OffieUI Organ af the Tilted States.
Official Organ ef Hsrth Cartllaa.
H. I PIKE,
Wednesday, Not. 3, 1869,
Aady Johnson is now mote like Mom than
erer before. He can't get to tne promised
laad. ' '
But ?e has a three-eared dog. Ex.
Our "devil" thinks Fisk ought to get
him for the Ear; Ballroad I
A.' Cindnnatian has invented piano
which is played by the feet Exchange.
That's what we call sob-stirring music.
It is rumored that Charles Sumner is to
write a letter to the N. T. Ledger denying
any complicity with the recent earthquake.
Over a million pounds of wool were sold
in Boston last week. Exchange.
That's a big lie, and we decline to have
the wool polled ever oar eyes to that extent.
Row Andrew Johnson ia beaten for the
United States Senate we expect that the
next Greenville election for aldermen will be
A. T. Stewart's income is at the rate of
six dollars per minute. axcnange.
Our's is as much, only it dont come so
often. We get six dollars a year.
: jfc lingular mixture of trades and mate
rials took place ia Tennessee last week. A
Cooper cooked the goose of a tailor, and
thereby made the tailor a goose.
The TJtica Herald says: "The State is
Ours." Satan once claimed all the king
doms of the earth. Albany Argu.
Yes, and he's got a heavy mortgage on
New York, now.
What a dud of a man that Drake mast
be. Greauboro1 Gautte.
We thought so I When he undertook to
doctor ear fount, we though he was a juacl
The Wilmington JoumI announces the
death of Mr. W. T. Anderson, of that
place, bat formerly of Fayetteville. At the
- time of his death he was register of deeds
for New Hanover county.
Beauregard is booked for matrimony in
New Orleans. Exchange.
Pshaw 1 nothing but courtesy; some lady
wished to present to him her little lean
Pomeroy is a stubborn sprout, a vigorous
"young hickory," filled with genuine Demo
cratic uy Democratic paper.
Yes, it ia well known that he is full of
sap in fact, he's a regular asp head.
Mrs. Porter, the new postmistress at
Louisville, ia going to discharge all the
male clerks, and pat females in their places.
In which case she should be careful to see
. that the mails are securely fastened.
Doctrest Mary Walker wants a law passed
compelling men to marry before they reach
the age of forty. Albany Argue,
We hope she isn't after as. It so, we are
willing to do almost anything in the com
promise line to escape such a fate.
A young man from Ohio bis succeeded in
making a canoe trip from end of Lake Su
perior to the other. Exchange
Very good, indeed. If the young man
keeps on practicing, bye-and-bye hell be
able to paddle himself out of this world in
to the next
The Enquirer would do the people a great
service and aid its friends by studying one
of its favored proverbs "8peech is silver,
bat silence is golden," for it rarely opens its
month now but it puts its foot in it. Rich
Puts ita foot in it t What a month it must
Brigham Young now has 68 children.
The roll is called every morning at break
Then, judging from the fact that Brig
ham is very much of a parent, it is not too
much to suppose that he very often hasretA
rclU for breakfast
Pike, da dont publish any more " belig
erent" correspondence like that disgusting
column of Smith's and Conner's. To be
sure it was an advertisement, but oh ! .
We take all the decent advertisements of
fered. We will, however, refer the Vindica
tor to gentlemen interested.
The editor of the Raleigh (N. C.) Stah
dabd tells about a gentleman in that neigh
borhood who raises the largest hogs in the
State. We dislike to see editors intrude
their family affairs on to the notice of inno
cent readers. N. T. Democrat.
Not our affairs at alL We only wanted
to let the Democrat man know how well his
relatives were getting on since they got into
the poor-house. If he keeps on he will be
rewarded by a situation in the penitentiary.
Oh, Pike, your old "fount" altho' backed
by Pepper's restaurant, can't offer any in
ducement to tempt ns to roam from old
Guilford. Couldn't yon spend a day with
ns, or has your native propensity for pump
kin pies forsook you Greensboro1 Patrott.
We were never rapid on that dish. But
if yon want to Bve like a king or a queen
come to Raleigh, and we will show you how
to do it. Old 6nnroraj n ma uum act
yon back again, if yon could help it
The guard house of this city is filled with
destitute people from Orange county, who
have been driven from their homes by the
Ku Klux. Some of these refugees are white
and some are black. They represent the con
dition of affairs as fearful, and say that they
cannot stay at home unless something is
done to check the murderous Ku Elnx.
And yet, there are men and papers who say
that the Ku Klux are harmless and good
citizens and true men. Shame on them.
The Boston Congregatwnalist makes the
.M.i 7 1 ... TiVoTi Vlin PipraA died it
mic HoaMuu lmu
drunkard, and that whisky was the active
eaase ot his deatn. juccnange.
How many more ghouls are going to tear
open the grave that they may slander the
dead I This CcmcrtgationaUet pretends to
ha rJiaiouM naner. We believe that peo
ple who would slander the dead would steal,
and ws believe tne cautious nypocntes wno
" tha dead, because they cannot reply.
are too mean and contemptible to be noticed
by respectable people, ne nate tnese iian-
dtrctf and aUtbeir Juno.
Conspiracy to Lease the North Carolina
The proposed lease of the North Carolina
Railroad still centimes to' be the absorbing
subject of Interest in this State. And well
it may be, for a transaction which more
deeply involves the interests of every section
of the State will never come before the peo
ple of North Carolina. If successful it would
create a railroad monopoly in comparison
with which the famous, or rather the info.
out, Camden & Amboy monopoly would be
a mere bagatelle. ( ; c '
In the first place, however, let us look at
the matter as a legitimate transaction, and
see if, even in that light, the State and the
private stock holders in the North Carolina
road are receiving a fair price far the privi
leges which are being bargained away. ;
The Raleigh & Gaston road is to pay six
per cent on the capital stock on the North
Carolina Road a sum of two hundred and
forty thousand dollars, yet it Is credibly sta
ted that the net earnings of the road last
year were over three hundred thousand dol
lars, and it is believed that this year they
will be still larger. Where then is the State
benefited by this transaction t How are
the stock holders benefited t They are not
benefited at all, but on the contrary, the
transaction is a direct lot of from sixty to
one hundred thousand dollars per year. And
yet we are told that this arrangement is to
the great benefit of the State and the private
Bat the worst feature of the case is yet to
be shown, for it proves that this proposed
lease is not only a losing affair to those di
rectly interested in the road but is an at
tack upon the whole people of the State.
