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111
SMITH, HEBANE & WILLIAMSON.
COD WILL HELP THOSE WHO TRY TO HELP THEMSELVES.
Editors and Pflblishcrs.
VOL. III.
HALEIGH, X. C, THUKSDAY, APRIL 19, 1883.
NO. 8.
ECHO.
I haunt the woods'
Dmp solitude,
Wher. the foaming till
With winding flow
And Toices low,
Steal down from the hills;
Where the clustered flowers
Ob whispering bower.
Bang sweet with dew,
And the drowsy air
Breathe odors rare
The summer through.
When morning's beam
8teals into dream
Of the forest deep,
And musie breaks
Erem the bird that wake
From happy sleep,
I repent his song
As it floats along
Among the trees;
My Toice replies
And melts and diet
In baunonies.
And when from afar
The evening star,
On the solemn night,
Looks down from the east,
Where the storm has ceased,
With holy light;
When the measured knell
Of the evening bell,
From the distant bill,
With iret'ow beat,
Makes musio sweet,
In the darkness still
I echo the hour
From my rocky tower,
Where I watch alone;
I slumber deep,
But I wake from sleep
At the softest tone.
When winter piles
The forest aisles
With drifts of Bnow,
And through tlio lines
Of roaring pines
The ice winds blow,
About my eive
The tempest rave,
Xiike storms at 03,
But none can break
My walls and take
My voice from ms!
I fmind uiy birth
When heaven and earth
Frjm clmon rose;
And not till Death
Steals Nature's breath
My life shall close.
Ernest V. Shurtlfgr.
WO KINDS OF CHARITY,
" It's not only strange, but downright
meanness. What's the use of trying
to excuse it? Here are the facts:
Only a few days i!g the Benevolent
society met and Mrs. lienson sub
scribed twenty dollars. I was speak
ing of her liberality at the close of the
meeting; and now we find Iter refusing
to pay a fair price to her washwoman
and seamstress, the latter having a
poor mother and three helpless chil
, dren to provide for from her scanty
earnings."
" Well, Annie, such inconsistencies
are far from being infrequent, and the
longer you Jive the more you will be
Impressed with incongruities found in
human nature. Let mo tell you of a
lesson I had once, many years ago.
"It was a cold day in December, and
a keen, rough wind blew the sharp,
frozen sleet in my face as I walked
with a quick step down one of the
streets of our leautiful eitv. Iliad
been caught without an umbrella, and
when I overtook Mr, Blank, and was
Invited to walk under the shelter of
his, I to;k his arm, nothing lotlt, I as
- 81ire yirttrile Avas an old friend, though
his wealth can led him into circles
where, as thepon pastor of an humble
flock, I should have hardly found ad
mittance. After the Drst greetings,
he told me that nothing would have
tempted him out in such a severe
weather but the meeting of the ' be
nevolent Association,' of which I think
he said he was president. And then
be added: You had better go with mo
and become a member. There is no
estimating the amount of good we are
doing in this place.'
" When we came to the steps of the
old stone church, my attention was
arrested by the sound of a child's
voice, which was borne to us by the
wind, in low, broken sobs.
" Curled up under the shelter of the
broad, stone arch was a child of seven
or eight years, whose dress was such
an odd mixture of girls' and boys'
costumes that it would have been
difficult to guess the sex.
"A poor, pinched face, set off by
fine, dark eyes, and a profusion of dark
hair, which was partly hidd n by the
old comforter tied around the head.
An old overcoat, patched and worn, a
red petticoat partly hiding some black
pants, gray stockings and girl's slippers
completed the dress of the forlorn little
object.
"I said: 'Let us see what lithe
trouble here, and what we ran do to
relieve it.'
"Mr. Blank stopped with an Im
patient air, and passing a contemptuous
glance at the child, wh just thrn
looked up and cried out piteously,
said: 'Oh, never mind, I have no
interest in a thing of this kind. I
have to do only with the broad, general
principles of humanity.'
" When he found I would stop he
wrapped his elegant coat close around
him, saying carelessly: 'It's all a
trick ; these beggars understand their
business to perfection. Come, or we
shall be late at the society. Do not be
misled by your sympathies j with us
you can work in your accustomed
way.
" ' I will not detain you,' I replied,
1 and, if possible, will rejoin you in a
few moments.'
" ' Very well, sir, If you persist in
this I must leave you, for my duties
are Imperative, and the wind which
sweeps round this corner is terrific;'
and, with a stately bow, he hurried on.
