Newspaper Page Text
OfteUI 0rraa f It Ciite States,
add Orgaa tf Kertk Carsllsa.
H. I PIKE, -
Wednesday, Kot 17, 1869.
The small poz has tbc Indian.- Exchange.
Glad of It, and hope it will keep them, .
A. J. it -enraged became be east oast
Cooper. The fact is, A. J-i' you're played
at , , i -i. ..u - a
The decline of the Americas stag is sap,
nosed to to canted by the1 introduction of
railroads. - ' ' ' ' "' .'
We an in receipt of a new Philadelphia
naner "The Day. It u a wide-awake
spicy sheet, and should do well.
San Francisco has seventy-five sorosisters.
Yea; and on account of them, how many
Prim forewarns the Ecumenical Council,
and threatens that the government will treat
as null and void any resolutions the council
may adopt hostile to the Spanish Constitu
Somebody lectured in Wilmington a few
weeks aso on the subject, "Woman not an
angeL" As the lecturer was unmarried
our exchanges are all anxious to knew how
he found out
The Hillsboro' Recorder says the Durham
itea have a Thespian Society and play
T oodles. Down here lots of young a
who are not Thespians, play Toodles almost
Secretary Boutwell scons at the improba
ble story that he is contemplating apian to
resume specie payment by January 1. The
Secretary says such a step is impracticable
To such desperate straits are the Democ
racy reduced, that the N. T. Demerol is
congratulating its party because the Demo
cratic candidate for Governor of Iowa got
ne tote in Kossuth county !
K. P. Willis is credited with the inven
tion of interviewing. Exchange.
If the above is true, it's lucky for him
that be is dead or the vengeance of an out
raged people would fall upon him. "
A Northern exchange tells about a mill
dam twelve hundred feet long and thirty
high. The story may be true, but until we
have better proof of the fact we shall con
sider the above story a mill dam lie.
Udolpho Wolfe left each of his three
daughters $100,000. There's schnapps for
three young men who may like to bring the
We wouldn't mind taking a little schnapps
In the coming census, it is believed by the
best informed public men, the population of
the United States will number not less than
50,000,000. The West will relatively maks
larger gains in political power under the
The English Princess Royal of Prussia
charged at the head of a regiment of cav
alry in a sham fight at Stargard, and the
troops have given her a sword ot honor,
Exchange. , .
Tea, a sham honor to go with a sham
Victor Hugo asks a' guinea for" the poor
every time ne writes nis autograph tor stran
gers. Exchange. "
Wa are afraid that on such occasions Tic-
tor is unable to find any one "poorer" than
A man shot his wife in Chicago the other
day. We are glad to learn that the Judge
committed him to jail, remarking that a
man who would go to the expense of shoot
ing when divorces were so cheap ought to
be hung. ...
The proposition to lease the North Caro
lina Bailrod has been defeated, and we hope
for good. The road k a State work and
should be run In the interest of North Car
olina and not in the interests of Virginia or
any other State. Wa believe that- the news
ot the defeat of the lease will be received
with joy by our entire people. - ' .. . .
Gen. Cespedes, with that bigbminded
earnestness which characterized him when
he burned his large Bayamo property, says
ue New York Tribune, now promises to
give each family of which father or son have
fallen for Cuban freedom thirty-three acres
of land, till his estate is exhausted. .As Ces
pedes was an extensive land-owner the gift
must be very considerable, and its example
of great effect
Philadelphia has colored night schools.
We would inquire of the poetaster
of the Pod if there is any difierence in the
color of those nights, and, if so, what color
Is the most beneficial for school purposes."
P. 8. We respectfully , request that the
answer should not be given in any foreign
language, and unaccompanied by poetical
quotations. ' '
Mr. Gladstone, Prime Minister of England,
in a speech delivered in London says that
Ireland is even now chief difficulty to
England, and that too, after having been
goltmed by Great Britain during sevew
power." On the subject of the foraiga policy
Kr. Gladstone renounces, e the wait of his
country, the role of a "meddlesome interfcr-
eocer" an excellent definition f the past
and assumes a tone of general philanthropy
and good will, with the-preservation of the
"peace and concord7' now existing between
Britain and the United SUtes. - '
By cable dispatch from Paris we are in
formed, says the N. T. Herald, that fears are
entertained of a Mazrinlan outbreak in Italy,
especially if ths. King ahonld succumb to
bis present attack of illness. The recent ex
poses thai have been made in respect to
some members of .the .governmentand the
unsatisfactory state of matters generally in
that country, are of . .themselves sufficient
reasani to breed discontent. Maaxini has
numerous partisans throughout the Penin
sular, but we doubt whether Ma extreme
views are entertained by ths generality of
the Italian nation .The northern population
of Italy is predisposed towards a republic.
but ita views are moderate and they do not
participate in any ideas of red republican
ism, on which the Orsini tragedy. waa
No Political Disabilities.,.
A large number of the citizen of North
Carolina are banaed--ar.1nelligible to hold
offices that can be heldjiy every one else in
the State, t Of these banned citizens many
i am mea who vera plunged into the war by
force of circumstances. They bad held some
office before the war and consequently are
banned by the Howard Amendment. Thus
many of the best men in the State are now
deprived of their privileges as American cit
izens simply because of having held certain
offices before the war. Of this number
hnny are foyalnJ"nolen3IyTo the
gwrenuBeat, .;J.in r i -1, -, V
i At -tw wm -alio 'Howant 'Amendment
nay have "d! frond; "and"' may have
done rnnck to help the reconstruction of the
femtVby keeping from power the mea who
inaugurated secession. But its power, for
good, if it did possess such has now de
parted, and that which two years ago seemed
but an act of precaution, now seems an act
I Even more, we do not hesitate to say that
the XIYlh Amendment Is now oppressive
and unjust. The Government has not seen
fit to punish the men who inaugurated the
rebellion. It has psrdoned the leaders. It
has pardoned the most guilty. Yet it still
punishes mea who fought against secession as
long as they could and whose sole erime (?)
for which they are now banned is that be
fore the war was ever dreamed of they
held some petty office !
Who can say that to punish this latter class
for the offences of others, is not the extreme
of injustice t Why should the leading spir
its of the rebellion be pardoned and the fol
lowers be punished t Why should men who
fought to bring about the war be forgiven,and
those who were forced into it against their
will be under the ban ? What justice is
there in such a course ? None. The mere
fact that a citizen was a civil officer
before the war has no possible relation with
the war, aad should not be used against him.