Mark what follows :
The North Carolina Railroad is the only
road which crosses the State to South
Carolina except the Wilmington and Wel
don, which runs across the extreme Eastern
portion. The North Carolina Road is made a
through route by connections with the
Raleigh & Gaston Road at Raleigh (which
is the shortest route) and by connections
with the Wilmington & Weldon Road at
Goldsboro'. This latter connection is bat lit
tle used for through travel and not at all
for through freight By the proposed lease
the North Carolina Road virtually becomes
a part of the Raleigh and Gaston Road and
consequently the great through route for
Southern freight and travel.
There is another road now building
which is to run from Raleigh through the
middle of the State and thence to South
Carolina, forming, when completed, with its
connections, the shortest route from . the
North to the South. Thit Hood it controlled
by the tame men vino control the Raleigh and
Thus then these two roads are feeders
to more than two thirds of the State, and
and any one examining the map of the State
can see that nearly all the counties west of
the Wilmington and Weldon Road will be
at the mercy of the Raleigh and Gaston
combination, if the proposed lease is effected,
and this is the object of the parties obtain
ing the lease. The matter once settled in
their favor, up will go the freights and pas
senger tariffs, and a large portion of the
people of the State, together with the trav
elling public and those who ship freight,
will be at the mercy of this iniquitous com
bination. All that it demands the people
will be obliged to pay, as will all connect
We do not know what means were used
to consummate this bargain, but, whatever
they were, we do not believe they were
good. Whoever heard before of this propo
sition to lease this great road t No one.
The announcement of the lease came upon
the people of North Carolina like a clap of
thunder from a clear sky. Its very sudden
ness savored too strongly of fonl dealing not
to arouse the suspicions of the people. We
even learn that some of the directors upon
the part of the State were not notified that
the meeting was to take place. In one in
stance we know that such was the fact.
Mr. Welksb, of Guilford, who is a director.
has informed as that he was not notified of
the meeting. Why was this f
Mr. Wklker is a gentleman whose integ
rity no man has ever questioned, and who is
known to have the interests of the State at
heart. Why was he not notified of the
meeting to consider this proposition t Was
it thought that the transaction was of each
a character that he would surely oppose
itt It certainly looks so.
View it in whatever light we may, we can
see nothing that is not repulsive, and that
does not indicate a purpose to do injury to
And here we have a word of personal ex
planation. Many persons have expressed
surprise at the stand we' took upon this
matter in our issue of the 23d, and have
asked us our reasons. Wc are ready to give
We oppose this transaction because we
know that it is in deadly conflict with the
interest and prosperity of the people of
North Carolina ;
Because it is a blow aimed at every busi
ness interest of the State ;
Because we believe it to be a transaction
that cannot bear the scrutiny of honest nun.
These arc our reasons for opposing it, and
sooner than favor it we would beg onr bread
in the streets and trust to the charity of the
people in whose cause we suffered. So long
as we control the Standabd we shall use i'
for the benefit of the people, and if the
Standard ever favors any project to injure
the people of North Carolina it must do so
under another editor than the present one.
We have made the Standard the PEO
PLES paper, and shall ever defend them
against measures we consider hurtful to them
as we do the lease of this road.
Onr Common Schools.
Much anxiety is being manifested by the
public on the subject of our common school
system. This is well ; and it augurs a bet
ter state of feeling among our people, who
are evidently settling down into a state of
composure, and are looking forward to the
best .interests of the rising generation. No
government can prosper where the populace
are ignorant The few will govern the many,
and the popular theory of a republican form
of government soon drifts into an aristocracy
or a monopoly. Give us an intelligent con
stituency and wc will then have obedient
Representatives; the wants, the necessities
and the good of the whole, will be the land-
ka.bx which tbeawwmto the Denotes'
representatives shape their course: and the
fear is no longer felt of the passage of oppres
sive laws, or the abase of power.
Then it is well that all should be educa
ted, and we are free to avow ourselves the
advocates of a liberal system of education,
and to force, u necessary, this education
upon the youth of onr country.
Mixed schools should ao longer clog tha
advancement of education. The schools
should be separate policy dictate this
course the colored people desire it the
whites demand it; and there should not be
a moment's hesitation on the part of the Su
perintendent of Public Schools aa to the
course to bo pursued ; and we presume there
will not be. Let the order go forth to build
separate school rooms give like accommo
dations and facilities to both, and we can
see a bright future and a happier day lor the
people of our State.
Thev have a Woman's Parliament in New
York. It has been in session two days but
no business has been done as the members
persist ia talking all at one time, which has
the effect to prod nee confusion. The Spea
ker is the only one who dont say anything.
Oar Position and Coarse. .
The Wilmington Journal-bit a "long and
somewhat heated article, .in reply to the ar
ticle enqttle4J,,Betrilution,', pnblished!in
f tad Stakdahd some two weeks -ago We
tha 1 not reply in detail to themnW article
for .the reason that it Is based eatdreiyVopon
t supposition that in saying that "another
power" was preparing to crush the En Klux,
we referred (to nse the Journal's language)
to "secret organizations outside the law."
We meant no guch thing, and the journal
bad ao cause to form such an opinion. . As
all necessary information has been obtain-
edana: we1 "shall Tiot interfere with the
operations of any plans, we have no objec
tion U state to what "power" we referred in
the article entitled ''Retribution.'' We meant
that the United States government, having
had officers in plain clothes quietly investi
gating affairs in Orange and. Chatham, is
preparing to take a hand in the matter, and
if the Ku Klux can resist a regiment or two
of Federal cavalry they are much more skil
ful than such cowardly murdererB generally
are. The oath of the Ku Klux is known,
and it is of such a nature as to make every
man who acts under it a traitor to the ,Uni
ted States, and we have small hesitation in
saying that if they persist in their murderous
career tbey will incur the penalty of death.