"I went tip to the child, and asked,
perhaps a little thoughtlessly: 'What's
I the matter, my little maid or fellow?
I am sure I cannot tell which you are.'
"The figure straightened up, and
before a word was uttered the red
iv"..-t was gathered up by the half
"rozea hands and hid under the dilapi
dated overcoat.
"I ain't a girl I'm Willie Hale,
and I've iost my way i' and then the
mends went up to tho face, and the
'.'enuisi'd skirloropped down into sight
I i-gain.
j ' ''rtl me where you live,' said I,
I and t will take you to the street.'
; " I don't live on any street only
; way off by the water, and I can't find
toy way back, 'cause the storm comes
in my face so.'
! " I took his stiffened fingers in my
! warmly-gloved hands and bent over
; him so as to shut out the blast, bidding
! him cheer up and think of something
j which would indicate the-direction of
, his home, and I would take him
i there.
j " Finally, he thought of ' a great big
j chimney,' which, ho said, went most
. to the sky,' and added, quaintly:
If it should ever fall down it would
! bury us up so deep we could never get
I out but I haven't told mother of it,
I because 'twould worry her, you
! know.'
i " 1 drew him closer to me, for he
I had touched my heart by his thought
I fulness of his mother. I told him I
would take him to the big chimney and
then he could find his mother's house
nimseir. lie Kepi nrm Hold or mv
hand as we started off, and said with "a
happy look into my face: You can
walk fast and I can run, and we will
get there quick, won't we?'
"Curious looks were cast upon us
as we trudged along the slippery
street, but we heeded them not, and
so much interested did I become in
the'dtile fellow that I forgot to leave
him when he came to the place he had
designated, and the first I knew he
wits leading me into a long narrow
. itue. and stopped before a miserable
Jwel'lng. I followed the child up
i some rickety stairs and soon found
j :rye;f in the presence of a sick woman
I who was propped up in bed, trying to
I sew.
i
" 'I could not find him,' said the
cliild, ' and I got lost, and this good
man brought me home.'
" She looked up wistfully into my
f.ice. 'Thank you, sir, for bringing
my darling back to me; it's something
new for him to go out alone, but I am
helpless now.' Sho kept on with her
work, though iter hands trembled and
her race was covered with tears.
" It was a different scene from any
I had met with in my short experience
or. pastoral me, out my sympathy, ex
pressed in words and manner,' soon
drew from the p tor woman her story.
It camoout by degrees broken in upon
by sobbing and weakness. As is often
tho case, 'it was not til ways thus.'
She had begun life with fair prospects,
but after a few years of great happi
ness her sorrows commenced with the
loss of her husband, by a terrible acci
dent, lie ha I always been prudent
and Industrious, but when she paid
the last cent due on his burial she had
scarcely a dollar to help herself with
and three children dependent upon
her. After she buried iter baby she
took the other two, a girl of seven
and Willie, who was then four, and
came to this city, because she had a
brother living here who was sure to
help her, if he only knew her necessi
ties. A frail hope, as she found. He
had acquired wealth and position, and
was troubled with . .poor relations.
They, luul- had the saiie chance to
make tueir way in life that he had,
and if they had been careless and im
provident he was not going to suffer
for them.
" 'His wife gave me some sewing to
do, but so scanty was the pay I might
have starved on it, only for the assist
since of my neighbors who, though
poor, are very kind. When my little
girl died I sent for him again, and he
helped me, through tho Benevolent so
ciety, with the understanding that I
should keep our relationship a secret
and let him alone in future. I would
not have accepted it,' only to keep my
darling girl from being buried publicly
by the city.'
"She wept during the recital un
controllably, and at the close added bit
terly: 'I understand that my brother,
Howard Blank, has the reputation of
being exceedingly generous, and that
he is connected with all the benevolent
enterprises of the day.'
'"Is Howard Blank your brother?" I
asked, in great surpris .
"'Yes; do you know him?'
" 'I thought 1 knew him well, but I
find there is a wide difference between
reputation and character. With your
permission I shall see him, and try and
influence him to do something for you.
Perhaps I can touch his pride, if not
his heart.'
" 'It will be of no use, said she; ' lie
will say I have broken my word in
telling you; but you were so kind, and
I so desolate, that I opened my whole
heart to you.'
"I promised to be tareful of her
secret, and to tee her again before
night.
