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South-eastern Independent. (McConnelsville, Ohio) 1871-1871, April 14, 1871, Image 1

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6h rose op in the earlr am
And white nod silently she moved
About tbe house : Kour men bad pone
To battle for tbe land tbejr loved;
And she, the mother and the wife,
Wai'ed for tidings from the strife.
How still the house Memed; and ber tread
Bounded like footsteps of the dead.
The ion? day passed. The dark night came.
8 be had not sal a f-
Bome voice spoke suddenly her name.
How load it sounded, in that place
Where day on day no ound was heard
But her own footsteps. - Bring yon word,"
8 be cried, to whom she could not see
"Word from the battle-plain to met"
A soldier entered at the door.
And stood within the dim firelight.
"I briny yon lid in its of the four,"
He said, "who left yon for the fight.
"God bless you, friend!" she cried, "speak on)
For I can bear it. One is gone?"
"Ay I one is gone 1" he said. Which one f
"Dear lady he, your eldest son."
A deathly palor shot across
Her withered face t she did not weep.
P-h said, 44 It is a grievous loas, -
But Jo -ritejs His bowiepr-V
; w'hat of the Bvlng-of h threes f
. Aud wben can ther come back to mer "
The soldier tamed awa-rifcxt head
t 'Lady, your husband, too, is dead."
i n f- . - r .
I "rib P"t her hand upon tor wre--, - - -. 1
A wild sharp palu was in hef eyes.
"Hy husband) oh (rorHielp me now."
The soldier shivered a: her signs.
': The task was harder than be Uoaekt.! i " '
, "Yoitr yonncew soo. deariiudam. Tjuzht . ; i
- ' Close at bia-retber'eeide; both fell Z . ' . i
, x-eaa, py toe Dureting of a shell."
'" Bbe -woved-her 1!r end smeiuid te
it ner isce na puiea to allien grsyv- .
"Then one is left roe i alone,"
i oe eaidV'of four who marched away,
Oh Qver-ntling All-wi;e God, - - - - . -
. Mow can I pass beneath Thy rod!"
. The soldier walked across the flooT,' ' 1
lt. .Paofcd at the w indow at the door v
Wiped the cold dew drops from his cheek'"'
aoq soagni rne mcnrm-rs sloe aaln.
"Once more, dear IshIji.1 meat speak.
Your last remaining son was slain
Jast at the dosis ? or tbe fight.
, Twas he wbs lutBsstn to night.''
"God knows," the man said afterward,
"The n;ht Itself was not as hard."" -
Over Mount Cenis.
1 Lippincoti't Magazine for April, Mrs.
Ettran-n. Yiistcr, aaagntetoTBrs. JSenHile,
Piyesa graphic picture of a railroad ride
CSyef Monnt.Crh&H As ;tle trade irtpBs
ppwatd the cliffs grow sheetacd beatling,
..lhe.peaka,are lugher, : tlic gorges deeper,
tst nai sua iewer ana smaller, uie remote
ness from all human lift is more solemn! v
feU.i. Day was declining, anU the aunlight
. crept aigher and higher, lying hrv-Lros8
nhe Bembre-fitctfof fhe raoontaiii-as h iobk-
ed-ffirth from its tMtod of snow, then on
the brown woodlands Vwhich clothe the
steeps, then ovecMntches of dark-green
pieJoreU oa colder height, and last orr
us wmte summits, natu tney giowed with
rjolor" which is litceV no sunset, bat the
dawn of &n eternal dar: Sometimes the
road raa between, walk f rock which al--MKVshtit'
oot the fkjf nrerlas4Ruig
frozen waterfalls tbat spring down in sum-;
'toef with al single ee,ri-oow OBsv-Jroa
icicie,nnsiiei-iiR:e a'TJorftf cohmin. The
streams that feed them are frost-bound in
theit rocky beds we saw no tiring water
escepi me torrent wmcn rusties sparkling
.. and .iii&muic; beside the track!lu clear
- waves lookiDg bright and black between
'"the snow-coTercd "banks. -"Sometimes the
. . road cioeged a undee. '.where xe. him a: In
' mid -err, and looked' dowa -into the heart f
, the mountainarent with gorges and chasms,
a mere c&aos oi crags, aud abysses, andhe
snow lying over all. At internals- wc saw
perched on a ledge.--oyerhead a village in
its solitary squalor, a mere huddle of mis
erable cottages. vwiUt. a little ch-jch ; in
anotner instant we were looking down up
on Its spireT "WTieni the last of these was
.- Jeft behind, lonciiness- became supreme.
' - - ETening came dowa npon a aaepect which
'"was growing stem and awful r "the hnga
- boulders oa the .banks and In the stream
- looked like blocks of ice j the tuutet of
. ' lock rising abruptly amid the snow-cerer-
r d slopes were as white as the barriers of
' the Arctic world. t or a while the horuon
was wrapped In the gray of twilight, and
objecta were indiiUnuunable ;thea by de
grees the moon gained power and pre rail
ed, and showed a wenderfhl scene. There
ts rwas not a tree, a shrub, a rock in sight : we
. were. croaiii a Dlain '. sheeted In white.
Close aboTftifrwere the highest peaks of
tne monntam, r ana stooping- down -orer
them the dark blue midwinter night sky
and its green starsTThe universal snow
around us lies there for half the year; the
snow above ns ia tbe snow that never
WJneUa., .The moonlight shed a, silvery
--ebeeB over the whole .there was only the
snow; the mountain-top, theskjr, and the
lights of heaven. ' ' .
An Interesting Case of Conscience.
.... . , .. (
In 1866 a rnercharrt feeeived through the
post-office a letter, writter in a disguised
hand, as follows.- " -.
"I owe the" firm oF , f , whicit I
stole, and am anxious to pay.? I hope to
eilyott-ot it personally, some dy:?n
the meantime Iwill mail you ten'dollars a
week, commencing the first of July, Gil
paid - interest and principal'' will be two
sW thousand dollars.- s !.- - D "not
try to discover me. I send one dollar now j
if you accept, please advertise in the Her
owJPerson4lVan4a gn yourself X.
The merchant replieS ""as requested.
Every week, from that date, an. envelope
was received through the mail enclosing
""ten dollars, and nopther wrWflgbut the
- number of . tie payment, until the two
.- hundredth payment' ww-'oelved, - with
the following lines ,wriUen,Ji, nhasaine
disguised hand : . u --r .... .
r4 -' si 1
.ia Two hundredth payment. I send ten
dollars more ; if yon have got thenv alL
? please advertiseln the Miroid 'PersonalsJ
..il not, please advertise how nmris areJost
j ana j. wui sena utem. '
- -The merchant replied,-Th' tw9 iunf
; h.w fJ xn.u. u ail ,II"IH.
xCotae and see me, and your name shall be
sacredly confidential1 A few weeks after
this, a young man met this merchant on
the sidewalk and landed him a copy of
the New York. Sarali, pointing out the
advertisement under the head of Person
als, and with a trembling voice said, " I
.am the person who wronged yon while in
.w yon r employ", od bare been making my
weekly payments to too until i -paid the-
' J'debt,-which I hope God lias firgiven. ' t
.'. ."Never was my surprise greater," says
the merchant who communicates tins fact,
Mftian te tttmnA ItAfWA ta injtiinflnAl
had for two hundred weeks, without fail,
paid me out of his earnings- the amount
he-had taken from me; and he, vneof
,t whom I never had the least suspicion.'-' i
. Buck an instance of continued steadiast
ness of purpose and vnostentation, is evi
dence of true penitence and thorough re
form. It should be recorded as an exam-1
pirs im wcry un w ihj una own rutjty 01 1
'this sin. It "is proper' to add. that this
' joing man Is now" is a" rorperons fcnsi
ness, enjoying the confidence of his fellow
men, and is a worthy member of a Christ
tian church. 1 Blsaani ts he whose trans-
: gresskm ie ibrgiven, whose sin is covered."
Isaac B.'Sawtell, better-known as
r " Yankee Doodle," Is s Bostoifinstitrrtron
that early risers can. see every morning
between 7 and -8 -o'clock, perambulating
A Washington street, whistling the national
' - air.- The proprietor i this whistle is a 1
fc cobbler by trade, "and the tune he has
adopted as his trade mark,' and by it he
heralds his coming.- lie is a man of 60,
: singuiady flressed, and when he has gath
ered a baok4oaaf boots and-shoe-that
need wending he happily. tradgea to his
shop whistling . the same ' tune all the
while, and duly whistling- them - back to
their owners - when .repaired. - He has
iT .teen thus engaged 13 years,- and has- ao--
nniml nnitj o fnrtnnA rnr Tli 1nflTlBtl-
A woBSJtiff in England, having to mend
a broken lead pipe thre ugh which a enr-
rant of. water was passing . with a pressure
- -of fifty feet head, piugctaltheiwoends,
and put salt and "water around them. -In
five minute the wattr was frozervthe pings
., taken out, a new piece soldered in, the ice
' thawed out again, and the pipe in perfect
"'order.' -- 'I'ii- I.
Fkcaai. - Lajtoivdt or Boaedesq
- Hocan. u Coming home to dinnery Mr.
rown?" Hearty Boarder" Wellr fet
- taps, if li6a'iml terjL. . .
f rf--r-f ' ' - ! - - -. , . .I... v ..-. , y. i'-re -.'-to, ;, eVcsr m 1 ?'----' t --T r"11!''! "f ,
..OolUME I.