Congress will shortly reassemble. We re
peat the declaration we made months ago
that we wish a universal amnesty bill pass
eda bill for the removal of all political
disabilities. We do not wish to have an
American citizen deprived of a single
right - The war is ended and the
Union restored. Let the Government pur
sue such a line of conduct as will show to
the world that it is not a Union of hate, and
let it pardon something to the natural feel
ings of a people prostrated from the effect
of an disastrous war. The people of the
Sooth 1 say that ' -when they laid down
their arms and renewed their allegiance to
the government they did so in good faith.
Let the Government believe them. Let it
distrust the leaders the men who misled
the people if it chooses it has a right to do
so but let it believe the people. Confidence
begets confidence, good will begets good
will, and the government can well af
ford to be generous to a people who
now need generosity, snd who will repay it
by goodwill and a firm support of the
government of their country.
Let Congress remember this, and let it
throw aside all prejudice and partizanship
and do this act of justice to the persecuted
men of the South. Lei it restore to them
ALL the rights and privileges ol American
citizens. Let it make the Union one of love,
and aid in bringing back that time when
from Canada to the Gulf, and from ocean to
ocean, not one man could be found who
was not proud that he was an American
The Tree State of Affairs la Spain.
It is very evident says the New York Tri
bune, that the tactics so familliar in Europe,
or of the Government undertaking to supply
news to the people, have been steadily pur
sued by Prim and his associates in the Gov
ernment Under that "paternal'' system
every unpleasant event is carefully kept out
of sight, and the dispatches which reach
the capital are garbled up before they are
placed under the public eye. When the ac
counts which may be accepted as fairly ac
curate come to be well sifted, a few facts re
main of a character to enable use to realize
the general situation. It is certain that the
war is being waged with great fierceness on
both sides. The depth of the passions
which have been aroused may be taken as
an indication of the vitality which the in
insurrection still possesses. If the u mob "
disregard that chivalry on which Spain for
merly prided herself, they may look it vain
for a better example from officials who are
not exposed to their peculiar temptations.
The little incident related concerning the
Spanish Minister at Paris is of more than
personal importance. It illustrates the de
terioration in the Spanish character which
goes so far to account for the political de
cline of the nation.
All the signs lead ns to expect a phaze of
the revolution which Prim may have antici
pated, but which he does not appear in the
least degree prepared for. The Regency is
discredited the project for a restoration of
the monarchy proves abortive. The Govern
ment Gazette erics out constantly that the
insurrection is quelled, but nothing can blind
the people to the truth that the Republican
fever spreads rapidly. When it arrives at its
height the solution to Prim's difficulties will
be found. The people do not want the Duke
of Genoa, or the Duke of Montpensier, bot
Republic, and it is : much to be doubted
whether either of the members of the pres
ent Regency will be chosen as its head.
There are, no doubt, great divisions
among the Republican party, but not
greater than those which exist among the
advocates of a monarchy. Once a majority
could be obtained in favor of the latter
form of government, but if a plebitcitum
were taken to-morrow the decision would
undoubtedly be reversed. The people have
grown tired of the delays, the weakness and
the endless intrigues which have character
ized the melancholy failure of Prim and his
friends. They want now a strong govern
sent They will before long create one for
themselves, and we may be sure that it will
not be from the paltry material which in
terested nartizans or slavish courtiers have
tried to force upon them.
More than we Expected.
There really seems to be some show of
seriousness on the part of Andrew Johnson
and his friends to oust Cooper, if possible,
and place the ex-President in the Senate, if
they can but we presume they will not
succeed; snd on this subject, -wc are some-
lil spitinnritn find tint the Petersburg,.
huL&x has taken as sensiblo view of the position-
aad, m truth, wa' had (apposed that
the Jjtdez was rather disposed to favor Andy's
electtoa.' That paper, in reply to aa article
in the Ctmrier, says "we have always thought
that the Constitution of tha United States
prescribed the qualifications necessary for
the Senatorial office; and that instrument
says:, "So person shall be a Senator, wba
ahall have not-attained to the age of thirty
years, and been nine years a citizen of the
United States, and who shall not when
elect, be an inhabitant of the State for
which ha shall be chosen."
Now fTKr. Cooper is thirty years old, has
lived In the United States nine years, and is
an inhabitant of Tennessee, he is competent
to fill tha flic of Senator, tin enactment
of the Legislature of Tennessee to the coun
try notwithstanding. ' If the Legislature of
a State can prescribe- ooe qualification or
disqualification,' they can, ' by extending
their action, entirely do sway with the pro
visions of ths. Constitution of the United
Biases ia the mutter referred to. In this, as
in all other 1 esses where the ' Constitution
conflicts with. State law1, the former is paramount,"
In a recent issue of the Wilmington Jovr
nal in an article relative to n article -Ws-
4 ten by GovBolden, we find tb following.?;
We are glad to see these pacific announce
ment from the Governor. . We trust 4hey '
are the beginning of a better order of things.
Governor Holden has no reason to act in
hostility to the best interests of North Caro
lina, and we have always felt that at heart
he waa a true son of the State. He has
given way under the incitements of personal
ambition and party pressure, and dons things
for which be ought and will be ashamed.
But we hope we see in these declarations the
promptings of bis own heart, and "that 'he
will no w be true to his better nature, unawed
by the frowns or threats of party managers.
Gov. Holden has possessed the confidence of
the people of the State, and if he win only
again entitle himself to it bis influence will
return, and be can administer the affairs of
North Carolina without threats, without
spies, without the aid of State militia or
Federal soldiers. ,
We do not exactly understand the Journal '
meaning, for we have yet to know of any case
in which Gov. Holden has acted "in hostility
to the best interests of North Carolina." We
believe that Gov. Holden has acted for the
best interests of the State in all that be has
done, and know that be has endeavored to
do so. The announcements made by Gov.
Holden were 'pacific.' His desire is,and always
has been, that peace should reign in North
His every act has tended to that purpose.
That he is a " true son of the State," no one
doubts not even his most bitter enemy,
snd those who have known him for years
are the last men who should doubt the fact.