"I went directly home and told
your mother all but the circumstances
connected with the brother. Her kind
heart was instantly aroused, and while
I was talking she began to gather up
different things which might be needed!
in the. sick-room. In less than two
hours there was a cheerful tire in that
attic room, the bed was comfortably
arranged, Mrs. Halo was well cared
for, and Willie had dined like a prince.
' Toward night I took my way in
the still-Increasing storm to the house
of Mr. Blank. I confess my h art
rather misgave me when I remembered
this particular case was not humanity
in general.' I accused myself of un
charitableness in judging my friend,
ami brought to mind the old adage:
' There are always two sides to a story.'
In my eagerness to exculpate him I
began to doubt the word of the poor
woman,
"I found him surrounded with
every luxury. He gave ine a Cardial
reception, but when my errand wai
made known his manner changed. It
was long before I could make any im
pression upon him.
He a if ecU d to
believe their suffering feigned, b xause
Mrs. Hale had refused to take anv
more work from his wife. I told the
reason, wnen he replied : lou liavj
been an easy dupe to a designing w
man. Hero is ten dollars, which I
give under protest, knowing it will be
foolishly squandered. And now, my
good sir, please never mention th'a !
subject to me again, or I shall be
obliged to drop an acquaintance that I
have always found exceedingly agree
able.' "Perhaps I said a little more to him
than became a poor minister, but as 1
looked around upon his magnificent
drawing-rooms I could not help think
ing that were it not for the publicity
of his donations they would be with
held, and that his published contribu
tions did not proceed from a generous
heart, but from a contemptible desire
for popularity and fame. And I did
what is not alwavs wiso. .nb. mv
rim..,ri,t. ni,i ' 1 '
uvuiuiLuniurc giaYCiy Willi 1 Has
taking upon myself 'one of the pre -
nnH,'aa tl,r... TT1I. ...I.. 1
l ITa l.Amin.ln.1 mn .. . 1 .. 1 . T . .
Afctti.nto in UID JUUrtfc ingu wneii 1
he bowed me out in the most self-pos-
sesseti manner. 1 lost inv position
soon after through his influence, and '
since then our ways in life have sel- j
dom crossed. i
"Mrs. Hale recovered soon, thanks
to careful nursing and the effect of
careful food. Several became interest
ed in her, and as soon as she regained
her strength they put her in the way
of earning enough to support herself
and Willie. She gave him a good edu
cation, and he has done a great deal
for himself, and is to-day one of the
most promising young men of my ac
quaintance. That is only one of many
instances which have come under my
observation throuch mv lonir and
varied experience. To be just to hu
man nature, I think this a little the
worst, or else I became familiarized
with inconsistencies and they did not
make so deep an impression upon me.
remaps you will judge Mrs. Ben
son more leniently when I tell you she
has but carried out the result of her
early training, for you know she is
Judge Hadley's daughter, andheisthe
Mr. Blank who figured in my story.
And, Annie, perhaps there will be no
better timo for me to talk with you on
tho subject which has given me no
little anxiety. Within the past week
two young men havo called on me,
seeking my permission to win to them
selves my heart's bLst treasure, my
only daughter. Annie, darling, will
you show mo your heart, that I may
know how to answer them?"
No words came from tho restless
little Iflgure, who had suddenly found
so much to be done in the other part
of the room. Every book had been
dusted twice ovir, and still she lin
gered, with her face turned from her
father.
"I am waiting, Annie."
"Well, papa," under her breath.
" Come here, darling, where I can
see your lace; who knows how long
tney win let me have y u with me;
n i7; , ,7i V i ' "".
one is neb, educated a. id excp din"lv I
I..- rr , I.. ' n ' I
' Vliitl I full vaii f mi 'J VI', .11
lpiuiii. no mis no pruicsion or
business, and you would think he j
would never need any, ai h is an only '
s;m ; but if by some su Men stroke of
fortune his father's winlth should be !
swept away, the young man, with his j
dainty and expensive habits, would J
find it difficult to tako cire of I
himself, and, much more, a wifi
set myself up to judge the motives 1 s Bllm."s
which "had actuated him.' I cauno ' V'ohn consequently this branch
say who had the last word, but I know of c'lllnI'y be earned
I never felt so angry in my life as I 0"! h- " 7 xt'r
did when I stepped from his door, and x- . JT"' , 8:1 1 Ml; Tunier' a
Paul Hadlcy is in love, or thinks lie is, I the purpose of traveling a short dis
with Annie's prettvface and eiuramnir tancc. He had no money -a fact
manners, l tie present prospects are
that she would have an elegant home,
every luxury that wealth can bestow,
and, while her beauty lasts, a portion
of her husband's heart. William
Benson you have known all your life.
