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JP3 SVS( :1 I ' ' " ' - ' .1 mltiww .1 T- J ) -.:it YibiA, ,jvHuq ! '1 'I .1 Sfl (1 I Vol. XXXV. M g. L.ITTLEFIELD, PUBLISHES. KATES OF SUBSCRIPTION. TERMS Cash ik Adtakcb. Dally pap"", 1 year...... " " 6 months... m 8 " ... flow , 6 00 300 1 1 00 Weekly piper, 1 year " " 8 months 8 " copies 1 yesr.. " 10 " I .. . 950 150 1 00 13 00 23 00 To those who get up clubs of six or more sub scribers, one copy, gratis, will be famished. A cross X mark on the paper indicates the ex piration of the subscription. RATES OF ADVERTISING. Ten lines or one inch space to constitute a square. One square one Insertion $1 00 Each subsequent insertion 50 Liberal deduction, by special contract, to large idvertisers. Court advertisements will be charged 25 per cent higher than the regular rates, Special Noncas charged 50 per cent higher than ordinary advertisements. For advertisements inserted irregularly, 25 per cent, higher than ubusI rates will be charged. No paper in the South has advertising facilities mperior to the Staxdabii. Letters must be addressed to M. 8. LTTTXEFIELD. 7 HOUSE AND FARM. To Relieve Choked Cattle. When an ox or cow gets choked, strap tip a fore lefj and make the animal jump. The ob struction will fly out. Soot. This article is highly recommend ed for keeping the striped bugs from Tines. It is a good thing as a protection from in sects, and as a manure for most garden vegetables. Good farming is thus defined : It consists in producing as great quantities as possible S vegetables that do not exhaust the soil, id selling them in an animal rather than a regetable form. Three definitions : To mulch soil is to cover with gome vegetable refuse ; to manure is to blend with the soil substances rich in plant food ; to cultivate is to stir often and root out weeas. Lands that are overstocked not only yield less food, but the animals pastured upon them make a less yield in beef or milk than when the stock is in proportion to the ca pacity of the lands for producing food. A hungry light sand is not good for apple bees, neither is a heavy clay. Potatoes and corn furnish about as good, an analysis of toils for apple trees as any of our chemists can. Wherever they grow well we expect that apple trees will do the same. Take a sharp wire, watch your trees re gularly, and dig out the borers the moment jou see signs of their work. Haul the earth stubble, grass and weeds away from the crown of the root so that it will be exposed, and you can see the enemy whenever he makes a mark. Top Dbes8 the Meadows. Ii possible apply manure to your meadows immediately after clearing them of hay, especially on those places where the grass is light Even muck is a good application for this purpose. We think it one of the most economical methods of using manure to apply it to meadow lands in the tall, or on grass lands intended for com another year. Its value is confirmed by the practice of our best tanners. The following ant-trap may probably be used to advantage : Procure a large sponge, wash it well and sponge it dry, which will leave the cells quite open ; then sprinkle su gar over it, and place it where the ants are troublesome. They will soon collect upon the sponge anl in the cells. It is only neces sary to dip the sponge in scalding hot water, which will wash them ont dead. Re peat the process and it will soon clear the house of every ant Dogs Sucking Egos. A correspondent of the Country Gentleman says : Give the dog a rotten egg boiled. The manner in which it should' be done is this :'Take the egg from the boiling water, put it in the dag's mouth and shut his jaws together, crushing the egg. It must be done before the egg gets cool, so that it will burn him. Be sure to let the dog see the egg when you put it in bis mouth. How to apply manure. After the field has been ploughed and dragged down the manure is loaded on wagons and taken di rectlyto the field and spread on the land right from the wagons. In ploughing each land is laid off about twenty-one feet wide. By driving the load in the middle of the land it can easily be spread from furrow to fur row, and the men being on the wagon can at once see when they get it all even. The newest thing under the sun is graft ing potatoes. The mode ot operation is to take two potatoes, one of each variety, the good qualities of which it is wished to com bine. With a pocket knife cut all the eyes clearly ont of them, and substitute in their itead the eyes cut out of tbe other. The eyes to be inserted should be sprouted and cut in the form of wedges and inserted into cuts of the same shape and size in the other potato ; they are held in their place by hair pics, end bound with bass matting or twine. A steam plow experiment in New Jersey lately was entirely successful. In view of the scarcity and changed condition of labor in the South, the probabilities arc that even tually fanners having large tracts of lands to cultivate they will triturate the soil with plows driven by steam. Why should not every very large farm have its steam engine, the power to be applied to a multitude of services upon the place ? A little ingenuity might make a small portable steam engine to do so much general work that a farm of a thousand or two acres could be run by a cry icw nanas. PicKLKo Cucumbers. I have, after try ing various ways to save cucumbers, found the following tbe best Make a pickle as follows: one part vinegar, two parts water, three parts salt to which add four ounces of horse radish for every half barrel. Fill the task, or whatever vessel is to hold tbe pick 's, half full of this pickle; pick the cucum bers with the butt of the stem on, and wipe "id put them into the vessel. When it is full, place a cloth over the encumbers and a ward nicely fitted over the cloth. A stone should be placed on the board to keep the encumbers under the pickle. When needed or use, soak and put them into vinegar, as uai. uor.of the Umntry (HnUtmm. A Remedy foe Cabbage Lick. A writer n the FarmerC Advocate says that a cheap n effective remedy for this insect is within S V jfe reach of all. As soon as tha plant be- r'J&MMJuuio&uthe louse makea '"Vpearance, open the leaves carefully the fingers and SDnntue common salt jrween them. This is said to be an infalli yfc remedy. We have used it with entire success. Plants used in this way produce larger and more solid heads than those left to themselves. ?tbe fob Bloat oh Hovek. A Pennsyl vftian communicates to the New York Far nirs' club the following -remedy for cows tiiated from eating clover : "Take half a pit of salt and cover it with water, ssd i&j itn the animal's back over the kidneys, al have the skin thoroughly impregnated th the brine, particularly where the Hunch adheres to the pleura, on the left te, just back of the last long rib." This f said to be infallible if given fifteen inutcs before the animal would otherwise Ml Moee FtAX Wahted. The cultivation flax is daily increasing in importance aa iroduct of western soil. Its value hither has been greatly underestimated, inas lch as it was raised for the seed only, tile the fibre was allowed to go to waste : bi fee t within the last few years machinery has f en constructed to work up that article to .vantage and the product is now exten- Jut 'elv used for covering bales of cotton. 