The disturbances in this State bavs not been
occasioned by any act of his, nor of the Re
publican party. In dealing with them he
has but done his duty as the Chief Magis
trate of the State, and no allusion to party
has been made by him.
The editor of the Stakdabd has charac
terised the disturbances in Orange and Chat
ham counties as jartaking of a political na
ture. He did so because he believed it
right to do so, and has yet seen no occasion
to change bis opinion. But, although
Gov. Holden may endorse the course of the
Stakdabd he is in no manner responsible for
it, nor is sny person but the editor. Wc
say this simply because in no State pa
per has Gov. Holden ever mentioned party.
Therefore we cannot see why Gov. Holden
is sny more entitled to the confidence of
the Journal now than he was before.
Gov. Holden stands now where be
has stood for the past seven or
eight years. Many who were then his friends
are now his enemies, while many then his
enemies are now bis friends. Some have
left him, others have joined him, but he has
remained unchanged. The "influence" he
then possessed he possesses now, although
not only with the same men. It seems clear
to us that it is other men who have changed,
not Gov. Holden. Therefore we think him
still entitled to the confidence of the people,
for he has pursued a straightforward course.
If certain portions of the people have chosen
to adopt a different course from that which
he has been pursuing, and have, in view
of some particular issue, left him to unite
with others, it does not, by any means, fol
low that he has changed, or that he has
proved himself unworthy the confidence of
For these reasons we cannot agree with the
implications of the Journal's article, and we
believe Gov. Holden is now more worthy of
the confidence of the people of North Caro
lina than ever before, for he has proved
himself true to their interests, even when to
be so was to lose the friendship of those who
had been with him for years. A man who
has done this can never lose the confidence
of the people. The wiles of politicians may
blind the people lor a time, but it will be
but a short time. Gov. Holden stands now
where he has ever stood, in favor of the best
interests of North Carolina and of her people.
Surely the sensational has taken control
of the columns of the Sentinel 1
Again, yesterday, one Thomas Green,
(colored) appears in the Sentinel with a very
serious and grave charge against the mem
bers of the colored fire company in this city
which is false in fact, and justifiably true in
It is false where it asserts that for politi
cal opinion, he was about to be chastised.
It is true, that an enraged race were about
to punish him for avowing himself not only
a member of the Ku Klux, but that he en
dorsed the principles of that band of law
less vagabonds, and approved all that they
have done. This can be proven by at least
fifteen witnesses who beard him make the
It is false, his statement that the police
man was slow to go to his rescue. The po
liceman to whom Green alludes, is a colored
man, and is as prompt in the discharge of
his duty ss any officer, and he did act
promptly, and saved Green from a pretty
bad whipping, we have no doubt
Green, we leam,is a notoriously bad man
he is therefore in good company, with his
name registered among the K. K's.
We say again that we do not approve mob
law under any circumstances we do not
approve of Green's seizure by our colored
firemen, however much he merits their hate
and disapprobation. Yet, when we all know
that the colored race . have suffered
untold tortures at the hands of the Ku
Klux that the organization is formed for
the avowed purpose of wresting from them
the privileges of citizens, it is not at all sur
prising that their anger should have boiled
over when one of their own color should
openly avow himself their sworn enemy, and
laugh at the insults and injuries which have
been, and are now being, visited upon them
by these their greatest enemy.
A new Reciprocity Treaty.
The most important inteligence received
lately, says the Philadelphia Inquirer, is the
announcement of a new Reciprocity Treaty
having been negotiated by the State Depart
ment with Canada. Authority was given
by the last Congress, on motion of Mr.
Schenck, to the President to negotiate the
treaty, and it will be presented to the Senate
early next month. It is exceedingly doubt
ful that the Senate will ratify any agree
ment made by our State Department look
ing to a removal of the duties now ' paid by
the people of the New Dominion. We can
not very well, in the first place, afford to
lose so fruitful s source of revenue; and
agM;lf TH lm 1. hm ni,t .
treaty ia exactly what will remove the desire
of it from tha Canadian mind. . Ii, i
What that country wants ia a free market
for its produce, minerals and products. Its
people can get tbia by annexation, but they
prefer to get it by treaty, by which they will
be the chief gainers. The Senate, therefore,
has only to decide whether it will give the
New Dominion free ports in this country by
the one means or the other ; and it is, there
fore, more than probable that annexation
will be the only road to the abolition of the
custom houses on our Northern frontier. ' " '
The Canadian agents of tiro treaty are al
ready in Washington, where they intend to
remain during the next session of Congress,
keeping open house and lobbying the Sen
ate. Rumor indicates Bamana Bay as the des
tination of an expedition fitting out at the
Brooklyn Navy-Yard. Wherever it goes,
ssys the N. Y. Tribune, it is probably not for
a violent purpose, though, as onr Cuban
and other West Indian experience have
proved, it ia best to be provided navally in
v v bcwHssi:;- ; sj?
The Rutherford Star is suffering prom a
superabundence,ofbUe.';'It has for a long
time industriously pecked awsy at the Stan
dakd, and isevidentlf fexed that its feeble
taps have made no 'kimpresslprl upon tha
object of its attack. "The Stat ; first "fell out
with the Stajtdakd 1 because it defended
Gov. Holden's right to appoint the State
Proxy in certain railroad meetings, and
forthwith announced the Stakdabd as op
posed to ,conoliaation,iui(l furthermore
svowed that it was not a Republican paper
utter foolishness of its charges was so pal
pable as to render reply needless. It is
well known that the Stahda bd took no
part either for or against consolidation, but
remained perfectly neutral its columns be
ing open to both sides. That- the Stak
dabd is not. a Radical paper 'wi are willing
to admit, we being opposed to radicalism of
any sort The Stakdabd has always been
content to call itself a Republican paper,
without adding any prefix whatever to the
designating word.' ,
lithe Star does not like the cou ree of tho
Stakdabd we are not to blame for tha fpet
and, to bo frank we do not care a continen
tal whether or not the Star likes the8TAN
dabd. Its Approval or .disapproval is a
matter of small moment to the Stakdabd.