Ho has just finished his profession, and
has his way to make in the world.
And he will do it, for he has true
courage and perseverance, correct
habits and a high aim. He may never
lie rich, as things are counted here,
and his wife will have to take her
share of the burdens of life, but she
will have a husband of whom any
woman might be proud, and his heart,
tender and true, will be all her own.
It so happened that the two chose tho
same hour to visit nio. William came
in first, but was hardly seated w hen
Hadlcy was announced. They merely
exchanged bows, though I know they
must have known each other at school.
Hadlcy said his business was urgent,
and asked to see me alone a few mo
ments. I confess his errand took me
by surprise, for I l.a I only thought of
my home pet as a child, while others
havo found out, it seems, that she is a
beautiful young lady. When we
entered tho parlor again I said: 'Per
haps you two gentlemen don't know
you are cousins.' John Hadley threw
up his head contemptuously and re
plied: ' You must be mistaken. Judge
Hadley is my father, you know.'
" ' Yes,' said I, 'and Mrs. Benson is
his own sister ; you must thank me
for giving you an aunt and cousin who
stand so high with the best people of
our city.
"He muttered something and was
gone. William looked chagrined, but
I told him 'twas time his secret was
divulged, and there was no chance of
being accused of having mercenary
motives now.
" You must have guessed that he is
the Willie Hale Benson of whom you
have heard. As soon as you cai, give
me an answer for them both, for ac
cording to their own accounts they
will suffer untold agonies while they
are kept in suspense. As to your
choice in this matter, I trust you per
fectly. There, I didn't tell you a mo
ment too soon j for here comes Wil
liam j Will you stay and give your own
answer?"
" Oh, no, papa, dear." She put her
face close to his. "You can tell Willie
I liko him, just a little, and but don't
tell him this, I wish
he was rich, for
, wealth and ease look verv t.imntina"
As she made her exit she heard her
father say. "Inconsistency."
But her heart was light and happy.
Making Fiddle Stria?.--
The name "catgut," as applied to
the animal-fiber strings used on musi
cal instruments, is altogether a mis
nomer. The cat is in no wise respon
sible for the string, and, much as the
fact is to be deplored, tho manufac
turers of such strings r fuse to utilize
cats for the supply it "iheir material.
Aminadab Sleek, amended to accuracy,
should speak of "they who scrape the
hair of the horse upon the bowels of
the lamb" not the "bowels of the
cat." Violin, guitar and banjo strings,
and in fact all sorts that come under
the general head of "gut," are made
tu",l""" r lH oi i um ami caute,
from the entrails of lambs
irom the ilelieate threads used for
sewing racket ball covers up to the
I ...lf i,7,.l,
l ' ' , '
IdlllO IS
thick round belts. After a
seven months old its entrails
an
porter, "have any idea of the many
uses to which gut strings are now put.
They are used to hold up clock
weights, for belting, for the laoini on
lawn tennis and racket balls, for la
crosse scoops, for weaving fine whip
covers, for jewelers' drills, and for it
thousand things. I suppose, that even
I do not know of. Anglers' leaders or
snells ? Xo, not at all, although most
people have an idea that these are
made of gut. That material would
never do for such a purpose. It would
get soft in tho water in a few minutes
and the fish would eat it olf. In fait,
I don't know but what it would be a
good bait. Most so-called ' gut' lead
ers are made from silk and the best
from a marine plant.
"All tho work of making gut
strings is about the same, but greater
care lias to be exercised in preparing
those intended for musical instruments
than others. The process of manufac
turing those is comparatively simple,
but far from easy. When the entrails,
for which a good price lias to be paid,
are thoroughly cleaned, they are split
with a razor. Only one half is fit for
use in violin strings. That is the upper
or smooth half. The lower half is fatty,
rough, and of unequal thickness. Tho
strips are put through rollers turned
by hand for eight or nine days, to tako
all the stretch out of them. Then they
are spun, or twisted. Five or six
strands go to make an E string, eight
or nine an A string, and twenty are
put into a D string. Then they go
through a bleaching bath of sulphur
fumes. After that they are twisted
again. Then they are softenod in
pearlash water, again subjected to the
action of the sulphur fumes, twisted
again, dried, and finally rubbed down
smooth with pumice stone. Alto
gether it takes ten or eleven days to
make a string. When done they are
seventy-two inches long four lengths
for a violin and thirty of them coiled
make up
. 4 . 1
the 'bundle' of the trade."
ami
Favored tho ria'nlilT.
