hai ooring from being a vio
lation of the law. As in the caso of o
peace officer, who may have arresied nn
escaping slave, for violating the peuce,
und who may refuse to deliver him up un
til the law has been satisfied. '
Resistance to the master may be made
without actual force being employed as
by words, or gestures. There should be
such un interposition as to prevent the
arrest, in order to mukealhe party guilty
The law gives a penalty of five hun
dred dollars for harboring and conceal
inu; also for obstructing and hindering-.
me penany is no more, wneu two in
more persons are concealed or harbored
at the same time. The law does not
separate them, and "ive the penalty to
In Ohio, where slavery is not tolerated
tho law presumes every one to be free.
In Kentucky, the law presumes nil
colored persons to be slaves,' until the
contrary is shown. This Court is bound
to take notice of the laws of each Stale;
mid where service is alleged to be due,
it must be proved by tho law of the place.
You are "accordingly bound to believe
that these fugitives escaped from labor;
and that ho, to whom iheyowed service,
bad a right to pursue and retake them.
It was not eeseniial that the agent
should have entered the plaintiff's gate,
in order io make the arrest. If he gave
notice of his intention it was sufficient,
wero he prevented, "by any means, to a
mount to a hindrance. But lie was
bound to give notice that the persons
were liable to arrest. That this was giv
en you must satisfy yourselves.
To constitute a harboring, there must
be a concealment. with an intention to de
feat the claims of the master.
, The words harboring and concealing
are synonymous terms.
You must construe the proof strictly;
for the defendant might have been prose
cuted by an indictment, and because
penalty attaches to him if guilty.
Finally, you ure bound to cany out
the law, as it has been given you. You
ate not to let anv excitement, or pre-enn
ceived opinions on the subject of slavery
swerve you from the strict lino of your
duly. If you lose sight of the law and
the constitution, you will be lost in the
maze of uncertainty and error. "Accor
ding to the law and the fuels, so let your
The jury having been absent about an
hour, sent to the Court for instructions,
asking whether the penally should they
find one for the plaintiff should be laid
separately on tho four counts as set forth
in the declaration. Two for hindering
the arrest, and two for harboring and con-cealinp;.
The Court had the jury recalled, and
instructing that tho charge of hindering
the arrest of the two persons Jane and
Harrison Garrison was but one offence.
The same in regard to the other two
counts, fur harboring and concealing.
1 hey must specify the counts if they
found for the pluintiff. Should they find
for the defendant, thoir verdict would be
Ihe Jury brought in a verdict of 81,000
We may also state that a similar ver
dict has been recently given in another
caso at Pittsburgh. Zunesville Courier.
Cm. neon on Peace sad War In IM.
"If War be the t.aiural state of savage
tribes, Peace ia tho first want of every ci
vilized community. War, no doubt is,
under any circumstances, a great calami
ty; yet submission to outrage would often
be o greater calamity. Of the two par
ties of any war, one at least must be in the
wrong not unfrequently both. An er
ror in such an issue is, on the part of
Chief Magistrates, Ministers of Stute, and
legislators having a voice in the question,
a crime of the greatest magnitude. The
slaying of an individual by on individ-!
ual is, in comparative guilt, but a drop of
blood. Hence the highest moial obligation
to treat national diffetences with temper,
justice and fairness; always to see that
the cause ol war is not only just but suffi
cient; to be sure that we do not covet our
neighbor's lauds, 'nor anything that is his,'
that we are as ready to give as demand
explanation, apology, indemnity; in short,
we should especially remember, 'all
things whatsoever ye would that men
should do to you, do yeeven so unto them.
This divine precept of universal obliga
tion, is as applicable to rulers, in their
transactions Willi other nations, as to pri
vate individuals in their daily intercourse
with each other. Tower is intimated by
"the Author of Peace and Lover of Con
cord,' to do good and to avoid evil. Such,
clearly, is the revealed will of God.
Washington, April 26, 1844.
Mansfield's Life of Hcott, page 357.
From the National Intelligencer, Dec. 11.
PreideiH' We:ige. ,o 9.