3ec cover a crop of $3,000,000 bales of cot- lone a, 20,000,000 yards of bagging are required, ill j a cost ol about 5,000,000. MAHUBB8 asd Top-DHKssraoa fob Gbasb Lands. The following lime compost says Professor (Tanner, of Birmingham, of great value, and will be found especially use ful when die land ii mossy. To mike this compost the Professor states that the scour, inf of ditches, roads, scrapings, weeds, sods, bog earth, and in fact any vegetable matter not suitable for tbe farm yard manure-heap should be collected and inter mixed with lime, fresh from the kilns, and partially slaked with water, The propor tion of lime to the vegetable matter should be one cart load to three of the refuse mat ter, if peculiarly rich in vegetable matter if poor, the proportion ot refuse to the lime may bo increased from three to nine cart loads. The mixed heap may rest for four or six months, then be turned over and well mixed, this being repeated a month before using it It should be applied at the rate of SO loads per acre, at the commencement of spring, and after being spread, the land should be dragged, rolled, and bush-harrowed. ; The same authority gives the fol lowing caution in using guano, nitrate of soda, or other nitiogeneous manures, as top dressings for grass lands, which, in too many cases, are rendered useless, if not positively injurious, to the land, by the manner in which it is subsequently dealt with. Being a powerful fertilizer, and very quick in ac tion, a rapid growth of grass follows their employment, and the result is, it thus be comes such a temptation for the scythe that few are able to resist it The crop is cut, and in proportion as the soil is light in its character; and generous in its nature, it be comes impoverished, and the herbage weak ened by the injudicious use of a stimulating manure. This does not happen upon stronger and more retentive soils, which are slower in their action, and hence more du rable. In the nse of these stimulating ma nures, it should be remembered that they excite tbe growth of vegetation in such a manner that not only is tbe manure which has been applied taken up, but it ttimulata the plant to fresh energy in search of food from other sources, the soil and the atmos phere. If, therefore, tbe crops were con sumed upon tbe land, its fertility would be very much increased, and a future crop might be removed with far less injury to the land ; but this is seldom done, and hence guano and similar manures are often con demned as injurious to the quality of the herbage after the effect has passed off. The combined use ol superphosphate of lime with the guano, is far less preferable to the use ot tbe latter alone. Where farm yard dung cannot be obtained, the following composts and manures are recommended by a practical authority : Near towns, where dung may be purchased Manures, 3 tons ; earth 8 tons; common salt 1 cwt This should be well mixed and turned, and well watered with liquid manure. Where shoddy can be obtained, but mature cannot Shoddy, 1 ton ; earth, 3 tons ; bone-ash, 1 cwt-; common salt, 1 cwt; sulphate of mag nesia, 1-2 cwt ; mixed, well-watered, and turned twice. Where soot is easily availa ble Soot, 8 cwt, or 32 bushels; earth, 8 tons ; bone-ash 1 cwt; sulphate of magne sia, 1-3 Cwt; mixed and turned once. Gu ano may be employed in the following econ omical and efficient mixture best Peruvian guano, 2; 1-2 cwt; common salt, 1 cwt; sul phate ot magnesia, 1-2 cwt; earth, 1 ton. Rape-dust may be used economically, and for a change efficiently, thus rape-dust, S cwt; common salt 1 cwt; earth, 3 tons. Gbkejt Makubb ahd Greek Foddeb fob Stock. Clover is by far the best of grass es or grains to plough under for green ma nure. Wheat, barley, oats, timothy, red top, Hungarian grass and all the rest are much inferior.! But on soils where clover does not catch readily, oats sown in the fall do well. These may easily be tried . in the South. I Our cow-peas will be still better. But with us the best thing of all is to keep more stock. Save every particle of our barn yard manure, and keep tbe stock yard full of swamp muck, leaves, coarse grass and all loose material. On the seacoast we mnst learn to feed stock with green fodder. It is the easiest, the cheapest and the best way to keep our cows, mules and horses. We can then bring them to the yard and sbed every night, and with a dozen pigs in the yard, we can 'make cords of a fertilizer greatly superior to any commercial manures. We can thus improve our animals and our land at the same time. We must keep more stock in. the low country. If it is bard to get a gdod sod for pasture or a hay crop, we can supplement our scanty pasturage by feeding in part oats, peas and corn, green, during the summer, and curing them for winter fodder. Tbe lack of pasturage seed be no obstacle to us on the seacoast We must keep stock and make our own fertil izers. To keep np, much less to improve our nearly exhausted lands with purchased fer tilizers, will make our planters forever poor and harrassed. On planti ng for the purpose of " soiling," the American Stock Journal says : " Corn may be sown either broadcast or in drills. If broadcast, about a bushel and a half of seed will be required to the acre, and harrowed in. If in drills, they may be drawn from two to two and a half feet dis tant from each other, so that the space be tween can be worked by a cultivator to keep down the weeds and improve tbe crop; some prefer this mode on that account, oth ers think there is no advantage in it over tbe broadcast system. It is well to have a suc cession of planting two or three weeks dis tant from each other, so as to keep up a longer supply and later in tbe season ; as we do not know just when a dry spell may come on, nor i how long it may last Some sow rye for the purpose, others millet or Hunga rian grass. Rye should be sown not later than the middle of June, earlier would do better. ' Millet may be sown as late as tbe first of July." In many closely populated regions, dairies are kept entirely on crops fed green in sum mer and cured for winter. With clear water and a little room for exercise, horses and all animals thrive ; cows give a greater quanti ty of better milk. It is very easy for us to do this in whole or in part We can sow every acre of cleared land to oats, corn or peas ; feed a part green, cure a part for win ter focUer, and plough under tbe rest to fer tilize tke land. We can purchase more cat- tie and cows, keep them in yard at least half tne time, ana mace our own leniuzera. Thus the farm enriches itself and its owner. Boutk Carolina fiepublican. ' Geowhg Corn fob Green Foddeb. Corn for green fodder should be sown, not broadcast but thickly, in rows three teet apart, so that it may be "tended" b y hone power.! At this width the cultivator will past through the rows without danger, and r- i i .i - . 1 ,1 : 1! . , ll we seeu is mien iu iue uruis, iiiiib iusb than twenty five kernels to the foot), it will, on rich land, form so busby a growth as to nearly occupy the whole space. The sow ings may be continued at intervals until nearly or quite the first of August Tbe rows being marked out, by chaining or witn tae plow, tne corn may be sown quite rapidly by band, and covered with the feet, and then well rolled down. , Or, which is much better, it may be put in with a wheat drill, by taking out all but the middle and th tiro and teerh, and topping tbe dis charges trom the nopper except over these This will bring the rows at about tbe proper distance apart, and the quantity of seed may be easily regulated so as to give the requisite thickness in the drill. Cora sown in this way needs no additional covering beyond what a roller, will give it Should it not be needed for feeding in its green state, it may De bound in small bundles, and cured in long shocks made around a rail supported by crochets or stakes. When cured it forma a nutritious fodder. American AgricuUwritt. A Kicking - Cow. Robert Eennicut of Warren, & L, gave the following directions how to manage her:- . , . "Take a small chain, 'put it around her just back of the fore-legs and twist it Ev ery time sue kicks add a turn or two with a stick ; she will soon stand easy, and after a few trials will not need it at all. We con sider it here a good thing, and, as far as I have heard, it is universally successful." , . The same writer advised the application of sweet-oil for warts on cows teats. Ap ply twice a dayi;;..