An Arkansas man who was ejected
from a railroad ear shortly afterward
brought suit for damages, and after
a long and interesting hearing of the
case the judge delivered the following
eharire to the jury:
The plaintiff boarded Hit. train for
which ho frankly confessed. There
was plenty of room in the cai, so the
I Ltintiff was in no one's way. The
train was in the habit of traveling the
roadin fact, it Ins to go along there.
'I h train would have to.arrive at its
destination just as soon if the plaintiff
bad not been on board. The machin
ery would not have been worn any
more by hauling the plaintiff. The
president of tho road would not have
been In the least injured. And now,
in view of all these facts that tho
train had to go any way, that there
was plenty of room in tho car, and
that the train would not have been in
jured by the plaintiff I charge you to
bring in a heavy judgment in favor of
the plaintiff, and then, as a healthful
example to all parties concerned, tho
conductor be sent to jail for six
months, and also that the clerk of this
court furnish the president of the road
with an account of these proceedings,
together with an opinion that he, the
president, don't live far enough up the
creek to tramp on the coat-tail of this
court.
Chief or the Cattle Thieves.
John Kinney, leadi r of all the New
Mexico rustlers and the man who has
proven such a terror to the cattle
iuterests of the Territory, is about
thirty-two years of age, live feet seven
inches in height, stout, rather bloated,
weighs 1G5 pounds, florid complexion,
light brown hair, blue eyes, fud, round
face and light moustache. He is a
braggart, taiks loud, drinks hard, lacks
prudcii'v, bus killed two men, brags of
killi g others, h. bold, but lacks nerve.
He isbTevfd to be an Irishman.
Kinney has been operating in Southern
N'ew Mexico, Texas and old Mexico
for three years. He was formerly a
soldier in the Eighth Uni'.ed State
cavalry. He has a ranch in a cotton
wood grove south of Bincon, where he
has spent most ''fhis time since leaving
the army, luit-.hering and shipping
stolen eatll". Kiuney is a sort of
major-general, having.oniraand ovei
all the rustlers.
civ j.uin. iimiiuiacuirer. io a isiui re-
A PECULIAR COMMUNITY.
A PBEE KEPOELIC WITHIN THE BOR
DERS OF LK-iaiASA.
A ,1tn! r lli'i"''iit f I'i.Urrni:' i Iilinii
n Yi'otiiiittn It Jl .mil C.-itlit. p.
olisimi in I'e !'
For years past most r.-inarkablc re
ports about a Malay settlement at the
mouth of a small bayou running into
Lake Borgne on tho extreme southern
limit !iave been in circulation. Tales
which would have furnished material
for many volumes of sensational liter
ature have been twice told about this
peculiar spot, until the passage of tims
and the absence of accurate detail con
cerning this terra incognita gave to
them the corroboration of general ac
quie cenee, and St. Malo was regarded
by those who hear 1 of the settlement
as akin to the buccaneers' resorts of
the Caribbean sra, or the mysterious
n treats of th smugglers of, the Span
is'i main. It is tiu", now and again
some indefatigable amateur hunter or
fisherman would stray into Its neigh
borliood.but they never remained long,
and their short visits served rather to
heighten the co'.or of pie-t rumors than
to tone them down to the na'ter-of
fa 't standard of to-dav.
All that was definitely known was
that many years ago a number of na
tives of Manila, one of the Philippine
islands, north of Java, had established
themselves in a village on a piece of
land in the sea marsh of Louisiana,
near 'a -bayou, and there with miles
and mill's of nulling rushes and retds
between them and civilization had
built up an autonomy of their own,
holding allegiance to no power or po
tentate, and, though within the geo
graphi' al boundary of our State and
the 1'nited Sta'es, yet beyond tho
reach of ils laws. A stern and rigidly
enfercol ft.itule of the colony was
that of complete exclusion of the fe
mal ' six, and many were the ghastly
traditi ns of tho enforcement of this
ordinance.
According to the whispered story,
shortly after the settlement was made,
and the small-eyed natives of the l'n
( d ie begun to thrive with their fishery,
one of tin ir number, following the ex
ample of the average American citi
zen, as well as the dictates of a seini
Mongoiian tast". carried thither a wife,
and establishi d her at the le ad of his
little household. Within a lew months
afterward unplcaunt r.'ports began to
spread in the village, at first against
the chief, and then against thesina'le t
and most insignifi 'ant fisher's assistant
there, (iossip, with her idle tongue,
invoked private enmity w here brother
ly love existed before, and old friends
found themselves separated by somo
nia'i;ning slanderer. Tends were
created. Th" crease and tho knifo
were resorted to, and th ' peaceful St.