This will show the Journal -that it has en
tirely misapprehended our meaning, and
that its article, deduced from false premises,
does us injustice.', , . . .,' , " ',(V.,nr '
We will now, say, that we may,be, fully
understood, that we shall never counsel, nor
can we sympathize with, any proceedings
outside tne. law oi we lana. u suca. are
committed we shall wish for the punish
ment of the guilty, let them belong to what
party they may. "- (
Fair and open political strife is one thing.
Murder is another. '
And we could never i sympathise with
murderers, nor would we lift one finger to
gave them from the penalty of their orlmea.
We have no sympathy with any secret
political society, for we believe and know
that, in a free country, they work evil to
the people. ' '
We belong to no secret society political
or otherwise and never .ball. '
That which we think, we are not afraid io
ipeak openly, and we wonld do nothing tbkt
we should not be willing for the whole
world to know. If we have anything to
say we say it, and it stands on record
for us. No man . in North Carolina
deprecates violence more than does
the editor of the Standard. We hate
nsed every endeavor to prevent it as oar
record will show. We have advised mu
tants but never assault. We have told men
who were attacked by murderers to defend
themselves. We say so again, and if we
were about to die we would repeat that ad
vice, for we never could advise men to die
like cowards without striving for the life
God gave them. ';' '
The Journal says that it is moderate and
wishes for peace.
We, unfortunately, have nat observed the
moderation which the Journal professes to
have shown, nor yet its desire for peace, but
we will accept its statements as true. . Let
the Journal and the papers of its party use all
their influence that these terrible murders
may cease, and let the LAW provide the
punishment for crime. If a criminal is
caught let him be handed over to the law1,
which alone baa the right to punish himj
Let not men take punishment into their own
hands and thereby become as great criminals
aa the wretch they murder. In all this we
will aid and sustain the Journal and its
friends, whether the guilty be Democrats or
Republicans. Wa will do it fairly and hon
estly, and without fear or favor.
Is not this proposition a fair onet And
will the Journal and ita party friends drop
their partisan bitterness and unite with us
in a work which is. of the greatest impor
tance to the people of Noith Carolina I
They may have the credit, of the work
all we wish to see North Carolina again
at peace, that her people may be happy.
Concerning the somewhat bitter and un-
kind remarks the Journal makes about the,
editor of the Standabd we have no reply to
make, feeling that our course requires none.
In all that we have done, we done what wa
believed to be right We have knowingly
done injustice to no man, and to no section
of the State. For our course while editor of
the Standabd we have no apologies
nor explanations to make. It is before the
people of North Carolina. They can judge
of it for themselves, and, when the beat of
political parties is considered, they will find
that it has ever been moderate and depreca
tory of extreme measures.
The Standard aulas; the Legislature.
The day is rapidly approaching on which
the Legislature is to meet The session will
be a most important one. Matters are to be
settled in which every citizen of North Car
olina feels a deep interest and upon which
they should be thoroughly posted. It is
probable that many things will be discussed
which are of vital interest to every citizen
of the State. Therefore every intelligent
man should make arrangements to obtain
means that he may know what is going on
and be able to see that the interests of the
people are protected. To do this he should
take a live newspaper. This he will find in
the Standabd. -
Our arrangements for giving full and
accurate reports cannot be surpassed by
those of any paper in the country, we having
two phonographic reporters, one of whom
will report in the Senate and the other in
the House. Thus the reports of the
Standabd will not only be the most com
plete but the most correct. This alone should
cause every reading man to subscribe for the
Standabd. Besides this, anangements
have been made for special telegrams and
letters from New York, Washington, Balti
more and Philadelphia, which will enable
the Standabd to give the earliest, fullest,
and most accurate reports of all matters of
interest and the market reports. In addi
tion, the Standabd will be crowded with
choice reading matter, and all political and
kindred topics will be freely and fully dis
Taken as a whole the Standabd presents
advantages possessed by no other paper.
We hope that members of the legislature
will bring ns in many clubs and suggest to
the people that they begin to make them np
now. Get up your clubs and let them be as
iQaible that the Deonle mav know
what is going on.. ' T7r.?"T
Armed militia, white or colored, ia
well calculated to promote er restore peace
in other than their own counties, if they can
oe iouna vo suoserve a gooa purpose even
If Governor Holden reallv desires fceace.
and a restoration of law and order he had
better keep his armed militia in Raleiirh..
Joumal of Commerce.
We understand the Journal of Commerce.
ita language is ill-timed, and worse conceiv
ed, as it evidently flaunts defiance in the
&ee of tha Governor, and the civil law of
If a band-full of militia sacceeded in res
toring peace in Jones county, merely by their
presence, a "good purpose" may be subserved
in other localities, where law and order have
been violated. '
... - - - - ......
' The Governor desires peace we . know
this to be a fact, and it is only after he haa
been urged, and importuned, haa ' ha con
sented to call out the militia. The militia
have not received marching orders neither
have they been armed, and yet the mere
mention of their being called oat has restor
A " Democrat " .Interviews Governor
. Holden. ,: -i
The editor of the Hillsboro' Recorder has
"interviewed" Gov. Holdkk, and publishes
the conversation, from which we take the
following extracts. In speaking about se
cessionists, the Governor said: ' ' , i
" I never was a secessionist '
But you were for Breckinridge!
Yes, but Breckinridge was for Union,
Bedford Brown, of Caswell, (a good and
pare man) and myself held exactly the same
'position.) Mr. Brown' never made a speech
in that campaign that he didnt declare
gainst making" the election' of Lincoln a
cause for disunion. And just . before Gov.
Ellis sent out his message, I was seen and
requested not . to assail it, But there was
disunion sentiment in the message," and I
did denounce it and for doing so the Gover
nor took the State printing out of my hands.
And when D. H. Hill came to Raleigh at
the head of the first regiment he sent for me
out to his camp and wanted me to print
him a large book of tactics. But I respect
fully refused the contract, as I had no rea
son to believe the Governor would ac
knowledge the warrant"
In speaking of the Governor's proclama
tion relative to the Ku Klux outrages, the
conversation was as follows :
The Governor asked us, "What do yon
think of my proclamation !" ''"'V ,
To be , candid, Governor, said we, you
Would have been happy in mentioning the
recent outrages in your proclamation that
have been committed by negroes, as well as
to have warned both alike the league and
thekuklux. t., :,
: "Well. I regret that I didn't name all of
the offences of both sides particularly the
barn burnings in your, county I am prepar
ing an address to be published in a few days
and in it I expect to deal impartially to
wards all. As for the League it is going
into disuse and will soon break up of itself.