-; : .,. ;a..a -. .. Sair with Manure. The Independence Beige mentions that experiments, ranging over a period of 36 years, prove- that salt mixed with all kinds of manure tends to in crease the power of production in the ratio of 250 per cent ' Common sea-water where easily obtainable is equally efflaeat v CloVkb! as Maitcbh fob 'WhbAt,- tit Voelckw, Who is pretty good scientific au thority, in! a recent lecture says that if farm ers can succeed in getting a good crop of clover, they are almost certain to get a good crop of wheat "At first sight it seems contradictory to say that you can remove a very large quantity of mineral and organic food from the soil, as in the case of clover nevertheless it is a fact that the larger the amount of mineral matter you remove In a crop of clover, and the larger amount of ni trogen that is carried off in a crop of clover hay, the richer the land becomes." An enor mount of nitro-genous organic matter is left in the land after the removal of the clover crop, and this gradually decays and furnish es ammonia, which, at first, during the cold er months of the year) is retained by the well known absdrbing properties which all good wheat soils possess. Investigation shows that ammoniacal salts in the soil are rapidly transformed into nitrates. ' As am monia is gradually formed by the decompo sition of clover, it is much better saved by the large amount of vegetable mat ter thus left in the soil. So the benefit derived from the growth of clover is very much greater than can be secured by a di rect application oi nitrate of soda. Tbe bit ter is not retained in the land, not even in elay soils, but passes through like a sieve. But while nitrate of soda may be readily washed out of the soil, the principal advan tage of clover roots and leaves is, that in de caying they furnish a continous source from which nitrates are produced for the use ot growing plants. If some nitrates pass off, there is an enormous accumulation of decay ing organic matter left. The clover roots and leaves are not all at once changed into ammonia, as there is a gradual but complete series ot chemical transformations, which is highly conducive to the gradual develop ment of fertilizers from the clover plant Whereas, by using nitrate of soda there is s risk of having it washed away. So there is more certainty of growing a good crop of wheat through the instrumentality of clover, than through the direct supply of nitrate of soda. , Pbuntko Treks. Set a green hand to prune trees when limbs of any size are to be removed, and tbe chances are, ten to one, that he will commence at the top, and saw through the limb, until it falls by its own weight ; tearing down the bark and wood, inflicting a great, ugly wound, which may require years to heal, and which if not care fully protected from the weather, will cause such decay as to destroy the tree. The method commonly recommended to prevent such injury is to begin at the bottom, and cut half way through, and then finish from the top. or, with very large limbs, to have them supported by a crotched pole or pitch fork held by an assistant below ; but we have found a better plan, and quite as easy, to be to make two cuts, the first at a conve ient distance, say a foot, from the point where we wish the limb removed. This short stump can, except in the case of very large limbs, be easily held in one hand, while the final cut is made with the other. After a large limb is sawed off, the sur face should be pared smooth, and for this purpose, we have frequently found a com mon carpenter's chisel, about two inches wide, much more convenient than a pruning knife. To prevent decay there is nothing better than one or two coats of good oil- paint; and it should he as near the color of the Dark as possible, so as not to disfigure the treci All tools used in pruning should be of the best quality and kept as sharp as possible; it is poor economy to use any others. .Limbs are sometimes cut too close, but for every such one there are a hundred not cut close enough. Every cut, large or small, should be made in a smooth, clean, workmanlike manner; a poor workman is soon known by hacking off a limb with a dull knife, leaving as many faces as on a multiplying glass. Journal of Horticulture. Butter vs. Cheese. A writer in tbe Aurora Beacon thus balances the account : Farmers' wives usually make their butter; yet I thick six cents per pound would be a small reward for skimming the milk, churn ing, and keeping pans and utensils clean, taking care of and marketing the butter. Tbe price of making cheese is two cents to two and a half cents per pound ; the cost of drawing tne miiK to tne factory, and draw ing home the whey, is from hall a cent to one cent per pound ef cheese. With cheese at twenty cents, and butter at forty cents which is near tbe market value of eacb, we will see how the account stands ; two ' or three-fourths pound of cheese at twenty cents per pound, gives fifty-five cents; making and drawing milk, three cent per pound, gives eight and one-fourth cents ; net value of milk, forty-six and three-fourth cents. The same amount of milk would make one pound of butter worth thirty-eight to forty cents per pound ; cost of making and mark eting, six cents ; leaving thirty two or thirty-four cents for the milk, showing a defi ciency ir loss of twelve to fifteen cents on each pound of butter. ' Will the butter ni&a- be any better off next summer, when he sells his butter for twenty-five cents per pound, and pays twenty cents per pound for his cheese i Grazing Meadows. It is great folly to suppose that meadows composed of natural grasses are injured by grazing. Mowing annually will soon weaken any grass-land, but grazing with cattle and sheep will quickly improve it, if the coarse and sour portions of the fields are kept down, so as not to Dave a ton per acre left on it to pro tect tbe roots next winter, as some people recommend. To prevent the animals from eating very bare in places and leaving other parts untouched, some application will be desirable, according to the composition of tbe sou, which will induce them to eat up the rough parts, if it is sown on early in the season ; salt in moderate quantity will answer the purpose, and plaster will help, or ashes ot any Kind win sweeten the navor. Alternate grazing and mowing is an excel lent plan on old grass land and do not be afraid of eating the roots or be fooled into the belief that it is wisdom to stock light; but when well and evenly grazed all over tbe surface, it is good policy to take the stock off it very early in tbo autumn, - par ticularly when it is to be mowed the next year. Country Gentleman. ' Mr. W. C. Strong, chairman of the fruit committee of the Massachusetts . Horticultu ral Society, well says, in his annual report r I served an apprenticeship ot twenty-lour years in good old Connecticut, .and grew and ripened as good peaches, pears, grapes, etc, as 1 ever saw grown elsewhere, it only needs thought, knowledge of soil, and adap tation of plant or tree thereto to grow fruits just as satisfactorily and conclusively in the New England States as in Illinois or Kan sas in fact I doubt if there is half the trou ble to contend with. But the Yankee, when transported West, makes up his mind he is going to succeed, and he does it There are lota of hillside ledges in New England most admirably adapted to grapes, .and with a little use of artificial screens they could grow peaches every year. There's "lots" of valley land most capital for strawberries, raspber ries, etc., and the talk about the. apple, or years ago is all nonsense. . How to Keep Butteb Sweet. It is tbe easiest thing in the world. ' Simply put it in clean jars and cover with ' a strong brine, i This will keep. pure butter 4 year, : fresh ahd sweet, as we know by experience. It is almost equally as good to put in oak casks, beaded tight This it equivalent to canning fruit The brim in the case of the jar act as a heading, keeping tha air out But butter should be made well -f we nave never experimented on poor butter. Work out the buttermilk till you have only pure ".beads.1' clear as rain water: but do not work so much as to break the "gmn, - in which case you have a tough, beavy arttcla in winter, and grease in summer. Such but ter we advise no one lo try to preserve. Cor. Sural Warld. ' ' Seed ' ' Fertilizers. Boussingault, ; a French authority on agricultural chemistry; recommend the use of phospbator of lime,, nitrate of eoda'dnd wood. asheb,;;ugr and soot have also been, recommended, tor has tening the germination of seeds, especially wheat The proportions of sugar, a pound to the bushel,' sufficteD ;aoot to: make the mixture t black as ukf .water to make the compound as thick as . cream. Let them stand thirty or forty hours, and then stir in the grain,.' Humboldt hastened the germi nation of seeds, by soaking them in chlo rine water.' Prairie Farmer. . , .