Wo take that course which we believe to be
right and for the best interests of the State,
and shall not change it to suit any person,
or any clique. The Star, we presume, is
actuated by similar motives. If not, it
should be. If, perchance, our ideas of the
right course differ from those of the Star we
shall follow our own course in preference to
any that might be laid down for us by the
Therefore the Starve disapproval of the
course of the Stakdabd is of little con
sequence to us, snd its snsppings snd
snarlings hardly serve ( to remind us of its
existence. Its affecting to consider that
Gov. Holden is becoming a "Democrat"
because he is willing to pursue fair and
conciliatory measures in stopping the disor
ders "in certain counties is the height of
folly, snd will deceive no one. If the Star
chooses to be sn ultra radical paper, no one
will gainsay its right to be so, but it cannot
expect to compel others to pursue the same
We for one shall not
We believe that there has been far too
much radicalism in both parties, and that
the people have suffered greatly from it.
We believe that measures have resulted
from the bitter spirit of political intoler
ance that has controlled both parties which
have injured the people and the State.
We believe that the good of the people
of the State and ot the nation, requires that
a better and far more moderate spirit should
obtain eontroL and we for one shall do all
in our power to foster moderation.
In so doing we expect much opposition
from members of our own party, as well ss
from the opposition. No great cbsnge, es
pecially a change for good, was ever accom
plished without violent opposition. That
opposition we are prepared to encounter,
and it cannot deter us from pursuing a
course which we believe to lie for the best
interests of the wholepeople.
We have often deprecated the paliationof
crime to serve party purposes. Any news
paper or man who pursues such a course but
emboldens the offenders and aids in keep
ing up disturbances which every good citi
zen wishes to cease. The following, from
the Old Earth State, is so truthful and per
tinent, and withal so impartial, that we
copy it, and in doing so fully endorse it :
"We see that certain editors and newspa
per writers are devoting much space to this
subject, and, we fear, with no good effect
They seem to be endeavoring to paliate, if
not to justify, the Ku Klux by parading the
many similar crimes committed, as is alleged
by the members of the Loyal League These
outrages, among which may be mentioned
the murder of Col. Nethcrcutt, the Foscue
family and others in. Jones and Lenoir,
and the barn burnings, others still worse,
in Orange, cannot be defended. Bat what
good can possibly come of the course now
pursued by certain papers of both parties ?
Retaliation only begets retaliation ; crimin
ation only begets recrimination; violence
under whatever pretence only begets more
violence And shall this thing be continued?
Is there to be no end to these disturbances ?
Are the outrages of the one party to be for
ever kept before the public as a justification
for these of the other ? As long as this is
so peace will never return to bless our bor
ders, but perpetual strife will prevail. How
long will they insist on kindling into a flame
the dying embers of haired that but for such
kindling would before now have ceased to
glow ? Never while the extremists of either
party bear sway in State politics. Surely
the day for moderation: and conciliation
for peace and harmony has come if only
those in authority, and out of it, would cul
Tho XTth Amendment.
The democratic control of this State
says the N. Y. Berald, has stirred up in
Washington again the discussion of tho
point whether a State having once ratified a
constitutional amendment can withdraw its
assent It is still an open question whether
a State can do this in the interval and the
reception of votes enough to secure it . No
one argues that when an amendment has
once properly become part of the constitu
tion the sction of a State can destroy its va
lidity. Now, what makes an amendment
complete ? Simply the giving in its favor
of a certain number of votes. The moment
the last necessaiy vote is cast all possible
recall is at end. The words are that an
amendment "shall be valid to all intents
and purposes as part of this constitution
when ratified by the Legislatures of three
fourths of the several States." Having re
ceived the last , necessary vote the measure
is now, therefore, beyond recall, and to sup
pose the contrary would be to suppose that
any State by its own action simply could
change the constitution.
' Whipping. ' ,"
The Sentinel advocates whipping colored
men. It thinks "it would be better" to
give them "nine and thirty lashes" than
to sentence them to the Penitentiary. It
don't state whether or no it ia in favor of
whipping white men. As the Sentinel often
talks about "colored Democrats" the
colored men should not fail to sec what kind
party should ever obtain power. It wishes
to reenact laws, relics of a barbarous age, for
the whipping of negro criminals. It might
also wish to reanaot similarly barbarous laws
in relation to colored men : who were not
criminals. ' We don't : think that papers or
parties who hold suoh views would do to tie
to and we don't believe that the colored
men will ever bust them. ' '
Queen Victoriaaya the New York Tribune,
has shown a noble consciousness of the true
worth of her position in giving to ths mor
tal remains of Mr: Peabody the ceremonial
honors of Westminister Abbey. This sov
ereign act succeeds well to her better than
queenly solicitude for the health of the emi
nent philanthropist. It-was-the- homage
one good person should pay to another, and
the best respect we can render it is to ssy
that it made us almost forget that her kind
hearted majesty was a queen. Such a(deed
is in itself a benefaction, and gives Victoria
a claim to the gratitude of both bunisphVes.
She has done what she should do-; and that
it seems to us, .is the very crown of woman
hood and of royal womanliopd.
" " Stupidity Rewarded. '
The sagacity' exhibited by the colored
people of the South, since the dayf their
emancipation, in refusing to follow the -lead
of such men ja. Turner, is worthy of, the
highest' commendation. Loosed -jtam'she
shackles J slavery never again to be ex
hibited as stock, and cried off to the highest
bidder by the dealers in human flesh en
joying the inestimable blessing of being a
freeman, to sit undisturbed in the family
circle 'no more to take 's, last farewell Of
wife and children and then depart for the
cotton fields 'of the" Westinvested'witfi
the right of suffrage, and the choice of their
rulers it is the veriest piece of stupidity in
a colored man to be found in the ranks of
the Democratic or Conservative party.. ...
, Such instances of insanity are rtire, but
do exist And the deluded creature, who thus
acknowledges his want of capacity to enjoy
freedom, is more the subject of pity, than
contempt, ... . v
One of the established principles of the
Democratic party is to cheat the colored
man out of his right to vote to keep him
from the enjoyment of the 1 right to hold
office to make him the' serf, as of former
days, and to place him on the same footing
as the Indians, with the simple difference
that heiito pay a tax! With a bland smile
these anti-Republican orators and newspa
pers will tell you this is false I But ask
them what are their principles,' and they
cannot tell you. "Opposition to the Repub
lican party," perchance will be their vague
answer. We know this psrty their men
sad their arms, and we warn the colored
sen to keep aloof from them yield not to
their pleasant smiles, for in turn they will
smite you, and crush you under their feet I
We are led to these remarks by reading
an article that appeared in the Sentinel of a
recent date, which, we have every reason to
believe, is intirely false, and is bat a stretch
of the fertile imagination of the writer, to
hold up to the ridicule of. his readers, the
" ignorance of the colored people." , .