It the leaders of the Democracy would meet
me half way, we would have peace in the
State in a very short while."
Who do you consider the leaders. Gov
ernor! Gov. Graham, Judge Manly, JohnH.Hor
ton, and others. If either of these gentle
men would come out in a card and adviBO
against further infractions of the law, and
counsel peace and submission to the law, it
would be of vast benefit. Why, sir, this
condition of affairs is damaging the pros
perity of the State."
Since our connection with the Standard
as ita editor, it has been our studied purpose
to avoid prejudice, and to act fairly and
openly witl. the people, and courteously to
ward our brethren of the press. Hatred,
we have none for any man, on account of
his political opinions. We concede the
right of opinion to all, and an honest differ
ence between parties, is reasonable, and can
and must be tolerated.
It is a great ' misfortune, when political
editors, forgetting their high calling, and
the influence which it is supposed they ex
ercise, condescend to the use of epithets,
and deal in billingsgate. While they effect
nothing, they lower themselves in the esti
mation of the calm and considerate reader,
and become disqualified for further useful
nesa. To-day the sharp sayings and butcher
like threats of these political desperadoes,
may provoke a smile, and raise a cheer
among their fellows; but, to-morrow the re
flective mind will condemn the course. And
soon the editor looses the confidence of his
party, and the respect of his political oppo
nents. Political hatred differs materially from a
plain difference of sentiment An officer of
the law, because his political views are dif
ferent from those of an editor, is not, we are
free to assert, a target for bis envenomed
shafts. Personalities are objectionable in a
political warfare. Principles discussed in a
manly way is at all times legitimate and
more than this is reprehensible. The peo
ple elevate to office if their officers are false
to their trust, they have their own remedy,
and will apply it
The time for crimination and recrimina
tion haa passed. Peace, and a faithful ad
ministration, of the law are desired and he
who fans the flame with the hope of bring
ing on an intestine feud is not true to his
country, but false to the government through
whose clemency he is aljowed the rights of
citizenship. ' '
The New Tennessee Senator.
. As much interest is felt concerning the
antecedents and political position of the
man who defeated Andrew Johnson for the
United States Senate, we copy the following
from the Nashville Banner, a Democratic
paper: "Senator Cooper is one of a trio of
brothers of tried and acknowledged ability,
eminent in the legal profession, distinguish
ed in the public service, and enjoying high
position in the public confidence and respect
Judge Cooper, himself, was never a personal
applicant for any office and was never de
feated in any canvass before the people.
When it was decided by the friends of other
distinguished gentlemen, who had been
mentioned in connection with the Senatorial
office, it was beyond all question not the
wish of Mr. Cooper to accept the honor save
in obedience to the unanimous choice of
others named for that office, headed by the
generous and patriotic Etheridge, who pro
posed the final concentration. He accepted
it gracefully and with characteristic mod
esty, and we are thoroughly convinced no
one so much as himself recognizes in
his election a triumph of the friends of
peace and harmony, and not especially and
individually the triumph of Judge Henry
Cooper. We recognize in his election, as we
should also have done in the election of any
one of the gentlemen who gave way in order
that his name might be brought safely be
fore the joint convention the triumph ol a
truly conservative, pacific, national and pro
gressive public sentiment He is justly re
garded one of the rising statesmen of Tennes
see, universally esteemed for his spotless
character, his eminent abilities and genuine
conservatism. In politics he was a consis
tent Whig, a staunch Unionist during the
war, and since as thoroughly a Censcrvative.
The selection of such a representative man
at the present juncture of affairs, State and
national, we consider the best card Tennes
see has played since the restoration."
The Sentinel is anxious to find out why
the "Standabd opposes the lease of the
aTwth rmliia .BaUroad,whmi it favored
it before." The Standard bos never favor
ed the lease in any way, shape or manner.
The first article merely noted the fact that
such a lease was contemplated, and mm.
tioned ita effect upon the stock of the road,
without any comment, favorable or unfavora
ble. Therefore the first position the Stan
dabd took was againtt the lease of the road.
To merely announce a matter of news,
without comment, is not to take position
on the subject and is so considered through
out the profession.
A paper may prefer to first make
the announcement that a transaction has
taken place, that the public may have time
to consider the matter in all its forms betore
it expresses its own views. Such was the
course we panned. If it will gratify our
friend of the Sentinel we will inform him
that we are opposed and have been opppos
ed since the first announcement to the scheme
of leasing the N. C. R. R. to the Raleigh
& Gaston Road. And further, we are op
posed to its being leased to be controlled bv
any other Railroad combination, for we be
lieve that such a proceeding would surely
result in injury to the people.
We lcam that the Penitentiary Commit
tee has appointed Dr. Wm. G. Him. phys
ician to the Penitentiary. This appoint
ment has created much surprise and indig
nation upon the ' part of Republicans.
Against Dr. Hnx, personally, we have nbtbr
ing to say.; He is a gentleman of .fcigh
character, and a physician . of more than
ordinary attainments ; but he is not only not
a Republican but is violently opposed to the
Republican party. y r . . -T
.It naa-alwavs - been a rule in American
politics, as in fact it has been in every na
tion. tbat official positions shouloTbe given
to the friends of the dominant' party. This
rule is a good one, and should always be
followed. , Hence, we are opposed to the ap
pointment of Dr. Hnx because he is not a
Republican.. - .. . a
There are many good physicians and tal
ented gentlemen who are Republicans and to
some one of them should this position have
been given. The men who had the be
stowal of these offices were given the privi
lege because they were Republicans and they
were expected to act in accordance with the
wishes of the people who elected tiiem. '
' This they have not done.
We are tired of seeing men who call them
selves Republicans, using the party to ob
tain their private ends and then ignoring
every wish of tho people who elevated them.