-'-II RvooiES ned near Crawfish
Creek, .Crawfish Cretk, Wp. near ThQmp-
Banutryj icemson juw'wastij a oett
ern State, but how is In a middle one. It
was always ia the-midst of m gtrat cvunlry
accepUngJacal testlmonT .id a. rank
growth of corn and politicians as the test
oi greatness. 1 he cans the fie was monot
onously parched in summer and monot
onously muddy at aH othef times. The
forests, were gigantic, the.air carbonic and
when the ciuiem wished to give Thomp
son City the highest commendation, they
did 69 by saying that " ferenagur-' was
worse In some other placei. ' .-j;
"In "the' parloi- of Mrs. Itugglea, wnicn
was also her kitchen and dining hall, hung
a frame containing a set en uyUae imrfoT,
which was the frame's etc use "for" being,
although a compartment above and
one below-, held squares- of .glass cov
ered with paint instead itC mercury. The
lower one was colored like the contents of
a washtnh after-a -liberal imse- of lndiro:
and In the center was a honanckal wtmke
of red, surmounted by a perpendicular
dash of whiteijntersectedrbv.an obliauc
line of blackall of which represented a
red boat with a White sail and black spar,
making an endless voyage across the hike
df indigo, r The black crosses in the sky
Wereu-ds.' The black lines-' on the left
were bulrushes.. And anion? these bul
rushes a certain .gloomy little, object was
either a Hebrew prophet or a muskrat.
Above the mirror was painted a long-
tailed coat, from behind which -extended
a hand holding a bell-crowned hat, to
whose scarlet linine the holder seemed in
vitlnir the spectator's particular attention.
There were also, a rtair of le?s and .boots.
a heavy shork: of hair", a labyrinth of
neckcloth, and a florid human lace, ten
der the boots wem the Words :
And "thft "beholder was ever" in doubt
whether the Marquis was 1 tying to stand
exclusively pon this title, or -was un
consciously trampling it into the ground.
Mrs. Rueeles admired this picture. Her
knowledge of frepchwasnot great, but her
ear was delicate;-and thinking the words
t sounded handsome,'' she had deliberately
conferred them on her first-born. When
4b good humor, she was content with call
rag him - Jlarqnls-de. 'in tact, U was
only-when chasing him into the street.
with a lilac bush in tier hand, that she
Insisted on addressing him by his fan name.
At such' times, between each flourish of
the lilac bush and each yell of the young
nobleman, she pronounced with significant
lulintss, and with lcariul, ciactuess, the
handsome-soandinr rants of ilarouia de
la Fayette Ruggles. flis playmates, how
ever, had sot the deuoateiear of the
mother, ancLastheson had brown speckles
on his lace, he was popularly .known as
. Mrs. S Bogles . and uer 'late - nmband
were pioneers in Crawfish Valley. Bub-
sequent settlers" knew little, and apparently
cared less, snout ner mey Knew, how
ever, that she had been Peebles., and
that Peables blood was still doing duty in
her veins. 'And. from her independence
and res rve, they argued that thePeableses'
FmifffcMStf frsattii iiiyhisipMi at smsm -wi
the estimation of .Mrs. Buggies. After
Mr. RuggsBS had been-overcome by mala-ria-ia
clearing the .creek bottoms the
Lprideof the Peabieahad enstained iter in
long brave tight with ctrcue stances.-
it was while he lay one night upon bis
death bed, mistaking a watching neighbor
for his wile, that he. started up, saying,
KBecky,.if I could prove it to you afore I
Out of his head" was the ouiet re-
mask of Mrs. Rnirgles to the-watching
V1 -l . i i -r - , -n,
neiguuor oy tne Deusiae. i nere was no
further sign of delirium. ' That exclama
tion of the dying Mr. Rurgles was a mys
tery to the women of Crawfish Creek.
and remains so to this day. c
it may be that-tbe pride of Mrs. Kng
gles was in excess of her wisdom. It may
be, ifhat pride had bean a little more re-
speoted by the- irrevereut-,. Crawfish set-
uerB, tney wouta not -nave naa occasion
to wonder, as1 they'1 did "wonder, how a
heart so tree, an ho ties tv -so stoical a dis-
cri m inatton. so acute, ccmld exist . with an
independence so absurd a. mind so uncul
tured, a sense of dicaitv so ridiculous, as
were lbund united, in her character. It
may be that the Peables blood was worthy
of receiving honor as great as the ridicule
did recieve. It may be if the world
had known the Peableses it would have
been as proud of them as she was.
She was a person of scrupulous neat
ness, careful never to be seen by strangers
except in a tidy-dress, and with her hair
a Grecian knot, gracefully secured by a
leather string and a wooden peg. "Weak
creepingsV. .wens her main relhtnce in the
way m disease, she was also troubled, at
times, with a "fullness of tbe head." In
addition, there were other times when her
right side "felt separate."! But she seldom
complained oi anything belonging to her
selC Even her maladies, she took treas
ure in. knowing, were very different from
tbose enjoyed by'certain- other women.
Unwilling to be too familiar with any one
baKKhana Kngele hsaally dined as
sue urea, atone; wiu ner noble eon.. ' i
mrfyi ft eerlMA summer evening she stirred
tea a long Mine ia silence., -he stirred
vigorouiJy, creating a maelstrom inside
hier cup, where, very .like a whale in the
story books, a little -crust ol bread disap
peared and reappeared, and' sailed round
and round as if very much perplexed.
Then she Tmconsctously-Teversed the cur
rent or tne maelstrom, sending the baked
and battered whale to the bottom.'' t
I never- see that 'air Miiler, no odds
how-well I . be," -she remarked, mechani
cally, to the tea-pot, " but what I feel weak
creepin's coma over me. lie puts dye stuff
his baird-- An' when a mau's whiskers
gray an' his head keeps black, it's a sign
uses his jaw more'n he does hid brakis.
An' that yaller-headed doll-baby o' his'n
thepecrt thing! I n lay fifty cents slie
never washed a flish. , To- think o' her
siyin' a think like that about Markisdee ! .
an' there s more o the feables in him to-
day- rrt I r'pose'she dont fchotr no bet-
te.'! And Mrs.! Rnggles -rose from the
table, while thorar Mier apron made
sudden rourneyto the corner of her eve.
was evident her moral nature had re
ceived a wound that rankled.: -. .1 , .
7 A year before this time the Marquis and
his playmates had., watched several vigor
ous fellows plant a theodolite on the bank
Crawfish Creek, very . much as the na
tives must have ' watched the Spaniards
plant their .first cross on San Salvador.
The contract for grading the new railway
bed was in the hands of a stranger named
Miller, who was said to have known better
days, and, in the time of his prosperity,
had been' thought a proper person to be
called Oolonel.- He was a bluff man of 50
years, who appeared to have known the
npe and downs -of life, and whose .deter
mination to wear a black beard was equaled
only. , by . its -determination - to be gray.
Rumor said that he had been a railroad
president, that he had made and speatxast
sums ofTnoney," and" that his "home was
somewhere in the' East. 3 : r 1 is .1
Bi-onlyMia,-AUeer9ii: or twelve
years 01a, nngut, tair, tun or animal spirits
who was indulged to the last-degree by
the roughly generous Colonel; sometimes
accompanied him about the half develop
ed country, searching lor 'strange birds
and blossoms in -the woods, or -watching
dt-murely the laborers ply -their picks and
shovel while he inspected their work-
The. two rocLi almost daily bttwem
Thompson City and the line of excava
tion, passing the house of Mra. Ruggles,
andacool-sDrine near it. wher.m that
lady had obtained the water which made
toe tea which was itirrea into the mael
strom which has'bee deser!bed.r'WTiile
obtaining ft, clad in her working gftrb, the
patter of hoofs and a clear, girlish lugh
sweet as tne carol 01 a meauow-iark-cama
ringing along-.tte lane. . Jl the Colonel
mid Apre , halted to ,Iet her.hlgb-memed
Don v. in db is heavier Morean.iiriuk, Mrs.
Ruggles, who could not otherwise escape
eD&ervation,- with ueoamtng pnoe- ana
model tv sti-nned behind thelhick willows.
li aving the Marquis with a pail of water
Between his leg, and a bunco. 01 moiuea
feathers in his hand.-- ki - - :
Ha stood dumb - before the lovely girl,
with hef face sparkling -from exercise and
enjoyment, and her golden hair cpine
from its prison of bine ribbon! ' 'While
the horses drank, she espied a cluster of
coolvloleta brightening the damp grass
near the spring., ane Jiaruuts naa pres
ence of mind enough left to. sti p -forward
and plot-k them. Uer '"Thank yon ? ad
ded greatly to his embarrassaaeti "which
he expressed by, rigorously rw latins; the
moiuea learners. , . ... .- -'
What. bird, are ' those . bom f. , asked
Alice. - i -
-a. The question s kauris d hit ftnhswrsss
ment that now the jaarqms coma express
it Only vi obewtnt su cap, and she sum
mgiy waited a moment tor t"e composure
01 tne young naturalist s reelings.
- She was s) km. chtmkv hen.1? wld he.
at length ''she ws a tow, chunky hen,
an, she laid i 07 eggs,' ah' then she had
spazzums an whirled roun till she died."