- a;i; , .; :-"' : :;.z Gapes it (cki The dlseasecrJnsiBtg at least ao far as actual symtoms extend' in a number of small worms that , infest . the windpipe,-and cause the .poor, chicken,; to gap for breath. It taken early, it will be sufficient to give every day a inorsel f cam-' phor the size of a grain of wheat, and to put camphor in the drinking -water; or a. little turpentine may be given-daily in meal ; ta king care, tof course, that the deficienoes in . diet and shelter be amended.;'. In fully de veloped cases, the Worms' thust be removed by introducing a loop of horse, hair in the trachea, and turning it round during with drawal; the operation to Be repeated sever- al times, till all the worms aflpear to' bV ex-'; tracted. A. feather, stripped almost to . the '' top, may be used instead of the horsehair ihe trequent occrranceot gapes is a digrace to' any poultry yti.-Practical Poultry' FASHIONS. VI The short jaunty walking' suits will be- much in vogue: this fall and, winter. - Fall importations are already arrived and the cry is 'Feathers."... .The value f these airy com-' modifies will be enhanced respectively from fifty to a thousand' 'per cent:'' i : n.) i i ll . The question of Tittle boys' icortumes Up to four or five years old, according to their, height, for some boys a year old look quite a year younger, seems satisfactorily settled with the short pleated skirts and jackets, with cut out basques, in' i the Scotch style.' Boys are uniformly thus r-dresaed from two and a hall and three veers, old to the age above mentioned. The skirt and jacket-are made of brown holland, white or buff pique, poplin, merino or cashmere,' : For very little boys, we see the low jacket-bodice of brown holland, prettily trimmed with red braid. A small Picador hat, with a straight aigrette completing the dress: ! -. . :- .; The white pique is ornamented with braid work, in white or black the woolen mate rial, merely edged with silk braid and small silk buttons to match ; just in front the skirt is quite plain, and it is fastened at the side under large rosette of the braid or soutache of the trimming.,... No petticoat are worn underneath, bqt poly wide, short white drawers, which scarcely show under it, leaving the leg partly bare tor the sock is short and scarcely seen above the button ed kid but Such is the transition dress be tween babies' short frocks and wide sashes, aud boys' knickerbockers - and blouse or jacket It is a very becoming costume, too, for a little boy... i ... ., ..,-,..( For littlo girls we notice extremely pretty brow holland frock made in the Princess shape, and ornamented with braidwork in white, red, blue or black soutache. . This trimming is partly of plain, and partly of waved worsted braid. It is put on all round the bottom of the skirt, and in the shape of an apron in front ' The square low bodice and short sleeve are trimmed to cor respond. '-I''! .;.-.,lT, Not only little girls, but young ladies wear very frequently a fichu of the same material as the dress by way of out-of-door mantle. These are not quite the . Marie Antoinette fichus of last year, with long lapels tied at the back; in front they have 'short lapels, crossed and passed under the waistband, to which the point of the fichu at the back is also fastened. The latter is ornamented with a bow or loop of ribbon, or of the same material :,i : -' '" '::'" "' ' : Sashes of the same material as the dress are generally worn with simple costumes, for which a wide ribbon sash corresponding in color would be deemed too expensive. These sashes of the same material are preferable to a black ribbon sash -which is not so fash-' ionable this yearunless with a black dress, or one with a black pattern over a white or colored ground a favorite style both in fancy materials and foulard this season. ' Bonnets made on purpose for the young and beautiful, are quite serial-looking coiff ures; delicate flowers forming a diadem, a butterfly or humming bird hovering over them, and a lace barb falling at the back or gracefully fastened upon the bosom with a lower. Such are the dainty coiffures worn this summer at the casino or on the beach of fashionable watering places. . A pretty model of this style is trimmed with maize-colored ribbon ; a black agirette and branch of yellow Scotch roses are pjaced in front Black lace border and lapels. ; ,. A. tasteful bonnet of a round shape is of narrow colored straw; lined with- crimson silkf a scarf of brown gauze is lengthened into lappets. Upon the bonnet there is a bunch ot poppies ot a rich enmsom tint, with a trailing branch of furze and foliage at tne bacJc Black lace is, as we have already men tioned, extremely fashionable this summer. Some are very artistically ornamented with .bunches of white currents, a bunch of the current tree. For toilettes de viste we have robes a trains in pale gray poult de soie, the jupe trimmed with a double fringe one plain, tbe other richly ornamented and formed behind into threo scollops bordered with a deep bouillonne of gauze "a pus contra ries " framed within a ruche chicorec. The high corsvge is ornamented with a bouil lionne and fringe, and the sleeves 1 a sabots' are trimmed with ruches of poult de soie and gauze. Tbe inevitable bow of tbe sash is an elaborate combination of ruches and bouillonnes, the ends terminating in deep ornamental fringe. , Jupes courtes in taffeta glace with almost imperceptible stripes are trimmed with nu merous small alternate flounces, now of their own material, and then of the light bright bright-colored material of which the tunic open at tbe sides and oouttanto bemna is made. , , , . These minature flounces, known as " fri- setts," have occasionally a broad piping torming a double head, and diminish in depth as they rise to meet the tablier of the tunic, which, altogether with tbe corsage, its little rounded cape and tight sleeves are trimmed to correspond having frequently in addition to a rich fringe formed of trellis. small balls and end ct floss silk. When the nnderjupeisof some positive though pale shade ot color, the flounces ot its own mate rial with which it is trimmed are frequently alternated with bands of embroidered mus- . A robe of sky blue faye a demi-traine trim mod with rich guipure and starting from the waist underneath a rounded basque, to the sides of which it is attached by bows of lace and taye. In front ot tbe skirt a tablier is formed by rows of guipure arranged trans versely. With tne low corsage trimmed with i guipure and supported by braces of guipure between biais ox faye, and which is open in front, a chemisette of tulle illusion is worn, the loose sleeves of which have plaited guipure and a biais of faye at the ttscu.; i .. . i . . '; A robe of pale rose color taffeta, trimmed at tbe bottom of the skirt with innumerable ganae tncbea, has a tunio of silvery gray gauze icaught up all around with roses; rosebud are, moreover, fixed at the corsage in the hollow of each shoulder, almost under the arm.-1 ! - .- . .-. . ' :.'"( " ii " : v - '..' l Auotner roue conrte, trimmed with a deep plisse, headed by a bonniIlone,is worn with a tunio of white silk, embroidered over with small boqucts of flowers and ornamented with a ruche of the same shade as the iure. The low oorsago is usually completed by a lace ficbu or a pelerine trimmed with lacsi the long end ef which, crossed upon the i-nest, pass oeneatu tbecemture behinoUl As we have the j"Patrien. chapcau, so have we the " Patrie . robe, rather too hot. however, for present wear, as it is iu .black taye trimmed witn vandyked flounces bound with ambercolored satin., The tunic is ar ranged to be worn either long 'or short, a oerding to fancy: ar ft can "be; 'ready eanght rip on j either' W'e sfcWIrts'1Werieolor liningJ 'Id fronl'is i feblM-bordered'-With a .ro w jof amTJelmect eequeVana closed -IB behind With black and' amber 'toowai 'The two' pockets are ornamented with carti-col- ' ored rosettes, and fringed with corn-hape4 xirops. . wa ma low .corsage, which haa, epaulettes amber-lined coqucs, and is trim med with a similar fringe, a bertha of puffed lace-is worn., , ine uau-open, sleeves,, bor dered with a double ruche, show lace slcsvcf .beneath. ,,;, , , , '' i " I a-'h -'''j ' I -yf-an fcst Tcspormble fit lU tiewt of AU Communication' intended for puUica tio9iUttbt accompanied by, the name of .the author:' name unU tnot.be pubiitheorrr v nleu ly it but we require it at a guarantee, of good faith. Editor" of .Jv.'n-j ;ii:,iu;v.t;- ,th ..