This kind of business has been done too
often and is played out And the men who
do it will be played out too. : .: '
It seems as if many Republican officials
think' that the' party was created for their
especial benefit, and that the thousands of
Republican voters cast their votes that they
might be enabled to put whomsoever they
choose into fat offices. We have no objec
tion to see men get good offices. It is an in
evitable consequence of the triumph of any
party.. So long as there are governments
and parties and knaves and tools, so long
will men sharper and more unscrupulous
than their fellows saddle themselves upon
the public, and cling to the treasury for
years before they can be shaken off. ' This
always has been the case, always will be no
matter what party may obtain power.
But when there are offices to be given
away we want them ' given to Republicans.
We are a party ninn. We stick to those
who stick to us, and will never, knowingly,
give an enemy nid unci comfort. Neither
will we insult our political friend by puk
ting in power any of the men they have
fought to keep out of power ; and those who
do so betray their party.
Too many of these doughface appointments
have already been made. It now looks as
if to obtain office under . this Republican
government a man has only to be a Demo
crat and the place is his, despite recommen
dations of Republicans.
No matter what may be the record of a
man, or how much he may have done for
the party, the fact of his being a Republican
is enough to damn him, and some Democrat
gets his place. . " ' '
As for this Penitentiary committee we do
not know who is to blame for its appoint
ments, nor do we care, but we tell it that
some of its appointments have not been such
as to give satisfaction to the people. . - !
We think the best thing would be to have
a new committee.
The people are tired of boosting men
into positions of trust only to have them
lgnortijhe wishes of the people, and the
men who have thus acted will find it out.
Let them run for office and tho people
would not elect them to so large a place as
turn-spit of a constable's kitchen.
It is time that it should be known that
two men.or six men, or a dozen men, are not
the Republican party. The party is the
people the thousands of voters who put
these men into offices, and if tbey do not
respect the wishes of the people, they will
go out of office a great deal easier than they
We warn gentlemen who think they hold
the party in their breeches pocket and that
they have only to command and the people
will obey, that they are sadly mistaken. So
long as the leaders respect the opinions of
the people, so long will the people respect
the wishes of the leaders and no longer.
And we will tell one thing the people de
mand now they demand less doughfacicg
and less oppressing of the working men of
the party, and more respect for the wishes of
Let their voice be heard.
The Penitentiary Appointments.
We have before alluded to the action of the
Board of Commissioners of the Penitentiary
in making the appointment of Physician to
that institution. We learn that the appoint
ment is far more generally condemned than
we knew of at the time of writing the arti
cle. The action of the Commissioners is
condemned in the severest terms by every
Republican in this city.
This being the case, and known to the
Commissioners, they should yield to the
wishes of the public and revoke an appoint
ment so manifestly unpopular. It is their
duty as servants of the people to do this.
If they do not do it all their appoint
ments will be revoked for them, and a new
committee appointed, who will endeavor to
carry out the wishes of the people. We do
not condemn aU the members of tho Board,
because there were one or two who were not
acquainted with all the facts and who were
obliged to rely upon the judgment of others
who did know them. But perhaps, a re
organization of the committee would do a
great deal of good.
We have no particular fault to find with
the other appointments of the committee,
but cannot stand this last one. However, if
this action of the Board is not revised, we
shall publish a list of the appointmens
made, and comment upon the same that the
people may see "that some tilings can be
done as well as others."
We have no hostility to any member of
the Board, nor to any of the appointees, but
oppose this doughface business upon party
grounds. If the members of tho Board of
Commissioners claim to be Republicans, and
hold one or more offices as Republicans,thcy
should act as Republicans or give up , their
offices. If one of these courses is not pur
sued we say frankly that we think that their
chances of retaining any official position
will be very slim. - -
The truth is, the people are tired of elec
ting men to office as Republicans only to'
have the men so elected turn against them
ancjgive aid and comfort to the enemy. Such
inen not only lose the ftopect of ftepaMfefcM
but are despised by the "Democrats," Vhpiri
they endeavor to conciliate by " dough-:
facing." d.'.. . , , :
Hereafter we shall not be silent when we
see men acting in this manner, but shall im
mediately denounce them that the Republi
cans of the State may know who are the
men who are false to them and may condemn
them at the ballot-box. -
As to these Penitentiary Commissioners,
wo shall say nothing more for the present.
We are willing to give tbem time for reflec
tion that they may undo what they have
so badly done. We believe, however, that
the gentleman appointed as physician will
decline the appointment, as he probably
would not accept a position to his occu
pation of which there is such n general op
position. Besides his course up to the pn.
aent time, if sinccro, would effectually pre
vent biin from accepting any office under a
Republican administration.'-. ';
n.s Excclli-ncy Gov. Holden has appoint,
ed Capt. H. L. Pike, alitor of the Standabd,
aid-ic camp, with the rank of Colonel, '
Trial by Jnry.
-We 6upposcd a panel in our recent article
to be so endowed, educated and. paving
bucS adjuncts in. tfte Bench, and Prosecution
as would place them in position fairly to
realize the intention of trial by jury.J We
now rim no an ' to ennnider the exertion of
.' K f "
agencies and causes that neutralize all this,
and often make the trial by jury seem a
farce, and oftener still, the infliction of great
injustice to the individual, and greater
wrong to tha State and community; r .'
ft is necessary noW rb pretteht'focts ahd'to
. record, fajrJJtitM-'
present hour in our own Courts is it the uni
form case that the verdicts of juries accord
with the demands of law and the weight of
testimony! Is it the general feeling ' of
parties that the jury has dealt fairly by them !
Does the moral sense of society approbate
the verdicts rendered in our Courts! We
are of the opinion, from what we see and
hear, and what we know of the judgment
of others in such matters, that the answer
to these propositions must be without hesi
tation, no! '
,. Why i this? Several causes may be as
signed for the existence of such a state of
things. - First of all these causes stands the
prevalent disregard of the obligations of the
oath. It is a fact that excites the most painful
apprehensions that the solemnity" of : the
oath has, -to an alarming extent, given place
to a mere formality that those assuming do
not intend to regard. For any trivial reason
they believe themselves not bound by its
terms, or void, because they hold those who
administer it, or the government that requires
the oath to be illegitimate pr unconstitu
tional, or some other equally false reason.