A btirst of irrepressible laughter es
caped Alice, with thf exclamation,. "Did
anybody ever see such a boy ? Os iue and
her father rode away, -And ihose were
'the exceptionable words concerning . her
son which so rankled that evening in the
heart of Mrs. .Ruggles. -
TheJlarquia gated with hungry eyes
after the airy little figure as it da?hed down
the-urrkrvelv ' Wfrrm fieneed 'road. - The
golden hair, overflowing its bouudaries of
blue ribbon, was more glorious to mm tnan
the golden sunshinabveiflowirifj the blue
sky. They1 met no more at the spflng, bnt
several times a week, from a respectful dis
tance, be watched- her nding by. -.From
Thompson City to- the little log bridee
over Crawfish Creek,-the road lay for four
miles throueh heavy woodsy ihea. came
Cleared fields, and soon the house of Mra
Ruegles. r
So the summer days went by. The sea
son was waning, the garden was almost
done, and soon the contractor wonld be
elsewhere. Then came one particular
warm and sultry day. The screams of lo
custs everywhere suggested that they were
flying. The Colonel, riding once more
slowly out toward the workmen with his
daughter, was near the middle of the for
est. The trees on either hand were tall,
and the road was so straight and narrow
that the sunlight scarcely toucher" it. The
Marquis, in the top of a tall chestnut that
overhung the road near the edge of the
wood, was overhauling a nest of flying
squirrels -perhaps in the hope of finding
mottled feathers on their wings. From
his elevation he could see for a great dis
tance down the level, dusty road between
the trees, and far across the surrounding
tne uoionel slackened his pace, sur
prised that his horse should so soon begin
to drip and pant Alice, familiar with the
road, in the meantime, ridiue a mile ahead.
The Mirquis clung to the topmost
branches, looking at the still sky far above
him, the still stream far below him. the
still tree-tops far around him, till he caught
a glimpse of the only interesting object to
oe seen a olacX pony, bearing its usual
burden, if Alice Miller could be called a
burden, and pacing leisurely np the road
Deneatn nun. tie gazed as far as the pali
sade of trees permitted, but her father was
not yet in sight. -
Suddenly, in the west, a' tingle vein of
lightning darted down the sky. s A few
trees snuauerto, as 11 to snaxe uie gatner
ing shadows "from ' their bosoms. Then
ten-fold stillness. A bird flew past, with
a scream of terror, the Marquis locking in
vain to see a hawk pursuing it" .The dis
tant moan of a cow came front the fields.
Not anotner sound, it seemed, was in the
world. ' ' ,.,'-.," '
In an instant the' southwest was black.
A strange, remote murmur smote the
Colonel's ear. ' Overhead he could see a
strip i of ' hot, hazy ; sky. f ' Had
he seen the whole heavens, he could have
done nothing but go "on. Quickly tbe
murmur became an awful muttering, then
deafening roar. 'The clatter, the rush,
the crash of a tornado, were behind him.
The groans of the very earth were about
him. . The darkness- of twilight was upon
him. ' .Alice and death were before him.
A cloudy demon, towering high as the
heavens, in -whose path nothing could live,
was st ruling nearer and nearer., , T- - -
r arm houses were overthrown. Trees
were twisted off from their roots and torn
to pieces. Wild animals and birds were
dashed to death. Streams were emptied
of their waters. Human beings and horses
nnd cattle were lifttd into the air, hurled
hither and thither, and thrown dead upon
the earth.
The whirlwind was following the line of
the road. Colonel Miller had no oppor
tunity to see this, nor could he ride aside
from that line if he chose. He could but
cryaioudMy darling! O God! Alice!"
aud lash his horse forward. The hieh.
close forest would keep the wind from
lifting his horse from the ground, or him
self from the saddle. But the treat trees
crashed like thunder behind bTm Their
fragments whirled above him. Their
branches fell before him. The limb of a
large- oak grazed his face, crushed his
horse, and both rolled to the ground,
blinded with dust, imprisoned within a
baracade of splintered trunks and shattered
ine Marquis, trom his high lookout,
saw before any one else, the approaching
tornado, and, descending like a flash, he
yernoted its direction.' As Alice reached
the foot of his tree he was on tbe ground,
had seized the pony's mane, was half seat
ed and half climbing In fromt of her, had
snatched the reigns from her hand, and
was urging the frightened animal to its ut
most speed. Overcome with terror and
confusion, Alice clung instinctively to the
saddle and to him, without hearing his
hurried advice to "stick like a old bur
dock." r '."Lsai .-. .,'--. .-x :
They shot like an arrow np the road.
The noise of the tempest was audible.
Closer it was coming, crushing, rending,
annihilating all before it' The way grew
darker. The terrified pony scarce touch
ing the ground., lltsonly will was to go
forward, and he still obeyed a firm use of
the bit But who could hope to outrun a
hurricane f Twelve miles an hour against
eighty I The Marquis heeded nothing.
Not liar behind the road was but a 6lash of
fallen,, writhing - tree-tops. . The sweat
dropped from his face.' He dared not look
behind. !! ;--n. St : .
They reached it the lane by the- log
bridge, running at right angles to the road
and in a moment, behind that lane was
choked with whirling debri; - --
But in that moment they 'had cleared
the track of the whirlwind. For the first
time Alice comprehended the conduct of
the Marquis. . For the first time he turned
to see.., A quarter of a mile each side the
hurricane had carried complete desolation.
But alter passing the heavy timber it had
veered several degrees, and was sparing
the house of Mrs. Ruggles. -rl ... V
With a white face she met them at-lhe
gate. -? A word of explanation from tbe
Marquis an ej aculation of mental anguish
from the girL Two. fugitive tie-choppers
from the woods turned back to find the
Colonel' hody" Mrs. Ruggles, carrying
Alice id. her arms 10 tne aoor-r-ine yauer
headed doll-Wry thst never washed a dish
did what she ccmld to soothe ber, but did
it as silently as possible. 4
7 MrtvRugglee Intercepted the -returning
tie-choppers in the lane. ' .' A look of eater
juy was in meir iacca, j lue-uruisea Uuto
nel, aasi ted to the threshold, sank into the
Dig arm-cnair, and Alice wan m lis arms.
Mrs. Ruggles did not see their meeting,
net at all. No, ber back was toward them.
but the corner of her apron made aoother
tourney to tne corner of her eye aa the
father folded his lost child on re more to
nis heart
His desire to express' his gratitude to
nra. . nuggies ana ner hoy was equaled
only by her fears that he wonld do so. As
a last resort be called tbe Marquis to- him,
and, while a tear stood on his rough cheek,
dre 8 handful of money from hw pocket
But a bony hand appeared majestically be
tween them, and a voice said ( 44 KoU" by
no-means. . We're jiet them kind-, o'- per
sons. Markis-dee, put away the caBifire."
1 Then, a rickctty gig rattle up to the gate.:
"Conftrsion sever no danser there !
be lame awhile eofj-the- other bnudage
bridge gone creek half drr--bend your
lee ecU current turnud un fcireafn now
the shoulder not'strauge Crawfish Creek
Biiuum xuii UKanaiu lici wc : alu i ill
rickety gig- rattled merrily otfin search of
broken bones. . - ' i ;
- Alice, meeting the Marrjnis outside the
door. aoDroached him in a wav that made
Ilia tremole. What was said will never
be known, but she placed her white little
hand upon his shoulder, the golden head
towed for a moment, and her sweet lips
touched his ronburnt lace. .
By remaining . oil'iet thst nicht the
?olonel would be. able to get back to
hoCtrWU City in the morning. Before 2
'clock he was ct rest in the bedroom! A
eouch for Alice had been prepared in the
same room. In the other kitchen, parlor
and dirung-haii a blanket was thrown
down ftrr the Marqnis, and two chaii s fixed
foflhebcdot Mrs. Ruggies. Before retir
ing however, she sat down at her lonely
table: where; notwithstantlinr the tea she
drank to Keep them oil, an unusual nnm
Per Of weak.creenines came over her. . .
- "I Cotldh't help It," Was all she said to
the teapot- -Whether he referred to the
tornado, or her kindness to fas safferers.
or to the manner of rendering the kind
ness, no one knows.' That was all she aaid
to the teapot, bill Ucr sou,. who sat for
a while beside her, she spoke in a low
tode: '"Marbies-dee; - Tot! could never
c verse -With her.'- You're better' n she ia.
Put her out o' yer head. She. laughed at
ye." . . .
-"But she kissed me wF tears in her eyes
afterward," was his answer as he turned
toward his bed on the floor. - - ' s
An hour later the tea was exhausted.
hut Mrs.- Ruegles yet sat at liar lonely
table, as still as the sleepers dround her.
The clock struck 10: slie rjervously drew
a soiled paper from her bosom. Eleven ;
she rose with hesitation and set the tallow
candle behind the door. Then she evltly
entered the bedroom and stood before the
window where Alice lay. The sky wa3
clear. The moon shone oh the face and
form of the' sleeping Hrl, making softer
the graceful lines, richer- the shadows hi
the golden hair, tenderer the tiut of -cheek
and lip. -.',
- She stepped asain into the shade and
stole to the Colonel's bedside.'' His dis
turbed mind had turned backward over
the path of fife from the sudden death es
caped, and, sleeping or waking, his mem
ory had been buy with the people and
events of other days. "
" John Miller ! she said. In a suDnressed
tone. He started. "John Miller, I know
ye. Common name I wan t sure afore
to-day. When you pulled that money out
yer pocket, I see that in yer face that
sausnea me. its tor tne goo-.i name o the
dead I've come. Elsewavs I'd never'd ha'
troubled yej - The -astonished Colonel
shifted his position painfully, prepared to
speak or listen.,.. "There yer. girl lies in
the light o heaven. Kex room my boy
lies In the shadder an dark. - He don't
know, an' he never- wilL 1 John Miller, I
married as honest an' as good a man as
ever you see. , Folks has come to me in
sickness an' trouble, an' gone tehia' my
back to talk. Some said I had done right
to take him 'twas Christian in me. Some
said I must ha' been a fooL Some said we
wan't married a-taU. Wasn't I a Peables?