To relieve our readers in some decree
from tho monotony of the Mexican War
that topic which has necessarily occu
pied o large a apace in our columns
we vary the subject For the present, con
fining ourselves for to-day to some brief
remarks upon what ia said b- the Presi
dent in the Message in commendation of
I'roe Trade Doctrines nnd Measure
The President congratulates himself
on the working of the New Tariff. Some
analysts of its action in comparison with
that of 1842 will show with what reason
he rejoices in it.
The President gives us the amount of
imports -for the last fiscal year, ending
June 30, 1847, which was (exclusive of
specie) tl22,424,340. on which the du
ties amounted to S23.747.804. The im
ports of merchandise (excluding specie)
fur the year ending June 30, 1846, amoun
ted to S1I7.472.000; the duties $26,712,
667. The imports for the year ending
June 30, 1845, with like exclusion, were
8113,291,000; the duties $29,528,000.
Now, a very simple application of the
Rule of Three will show that, under the
Tai iff of 1842, the imports of the last
year would, according to its result fur the
year ending June 30, 1S45. have eiven a
revenue of S29.700.000; or according to
its result for the year ending June 30,
J 840, a revenue ot ta7,b0O,O0O. Ihis
Oi;rDisajii.edVoi.! nteers What is
to Become of Them? The presence of j discrepancy is owing to slight annual
the wounded officers of the New York ' flnctuationsin the proportion of free goods
Regiment of Volunteers in our City 3,1,1 those paying different rates of du-
some without arms aud some on crutches,
from wounds they received at Chapulta
pec and Cherubusco, while gallantly
upholding the dignity of the Empire St ite
and of the United Stales- suggests the
propriety of the General Government
providing for them, in some way, so that
ihe rest uf their lives shall not be spent
in poverty. iiy their wounds, these gal
.i c . , ... .
oiner otutes in l lie union, Have neeu in
capacitated from earning their living.
CUncIa Sam! vou bedazzled old
hedgehogl don't vou see 'Glory' is cheap
as dirt, only you never get done paying
lor it! I( oriv vears hence, vour bovs will
be still navinn'taxeg to sunnort the debt l,le tariff of 1846 was a suicidal sacrifice
1 a ... J . f i :it- .
you are now piling up and the cripples 01 nve minions oi uoiiars, on an average
mil other pensioners you are now manu
ty. lint, taking the average, it is self-ev
ident that the loss of revenue on the last
year's importations, by the substitution
of the turiffof 1846 for that of 1842. is at
least fior millions of dollars, and this not
withstanding it had been in operation but
seven mouths of the year. This circum
stance, however, is not of much impor
tance, as shipments of goods nn which
hint fellows, as well as many others, from ;the J"1" was '"educed were kept back or
sent to custom-house stores for future en
try during the last mouth of the tariff of
1842. The President and hisFinancial
Minister, attempt as they may to give
a different aspect to the matter, will fail
of their object. There is no escape from
llio f. ... ll.-l in n,.;.,(r a
t..r : . .. i .u: r. . u
ut uui annua, iiupiiiis, uiiu hub autsi hid
commencement of a most expensive war.
What more undignified, fallacious and
unfair than to go from the fiscal year, en
ding 30th June, (to which the accounts
facturing. How much more of this will
satisfy you? New York Tribune.
A Quick Retort. Whoever under
takes to put a joke on the "Razor Strop Ure made up.) to compare the astrono
mail, is oiiio iu gci iiuiiieu in me long ; micai yeats 184b and 154 tor the pur
run. Last Monday while" selling his . nose of dra wins conclusions favorable to
strops in Plymouth, and expatiating the the tariff of 1846, when, truly nresen-
wnne on mo evns oi rum ai inning, a typ- tied, they lead to conclusions directly op-
sy fellow cried out, "If rum made me lie
us fast as you in selling your strops, I'd
quit it to-day.
In the first place, the importations of
the last month of 1846, up to December,
which they have adopted is working well.
Our country possesses so manv elements
of prosperity that it will bear a good deal
ot misgovernment without much absolute
suffering. A sort of miracle, the sovere
famine in Europe enabled the Adminis
tration partly tn establish the Subtlest-
ury, which, without that miracle, would
have convulsed the whole mercantile
community.. A partial continuance of
that famine may enable the Government
to escape bankruptcy this year. But ex
perience, though slow, is a sure teacher.