Instead of refusing to take an oath under
these conditions, they do swear and then
perjure themselves. In our courts of justice
this estimate of the oath is seen to affect
nreiudice of race and partizan interest.' It
is now, in the choice of a jury, made a sig
nal point to get men of certain partizan
views in all State cases. If a colored man is
to be tried there can be found many jurors
who, nnder no sense of , ah oath, will
do justice . to him. Guilty, and
only- guilty,- is the verdict they
render, no matter how insufficient or
irrelevant the testimony that is introduced.
No proofs of character, no improbabilities
of his guilt are allowed to intervene for his
acquital. . So. general is this disregard of
law and evidence .by sworn men in some
sections of the State, where rebellion had
its strongest hold, that it is impossible for a
colored man to get justice at the hands of a
jury. Again is seen tbia same disregard of
the directness of testimony by a jury in
criminal trials we mean those numerous
trials fur violence and murdei done to Union
men. It is a notorious fact that in such ca
ses no convictions can be had, no matter
how positive the testimony or clear the guilt
a verdict of not guilty, is rendered, and the
man of violence and blood is turned loose
to commit new atrocities, knowing that if
apprehended, his brethren of the Ku Klux
Klan will be on the witness stand and in
the jury-box and no conviction can be had
in his case. In such cases the Court and the
Prosecution may be entirely competent, and
do their duty and yet their integrity and
ability avail nothing to secure justice. Such
juries need not be nor are they ignorant
men they are men who for intellect are
equal to their places but whose moral sense
is destroyed by passion and hatred of the
government and of the laws. This is not
the only case ; but, besides this, in civil ca
ses this strong feeling shows itself to the
prejudice of parties and the disregard of
law and evidence, when there is no room
for personal and party hatred. Even in 6uch
cases a verdict is given to the prejudice of
a man because be upholds the government.
Much could be said of the incompetency of
jurors on account of ignorance but that is
nothing in comparison with the known vio
lations of the path by men whose secret
oaths or partizan hates nerve them to
trample upon the law and to contemn evi
dence. In these cases a trial by jury is an
oppression all sense of its value is lost.
Under these circumstances something is de
manded that will better secure the ends of
Immigration to the South Foreign Preju
dice. " The Georgia Commissioner for Foreign
Immigration has established headquarters
at Bremen, and complains that he finds a
prejudice existing against the country and
people of the South. Exchange."
It is well understood that we oppose im
migration, where the emigrant comes ex
pressly to supercede the usual labor we
are in favor of immigration, where the emi
grant comes to purchase lands and to make
himself useful as a citizen of a Republican,
government Thus far we are in favor of
inviting foreigners to come among us, and
no further. -
As to the prejudice, which the Georgia
Commissioners couipluiu of as existing in
Germany against the people of the South
and our country, is not confined alone to
Germany, but is shared by other nationali
ties not that they entertain a dislike for
our people and our Southern country, for it
is well known there is no portion of the
American people held in greater estimation
and respect than the truly generous South
erner. There is no portion of the American
continent where there are so many advanta
ges, both in soil and climate as in the
South. The objection, or the prejudice,
then, must have other causes, and we are
forced to confess that the causes are multi
tudinous. From a forcipi standpoint, the
condition of the South is not very inviting
to men of capital who are seeking invest
ment We speak now, with reference to
our own State, while in other States South,
disorder, and a violation of law and order
are equally bad. At homo then, where
we have armed bands of assassins, who are
allowed to shoot down, hang, whip, and
otherwise harrass the humble citizen be
cause of his political views, and whose
deeds of mnrder arcr trumpeted forth by
men of infiumc, and newspaper edi
tors, as good and wholesome restraint;
here, in our midst, where the Chief Exec
utive is set at defiance, and his efforts to
suppress lawlessness is daily tortured and
misrepresented, and who, in order to bring
peace and quiet unto the land, is com
pelled to threaten the use of force these
are the causes which militate against the
growth and prosperity of the South and
these are the "prejudices" which the. Geor
gia Commissioners speak of and just so
tnaswU prejudice uxhit migwwiwi
increase, and the Southern people, one the
flower and. : pride, of the American conti
nent once so - honored and esteemed by
the nations, of the earth; will be held up
to execration and contempt and-. we shall
be deprived . of the thousands of dollars
in gold, now held, ready to find invest
ment in our valuable lands,
- His Excellency Gov. Holden has commis
sioned Hon. J. L..,Henry to bold special
terms of the Superior Courts as follows:
For the county of Rutherford, first Mon
day, February. 1870.
.'For the county of Polk,' last Monday,
January, 1870". ' 1 t
' For the county of Clcvejami, third. Mon
day, Fcbruary,'l870. '. . . .
These courts will be held until business
is disposed of. Only civil" cases"' 'will bo
. Defeated in Ohio.;,,,,!
Defeated in Pennsylvania.
And why t JV. Y. Democrat.
' Why ! ' Why, because the people arc tired'
of Democratic corruption, "aud '.wouldn't
give you votes enoughs Apd that's "why."
Cov.Holdenthe Disturbances in Orange
and Chatham Counties his Wish
' ' .:' and his Efforts for Peace.
; . Gevf Holden renuests us to state. that he
has appointed Col. Thomas B. Lono one of
his Aids with the rank of Colonel, and that
Colonel Long is authorized to proceed to
the Counties of Chatham and Orange for
the purpose of seeing and talking with the
people, with the hope of composing the
troubles in those counties. Col. Lono will
soon make a tour through those counties,
and address the people. His mission is a
pacific, friendly one. - He will speak for the
1 State'govemmenf', and will confer freely
with citizens of all parties in the interest of
peace, law, and order. We trust CoL Lono
will be courteously received, and that his
mission will result in good to all. The Gov
ernor is reluctant to proceed to extreme
measures, and will not do so unless such
measures are forced upon him ; but if he
should take any steps he will not recede
The civil law must be maintained. In
maintaining the law and in protecting the
citizen, be knows no parties and no colors.
It is objected to the Governor's recent
proclamation that it is aimed at what are
called the Ku Klux, and that the Leagues
are not mentioned. It is not customery or
proper to mention the names of parties or
factions in State papers.: The Governor has
always avoided this in his Inaugural, his
Messages, and his proclamations ; and such
allusion was omitted in bis late proclama
tion, because he did not wish to give it a
party aspect His purpose was to condemn
all violations of law, no matter who might
be guilty of them.