Didn't I know 'twould be flung up to my
face? Wasn't I prouder'n any on em?"
A moment's confusion and doubting of
senses ; then, as the suppressed voice went
on, the Colonel remembered. A dozen
years ago, before he had meddled with
railroads ; back in the old town ; 6oon after
taking his father's shop; he was plaintiff;
Ruggles worked in the first room ; Porter's
testimony ; Becky Peables the sweetheart
of both ;'burglary; loss trifling; George
Ruggles, for one year; came back and
married when released ; went West The
old case had scarce crossed his mind for
years; ;
"Yes, you sent him, an'. I. waited for
him. Tbe day he come out I married him.
We had to dig hard. I'd do it ag in. Isow
his boy's saved yer girl's life to pay ye for
put tin' his father 'n State '6 Pns'n. -Two
year ago didn't Bill Porter sick an' a-dvin'
hunt till hefonmi me here?-Didn't he
go an swear ? Done for spite. Didn t he
sen me the affydavy? an I've fotit safe.
Got It swore to by him, with the Justice o
the Peace's name signed, an' two wit
nessis, an' the Judge's red seal oa- top o'
that Could I- go- back - an' show that
paper 'n tell how 'twas. My folks a'most
disowned-me when I took him. I said
then I never'd step my foot into their
doors. Them that gives me . the col!
shoulder once don't do it no more. Come
tome? well an' good. Go to them?
never." . ' T ' ' ,
. The bewildered Colonel promising every
reparation, would have thrown himeclf at
her feet could he have done so, for the
part he had taken in the prosecution. But
she permitted no interruption, and con
tinued: "He lay by the winder where
yer girl lies. The moon come in on his
bed as it does on her'n. In the night,
when I see the light o' the sky shine there
where he died, I feel his spent in the
room. I moved the bed to this corner,
where it's darker. -1 wa'n't good enough
to lie there. - Rut 'twas on hi mind lie
said, 1 Becky, if I could prove - it to you
afere I died !' An' I say, George's sperit
sent Bill Porter here, an' sent yod here,
an' sent me into this room to night Now, .
for the cake o him. and Markiss-dee, go
back and tell the truth!"
-Speaking -the word " truth," she van
ished across the light to her dark place of
rest . .- - - . ' v". -" r .i
.2text morning the Colonel ixsrained
and copied the confession while a buggy
waited for him at the door. Respecting
the evident wishes of Mrs.' Ruggles, he
went-away with no attempt to express
the feelings that were uppermost in his
heart. , . - - ... .
She sleeps beside her husband in the
orchard. H- r old log house has been re
placed by a large white box, of which her
son, the Marquis, ia the proprietor. . Each
year adds to his acres or his stock. An
able-bodied wife, whose industry and En
glish are equal to his own, sits near him at
the door on a summer evening,- while he
smokes his pipe, takes an oakum-headed
child upon his knee-, and gaaes quietly in
the direction of the spring and across the
grain fields where once he taw or rather
heard without waiting to - see -a forest
down in a moment He smokes and gazes
as he sees again a' dazzling creature ride
down the dreary roext and wonders where
on earth that face can be, and how . much
it has changed, and whether, tlirough so
many years, any memory of Lira can lin
ger in her heart Ke says nothing. But
he hugs closer the oakum-hcaded child aa
he remembers the one romance in his
hard, humdrum life. Zifpincvtl's Mega
tin. ki
The Report of the Commissioners Submitted
to Congress-Message of
the President Accompanying
the Document.
' ThefoTlcrsrlnff fs the rrideiit"s message trans
Bitting the rvpurt of the ban Domtnro Cosanis
simiers to the 8cnata and oum of Represent.
To Ms St-rmtt awl Ho9 of RftirttxtHalirti "
I hare the honor to ssoaiit berawuh to the two
h'ma of Congress the report of the Commis
si an is appointed In jramranee of ttie Joint reso
lution approved Jan. is, 171. It will be served
that this report more than saelalne all that I have
hofor said U reeard to the productiveness
and baalthfalaess of tt RspnbUo of Psa Ikiaua
go. the nnanlroity of the people for annexation to
Udnited states, and their peaceable character.'
. life due to the poblw, as It certainly is to ary
sMr, that I should here give al! the circumstances
wmcn arss ffsa lu me negonauone wi use venj
for the annexation of the Kublic of San Do-
wtnra to the l' oiled (. When i accepted the
erulowi and sesaonslbla Dostuoo 1 bow hold. I
did not dream of instituting any steps for the c-
vrajsiansi oi waniar possessions, i eeiisvea.- sow
ver, that our Institutions were broad enonshto
exterJd rver the entire continent as rapidly as
other psoplre might desire to bring themselves
ander onr protection. . I believed, further, that we
should not permit ftnf todependeiit government
wiuiia the limits of North Axaerica to pass frost a
condition of rn'tenenrtewe to one of ownershiD or
protection under aa Baropean power. Boon after
my tuaegnrauon as rreauient, a was waitea upon
by ad azmt of President ftaei with a proposition
to -annex the- BepabJi o.' San Domingo to the
United States. This awatleman represented the
eanaeitT of the Wand, toedaslr of the people.
Sad ihelr character and habits about as they have
neen oesnneo "y trie commissioners, vrnose re
port accxraBmJee this mes-aae. - llestatedlnnher,
that beln weak hi numbers and poor ia purse,
they were not oipuMe of oVfelopmff tbelr wreat
Msonrcesi the. the people had no Incentive to ia
dnst'fy on account of the lack of protection for
their accoiiHlstlocS. and that, If net accepted by
tbe United States, whoa tnsiitntions tbey loved
"hove those of anv oth?f Patloti. they wonld be
competed to seek protection elsewhere. ' To these
statements I rwle no reply, and g&re uo indica
tion of what I thonebtef the proposition. In the
course of Urn I was waited on by a second gentle
man from San Domingo, who mane tbe same
fgi'fasnntattoaa. and was received ia ila manner.
ia view pt tbe facta which had been laid before
trie, ana witH lln earnest desire to maintain the
IrSoroe doctrine-. 1 Mileved that I would he der
elict In nir duty if I did tJ! take measures to
ascertain ipe exact wra oi toe f?-7pineni ana
inhabitants ol the BennbTie of San Domlneo to
regard to annexation, and to communicate the in-
rovarauon to tne people oi too unuea mates, un
der ibf eftSnding circumstances, I felt if I torjed
a deaf ear to hi waeal that f ink lit tn furore be
tastly oharged with & lent neijkct of the public
merest ana in ntier uureura wcnam ui
down-trodden race pray Ins; for tbe bkeslar of a
(fe and ttronr covernment, and for proteilion in
lhd enV;inm the fruits of their own Industry.
ThoMoneirafnW to- arrenatlOB who have heretw-
toie professed to be pre-ei.rhrnllv tbe friends of
ine ngnis oi man i neiieven w ui"-r nw mj mum
Violent asealiants if I neglected so eledf ad sty.
Accordingly. ster having appointed, a commis
sioner to visit the lslanA, who dorlined on aeooont
of sickness, I selected a Cc'Cowd, gentleman, in
whose capacity, judgment, and rnfegvity I had,
and have yet, nabooaded coundenca. Ua vfUed
Ban pomllizo. not to secure or hasten annexation,
but nnpreJndireA. to learn tbe facte about the pov
erumwnt, people and resonrcee of that republic
He went.certainly, as well pred to make an nn
fisvorable report as) a favorable one. If tho facta
w.irff!nt It, His report fully corroborated the
views of toe' 5vong commissioner, and npod Its
report I felt thatasfl of doty and doe regard
for our great national interests -wired me to ne
totlate a treaty for the acquisition 01 the Republic
pf a Domingo. As aooa as il became pbik-ly
known ttiat fur h a treaty had been negotiated, the
attention of thht eynretrr was oeeapiad with alle
Kstlons calculated to prejadloo the merits of the
Ssk, an3 Of those whose dnty had totinected them
with it. Aurldst' the; publio exciteiotrrrt thus
created, the treaty failed to receive the rerjdlstte
two-thirds vote of the 6ersle,- and was rejected;
but whether tho action- ot thai bfdy was based
wholly upon the merits of the treaty, or nrnt not
have )- tn haiwo deevee teSnenoad by such a-
ionnded allegations, could not be known by the
people, beca3 tbe debates of the Senate in secret
session ar not publW-.- i , .
Under theto circnmtans; I detTnedltdue to
the office which I bold, and dnd to' tht character
ofth agents who had. been charged with tr in-
resuiration. that sucn proceeaincs snouia c- uu
M wonld- enable people to know the truth. A
Commission was therefore constituted, under the
authority or Congress, consisting of gentlemen se
lected In special reference to their high character
and capacity for the laborious wofk animated to
tbetn, who were instructed to vbit the spot M
report upon the- facts. Other eminent citixens
were requested to accompany the Comp Vision, In
order that the people might have the benefit of
their views. - Students of science and correspond
ents of tbe press, without reeard to political opin
ions, were invited to loin the expedition, and their
numbers were only limited by the capacity of the
meet. -fcta.