It is true, the colored people of the South
are not educated to any considerable extent
it is equally true, that while in the bonds
of slavery, they were not allowed schools or
the use of books, snd the white man who
dared to instruct them, save orally, subject
ed himself to heavy penalties. For this ig
norance, colored men, you are now held
up to ridicule by the Sentinel, which
is ' an earnest of that paper's love for
you, and which is an index of the
feelings and the policy of the Demo
cratic or Conservative party. It is against
our ideaof propriety to ridicule or bring
into ridicule an unfortunate race they have
oar sympathy, and we would rather elevate,
than pull them still lower down.
To show the animus of the Sentinel, in
this respect, we copy from its columns, the
following very funny bit ot wit (!) which
we trust every colored man will read and
that it will be read by white Republicans
to every unfortunate colored man, who has
sot the advantage of an education. ' This is
in keeping with the respect which that pa
per has, in common with its party, for the
colored people : " At a recent meeting of
the Board of "Brogdcn" Township, Wayne
county, "fur de puppus of transactin de
biznes ob de country fur dat township " as
they expressed it in the Record they passed
two road orders, and then adjourned, having
performed a bard day's work.
One of the Board being a J. P., was then
called upon to "help set on a case," the case
being the trial of two colored females for
an alleged affray. After paying crose atten
tion to the " obedience.,' which was concln
sive as to the guilt of the parties, the wise
Judge declared that "bcin as how he was
onaquainted wid de procedunces in sich
cases, he was onablc to gub judgment "
whereupon, a bystander suggnsted that the
the vote of the crowd be taken, to which
his worship consented.
The justice Wen put the question "It
has been moved and seconded, dat dia
case be dismissed, all of you who is in
favor ob dat motion will let it be known by
saying " Aye.,', The vote was unanimous
in the affirmative, and the case dismissed,
and the last our informant saw of the par
tics they were going towards the doggery "to
git de money changed to pay dc coss."
Another Atlantic Cable.
The more electric cables across the Atlan
tic the better, says the New York Herald.
The quicker and more reliable the commu
nication between Europe and America the
greater will be the advance in civilization
in both hemispheres. Therefore we are glad
to see that the Belgian government gives its
adhesion to the scheme of laying a new At
lantic cable from Belgium to some point, yet
to be selected, upon the American coast,
from Maine to Georgia. Wc need a telegraph
line having a terminus upon our own soil1
We need it in order that we may be to some
extent independent of foreign countries in
the receipt of important news. . The increase
of telegraphic communication with Europe
will increase the business, just as greater
facilities in the postal service and the rail
roads have multiplied the transport of letters
and the proportion of travel. The French
cable has not interfered to any sensible de
gree with the business of the British lines
from Ireland. All the new lines will make
trade for themselves.
Now that we have secured a fair tele
graphic intercourse across the Atlantic, the
next thing to be done is to get a submarine
cable under the Pacific, to put us in imme
diate communication with Asia and the
great empire of China and Japan. (This
can be done to a great extent without going
out of our own territory, by using the chain
of the Aleutian Islands for the overland
portion of the line, and taking our subma
rine points of connection there. A Pacific
cable is there quite practicable. We need
not urge its advantages, but can only hope'
that it will be undertaken.
' A War of Fire ia Cnba.
General Cespedes, President of the Cuban
republic, says the New York Herald, has is
sued a decree urging the Cubans devoted to
the cause ot independence to the destruction
ot every sugar cane field on the bland, and
that " the ripening tobecco crop be also de
stroyed as far as may lie, whether in the
field or after gathered for curing." The ob
ject is to reduce as far as possible the reven
ues of $37,000,000 which Spain derives from
Cuban sugar and tobacco and othcrproducts
mmi frrnim mliii fc alia obtains -h.inc,,.Jcf.
war. mo emancipated oiacKS, woo know
every plantation road, and by-path in the
island, are to be chiefly employed in this
war of fire. "The more effectually," saya
Cespedes, "this work of destruction is ac
complished the more swiftly will our holy
cause be advanced and the goal of freedom
reached." This has a startling sound ; but
such is war. It is precisely the course pur
sued by Sheridan, under the orders of Grant,
in the Shenandoah, Valley, and by Sherman
on leaving Atlanta for bis march to the sea.
Cespedes also aims to strike the enemy in
his most vulnerable point, and we may ex
pect, therefore, that there will be such terri
ble illuminations over Cuba meantime that
with the meeting of Congress, the attention
of tho two houses will be drawn by Geo.
Grant to the expediency or some decisive
measures of intervention in behalf of peace.
. Parties in North Carolina are anxious to
have Oliver Dyer deliver bis lectnre, "How
to Escape Hell at IUleigli. jr. r. Democrat.
v Too late. They have found put now and
are leaving the Democratic party by hundreds,
V Lack"? Mail Facilities.
We are not of that class of persons who
arenevrfso well cntented,.as when they
are finding fault with the governntent, ortbe
private affairs of their neighbors. Nor do we
set oursejresup as models of that' peculisr
virtue known as forbearance. Like most
people, we have our ratAert, and when we
do, we have them with all force imaginable.
If we seem now to complain of the tardiness
of the Postal, branch of the government, we
only give . expression! to the ' feeling and
sentiments of the great body of the people,
ijfth'out"' "regard to "politics,"" sex or color.
Patiently have they waited, " hoping that at
least the old mail routes would be re-establishedbut
they have only waited to be
disappointed, without the least prospect of
any thing better in the. future.
New Routes are not asked for give us
back those that have been taken from us
under the . very false notion of economy I
Extend to the people of North Carolina the
same privileges enjoyed by other States let
them see and know, that the general gov
ernment cares for them that the Post office
department is willing to restore such mail
facilities ss in former times they enjoyed
and it will prove an earnest of good faith,
and will cement tho new wedded ties of the
people to the Union firmly, and surely.