Malo threatened to 1 ecome a place of
sickening deeds. The o'd t heads
gathered together and discussed this
unlooked-fer change in tho affairs of
their microcosm. The logic of facts,
by a very simple induction, pointed to
the woman as the cause, and her fate
was sealed. Traditions i Terns to the
means taken to bring about the d sired
result. One has it that she was tiel
out in the mar-lies to a stake for the
mosquitoes 1 1 suck out her life-blood;
anoth-r tells of the short shrift of a
knife and a severing of the bloody
limbs from the headless trunk. It
matters little w hich may be true, the
result r mainid, and woman n'vr
more s t eyes on St. .V.a'o.
Tho fishing is conducted by com
panies, each of which is composed of
a captain and four er five men. The
captain is generally the owner or the
seine. They start out. in line weather
down the shore of Lake Borgne and
haul the seine until a sufficient quan
tity is caught to till their cars. AH
return to St. Malo, wdiere the fish are
bunched and sold to luggers which ply
between that point and New Orleans.
The first share go 'S to the seine, and
then all take share and share aliko of
the proceeds. Each man, when lucky,
clears between $15 and $18 per week.
They do not care for the cold, and work
winter and summer, although summer
Is the best fishing season. The men
live on rice, lisli and beans, anil oie e a
week they get meat. They are all con
tented without wives, and seldom
have trouble with one am ther. When
they first came they built their houses
with latanier (palmetto) leaves and
with straw from the marsh; now they
are built of cypress.
Xo such thing es a warrant of a
court, a tax bill, a lawyer, a doctor er
an election is known there. Their only
judges to settle their disputes are arbi
trators selected by those who dispute
the property in a skiff, a hunch of fish
or a pirogue. When a man gets drunk
on liquor brought on the luggers fro.n
tho city,, and he g ,ts no sy, lie is imme
diately t iken down to a hMi car.which
Is simply a large skiff, some ten feet
long, decked over with open scams
about an inch in width, so that when
It is afloat the water will flow through
it to keep the fish alive. The drunken
man is put in tho fish ear, the sliding
door on top is closed and a peg inserted.
He is then safe. If he becomes too
obstreperous the car is pushed out into
the water until it is half filled, the cold
bath effectually quitting the ardor of
he prisoner.--New Orleans Times.
Trials of every kind may await you,
sterner and darker than any yet ex
perienced. Do not anticipate them,
but do not forget their possibility. Do
not. as you prize your own soul, forget
that your strength for every conflict
depends on your being girded for e ich
as it o imes, and n?ver b:dng careless
or weary.
The postal money orders in the conn"
try last rear aggrega t e 1 f 1 20.000,000, of
which ft),500,000 were on foreign acj
pount. The net profit to the govern
ment was $105,020.
President Arthur
and one brother.
has five sisters
SCIENTIFIC AND IMHSTRIAl.
Baron Xordenskjoid is to undertake
an Arctic expedition to Xorth Green
land this ye -
Tennes-i manufacturing
establishment,.,, operating a capital of
;:2'ViUJ,b45, and employing 22,445
hands.
The largest pump works in the
world are at Senesa Palls, X. Y Two
hundred and sixty hands are em
ployed. M. Janssen lias found the high
desert plateaux t Algeria to lia'u u
atmosphere s re oartaibiy cleat thai
the moons of Jupittr are visible to the
naked eye.
A deep, brilliant biack upon iron
or steel may be produced by applying
with a line hair brush a mixture of
turpentine and sulphur previously
boiled together.
The Wisconsin leisYatuifc ha
passed a bill which provides that al.
goods manufactured by convict labor
shall be distinctly marktd a? such be
fore being put upon the market.
Ibre is a li nt by Dr. O. Boeck
which may be of indiisi.'ial value. J!
potato's arc pce'.fl ami treated wi'n
eight parts sulphuric acid and 101 1
parts of wa er, and thtn dried and
pressed, a mass is o dained very UK-
celluloid, an I which can be used in
stead of in.', r .eiiauiii or ivory. It i
not stated whether the iuvt utiun i
protected by a patent or not. i
Professor U 'insch thus gives the re 1
suits of his resean h s regarding th
manner in which coal has be n forme i 1
He had evaminid with the microscopt
not less than 2.00J sec. ions of eo:ii
and had tome to the conclusion tli i
co;d ha I not been forni-d by the alter ; ,
tion of accumulated land plants, bti
that it consisted of micro.!, opic forms
of a lower rder of i rotoplasm, and
although he had car 'fully examine,
the ells and other r 'mains of plan
of a higher order, he computed tie.
they have contributed only a fraetio.
of the mass of coal veins, however nu
merous th -y may have been in some :
instances.
l'acillc Coast Sal num.