We shall find out in time that Free Trade
and Universal Peace are events of equal
We havo indulged in these few remnrks
upon that part of the Piesident's Message
which relates to tho operation of the
New Tariff. When time allows, and we
can find courage to face so formidable
a document as the Annual Report of the
Secretary of the Treasury, now placed
before our readers, we shall probably
have something to say upon that elabor
The National Iniellieencer has review
ed at great length and with great ability,
the last message of Mr. Polk and con
cludes by propounding the following per
tinent questions lor the consideration of
the public, who after all will have to de
cide the matter:
First. Do you believe that, in Decem
ber, 1845, the boundary of the United
States had been extended to tho Rio
(secondly. Do you believe that the
Mexican province of Tamaulipas, east of
the Rio Grande, was, on the 11th day of
May, 1846, American soil?
Thirdly, Do you believe that the ex
isting war was begun by the act of Mexi
FourtJJij. Do Vou believe that, fail
ing in our purpose of compelling Mexico
to propose to. surrender to us her pro
vince ot lamaulipas, iNew Mexico, and
Upper and Lower California that in a
word as things now stand, "we must," in
the language of the Message before us,
"continue to occupy her country with our
troops, taking the full measure of indem
nity into our hands, and must enforce tho
terms which our honor demands?"
Do you, or a majority of you, answer
Abto each of these questions, then we
present to you the true and only remain
ing question which you have to consider
in reference to the further prosecution of
this war to the extent and in the manner
proposed in the message:
Are you willing to prosecute, indefi
nitely, this war against Mexico, ut the
cost of a hundred millions of dollars and
at least ten thousand lives a year, for the
purpose of vindicating the consistency of
the President? That is the question.
"Very good," replied Smith; the only i were kept back, as already stated, to
difTetenco between your lying and mine, wait the operation of the new tariff; and
is i nis: my sirops enaoie me to lib in a :ot course tho imports ot the first months
good warm bed, while rum makes yoa of 1S47 were proportionally increase, as
tin in the gutter. i fully appears by the actual imports of the
The typsy man sloped, evidently lying fiscal yearending 30th June. In the so
under a very great mistake, in suppo- cond place the famine in Europe and the
sing that he could get the upper hand of specie sent to this country to purchase
the "Pazor Strop Man." food produced a state of wholly unusual
, ; T ' prosperity, and consequently caused a
, M"""'- ArrECTioM.--A letter to reatv increased importationofmerchan
the AVesifield News Lettergives agrnph- ' ially dliring lbe laUer part
ic description of I lie late awful accident ,he t vear
on i.ie oosion auu orces-er i inroad, in UntJer tne 80Mi,jollal
which the writer suys:
Valuable Ken I folate lor alc
' ADJOINING LANCASTER.'
rWILL sell at private sale 62 46-100 Acres of
Laud Ivlna ia rearol'Staubery's Garden, North
east of Lancuster, being Lots Nos. 7 & 10 in the
Partition of the Baldwin Estate. These two Lots
lie together, und for situation, fertility and almost
every other advantage, they form one of the most
valuable tracts of laud in tho County.
Terms moderate. Apply soon..
M. A. DAUGHERTY.
Lancaster, July 3, 1847. " 11
The Dead Sea Expedition.
gratified to learn from a letter in tho
New York Herald, written by Lt. Lynch
who is to command this exploring expe
dition, that the refutation of Infidel phi
losophers is not the We object. He says:
"We owe something to the scientific and
Christian world; and while extending tho
blessings of civil liberty in the South and
West, may well afford to foster science
and strengthen the bulwarks of Lhruti
anity in the East." ' We hope if the ex
pedition is successful in "strengthening
the bulwarks of Christianity iu the East,'
mat rresioeiu root win noc Btanu aooui
a trifling expense in strengthening the
ing the bulwarks of Christianity upon
this continent; tor it is said they are ter
ribly out of repair, especially in that por
tion which is bounded by M ason and Dix
on's line on the north, and by-the gulf
of Mexicoonthe south. Christian Cit,
Relief to the Poor. But little is
known of the extent of the distress among
the poor of this city, and still less of the
individual instances of suffering, and the
detail of the relief affnded by the public
authorities nnd benevolent individuals.