Our people are certainly groaning under a
heavy taxation; but true to their new al
legiance, they pay the demands to the last
farthing and yet they are shut out from
the world, and in many instances yes very
many the nearest post office is twenty
miles,whcre in many other,the distance is still
greater. This is a, grevious inconvenience,
and an evil, in fact, that cries aloud for a
If we Write feehnsrlv. we feel all . we
write. While thousands arc constantly ask
ing the question, " when are we to have the
benefits of mail facilities?" we are reluctant
to believe that the authorities give us no
thought. ' Let the old routes be re establish
ed, and again every household will assume
the intelligence of former days the fanner
will be kept posted in the markets, and the
wealth ot the country will increase, and of
course the government will be enabled to
collect its revenues with less trouble, and
we shall bear of fewer sheriffs' sales.
Newspapers that now drag out a mere
living, will revive thousands of correspon
dence that now lie dormant, will spring into
life and the doors of social intercourse,
which have been hermctrically scaled, will
fly open, and ro-inaugurate the happy times
of former years.
Enough, we trust ! We shall not enlarge
on this subject this morning ; nor will we
promise never a sain to refer to it On the
contrary, until the crying evil, which haa
well nigb grown into a curse shall have been
removed, we will continue to reler to it, and
call upon the Department at Washington
to heed the appeals which we shall make in
behalf of a people greatly wronged.
Genias Stoopeth to Trifles.
Our neighbor-in-law, the editor of the
Sentinel, has returned from carpet-bagging
through the State and is again illumining the
Sentinel with the scintillations of his genius.
We know this to be so. Yet we have not
seen him, neither have we been told of his
presence. How then, do we know it ? Be
cause of a sympathetic intelligence which
makes one great intellect aware of the pres
ence of another? Not much. Indeed, we
may say scarcely. Wc do say, scarcely.
How then ? Why, because in the editorial
columns of yesterday morning's Sentinel
there were two and a quarter edito
rials. The quarter one is so short as to
render the task of determining its author
ship very difficult. But in the other two
there the peculiar genius of our venerable
neighbor-in-law shines pre-eminent The
first one relates to a 'possum supper. Now,
no one but our neighbor-in-law ever would
have thought of writing an editorial about
a 'possum supper. To all but our neighbor-in-law
such a subject would have seemed
unworthy the dignity of a 'leading journal,'
and would have been deemed too vulgar.
But to the transcendent genius of our neighbor-in-law
nothing is too low or too vulgar
to serve him as an editorial, but of the veri
est trash his brilliant mind picks forth po
litical lessons, and his acknowledged legal
accumen enables him to overwhelm learn
ing with a 'possum supper. Wo have al
ways admired the genius and talents of
our neighbor-in-law. That we have ven
erated him we cannot affirm, but
if we rightly understand ouraelf, and
there is a strong possibility that we do,
our feelings regarding hiui have not been
exactly those of veneration.; On tho con
trary they have been mostly otherwise. We
have regarded him with admiring awet
much as tho unsophisticated views the
gyrations and brilliant nonsense of the
circus clown. Hence,' deeming all things
possible to him, we wrrc not astonished
when we saw him demolish the University
with the history of the tragedy of the 'pos
som supper. But we knew that our neigh,
bor-in-law was the man who did it. None
other could make so many charming
grammatical blunders, and put up so many
pleas;ng orthographical errors in the same
space as was done in yesterday's Sentinel.
And then that other charming editorial
about the negro stealing the hog. What a
useful political lesson docs it convey ! Of
what a value to the people of the Stato
must it prove ! And above all how much
better is the world now that it is written !
We know that all these things must be,
although such is our unhappy weakness
we cannot see how such an editorial will do
them. Yet we know it must do them, else
why would our talented neighbor in-law
write it ? In reading his last editorial one
can but wonder at his power of description
The reader at once imagines himself the
venerable (we believe he is venerable)
Primus and entering the cabin can see the
" steam " ascending for the box. Such is
the powerful effect of " narratory " talent of
our n. i. L (lint one could almost believe
that it was our a.-i.-l. himself in the box
because of the graphic narration. Yes, we
know he is back. To-day will tell the story
for certain. If he is here everybody whom
the Sentinel dislikes will get blackguarded
and abused, or at least as m&ny as his space
will allow. Let us see.
New Jersey Elections.
The Republicans nf New Jersey made
iiood sains thisjjear nnd are .confident of
being able to civet a'Ropuljlteiro so the XTni-
ted States Senate next year. The Newark
Courier says " The Senate stands eight Re
publicans, eleven Democrats, and one inde
pendent, the latter elected by the Republi
cans over the regular Democratic candidate.
Next year Cape May, Burlington and Passaic
will elect Republican Senators, which will
changethe political complexion of that body.
In the House wc lose four over last year, and
gain four certain, giving the Democrats five
majority, and it may be even less. We have
not the slightest doubt of being able to re
turn a Legislature next year that will elect
a Republican United States Senator."
A New Orleans swell threw a hui;e boquct
to a danscuse with such correct aim as to
knock her quite off her balance and tumble
her prone upon the stage. Exchange.
, Something like that happened at Ford's
theatre in this city on Friday night Somo
adini cr of MUs Alexander threw a huge
boquet at bur with such a bad aim that one
of the actors upon the stage napped it be
tween the eyes, causing him to see a myriad
of very beautiful but painful stars.
C DeaifcofOld ''Ironsides." y
Commoddrdharles Stewart isdend. snd
the last survivor ot revolutionary metloqr is
gone. Commodore Stewart bore the wa
mission pf the second President of the JTni
ted Stales, and has witnessed three greaj rev
olutions of later ages : the American revolu
tion, the French revolution, and the late
rebellion. He was honored with the title
"Old Ironsides," having commanded the
frigate Constitution during a part of the
war o'f 1812, in one engainent in which he
a. : M . n A f 1 1 immnFtnl TTp waa
i 'i -' . rlrJT:TiavTTrimosl Instances bei-n Inff.j
one of America s most gaiiam neauicu, ami
nis namestanus wrn-ivn ,,,,1TOu,....
The following Diiei skukji
of his life wc take from the Winston', (N. j.)