- Stahdabu 3 fl m -.'.! L tor tha Standard. Snot's. N. C; Aug. 18. 1899. iU01 Editor Standard Dear Sir : A frieud Tias ,jttstl'c(illed my attention to the follow- Rutherford Stat of the i2th instant: are informed that ttie arithor 01 the Holden Jbcord, a .campaign doenmeht which abused Gov. Holden more and with better I sucaess thaait was ever done, now enjoys a ta- f crative ooeitlQB on tbe North Carolina Riilroad. which was given him by my friend Billy Smith, who made the speech at Salisbury denouncing the corruption, pf the North Carolina Legisla tors, ana que. oi uov. noiaen s Directors - on the Wilmington; "Charlotte & Rutherford Ball Road. ' Wei merely ask to know ii it can be so, H It Is; it is another straw, showing that Gov. Holden baa been leaving tbe Republican part lor Bomeuiaot . .-.rr r ; .. . :t Can the Standard tell us anvtbinz about tbe matter?- I ;n:--x4 :. I . . ', ;. I apprehend' that I should, in the but- set, apologize for asking tbe use of your columns to nabliclv notice an attack which. on account of tile meagre circulation of the paper in Winch It appears, can scarcely be called a .phbli6' charge: I am satisfied from the appearance of. the Stajtdabd and my knowledge ;q i(s .editor, that, neither his time nor inclination woiild permit . his pry ing into the minutise of blatters so foreign to his duty as -a journalist, to the extent of ascertaining!! past occupation , and pecu liar views of every employee of the differ nt Kaiiroaosi m tne Htate..., Therctore, Mr. editor, you will pardon my concluding that, perchance, you are unable to-give the infor mation sought by the enterprising editor of tms inquiring sheet !-nit it,'-. .' v In view ot his nianifest need of informa tion! I will proceed to do' so; and also, to answef the other false assertions of the Star to which, it is charitable to Conclude as a palliating circumstance,;that an utter want of information gave rise. , Since I have been intrusted 'Whh the management of the North Carolina Railroad, it has been iny purpose, to know thoroughly its employees; and to allay the anxiety of the Star and its mana gers, who, for some time, have exhibited a peculiar interest in this road, I will state that the author ot the tlolden Jsecora is not now, nor has he been, during my administra tion, in any manner connected with this road. Mr. Helper was' the ostensible, and so far as I know; the real author of the JJolaen icecora, and should be apply to me for a situation judging from the tenor of the ' Star and should I feel inclined to ap point him to a position, where bis services as a traduccr of tbe character of our patriot Governor, would be acceptably received and highly appreciated,; I would, unhesitatingly, direct him to the ownert of the Star for eni- ploymenlj as its chief Editor. . 'A due regard lor the interests ot the state and Stock hrtklors has induced me to dis charge many employees of . tbe road, both Republicans and Democrats, because, upon trial, I fopnd them utterly incompetent and -worthless: ahd in some instances have dis charged parties because bf their unmanly in trigues, (while 'in positions, Which they sought, to advance their own selfish schemes; and-had I the .power associating both these reasons would furnish cause, amply sufficient, for the discharge of at least one of tbe superior Court judges ot this state., if there is iny man in the employment of this Company who opposed Gov. Holden's elec tion, he is some clever business man, who has long since repented of his sins, is content to look after what concerns him, and is, now, for tbe Governor and the great National Con- eervatite Republican Party, which will when the people vote again, consign all narrow minded,extreme proscriptionists to oblivion, thereto ternaiu. ,. This newspaper, tbo Star, is conducted ,in the interest ot its ownert and manager! in furthering their designs upon still more lucrative and eminent posi tions, while they are notoriously incompe tent to nil those they now occupy, in com mon: with small minded men, tbey have sa gacity -enough and only enough to per- ceiye that their own success is measurably dependent, not upon their own ability, but upon the rivalry they are to meet in the con test foe future honors. Hence tbey cry out on mcnofliberal views,and especially those who have successfully filled tbe positions assigned them, add have met the approval of all fair minded knen ol . whatever political faith, Why this allegation in the Star against Gov ernor Holden s orthodoxy as a true Repub lican ? iWhy this charge that he has gone over to the Democrats T It requires no pen ctrating. perception to discover, when we consider that it is made by men, who have lulled to meet their own party expectations in positions for which they are indebted to Uovcrnox rioiacn and ins mentis, wnue ne and the great host of liberal minded Repub licans PepuUkans from principle have, with the exception of the malcontents, won the universal applause of their own party. and, by their able administration, wrung from the opposition an unwilling confession of their ability and fitness. : How, Mr. Editor, there is a certain class of men who must shrink back into their original insignificance, under the march of true republicanism, 'wnicn win strise the shackles from our own people, give the abil ity of many, heretotore-banned, to the country, and afford the"Rcpublican party a wider held, lrom which to select its candi dates, than a single lawyer for Judge, who chances to be the onlv one eligible in a par ticular Judicial district under tbe restric tions of the fourteenth article. . These men see this, and hence their impotent rage against snch as claim their positions through merit and not accident. Now this same knowing editor asserts that I made a speech at Salisbury "denounc ing the corruption of the Legislature." This assertion is in reckless disregard of truth, fur it evidently was made without in formation, or it is deliberately stating what is not so. I made no such charge. ..., I said that extravagance in Railroad appropria tions had marked the career of the present Legislature, and I furthermore said, that the different railroads proposed, if built, would prove detrimental to the interest of the H. U. K. Road, with two exceptions, tbe W; JN, O: R. Road and the N. W. N. C. R. Road, I am a cautious man, with a proper regard for truth, and that love for my race, which renders it nnpleasantto discover.and more so to proclaim, corruption in any ot my fellow- men ; and as as an evidence of this, 1 will call the attention of the Star to the fact that I have never yet even charged the Peniten tiary Committee ' with corruption in Its real estate y transactions in. Chatham county, and never will unless corruption is proven. Ialso.inthissDeechat Salisbury. endeavored to show, and did show, to the stockholders, it their vote was any evidence of the fact (which stood' 594 against con solidation, and 2045 for it) that the consoli dation of the North Carolina Railroad with the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad. according to the provisions of the bill which passed the Legislature oh that subject, would prove Juinous. to this road, and that the fact of the Legislature having passed such a Ml1 was no reason why the State or indi vidual iBtockholdcrs should vote for this des tructive oolicv." ' 1 -i ' '.litw ...i But what is the object of the puny efforts of -thej Weakly Star and those who: control its columns Jtis simply to make war up on thean to whom they owe: their own place, and notoriety,., and hi friends, be cause Goy. Hpldenr endorsed by good men everjjwjnere, witp his characteristic noer afity zealously fevors the extension of uni versal bardoB and' amnesty to all . He and his rid friends think that the war upon our own ieople has continued long enough; and they are unwilling to-' see them oppressed when" there is no need for it,-and when the pardOnedi inaviloi 'great good in lending i tteir'afesistance .to- oust such .officials as have . mnvni themselves only coirvnotent to stir un ;tnieaiid apuse tneir beneiactpr. i ne xime nas came wnen an narrv lines. n&itlwV fHrmM-1 v Gmnl1 hn Awilialt- ed: ie iiMC3' which divided j the people, and made the two parties , in , this state, havej by the consurnniaUon..otuie jecon struction acts, ceased to exist . And now all good men, lovers . of their .States and their Government,' should- meet together ; in- one frit ahd obsebaii Conven tion, and finish the. organization of the true tegt I alt that would show no quarter to any extreme party of whatever denomination. . '. Yours truly, ', , ".; ," W. A. SMITH, President' ' N, C. Railroad Company. ,.'