The Township Trustees are kept very
busy. BehvWn the 1st and 16th of De
cember, they hnve supplied fuel to foe
hundred and eighty onefamilies, and since
that time one hundredand serenty families.
In all seven hundred and fifty-one fami
lies! They express the opinion, that in
a very short time, fifteen hundred fami
lies must be supplied! This prosents an
appalling stute of things, indeed. Cin
stimulus of Mr.
I t.l I .U.. 1..-. r I - -y
cuuiu ""-"icy.lUNU ui nu t f()1 0U1. comrort as we fin(J ,
mothers, as contradistinguished from that lhe turll 0f the exchanges, whereby we
of the men. The latter escaped from the are , - mr b e packet and
car and were running about frantic and , aeamer that sailg f(,rEur((pei nealiy or
not knowing what to do. The ; mothers . -e ag fas, a, Uca,ne , ayearagl).
l emaineo in me wretK, wi n ineir cun-: The C0Ilseqence j4 a violent contrac
.Iren about them, determined not to es- tion on ,he t of Bal)k8i a pre3Sure
cape until their children should first be I ,he mffl m;i,.ket ; aI, the cotnmer.
saved. Not one of them asked help for,cial cities wnicl) wi 8()on extend to the
themselves! 1 heir words were, save illerior une38 d.ecked by the cessation
my child, on! for Gods sake, save mychil- Lf tIie8e undue anj .xcessive imports.
u,'"' - The President estimates the duties ac-
Cp-An eminent Doclorof Divinity, re- crui,,S from ember 13-16. to Decern
siding not a hundred miles from N. Yorker, 1847. at thirty-one and a half millions
and famous for the originality of his phra- jf d(,lla, !'- H s gtve ill e amount
seology. was asleep the other even- of ""ports which produced this amount
ing in his chamber, while his wife was of revenue: but it can hardly fall short of
rnxni nit n rnt n one of bis n-nrmfiiits. i ",lc " c" "'" " " -
He woke and asked the lady if she knew
why she was like the devil. "I do not,"
was her answer. "Do you give it up?"
"I do, certainly!" "Because," said tho
Doctor," while men slept the enemy sow
ed tares." N. Y. Ei e. Post.
A Good Anecdote. The editor of the
New York Tribune, writing from Wash
"Four members of the House were in
a steamboat off the Southern coast some
nights since making all haste to be pres
ent at tho organization, The night was
a bad one and the wind blew furiously
8oone of them, who had some skill in nau
tical mattei s, went aluft to lake an obser
vation. 'Is there danger?' was the anx
ious inquiry of another member when he
returned, '..'Yes, there is danger,' wasthe
reply 'great danger; but if we go down
it will make no odds at Washington; we
stand two and two.' :
' Wives'says somebody, "love your
husbands, and makt them take a paper."
Moneyoai.l, is the name of. a small
town somewhere in the United States,
(Kings County, N. Y.. we believe) in
which we are sorry to learn all the 'galls
do not have money, notwithstanding- the
name. A happy couple who were not
long since murried there in the morning,
were caught stealing hay in the evening,
with which to make their nuptial couch.
Notwithstanding the aynousness of the
crime, the worthy magistrate, in consid
sideralion of the circumstances imposed
only n nominal fine, and permitted the
parties to depart upon giving "straw baiP
for their future good behaviur. Chris
tian Citizen. .
C" What's that you say?" said Mrs.
Partincton.raisinc her eyebrows and peer-
inir over her spectacles. "Sent Cushings
and Pillows to the MexicansV. "Well,
now, I declare that's worse than sending
Santy Anna." Here Mrs." P. went on
with her knitting, and continued, (solo
voce:) Sent a Pillow to Moxico? Well,
now, if that ain't givin' 'aid and comfort.'
then 1 don't know! I wonder what Mr.
Ritchie will say to it?" '
Childishness. The Philadelphia
Gleaner says: "We yesterday aw a let
ter from a distinguished physician in
London, to another in this city, in which
the writer alluded to one of his patients,
a lady of thirty-five, who had had 32 chil
dren at 13 births, namely; 4 twice, three
three times while the most of tho others
were twins. This beats the case of the
German mother who had 32 daughters at
16 births." ' .
exclusive of specie. Now, one or two
things is unquestionably true: Under
the tariff of 1842 we should have had the
same amount of importation, or we should
not. On the first supposition, we should
derive a revenue from it of about forty
millions of dollars instead of thirty-one
and a hnlf millions. On the last and most
probable supposition of a diminished im
portation, we should be in a state of com
parative ease; our cities wouiu nui ue
writhing under a money pressuteof one
or one and a half percent a month, watch
ing with intense interest the clearance of
every steamer and packet to see how
much gold nnd silver, the life blood of
our circulation, is being drawn trom us.