Tbe mere relecrlon bv the 8enate oi a treaty ne
gotiated by the President, only Indicates a differ
eace of opinion In the different branches of the
government, without touching tho- character oc
wounding the pride of either. But wben such a
rejection takes place simultaneously with charges
openly made of corruption on the part of the Pres.
ident, or those employed by him, foe case ia differ,
ent. Indeed, in such case the honor of the nation
demands an investigation. This has been accom,
pushed by the reportof theCormiuesionen herewith
transmitted, which tally vindicates the purity of
the motives and actions of those who represented
the Untied State ia tho negotiation .
And now my task is flnisbed, and with It ends
all my personal eolidtuda upon the subject. Ml
duty being done, yours begins; and I gladly hand
over the whole matter to tbe iudc-ment of
tbe American - people and ' theit representa
tives in Congress assembled. The facta
will now be spread before the country,
and a decision rendered by that tribunal whose
convictions so seldom err, and against whose will
I have no policy to enforce. My opinion is
unchanged; Indeed, It ia confirmed by the report
that the Interests of onr country and San Do
mingo alilte Invito the annexation of the repub
lic in view oi ine ainerence ot opinion npon
this subject, I suggest that no action be taken dart
lug the present searion. beyond the printing asi
general dissemination of the report. Before th
next session of Congress tho people will have
considered the subject, and formed an Intelligent
opinion concerning H, to which opinion, deliber
ately made up, it will be the doty of every depart
ment of the government to give heed, and no one
will more cheerfully conform than myself. It la
not only the theory of onr constitution that the
will of the people constitutionally expressed is
the supreme law, bnt I have ever believed that all
men collectively are wiser than any one man , and
if the people, npon m full representation of the
facts, shall decide thai annexation is not desirable.
every depan ment of the government ought to ac
quiesce In thai decision, fc-s- f
In arain submitting to Coo gross tbe subject upon
which the public sentiment has been divided, and
which has been nude the occasion of acrimonious
debates in Congress, as well as unjust annertione
elsewhere, I may, I trust, be indulged to a single
remark:, do man can hope to pertorm duties so
delicate and responsible as pertain to the Presiden
tial office without sometimes meaning tbe hostil
ity of those who deem their opinions and wishes
treated with Insufficient consideration, and he who
undertakes to conduct tho anairs of a great gov
ernment as a faithful pnbllc servant, if sustained
by tbe approval or nu own conscience, mav rely
with confidence npon tho candor and intelligence
of a free people whose best interests he has striven
to snbeerve, and sen, hear with patience the censure
of men. U. S.
following is tho report of tho CVmrrniaston-
ers: - - ......
The report opens bv giving the resolution under
which tbe commission, of .Inquiry, was .ap
pointed. .
In accordance with tbe resol atlou. the Commls.
siouers proceeded to tbe island of Sau Domingo.
Thev traversed the Dominican Republic from end
to end, in several direetiona, either by then- agents
or in perron, one commissioner crossing it from
south to north, and another from east to west. They
pent several weeks at the capital, in daily confer,
euce with the President and chief officers of tho
govern me tit. in examining the ofleial records.
and. as at all other places, in constant intercourse
with the people, ana taking iue testimony oi wu?
n esses. They visited tbe vicinity of the western
border of the country, where it was reported there
were drsrm-hanees. and remained a week at tbe
capital of tho neighboring Republic of Bayti,
wnere some supplementary investigations were
made as to tbe political state and condition, and
form of government. - .
Tho nressnt government of the Dominion Re
public is, in theory, a constitutional republic
Acerrrditir to its constitution, the government is
divided into three branches- tho Executive, Leg
islative and Judicial. Tne nrst consists oi a l-resident
and Vice-Pre Ident elected by an electors
college for a term of six years, with a diderenee
or three ears m tne times ot men- ejection, ikiih
President and Vice-President are Ineligible to the
Pridenev during the following term.
- The President appoints a Coancil of State, eon.
sis ting of the aUnistrsof P nolle Instruction, In
terior, Police and Agriculture; Public Works,
Commerce, War. end idarine.- On one ot these
four ministers the duties, of the ii mister of For
eign Relations devolve, at tbe will of the Presk
dent. Tha legfclatrre branch of tho government
consists ol a ecnaus S'nalo eou nun eiecita oy
primary assembHos, and has two members for the
hcit, of tou Domingo, , two for
loreacaot me oicer provinces uu msimit-iiii,;
members in all.'- These hold office six years, end
may be re-elected. .ach province and district has
a Governor, and caeh parish and military post
Comnvanaant. -nominated by tne Kxecutive.and re
sponsible to him.. The lowue are governed bj
d-rwn.temi.irVw, or Councils, elected by the primary
assembly for three years. The Judiciary coasts-s
oi aSupreme Court, wiro-e scat is at the Capital,
with a President, four ItiaisteTs, and one attoniey
(ieueral, whuare chosen by the Senate, from nom
inations made by toe electoral college, and -who
hoidrtinveTen.j In every province use 'dn-
tnet thera la a rnui-l A? drst instance, sitting 10 the
respective earjitals. eonsistiag of a U(lre, Prose .
cuter, and AMortier-General, ail aonunaiad by the
KiecuUve, aud huiding office five jcars t was
fbirhilttaf this eotrrt bad, in roeiry parts of the re
public, fallen into disuse. Finally, each town and
parish, or eeaomuaei, had an aleado, appointed by
the Executive, and holding omce at his pleasure,'
and corresponding to our justice of tbe peace. In
this latter case, psaciaee jaoartaanly far better than
theory. . Jn an parts of the republic it was found
that the aleado held office vh-mally-durlne; good
behavior, and not ope wet tpand wnose character
did not
The Cotnmlaekmers foand the gmeiuajent or-
ganized and in complete operation in all its de
part meets, exercising every function of legitimate
Soverumentj with Uen. Euanevento Baez as Chief
agistrate. In full and peaceable possession of all
pacta of toe republic except oa tbe-Haytien bor
der, which is diftarbed by insurrectionary leaders,
aided by the Uaynene and political tatrirmers.
Tbese are incited to be extraordinarily active at
tbia time by tbe fear of anaoxatioa to the United
States. From all that the Commissioner coald
ascertain, President Baex has the reeet of a great
majority of the DonrirOonn peoele for his arirnlax
traOve ablfities, axd the. strong attachment of
many leading men, wno regard aim as the-only
statesman among them who can bold them to
gether against domestic factions and foreign foes.
In )S4rVaXier Ave years of aoarcby, aoueeuiieal on
the expulsion of the Hayden power. Gen. Boes
was regularly elected President of tbe republic.
It appears thai he was choean-as the. man who, by
his education, fortune and publio services, would
be most likely to secure general conndeace and
heal the wounds inflicted by the civil and foreign
wars. In one of the delegations of leading citi;
zona who tendered to him the Chief Magistracy;
was)ew. Cabral. There -hi credible lesil nonytq
tbe (act that, under him, despite the ilimcultiee
that hare beset him, the- republic has enjoved aa
much liberty as Say of hie predecessor dared to
allow, and more tranquility than they knew how
to give.- Nor ao the Commtisfoners and that there
is any opponent of the present adminhtratioB of
that republic who has now. or who ever has had.
any claim to the Chief Magistracy by title.
perior to that of the present incumbent. What
ever technical defect 'here might have been in hi
original title to the office, H was conarmed by a
national convention and ra Lined br the assent and
support of tbe people. - -.-- :! f : v
The frequency of civil commotion during a long
period, and the consequent insecurity of property
nave paralysed Industry, discouraged accumula
tion, and so impoverished the country thst for the
last two years tbe nriandal resonrces of the gov.
eminent, a ha omceas informed us, have been in.
which still exist are headed by Cabral and Lnpe
ron. Tbeformer of these hr universally conceded
to he tbe more important, but neither ha a dis
tinct flair or a regularly organized armv. The
Commission found that Cabral doee net claim to
be the legal head of the republic; that he does
not claim to represent the principal constitutional
or legal authority, and this I shown try tbe tact
that in hie proclamation and m a communication
to the commission he style himself ebief of the
revolution, and a journal pretending to enuuuue
from him at San Juan, bnt well understood to be
Printed at the Heytien capital, I stvled the Brill"
a of tht iieeot'iiita. A to Laperon. tbe testi
mony both at dbrdend on the coast Is that ha ia
simply a "bandit, stataed. with crimes, t He has not.
so far a could be learned, d.l.tiugnU-bed himself in
any regular smnneri bis main exploit being tn
sundry robberies and piratical, operation on the
coast, the latter by means of a steamer famished
hint try msarrectlon broker vm nelghberimf
island. -TaC distarbance of which Cabral is the
bead has Its jeat tn the western part of tbe repnb.
lie, on tbe Haytian frontier, Tbef oree inuneaiate
ly at Cabrsi's command does not exceed a few
hehdred men, who. In ease of emergency, force
Into their service all the male population upon
whom they cad ray their hands. It has been
claimed that he had controlled the Dominican
Ran of Barobona. and received supplies through
, bdt tMs certainly is no longer the esse. On
the other .hand it is charged by the: pres
ent . Dominican Govern ment that he ha
received supplies throngh Bayti, and thaf Haytfen
soldiers and arm have been at hie disDoeaL Tbe
Itrmmnslouersoht&ined evidence or this fact from
many teenies. They also examined Haytien prlu.
oner nneaxanv weir ine language oi uavuena.