Mr, Lelioy J. (Jates, of Eureka, '
Humboldt bay, on the Pacific coast, !
states in a comuiuuication to the San !
Francis; o E.nmin thatllie valuable !
salmon wid virtually become extinct
if the can -os of tiie diminuitioi: are ;
not remedied. The reason ot rate great !
falling off in the she'; of salmon in
the rivers Mr. dates states as follows:
By a resort, to relays of help the seines j
are kept running night and day, and i
the streams nr.! swept from bank to j
bank as rapidly as possible, when the
fish are suiliciently plentiful to make
it pay even tho expanse of running. :
This is continued without rest except ;
for a limited period on Sunday. Such
fish as escape the first s 'in s are apt to
get picked up at fishing grounds
above, or are followed up the stream
to their spawning grounds and cap
tured there. The fishermen generally
provide themselves with a line meshed
net for the young salmon and a large
meshed one for the grow n fish. The
average catch of young salmon on Eel
river, at the best period of the running
season, lias been known to reach the
enormous number of 20,'.n0 a day.
Sturgeon are fed to lu gs, given away
and even thrown away. The fisher
men do not want them in the river to
bother the seining, and are clean
ing the river of them as fast
as possible. Besides this, it is known
that a large number of Chinamen are
engage I along the coast south of the
Columbia river in netting and can
ning the small Jislie--, upon which the
salmon are dependent for their subsist
ence. These young and small fish,
including young salmon, move along
the shores in schools, and by means of
fine-meshed seines and nets are caught
by the millions and canned and mar
keted. This system of robbing the
salmon of its food threatens to de
prive the people of the Pacific coast of
a most valuable ami favorite fish.
The salmon were s abundant in the
streams of Xew Brunswick and Maine
at one time that the lish did not bring
a dime apiece. The reckless practices
were permitted to go on there till the
fish became so scarce as to bring the
enormous price of a dollar a pound.
Finally a law was put in force in Xew
Brunswick which prohibited the sein
ing of salmon, with severe penalties,
and the result is that the supply of
salmon in the river is again large.
Catching the Eye of the Speaker.
The order of morning business (says !
Ben Perley Poore, in writing in the 1
Century of Congress and the "Capitol j
at Washington,") is unintelligible to ;
strangers, and is merely the successive j
recognition by the speaker of those j
members who have obtained from him j
a promise that they can have the j
floor. In keeping these promises
the speaker often pays no heed to
members in the front s-ats who are '
endeavoring to attract his attention
by cries of " Mister Speaker I" in every
note in the gamut, accompanied by
frantic gesticulations, and "recog
nizes" some quiet person beyond them.
" I have been a member of the House
three successive sessions," said an in
dignant Tennessean who had vainly
tried to obtain the, floor, " and during
that time I have caught the measles,
the whooping-cough and theinflueu.a,
but I have never been abie to catch
the speaker's eye."
She Didn't Give Anythirg.
"Madame," the missionary began,
as he lifted his hat at the front door,
" I am soliciting for home charities.
We have hundreds of poor, ragged and
vicious children like those at your gate
and our object is "
" Sir I those are my own children '
A., .1 1L.. .1-... '
sue ii'ierro t, to, aim ino nay mat
front door slammed his toes jarred
every hair on his scalp-lock. Fret
"re.
!
THE CHIMNEY'S SONO.
Ore- 'I e chimney the uiirlit wiiulsnnjr
And the chanted melodj uo one knew;
t .o woman stopped as her bibe she
to sel,
And thought of the one rl.e had long since
tot,
And said, as her teartlropa hack she forced
" I hate the wind in the chimney."
Over the chimney the night wind sang,
And chmred a melody no one knew;
And the childrto said, ns they closer drew,
" 'Tis some whcli that U cleaving the black
night throagh
'Tis s fairy that justrhen blew,
Aud we fear the winuNai the chimney."
IHer the chimney the nij,'t wind sang,
And chanted u melody no one knew;
Aud the man, as he sat on his hearth below,
Said to himself: " It will surely snow,
And fuel is dene and wa.'es low
And I'll stop the leak in the chimney."