Sentinel; . ,-' !:'- . - n-.:. :
"Commodore Charles Stewart died at Bor
dentown, in this State, on Sunday last, aged
ninety one years.. He was born in Philadel
phia, of Irish parents, entered the merchant
service when only thirteen years of age, and
steadily rose from cabin-boy to the command
of an East Indinman. In 1788 he abandon
ed the merchant service, and was commis
sioned a Lieutenant in the navy. In 1800
be commanded the schooner Experiment,
and in 1802 joined the frigate Constellation
ss First Officer. He was appointed to the
command of the brig Siren in 1803, and took
part in the expedition to destroy the frigate
Philadelphia, and afterward in the Beige and
blockade of Tripoli . At the commencement
of the war of 1812, he was placed in com
mand of the Constellation, and assisted in
defending Norfolk and Crany Island. In
1813 he assumed command of the Constitu
tion, and during a year's cruize succeeded in
capturing several British vessels. In Febru
ary, 1715, he fell in with the British ships
of war Cyane, of 34 guns, and the Levant of
21 guns, and captured them both, alter a
sharp combat of forty minutes, Having 8
men killed and 13 wounded, while the ene
my's vessel lost 85 killed snd 42 wounded.
TheLevant was subsequently re-captured by
tlie British squadron, but the Constitution
escaped with her other prize. On his return
he was received with the highest honors.
The Legislature presented him with a sword
and a gold mudal commemorative of the
capture of the Levant and Cyane was order
ed to be struck by Congress. He command
ed the Mediterranean squadron from 1817 to
1820, and was afterward transferred to the
command of the Pacific squadron. From
1820 to 1833 be served as a member of the
Board of Navy Commissioners at Washing
ton, and in 1837 he succeeded Commodore
Barron in command of the Navy Yard at
Philadelphia. Upon the death of Commo
dore Barron he became the senior officer in
the naval service. H-j was placed on the re
tired list in 1861, after an eventful career of
sixty-three years' service. He has since re
sided in Bordentown.
A Falsehopo Nailed.
We arc more than surprised that the Sen
tinel should be so eager to give currency to
rumors, when facts are lacking to back them
up. The latest sensation appeared in that
paper of yesterday in the shape of a desper
ate assault upon the person of some innocent
and unoffending female. , We are authorized
in making a flat denial of the whole story.
On the night in question, Kemball was with
the militia, Lieut O'Conly in command, and
knows of his personal knowledge that the
militia are not guilty, even if such a crime
has been committed which is exceedingly
Capt Rnscinond, nf whom, and against
whom, the tongue of slander can invent
nothing, has spent two days, Sunday and
Monday, in the neighborhood where the
crime is said to have been perpetrated, and
lie failed to hear anything of it, until he ar
rived in Raleigh ; nor ha? a gentleman, of
high-standing, who resides in the immediate
neighborhood, heard a word in relation
The awful and frightful story of sixty
shots being fired at the door of somebody's
house, is a stretch of imagination equal with
the other story. And the story of the mili
tia pulling a young lady out of ber room is
equally untrue. It is also false, that the mili
tia have been alarming the neighbors be
wantonly firing their muskets.
Aa Attempt in American Waters to En
force the Dogma that Privateer,
ing is Piracy.
An English war vessel, writes a Cuban cor
respondent of the Herald, was sent out and
found that the steamer was the Lillian ; that
she was flying the the Cuban flag, claiming
to be a privateer, and that her name had
been changed to the CetpeJes. : She was
thereupon seized and taken into Nassau,
notwithstanding the fact she claimed to be
on the high seas, thus showing that she was
regarded by the English authorities as a pi
rate. .-..,,,-..., ;
Now, until within the last eight yeara, all
nations have recognized privateering as one
of the acts of legitimate war ; and all have
practised it About eight or nine years ago,
some of the European powers, dreading out
growing capacity to injure them by priva
teering iu case if war, undertook to make
privateering illegal in war by treaty stipula
tions to which we were invited to become '
party. Our government promptly refused
to accede to the proposition, and the right
of privateering in war still remains an
American right. ' As the Lillian could only
be seized by the British on the assumption
that she was a privateer, the least that our
government could have done rightly was to
protest against the application : of the doc
trine of illegality to piracy in American
waters. But Grant and his Secretary did
nothing to assert tho American doctrine,
and the Lillian if released only because she
w as not a Cuban privateer.
Cost of Diplomacy.
Some of our contemporaries, says the
New York Timet, have discussed an article
which recently appeared in these columns
on the relative cost of the American and
English diplomatic services. The tone of
dissatisfaction with our own service is very
general. The writers appear to think that
our Government appoints incompetent men
to foreign Missions, nnd pays them a great
deal more than they are worth. . " We do
boldly assert," remarks -one, "that the
American people get less real roturn for
more money expended in this direction than
any people in the world." If this belief
should ever become general, it is p"ssible
(hat tho plan of; training, iipioun" men lor
too diplomat lo career, and admitt ing sVEWF
to it only after passing an examination, will
be attempted with more success than, has
hitherto attended it. Successive Secretaries
of State have endeavored to in trod uce it, but,
after all, they have been driven to use the
only instruments at their command that is,
men who have been suddenly made diplo
matists, without the least regard to their
merits or qualifications. ' '
A Heavy Failure ia New York. ,
The failure of the house of A. Binhver
& Co., wholesale liquor dealers in New York
established in 1776, was announced in that
city on Monday, ami created' much excite
ment in business circles. This firm occu
pied the sumo position in the line of its spe
cial business as that of A. T. 8tewart & Co.
in dry good?. ' It was the oldest hom-e of
the kind in this conntry. It Is stated that
the assets of the concern greatly exceed the
liabilities, but that it will take tome time to
reduce them to ca-h. 'The creditors havo
been askei for an extention. of lime, which
will probably be granted.
'. ISriudlMaln AcMnnr.r
f (7s , . " vior.
The Wilmington Journal of Sntni-j
n" alluding to.the Decent troubles i 0 H
. "All the information we hav v.
Shat portion of ;;the .State satisfi f
ttye people there were not actuated hi
political considerations or by any , ""l
nism to the negro race. They soucu11'
security and protection for person an,i 0llf
erty." 0(1 P'op-
The information with which our
norarv has be en 'furnished is nn' w
ble. It is evident that the wronm
I colored people have been on .