and having in the if hands muskets bearing tbe
ilaytien stamp. Tne commissioners Believe mat
had the revolutionist wielded only their own
forces afifl resources, they would long ago have
been put down Their whole importance h de
rived trom the helD of foreign intriguers, and fro. -a
tbe fact that behind them etawd the Hay tie na
tion, which ha nearly three time the population
and revenue of the Dominican Republic, and
which has arrer relented in it aggressive policy,
and at whose head le a President elevated by S
broody insurrection, tnvorving the murder of his
predecessor. Besides llyta aggression! other
cause aggravate the difficulties of the Dominica
Ke panne. Among wem are provincial jcatuimi s
between the north and south sides ot the island,
tbe number of military chiefs heading small clan
In various districts, and the convenience neighbor
ly fs lends aflorm tor revolutionist am uieurrec
Uonarv cberations. All thesedimculties the IJoro-
ntiesiondrt believe Would disappear should the
Dominican Republic be effectually protected by
coonectlon-wita a strrmsr nation. The local aelf
governineatof -tbe island ha Men greatly ob
structed by Interna! dtfflcultle and dlstsrbances,
yet trsny warn councils etill preserve an effleient
existence, and ire composed oi members of good
character and Mlity.- - . - " - ' ' :
ot the island In Isiil ia found to bar ¬
summated by fraud and to hard keen meet unsat
isfactory and oppret-aive la it results, aiiril and re
ligions, threatening langer to the MasoniO frfftr
Bity lergeand tntaexuial order la tbe telandV
and the re-establishment of slavery, either by 1m-
K station or fhe reduction of the inhabitant to
ndage. The peopt revolted and drove the
Spanieu into the stronghold em the coast, where .
the soldiers died by wholesale ot malignant fevers
engendered in tbe close and filthy barracks, de
void of all sanitary appliance. Of the fnarVh
losses, ao exact data con Id be obtained. The be
opinion seemed to be that the Spaniards sent in all
about aa.ttta troon. of whom between a-uOS and
R.UU0 were lost by desertion and other cause. Al
though bitterly disappointed in the results of the
Spanish annexation, tbe people, who were soot in
volved 1 new revolutions, ceaae not to lookabroad
in we reiier. - - - - - - - - -
To fhe surprise of the Commission, in almost all
pert of the oonntry, even the reirwteet, the peo
ple were found to be familiar with the question of
annexation to tne United States, and have discussed
H among themselves with lntell igence. All classes,
in all pins of the republic, were consulted; magis
trate and ecclesiastic f every grade; official,
civil, and military citizen: all professions and oc
cupations ; in town and country, and everywhere.
there was freneral agreement in toe oeciaraoon
that their only hope of permanent peace and pros
perity is in annexation to and becoming partvf the
DCoole of the United Bute. They generally de
clare their belief that the strong arm of this re-
public, in taking them under it protecnoe as
pan of the nation, would at once end the effort
and hone of every seditious revolutionary leader.
and establish law, order, and prosperity. - '
-1 ue Incorporation into Lhe peoue sentiment oi
a feeling strongly favorable to annexation to the
United State in d reference to any other power, b
partially due to the presence in various parts of
small colonies of cosored people forsaeciy from
tbe United States.
Tbe Commissioners entirely discredit tbe reports
that annexation won la be resisted by desperate
measures in any part of the island, and cite at
length thai, .iwa experience, and their entire im
munity from of every kind while on the
Inland as evidence of the correctness of their conclusion.
are of mixed blood, honest, temperate. Inoffen
sive, destitute of prejudice of race or color: pau
perism, beggary, and high crimes being practically
unanown. Among tne pupil ar vices is peivy
ramblli g. extensively indulged fat by the Spanish
portion of the population. Al are Roman Cath
olic except the American emlgranta, who are
j&etnoaisis ana xtapasts, tnougn no intolerance or
religious persecution can be discovered.- Th peo
ple generally ewa land -which they cultivate, al
though agricultural operation are limited by lack
of a market and frequent political disturbances,
though the Dominican ar not averse to work,
when sure of reasonable rewaii. Labor is In
abundant supply at tiO or lee a month.- Few
schools exist, and tbe people generally are unedu
cated, though tbe Commissioner "ve oppor
tunities for education would be fcriy mrproveo,
the Dominicans being posse o or proverbial
shrewdnee and ability. 0 -ne email and poor
ly equipped printing office exists in the Republic.
me general political capeaiy ox we people
regarded favorably, there having been for year
neitlfjr slavery nor caste spirit to deprive them of
their manliness The courage and devotion
wasted In insurrection abundantly prove their ca
pacity for self-government and regular political
action. The Commissioners estimate the actual
population of the Republic t lNl.OUt), move than
nineteen-twentieth being native Dominicans.
White blood preponderates largely, a majority be
ing much nearer white then Mack.
are vast and various, and its products may be m- J
creaseo witn scarcely any over lunii man tne la
bor expended upon them. There ia evidence of
mineral wealth in several parts of the island. The
geologist's expedition reports the existence of oree
of Iron, copper and gold, wHb deposits of lignite. I
rock salt ana petroleum, irouo "
tu, access, and will doubtless be inde available
for the cheap production of pig iron. Tile Co riper
ores are of a fair degree of tichneea, and lead have
been opened) to a augtuv extent. ii "i''"
coal on Samana Peninsula and In tbe neighbor
hood of Puerto Praia was examined, aud found to
be lignite, -of hale value a fuel compared with
nnt,a.lvaTilm or English coal. The cold ret'loo is
encfeatlv. at
present, bnt little known. It tavuetlpausat ex
ploration by practical miners. The salt deposit
in th mountains near nmj mcim.c'iu
tensive and valuable.- The salt can be quarried
wax to large -transparent blocks, and a cuemical
analysis made for tie Commissioner shows it to
be of sunV ient purity tor commercial purncee. ,
; eunxoaruy and practically tevmwcd, for amcnl
tnral purposes, there are Ave dossea Of Uodu is
Can TtomlnnA W w
S na vallem These are unK
rAMt. .41. mr.A nmtnirrlfa axcent tn Irmlted
... , ' : : j .. .( thatied
region where the .ram i deuuent, ason the.
southern slope of the cone range, northeast of
Monse-OhnsO. Jt - . ' i
a. Xbe extec-1-e rejion of Llanos, tstnr east ; and
florth of San Domingo City, south of tbo Cibrj
range. This is all-admirable paeiare land. A
large portion of It is capable of produble cultlva
Uou.Ia teraected.by- wooded. valleys, and
groves containing much excellent timcer. .
- t ' ni.tn nf Veva.'WhlMl I senurallT
. 1 1? ti,o finest bodv of agricultural t
ji.. .v. btn . .1 -'i '1 V
Tb iMgiw, Mke a portion at ba plain of
Azri audtSe-vaiiy of th Tifia, wbera rain la
pertly ot wboUr -wanOiif, treat fopOrtr011
caiujea.-These btndectn ' xextile by totti
ucial Irrigation. . 1
i. Tee red cuylandxv nostly feu tM neaet,
covered by coralline liaestone. Thesearawboiiy
covered with timber. - They r -not geeerall
very rich or deep, but arejmsceptible of profitable
cnliisation. Thevk-hiky-of San Dooungo dry i
a fair average specimen of this class of soil,
Hardly airy portion of the island Is not capable of
cultivation, and taken as a whole, it is one of the
most fertile region oa the face of th earth.
1 he agricultural product Include all the tropi
cal frulta and TCgttables, a well a commercial
staples. Sugar can Is grown most proutabJv
on the low lands, and the yield la much great'
than in the island of Jamaica, even though
aided by artiacal Irrigation. - Fifteen armnal
catting from the - or&inal root are common,
and the abundance of fuel gives San Domtnro
additional advantage -ever the neighboriug is
lands In this branch of Industry. The mountain
region are especially adapted to th culture of
coffee and cocoa, and valuable fibrous plants. Tbe
prodoctof wax and hooey iavery large, thousand
oi hive of honey being destroyed for tbe sake of
the wax alone. Wild ginger and indigo grow ey
ry where In tbe greatest profusion, and cotton is
ranted near Anna.' Uinduma i attceaaafallytaised
on the higher mountains, and many vegetable
and fruit of the temperate aone e also, pro
duced in abundance. The- country everywhere Is
adapted to the cultivation of tobacco, and three
crops of Indian corn are raised annually, though
the moat valuable natural grain Is a specie of rice.
More than forty distinct varieties of tropical fruit
are found growing; wild. - The -grassec Ci , San Do
mingo furnish abundant forace of the best
ssaaiiy. -town snap hard ef cattle -feed on th
great savannas, and UougB they were multiplied
tenfold could net exhaust itaebuniiant pasturage.
They can be bought for a cent a pound en the
hoof. Goats abound hi the more arid dbrtrieis;
and in. the forests swine thrive in great numbers
Sheep are -very few; poultry ptentitnl, wikl guinea
fowl being seen In many parts of the island.