So for as the Leagues and the Ku Klux,
or Constitutional Union Guard are concern
ed, the Governor no more objects to them
than hundrects of thousands of our people
did some years ago to the American or
Know Nothing, so long as they are pacific,
and not armed or military organization?.
Secret political organizations have existed,
and will exist always; and whatever we may
think of them, or however we may regret
their existence, we can not hope to get rid
of them. The League is a pacific organiza
tion. It was designed simply as a nursery
ot loyalty to the government, and was use
ful in instructing the colored people espe
cially in the rudiments of self-government.
Its Ritual, containing its principles and its
obligations, is open to all, and may be read
by all. No member of the League is al
lowed to nse a deadly weapon except in self-
defence. No member of the League is al
lowed to disguise himself, and, with arms in
his hands, molest terrify or injure bis neigh
bors. No member of the League is allowed
in any way to break the civil law, but, on
the contrary, he is bound by the most sol
emn obligations to uphold the civil law
and protect the rights of all. It may be
added also, that the League is not now
in working order in this State. Gov.
Holden ceased to be President of it when
he became Governor. He approves of all its
principles, and regards it as having been very
useful in effecting the reconstruction of the
State government; but he would not have
belonged to it one moment if it had, in
any way, counselled the slightest resistance
to law, or countenanced any array whatso
ever of military power. It was purely pa
cific in its operations. The few instances in
which some of the members, from ignorance,
menaced or opprcssd other members, scarce
ly deserve to be mentioned, especially us
colored men only were the sufferers at the
bands of colored men, and the whites were
not menaced or injured. And we assert that
much of the good order observed and main
tained by colored men, during the progress
of reconstruction and in the midst of excit
ing campaigns and elections, is due to the
eontercatice influence exercised by these very
League over many of the voter. And the
Governor authorizes us to state that if proof
is laid before him that the members of the
League are in the habit nt disguising them
selves and entering houses with deadly
weapons, and terrifying and injuring any
one; or that members ofi- tho League are
guilty as such of violations of the law, such
as shooting, hanging, mutilating, or burning
houses, or in any way maltreating any per
son or persons, or injuring property, he will
at once denounce the League as an organi
zation dangerous to the peace and good or
der of society, and will do all he can to sup
The Ku Klux, or Constitutional Union
Guard were at first a pacific organization
formed for defensive purposes . and to ad
vance political objects. If it had remained
so it would have been no more objectionable
than the Leagues, the Heroes of America, or
the Know Nothings. But it has been pervert
ed from its original purpose, an i is now mili
tary and aggressive in its operations; It has
forced open houses occupied by peaceable
citizens, and alarmed or injured them. It
has stolen horses and cattle, and burnt
houses. It has hanged several people by
the neck until they were dead. It has shot
mutilated and beaten others. It has occa
sioned excitement and alarm in many coun
ties; and it has genenrally, as a military organ
ization, either defied the civil law or evaded
it before juries of the country. This is a brief
and nt overdrawn description of the Ku
Klux. Who can deny the truthfulness of
the description! The vengeance of this
organization has fallen almost entirely on
the colored people. This has resulted from
the comparative helplessness and isolation
of this people. It is, therefore, as' far as
it has progressed, a tear of races, if we can
call that a war inwhich nearly all the injury
is inflicted by one. side. We know that
every good citizen, without regard to party,
deprecates and deplores this state of things ;
but how few go about to correct it and to
prevent what must certainly follow, if these
things continue i '
We know that barns have licen burnt and
that it is charged that certain colored men
burnt them. Admit it, and what then ? It
is easy to apprehend, to try and to convict
a colored man. Why is it not done!
We know that there are white men nnd
colored men who are unworthy citizens and
pests to their ncighborhoocs, but that can
not justify any man or b idy of men in un
dertaking to regulate tho neighborhood by
punishing such characters. We know it hap
pens now and then that some one of that most
docile race, the colored race, insults a white
person by language or manner ; but can that
justify whipping and scourgiug, and mutila
tion, and cropping of the cars ? We know
that the impulse of every manly hcrt is,
that any man who commits a rape should
be instantly put to' death, whether t he be a
white wreteh-or a. Uck Wretch.; but the Jaw
amply provides for this crime as for all
others, and if the law may be disregarded
in one instance it may be in all. There is no
sefety for the innocent unless the law be ob
served, and if these violations of law shall
continue, and shall become coiuiik n, no citi
zen, however upright or virtuous, will he safe
on the public highway or in his own lioufe.
Tho Governor is not in the habit o pardon
ing or commuting flagrant crimes. It' such
crimes be committed, as they are committed
it is not difficult to convict a colored man'
His own race will not attempt to shield
him ; and men, whether white or black who
burn houses, or commit murder, or stml tlie
property of their neighbors, r outrage fe-i
male virtue, can expect r..i mercy m Ju-'
run, from Judges, or iroru 'the Governor ' "'
' ' A S;Kl ,luur ll:,s Wjaid about the Gov '
ernor proposing to a nd "negroes and
white? as troops b. Orange and Um.i.a.n
Thrf G,)Y rm.r tent whito troops to Ala
inaiico aml Joncs, and not colored troops.
Did be get civdit for it fwin those who as
sad Ilia? Uis dues not wish to send troops
of any kind, if he can avoid, it . Gentlemen '
in W1ta nnltv wlur.KtaV..
complaint, sliould bear in mind tint ""' '
tailed Militia Law, inasmuch as tlie D('
ities of Wake have called in 1U(! foUlIl"
the Detailed Militia, provides thu ( J!
nor can, tyke thirties proper, call .
them between the age of 18 and 40 , 31
Chatluim or Orange at militia, jj ' fc
want to go! No. They would mJ S
the few poor white men who hnvelJ1
rolled, and the colored men go. tl
may say they would not serve. SupD "
Governor should test them, how 1
tbey. feel, if held up as resisting ih
k There ' are. few of the' colored f
between Raleigh and Morrisville, v ,ltlJ'
arms. They are under good co
and will commit no violence, fh ""
there to protect the defenceless xtu,
threatened, and not to make wnroj "
The Governor has not called out t
ed men as a matter of choice, but i'0''
the law must be maintained, tlic fer- ase
mujt be shielded, and the tubslmt1
men will not come forward to pcrfuiilt
Is tho Governor to blame ! "fc
But it is said Orange and Chatty
be proclaimed in a state of insarf
This would suspend all civil law, K j1'
suspended in 1865. The Constitution "
fers this power on the Governor in Hf?""
resort, and the Courts would sustii- '
It is idle to assume that," in anv cv. ?"
n . . . J rat- 'he
Uovernor would not be sustained. j Z
State power should fail, which is not Ife
the Federal power would be invnked m
it stands ready promptly to aid.