. , . t.i . . ,. "--""otrf
Republican party. Indeed so palpj .
this fact that to use argument to prTe .
would be offering insult to the iatcl; "
of the Conservative leaders, whic,
know is .par exetUence! That it
1CMS III., .1 1 1 fLl.VUVWl. V.i .
man entertained of the race, is too0(
to evm hint at, and it is a verj,, 01'
ttT. intlnoA fur the mnrrlnni n.i Prp'
j , - i
which have been inflicted on tliem...
say, in perpetrating these deeds the
i l u .. .
tectum for person and property"
shield them from tho law, when thn"11
brought to the bar of our Courts. " ''
The Journal wounds its friends ia u,w
house, when it offers as an excuse ton, "
violators of law that they took the U-'
their own hands to redress a ranou"
cause they had no confidence in the im i
tiality of Judge Tourgee, or mil J!!!"
tiality of Gov. Holden." This i tra, "
unfortunate position for the Jimrnal tot
it looks very much like an endorstment
the acts of the Ku Klux and if it it
will be extremely difficult for that paper,,,
convince the people to the contrary.
In no case has Judge Tourgee acted otlw
wise than impartially in the discharge of hi
duties ; nor, to our knowledtre. can th, !.
iinLuia wcicuuii m:i n i n n oii iirirv.-i
plied charge of corruption against Gov.
Holden be sustained. On the contrary, the
reverse is true : these two State officers who
have been singled out as corrupt, and par
tial in the dispensation of the law, Imvi
hcld up the scales of justice, blind to prtr
and tq individuals and this is the sun i'p
fact, of their offence, and this has Iron-lit
down the hatred of the old aristocrat n-i,
would rather die than to concede to the m. :
ored man the privilege of trial bj jmj, m,
equality before the law.
The old prejudice of master and slave
still lingers with them. They cannot firp-t
the power they once held to command snj
to enforce obedience neither can titer
yield to the condition of things with wliic
they find themselves surrounded it re
quires more grace than they possess, ami
hence they hate " the negro man," and seize
upon the merest pretext to do him injury.
These facts are potent. Would that te
could feci that they arc not It is not pleas
ant for us to even contemplate the feelings
which exist against the newly made freemen
no more than we delight in referring to it
through the columns of our paper ; still,
under a sense of duty, which we can not
shirk, we are bound to speak out in behalf
of an innocent people who arc not responsi
ble for thoir condition, but who are misrep
resented, sought to be oppressed, abused
and murdered, and for the offence uf
being free and of being true' to that la;
which will protcctlhem, since it has been
unfurled over them as citizens of the United
Let us bear no more paltry excuses for the:
deeds of rapine and murder which hare
been visited on the colored people of tin
State. The true cause is their color, am! tie
tenacity with which they cling to Rat pnrtj
which hat placed them in the position of .fret
men and citizens.
" The Coolie Trade.
The coolie trade has long been carried on
with many of the tragic incidents which
used to characterize the trafic in slaves.
The horrors of the " middle passage," says
the New York 7i&n,are renewed again and
again in the transportation of these unfor
tunate emigrants. The latest instance which
has come to light is that of a French bark,
Tamaris, which left Macao on the 6th of Feb
ruary with 200 coolies on board. There vss
a mutiny, and the Captain was murdered.
The crew escaped in boats. A. Dutch-man-of-war
was sent from Java in pursuit of the
bark, : nd when the coolies found that they
would be obliged to proceed on their voj-
age scores of them jumped overboard, others
took poison, and the vessel arrived in port
only seventy-five of the emigrants were alive
All attempts to regulate this trafic bav
hitherto failed, but one would suppose tliai
a lesson like this would be enough to cause
ship-owners to be more cautious for the ft
ture how they embark in it
, A New Mode ol Warfare.
. The destruction of the whole sugar crop
by the Cubans may, says the New Yirt
Herald, prove a terrible blow to Spain.
What Cuba stands for in the Spanish m
archy is a mine. She is a source of i
mense wealth, and the revenue drawn C"
the island has long been the only if
Spanish finance. Spain has no w in ik
year of the rebellion a deficit, and if ' ,B"
other year Cuba stands in the returns oppo
site a vast army expenditure, with no equiv
alent revenue from the crops, the revolution
in Spain may fail through actual - financial
collapse. No revolution can defy finsw
save one that lias its origin and impulse di
rectly from the people, as the French revo
lution had. This in Spain is not of that
character. Cespedes, therefore, in the dc
traction of the cane crops, in making Cabs
a desert, lias it in his power to strike '
Spain a more terrible blow than the Spn
birds deem possible.
Things do not appear to be improving w
North Carolina. The negro militia, which
was quartered in Wake county, not far from
Raleigh, is still there, and its depredations
and outrages upon the surrounding country
are of an atrucious character. Riehmn
We once again characterize all these re
ports as false and purely sensational. No
shooting at citizens or other outrages Ivc
been committed by the militia. If such were
the case no paper would have condemned
them more severely than the Standakd.
We are for even and exact jciti.ee to all, and
never knowingly misrepresent the utfio"9 f
friend or foe. We think it hardly fail mr
the papers of other States to be circulaUiii
reports to the prejudice of North Carolina
DUl uo not snow mat nicy nre w .""
when the Sentinel, a NoithXarolina paper,
sets them the example.
. state Xrisnslatnre.
This body assembles to-day, Monday ; and
as we go to press the members are gathering
in tho r.i.;ft.l T ; u . ... .
. -v.-jsitu.. A u, tuuugui. uierc wilt be
a quorum present. '
The Governor's Message is looked for I
with much anxiety, and will, we dpubt'not
be Sent in to-mnrrnn- Tl,Plair f
Wc trust that the deliberations of the two
bodies will be conducted with jmdecce
anil th.l ........... ;,, 1 . A I i , -
sent sessiou. '
' W.. .....!. . I
dan Stone, Esq., editor of the Roanol,
.uu,w w ul jnoue Orion
a most interesting nrcasinn on1 vl
doubt, unite himiuir a wnrtl 00
gentlemen accompanying him at this 0
will probaily keep him all right- If 1016
wc respectfully refer him to' PikeJ L nat
- AiicisLinjiinnik.. .
Whim ot ti' Ol ,
Standard.-Tarboro Southerner, a - v - "1
If he cies this way well fix ML '
any account of thatToiuCL, 'r .
- , .. . .. Teamen t
- u mat thSL.ii,
whcn.:t:hat " leedle spbeech
hat " leedle imVuuv.1, L.
gcot asmycr vas," that's all,