Horses ax raised la great numbers, mad nlynae
raudlng expeditions have prevented a great devel
opment of the business of eteeh-ralslng. - -
One of the most remarkable agricnltural feature
of Santo Domingo is the diveistry of -natoml
growths m dure rent localities, wbichwill give n.-e
to extensive Internal commerce. - Insects and
noxious reptile are not found more abundant
than in the interior of onr oid States. In forest
products there is an astonishing variety, including
Uie choicest cabinet wood, oak, pitch-pine, Iigntrm
vlue, and aa immense stock of medical, and com
mercial woods, many bouses being built of ma
hogany. f - - -
The fisheries, once flourishing, have, during lat
ter veer, fallen into neglect. At an earlier period
in the history of the island more attention was
paid to taurine resources, and tunny ushery was
carried on aronnd all the shores ot the island, sup
pi jintt the home want fur salt hen, and allowing
an export to other colonies. Both the surround
ing seas and rivers of the Ishwdsare weU stocked
with hsh of many kiuds. The black fih. or
grampus, a entail member of the whale family, is
somewhat abundant on the . northern shore, where
several score are caagbt every year, and their
blubber tried down for oil. The turtle, both the
green edinle specie and the hawksbdl, are abun
dant iu the deep sea, a few miles Iroin land. i
Santo Domlngo,accordiug to all testinony.is gen- j
rally a hcanny country, especially m ine interior,
amoug the mountains, where white men labor
afely and uccessfully. The ecellmation of
strangers piesents.no greater obstacle to immigra
tion than to several of our new State, -One east
era portion of th island is constantly swept by
tbe trade wind, and they are meek - more healthy
than in iiayti, to which the ravages ot the Yellow
fever ar chiefly connned. Tbe louse of tnebpaa
irb army from illness, were largely due to the lack
of sanitary care, and the Cemoilssioaeai are sells
lied Itutt their losses have been largely exagger
ated. Tbe Comm lesion r hv grvsu special at
tention to tbe matter of health, and. Derides get
ting inform stkm front other quarter, they have
charged two medical gentlemen to report specially
upon it, and their report are appended. Their
conclusion is this: The popular idea that tbe Do
mbilcae territorv ie narticnlarlv unhealihv Slid
that persona visiting it are peculiarly liable to yel
low fever, is entire 1 erroneous, as the nverege
general health and longevity, ia equal to, and
probably greater than, the United States, Upon the
whole, Inuiigrauui are not liable to any
more -disturbance - - of general health
than- persona -who pass. from .the
o'd to the new State of the' United States,
end, aavlng upon the eea coast, the proces hi so
simple as to escape notice. . Takhig tne year
through, as mnch agricultural work can be- done
without affecting the health as can be done hi our
MidUe and Western States, and with greater re
sults. Persons in all circumstances enn here, by
electing their locality, enjoy delicto climate
and abundance of fruit, wi h far lece liability to
dissesseof the lunge, to scarlet lever, and. other
fearful epidemics, and without any liability to yel
low fcrrer. The Commission, ib attaches, and gen
tlemen of the press, numbered 3a, and the inicers
and crew of thekigate nembered-Ue. This com pany
of G2S sojourned in the harbors, supposed to
be tne most enheattiiy pen of the coawry, or hi
the interior of the island, about two month
Few, H any, had i been acclimated; never the s,
tnere was bat one case of mortal disease, and that
from cause unceanected w ith the climate. There
was no case of malignant fever and none of severe
sickneraamenc; them. ' The steamer Neiitasket,
with It full complement of orticers and seamen,
has been in the harbors of th k-laod tor about tU
teen month, and has not had a single case of yel
low fever,' Sarthqaake hare don ao serious
damage In the island since lMii, and though slight
?HOCk occur aimoei every jvw. iwj jw wiivn
wlxrable that scarce one in a dozen of the inhabt
t.iintiaU' Hurriasnse are not n-
freqticrnt, and sometime are attended with consid-
' ' ! 'i
The Island" ha several rrrersnavignbleforuhott
distance into the interior, while three great bays
Samamt, A co a, and Maneaavlll-dmit -vessels ef
C sutllSBUSU msena nun aaa ,
the largest drait, though only th. llret uas any in'
in a military potot of view." - e.iJ
The Comffifesfeneri tae h advanntgen'eT
7u.a la would be a powerfor
military and naval station, and douhtlese en fcB-J
portent cats, wai poruun oi iuw .,-" - - "
las already been acquired by a ctm of
ted States being but a small part of what would be
occupied by the site of a great eommereielcKy
Sun Domingo.- Inland eommnnicaijon by water
and rail would be easy, and the future of Semen
bay, -under the authority of the United Stale,
could not fall to be of national Importance.' i -
Thefollowing statement exhibit brienytnere
suit of Inqulrlrc a tn the debt e th g-avernmeut
nd its obligations, whether funded and ascer.
ulned and admitted, or unadjosaeu and aadefdi-
cuauion: . .
TJnDald aIaTl.:...
Bond and treasury notes...........
Debts and loans
Oblrgatiooa of Cabral.: --"v
49L-U3 Ox
z31,MS TT
.a tan on
national nan: rsoiesoouniciwgueu.
Interest bearing loana.... avj,5!I
Loans without Interest. .
iteresi.. .............. ...
Deetof ltfa,..,.-.. --j-.r
Pendin? claim
.V. M-U W
K4,000 Ou
Pending clahnc in franc, 136,714.-,
0,oc......r - -
rr,M, o
y. I . J T i
Sum total of debt and claims. . .$1,565,831 (
The foflowrnr statement of receipui tor JOTK Is
ere presented in order to give, as far as possible,
complete view of the financial condition of the
Dominican Republic: - . , : .
Resume of the income of the government for
I8WS - - ' ' - -,.jm fif i -
First, custom receipt :
Toenaifs -t . w2?
Entrance fee
Lightheases...we... . lr
Anchorage i i J? "
Piiouge .. . . . .. .- - 1
fnterpreter.-.i4..--t v r-'"!';
Signslmen...,...k . t
Uuarantin. jb...fw.,-it 4 1 -' wt
Recargo, meuidpel ....-t-s c---
Recaro tor steamers
Import does.... ................
Export diies.... . ...
Coast fees -
Deposit . .
Additional entrance fees..,.
6. Tfl-I 38 -S-K
It !
nil 60
601 Mi
7. M1 11
, 13,-WCIJ
1,400 00
fjeeond direct and Indirect taxi
Registry. end mortgage.,.,.
K147 M'i
i.m n
Stamped paper..,......,
Postare stamp.. 1.. ......',
Postage income........
Th'rd Public property
Sales aud rent-
Sundries :.....'....-.
. i P '-, .
' Total
..... 1S,ST 50
i 1,8M -
$35,467 56
$15,000 CO
- , xti
T7Jt 76
' The Commissioners bellevn fiat the tatemenS
published, as given, include ail tbe indebtedness
or obli'ationa for which the Dominican Kepublie
triasnydanree liable, a wllthat which it con
siders valid and binding aa that which tt regards an
nnfonnded,- or overstated by the claimants.
Taroughoot the Inquiry it we urged upon tbe Do
jMiiaan auwcvztie that every claim known to ex
ist, of whatever character, should be exhibited to
Uie Cemmiavien, wos object was- aol ui Oiter
mine the precise amount that was justly due and
binding, bat to get at tbe bottom and find the ut
most limit of then- obligations, set tins forth every-,
thing for which the government could, under any
circumstances, be made Basle. The aoova accouut
contain much that the Dominican .Government
believe to be parti t or -wholly rotiadlea ann
some which, upon inspection, will appear .ques
tionable. Among pending elanne-i one tipou
President Bacx.for destruction of property. It Is
aliened by tbe claimant that tne Spaniel Govs n
rneiH, teeuguued the. claim a valid, and, or
dered " an ' exammatlou 1 to - flx - the
amourit; but tne rni,., cannot undererantl
how this elatn could- be valid against th Do-
miBif.sri Government 1 a. qneetion has been raotea
in our countrv whether the govertrmcirtv and K
piecv the Dominican Republic, having once-been
nnder the rule of the Havtiens. xaisht not be ha 6 e
for a portion of the indemnity exacted- by France
from llayti for the estates of French families
wtach bsa! been ooscul by the alayueiw during
the revolution of 1701- Tbe Commissioners made
toqairiei on the i-abject of the Doniutcsa tfCvem-
ment. also in HavtL and thev could not learn thtt
the EafiiuGevraxaet bed ever to thieclidra
npon tbe Dominican Republic and they think ttnu
If made aVweulct bo WheilV- wkaetr innea-1aa--i
Tne Cnrnmimluiien were Informed bv the Doraiul
can auravsrlilestfaet the pneeent: aihnm wseino. ot
the government ha not had diolomatic represeu,
U Jvostor mail ksatiu er ngagxanijartih any
I other government si rent the ITnhed State. An
-unluauonoi the ueatie made during the ne.
vions Uatoiy of the republic with rawce. Greet
Britafs, aT oti' Power,- will -be found, in Ax
Doc. IT, rol .Cougresfc secend elon.
Tney are mostly J-eaUee of navigation and eoss
merce, and contain nBa"nra1 provhnon lequiimj
notice here. . .r 1 1 . . '' .'-"'.