..'. ?ar ths Standard '. Rosetta Stond.,' - An object of interest has been . placed in the Library of the University, a fac-simile cast in plaster ot the iamous Kosetta stone, of the British Museum. It will be remembered that this stone. which wis Wtth'd lit the year 1800. at Roset ta in Egypt, bears Off it fa an inscription in three alphabets, fk: the Greek, the De motic or Enchorial and the HiwottlypllicV Soon after its: discovery an engraving' of it wa8 Mitayiea winch led to much study and .f?,, Bmriftd tfci Umtta t till the French scholar, ChampOllidrt, obtained from it the key to read the before undeCipbered hieroglyphics of Egypt .,, : .-. -iu i mi - - - 1 , f Tru , 1 ne inscription is in nonoroi rwiemy Fifth Epiphanea, who began to reign, B. C, An account of the progress of Champol- lion's discovery and its' results, especially the advantages which it offefttosaered crit icism, is given in a book by J. ti. it; wrep- po, Vicar Ueneral ol JJelley. Ureppo thus explains the first steps of the investigation, it being premised that the Greek inscription itself declares that it was to be engraved "in Sacred, in Enchorial and in Greek letters;'' "In tbe Greek text of the decree the name of Ptolemy often occurred, and many other prapef hamee .which were . foreign to the Egyptian laflgurtgA So in the hieroglyphic inscription, a group of sigh were observed to be frequently repeated, which were con t ained in the ovals or rings called cdrtowshet. By the last mark of distinction, as well as by its relative position in the text, the hier oglyphic group appeared to correspond with the name oi rtoiemy m tne urees inscrip tion. It might then fee1 supposed with' very great probability, that the sign clustered in the ring or cartouche, expressed phonetically the name of this prince; and this conjecture led to the expectation, that in decomposing the group to which such a signification was attributed, some of those first elements of alphabetic writing which were sought might .be found. ' ' Champollion procceeded to analyse the hieroglyphic group which he supposed to designate the name of Ptolemy ; and noting each of the signs which composed it, he be lieved that he recognized signs which were the equivalents of the letters P. T. O. L. M. E. S. It was impossible to mistake the name of Ptolemy, from which the first dif fered only by its termination, and (in a man ner common to all writings in the Sbcmi tish languages) by the suppression of its me dial vowels." ., Soon afterwards Champollion came across another hieroglyphic inscription on an Egyptian obelisk, containing besides the same name ot rtoiemy, anotner wnicn prov ed to be Cleopatra. From this beginning the whole system was laid open and the re cords have been disciphered on many stones and papyri, throwing a flood of light on tbe history of ancient Egypt." '. ' ! " V Plaster copies of the Kosetta stone are to be seen not unfrequently in this country, as at Yale, at Williams, and at Lafayette Col lege in Pennsylvania. At the last named institution some students, about ten years ago, published a brilliantly ornamented vol ume on tbe inscription. The University Library has received do nations of some fifty volumes during the vacation. It proposed to make it more ac cessible to tbe students than it has been heretofore. Any gifts, especially such a il lustrate the history of our State, will be thankfully received and acknowledged.' a. " Chapel Hill, August 21, 1868. . For the Standard. Raleigh Its Prosperity The Situation. : Raleigh, Aug. 24, 1869. Editor Standard -.-Passing through our city, as agent for a charitable institution, my opportunities lor seeing everything and hearing all the news, are rare, and enviable. Every household has its news, and this news is as varied as there are houses. Some talk religious news, some political news, and many descant oi tneir aomesuc con cerns, while others giaaty reier to me next State Fair, and still others, of the crops and the approaching dissolution of . this globe, on which we move and have our be ing. X UMBO Y III 1U UD MJfllva QIC lllbGlcauug and I never find that I am bored, throughout my entire circuit. - ... , It is a little surprising, however, that there are so few who feel inclined, or look upon it as a topic worthy ot note, the vast improvements that have been made, and are going on in our goodly city. For our means, we are going ahead of any of our sister cities in the state. Old fogyism has taken its flight, and the age progressive, is fully in' augurated. If splendid . buildings i . being built is a sign of prosperity, then we are in a Drosperous condition. It beauuruiiy de corated yards furnish evidence of peace re turned, then we are a reconstructed people, both prosperous and happy. And not only so, as regards private residences, out tne neatness which marks our Capitol and its grounds, is an argument that F arris is a man of taste, backed by a Governor, who is anx ious "to bring order out of Chaos." The Capitol and its grounds are objects of remark by all strangers who visit our city and just lv so. In the political conversations, incident to my rounds, it is pleasing to my feelings to find that the prejudices which have been ex isting against our Governor, brought about mainly by the teachings of the Sentinel, in the hands of its present editor, are passing rapidly away, and in their stead, feelings of respcct,and admirauon,are expressed ior uov. Holden, for the just and righteous stand which he boldly took, when, to do so, all will admit, was a game of personal hazard, ventured upon by but a very few. The en- sis has been safely passed and to-day, W, W. Holden has more mends among tne honest people of North Carolina, than any other man in the State, and the history of the ten years just gone, it written by an im partial pen, will place our Governor among the great and good men oi tne state. . it is a fact, not remarkable, however, that those who were his worst political and personal enemies, are now becoming his warmest ad mirers. il it were necessary, l might- cau . names but where the necessity, when it is a notorious fact, that even the Sentinel is as-: piling to lead the party now headed by W.' W.Holden? - ' : ;,: 1 But, Sir, I did not set out to write you a political letter. I wish to speak of our peo ple,, our city and its prospects, and in doing so, I can best commence by asking you to take a ride through our city and its suburbs, and on all sides, improvement is the order of the day. Buildings are springing up in every direction farms are being improved churches are .being remodeled, and the last resting places ot our dead are being beautified. All this, is the legitimate' work of reconstruction. . Public improvement are being made without reference to' politics, and this Is evidence ot a better state of feel ing among all classes. . In a futae communication, I propose to enter more in detail this, if you please, may be considered an introductory letter. : ; U. j ; For the Standard. Sad Affttir-A Man Killed. '' Mr. Editoe; The agent at Whitaker's Depot bn . the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, in Edgecombe county,' near the Halifax line; was killed this (Tuesday) morn ing. The circumstances that lead to the fa tal result as near as I can. leanv are. .these : Sometime last week a colored man by the namd of Stratford, Who was recently elected a Justice - of the Peace, for Dalmatia Town ship, in this county, was at - Whitaker's Depot, standing on the platform of the warehouse, and was in the way of the agent, Griffin, who, it is said, ordered Stratford to get out of his way, when Stratford told him (Griffin) that he was a man of authority, a Justice of the Peace and should stand where he pleased, whereupon , Griffin kicked or pushed him off the. platform.