Over the chimney thatiir,lit wind sing,
And chanted a melody no one knew;
But the poet listened and smiled, for he
Was man, womin and cliild all ttiree,
And he said, " It's God's own harmony.
The wind that sings in the chimney."
Hret Harte.
HUMOR OF THE DAY.
If you don't want to loss your gun,
never let it go off.
Voti can't well sell your eyes, but
you can often lend an car to a good
purpose.
A bonnet coverel with birds does
not sing, but the fellow win has to pay
for it whistles when the bill comes in.
Xew York Commercial.
Some of the old railroad men are
thinking of a process to paralyze and
petrify tramps so that they can be
used as cross ten.--Pictiyune.
The orator remarked, " What lias
this country to expect after the Forty
seventh C ingress y and a hoarse whis
per from tie gallery responded, "The
forty-eighth."
When a man and h s wife engaged
in a debate the other night and the
dog g.t up and scratched to be let out
of the room, they concluded that it
was time to stop the discussion.
Did you ever shake bands with a
beautiful girl about twenty years of
age, who, instead of letting her hand
lie in yours like a sick lish, gave you a
good, hearty grasp? If you have, you
know what solid comfort is. lloeluder
Express.
Fashionable young club men of Xew
York, sans aims and sans br,ains, who
ape the British snob in their dress, are ,
called " dudes." We do not see much
economy in the new name. The old
titl", "idiots," contains only one nioro
letter. Norr blown II end' I.
There was a man lie had a clock,
His name whs Miutlu'w Mciirs ;
lie wound it re.nlar every day
For four and twenty yt :vs.
At last his precious timepiece proved
An eight -day clock to be.
And n madder man than Mr. Mears
You'd never wi:-li to see.
A man uptown made a wager with
a lady that he could thread a needle
quicker than she could sharpen a lead
pencil. The man won time, fourteen
minutes and forty seconds. It is
thought the result would have been
different if the wo nau had not run
out of lead pencil inside of five min
utes, Iforristoim lhmld.
A man was quietly munching on a
piece of pie in a saloon, Friday morn
ing, when a look of distress suddenly
displaced the serene expression op is
face. Taking something from be
tween his teeth, an I looking at it, lie
cried to the waiter, "lb re you, there's
a stone I found in this pie 1" Tin
waiter took it, glanced at it critically,
and handing it back, briefly said: "It's
t ! good to us ; you can have it."
Ih'ihuri News.
"And what, in the name of good
ness, is this?' asked Mrs. David Davis,
as the senat 'i' lugged something into
the room and dropped it at her feet.
" This is my shirt, darling, and i will
be greatly obliged if you w ill sew on a
button for me." "David Davis," said
the lady, sternly, "when you bring nie
your shirt 1 will sew on a button for
you, with pleasure, as becomes a loud
and dutiful wife; but just now, sir, I
must insist upon your removing this
circus-canvas from my apartment."
Cincinnati Enquirer.
A remarkable woman: Dr. Abe:
ncthy, the celebrated physician, was
never nioro displeased than by hearing
i patient detail a long acvouGt of
.roubles. A woman, knowing Aber
nethy's love of the laconic, having
burned her hand, called at bis house.
Showing him her hand, she said : " A
burn." " A poultice," quietly answered
the learned doctor. The next day she
returned and said: " Better." " Con
tinue the poultice," replied Dr. A. In
a week she mad ) her bust call and her
speech was lengthened to three words:
"Well, your feaV" "Nothing," said
the physician; "you arc the most sen
sible woman I ever saw." Harper's
Bazar.
Youthful Suicides.
Becently a writer, making some
general observations upon French
s (fairs, remarked upon the number of
children, of the ae of twelve and un
der, that annually commit suicide in
Paris. The writer speculated upon
tho motive that cotihi have induced
the little unfortunat s to co iimit the
act. But youthful suicides a'-c to be
found in (ho United States, also. If
statistics were taken, tho result would
probably be discovered to be startling.
Shame and fear have sometimes been
the motives, mingled, perhaps, ith
feelings of indignation. Thus chil
dren, aid particularly boys who had
received or who expected to receive
severe corpor.tl punishment, are fre
quently found to exhibit little or no
hesitation ir compassing their own
death YVe annot, suy that the evil
is on 1 he increase in the l.'nited Stares,
but it certainly does not seem to be
de r-ing. New York TeUgram.
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