The extent of undisputed Dominican Uiiltoty nt
Jail mil rf the portion wh had been
formerly hrrolved in Che dapai wuJ -Ban bene
The Ouui mhwe.mii 1 uisc nsnisMut otthw
various rumor , vac lea oev uuuui
diver oceafrn,5 that enacessteJie o grants of
land wevcvinwne to effieial of the jovemment of
tueXoited, tiiaics when the treaty o annexation
wwnegoUcted la x' NoMiMu "P0
ascertain the exact truth of thi MteVwt- in
addition to the examination of all grants h'om too
government of the sepobalu, -Ue Commissioner
further carried their researches to all mnnicV
f 'rants by the town of Samana, where rumor ho
ocated theanppeeed granm. Tne officers of ther
municipality aad th recerd were eeretally cx
smlned. Inquiries were al- o made of the author
ities of fbe dry of San Domlmra. After thi tn
vestigatiou th Cem-nnslon can declare, with
out hesitation, thai there Is so particle of evideucci
for the charges. . '
The Domlnrcanc repeat their willingnes to bo
annexed on the terms of tbe treaty of 18n9, ask
ing, in addition, parment lev rent of Samana Bar
during the two years the neitouatiOB have been
pending. They are also wiiliog to appropriate
one fifth of the public fund for schools, providing
the United Stateewill appropriate .iiMitat le
eitabliahraent of an agricultural aud acteauac
college. In relation to Dominican Independence,
the Comm (Ketone re say there hi but one cbaaca
for -that republic', eve to- secure its Indepen
dence ; to become, after a proper period of pro
bation, one of a union of State, the freedom
and substantial ependcnce of each belnfguar-
erovince of the Couunusiojiersj nnd.r the re sola
on of Congress, to Teevrmmetrrl that "ck a eonrse
be adopted or aastained from Ther sitcply
a their belief, founded npon the obee.-ratioiin
they could make, and of the facts tbey could warn,
ha, Ihk I. tlM nnl wav In which Dominican Inde
pendence can be secured, and that If it should be
(ndged beet not to adopt that course, even tbe
present sbadows-or tnuepeniienoe wui no nana
away. Tbe Dominican territory Is one of the
flnest and richest on lb earth. Unlet) some su cat
aieaae a tho abuee meititimerl ars resorted to.
It rve Be cxhsosu-d and helpless untilscmie strong
nation snail yam and bold it in, colonial subjec
tion. ...... ...
commercial Delations of the Dominican part
of the island present one Indication not to be
pnesed without mention. The moat laupenaut
r-asanmt n Hi a wise ay tan, the tobacco trade.
Is carried on mainly by Germans, sand 1 with the
Principle seaport of the aew German Enrpttw. To
ech aa extent &a this tendency enveloped itself,
thai this trade is rapidly becoming a German
monopoly. The Commissioners found the num
ber ot Uenoan ubjecte In important bueb-eee
operationa and agencies oa the north ef the island
to exceed those of any other foreign power, and
their inline oe t extending steadily up Into the
central dwiricie. ' - - ; - - - -
The mflitence which Sao Dommgo, under a stabler
gov ui aia ant, would exercise upon the Institution
of slavery has not escaped attention. Geographic-lily
it lies between the two last stronghold of
slavery in North America Cuba on the west, and
Porte Rico-oa the east. In. the present tm potency
of its government It exercises little influence, bnt
the IntraMtants are earnestly opposed to sis very,
and nnder more favorable circumstance tbeir
moral influence would- be felt in neighboring;
Islands. It would be art on the side of freedom.
Is' or would that tnfluence be merely moral. Com
xuerciel influeaces work in tbe same direction. San
Domingo is capable of supporting millions of peo
pre; land tsebesp. In fertility it ecrtninly eqaals,
and probably exceeds, the neighboring isles, and it
is e en better suited to tbe production of sugar
and coffee. It could -tp-ilv the whole market of
the United State with tbese great West India
staple. , Darin the Tear above mentioned seven
teen per cent, of all the imports of the United
Stale were the prodactioBe of slave labor." Tbia
trade ie lb main support which the slave system
has. With liberty or free labor, and the immigra
tion which won la be attracted by tbese, with a vast
advantage nj the West India trade, ariaing front
the tact that any duties laid by the United State
ou West India productions for re venue
would" be a discrimination against
slave products, and wonld inure to the protection
of Dominican free labor. It Is not too much to ex
pect that San Domingo might be developed into a
powerlnl State, which, by the inevitable oouzse ot
trade, would make slave labor in the neighboring
islands unprofitable, and. by the spread of its
Idea, anodes- the whole slave and cast evsteta
odtoB--' '
The Cotntor-slooers of eonrse fert s deep Inter,
est lu the c xpari me ui of salf-governmenti which
the blacks are trying in Ilavtt. Tbey staled to the
President of tbe republic that they should be glad
to be pnt In tbe way of aacertmning what ware the
claims of Iiayti npwn San Domingo; what were the,
lews and wishes of the liayrien people with re
aped to any change that might be brought about
in tbe neighboring republic, but tbey received no
encouragement to pursue their inquiries. Tbey
asked verbally, and throa-rh onr Minister in writ
ing, for penmssioa to explore in the interior of the
i&land, but this was met id a spirit equivalent to a
refusal. They contented themselves, therefore,
with taking such testhneay and gathering suck in.
formation upon matter bearing npon the ques
tion of annexation aa they coald. Without glving
otisnse. ...... -
In reviewing the whole field of their Inveetlg.
Hons, looking to the Interest of both divisions of
the Matrd.-they are firmly persuaded that tbe an
nexation of ban .Domingo to the United State
would be hardly less beneficial to the Haytien
than to th Domrnlraa -people. That beneflt
wonld arise: First, from the example which
would doubi Iesa be afforded, of a well-regulated,
orderly and ' prosperons stab the gnat
need of . that ' part of tbe world, and
which it has, as yetv never seen. A second
and more direct benefit wonld arise from the
eouitable esmbUshn-ent of a bo-radary ttnn be
tween the French-speaking and fc pan wh-s peaking
natives npon that Island, and Us guarantee by a
strorg power. This- would end the exhausting;
border warfare, which has been one of the great
est curse ct iiayti, as well as San Domingo, and
would enabl both to devote their energies thence
forward to toe education of their people aad the
development of their resources
Respectfully submitted, B. F. Wapu. '
AirDRBW D. Wiittx,
. - L. G. Howa, . .
To the President of the United States.
- '
Tame Codfish.
Mi Bockland, ia Zand and. Water, gives
na intureaUng aocount ot viait paid by
him to a pontT containing; lame otxiflsh at
Portlt)gau'Wigtoniihirev' Tho property
in miPAtiim ht-lon-r-t to a r-entleman by the
ILnanie of M'Donaall a-nd" eonsist-i of an
.T.-S fift "StS; "TT"; ,-N.o XTaar" tn
UI JJUI I liCttLCi liwub tuc uuuuitu t.. UA
diai-tter holTowexl cnt Of the solid rock by
the sen. ' AU Te&s fxota this is preTentea
by a barrier ot' loose stones, through
which water passes btey. '
: On approachiag -the bore of the pond
many codflsh of great siiza were seen ; and
vi hen a servant woman whJ hnd charge of
the fish approached rwith -eoniw nm-cles,
ths snrface of .the water was perfectly alive
with the strn-reling fish. They came close
t the edge, and alter a -while permittea
iir. , BackJaud to ta&o , rtoia, ei me-u.
scratch them on the back, and' play with
themin Yarw-wways- Among-ether ex
periment, tried by hiin.was that of hold
ing a muscle in his hand, and allowing the
ti9h to swaUow- his. hand- in the effort to
obtain the muscle. -
These fish furnish to the proprietor an
excellent supply -of food, the flavor being
considered mucii superior, to that of the
cod taken in the open sea. Whenever
needed for the table asolectiou can readdy
be made from the most prominent of those
at hand, and the fish st cured without any
difficulty. ' - ' ' ttt
A coht spondent of Land. water,
referring to this account ot the codftoh at
Port Logan, remarks that when he visrteu
the pond, fifty years sgo, there was a blind
codfish in the pool, which the woman who
had the pond in charge used to feed -with,
limpets taken from the rock. , When this
fish came to the surface with the othere
she caught it in her fingers, sat down witn
It upon a stool, having pail of the limp
ets, shelled, in her lap, wiih -which she fed
It out of an Iron spoon, the fish seeming
to enjoy it very much. After feeding she
returned it to the pond. The wnter avers
this to be a fact, a'thongh he evidently
scarcely expects it to be believOO. tr
jwr'f M'lyazine for April , .
A Big Sum.
,Xhb war indemnity that France is to
pay Germany is, according to the Frank
fort Oaxtte, to be divided among the vic
tors as .follows: Jforth Germany, 3,815
millions; Bavaria, 65 trillions; Wnrtem
bursr, 240 millions; Battt-n, 190 million?,
and Hesse, 105 millions ot f canes.
The total indemnity five milliards is
a 'sum of such c iiof-nl magnitude that it
requires -mite an effort of the imagination
to realize it The lips may utter it glibly,
but the mind has no share tn it, for this
gam so far exceeds the numbers w ith which
people deal in ordinary life that it is at
drat imposflble to grasp its real tdgni
ticarxce. A few iUutuatiens will readily
show thi-u. Supposing that an experienced
cashiCT lo able to count 40,000 francs in
flve-franc piece in aa hour. : Were he to
begin ctruntinitat 25 years of age, and con
tinue at this rate efght hoursaoaythrough
0v working das in the year, he would not
finish his work uutil ho is 77 years old.
If a row of one franepieeea was to be laid
down side by aide, this line would reach,
one-third the distance between the eartn
a .v.7 itn rinMdve that not one
of minutes, haa passed since the
Lbirth of Christ; had we, u-i-, !
rr-7: v e nisr rrerr rxunute dur-
ta;thVd3,d t.-.
of francs would not yet
tained from tbe bewg ef our chrono-
ork. tra dowa to the -eresent 3 date,-
-Tbeb' "Ab5t One wlio 0w Q$
with i4 employer mocer, j

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