-,. Stratford then went to a Justice of the Peace, got out a warrant, and -this morning four colored men armed, went to arrest Griffin, when he refused to. surrender to them," and one of them shot him three times, with a pistol.' ... Tours truly, HAHFAX.'' Halifax, August 44th, 1869. ; : " Lie a tn;i The Hew Cotton Crop Fine Prospect for !.- s-'i ihe South. ' ' "- ' . , i -" " i ' -;; : i A few bales, and ,the first, of the new cotton crop .have, cqine,., the New "jTprk 7 marKet, say ihe Meraid.. . inat irom.ucor gi elascedj as W middling was jsold at auction for, tbirty-ix , cents pound, and that from Alabama .classed as strict mid,-' 41ing, 'brought forty-eight and a half cents. These, it is 'true, may be termedrather fancy prices, as, the first bsle.oir,, two, of the new cotton crpp always ..brim? more than those that come after, But it is an indication of what the price will be hereafter. We may conclude therefore, that the crop of 1869 will realize an immense sum pf money. This cropls variously estimated between two and a half millions of bales to three millions probably it may reach two millions seven hundred or two .millions eight hundred thousand bales. If the-, average price throughout the season of sales should not exceed twenty-five cents a pound- though from present appearances it will be higher than that the crop will be worth over two hufidred millions of dollars. From all the light before t there is reason to believe it will bring nearly that; sum in gold. ..This production, too, is in addition to the tobac co, sugar and other valuable crops of the 6outh for1 exportation. . Besides, that sec tion of the country, since the war has paid more attention to the raising of grain, corn, and other articles of food, and is now, per haps, independent, or nearly so, of outside supplies. In short, the South this year will have a surplus .production to be sold for cash over and . above the production of ne cessities;' worth, at least, two hundred mil lions of dollars. Who .will not say the South is becoming rich . again ? Wq must admire the wonderful recuperative power of the people there and congratulate them on the splendid prospect they have pf material prosperity. (.With more labor and capital to develop their resources the Southern States will become very soon the richest 'country on the globe. t, ... , . . , . The London Star follows the Times, Notes, Morning Post and Standard in advocating or acquiescing , in the prospective acquisi tion of Cuba by the United States. Such una nimity on the part of the leading British press, says the Chicago Tribune, cannot but reflect the sentiments of the British government and people. It is . the more remarkable as at. almost any previous epoch m. pur histo ry all England, Scotland; Wales, and half of Ireland (Would have bristled wifh indignar tioa -at the attempt to consummate the event which they now so warmly, advocate. The argument of the. Star is as follows: ' ;' " "As a naval and military position in the Gulf ol Mexico, Cuba is of great valae. Troops and a squadron 'would be required 'theri, but the people of America, with whom the acquisition of Cuba is so popular, would ' offer no objection to ettch an outlay. , There is no , reason for Great Britain to grudge their possession. Eng land's possessions in those seas are so exposed to attack at present that tbe danger cannot be augmented. In the interests of commerce, it 1b desirable that Cuba be " prosperous,- and her prosperity it mneb more probable . under, the American Government than a distressed colony or Spanish Bepublic", ... . . . .... . The maxim, that Great Britain can make more money out of foreign .communities by trading with them than by governing them, is getting a deep and practical hold on the English mind. But, in addition to this, the friendly disposition, exhibited by , the entire English press, on the. Cuban annexation question, is doubtless induced by a desire to conciliate American .feeling, deeply wounded by the conduct of Great Britain in our trying struggle.;. Respect for the higher virtue with which we have maintained our neutrality laws, and a -feeling --that- Cuba will gorge and satisfy the' American appe tite for annexation for a long time to come, and-. so doubtless delay , the., severance of Canada from the British Crown, also com bine to dcvclope the good will of our British Cousins.; i- ..,-; v1 Mil ,i ,:.:-tt !s.v . Austria. and Prussia' seem to have been in geniously misunderstanding each, other, says the New York Tribune, ard now are willing to approach an understanding with . ,the chance of becoming entangled again. It is not easy to make out from the maze of Baron von Beust's controversies the exact status of the dispute between .himself 'and the Prus sians. We know that; in the first place Count Bismarck hod fair cause to feel offend ed at the publication, by Austria, not a great while since, of what the Prussian jour nals stigmatized as garbled official dis patches, exposing King William's greed for territory after the battle of Sadowa. These dispatches were by Bismarck, and the meth od and circumstances of their publication are deemed offensive. Then we find that the Prussian organs have been attacking Austria's subservience to France in the Bel gium question, notwithstanding a , rumor that Count Bismarck was-willing to give up Belgium to France, if France would allow to Prussia perfect freedom of action in South Germany., i .Without expressing any opinion of this story, we may say that the present I controversy between . Austria and Prussia turns on the charge by Baron von Beust .of persistent coldness manifested by the latter -to his advances, r , Prussia denies this soft impeachment, and to-day we have the. ab: stract of a chapter of words from Baron yon Beust again,, 1 He - declares that .what he said in Parliamentary Committee ; was pri vate, and not .debatable diplomatically; but thathe will not withhold, his opinion on questions caused by inaccurate newspaper statements. . Again the Baron confesses that his envoy Wimpffen was instructed to ab stain from visiting Bismarck, on account of continuous and violent attacks on Austria in the Berlin papers 1 Evidently in Berlin and "Vienna newspapers are State papers. L The f.thatEastennesceJhe strong-. hold of disfranchisement, says the Knoxviile WMif, fcas given a decided majority for uni versal ffrage, will,. ; we.,,tni8t, have a very salutary influehce.upon the next Legislature. It would have been a misfortune if the Mid dle and Western division had gone oneway and the Eastern division the other, for the vote would have made the. lino of demarca tion deeper and . broader than ever. But East Tennessee who sent 20,000 men into the Union army, and.cever.bent the knee to the Baal of secession, has voluntarily offered the olive' -branch to her sister divisions,, and met them more; than half way in the peace-maker's work. f' We shall be greatly disappohited if Middle and West Tennes see dp not show themselves fully worthy of the confidence so generously reposed in them by the Eastern division. : ' -: : '" "-"" " , Advices iro.n a Radical source in Missk sippi' indicate the nomination of Albert G. Browne, Democrat, for' Governor, and the entire abandonment of the Dent utoveinent h - '" , .t , ' y-i?,- - , .... " . '- .. i , ' : Stokes accepts the situation and will not interfere with the, verdict of the people, '. ''' The confident German naturalist who pre dicted a' fearful earthquake in Peru on the 10th and 11th of August, say the New York, . , -J Tribune, will have a hard time it if hit prophesy has not been fulfffled, At own latest advices from South America, fiunilie were flying from Callao and Lima into the in? terlor.'andj the whole country wa, o to speak, knocking its kneel together. Why so much' implicit faith should have been put in the prediction of Prot Flab we don't know; but premonitory symptom of a great terrestrial convulsion are said to bo abun dant, and we shall -awaii newafronv-lima- with at any rtfodemble)ooitv,Y '..) '' ' ' From Apptoton' Jour yii I.i i " f ' Spectram Analysts j-.t.'r , . ' "Beyond all- comparl8on,ith' ;moet bril- liant and startling conquest -whJeh -tb so man mind has yet made over the domain of ai nature, consists of that group of diaeovenei , , which is described by the term SpectntmAn alysis. It provokes amazement in every , pect In the first plaoe,the development . have been made with a rapidity that is al-'"' most astounding; the wTTole"Thhig-hM le4nr done in ten yearn Dr. Wolhuton discover ed, in the year 1862, that by looking careful- -ly at the solar spectrum with a - spyglass, dark lines could be seen crossing it. In' 1865, Fraunhofer, a German optician, re-disr , , covered and made a map ..of several hun dreds of them, and from that time they were called, after him, ' IrmnAeftrt line, i. But few supposed that there waff the alight- ' est possible significance in them;' they wen regarded as mere optical curiosities, having , no higher use than to serve as landmark for measuringthe spaces of the coloredspeclrum But, in 1859, the two German ofiemishv Kirchoff and Bunsen, made the capita-.' discovery that each chemical element, .when, burning in a flame, gave out a light that Bad ,. its peculiar marks or lines, so thai these lines could become a mean of detesting the element.- A totally new mode of chemical , analysis was thus hit upon, far more deUoato than anything hitherto kuowiV Wfji : method, moreover, whioh wMcapablsw coming a revelater of the eenttitmtioiiitf ike universe. , Chemistry, at a single stroke. Wis - -fused with astronomy, and the universal 1. agent of light became the powerful, Krrant ot the laboratory. ' " At the very first step, several new ele ments were ' discovered, . the xirtenc-of which, had never before' been suspected. Examining with the spectrum the ash of some mineral waters. Prof. Bunsen thought : he saw tome lines which did not belong to j the substances already known. -He boiled down forty-four ton of J)urkheim spring water, and got a couple of hundred , ' grains of residue, from which he extracted .' ., two new. metals,, Caesium and , Rubidium,. which resemble potassium,. This Rubidium , . . has since been found in the ash. of oak, ot beet-root, of tobacco, coffee; tea and cocoa. " ' ','The spectrum analysis, however; is nut a mere instrument of original chemical, aa- ,.n. searches ;i it is a practical applicability, j ,e . The ' Bessemer process, v at it it Called, it 4 ' ' : method of converting cast iron directly tnto. 1 ,-. 1 steeL . Cast iron contain more carbon ith ; w , steel, and it is converted into steel by ,o burning this carbon -ont of the- saolton white hot mass by blast ol tmopb-.I( , ric aici Ia . this operation fiye ton of : ,. cast iron' are converted in twenty minute v -into five tons of cast steel ' But tha laeces ; (- 'of the process depends upon .being bl to. stop it at just the right time. If continued ' ten seconds too long, or stopped ten second' ' too quickly, the batch is spoiled.-The flame of course, is an index of tbe advance of taa"o ? combustion, and, by watching it with thi -u-i . spectroscope, the appearance and disappear-!'.'' ' ance of the lines indicate tbe exact moment ', " at which the operation is to be arrested. ' 1 ' ' ' "The spectroscope promise also to br ' come a very valuable instrument in medico- ., legal investigations into th videno -of criminality.. . Blood stains may be detected, , , with extreme . delicacy. Mr. Qorby ha,.. shown that the one thousandth part of i grain of tbe red-coloring matter of ft blood- - ...In IHBtT a .lllf W-to1 wit), tllA mMfMt MIT. '' ' "But it is in its celestial applications that , ,i, the spectroscope h as-performed it laort wonderful achievement. The constitution of the sun, for example, which, ten year ago, was a matter of the purest conjecture, it ' ' ; now a matter of difinit and positive know- - w ledge. We know what it is composed of r, its chemical- constitnents not a complete- hif ly, but with the same certainty, as we knoW ,, the chemical constitution of the amrtlu Si-, i teen ot the elements with which we arc familiar on earth, are proved also to exist in the atmosphere of the sun. They an the - following : sodium,. clcium, barium, magnesium, iron, chromium, nickel, copper, zinc, strontium, cadmium, cobalt, hydrigefc, ' ' 1 manganese aluminum, titanium. ' .' ttTiA atflra YinwA' tiAn -aIa nhiaAff In' '"; spectroscopic study with equal fnecea. Tbey : ' are shown to resemble out son, their light i ,- - r. coming from .white-hot .matter in their afc.,.. mospheres. About eighty lines in the spec- '' trum of the light from Aldebaran have '"" "" been mapped, and it has been ascertained :': that the atmostphere, of thi tar contain .,.,,.., , , , sodium, ; magnesium, hydrogen, . . -bismuth, ' . : tellurium, antimony and mercury. Sirius - contains sodium, magnesium, iron and hy- "'- drogen. ' About sixty other stars have been -. examined, and all eem to have tome ehec- ical elemeat known on earthv . . ,,, , . .j The Elephant an BrU... The well known sagacity of the elephant recently bad a remarkable exemplification at St John,' in ' the province ' of Quebeck. ' The immense Ceylon elephant belonging to ' Campbell's menagerie and circus, which wu to exhibit in Montreal, Was the hero.' W will premise lour statement with the fact that, a few week since, - while travelling 1 from Waterbury to Korthfieldj in tbe State!" of Vermont, this elephant, in -orossing a bridge over a creek, crushed the floor with bis enormous weight, and fell partly,,' .i i. t.:. r t if 1 through, his fore-auartcrs onlv remaimncr on' the bridge.'. By this accident he waa lamed for several days, but not sufficiently to pw- vent him from travelling.' When he wa brought to the long bridge over-the Riche lieu river at St. John, he evidently retained a vivid recollection of this mishap, and '- ' neither: coaxing,' threat, pursuasion aor .. ;i force, could induce him to budge n inch. on the to him perilous structure. Nor dot it appear that his apprehension were - un-'''' founded, for the proprietor of the bridgj j'r.' notified -the menagerie manager tbii . lfj i tbey were , dubious of the capacity ,. . of the bridge to bear the weight of the , elephant,' and that if they crossed him they ' r '" " must do so at' their own risk. 1 The morning 'ii n :i' was rather chilly, and aa they did act: wish '! -to risk his health by swimming, they con-1 r.. ;). clnded! to make the venture. Tha band chariot and an enormous den of performing : " lions were started on ahead of him in order 4 '' to give him confidence- and when h aw '-. ' that they went safely over, be wa induced ., , , to follow, which-he did very (lowly, testing , . each plank and timber with bis tore leet ana tram ' ptogrnM linn covered any of the timbers to be defective he would cross over the division to the op posite roadway, and would so progress un--, . til he Came to another doubtful place, wkea he would cross' back 'again. He worked ; along this wa until he had come more thaw half way over, when he became suapktoos -M that neither, road was safe, and (taxied , ., . rapidly back, driving back the long den of ' . cage that were following, and clearing the bridge for a space of ten or more rods. At v this junture a flock of sheep came running , past him and he vented hi spleen by pick- ing them up one by one with his trunk and ' - throwing them into the river, until he had ' disposed of seven in thi way. ; He was V finally induced to go on, nd, after having , been more than two hour in crossing, ar-. . rived safoly over. The scene was witnessed by over - two thousand people, end the ut most excitement prevailed. ..((- -'! -:' I-' Another fact for our Southern readers is the growth of St Paul, Minnesota, which ' thirty years ago bad but three inhabitants, . and now ha 10,108 of a population, with an ,;. assessed valuation of eight million. ; Musical instruments being scarce in GeoN ' gia, s party of young men in one of tbe .. cities have put their money together and bought a hand organ, with whioh they treat . their fair friend $9 nightly serenade, ' '" I rfi- ' - - : '. ' 1 V. ( i.i.;i 1 i t. IT .:!!. (,: I -ml .-.''ll "! .Mm! t . , fc.T, ' : T.' A". !. .li ! ! r1 !,,: 1 Pwofej