Ihe import of specie always produces a
prosperous state ot trade and industry.
lis ex-port, on the contrary, is always
viewed with alarm, and when carried be
yond a certain point, is certain to paral
ize all commercial operations. The on
ly cause of an undue export of specie is
an excess of imports. To this branch of
overtrade this country has always been
peculiarly subject A leading motive to
the establishment of the protective sys
tem was to check this excess of import
and give more steadiness to our currency.
The policy of this Administration, on the
contrary, is to stimulate importations to
The School of Political Economy which
it follows deny that any injury results to
a nation trom the expon oi us coin.
Their laneuaee is, "We cannot part with
our specie, excopt in exchange forsome-
. . r ... e. .if ' t ? L
thing more valuaDie--torsomotningwnicn
we prefer. JSvery practical mercnant,
however, has a different view of the mat
ter; and, if we'are not misinformed, the
Freetrade Philosophers of London, whom
jfoKirht to follow.
tn satisfy the people of
J r r t I
Letter from Mr. Cliiy.
The Richmond Whig publishes the fal
lowing extract of a letter from Mr. Clay,
dated oth mst.; to a mend in Virginia:
"1 have this moment perused an able
pamphlet from the pen of Mr. Gallatin,
in which, without any concert between
us, 1 find that he takes similar positions
to those which 1 had previously occupied.
He fortifies them by a striking array of
tacts and powerful arguments.
"1 am not surprised at the imputation
of unworthy motives to me forthe delivery
ot the speech, i hat has been so long my
fortune, that I should have been surpris
ed if it had not been made. Will they
charge Mr. Gallatin, in the publication of
this pamphlet, with being actuated by
the desire to attain the Presidency?
There is as much grcund in the one case
as in the other."
tIt is The Globe, late special oigan
in our City of the Hunker Democracy,
which now, under its new Barnburning
auspicies, 'talks up' up after this fashion:
Soctii Carolina Fanaticism. We
have before us a report of the committee
on Federal Relations, on the Wilmot
Proviso, in the Legislature of South Caro
lina. There is nothing new in the re
port, except it may be the following:
"It is a problem yet to be sot red,wheth-
er any Republic can long endure which
docs not tolerate domestic servitude."
The time was when we were of the o-
pininn that the Southern planter and the
Northern laborer constituted tho Democ
racy ofthe Union. We were young then.
Wo now think that Democracy and
Slavery cannot co-exist and the Repub
lic endure. There is more fanaticism in
South Carolina than in the whole Aboli
tion party ofthe Union, with all the Eng
lish tourists who ever visited America
Free Trad theory
Discouraging to ' Deacon Giles.
The Secretary of the Navy, in his Annu
al Report to Congress says: 'It is not my
opinion that the interests of the United
States will be promoted by adopting the
invention of liquid fire as a means of ua
tiotial defence." Christian Citizen.
Gen. Taylor in Louisiana. The last
Feliciana Whig contains a call numer
ously signed for a meeting ofthe friends
of Gen. Taylor, in that parish, for the pur
pose of appointing delegates to meet in
convention at New Orleans, on the 22d
February, to nominate a Taylor Electo
ral ticket. The spirit is spreading ra
South Carolina. The House have
passed, 64 to 54, a bill giving the electors
for President and Vice President to the
people. The same bill, however was re-
iected by the Senate, 17 to is. lhe
J . . A A tntt tVtam
Senate having twice c
proposition, we presume that it will be
obviated by the governor s calling an ex-
tra session of tho present legislature on,
the day prescribed by the act of Congress
though the constitutionality of such a
proceeding is stoutly questioned Rich-
Enauirtr. - " ,, ..
RFI M;.iiinni nnner S8VS that Pok
er players in the steamboats on the river
now, instead of "I pass," say "I Sant
Anna." .. ... .