. But we trust that no such alternative sfli
be presented. The Governor is most at
ious for peace and quiet. He has sent p
messenger, not as a detective, but smv"f
to all the people of the Counties meMi0
who will earnestly appeal to them for fcir
own sokes as a Christian people, for the t,
of the State and of law and order, to set
their faces against aU violations of aw t,
matter by tchom committed, and to take sh-l
to vindicate tha ancient character fbrg.,,,,1
citizenship and submission to autWitt
which those Counties have, until reccnt'r
so proudly maintained. "'
We feel sure the Governor has no par
feeling in this matter. lie has no wy, 0
shield friends or to punish encmiej. ;j
knows no man, no party.no color im,
performance of this duty. But ttthrui.
be maintained. Ecery human beinij mint U
protected nnder the law. The laic only m
arrest and punislt. Political organizations,
whether secret or open, will not be intate
ed with so long as they are pacific in the:
operations; but when they arm theimwl.
and go about to right their own wrou
whether real or imaginary, or to regnlati
neigh horhoods by force and violence, t!i
must be restrained and the guilty anion;
them brought to punishment. There can 1
no war of races in this State, for thegenca
government would promptly put a stop tc
any such war ; but there may be conflict!
and bloodshed which all good people wonlj
deplore, and which would not only serionsi
retard our prosperity, but bring disrac-
on the State. Conflicts and bloodshed will
not be provoked by the weaker race. It t
not natural that the weaker, the ignorant,
the unwarlike should make aggressions oo
the strong, the educated and the warlike. If,
therefore, these conflicts should come, and
blood should flow, and houses should be
burned, and horrors of various kinds should
stalk in our midst, the condemnation wou'J
rest chiefly on those who " take the sirnnl 11
to execute their purposes, in violation of
law, on the weak and the defenceless. Bat as
Christians, as patriots, as lovers of the coun
try and of peace and good wUl to all, let us
put all these thoughts far from ns,andivr
to promote and to build up a condition nf
things in which violence and discord will
cease, and the two races will live together
in peace and harmony.
Those are the- views of the Governor,
which it will be the business and duty of
Col. Lono to explain more fully to the peo
ple when he goes among them.
The Late Disturbance in Goldsboro'.
We have expressed no opinion as to the
cause of the late disturbance in Goldsboro'
between the soldiers doing garrison duty
and the colored people. Disposed at all
times to do ample justice to all men, ve
have awaited full developments, which we
find in the Newt, printed in that town, aw!
edited by Mr. J. B. Whitaker, who is, also,
Mayor of the place. We believe the state
ment of the News to be true wc accept it is
such, and give it to our readers :
The unfortunate riot which occurred
tween the soldiers and colored men of
place on Saturday night last is universal!.'
regretted by the law-abiding citizens of
Goldsboro'. Every difference must havel
provocation, and the question natural!;
arises to whom should censure be impute!
for this public breach of the peace 1 Wt do
not pretend to advance any posititt ac
tion of who was in fault when tht
affair took place, but it is a fact '
yond dispute that there are quarrels
inclined members of the garrison sts'3"
ed hero who have for several
past, been instrumental in creating
turbances between themselves and tit
grocs, and on several occasions have si111051
caused the death of inoffensive and ptf'
ably disposed colored men. ' Many instance
could readily be enumerated of their ww
tonly brutal treat ment to them, one of which
transpired but a few nights ago ; wc g"
it as rented to us: Six or eight soM'k-'
knockec! at the door of a colored man vi
resides near the suburbs of town, and f"-'r
having been admitted, forcibly carried hs
wife from tho house to an adjacent iA
and there deliberately outraged her pcrs0"
Now, all liberal-minded men must ackiw''
edge that such conduct is ever calculated w
provoke a revengeful feeling in any one, no
matter however learned or unlearned, lie
may be, and in our candid opinion
events above recorded, were those i"m
which the riot derived its origin, and r.ot
from the prompting of certain citizens a5
has been libelously and erroneously allcgi-d
by a portion of tho troops. Wc are not
reticent in saying that the private st'ldicrs
are less deserving of blame than their offi
cers, for it is the duty of the latter to tol1
the unruly part of their command wi"1"1
the confines of camp, and not permit them
to roam unrestrained about the town.
The Salisbury Old North State has the fol
lowing which is true, frank and maniy. ,
the Old NorthJltete is not Ji.ftpuMicav, ,i
ti, hl rVlIIrV I .l,nm In u-llaf nn ni
the Ku Klui outragesj must have been 4
ried to draw'forth sujh a rebuke : It saV
'."His Excellency, dov. Holden basis,
a proclamation in wiich he recounts tha; il
nous outrages and violations of law A,
have taken place in Lenoir, Jones, Orjo
and Chatham Counties, and gives noticelhr '
unless those things cease he will "proAic
mose counties in a state oi insurrcctionjaj,
will exert the whole power of the State
enfiircc the law. to nrotect those who arej
sailed or injured, and to bring criminals! t()
; We have heard and seen this proclama;
tion commented oion with some severity.
Bitter partizans will discover piirtizanisrn in
everything, and, perhaps, the dy has hot
yet come when any man can write such,' n
pajier without a I'etrnjal of partizan feeling.
The armed Ku K1"X organizations existing
in those coanties, "onsisting doubtless of a
fi-w r-acf men wlnwcre under the control of
their bud iai..!is.'Uirlit to be broken up as
silily i iMMsihlc. .' No p,, man can or
d.-fi-Til their cf. and it is no justifica
tion and b.H litile 1'xlliation to recount the
in.-miT Jinnies ot ne np,)sjto Tho
iiw h'- cmc when i fl
;,f:..u!il iVcl it lo cUH,vr1... ... ,nrthe
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